中国豆腐的饮食文化差异与融合

Dec 24, 2017 | Views: 328
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摘要

近代科学使人们对黄豆的营养价值充分认识,中国发明的豆腐与其副产品在饮食界的地位迅速提升。品种、数量和烹调方式相应增加,如今豆腐在中国更是无分南北东西,贫富身份,早已冲出海外,传播到其他国家, 发扬光大其滋味。本文以五个部分浅谈中国饮食文化的对比,并以中国发明的豆腐为主轴,一是豆腐饮食文化、二是豆腐的名称和种类、三是豆腐 的发源与传播、四是豆腐的文化差异与融合,最后是结语,并尝试在本文中介绍豆腐在世界各地的饮食差异与文化融合。

 

一、 豆腐饮食文化

每个民族都有属于自己独特的饮食文化,世界上有数百中民族,理应有百花齐放的饮食文化,然而,被近代世界各国所接受的饮食文化,大致上只分为两大种类,即欧洲饮食文化和中国饮食文化。欧洲的饮食文化是在政治与经济的背景下走向世界, 反观之,中华饮食文化与政治权利毫无关系,纯碎是中华民族赞誉中国饮食的美味, 将其滋味带到他国去,中国餐馆才遍布于世界各地。

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孙中山先生在《建国方略》支持了这个观点,“我中国近代文明先进,事事皆落人之后,惟饮食一道之进步,至今尚为文明各国所不及。中国所发明之食物,固大胜于欧美;而中国烹调法之精良,又非欧美所可并驾……。中国烹调之术不独偏传于美洲, 而欧洲各国之大都会渐有中国菜馆矣。日本自维新以后,习尚多采西风,而独于烹调 一道嗜中国之味,东京中国菜馆亦林立焉。是知口之于味,人所同也。”

除了中国烹调之术和中餐馆遍布全世界,中国制作的食品也传遍世界各国,例如: 茶叶、饺子、油条、面条等等,尤其是中国发明的豆腐。中国发明的豆腐先是传到日本,接着是东南亚国家,如今更是受欧美国家欢迎,继茶叶之后又一个畅销到世界各地的中国食品。1981 年,美国的《经济展望》杂志曾预言,未来十年,最成功的而最有潜力的商品不是汽车,也不是电子产品,而是中国的豆腐。果然这预言成真了,中国发明的豆腐成为中西餐厅必备的食品,中国发明的豆腐副产品是家家户户必吃的食 品,中国发明的豆浆更是取代了欧美牛奶的地位。

 

二、 豆腐的名称与种类

“豆腐”这个词在广义上是各种黄豆食品的统称,在狭义上是指一般的豆腐,也 就是最普通,最为人知,最廉价的豆腐。中国的每个省份都有各自的豆腐名称与种类, 且相同种类的豆腐在不同省份也会冠上不同的名字与读音。如今这个食品广传到世界 各地,几乎每个民族都会用自己的语言给这食品取个音译名。

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中国普通话的豆腐,念作“dòu fǔ”;粤语的豆腐,念作“dowfu”;闽南话的 豆腐,发音成“tahu”;印尼语借用闽南话,豆腐也念着“tahu”;菲律宾人称之为 “tojo”或“tokua”;西方英语音译成“tofu”,或取名“Bean Curd”。由于西方厨房里并没有和豆腐对等的食品,因此他们用“Bean Curd”一词命名豆腐,形容这食品是“黄豆凝乳”或“黄豆乳酪”,甚至是“黄豆起司”。

豆腐问世后其家族成员不断壮大,相续衍生出豆浆、豆腐脑、豆腐皮、豆腐丝、水豆腐、豆腐干、南豆腐、臭豆腐、油豆腐、冻豆腐、豆腐乳等。清朝李调元还写了一首戏詠《豆腐》记载各种豆腐副食品:

家用为宜客非用,合家高会命相依。(豆浆)
石膏化后浓加酪,水沫挑成皱成衣。(豆腐皮)
剁作银条垂缕滑,划为玉段载脂肥。(豆腐丝)
近来腐价高于肉,只恐贫人不救饥。(水、干豆腐)
不须玉豆与金笾,味比佳肴尽可捐。(南豆腐)
逐臭有时入鲍肆,闻香无处辨龙涎。(臭豆腐)
市中白水常成醉,寺里清油不碑禅。(油豆腐)
最是广大寒彻骨,连筐称罢御卧寒。(冻豆腐)
才闻香气已先贪,白楮油封四小甔。(豆腐乳)
滑似油膏挑不起,可怜风味似淮南。(豆腐脑)

此清朝戏詠描述了十种较为人知的豆腐副产品,字字描述得十分显明,由此推断豆腐与其副产品在古时候属于庶民之食,而豆腐的饮食文化踪迹可追溯至更早时期的汉朝。

 

三、 豆腐的发源与传播

中国豆腐在饮食文化历史上存有不同的说法,广为人知的是“淮南王刘安版”。中国豆腐面世于西元前 164 年,由中国汉高祖刘邦之孙——淮南王刘邦所发明。据说淮南王对炼金术极为兴趣,有次他到八公山上烧药炼丹,无意将卤水或海水点入黄豆汁,进而发明了一块凝固块状的食品,亦是今日所食的中国豆腐。

中国豆腐面世一千年后才被宋朝的《清異录》记载,文中提及了淮南王发明豆腐之事。而详细的传统豆腐制作过程记载于明代李时珍的《本草纲目》谷部卷 25“豆 腐”:“凡黑豆、黄豆及白豆、泥豆、豌豆、绿豆之类,皆可为之。水浸,硙碎。滤 去渣,煎成。以卤汁或山矾叶或酸浆醋淀,就釜收之。”

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虽然中国豆腐的制作过程记载于明朝的《本草纲目》,可是这食品早在唐朝传入到日本去。据《和名抄》所载,唐朝中国长安及扬州的著名菜肴和糕点,随着中日饮食文化交流的开展,陆续传到日本,日本当地流行了唐式美食,其中包括豆腐。

中国豆腐也伴着中国扬州大明寺的鉴真和尚传入日本。早在公元 743 年,他受到日本佛教界朋友的邀请,远赴日本传授佛教,他不仅把佛教传入日本,也将中国豆腐 带到了日本的寺庙。有学者认为,早期中国和日本的豆腐制作场所设置于寺庙里,由寺庙的唐僧经营,信徒们在寺庙尝到豆腐后,向寺庙的唐僧请教豆腐做法,最后带到民间去开设自己的豆腐店,从此中国豆腐立足于日本民间。

欧洲人最早认识中国豆腐是在 1665 年,多明我会士闵明我(Domingo Fernández de Navarrete)写的《旅行记》中介绍了中国上子帝王下至平民所食用的食物,其中包括豆腐(teu fu),他也在文中提及了豆腐制作法,然而,中国豆腐正式面世于欧 洲于本世纪初,可说是才刚开始正式踏入欧洲。

根据新闻报导,数位中国人在法国开设了一间“豆腐公司”,生产豆腐、豆腐干、 油豆腐、豆腐乳、豆乳酱等豆腐副产品,并有幸让法国总统品尝中国豆腐后,并成为法国宫廷餐桌上的佳肴。从此,中国豆腐在法国的身价提高数倍,甚至广传到英国、意大利、葡萄牙、美国等。目前,美国已经有五十多间豆腐店店,豆腐与豆腐副产品 的需求不断提升,相信未来会开设更多间豆腐店。

中国饮食文化对东南亚的影响甚大,以马来西亚和印尼为例,早在十八世纪末生 活于中国南方的人迁移到南洋居住,亦是今日的“华裔”。他们从中国带来了水稻、 蔬果、茶叶、面条、豆腐等,这些食品与烹调技术在当地流传,同时开设了多家中国 餐饮店,逐渐深受当地人喜欢,中国菜肴成功融合到当地的饮食文化。

 

四、 豆腐的差异与融合

豆腐的文化不断开拓,日益创新,如今更被标记为世界性食品,犹如座桥梁搭建到世界各地传播饮食文化,共享文化资源。这块中国豆腐去到世界各地后是否保留其 风味和滋味,以下内容举例了一些豆腐传播到海外后的新面貌,并略谈其不同之处。

 

水豆腐

块状水豆腐

块状水豆腐--“水豆腐”也称作“嫩豆腐”,这种豆腐在中国并不普遍,因为这种豆腐非常柔 软,由稀释的豆浆制作而成,再被保存于水中。

中国有两种水豆腐,第一种的做法像日本的日式绢豆腐,成块出售;第二种是在大壶里凝结成形,质地非常柔软得用汤匙舀入客人的碗中,若淋上一些酱油或糖可直接食用。反观之第二种水豆腐是马来西亚常见的豆腐料理,几乎每个超市或菜市场都可见到水豆腐的踪影。

一般的中餐馆会在水豆腐上撒肉碎,淋上特调酱料,再蒸上几分钟, 皆以咸食为主,不曾出现甜味的水豆腐,且马来西亚食客不爱老豆腐,尤其是中国北方的老豆腐,放到舌尖立即皱眉头。

 

豆腐脑、豆腐花

桶装水豆腐

桶装水豆腐

中国的豆腐脑如同布丁,一般装置在木制的桶子里,顾客点了豆腐脑便一勺勺舀 入到碗中,淋上花生和红糖,或榨菜、虾米和酱油,再附上汤匙,甜咸二味供顾客选择,可围绕在推车旁吃。

豆腐脑的口感与水豆腐相似,但是质地再软一些,水豆腐属于餐桌上的菜肴,豆腐脑则属于路边摊子卖的甜品小吃。

东南亚卖的豆腐脑一般以甜味为主,白糖浆或红糖浆,绝不会出现肉沫榨菜酱油 的咸味版。而东南亚称豆腐脑为“豆腐花”,中国却认为“豆腐脑”和“豆腐花”不属于同类,前者是布丁形,后者如同汤里的蛋花。

中国咸味豆腐脑

中国咸味豆腐脑

左为中国豆腐花。右为马来西亚甜味豆腐脑

左为中国豆腐花。右为马来西亚甜味豆腐脑

 

豆干

“豆干”或“豆腐干”,中国的豆腐干一般是方块形状,四边约 7.5 公分,厚 2 公分,深棕色或橙黄色,印有朱红色的中国字是家里拜祭的贡品,而切成条状、丝或小丁的豆腐干与中式酱汁一块儿炒或砂锅方式烹调。

美国旧金山纽约也卖豆干,不过是“五香豆干”(Spiced Dry Tofu),西方人喜欢将豆干切成薄片像冷盘的肉类一样食用,或

者当成开胃小菜。他们也把五香豆干和新鲜蔬菜、坚果和沙拉酱一起凉拌。

左为中国条状豆干。右为五香豆干。

左为中国条状豆干。右为五香豆干。

 

油豆腐块

中国三角状油豆腐块

中国三角状油豆腐块。

“油豆腐块”,也称作“厚扬”,中国油豆腐块的传统做法是把整块传统豆腐经过挤压,再制作成三角形用油炸至金黄色出售。中国三角形金黄色油豆腐块多用于砂 锅,再加入酱汁和蔬菜一起烹调。

早期日本的油豆腐块和中国的油豆腐块相似,然而东京的豆腐师傅将之改成长方形,并切成四块,四边约 2.5 公分,重量约 150 克,体积变小了,再放入油锅炸直到 酥脆,最后用于锅料理与高汤和蔬菜燉煮。

西方人喜欢将油豆腐块当作牛排烧烤,放在小炭的炉子上慢慢慢烘烤,并在油豆腐块表面划几刀,淋上烧烤酱汁让其味道渗入油豆腐块里,最后粘上辣椒酱或番茄酱食用。

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日本关东煮西方状油豆腐块。

西方烧烤油豆腐块

西方烧烤油豆腐块。

 

油豆腐泡

日本的豆皮寿司

日本的豆皮寿司

“油豆腐泡”,一个小袋或泡状的油炸豆腐,有袋装、片状、及薄条状,可在里面填入蔬菜、肉碎或其他馅料,深受日式料理欢迎。据说油豆腐泡是日本发明的,因为 在旧时代的中国没发现其踪迹。油豆腐泡在不同国家有不同做法。在日本,日本寿司师傅喜欢用袋装的油豆腐泡塞入醋饭,变成豆皮寿司,日本妈妈还喜欢在油豆皮泡里加入谷类、面条和蔬菜,当作小孩的便当。

日本占领韩国期间,也把油炸豆腐带到韩国去了,像是各种大小的福袋,此福袋 可作豆皮寿司或束袋,里面打开可放馅料。

韩国的福袋油豆皮泡

韩国的福袋油豆皮泡

美国人也爱吃油豆腐泡,当地有种独特的油豆腐泡,名叫油豆腐泡芙(Age Puff),形状像一个小正方棒棍,油炸时随时会膨胀成一根长 11 公分、直径 5 公分的 金黄色香肠。有别于日本的油豆腐泡,美国的油豆腐泡冷却后依然是鼓胀的,也不像日式的油豆腐泡可塞入馅料在中间,美国的油豆腐泡芙得在旁边切开一道细缝。

 

豆腐乳

白豆腐乳

白豆腐乳

“豆腐乳”得普通话也称作“腐乳”或“乳腐”,粤语是“fuyu”或“funan”, 上海话是“sufu”或“dou-sufu”,意思是长了霉的牛奶。豆腐乳是一种黏稠度很高, 风味非常强烈的食品,人们切碎红辣椒调味,味道强烈且辛辣,一小口可吃许久。豆 腐乳一般不在传统豆腐店售卖,多数在中式酱菜店制作贩卖,也有不少家庭会自制, 因为低成本,还可长时间储存。中国人喜欢将豆腐乳当做粥的调味料,白饭的开胃小 菜或前菜,也有人喜欢在炒菜时加入豆腐乳调味。

红豆腐乳

红豆腐乳。

众多豆腐副产品唯有豆腐乳最具特色,因为豆腐乳不像日本所制的任何东西,也不是西方人所熟悉的食品,因此豆腐乳在西方享有“中国起司”的美誉,西方人对发酵的食品更是大为所爱。

西方常见的豆腐乳是白豆腐乳(Fermented Bean Curd)和红豆腐乳(Red Bean Curd),玫瑰豆腐乳是西方的牌子,包装如同番茄酱,西方人喜欢 这牌子的红腐乳与辣椒酱一起搅拌,并与锅里的肉类和海鲜粘上食用。

美国卖的罐头红豆腐乳

美国卖的罐头红豆腐乳。

 

豆浆

中国常见的豆浆

中国常见的豆浆

有豆腐,自然有豆浆,产自不同区域的豆浆自然有其独特之处。

中国的豆浆,也称作“中式豆浆”、“豆腐浆”“豆奶”或“豆乳”。豆浆在中 国的饮食地位甚高,食用的概率或许还比传统豆腐还要高,因为是中国的幼儿、儿童和成人的主要蛋白质来源,远远胜于其他国家。每天早上,许多中国人会带着容器到 传统豆腐店或专卖豆浆的小店购买一家人所需的豆浆,因此小区、学校、广场皆是豆 浆的踪影,其需求是众饮料中的榜首。

日本盒装浓豆浆。日本工厂贩售的盒装豆浆口味众多,原味、蜂蜜、麦芽、草莓或巧克力,日本以 外的国家都以原味豆浆为主,反观之日本的口味较为丰富。而厂商会将盒装豆浆贩售 到贩卖机,路上看见贩卖机可随时买一盒豆浆。

豆浆小贩常以一般的搅果汁机打豆浆,味道淡而只剩黄豆味,口感细薄,入喉后感到明显的渣儿,多数售卖原味,食客也可要求在豆浆里撒上少许的白糖,四季皆以热饮为主。若买不着新鲜豆浆,也可购买瓶装豆浆。如今工厂大量制成瓶装豆浆,食客可根据自己的需求或喜爱的品牌购买放置在家中。简言之,豆浆在中国家庭的地位 犹如西方的牛奶。

日式豆浆分为两大种类,传统豆腐店做的浓豆浆,或大公司所制作的盒包装豆浆。日本的传统豆腐店会售卖浓豆浆。这种浓豆浆是六种豆腐的原料,豆浆美味的秘诀在与其浓度,而豆浆的浓度是因店而异,豆浆除了当成饮料,也可用作制作绢豆腐。

日式浓豆浆在日本拥有个崇高的地位,深受日本妈妈和社区小孩推崇。原来,日本妈妈会购买浓豆浆喂食年纪太小无法食用豆腐的婴儿,或者她们想要孩子断奶便会以浓豆浆取代。如今厂商出产的灌装调配豆浆粉也为妈妈们提供了便利,方便妈妈们到药房或天然食品店购买。

马来西亚的冰豆水

马来西亚的冰豆水

豆浆亦是马来西亚常见的饮品,但不称作豆浆,而是“豆水”,顾名思义是黄豆 制作的水,口感如一般的水,没有渣儿的口感,多数小贩也不用搅果汁机打黄豆,坚 持在厨房以机器打黄豆,再以人工搅拌直到口感顺滑。

马来西亚式的豆水会加上白糖浆, 或黄糖浆,以冷饮冰爽为主,还会添加豆腐脑,增加多层次的口感。

豆浆在其他国家地域也是有饮品的概念,例如印度和非洲,豆浆厂商为了将此饮料大众化,加入了当地人喜欢的口味,像是麦芽、柳橙、咖啡、肉桂和香草,而且价钱也定价在牛奶的四分之一。

 

韩式豆腐

韩式豆腐

韩式豆腐。传统韩式豆腐,名为“tubu”,比日式豆腐晒微结实,有没有中式木棉豆腐般结实。

韩国到处可见贩卖豆腐的店,也有农家会在家自制豆腐。由于豆腐有减缓辛辣的作用,因此韩式料理有道非常著名的菜叫“豆腐锅”,这是一道辛辣的汤料理,里面的豆腐就起到了作用,而一般的“泡菜锅”也会加入豆腐淡化强烈的泡菜味。

豆腐渣、 豆浆和凝乳都出现在韩式料理,绢豆腐、烤豆腐、豆皮和豆腐乳几乎没出现在韩国。

韩式豆腐汤锅

韩式豆腐汤锅。由于豆腐有减缓辛辣的作用,因此韩式料理有道非常著名的菜叫“豆腐锅”,这是一道辛辣的汤料理,里面的豆腐就起到了作用,而一般的“泡菜锅”也会加入豆腐淡化强烈的泡菜味。

 

五、结语

纵观所述,豆腐间的差异比较可探讨得更深入仔细,从制作过程,烹调方法,食材配搭,售卖形式,食用习惯等等。而一番比较后会更认识这块中国豆腐在世界上扮演的饮食文化角色。

若将豆腐作为代表中国饮食文化的代表象征,也许有点不够称职,毕竟论排位身份其他的食品同样具有浓厚的特色。不过,中国食品当中似乎很少有像豆腐般,广泛 受到世界各地不同国家民族的认同,全世界对豆腐的认知,已经超出了“形”与 “味”,并达到了“意”的境界。

一块白白实实的中国豆腐已不是单纯地食品。尝一口豆腐,吃出中国人的饮食智 慧;烹调一道豆腐料理,感受到人们对自身健康的认知与追求;做一桌豆腐宴,品出全世界的饮食文化差异与融合。

 

走遍中国吃豆腐

 

八公山豆腐——中国安徽

推荐菜:刘安点丹
餐厅:淮上豆府
地址:安徽省淮南市国庆东路与水厂路交叉口(老店)、安徽省合肥市怀宁路天鹅湖万达内街三楼(新店)
电话: 0554-3311116、0551-65990958
时间:9:30-13:30 16:30-21:00

Picture2

简介:豆腐起源于安徽的淮南地区,距已有两千多年的历史。豆腐中质量最好的数淮南八公山一带,叫做“八公山豆腐”。这种豆腐采用纯黄豆作原料,加八公山的泉水精制而成。当地农民制作豆腐的技艺世代相传,很多人都掌握了一套好手艺,做出的豆腐细、白、鲜、嫩,深受群众欢迎。如今,安徽当地有家专设“豆腐宴”的餐厅,名为“淮上豆府”,该餐厅的行政总厨也叫着刘安呢!

Picture1

特色:“刘安点丹”是“淮上豆府”餐厅为了纪念淮南刘安而设计的一道豆腐创意菜。厨师会在托盘上摆设了6个装有小菜的碟子,其中有数个空白的瓷碗,而碗底散了一些白色的粉末。之后,厨师会拎起小茶壶,将豆浆一点点导入白瓷碗内,约两分钟,碗内的豆浆开始凝固,成为鲜嫩的豆花,最后加些调料增加风味。

 

剑门豆腐——中国四川

推荐菜:剑门怀胎豆腐
餐厅:剑门关六娃子豆腐店
地址:四川广元市剑阁县剑门场镇
电话:0839-6750036

pic4

简介 :“不吃剑门豆腐,枉游天下雄关”,剑门豆腐,相传始于三国。当时姜维被魏军所困,人马疲惫,令驻扎各营及当地百姓磨豆浆做豆腐,豆渣喂军马,制作豆腐的习俗沿袭下来。此外,剑门山砾岩沙石坡土种植黄豆的品质优良,剑门泉水清澈甘甜,加上独特的制作工艺,因此剑门以豆腐白嫩、清香、有韧性著称。

pic3

特色:凡到剑门关景区的旅客都有机会在附近品尝著名的剑门豆腐,若是一群人想到餐馆里享受一顿豆腐宴不妨考虑“剑门关六娃子豆腐店”。2012年四川省旅游协会主办了“剑门关豆腐烹饪大赛”,剑门关六娃子豆腐店荣获“剑门豆腐”名店第一名,而剑门怀胎豆腐则是该餐厅的特色餐。

 

高碑店豆腐丝——中国河北

推荐菜:高碑店豆腐丝
餐厅:家兴快捷酒店
地址:高碑店市北大街1号(近高碑店市火车站)
电话:0312-2839866

pic5

简介:高碑店是个地名,位于中国河北,豆腐丝又名豆腐筋,源自当地姓贾和姓王的两家,现在仍从事豆腐丝加工的贾、王两家传人,已是第七代。高碑豆腐盛行于清朝,相传清朝在易州修建了西陵后,皇帝王侯来这里祭祀,曾食用高碑店的豆腐丝,故此成为一道名贵的菜肴,并在清代宫廷里供应帝王公侯食用。

pic6

特色:高碑店五香豆腐丝采用成熟饱满的大豆作原料,经过筛选、浸泡、磨浆、煮沸、除渣、凝固、压片、切丝、卤煮、捆把等十几道工序,才卤制成具有独特风味的五香豆腐丝。色泽乳白,束丝状,味道咸香,老幼皆宜,还有“素食之首”的美誉。

 

豆腐箱——中国山东

地点:延庆豆腐宴,北京北苑2号院
推荐菜:箱箱豆腐

pic7

简介:山东豆腐箱又名齐国豆腐箱,是山东省汉族传统名菜,属于鲁菜系。预想品尝豆腐箱不必专程到山东去,北京郊外的北苑家园设有豆腐宴,其中的“箱箱豆腐”大受好评。箱箱豆腐也称得上一道功夫菜,虽然味道和北京人家里做的夹板豆腐很像似,但是厨师把豆腐切成箱子形状,再挖出里面的心儿,放入搅拌好的肉馅,再把豆腐盖好,从外边看就是一块完整的豆腐。

 

葱烧豆腐

地点:57度湘,广州新港中路354号珠影星光城1楼
推荐菜:葱烧豆腐

pic8

简介:葱烧豆腐是道家常菜,做法简单,味道可口,十分下饭。然而,如此简单的一道菜竟然是57度湘的人气佳肴,再普通的一道菜,也不再普通。57度湘以铁板烧闻名,白嫩豆腐经由铁板烧后,外表煎得香香辣辣,却保住里面豆腐最纯真的味道,成功荣获了“最高人气北京葱烧豆腐”这名誉啊!

 

臭豆腐——中国苏州

地点:谷兰臭豆腐,苏州观前街宫巷81号
推荐菜:香辣臭豆腐

pic9

简介:臭豆腐,又名臭干子,其名虽俗气,却外陋内秀,平中见奇,源远流长,是一种极具特色的汉族传统小吃。古老而传统,一经品味,常令人欲罢不能。谷兰臭豆腐是苏州区的臭豆腐之王,来到观前街的人都会专程来到这个小档口排队,一边看着黑色方块在油锅里翻滚,一边闻着阵阵的臭味。最后将炸好的黑豆腐块浸在汤汁里,撒上香菜,再来个香辣酱调味,酥脆的外皮,满满的汤汁,简直是香啊!

 

麻婆豆腐——中国四川

pic10

地点:成都明婷饭店,外曹家巷26号附6号
推荐菜:脑花豆腐

简介:“明婷饭店”的独创之作——脑花豆腐。豆腐鲜,脑花嫩,新鲜的豆腐和新鲜的豆腐脑完美结合,豆瓣酱和多种佐料炒在一块儿,麻辣中不失咸香味,恰好来碗白米饭,味道像极了四川麻婆豆腐。

pic11

 

参考文献

[1]青柳昭子、威廉·夏利夫.豆腐之书本[M].台北柿子文化事业有限公司,2005.

[2]徐海荣.中国饮食文化在世界上的深远影响,第七届中国饮食文化学术研讨会论文集 [J].财团法人中国饮食文化基金会,2002.

[3]赵荣光.中国古代庶民饮食生活[M].北京商务印书馆国际有限公司,1997. [4]中央电视台记录频道.舌尖上的中国[M].北京光明日报出版社,2012
 

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4 Responses to 中国豆腐的饮食文化差异与融合

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  1. Wylfred Ng on Jan 14, 2018 at 2:23 pm

    很有趣的文章。 没想到我们日常食用的豆腐尽然有如此大的学问。

    在马来西亚这里黄豆制品处处可见, 也是其中一个蛋白质来源, 尤其是对素食者更是重要。

    谢谢

  2. Stella Cheang on Jan 5, 2018 at 12:32 pm

    As a vegetarian, tofu (beancurd) forms one of my staple diet along, not just because it is tasty but also because it is so versatile. Tofu can be a main dish, a side dish or even be made into sauce. Due to the naturally bland taste, tofu goes with and accentuates the flavour of the dish. And more importantly, it is suitable for any cooking method, and also taste good when chilled or raw! Lovely tofu. Thank you for this wonderful article that let me find out so much about the tofu dishes in China.

  3. Samfoonheei on Jan 3, 2018 at 10:56 am

    Tofu, also known as bean curd, is a food cultivated by coagulating soy milk. And then pressing the resulting curds into soft white blocks. It’s a process which I enjoyed looking at during my childhood days when my neighbour was in tofu business. Tofu is a component in East Asian and Southeast Asian cuisines. Tofu can be soft, firm, or extra firm which has a subtle flavour which I truly loved it and can be used in savory and sweet dishes. To fu has gained popularity over the years especially as a vegetarian- and vegan-approved source of protein. Tofu is a useful source of protein, iron, calcium, and antioxidants. It may have various health benefits, and is a useful meat substitute. High in protein, low in cost, and easy to work with and its one of my favourite food. I love soya milk and tofu pudding as a drink which is rich in nutrients.
    Its wonderful to know of the history of diet culture of tofu. So its originated from China which I did not know about it till I read this article.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this insight tofu knowledge

  4. Alice Tay on Dec 30, 2017 at 12:47 am

    豆腐被视为素食者常吃用的食材之一。豆腐对素食者来说是蛋白质的主要来源之一,而其中的石膏用来制作豆腐皮,是素食者优良的钙质來源。

    谢谢仁波切在此给大家分享有关豆腐的的信息。

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  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 01:18 PM
    Interesting read so so…….Tsem Rinpoche ‘s previous reincarnation was Kentrul Thubten Lamseng. Kentrul Rinpoche Thubten Lamsang was one of the most important disciples of Kyabje Trijang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso. Reincarnation do exists as confirmed in many cases . Both Kentrul Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche have many similarities in so many ways. As such Guru Devotion, spreading Dharma , building of Kechara Forest Retreat , building of Big statues and so forth to benefit more people. Following Guru’s advice coming to Malaysia to a place unheard of to spread Buddhism teachings . We are very fortunate to have Rinpoche in Malaysia and able to learn Dharma. A beautiful write up of a Great Lama where many of us will benefit reading it.
    Thank You Rinpoche and Pastor Jean Ai for sharing this information.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/autobiography/kentrul-thubten-lamsang.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 01:17 PM
    Sakya tradition have been long relyed on Dorje Shugden since the 17 centuries with the 30th Sakya Trizin Sonam Rinchen who enthroned and worshipped Dorje Shugden as a Dharma protector. Its has proven that Gelugpas are not the only sect who practice Dorje Shugden. They are confirmed to have practiced Dorje Shugden. They are have built chapels , composed prayers and pujas to him and even propagated Dorje Shugden practice . They cannot be wrong after all. Dorje Shugden is definitely not evil or spirits , those High Lamas will have the clairvoyance to see the very true nature of Dorje Shugden. That is as Avalokiteshvara, a fully enlightened being which is confirmed by the 39th Sakya Trizin Dragshul Trinley Rinchen. The 31st Sakya Trizin who composed the Dorje Shugden kangsol text is still widely used to this day.
    Interesting read which I do enjoyed reading from time to time to understand more so as to increase my knowledge.
    Thank you Rinpoche and blog team for this interesting write up.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/sakya-trizins-dorje-shugden-prayer.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 02:26 AM
    Thai King, Such A Great Monarch!

    I have admired this great Monarch, leader and Dharmaraja since I first read of him many years back. I do not admire him in a political capacity. I am not into politics nor get involved. My post here on him is not as a political figure. But my admiration for him is as a great human being, a kind hearted person and someone who works for others. My praise of him is as a great human being. He is a great hero for me. I admire people who use their lives for others.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/thai-king-such-a-great-monarch.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 02:16 AM
    Vajra Yogini Daju or self initiation

    Self initiation purifies ones vows taken before, mends them, re affirms them, and powerful to purify many downfalls in general that prevent attainments from one’s practice. Also you may retake your mantra count commitment if it was broken.

    You plant the 4 types of initiations into one’s mindstream. It is necessary for the Lama also to do daju prior to conferring Vajra Yogini’s initiation to others.

    It is a powerful tantric practice to restore one’s practice from time to time to assure success in one’s sadhanas.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/vajra-yogini-daju-or-self-initiation.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 02:12 AM
    Buddhist monastery from 700 AD found

    Kolkata, India — The excavations at Moghalmari, a nondescript village at West Midnapore in West Bengal, recently brought to the fore a gateway complex of the Buddhist monastery, dating to 7th century AD.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/travel/buddhist-monastery-from-700-ad-found.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 02:10 AM
    A Poem to My Teacher…

    A beautiful heartfelt poem written by Rinpoche to his Guru, Kyabje Zong Rinpoche.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/a-poem-to-my-teacher.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 02:04 AM
    Tsongkhapa Retreat Instructions : FOR A POWERFULLY BLESSED TSONGKHAPA RETREAT

    Very detailed instructions for the Lama Tsongkapa retreat.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/tsongkhapa/tsongkhapa-retreat-instructions-and-prayer-text.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 01:58 AM
    Found Some Old Kalmyck Friends

    Wonderful how facebook helped Rinpoche connect with his friends and sparked the fruition of Rinpoche’s autobiography.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/students-friends/found-some-old-kalmyck-friends.html
  • Yee Yin
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:39 AM
    Baha’i faith started in Iran in the early 1800s and ended up with its spiritual locus, by accident of empire in modern Israel. It is a faith that embraces all major religions, positing that God enlightened humankind over the ages by sending prophets – Abraham, Zoroaster, Krishna, the Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad. As noncontroversial as that may seem, it hasn’t prevented Baha’is from being persecuted, mostly in Iran, where they are regarded as apostates. The problem is with the idea that the Creator sent a messenger after Muhammad.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/art-architecture/sanctuary-for-a-persecuted-faith.html
    [no sender]
  • Chris
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:37 AM

    The 16th Karmapa is a highly respected monk due to his high attainments. He is not someone that will simply make remarks or comments on Buddha’s statue if it is not correct or he is not 100% sure. When he asked for the statue to be removed, the Karmapa knows what he is doing.

    Advice from a master who is this caliber should not be taken lightly. The 16th Karmapa is renowned for his attainments and clairvoyance. He should had seen into the future to know what will happen in the future and the how Dorje Shugden will be the best protector for us during this time.

    He could have recommended any other Kagyu protectors but he did not. Now we see how big the Dorje Shugden issue is and everyone who has the merit and affinity to Dorje Shugden will start to grow as well.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/the-prophecy-of-the-16th-karmapa.html

  • Yee Yin
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:30 AM
    After Shakyamuni’s death, practitioners took Buddha’s teachings to East Asia, where the religion still exists today in countries like Mongolia, Korea, China, and Japan. In order to reach East Asia however, these teachers followed the Silk Route, leaving through northern India and traveling into Central Asia, a region of the world which includes countries like Pakistan and Afghanistan.

    Thus as Buddhism migrated eastwards, its practitioners established monasteries and gave teachings in Central Asia. As a result of these teachers, there now many Buddhist sites throughout Pakistan which archaeologists are uncovering every day.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/art-architecture/the-ancient-buddhist-world-of-pakistan.html
    [no sender]
  • chris
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:25 AM
    Thank you, Rinpoche for sharing this article with us. It is amazing to see how intelligent and kind some animals are. Who would have thought that a whale will have the ability to think that the women are in danger and it has to help her?

    This shows that animals have feelings and they do know kindness. They can appreciate and give kindness. That women also have some good karma too. Due to her work to raise awareness for whales, she would have saved alot of whale through her work. Hence, the good karma comes back and saved her life.

    This is also why I am a vegetarian. Other animals have feelings too and they are afraid of dying as well. Why will I want to put animals through the process of suffering just to fill my stomach? That does not make sense.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/whale-saves-woman-from-a-shark.html
  • Chris
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:23 AM
    This is an interesting finding that red meat can shorten our life. From the health point of view, red meat has high cholesterol and animal fat content. Those are actually not good for our body and they can cause a lot of problems when our age catches on and our body can’t heal itself quick enough anymore.

    On the Karma point of view, eating meat is the act of killing. Some might debate saying they are not involved in the killing of the animal directly and hence it is not considered as killing. However, they don’t realize that they are creating causes for the animal to be killed by requesting for its meat. The Butcher will then have to kill the animals to provide the meat for you. Hence, it is still considered as killing but indirectly.

    The karma of killing is very heavy and many are not aware of it. The effect from the karma of killing is where we will have a life where we will have difficulties to stay alive. We will be born in places where there will be alot of disease and not good for living. Hence, it will be better for us to go vegetarianism. The diet of compassion and kindness.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/harvard-proves-eating-red-meat-shortens-lives.html
  • Yee Yin
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:19 AM
    Do you believe there are ghosts, spirits, and beings that we cannot see? I do believe in that. There are people who are born with a third eye and they can see what we cannot. I think it also depends on the ‘frequency’ of the third eye, I found different people can see different types of beings. My cousin was born with a third eye, he sees spirits that look just like a normal human except they are kind of transparent. I have another friend who can also see spirits, she can see spirits that are in human and non-human form.

    What are the different forms unseen beings will manifest? Watch these Japanese movies to learn about the spirit/ghost culture in Japan.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/film-tv-music/kwaidan-japanese-folklore.html
    [no sender]
  • Lin Mun
    Tuesday, Oct 16. 2018 10:40 PM
    Indeed a very important number 4 (Noble Truth) not only for Buddhist but everyone. If we understand the teaching then we will practise the right path and not do any more things that will create more suffering on ourselves. Therefore transforming our mind is very important.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/magic-4.html

1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · »

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I must thank my dharma blog team who are great assets to me, Kechara and growth of dharma in this wonderful region. I am honoured and thrilled to work with them. I really am. Maybe I don't say it enough to them, but I am saying it now. I APPRECIATE THESE GUYS VERY MUCH!

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  Bigfoot, Yeti, Sasquatch

The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
So go pursue all the way with the unknown,
because all unknown with familiarity becomes the known.
~Tsem Rinpoche

Photos On The Go

Click on the images to view the bigger version. And scroll down and click on "View All Photos" to view more images.
The Reasons Why People Who Practice Dorje Shugden Do Not Go To the Three Lower Realms- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSBbFiexCCE
1 week ago
The Reasons Why People Who Practice Dorje Shugden Do Not Go To the Three Lower Realms- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSBbFiexCCE
Very interesting blog post that goes along with this depiction of the Yeti. - https://bit.ly/2E43COF
1 week ago
Very interesting blog post that goes along with this depiction of the Yeti. - https://bit.ly/2E43COF
His Holiness Sharpa Choje Rinpoche Jetsun Lobsang Nyima of Gaden Shartse Monastery. He was a supreme master of both Sutra and Tantra. He served as abbot of both Gaden Shartse Monastery as well as Gyuto Tantric college. After serving as abbot of Gyuto Tantric college he entered into a few long term (3 year, 3 month and 3 day) Vajra Yogini retreats in the forest. He completed that long retreat twice and was going to enter it again till he was asked to be abbot of Gaden Shartse Monastery by H.H. the Dalai Lama. He was a great practitioner of Vajra Yogini\'s tantra as well as Dorje Shugden. He was a scholar of the highest renown and he was highly sought after for teachings. He was very devoted to Dorje Shugden throughout his whole life as a pure monk. I was fortunate enough to have him as one of my teachers. Humbly, Tsem Rinpoche

To read more- https://bit.ly/2zW2Grz
1 week ago
His Holiness Sharpa Choje Rinpoche Jetsun Lobsang Nyima of Gaden Shartse Monastery. He was a supreme master of both Sutra and Tantra. He served as abbot of both Gaden Shartse Monastery as well as Gyuto Tantric college. After serving as abbot of Gyuto Tantric college he entered into a few long term (3 year, 3 month and 3 day) Vajra Yogini retreats in the forest. He completed that long retreat twice and was going to enter it again till he was asked to be abbot of Gaden Shartse Monastery by H.H. the Dalai Lama. He was a great practitioner of Vajra Yogini's tantra as well as Dorje Shugden. He was a scholar of the highest renown and he was highly sought after for teachings. He was very devoted to Dorje Shugden throughout his whole life as a pure monk. I was fortunate enough to have him as one of my teachers. Humbly, Tsem Rinpoche To read more- https://bit.ly/2zW2Grz
Beautiful thangka painting of Lord Yamantaka the slayer of ignorance and who bestows supreme wisdom that eradicates all projections.
1 week ago
Beautiful thangka painting of Lord Yamantaka the slayer of ignorance and who bestows supreme wisdom that eradicates all projections.
Kadroma Metsik Nakmo or Dakini Ucchusma who purifies and heals the body.
1 week ago
Kadroma Metsik Nakmo or Dakini Ucchusma who purifies and heals the body.
I am reciting a daily prayer to Dorje Shugden. Here is the youtube link to the audio- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-OSudd323A
2 weeks ago
I am reciting a daily prayer to Dorje Shugden. Here is the youtube link to the audio- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-OSudd323A
It\'s hard to not fall in love with little cute Pema baby girl. She is so light, happy and wags her tail super fast when she sees us or anyone. Super friendly. She is a heart breaker for sure. Teehee...She is our Kechara Forest Retreat doggie and runs free throughout our sacred land. Her name Pema means lotus. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
It's hard to not fall in love with little cute Pema baby girl. She is so light, happy and wags her tail super fast when she sees us or anyone. Super friendly. She is a heart breaker for sure. Teehee...She is our Kechara Forest Retreat doggie and runs free throughout our sacred land. Her name Pema means lotus. Tsem Rinpoche
My Nepalese boys work hard and I appreciate them. Today we have purchased special foods for them to snack on and also to cook with so they won\'t be so homesick. These foods are all imported from their country. There\'s a street in downtown K.L. that sell all this. So happy to get this for them. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
My Nepalese boys work hard and I appreciate them. Today we have purchased special foods for them to snack on and also to cook with so they won't be so homesick. These foods are all imported from their country. There's a street in downtown K.L. that sell all this. So happy to get this for them. Tsem Rinpoche
I come out of the bathroom to be greeted by the mess the two monsters made...Some more they want snacks! Monster Oser girl and Monster Dharma boy.
4 weeks ago
I come out of the bathroom to be greeted by the mess the two monsters made...Some more they want snacks! Monster Oser girl and Monster Dharma boy.
This blog post has had amazing response. Since published on July 27, 2018, there has been 114,788 views and still increasing. I am happy to see how this post has made things clearer. Do visit this post here-  https://bit.ly/2MATbGe
4 weeks ago
This blog post has had amazing response. Since published on July 27, 2018, there has been 114,788 views and still increasing. I am happy to see how this post has made things clearer. Do visit this post here- https://bit.ly/2MATbGe
His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche with his disciple Kyabje Dagom Rinpoche. Beautiful picture.
4 weeks ago
His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche with his disciple Kyabje Dagom Rinpoche. Beautiful picture.
This monk takes trance of Dorje Shugden and he was happy to receive THE PROMISE book in Tibet
1 month ago
This monk takes trance of Dorje Shugden and he was happy to receive THE PROMISE book in Tibet
Find out about the blessed healing water for health and healing at Kechara Forest Retreat- https://bit.ly/2CtVQNk
1 month ago
Find out about the blessed healing water for health and healing at Kechara Forest Retreat- https://bit.ly/2CtVQNk
This is my ultimate home!!! Blue waters, trees, skies, mountains, house that is open, retreat, meditation, Buddha images and purple flowers. Wow. Such a perfect place for me. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
This is my ultimate home!!! Blue waters, trees, skies, mountains, house that is open, retreat, meditation, Buddha images and purple flowers. Wow. Such a perfect place for me. Tsem Rinpoche
To see other beautiful portrayals of Dorje Shugden, click here: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
1 month ago
To see other beautiful portrayals of Dorje Shugden, click here: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
Severed head Vajra Yogini has a brilliant orange body, orange darting eyes, wearing a necklace of freshly cut human heads firmly standing within a wisdom fire emanating from her sacred body reminding us to cut off our self damaging ego. Without the ego, our sufferings cannot survive and our happiness will arise. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Severed head Vajra Yogini has a brilliant orange body, orange darting eyes, wearing a necklace of freshly cut human heads firmly standing within a wisdom fire emanating from her sacred body reminding us to cut off our self damaging ego. Without the ego, our sufferings cannot survive and our happiness will arise. Tsem Rinpoche
A thought on how to repay the kindness of the guru
1 month ago
A thought on how to repay the kindness of the guru
Very nice old artwork on the Bodha Stupa in Nepal.
1 month ago
Very nice old artwork on the Bodha Stupa in Nepal.
This is quite interesting....
1 month ago
This is quite interesting....
Wonderful statement by His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Although Dorje Shugden is not negative, lets hope His Holiness can apply this to the Shugden issue. Then there will be peace.
1 month ago
Wonderful statement by His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Although Dorje Shugden is not negative, lets hope His Holiness can apply this to the Shugden issue. Then there will be peace.
Left to right: Tritul Rinpoche, Gaden Tripa Rinpoche, Zong Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche in Gaden Shartse Monastic prayer hall during puja.
1 month ago
Left to right: Tritul Rinpoche, Gaden Tripa Rinpoche, Zong Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche in Gaden Shartse Monastic prayer hall during puja.
The oracle of Dorje Shugden Choyang Dulzin Kuten of Gaden making offerings to Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche during a teaching in Gaden Shartse Monastery.
1 month ago
The oracle of Dorje Shugden Choyang Dulzin Kuten of Gaden making offerings to Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche during a teaching in Gaden Shartse Monastery.
Their Holinesses Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche and Kyabje Zong Rinpoche
1 month ago
Their Holinesses Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche and Kyabje Zong Rinpoche
Please click on this picture and see how tragic this is.
1 month ago
Please click on this picture and see how tragic this is.
Advice by His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche- https://bit.ly/2NiryBg
1 month ago
Advice by His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche- https://bit.ly/2NiryBg
Zong Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche in 1987 Los Angeles.
1 month ago
Zong Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche in 1987 Los Angeles.
Beautiful Yamantaka print
1 month ago
Beautiful Yamantaka print
Beautiful and sacred Vajra Yogini painting for you to download free in high file to print out, frame and place on your shrine or share with friends. May you be blessed. Download here: 
 https://bit.ly/2N5zI02
2 months ago
Beautiful and sacred Vajra Yogini painting for you to download free in high file to print out, frame and place on your shrine or share with friends. May you be blessed. Download here: https://bit.ly/2N5zI02
The Fifth Dalai Lama & Dorje Shugden | ༧གོང་ས་ལྔ་པ་ཆེན་པོ་དང་རྡོ་རྗེ་ཤུགས་ལྡན། | 第五世达赖尊者与多杰雄登---read more--- https://bit.ly/2C65Iwr
2 months ago
The Fifth Dalai Lama & Dorje Shugden | ༧གོང་ས་ལྔ་པ་ཆེན་པོ་དང་རྡོ་རྗེ་ཤུགས་ལྡན། | 第五世达赖尊者与多杰雄登---read more--- https://bit.ly/2C65Iwr
My childhood researchers: https://bit.ly/2wroucv
2 months ago
My childhood researchers: https://bit.ly/2wroucv
A message to share. Thanks. Do click and share.
2 months ago
A message to share. Thanks. Do click and share.
Buddhist art has a rich and intricate tradition of expressing the divine iconography of awakened beings.~Tsem Rinpoche

Do enjoy the many wonderful Free Art PDF\'s here- https://bit.ly/2nXjK9T
2 months ago
Buddhist art has a rich and intricate tradition of expressing the divine iconography of awakened beings.~Tsem Rinpoche Do enjoy the many wonderful Free Art PDF's here- https://bit.ly/2nXjK9T
Mumu boy was Tsem Rinpoche\'s little Schnauzer. Partly because of Mumu Kechara was started and you must find out why that is. Do read more and see very cute adorable pictures: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=122472
2 months ago
Mumu boy was Tsem Rinpoche's little Schnauzer. Partly because of Mumu Kechara was started and you must find out why that is. Do read more and see very cute adorable pictures: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=122472
Kamakura is one of my favorite places
2 months ago
Kamakura is one of my favorite places
Anger...
2 months ago
Anger...
In 1989, Bill Porter, also known by his pen name ‘Red Pine’, travelled to the Zhongnan Mountains in China to meet some of these hermits and learn about their way of life. This resulted in his publishing the work titled Road to Heaven: Encounters with Chinese Hermits in 1993. 25 years later, Bill Porter travelled back to the same mountains to see if life there had changed. The outcome of this particular trip was a documentary titled Hermit, about a modern-day journey into the heart of the hermit tradition in China. This is a must watch documentary with so much to learn to enhance our lives which will give us hope as we are all drowning in materialism’s false promises.~Tsem Rinpoche

Fantastic and profound documentary: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=163457
2 months ago
In 1989, Bill Porter, also known by his pen name ‘Red Pine’, travelled to the Zhongnan Mountains in China to meet some of these hermits and learn about their way of life. This resulted in his publishing the work titled Road to Heaven: Encounters with Chinese Hermits in 1993. 25 years later, Bill Porter travelled back to the same mountains to see if life there had changed. The outcome of this particular trip was a documentary titled Hermit, about a modern-day journey into the heart of the hermit tradition in China. This is a must watch documentary with so much to learn to enhance our lives which will give us hope as we are all drowning in materialism’s false promises.~Tsem Rinpoche Fantastic and profound documentary: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=163457
Wrathful Dakini Ucchusma-In the form of wrathful dakini, Ucchusma has 3 eyes; with both hands holding a vase with nectar at her heart level, her hair loose, and no ornaments. She wears a garment of black silk, with two legs, feet together, standing on a lotus and sun disc. This deity functions to remove negative energy and pollutions from body, speech and mind. The practice was conferred by a Dakini to Drupangsa. -Mantra: Om ar-kham zir-kam bu-ma-na-se ou-cus-ha-ma ma-ha tro-da hung phet
2 months ago
Wrathful Dakini Ucchusma-In the form of wrathful dakini, Ucchusma has 3 eyes; with both hands holding a vase with nectar at her heart level, her hair loose, and no ornaments. She wears a garment of black silk, with two legs, feet together, standing on a lotus and sun disc. This deity functions to remove negative energy and pollutions from body, speech and mind. The practice was conferred by a Dakini to Drupangsa. -Mantra: Om ar-kham zir-kam bu-ma-na-se ou-cus-ha-ma ma-ha tro-da hung phet
Tibetan Painted Scrolls Volumes 1-3 in original print is something very rare and expensive to come by. I really like these very much from what I can see.
2 months ago
Tibetan Painted Scrolls Volumes 1-3 in original print is something very rare and expensive to come by. I really like these very much from what I can see.
Kechara Forest Retreat doing the extended puja of Dorje Shugden and Tsem Rinpoche attends the 2nd half. Good video to download: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-an_NAH6Mk
2 months ago
Kechara Forest Retreat doing the extended puja of Dorje Shugden and Tsem Rinpoche attends the 2nd half. Good video to download: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-an_NAH6Mk
A powerful meme to share.
2 months ago
A powerful meme to share.
Beautiful Avalokitesvara scroll painting.
2 months ago
Beautiful Avalokitesvara scroll painting.
Black Garuda. 18th century. U (Central Tibet). Tradition Gelug
2 months ago
Black Garuda. 18th century. U (Central Tibet). Tradition Gelug
Palden Lhamo. 18th century. Tibet. Tradition: Gelug
2 months ago
Palden Lhamo. 18th century. Tibet. Tradition: Gelug
Dorje Jigje. 15th century. Narthang, Tsang (South-Central Tibet). Tradition: Sakya
2 months ago
Dorje Jigje. 15th century. Narthang, Tsang (South-Central Tibet). Tradition: Sakya
The oracle of Dorje Shugden in Dungkar Monastery in Tibet. Very old vintage photo from 1923 by an English Earl Lord Ronaldshay in his book, \"Land Of The Thunderbolt Sikkim, Chunbi & Bhutan\". This Lord met up with Dorje Shugden via the oracle. He devotes a chapter in his book about this oracle and encounter.
2 months ago
The oracle of Dorje Shugden in Dungkar Monastery in Tibet. Very old vintage photo from 1923 by an English Earl Lord Ronaldshay in his book, "Land Of The Thunderbolt Sikkim, Chunbi & Bhutan". This Lord met up with Dorje Shugden via the oracle. He devotes a chapter in his book about this oracle and encounter.
Beautiful old photograph of the Kamakura Buddha in Japan.
2 months ago
Beautiful old photograph of the Kamakura Buddha in Japan.
Never before seen footage of Tsem Rinpoche with various oracles- https://bit.ly/292jMaG
2 months ago
Never before seen footage of Tsem Rinpoche with various oracles- https://bit.ly/292jMaG
In around 2 weeks, there are over 30k views already! Videos are great! Must watch!- https://bit.ly/2K0gNhB
2 months ago
In around 2 weeks, there are over 30k views already! Videos are great! Must watch!- https://bit.ly/2K0gNhB
Click on "View All Photos" above to view more images

Videos On The Go

Please click on the images to watch video
  • In a low-income neighbourhood, this man is growing his own organic produce, and giving extras away for free to neighbours who can’t afford fresh ingredients from the store. Must watch!
    4 hours ago
    In a low-income neighbourhood, this man is growing his own organic produce, and giving extras away for free to neighbours who can’t afford fresh ingredients from the store. Must watch!
  • Neat little video
    yesterday
    Neat little video
  • It is nice to see sangha release animals into the wild. Gen Kunchok Palden and Chodrak contributed to releasing of frogs back into the wild. This is wonderful. Compassion is the mainstay of all spirituality. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 week ago
    It is nice to see sangha release animals into the wild. Gen Kunchok Palden and Chodrak contributed to releasing of frogs back into the wild. This is wonderful. Compassion is the mainstay of all spirituality. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This is a special ‘carpet’ for dogs that you hide their snacks and they have to go digging for it. It is challenging and fun where they use their nose, paws and all to dig and find the snacks in between. This dog play carpet is ordered online. You can see little Zopa baby who is a Kechara resident doggie looking for the snacks in this cute video. She is kept busy and entertained! Tsem Rinpoche
    1 week ago
    This is a special ‘carpet’ for dogs that you hide their snacks and they have to go digging for it. It is challenging and fun where they use their nose, paws and all to dig and find the snacks in between. This dog play carpet is ordered online. You can see little Zopa baby who is a Kechara resident doggie looking for the snacks in this cute video. She is kept busy and entertained! Tsem Rinpoche
  • Kechara Forest Retreat in Bentong, Malaysia’s dog Pema is super adorable and cute. Everyone loves her. She is wearing a Manjushri blessing pendant.
    1 month ago
    Kechara Forest Retreat in Bentong, Malaysia’s dog Pema is super adorable and cute. Everyone loves her. She is wearing a Manjushri blessing pendant.
  • Spontaneous trance in Tibet by powerful healing Protector Dorje Shugden of a monk who usually takes trance.
    1 month ago
    Spontaneous trance in Tibet by powerful healing Protector Dorje Shugden of a monk who usually takes trance.
  • 喀切玛波向詹杜固仁波切献供养
    1 month ago
    喀切玛波向詹杜固仁波切献供养
    喀切玛波护法降神,向詹杜固仁波切献供曼扎及身语意之供养,同时也加持马来西亚克切拉禅修林道场。喀切玛波护法乃古时候的紫玛护法,他是藏地首座佛教寺院桑耶寺的护法神
  • Huge Chenresig statue being built. Very beautiful.
    1 month ago
    Huge Chenresig statue being built. Very beautiful.
  • Sacred Kache Marpo in trance of oracle makes offerings to Tsem Rinpoche and blesses the temple in Kechara Forest Retreat in Malaysia. Kache Marpo in ancient times was known as Tsiu Marpo the great protector of Samye Monastery which is the first monastery of Tibet.
    1 month ago
    Sacred Kache Marpo in trance of oracle makes offerings to Tsem Rinpoche and blesses the temple in Kechara Forest Retreat in Malaysia. Kache Marpo in ancient times was known as Tsiu Marpo the great protector of Samye Monastery which is the first monastery of Tibet.
  • Shugden practice in Tibet strong and growing
    2 months ago
    Shugden practice in Tibet strong and growing
  • It is Tsunmo Nunnery in Tibet. This nunnery all practise Dorje Shugden.
    2 months ago
    It is Tsunmo Nunnery in Tibet. This nunnery all practise Dorje Shugden.
  • Light offerings to the outdoor Buddha Tara shrine in Kechara Forest Retreat, Malaysia at night. Beautiful.
    2 months ago
    Light offerings to the outdoor Buddha Tara shrine in Kechara Forest Retreat, Malaysia at night. Beautiful.
  • Interesting new interview of Boy George where he mentions about his practicing Buddhism- See the clip I snagged for you above. It’s beautiful to see him chanting. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    Interesting new interview of Boy George where he mentions about his practicing Buddhism- See the clip I snagged for you above. It’s beautiful to see him chanting. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Dharma boy is always mooching for a free snack! As shown in the video, Dharma gave up real fast and is waiting anxiously for a free snack!
    3 months ago
    Dharma boy is always mooching for a free snack! As shown in the video, Dharma gave up real fast and is waiting anxiously for a free snack!
  • Oser girl is very determined to get the snacks out! Look at how her cute little hands hold onto the ball.
    3 months ago
    Oser girl is very determined to get the snacks out! Look at how her cute little hands hold onto the ball.
  • Yudroma takes trance at Gyuto
    3 months ago
    Yudroma takes trance at Gyuto
    In Dharamsala there is a famous oracle to the Goddess Yudroma. She is the protector of Gyuto Tantric Monastic College. Many monks consult her for guidance. Here she is attending a puja session at Gyuto Tantric Monastic College where she is pleased with the people helping the monastery and takes trance spontaneously to express this. Tsem Rinpoche
  • The Simpsons: Lisa becomes a Buddhist
    3 months ago
    The Simpsons: Lisa becomes a Buddhist
  • Considering getting a tattoo of a Buddha image? Watch this video.
    3 months ago
    Considering getting a tattoo of a Buddha image? Watch this video.
  • Tsem Rinpoche’s personal shrine. May everyone who view the shrine be blessed and have peace.
    3 months ago
    Tsem Rinpoche’s personal shrine. May everyone who view the shrine be blessed and have peace.
  • Very powerful and heartwarming short video about love. A must watch and a must share. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    Very powerful and heartwarming short video about love. A must watch and a must share. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Megnath is such a devotee of Bhagawan Dorje Shugden where he brought this protector to many people. Must watch this short video of him with the school kids. Lovely. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    Megnath is such a devotee of Bhagawan Dorje Shugden where he brought this protector to many people. Must watch this short video of him with the school kids. Lovely. Tsem Rinpoche
  • My super adorable Oser girl Schnauzer reaching for a carrot on a chair. Her face looks like a stuffed animal toy. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    My super adorable Oser girl Schnauzer reaching for a carrot on a chair. Her face looks like a stuffed animal toy. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This is the shrine next to my working table where I sit daily. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    This is the shrine next to my working table where I sit daily. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Who is that?? Wow Wow
    3 months ago
    Who is that?? Wow Wow
    Tsem Rinpoche's pet Schnauzers Oser & Dharma trying to get attention of the life-like statue of Rinpoche's guru Kyabje Zong Rinpoche which was offered by the students
  • Nothing Stops Me from Getting the Snack!
    3 months ago
    Nothing Stops Me from Getting the Snack!
    Tsem Rinpoche's pet Schnauzer Oser got the snack from the ball!
  • I must get the snack!
    3 months ago
    I must get the snack!
    Tsem Rinpoche's pet Schnauzer Oser trying hard to get her snack out of the ball!
  • I love this green snack munch munch munch
    3 months ago
    I love this green snack munch munch munch
    Tsem Rinpoche's pet Schnauzer Oser enjoying her green snack!
  • ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 3: Starring the two silly doggie clowns doing jumps for carrot tidbits. Teehee
    3 months ago
    ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 3: Starring the two silly doggie clowns doing jumps for carrot tidbits. Teehee
  • ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 2: Starring the mega monsters Oser and Dharma. Teehee
    3 months ago
    ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 2: Starring the mega monsters Oser and Dharma. Teehee
  • ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 1: Guess what are the two monsters looking for??? Teehee…cute
    3 months ago
    ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 1: Guess what are the two monsters looking for??? Teehee…cute
  • This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    12 months ago
    This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    This video is thought-provoking and very interesting. Watch! Thanks so much to our friends at LIVEKINDLY.
  • Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
    12 months ago
    Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
  • BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
    12 months ago
    BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
  • Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
    12 months ago
    Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
  • Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
    12 months ago
    Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
  • Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
    12 months ago
    Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    12 months ago
    This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    she received “one last visit from an old friend” 💔💔
  • Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
    12 months ago
    Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
  • Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
    12 months ago
    Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
  • Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant  Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
    1 years ago
    Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
  • Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
    1 years ago
    Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
  • Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 years ago
    Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
  • What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    1 years ago
    What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    Sick animals are more profitable... farms calculate how close to death they can keep animals without killing them. That's the business model. How quickly they can be made to grow, how tightly they can be packed, how much or how little can they eat, how sick they can get without dying... We live in a world in which it's conventional to treat an animal like a block of wood. ~ Jonathan Safran Foer
  • This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
    1 years ago
    This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
  • SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    1 years ago
    SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    This happens daily in slaughterhouse so you can get your pork and Bak ku teh. Stop eating meat.

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CHAT PICTURES

The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
The stone art returned back to the students after teacher Wong Yew Kien done spay on met protection coatings.thank you teacher Kien and students's effort the stone art are so nice and colorful.By Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The stone art returned back to the students after teacher Wong Yew Kien done spay on met protection coatings.thank you teacher Kien and students's effort the stone art are so nice and colorful.By Asyley Chia KSDS
The stone art returned back to the students after teacher Wong Yew Kien done spay on met protection coatings.thank you teacher Kien and students's effort the stone art are so nice and colorful. by Asyley Chia KSDS
22 hours ago
The stone art returned back to the students after teacher Wong Yew Kien done spay on met protection coatings.thank you teacher Kien and students's effort the stone art are so nice and colorful. by Asyley Chia KSDS
三代同堂,修行学佛, 克切拉是个好地方。 感谢詹杜古仁波切创办了克切拉, 让我们修心学佛。By Asyley Chia KSDS
23 hours ago
三代同堂,修行学佛, 克切拉是个好地方。 感谢詹杜古仁波切创办了克切拉, 让我们修心学佛。By Asyley Chia KSDS
Teacher Melinda teach group 2 to 6year old..The students like her very much.By Asyley Chia KSDS
24 hours ago
Teacher Melinda teach group 2 to 6year old..The students like her very much.By Asyley Chia KSDS
2 to 6 year old students concentrate on jataka tales.by Asyley Chia KSDS
24 hours ago
2 to 6 year old students concentrate on jataka tales.by Asyley Chia KSDS
Get your hands involved in the land, KFR Saturday ~ Wai Meng
yesterday
Get your hands involved in the land, KFR Saturday ~ Wai Meng
Awesome sharing by Abby Foo on Tsem Rinpoche's bio, Saturday at KFR ~ Wai Meng
yesterday
Awesome sharing by Abby Foo on Tsem Rinpoche's bio, Saturday at KFR ~ Wai Meng
We also collect old books. KEP-Serena
2 days ago
We also collect old books. KEP-Serena
We are done and complete load all recyclable items into truck. Do visit us next month second Sunday with any old or unused items at your home/office which it is recyclabled one. KEP-Serena
2 days ago
We are done and complete load all recyclable items into truck. Do visit us next month second Sunday with any old or unused items at your home/office which it is recyclabled one. KEP-Serena
We are doing recycling activity at Sunway Mas Field, PJ every month second Sunday. Do not miss it. KEP-Serena
2 days ago
We are doing recycling activity at Sunway Mas Field, PJ every month second Sunday. Do not miss it. KEP-Serena
All recycled items is loaded into the truck. Thank you for the helps from KSK volunteers and Icycle. KEP-Serena
4 days ago
All recycled items is loaded into the truck. Thank you for the helps from KSK volunteers and Icycle. KEP-Serena
We are helping each other to get all the recycled items into the truck. Team work make things happen. KEP-Serena
4 days ago
We are helping each other to get all the recycled items into the truck. Team work make things happen. KEP-Serena
Even though it is raining, still KSK-Loh are helping to move the glass bottles to truck. KEP-Serena
4 days ago
Even though it is raining, still KSK-Loh are helping to move the glass bottles to truck. KEP-Serena
Teacher Callista sharing one of the Jataka Tales with students. Lin Mun KSDS
4 days ago
Teacher Callista sharing one of the Jataka Tales with students. Lin Mun KSDS
Teacher Melinda is a caring teacher and she is now teaching the students of 2-6 years old. Lin Mun KSDS
4 days ago
Teacher Melinda is a caring teacher and she is now teaching the students of 2-6 years old. Lin Mun KSDS
The Promise
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