The Devil

By | Feb 20, 2017 | Views: 894
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Introduction

“Hell is empty and all the devils are here.”
– William Shakespeare

The image of the Devil per the Codex Gigas (also known as The Devil's Bible) created in the 12th Century by a Benedictine monk in what is now the modern day Czech Republic.

The image of the Devil per the Codex Gigas (also known as The Devil’s Bible) created in the 12th Century by a Benedictine monk in what is now the modern day Czech Republic.

A Brief History of the Devil

The Devil, which is the universal symbol of all things wicked, heinous, corrupt and destructive is ever present in the awareness of the people of all cultures today. So common is the knowledge of the Devil that one imagines that this embodiment of evil has existed from the beginning of time itself. Strangely, before the emergence of Western monotheistic (a single all-powerful God) ideas, there was in fact no concept of a singular ‘lord’ of evil, no cosmic enemy and no Devil or Satan. There were gods of darkness, death, the underworld and other things that we could associate with ‘evil’ but no single and exclusive embodiment of all things nefarious and beastly as the biblical ‘Satan’.

In Western monotheistic traditions which covers Judaism, Christianity and Islam, a central figure which is known as The Devil is believed to be behind all that is wrong and malefic in the world. In other words the primary role of the Devil, in its various manifestations in these faiths, is to create a rejection of God and spiritual attainment, and the embrace instead of our present secular world characterised by avarice, conflict, desire and materialism. The Devil is portrayed as being the engineer of all undesirable things – pain, disease, natural disasters, mental instability and other evil and “negative” elements.

Eastern traditions and religions on the other hand are primarily polytheistic (presence of multiple gods) in nature, with many gods and goddesses possessing both dark sides as well as good ones. A large proportion of deities in the pantheon of Eastern religions are capable of both good and evil, and can equally bestow fortune or inflict injury depending on whether you were on their good or bad side and these sides are in turn given individual names and personification. There is no clear dichotomy of good and evil as is the case in Western religions and the concept of the Devil/Satan has historically been a Western one.

 

A brief history of good and evil

Chalk drawing depicting Ahura Mazda, the Winged God and embodiment of good, and Angra Mainyu (Ahriman) who was the embodiment of evil.

Chalk drawing depicting Ahura Mazda, the Winged God and embodiment of good, and Angra Mainyu (Ahriman) who was the embodiment of evil.

In almost all languages today we find expressions and words denoting ‘good’ and ‘bad’. It follows that in civilisations and communities with such expressions, there is a moral divide and the concepts of “right versus wrong” and “good versus bad” are distinctive and absolute.

During the ancient or early historic period of civilisations a clear example of the crystallisation of “good versus evil” ideal is seen in eastern ancient Persia, almost 3000 years ago. A religious philosopher named Zoroaster simplified the pantheon of early Iranian gods into two opposing forces: Ahura Mazda (Illuminating Wisdom) and Angra Mainyu (Destructive Spirit), both of whom are in conflict with one another.

At the same time when Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu took shape as opposing entities, the West similarly witnessed the formation of a “good versus evil” notion in religions. Around 400 BC, during the Greco-Roman period, words describing “bad, cowardly” and “good, brave, capable” in their absolute sense started to emerge, as reflected in the thinking of pre-Socratic philosophers like Democritus the Greek. During their time, this “good and evil” dichotomy morphed from being a relative concept to an absolute one and over time, polarised into extremes giving rise to the dualistic belief that the material world should be shunned and the spiritual world embraced. Thus monotheism was born.

Another depiction by Zoroaster between the two opposing forces - Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu. Interestingly, evil was not depicted in the form of the Devil as we have come to know.

Another depiction by Zoroaster between the two opposing forces – Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu. Interestingly, evil was not depicted in the form of the Devil as we have come to know.

Moving into the Medieval Era, the “good versus evil” duality was shaped primarily by early Christian theologians, St Augustine of Hippo (Algeria) and St Thomas Aquinas (Italy). According to St Augustine of Hippo, sin was “a word, deed, or desire that stands in opposition to the eternal law of God”. Today, we see the basic contrast being defined along these lines – “good” is a broad concept often associated with life, kindness, charity, happiness, love and justice whereas bad or evil is often associated with conscious and deliberate wrongdoing, discrimination designed to harm others, humiliation of people designed to diminish their psychological needs and dignity, destructiveness and acts of unnecessary and indiscriminate violence.

Differing views also exist as to why evil might arise. Many religious and philosophical traditions claim that evil behaviour is an aberration that results from the imperfect human condition. Sometimes, evil is attributed to the existence of free will. Some argue that evil itself is ultimately based on an ignorance of truth. A variety of thinkers from the Enlightenment period of history suggested that evil is learned as a consequence of tyrannical social structures. Interestingly, there never was a single and agreed source of evil.

Saint Augustine of Hippo who developed many theories and philosophy that impacted the medieval world view

Saint Augustine of Hippo who developed many theories and philosophy that impacted the medieval world view

 

‘Evil’ by Western interpretations

The concept of a single deity representing evil, such as Satan or the Devil, highlights the difference between Western monotheistic religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam) and Eastern religions such as Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism.

What most people mean today by the Devil is a concept that is at home only in Western monotheistic religions. In fact, the Devil is only really possible in these religions because the very nature of this character is as an antagonist or adversary to a single God. The essence of this being is that he is the negative counterpart to God. Here are some examples of how the Devil functions in these religions.

In the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament) a malevolent force is called a satan (Hebrew for “adversary”) and though he rarely appears in the texts, one may locate him in the first chapter of Job trying to undermine Job’s credibility and thereby God’s discernment. In truth, Satan makes scant appearance prior to the New Testament (known to have been in existence since 70 AD to 96 AD) and in fact there is no mention of Satan in Genesis which was written roughly in 700 to 600 BC.

In the Christian New Testament, the imagery of the Devil takes on a much clearer shape as Satan and he attempts to counteract God’s work of redemption at every point. The Gospels speak of Satan’s testing of Jesus in the wilderness. In Mark, he is named as Satan. In Matthew and Luke, he is the “tester” or “the Devil”. In Luke, the Devil promises Jesus worldly glory if the Son of God would pay proper homage to him. In Luke 10, Jesus comments that he has seen Satan “fallen like lightning from the sky”, a reference similar to the fall of Lucifer in Isaiah that is probably a prophecy of a fall to come, not one that occurred in the past. Luke also states that Satan entered into Judas to induce him to betray Jesus. The Gospel of John makes several references to the Devil. In the first, he is the “man killer from the beginning” who does not stand for truth, a reference often taken to refer to the serpent in the Garden of Eden. Jesus refers to him as the Ruler of the World.

The temptation of the Son of God by Satan, as depicted in the New Testament

The temptation of the Son of God by Satan, as depicted in the New Testament

The Devil and Satan are both mentioned in reference to entering into the heart of Judas. The Epistles refer to both the Devil and Satan. Paul refers to Satan by name as obstructing his efforts to spread the gospel, as a tester of men’s morals and faith, and as an agent of punishment for the wicked. In 2 Corinthians 2.10 – 11, Paul indicates that Satan has his own designs on the world, and that forgiveness will outwit Satan. In the same letter, Paul urges people to be on guard against Satan, who can disguise himself as an angel of light.

In Judaism, the concept of the Devil as the head of the realm of darkness developed slowly. The Hebrew Bible mentioned the “Morning Star” that had fallen from heaven or “cast down to earth” (in Isaiah). “Morning Star” has been widely translated into Latin as ‘Lucifer’ (Light-bearer). By the 1st Century BC, this concept had evolved and become associated directly with the figure of Satan as having been the same as Lucifer, now seen as a fallen archangel.

There is also a Devil in Islam and he is called Iblis as well as Shaitan and the Qur’an tells us that he was too proud to bow down before God’s creation (Adam) as God had instructed (Qur’an 2:34).

Muslims regard the Devil not as a counterpart to God, but rather merely a fallen angel who chose pride over God. But there is in fact a twist. By some interpretations, Shaitan in fact has God’s permission to use temptation to test souls. He has no power over those who love God, and is most potent against those who have relinquished their belief in the one God. The Devil is therefore part of Allah’s grand scheme and is part of His plan which involves testing and punishment.

The Shaitan or Iblis in the Qur'an is a creation of Allah (God) as part of his grand scheme

The Shaitan or Iblis in the Qur’an is a creation of Allah (God) as part of his grand scheme

Iblis is mentioned nine times in the Qur’an, the central religious text of Islam revealed to the prophet Muhammad gradually over a period of 23 years from 609 CE to 632 CE. Seven of these nine references concern his fall from God’s grace.

Islamic scholars frequently discuss the essence of Iblis. Because he was in heaven and among the angels, some believe he could be an angel. But otherwise, he is called a djinn, or a spirit of lower rank than the angels, in Surah 18:50. Academics who reject the angelic nature of Iblis argue if he were an angel, he would not disobey God´s command. Again, there is an absence of a definitive nature of the the Shaitan or Devil.

Interestingly, in all cultures and religions that acknowledge the Devil, he is regarded as a creature who owes his very existence to the fact that God made him, but he does not let this fact stand in the way of his making himself God’s adversary whenever possible. These religions differ in the degrees of power they ascribe to the Devil but all share a basic fundamental opposition to the forces of ‘good’.

Nowhere is Satan and the Devil seen in such clear definition as the personification of evil and the head of all demonic elements than in the New Testament of the Christian religion. At some point – the origin is unclear – Satan becomes the ruler of hell and the chief tormenter of souls of the dead. This concept was more firmly cemented by way of literature such as those authored by Dante (14th Century) and John Milton (18th Century). In any case, from the 16th Century onwards the Devil took singular form and assumed the role as tempter of Man.

However, by the coming of the 18th Century the depiction of the Devil as a single and all-powerful embodiment of evil was seen as somewhat antiquarian and superstitious by leading theologians. As argued by the influential German minister of the reformed (Protestant) church Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (1768-1834), the previous understanding of Satan as the prince of darkness was ‘unenlightened’ as according to him and his contemporaries at the time, Satan did not exist except to be used as a convenient metaphor to evil.

The dawn of the 20th Century saw again the rising emergence of Satan, partly as a result of the increase of fundamentalism in Christianity as well as a deepening interest of demonic possession and exorcism in popular culture.

 

‘Evil’ by Eastern interpretations

In Hinduism, Buddhism and other Eastern traditions there is a fundamental ambiguity underlying the concept of the Devil. In brief, there is no such singular personification of an adversary of a powerful one-God because such definitions are simply absent in these traditions.

For example, within the Hindu pantheon, there is an army of spirits but no one Devil. Indian religions, including Hinduism as well as Buddhism and Jainism, espouse a universe populated by many spirits and elementals. There are spirits that live on the lowest rungs of the cosmos in hell, there are hungry ghosts that roam the earth, there are the many spirits that reside in homes, rice fields and forests. Then there are also the mighty and sometimes malevolent spirits, called the Asuras who possesses great power.

In some of the earliest writings of Hinduism, there were two kinds of divine beings – the Devas (gods) and the Asuras (lords). Originally there was no particular distinction between them as being good or evil, but the stories about them include warfare and the Devas are certain to triumph over the Asuras. For example, the Deva Indra defeated the Asura Varuna. As Hindu thought developed the Asuras assumed increasingly malicious roles, causing harm and creating conflict with the Devas. In the epic poems and the puranas, Asuras were the enemies of the great heroes, such as the evil Lord Ravana who was defeated by Rama and his able assistant Hanuman.

Battle scene between the armies of the Devas and the Asuras (University of Oxford, England)

Battle scene between the armies of the Devas and the Asuras (University of Oxford, England)

A modern painting of the Asura Lord Ravana, the main antagonist in the Ramayana

A modern painting of the Asura Lord Ravana, the main antagonist in the Ramayana

But here’s the twist – one should not think of the Asuras as essentially and thoroughly evil. They frequently conducted evil activities and there is no question that they were the enemies of the Devas. Still, in the end they were only after the same thing as the Devas, namely power and glory. It is also essential to note that the Devas themselves are morally vague. When one reads the stories of Indra, Shiva, Krishna and not to mention the blood-thirsty Kali, one realises that the gods are not necessarily all that pleasant either. Generally speaking, Devas “act” better than the Asuras but they do not carry all-good positions, just as the Asuras are not truly all-evil.

In terms of Buddhism, many supernatural creatures populate Buddhist literature, but among these Mara is unique. He is one of the earliest non-human beings to appear in Buddhist scriptures as an “evil” spirit who played a significant role in Buddha’s ascension to enlightenment. He is the god of lightning, seduction, temptation, sensuality and death.
Before he became the Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama in his final watch sat in meditation and Mara brought his most beautiful daughters to seduce Siddhartha. Siddhartha however remained focused in meditation. Mara then sent vast armies of monsters to attack him. Yet Siddhartha sat still, untouched. Finally, Mara claimed that the seat of enlightenment rightfully belonged to him and not to the mortal Siddhartha. As Siddhartha reached out his right hand to touch the earth, Mara disappeared. And as the morning star rose in the sky, Siddhartha Gautama became Buddha, the Enlightened One.

Various depictions of Mara attacking the Buddha. However, in Buddhism Mara is not regarded as the primary embodiment of evil. In fact, in the Buddhist religion, both good and evil rest within the practitioner.

Various depictions of Mara attacking the Buddha. However, in Buddhism Mara is not regarded as the primary embodiment of evil. In fact, in the Buddhist religion, both good and evil rest within the practitioner.

Is Mara the Buddhist equivalent of Satan? Although there are some obvious parallels between Mara and the Devil or Satan of monotheistic religions, there are also many significant differences. Mara is a relatively minor figure in Buddhist mythology compared to Satan. Satan is the Lord of Hell in the monotheistic religions whereas Mara is the lord only of the highest Deva heaven of the Desire world of Triloka, an allegorical representation of reality adapted from Hinduism. One may even argue that Mara served the Lord Buddha by manifesting seduction, temptation and warfare to attack Buddha and in turn precipitate his enlightenment.

 

“Evil” in early history interpretations

Ancient mythologies, generally speaking, share common traits with Eastern polytheistic religions e.g. Hinduism and Buddhism, where the morality of the gods and goddesses are somewhat ambiguous and lacking in clear demarcations. Good and evil in that period is relative, not absolute. Sumerian, Egyptian and Greek religions provide clear examples of this thought.

 

Sumer

Sumer was the first urban civilisation in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia, in what is now modern-day southern Iraq and it was arguably the first civilisation in the world alongside Ancient Egypt. The Sumerian belief systems influenced Mesopotamian mythology as a whole and survived the mythologies and religions of the Akkadians (Babylonians and Assyrians) and other culture groups.

In the Sumerian belief there is no imagery of Satan, the Devil or any kind of single all-powerful deity ruling an array of evil spirits. These evil spirits often serve as agents of ill tidings leading to catharsis, renewal and revitalisation.

In Sumerian and Akkadian mythology, the Gallus were great demons that hauled unfortunate victims off to the underworld. They were one of seven devils of Babylonian theology that could be appeased by the sacrifice of a lamb at the altar. One of the most well known gallu was known as Asag (Asakku), that would attache itself to human beings and kill them with fever and diseases related to the head. Asag is also mentioned in the Sumerian poem Lugale – his depiction was hideously rendered and he possessed the power to make fish boil in their rivers. The poem tells of how Asag battled the hero Ninurta and was defeated. This allowed Ninurta to organise the world and use stones to construct the mountains so that streams and lakes flow into the Tigris and Euphrates thereby aiding irrigation for agriculture, leading to ideal environments for permanent settlement and thereby civilisation taking root.

A stone relief depicting the hero Ninurta defeating Asag, also known as Assaku

A stone relief depicting the hero Ninurta defeating Asag, also known as Assaku

Amongst the the most powerful Sumerian demons is the Maskim who are a collection of seven demons regarded as the princes of hell. Maskim means “ensnarer” or “layers of ambush”. Azza, Azazel and Mephistopheles are among the Maskim. Sumerian descriptions of the Maskim say that they have the ability to disrupt planets and cosmic order. They can cause earthquakes and alter the course of the stars in the sky. They have also been known to attack humans with the most severe evil and spells.

Azazel, a powerful Sumerian demon but not regarded as an equivalent to Satan in the Christian religion

Azazel, a powerful Sumerian demon but not regarded as an equivalent to Satan in the Christian religion

 

Ancient Egypt

In Ancient Egypt, which formed around 3150 BC, beliefs in the divine and the afterlife were ingrained in ancient Egyptian civilisation from its inception; pharaonic rule was based on the divine right of kings. The Egyptian pantheon was populated by gods who had supernatural powers and were called upon to help or protect. However, the gods were not always viewed as benevolent. Egyptian gods embodied qualities of both good and evil, but the god Set personified more of the dark side than others.

Set or Seth was a Lord of the desert, storms, disorder, violence and foreigners in ancient Egyptian religion. In Ancient Greek, the god’s name was given as Sēth. Set was not a god to be avoided or shunned – though he was a dark force, he also held positive roles in ancient Egypt and Greece.

Set (left) with Horus (right) worshipping the Crown Prince Ramesses (Abu Simbel, Egypt)

Set (left) with Horus (right) worshipping the Crown Prince Ramesses (Abu Simbel, Egypt)

All around ancient Egypt were monuments erected in worship of Set, referring to him as “the powerful one of Thebes,” and “Ruler of the South”. Set’s pictures are easily recognised by his long, erect and square-tipped ears and his proboscis-like snout, which are said to indicate the head of a fabulous animal called the Oryx.

As an enemy to life, Set was identified with all forms of destruction. “He was the waning of the moon, the decrease of the waters of the Nile, and the setting of the sun”. But he was not alike Satan or any kind of evil deity. He was officially worshipped in a province west of the Nile, the starting point of the road to the northern oasis. The inhabitants, who were shepherds and guides to desert caravans, had good reasons to remain on friendly terms with the Lord of the desert. They regarded Set, or Sutech, as the only true God, the sole deity who alone was worthy of receiving divine honours. A great temple was also devoted to Set, as the god of war, in Tanis, near the swamps between the eastern branches of the Delta, an important town of the frontier.

Set was revered as the god of irresistible power, brute force, war, destruction as well as protection. Set was employed by the sun god Ra on his solar boat to repel the serpent of Chaos known as Apep. Set also held a vital role as a reconciled combatant and as he was Lord of the desert, he was the balance to Horus’s role as Lord of the black land (soil). In spite of the terror which he inspired, Set was originally not merely an evil demon but one of the great deities, who, as such, was feared and propitiated.

The pharaoh and second king of the 19th dynasty of Egypt Seti I (1294 BC to 1279 BC) derived his name from Set as a sign of high honour in which he was held among the shepherd kings.

 

Ancient Greece

Greek mythology features a religion and folklore with forces of both good and evil. In the pantheons of gods and goddesses, they are both benevolent and malevolent, and though some are mostly evil they are seldom completely so. The job of the more malevolent gods and goddesses is to tear things down via disaster, illness and death – they are essential in the eternal cycle of life, death and rebirth.

An ancient statue of Hades alongside Cerberus, the hound and guard of the Underworld gates

An ancient statue of Hades alongside Cerberus, the hound and guard of the Underworld gates

In Greek mythology the Underworld is where souls go after death, and is the original Greek idea of afterlife. At the moment of death the soul is separated from the corpse, taking on the shape of the former person, and is transported to the entrance of the Underworld. The Underworld itself is described as being either at the outer bounds of the ocean or beneath the depths or ends of the earth. It is considered the dark counterpart to the brightness of Mount Olympus, and is the kingdom of the dead that corresponds to the kingdom of the gods.

As ancient Greek mythology carry neither wholly good or wholly bad gods and goddesses, the most Devil-like character of the ancient Greek pantheon would be Hades, the eldest son of titans Cronus and Rhea and brother to Zeus and Poseidon. When the three brothers divided the world between themselves, Zeus received the heavens, Poseidon the sea and Hades the underworld. While Hades’s responsibility was in the underworld, he was allowed to have power on earth as well.

In art and literature Hades is depicted as stern and dignified, but not a fierce torturer or Satan-like in the least. However, he was considered the enemy to all life and was hated by both the gods and men; sacrifices and prayers did not appease him so mortals rarely tried. Though he ruled the underworld he was a benevolent keeper and exercised hospitality to the dead – there is no record of Hades tormenting those in the underworld. In Greek society, many viewed Hades as the least liked god and even the gods had an aversion towards him.

 

The origin of the Devil as “the horned beast”

Levi's famed Baphomet or Sabbatical Goat. The arms bear the Latin terms 'Solve' (meaning ‘to separate’) and 'Coagula' (meaning ‘to join together’), denoting the binding and loosening powers of the Devil.

Levi’s famed Baphomet or Sabbatical Goat. The arms bear the Latin terms ‘Solve’ (meaning ‘to separate’) and ‘Coagula’ (meaning ‘to join together’), denoting the binding and loosening powers of the Devil.

Whether you call him Satan, Lucifer or Mephistopheles, he is popularly seen as a bestial figure with even more faces than he has names. Over the past five centuries, artists have variously depicted the Devil as a fanged, horned and cloven-footed demon.

From around the 1500s and 1600s, Satan was portrayed as a horned beast with fur covering his body and he was regarded as the great enemy of Christ, the Church and mankind.

During the Middle Ages artists who has drawn Satan – Hieronymus Bosch, Albrecht Dürer, Hendrick Goltzius, all German – assembled together a picture of this beast based on various traditional imageries and depictions. Satan became a synthesised effigy – the cloven feet from Pan (the ancient Greek god, half goat and half man and a symbol of lustiness for life and a god of nature) and Pan’s horns, as well – and indeed the horned devil visage is also taken from the gods of various cults in the Near East. This devil archetype finally takes on the horror-inducing form of Baphomet, or the Sabbatic Goat as drawn by the occultist Eliphas Levi in the 19th Century.

The image of the Devil as a horned beast who is half man and half goat matches the image of Pan, the beloved fertility god that hailed from Arcadia, Greece.

The image of the Devil as a horned beast who is half man and half goat matches the image of Pan, the beloved fertility god that hailed from Arcadia, Greece.

Literature, too, has always had a major influence on how artists choose to represent Lucifer. In Dante’s Inferno (14th Century) the author provided the most graphic descriptions of the Devil: he stands upright, his lower half buried in a sea of ice and he bears three faces. He is seen grotesquely dining upon the three great traitors of historical legend: Judas Iscariot, Brutus and Cassius.

In later centuries, depictions of Satan in art evolved from a wretched beast to a more human figure. By the 18th Century, he appears ennobled and almost looking like a venerated Greek god. This is due to the aftermath of the French and American Revolutions which tried to expunge the more superstitious elements of Christian religion. People began to interpret the figure less as demonic and more as a heroic rebel against the oppression of the paternal god. These renderings were also influenced by Milton’s Paradise Lost, which drew Satan as an almost pitiable tragic hero.

In the 19th Century, the publication of Goethe’s Mephistopheles in Faust and Mark Twain’s Mysterious Stranger influenced artists to portray Satan as much more of a cunning, dandyish archetype – instead of scaring people into sin and intimidating them, he now uses persuasion.

While the image of Satan as a red, winged, horned figure persists in today’s popular imagination, contemporary artists have bestowed the Devil with the most human likenesses to date. It is an allegory to the “banality of evil,” as philosopher Hannah Arendt put it in her descriptions of Nazism. The Devil has become us, in a way. He is less personified as some evil creature. It’s the human who creates hell on Earth.

 

The Devil in New Age traditions

“New Age” is a broad movement characterised by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture with an interest in spirituality, mysticism, holism and environmentalism. It is a term applied to a range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in the West during the 1970s. This movement has since become global. Although analytically often considered to be religious, those involved in it typically prefer the designation of “spiritual” and rarely use the term “New Age” themselves.

In Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust, the Devil is seen less as a beast and more a cunning creature bent on leading his victims astray through seduction and persuasion

In Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust, the Devil is seen less as a beast and more a cunning creature bent on leading his victims astray through seduction and persuasion

New Age teachings became popular as a reaction against what some perceived as the failure of Christianity and the failure of Secular Humanism to provide spiritual and ethical guidance for the future. Its roots are traceable to many sources: Astrology, Channelling, Healing, Hinduism, Buddhism, Gnostic traditions, Spiritualism, Taoism, Theosophy, Wicca and other Neo-pagan traditions.

During the 1980s and 1990s the movement came under criticism, Channelling was ridiculed, group leaders were criticised for the fortunes that they made, beliefs in the “scientific” properties of crystals were exposed as groundless and so on. The movement has since become more established and is now a stable and major force but during this particular time the most alarming condemnation received by the movement were from certain conservative Christian circles who did not differentiate between Wicca (a New Age religion) and Satan worship.

Wicca (also known as Pagan Witchcraft) is a contemporary Pagan new religious movement. It was developed in England during the first half of the 20th Century and draws upon a diverse set of ancient pagan and 20th Century hermetic motifs for its theological structure and ritual practices.

Wiccans and Satanists – much to the consternation of each – are often confused for one another. There are a number of reasons for this: self-definition as witches, a belief in magic and the use of an encircled, five-pointed star as a holy symbol, to name a few. Fundamentally speaking, the two are not the same. Most Wiccans are essentially duo-theistic, venerating a God and a Goddess in equal measure, although some see both as different aspects of a greater, single deity.

Wiccans do not worship, nor do most recognise the existence of Satan or any other Devil-like archetype. Their beliefs are typically Earth-centred, with rituals and observances focused on the seasons and other natural forces and phenomena. Wiccans also believe in and perform “magick”- a highly ritualized form of prayer.

Wiccan paraphernalia. Wiccans do not worship the Christian God or the Satan, the Christian Devil.

Wiccan paraphernalia. Wiccans do not worship the Christian God or the Satan, the Christian Devil.

Wiccans also adhere to the Wiccan Rede (meaning creed): “If it harms none, do what you will; and the Three-fold Law of Return: that which you send out returns to you, three-fold.”

Wicca and Satanism are as different as any two religious belief systems and if there is any one thing Wiccans and Satanists have in common, it is that they are often maligned and misunderstood by others outside of their respective faiths. While it may be argued that Satanists invite this to some degree by deliberately setting themselves in philosophical opposition to more mainstream religions, understanding all faiths in all their differences and similarities is key to ensuring that protection and freedom of religious practice remains in place for everybody.

 

Conclusion

In reality it appears that there is no intrinsic good and evil and neither is there an agreed personification of the Devil. The Devil or Satan it seems is more a term denoting evil than an actual entity, a god of Hell and leader of the demonic hordes as he is regarded today. In turn, what is ‘evil’ has evolved over time to reflect the pevailing politics and influences of the period. What was once a god to be worshipped in one era can easily become the personification in another era.

Perhaps, there is no Devil or satan or dark prince we can blame our afflition and weakneses on. Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung suggested that a healthier response is to confront “evil”was not by religious repression, which only increases the shadow of the unconscious, but by conscious mindfulness and management of “evil” elements that we recognise in ourselves. Quoting Jung, “None of us stands outside humanity’s black collective shadow”.
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Martin Chow
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About Martin Chow

Accidental Buddhist, hesitant writer and fortunate student of H.E. Tsem Rinpoche. He's been there, done that and seriously cannot think of a better place to be than Now. Martin's ability to partake in all earthly pleasures ruined by CS Lewis' quote:"I sometimes wonder whether all pleasures are not substitutes for joy." You can find more of his writings on his blog www.martinmkc.com.
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  1. Pastor Lim Han Nee on Mar 16, 2017 at 4:38 pm

    Thank you, Martin, for a very interesting, very thorough and detailed, as well as well-researched account of the origin and history of the “Devil” or “Satan”. However, while the Devil has been portrayed very graphically by many religions as a distinct or separate entity or force,outside of us,( and often with the sole mission of “destroying our soul”), he is ,on the other hand, seen by Eastern religions , like Buddhism, as a force within us, not an entity outside us.

    I believe, as Lord Buddha taught over 2600 years ago, that there is no separate or external entity called the Devil. Instead, there are forces of evil, within us, as embodied in the three poisons- attachment, ignorance and hatred/anger. The forces of good within us are epitomized by our virtuous qualities or potentials , such as kindness, compassion, patience, generosity. It is for the individual to grow a mindfulness of these forces working within us, to manage them so that the forces of good will dominate and will shape our happiness. Whereas, if we let our negative forces or the forces of ‘evil’ dominate, then we will spiral down into abject misery and rebirths in suffering states.

  2. Samfoonheei on Mar 15, 2017 at 1:42 pm

    All religions Judaism, Christianity, Islam ,Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism have their own individual beliefs,defination and views of Devil. All cultures and religions that acceptance that Devil exist and is regarded as a creature,spirits or some sort.We can blame our weakneses on whether there is devil or satan or dark prince it is called. Our ego represents the conscious mind as it comprises the thoughts, memories, and emotions.Its how one see the devil as bad or good.
    In the Buddhist religion, both good and evil rest within the practitioner .
    Thank you, Martin for this informative and very detail article.I do enjoyed reading it.

  3. wan wai meng on Mar 9, 2017 at 11:23 am

    I have enjoyed reading about the origins of the ‘Devil’. Buddhism has it share of external Maras or Devil or Demon, call it what you like, but no matter how powerful such beings are, if such beings are not enlightened they are subject to the laws of cause and effect. We can only be harmed if we have the karma to be harmed.

    Our internal Maras, the 3 or 5 poisons, can harm us lifetime after lifetime also, in fact for infinite amount of lifetimes, perhaps Buddhism emphasizes of our own delusion that can create so much sufferings for us. The ‘Enemy’ within can be more powerful to give us neverending suffering compared to an external ‘Enemy’.

  4. Pastor David Lai on Mar 4, 2017 at 1:49 am

    From working the other article on Halloween, its almost certain that the goat-like devil was almost certain to be an adaptation of the Celtic divinity of Pan or the ‘Horned One’ of the Wiccan religion. The early Christian popes and Church leaders incorporated the visuals of the Horned One as the devil in order to imprint negative association to the divinity of the indigenous religion. Thereby, they are able to further convert the masses to the new religion.

    In this way, image of the devil was set and had become the archetype of the horned and hooved devil that we know today. This is further corroborated by the fact that there is no known description of the devil in the bible. Looks like the image of the devil is made and perhaps, the devil himself is too.

  5. Stella Cheang on Mar 3, 2017 at 4:02 pm

    I always wonder what is The Devil, and why are some population of the world so fearful of it, while not so much by some others in the world. Interestingly, in this article, it is visibly clear that The Devil could be the creation of monotheistic religions as the opponent to the goodness of God and spiritual attainments. During the Greco-Roman period when the concept of good and evil was further morphed from a relative concept to an absolute one, The Devil had became the inevitable one to be blamed for all things evil for he is portrayed as the engineer of all undesirable things. Or is he? Thank you, Martin for this informative article.

  6. Sock Wan on Mar 2, 2017 at 7:29 pm

    The quote “Hell is empty and all the devils are here.” from William Shakespeare made me laugh. This is so true, all of us are somehow a devil in our own way.

    So in ancient time there was no absolute good or bad.. A god or a devil can have good qualities and bad qualities in them, just like human beings. I wonder why later God is portrayed as all good and devil is portrayed as all evil? To create fears in human so human will obey what the god says since he/she is all good and can protect us from the devils?

  7. Choong on Feb 22, 2017 at 8:54 pm

    I suppose in the human construct, where there is pleasure there must also be pain.

  8. Fong on Feb 21, 2017 at 3:06 pm

    As stated in the conclusion, there is no “Devil or satan or dark prince we can blame our affliction and weaknesses on”. Both good and evil is within us and is upon us to recognize and choose by conscious mindfulness and management of “evil” elements which is the better path to walk.

  9. Anne Ong on Feb 20, 2017 at 6:42 pm

    Normally devils and and spirits are not my cup of coffee type of topic. But what you have here really caught my interest! People always seem to have a lot of perceive differences as in what is good and what is bad. What is wrong and what is right. Likewise,a person’s enemy might be another person’s good friend. I like your explaination of different types of devils from different types of religion.I personally believe that there are holy ghost and spirits. Just as there are also good and bad human beings. As long it does no harm to anyone, it’s not fair nor right to judge what we can or cannot worship to. Hence, we have human rights for religious freedom. Thank you Martin for this very interesting article. Hope to see more of your wonderful articles in the near future and keep up the great works! 🙂

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  • Stella Cheang
    Wednesday, Apr 26. 2017 06:10 PM
    OMG! This is very touching. To see a doggie who never left go of his owner in spite of death. Way more powerful than many who proclaimed “till death do us part.” Just like the human, not all doggies are as loyal as this tear-jerking pet, but I truly believe almost all doggies offer unconditional love to the person who feeds and cares for them. Even when they are stray animals. There was a stray dog who will run two streets from the entrance of the “Taman” until the car stops in front of the house, just to greet me. You can imagine the warm and conviction in my heart that these beings are more than capable of loving than many of us, human! Thank you for this lovely sharing. I miss my doggie, Sherab.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/faithful-dog-chases-deceased-owner.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Wednesday, Apr 26. 2017 06:00 PM
    Thank you, Pastor Seng Piow, for this amazing sharing. There is no doubt about the ability of our Guru, His Eminence the 25th Tsem Tulku Rinpoche. His incarnations have been compassionate and taken rebirth to return and spread the dharma so that sentient beings can benefit and learn some dharma in our short life.

    We shall never doubt our Guru; but must see that He is one with our Yidam and Protector, an attained being. Even if our Guru does not demonstrate clairvoyance abilities, we must never contest our Guru, for he holds the key (dharma) that can liberate us from eternal suffering in samsara.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/personal-attendant/the-miracles-of-tsem-rinpoche-true-story-1-2.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Wednesday, Apr 26. 2017 05:50 PM
    Thank you, Pastor Seng Piow, for the illustrated miracle story on how Rinpoche guided Cynthia and Marici away from danger through protector’s practice. The unseen exist, whether we like it or not. Some of them are malicious and have the affinity or karma with some of us. Hence they can cause harm and disturbance. By engaging in Protectors’ practice like Dorje Shugden and Setrap that have been practiced by the high lamas of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism, we are protected and guarded against harm.

    Rinpoche is compassionate and only want the best for us. His teachings are not meant to show off the power of the divines but offer us a way out from our desperate samsara conundrum that binds us from engaging in deeper spiritual practice. Rinpoche always teaches us to focus on mind transformation and Tsongkhapa practice. How fortunate we are to have met Rinpoche in this lifetime. We must not let this rare and precious opportunity go to waste.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/personal-attendant/the-miracles-of-tsem-rinpoche-true-story-12.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Apr 26. 2017 04:30 PM
    Miracles do happen,when we have faith and trust in our Guru.What is important is to follow Rinpoche’s advice and do as instructed by our Guru to clear the osbtacles all the way.Angie and Herry were so fortunate to have meet Rinpoche.Its because of Rinpoche ‘s compassion and caring for his student Angie’s life was saved.Infact Rinpoche has helped many people through his intervention, advice and instructions.
    Thank you Rinpoche and Pastor Loh Seng Piow for sharing miracles stories which i enjoyed reading.
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/personal-attendant/the-miracles-of-tsem-rinpoche-true-story-2.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Apr 26. 2017 02:45 PM
    WOW….interesting a miracles true story. Thank you Rinpoche and Pastor Loh Seng Piow for sharing.Reciting mantras by family members and doing 20 pujas done at the monastery to help the baby. These proved that pujas, which have been done for hundreds of years in the monasteries are very powerful methods for us to overcome difficulties, create huge amounts of merit and for protection, good health and long life.This show us how powerful pujas can help us when we have trust and faith in our Guru.And with Rinpoche divination,the baby was born and now a healthy boy.
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/personal-attendant/the-miracles-of-tsem-rinpoche-true-story-1-2.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Apr 26. 2017 12:47 PM
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing these powerful teachings.Its a privilege
    to do Dharma work to benefits other,do it with motivation and a good attitude when engaging ourselves It will be guide line for me.When we serve others to do Dharma work together at Kechara Forest Retreat ,we will improve ourself , purify our negative karma and to benefit others too.I will be sponsoring to the healings bricks soon and i will cherish every moment in supporting KFR.
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/dharma-work-attitude-tdl.html
  • Lin Mun
    Wednesday, Apr 26. 2017 11:06 AM
    Bigfoot is just another beings living in this world although not commonly seen and live in the deep jungle in high mountains. There were many evidences that people from many parts of the world sighted this beings. Whatever shape they are I think importantly we are all sharing this world and therefore need to have mutual respect and not intervene each others.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/science-mysteries/its-in-the-scriptures-they-exist.html
  • Alice Tay
    Tuesday, Apr 25. 2017 04:26 PM
    Thank you Rinpoche and Pastor Adeline sharing this interesting post about Bodhidharma, a great master favoured meditation and introduced the Lankavatara Sutra to Chinese Buddhism.

    Here are a few points I have learned from this post:
    1. Bodhidharma had strong imprints of Dharma from the past and therefore he is interested in Buddha’s teachings and show his great wisdom. at a very young age.
    2. His strong guru devotion and determination in learning and spreading the dharma based on meditation though he confronted with difficulties such as Emperor Wu Di was not impressed by his teachings, being ostracized and rejected and lived as a beggar for many months. Notwithstanding, he continued and never give up to practice meditation in complete silence for nine years in cave wall when he was not accepted by Shaolin Monastery at the beginning .
    3. When Bodhidharma was allowed enter to the monastery, he had put a lot of efforts to help the monks in improving their physical body as well as their mind through the meditation. Then, Bodhidharma continued to develop a system of 18 dynamic tension exercises which were printed as Yi Gin Ching (Changing Muscle/Tendon Classic) in 550 CE. It is known as the Luohan (arhat) 18 Hand Movements today which serves as the basis of both Chinese Temple Boxing and the Shaolin Martial Arts.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/bodhidharma-the-founder-of-gongfu.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Tuesday, Apr 25. 2017 04:10 PM
    Thank you, Grace, for sharing with us the many tips on how to care for and maintain our hair. Personal grooming is important because when we care for our appearance, we are respecting the people who have to deal with us. Caring for our hair, making sure that it is neat and clean should be something we need to take care of since young as it is part of personal grooming. The key is not to be attached to our body and outer-images, that results in spending much time and resources just to make ourselves look good.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/guest-contributors/how-much-do-you-know-about-hair.html
  • Alice Tay
    Tuesday, Apr 25. 2017 03:00 PM
    Thank you for sharing these wonderful and significant photos showed that Kechara Pastors’ tireless efforts to bring dharma to many others and do the blessings whenever is necessary.

    Basically, the pastorship role was conceptualized by our precious guru, H.E. Tsem Tulku Rinpoche, to preserve the Dharma and to give laypeople an opportunity to commit to benefiting others. Kechara Pastors are fully dedicated and selflessly serving others especially in spiritual growth and therefore this is good for us to support the Pastors so that they can focus and spend more of their time and effort to serve others and most importantly Buddhist teachings can be spread and shared to many others. The supports to Pastors including food, lodging, transportation, items necessary for their work, such as ritual items or spiritual gifts for those in need and many others. (If you are interested to know more about Kechara Pastors, please have a good read at http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/support-the-kechara-pastors.html)

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/10-amazing-house-blessings-by-kechara-pastors.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Apr 25. 2017 02:13 PM
    Its such a great blessing for all of us to hear the holy voice recordings of H.H Kyabje Zong Rinpoche a great master..His profound teachings ,got to take seroiusly,more as an important advice on Dorje Shugden’s practice.H.H Kyabje Zong Rinpoche’s explaination was very clear before any of the practitioner’s commitment and receive sogtae.They must keep the lineage practice and teachings no matter what ever happen.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing with us on the important advice by a great master.
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/kyabje-zong-rinpoches-advice-on-dorje-shugdens-practice.html
  • Lin Mun
    Tuesday, Apr 25. 2017 11:50 AM
    Thank you Pastor Han Nee for your sharing your thoughts and review about the book “Be Happy” written by Rinpoche. It is indeed not easy to be happy as we all have various expectation in every situation and people.

    We may think having a big house, lots of cash and good career is happiness but this is the wrong perception. Being happy is not about material and everything about ourselves. It is only when we can do more for others and focus out that we gain happiness. I never realised this until I joined Kechara. I think we have such a fixed mindset of what happiness is and when our expectation is not met, we are unhappy.

    Rinpoche has pointed out many ways for us to rectify our thoughts and methods to be happy. Now it is for us to take initiative to change and transform our mind if we want to be happy.

    Thank you Rinpoche and Pastor Han Nee for this article.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/be-happy.html
  • Lin Mun
    Monday, Apr 24. 2017 12:30 PM
    Many people do not believe in reincarnation and only relates it to certain religion such as Hinduism and Buddhism. However, there were many instances and signs that proven reincarnation exist. As Buddhist we will believe in reincarnation and karma. It is by understanding that everything has its cause and effect that we should learn to live life in the correct attitude and mindset. Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this interesting articles to remind us of karma and the importance of doing dharma practise.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/science-mysteries/interesting-signs-of-reincarnation.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Sunday, Apr 23. 2017 08:29 PM
    Thank you Rinpoche for your teachings.
    Always be generous and kind in what ever we could do even its little help.It’s the little things in life that bring the greatest happiness. Its between us and our Buddha ,so we would not bother what the receipient thinks and say of us. What ever was said ,should not deter our motivation to do Dharma work.
    (It will change people’s lives in one way or another. It will change your life for the better.)….well said by Rinpoche.
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/its-not-between-you-and-the-recipient.html
  • Lin Mun
    Sunday, Apr 23. 2017 07:16 PM
    Thank you Grace for this interesting articles about hair. There are just so much info which we do not know previously. Most of the time we may neglect the details, thinking as long as we clean our hair everyday it is sufficient. But there are so many things we need to know for example types of hair, scalp condition, our environment and our physical condition which may affect our hair. Great tips.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/guest-contributors/how-much-do-you-know-about-hair.html

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Tsem Rinpoche

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The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
So go pursue all the way with the unknown,
because all unknown with familiarity becomes the known.
~Tsem Rinpoche

Photos On The Go

Click on the images to view the bigger version. And scroll down and click on "View All Photos" to view more images.
Holy Lady Buddha Vajra Yogini\'s blessing can be found when we decide to focus out to others instead of in to only ourselves.
~ Tsem Tulku Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
Holy Lady Buddha Vajra Yogini's blessing can be found when we decide to focus out to others instead of in to only ourselves. ~ Tsem Tulku Rinpoche
His Holiness Vajradhara Kyabje Zong Rinpoche of Gaden Monastery who is the refuge of countless, gives a clear explanation of Dorje Shugden. One is able to hear his holy voice and translation by Geshe Tsultrim Gyeltsen! Please see here and share: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=122352
2 weeks ago
His Holiness Vajradhara Kyabje Zong Rinpoche of Gaden Monastery who is the refuge of countless, gives a clear explanation of Dorje Shugden. One is able to hear his holy voice and translation by Geshe Tsultrim Gyeltsen! Please see here and share: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=122352
: This picture says it all. Click on it to enlarge and read and please share.
2 weeks ago
: This picture says it all. Click on it to enlarge and read and please share.
This is a simple chart showing the three main psychic channels used in tantric meditations to control the winds, raise tummo (fire energy), gain higher consciousness and insight and also for gaining siddhis. These channels are used in meditations for controlling the mind, when the mind ejects from the body (phowa) and one\'s death. These three channels are very important. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
This is a simple chart showing the three main psychic channels used in tantric meditations to control the winds, raise tummo (fire energy), gain higher consciousness and insight and also for gaining siddhis. These channels are used in meditations for controlling the mind, when the mind ejects from the body (phowa) and one's death. These three channels are very important. Tsem Rinpoche
I think my cute doggie Oser is actually Tintin\'s dog Snowy!
2 weeks ago
I think my cute doggie Oser is actually Tintin's dog Snowy!
Great Masters of Gaden Shartse Monastery. From left to right: His Eminence Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche, His Holiness Sharpa Choeje Jetsun Lobsang Nyima, H.E. Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche, H.E. Kyabje Lati Rinpoche, His Holiness 101st Gaden Tripa throne holder Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal.
3 weeks ago
Great Masters of Gaden Shartse Monastery. From left to right: His Eminence Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche, His Holiness Sharpa Choeje Jetsun Lobsang Nyima, H.E. Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche, H.E. Kyabje Lati Rinpoche, His Holiness 101st Gaden Tripa throne holder Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal.
 Left to right: Dharma boy, Mumu boy and Oser girl. The three of them are my beautiful and loved Schnauzer dogs. They loved looking through the window to see traffic, people and movement. They loved the smells that drifted through their little noses. I love seeing the three of them together like this. I love them. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
Left to right: Dharma boy, Mumu boy and Oser girl. The three of them are my beautiful and loved Schnauzer dogs. They loved looking through the window to see traffic, people and movement. They loved the smells that drifted through their little noses. I love seeing the three of them together like this. I love them. Tsem Rinpoche
Little Mumu boy...he loved balloons. When he saw them, he wanted to get close and perhaps bite them. Cute. I love this picture of Mumu reaching for the balloons. He was young and healthy! This picture captures his energy, enthusiasm, curiosity and high energy. I love this picture of him chasing the balloons. His pictures are always so nice....He was not a pet but family to me. I love him tremendously and always will. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
Little Mumu boy...he loved balloons. When he saw them, he wanted to get close and perhaps bite them. Cute. I love this picture of Mumu reaching for the balloons. He was young and healthy! This picture captures his energy, enthusiasm, curiosity and high energy. I love this picture of him chasing the balloons. His pictures are always so nice....He was not a pet but family to me. I love him tremendously and always will. Tsem Rinpoche
Little Mumu boy and myself.. He was not a pet but family to me. I love him tremendously and always will. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
Little Mumu boy and myself.. He was not a pet but family to me. I love him tremendously and always will. Tsem Rinpoche
2017-His Holiness the 101st Gaden Tripa, Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal is doing well and 90 years old. His Holiness Lungrik Namgyal is a powerful master of sutra and tantra and practitioner of Dorje Shugden. Currently residing in France.
3 weeks ago
2017-His Holiness the 101st Gaden Tripa, Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal is doing well and 90 years old. His Holiness Lungrik Namgyal is a powerful master of sutra and tantra and practitioner of Dorje Shugden. Currently residing in France.
One of the most sacred statues of Avalokitesvara made of sandalwood housed in Lhasa, Tibet. He has shown miracles also. Every pilgrim wishes to make offerings to this Lord of Compassion.
3 weeks ago
One of the most sacred statues of Avalokitesvara made of sandalwood housed in Lhasa, Tibet. He has shown miracles also. Every pilgrim wishes to make offerings to this Lord of Compassion.
 Sacred Avalokitesvara statue in Nepal. Thousands come to worship this special Buddha as it has conferred wishes in the past.
3 weeks ago
Sacred Avalokitesvara statue in Nepal. Thousands come to worship this special Buddha as it has conferred wishes in the past.
Tsem Rinpoche\'s Vajra Yogini statue and offerings
3 weeks ago
Tsem Rinpoche's Vajra Yogini statue and offerings
Two of my teachers from Gaden Shartse Monastery in South India. Left side is Most Venerable Geshe Tsultrim Gyeltsen whom I lived with for 8 years in Los Angeles where his centre Thubten Dhargye Ling is located. On the right is the abbot emeritus H.E. Kyabje Lati Rinpoche the scholar and yogi. I was very fortunate to have them in my life and learn so much dharma from them. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
Two of my teachers from Gaden Shartse Monastery in South India. Left side is Most Venerable Geshe Tsultrim Gyeltsen whom I lived with for 8 years in Los Angeles where his centre Thubten Dhargye Ling is located. On the right is the abbot emeritus H.E. Kyabje Lati Rinpoche the scholar and yogi. I was very fortunate to have them in my life and learn so much dharma from them. Tsem Rinpoche
 It is so wonderful to be kind to people, be caring, feed them, make sure they are healthy and share dharma if they are interested with them for their future. But simply to be nice to others is worth getting up and being alive...otherwise why be alive to hurt/use/distrust and hate others? No point living that way..must change that..... It is nice to live our lives to benefit others and be patient even if we have been hurt before because by caring we can heal the hurt and \'defeat\' the ones that hurt us because we don\'t become bitter..... Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
It is so wonderful to be kind to people, be caring, feed them, make sure they are healthy and share dharma if they are interested with them for their future. But simply to be nice to others is worth getting up and being alive...otherwise why be alive to hurt/use/distrust and hate others? No point living that way..must change that..... It is nice to live our lives to benefit others and be patient even if we have been hurt before because by caring we can heal the hurt and 'defeat' the ones that hurt us because we don't become bitter..... Tsem Rinpoche
Tsem Rinpoche\'s heritage in China. Must read: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=120499
3 weeks ago
Tsem Rinpoche's heritage in China. Must read: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=120499
Thank you Buddhist Pastor Chia for sharing your story on how you met His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche over 20 years ago. We can learn much from your story.~Admin  Please read: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=116928
3 weeks ago
Thank you Buddhist Pastor Chia for sharing your story on how you met His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche over 20 years ago. We can learn much from your story.~Admin Please read: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=116928
Mumu boy is incredibly photogenic. He is beyond cute. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
Mumu boy is incredibly photogenic. He is beyond cute. Tsem Rinpoche
 (left to right) Rabten Tulku, Gonsar Rinpoche, Gyume Kensur Rinpoche, Trijang Rinpoche, H.H. Gaden Trisur Rinpoche (France)
3 weeks ago
(left to right) Rabten Tulku, Gonsar Rinpoche, Gyume Kensur Rinpoche, Trijang Rinpoche, H.H. Gaden Trisur Rinpoche (France)
Beautiful 200 roses arrived today for me as a gift from Su Ming. Very kind and thoughtful of her as usual. Tsem Rinpoche
4 weeks ago
Beautiful 200 roses arrived today for me as a gift from Su Ming. Very kind and thoughtful of her as usual. Tsem Rinpoche
It\'s good to be with kind and sincere people.
4 weeks ago
It's good to be with kind and sincere people.
If we are kind, we lose less of ourselves-Tsem Rinpoche
4 weeks ago
If we are kind, we lose less of ourselves-Tsem Rinpoche
My Mumu boy didn\'t want to eat. Eating is not one of his favorite activities throughout his life. So I talked to him to let him know why he needs to eat and keep his strength up when this photo was taken. He was listening intently and after my talk with him, he ate. Tsem Rinpoche
4 weeks ago
My Mumu boy didn't want to eat. Eating is not one of his favorite activities throughout his life. So I talked to him to let him know why he needs to eat and keep his strength up when this photo was taken. He was listening intently and after my talk with him, he ate. Tsem Rinpoche
This is so true. Click to enlarge and understand more about unpleasant people.
4 weeks ago
This is so true. Click to enlarge and understand more about unpleasant people.
This mahasiddha Kukkuripa is easy to identify as he is accompanied by a small dog whom he loved very much.
1 month ago
This mahasiddha Kukkuripa is easy to identify as he is accompanied by a small dog whom he loved very much.
Mumu taking a rest in the turquoise room. Over the years, I always feel very satisfied when I see him covered with a blanket, safe and sleeping. I always wanted to make sure he was safe from harm, illness and distress. I wanted him to have a happy and loved life. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Mumu taking a rest in the turquoise room. Over the years, I always feel very satisfied when I see him covered with a blanket, safe and sleeping. I always wanted to make sure he was safe from harm, illness and distress. I wanted him to have a happy and loved life. Tsem Rinpoche
I wrapped my little Mumu boy up in my blanket and propped him up on my bed. He didn\'t move or wiggle and just looked at me. He is one funny entertaining little guy. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
I wrapped my little Mumu boy up in my blanket and propped him up on my bed. He didn't move or wiggle and just looked at me. He is one funny entertaining little guy. Tsem Rinpoche
March 2017-Coaxing my little Mumu boy to eat his meal. He was not well and therefore not hungry. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
March 2017-Coaxing my little Mumu boy to eat his meal. He was not well and therefore not hungry. Tsem Rinpoche
Click on picture to enlarge and see what Milarepa says. Profound.
1 month ago
Click on picture to enlarge and see what Milarepa says. Profound.
We are always trying to get somewhere, try something new, find some friends, get some entertainment and in the end we end up in the same place. Time to really practice Dharma seriously and stop wasting time we don\'t have. ~Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
We are always trying to get somewhere, try something new, find some friends, get some entertainment and in the end we end up in the same place. Time to really practice Dharma seriously and stop wasting time we don't have. ~Tsem Rinpoche
March 20, 2017-Mumu is just so adorable with his bright eyes.
1 month ago
March 20, 2017-Mumu is just so adorable with his bright eyes.
More and more people inviting Lord Dorje Shugden home to connect with on their shrines. I am so happy to see this as it will benefit them and their families so much. That is the purpose to be alive which is to benefit others as much as possible. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
More and more people inviting Lord Dorje Shugden home to connect with on their shrines. I am so happy to see this as it will benefit them and their families so much. That is the purpose to be alive which is to benefit others as much as possible. Tsem Rinpoche
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
1 month ago
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
1 month ago
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
The Japanese are very innovative. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
The Japanese are very innovative. Tsem Rinpoche
Read this as it will be interesting
1 month ago
Read this as it will be interesting
Recite this before any meal or drinks for blessings of abundance. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Recite this before any meal or drinks for blessings of abundance. Tsem Rinpoche
This sacred statue of Buddha is in Nepal brought originally from Tibet and has spoken on many occasions. Very blessed to see this holy image and keep a picture...bless you always. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
This sacred statue of Buddha is in Nepal brought originally from Tibet and has spoken on many occasions. Very blessed to see this holy image and keep a picture...bless you always. Tsem Rinpoche
I love Mumu boy tremendously. We went through so much together for so many years. You are a great being to be with. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
I love Mumu boy tremendously. We went through so much together for so many years. You are a great being to be with. Tsem Rinpoche
Dear everyone, I am sharing this beautiful and modern altar to Dorje Shugden in Malaysia. I am glad to see more and more people creating sacred spaces. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Dear everyone, I am sharing this beautiful and modern altar to Dorje Shugden in Malaysia. I am glad to see more and more people creating sacred spaces. Tsem Rinpoche
Lhamo Karmo, a female buddha form visualized above the crown of one\'s head at the time of death, to encourage consciousness to leave the body via the crown aperture. From my book \"The Female Buddhas.\"- Glenn Mullin
2 months ago
Lhamo Karmo, a female buddha form visualized above the crown of one's head at the time of death, to encourage consciousness to leave the body via the crown aperture. From my book "The Female Buddhas."- Glenn Mullin
The Tibetan female tulku Dorje Pakmo, from a fresco on the wall of the Dorje Pakmo monastery (Samding) in Tibet, near the Turquoise Lake. In Tibet the Dorje Pakmo was ranked with the Dalai Lama, Panchen Lama and Sakya Trizin as the four highest lamas in the country.-from Glenn Mullin
2 months ago
The Tibetan female tulku Dorje Pakmo, from a fresco on the wall of the Dorje Pakmo monastery (Samding) in Tibet, near the Turquoise Lake. In Tibet the Dorje Pakmo was ranked with the Dalai Lama, Panchen Lama and Sakya Trizin as the four highest lamas in the country.-from Glenn Mullin
Dharma boy, Mumu boy and Oser girl checking out the scene..cute
2 months ago
Dharma boy, Mumu boy and Oser girl checking out the scene..cute
My Dharma boy has such a cute expression here. He is a good boy!
2 months ago
My Dharma boy has such a cute expression here. He is a good boy!
February 9,2017-My Mumu boy and Oser girl are just relaxing together..super cute
3 months ago
February 9,2017-My Mumu boy and Oser girl are just relaxing together..super cute
Click on the picture to enlarge and see what Suzy from Hawaii commented on the Dorje Shugden issue after much research. She is very candid and honest. Refreshing. Original is posted here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vl-4lIwxph4
3 months ago
Click on the picture to enlarge and see what Suzy from Hawaii commented on the Dorje Shugden issue after much research. She is very candid and honest. Refreshing. Original is posted here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vl-4lIwxph4
This is a good one to read
3 months ago
This is a good one to read
Click on "View All Photos" above to view more images

Videos On The Go

Please click on the images to watch video
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    3 weeks ago
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    Japan's greatest modern day artist, Yayoi Kusama

ASK A PASTOR


Ask the Pastors

A section for you to clarify your Dharma questions with Kechara’s esteemed pastors.

Just post your name and your question below and one of our pastors will provide you with an answer.

Scroll down and click on "View All Questions" to view archived questions.

  • April 20, 2017 10:45
    Ronnie asked: Dear Rinpoche and Pastors, I'm studying abroad and very far away from home, seeking guidance and advice as I have no one else I can talk to about this. Please read with an open mind, I don't know where else to go for help. I'm pregnant and it's an unplanned pregnancy. I'm stuck between keeping it or letting it go. I'm young and having a child at my age in the society we live in now would be considered taboo. The father of the child thinks I should let it go because it may cause a setback to both our careers and cause major family issues. He thinks we aren't ready to raise a child especially since we're both still in university and his parents think badly of me even though they've never met me or tried to get to know me. I'm sure no one would ever have the heart to take away a heartbeat but it seems like it isn't the right time to have a child now and if we did go through with it, the child probably won't be able to have the best things life can offer looking at where we are now in terms of finance and maturity. I'm lost, confused and unsure what the right thing to do is now. Any advice at all would be helpful right now. Thank you so very much for taking time to read my story.
    pastor answered: Dear Ronnie, I’m sorry to read that you are going through this situation. I can understand that this situation is tough to go through. You are always more than welcome to come here to ask questions. May I suggest that you talk to either someone in your family or your friends to help you come to an appropriate solution? This is because, what you feel, what you are going through, will change from time to time and you would need someone to talk to, someone that you can lean on through this situation you are facing. Depending on where you are in the world, professional help can also be sought to help you make a decision, which will be the best option for you seeking help. From a Buddhist perspective, the taking of a life is not considered a positive act, therefore those on the Buddhist path, would normally abstain taking a life if possible. However, that being said, one must always weigh the decision oneself. Everything we do in life, necessarily involves karma both positive and negative. That is why Buddhists try to overcome samsara in general. Your situation is complicated because you are abroad, but if possible you should really open up to someone you are close to in order to help you through making this decision on a personal basis. When you talk to someone, whom you are able to express yourself more, you may able to come to better decision that is right for you. There may be other options open to you if you seek help. I personally know women who have been in similar situations. One of these women, let the child go and the other went through the pregnancy and then gave the child up for adoption. You may or may not have thought of this option, but it is one that could be open to you, depending on where in the world you are. Any decision we make in life, however big or small it may seem, has far reaching consequences whether in this life, or in future lives. This is just a part and parcel of life within samsara. However, we should weigh the decisions we make clearly given the situation we are in. We cannot always do this weighing ourselves, but need to talk about our options with others we can rely on such a friends, family or professionals. You should consider doing this, which will help you greatly emotionally, and may give you the grounding you need to make the correct decision for you. I hope this helps.
  • April 19, 2017 04:57
    Dongho asked: What is a nyung ne practice? According to Lama Zopa Rinpoche, it's a purification sadhana. However, what are the instructions for this? I'm guessing it's to Chenrezig, but how does it work? Also, from what I have read, Vajrasattva practice is only for broken vows while Akshobhya is for regular misdeeds. Does that mean one has to take the Akshobhya practice to purify bad karma from this life and previous instead of Vajrasattva? As for the purification practices, are some like Vajrasattva and Chenrezig only to purify the bad karma and let it come quickly or is it to prevent it from coming? I am confused in it. As for signs, I recited a mantra of White Yangchenma that a Sakya lama, Lama Kunga Thartse Rinpoche, gave me with the Sakya visualizations I read on, and after one mala, I heard some lady call my Korean name even though no one in my neighborhood knows of my name and my family members weren't in the area. What does this mean?
    pastor answered: Dear Dongho, Thank you for your questions, it’s nice to see you back here again. Nyung Ne practice is a purification practice that centres around Chenrezig. It is a very beneficial practice that stems from a holy nun named Gelong-ma Palmo. It is a two and a half day practice that can be repeated many times over and over again to intensify the purification and build a closer relationship with Chenrezig. As well as its purification aspect, the practice is known to generate vast amount of merit, and also compassion, as the practice centres around Chenrezig, the Buddha of compassion. The practice involves taking the eight Mahayana precepts for the duration, fasting, meditating, prostrating and praying. The practice usually entails empowerment into the practice of Chenrezig, therefore the exact meditations, prayers can only be explained to those who have the empowerment. Vajrasattva practice is not necessarily only for repairing broken vows, etc. That’s why it is advised that you engage in the practice at the end of the day, to repair any vows that you may have broken during that day, as well as stopping any negative karma you created that day from multiplying. This would entail reciting the mantra 21 times, together with the four opponent powers. However, if you engage in this practice more intensely, it definitely has the capability to purify all sorts of karma. That is the reason why in Ngondro, or preliminary practices one engages in before tantra, the practice of 100,000 Vajrasattva mantra recitation is an integral part. You can read more about Vajrasattva and his practice here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/prayers-and-sadhanas/an-important-purification-practice.html. Within purification practices, some of the karma will be purified completely, so you do not feel its effects at all, but when purifying other karma you will need to feel its effects somehow. For example if you have the karma to be in a car accident and get seriously injured, and you are engaging in any practice, but especially the purification practice, since you have purified most of the karma, you will only experience being in a very minor car accident, with only very superficial injuries. Therefore, in this case, the karma has been purified to the extent that it does not affect you as much, but you still need to feel part of its effect. In regards to any signs that you receive which engaging in the practices given to you by one of your specific gurus, you should report the happenings to that particular guru. He will be able to give you more of an accurate answer, as it may be related to the particular practice that he gave to you. I hope this helps. Thank you.
  • April 17, 2017 07:06
    Thomas asked: Dear Pastors, When a serkyem set has been used so much and one is ready to get rid of it and replace it with a new one. What is a respecful mode of disposal?
    pastor answered: Dear Thomas, Thank you for your question. Your question shows that you have a lot of respect for offering items, which is very good. If possible, you should try to repair the item if within your means, and doing so make embellishments to make it a better offering item, which can still be used. If this is not possible, then you should dispose of the item with a good motivation. You should think that this item has been used to make offerings to the enlightened beings, but now that it is broken or unusable, you are going to dispose of it, and replace it with a new one. Since it itself is not a receptacle of energies of the enlightened beings, such as a statue, tsa tsa or thangka, it does not require a special dissolution before being disposed of. However since it was used to make offerings, it still requires some form of respect when disposing, and this comes from one’s motivation and the way in which you dispose of it. Usually, when disposing of items in this way, make the motivation that you have used it and that it is now time to dispose of it, and replace it with a new one. When you do this you can dispose of it in a respectful manner. For example, if you are going to throw it away, you do not simply open the trash can and throw it in. You wrap it up in something, like a bag or newspaper and dispose of it respectfully. Another method you can dispose of it is to recycle the object, if the material it is made from can be recycled. That way you are more conscious of the environment as well. I hope this explanation helps. Thank you.
  • April 16, 2017 22:38
    Curious asked: Dear pastors In a recent youtube video something like paying respect to deceased ones, pastor Nirel Patel explained that merits are like the interest and good karma is like the principal sum. So merits always regenerate themselves and hence do not get used up but good karma is like the principal sum so it gets used up. So my question is what are practices that generate merit? And can we turn a mundane daily activity into a meritorious one? Maybe can you provide an example?
    pastor answered: Dear Curious, Thank you for your question. First, to clarify a point, in regards to good karma, you are right, it is like a principal sum in a bank account, but you take away from it when you experience something good in your life, and you add to it when you do good deeds. Merit on the other hand, once accrued never diminishes, therefore when something is based on merit, it is based on the energies of this never diminishing sum, which you could say is like interest. In short, the principal sum when talking about karma is always added to and subtracted from. However, when talking about merit, once you have it, there is no way to destroy it, you will always benefit from it. There are various ways to explain how to generate merit. I will explain a way that I find easiest to understand. In normal life, when we go about performing any sort of activity, be it ‘good’ or ‘bad’ we do so out of ignorance of the true nature of existence, and it is usually self-motivated. For example, we work our entire lives to generate monetary income, so that we have enough money, resources, and materials goods to be comfortable. This is self-motivated, but it is the accepted way the world works these days, and is part and parcel of being bound to samsaric life. On the other hand, the act of merit making can be categorised into three parts: i) motivation, ii) the act itself, and iii) dedication. Let’s start with motivation, when engaging in various virtuous acts, we should have the motivation that by engaging in the act, we have the motivation to alleviate the suffering of someone else, and that may we gain enlightenment so that we can benefit them in the future. The second is the act itself. The third is to dedicate the energy of the virtuous act to gaining enlightenment. These three are what make merit. This may be a little confusing, so let me give an example: giving help to a homeless person. Whereas in ordinary life, this is something praised as a very good deed, it does not create merit without motivation and dedication. In order for this to become merit, one must set the motivation that one is giving help to the homeless free of the eight worldly concerns, to alleviate their suffering and also making the motivation that you will achieve enlightenment for the sake of the person or people you are helping. Then after you have helped them, you dedicate the energy created to the spiritual journey towards full enlightenment to help all sentient beings, while at the same time benefiting as many sentient beings as possible on the way there. This transforms the act into not only a virtuous action but also one that generates merit. On the other hand, if you were to help the homeless without these, you are creating good karma, which although beneficial, keeps you bound to existence within samsara. As it is the goal of Buddhist practice to overcome the cycle of samsara, a Buddhist would want to generate merit instead of good karma. I hope this explanation helps. Thank you.
  • April 13, 2017 11:38
    D.A. asked: If Begtse Chan is not from Mongolia, what are his real origins or story exactly? And which lamas offer his empowerment? As for Manjushri Nagarakshasa, which lamas specifically offer his empowerment and practice?
    pastor answered: Dear D.A. Thank you for your question. Begtse, is also known as Chamsing, or Jamsaran in Mongolian. As mentioned in an earlier sharing with someone who also asked a question about Begtse, the practiced was introduced to Tibet from India by the translator Nyen Lotsawa, and is considered one of the main protectors of the Hayagriva cycle of tantras. According to the scriptures that derive from the Sakya tradition, who incorporated the practice from the translators, and in which tradition Begtse became a very important protector, Begtse in a previous life was born many eons ago. In that particular life, he was born as the younger prince in a royal family. His name was Drag Gye, and his older brother’s name was Drag Den. Over time both princes developed differing religious beliefs, to the point where they could not get along with each as they both held their own religious views strongly. As was the custom during that time, they decided to settle their differences through logical debate, with the loser having to convert to the winner’s religion. This custom was also prevalent in ancient India, and there are many stories of such debates occurring between the great masters of the past and those of other faiths. Drag Gye lost the various debates, but ran away instead of converting to his older brother’s religion. Drag Den caught him, and tried to punish him for breaking the rules of debate and going back on his promise. Drag Gye told his brother that even if he was killed he would not give up his religion, however if Drag Den let him go, that in the future when Drag Den became enlightened, he would protect his teachings. With that Drag Den let him go, and gave him a set of copper armour, a stick, and a bow and arrow. Drag Den also gave Drag Gye a new name: Sog Dag Yam Shi Mar Po. After this incident the two brothers never saw each other again in that lifetime. Many lives after that Drag Den was reborn as Prince Siddharta, who eventually became enlightened and is now known as Buddha Shakyamuni. Drag Gye, or Sog Dag Yam Shi Mar Po, was reborn in a cemetery in the North West direction. His parents gave birth to two eggs, one was a coral-like colour and the other was an agate-like colour. These two eggs flew high into the sky and reached the heavenly realms, there they subdued the gods. Then flying back down to earth, they subdued many nagas. Eventually they even came to threaten their own parents. The parents petitioned the Dharma protector Ekajati for her help, who threw her own staff (khatvanga) at the eggs, and broke them apart. From the coral-like coloured egg came a ferocious man with yellow hair, he proclaimed that his name was ‘Sog Dag Yam Shi Mar Po’. When he emerged he was wearing a set of copper armour, wielding a stick, copper sword, and a bow and arrow. From the agate-like coloured egg came a female who was blue in colour, her teeth were like shells, she had turquoise eyebrows, and her hair was made of fire. She emerged wielding a copper knife, ritual dagger (phurba), rode a terrifying bear and wore an intricate necklace made of agate and lapis lazuli. It was then that Ekajati once again took action, and subdued them, after which they became Dharma protectors. The male figure became known as Begtse, and the female as his sister. When you propitiate Begtse, his sister is automatically included and aids practitioners as well. As for which lama offer his practice and empowerment, most lamas do not advertise which teachings or practice they hold. Therefore you should respectfully approach lamas and ask them if they have the practice and can bestow it, or if they know of any lamas that have the practice, depending on how much you want to practice Begtse. Similarly, this applies to those lamas who have the practice of Manjushri Nagarakshasa. However, this practice is included in the Rinjung Gyatsa series of empowerments. This unique cycle of teachings, includes all 4 classes of tantric practices, and includes the practice of Manjushri Nagarakshasa. Therefore those lamas who have received the complete transmission, and have kept their commitments for this practice, are qualified to pass this on to others. I hope this explanation helps. Thank you.
View All Questions

CHAT PICTURES

Art expression using chalks and papers is an avenue for young children to cultivate positive perspective of life and connect with their artistic or creative side. Stella, KSDS
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Teacher Laura guided the students do meditation. Alice Tay, KSDS
4 days ago
Teacher Laura guided the students do meditation. Alice Tay, KSDS
Day break at Kechara Forest Retreat! Sunrise meditation during Inner Reflection Retreat, April 2017
5 days ago
Day break at Kechara Forest Retreat! Sunrise meditation during Inner Reflection Retreat, April 2017
Inner Reflection in April 2017 with guests from USA, Singapore, China and UK! Join our upcoming meditation programs!
5 days ago
Inner Reflection in April 2017 with guests from USA, Singapore, China and UK! Join our upcoming meditation programs!
Visitors in Kechara Forest Retreat, circumambulating the holy Vajra Yogini Stupa. Picture credit Pastor Gimlee
5 days ago
Visitors in Kechara Forest Retreat, circumambulating the holy Vajra Yogini Stupa. Picture credit Pastor Gimlee
Students are getting ready to do prostration in Gompa following a Teacher Kien and Teacher Zhi Yan instruction. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
Students are getting ready to do prostration in Gompa following a Teacher Kien and Teacher Zhi Yan instruction. Lin Mun KSDS
Teacher Callista & Teacher Irene were sharing with children on the topic of courage. It is good to instil dharma knowledge from young. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
Teacher Callista & Teacher Irene were sharing with children on the topic of courage. It is good to instil dharma knowledge from young. Lin Mun KSDS
Children are learning how to recite mantra from teacher Alice and teacher Laura. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
Children are learning how to recite mantra from teacher Alice and teacher Laura. Lin Mun KSDS
Students were all so excited listening to the process of making slime as they are going to make one themselves. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
Students were all so excited listening to the process of making slime as they are going to make one themselves. Lin Mun KSDS
Robey, Natalie and Lauren doing sharing on how to make slime. A great exercise for them to learn leadership & public speaking. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
Robey, Natalie and Lauren doing sharing on how to make slime. A great exercise for them to learn leadership & public speaking. Lin Mun KSDS
Beautiful tormas was offered during Gyenze Puja at Kechara Forest Retreat. Lucy Yap
5 days ago
Beautiful tormas was offered during Gyenze Puja at Kechara Forest Retreat. Lucy Yap
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