The Devil

By | Feb 20, 2017 | Views: 2,375

Introduction

“Hell is empty and all the devils are here.”
– William Shakespeare

The image of the Devil per the Codex Gigas (also known as The Devil's Bible) created in the 12th Century by a Benedictine monk in what is now the modern day Czech Republic.

The image of the Devil per the Codex Gigas (also known as The Devil’s Bible) created in the 12th Century by a Benedictine monk in what is now the modern day Czech Republic.

A Brief History of the Devil

The Devil, which is the universal symbol of all things wicked, heinous, corrupt and destructive is ever present in the awareness of the people of all cultures today. So common is the knowledge of the Devil that one imagines that this embodiment of evil has existed from the beginning of time itself. Strangely, before the emergence of Western monotheistic (a single all-powerful God) ideas, there was in fact no concept of a singular ‘lord’ of evil, no cosmic enemy and no Devil or Satan. There were gods of darkness, death, the underworld and other things that we could associate with ‘evil’ but no single and exclusive embodiment of all things nefarious and beastly as the biblical ‘Satan’.

In Western monotheistic traditions which covers Judaism, Christianity and Islam, a central figure which is known as The Devil is believed to be behind all that is wrong and malefic in the world. In other words the primary role of the Devil, in its various manifestations in these faiths, is to create a rejection of God and spiritual attainment, and the embrace instead of our present secular world characterised by avarice, conflict, desire and materialism. The Devil is portrayed as being the engineer of all undesirable things – pain, disease, natural disasters, mental instability and other evil and “negative” elements.

Eastern traditions and religions on the other hand are primarily polytheistic (presence of multiple gods) in nature, with many gods and goddesses possessing both dark sides as well as good ones. A large proportion of deities in the pantheon of Eastern religions are capable of both good and evil, and can equally bestow fortune or inflict injury depending on whether you were on their good or bad side and these sides are in turn given individual names and personification. There is no clear dichotomy of good and evil as is the case in Western religions and the concept of the Devil/Satan has historically been a Western one.

 

A brief history of good and evil

Chalk drawing depicting Ahura Mazda, the Winged God and embodiment of good, and Angra Mainyu (Ahriman) who was the embodiment of evil.

Chalk drawing depicting Ahura Mazda, the Winged God and embodiment of good, and Angra Mainyu (Ahriman) who was the embodiment of evil.

In almost all languages today we find expressions and words denoting ‘good’ and ‘bad’. It follows that in civilisations and communities with such expressions, there is a moral divide and the concepts of “right versus wrong” and “good versus bad” are distinctive and absolute.

During the ancient or early historic period of civilisations a clear example of the crystallisation of “good versus evil” ideal is seen in eastern ancient Persia, almost 3000 years ago. A religious philosopher named Zoroaster simplified the pantheon of early Iranian gods into two opposing forces: Ahura Mazda (Illuminating Wisdom) and Angra Mainyu (Destructive Spirit), both of whom are in conflict with one another.

At the same time when Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu took shape as opposing entities, the West similarly witnessed the formation of a “good versus evil” notion in religions. Around 400 BC, during the Greco-Roman period, words describing “bad, cowardly” and “good, brave, capable” in their absolute sense started to emerge, as reflected in the thinking of pre-Socratic philosophers like Democritus the Greek. During their time, this “good and evil” dichotomy morphed from being a relative concept to an absolute one and over time, polarised into extremes giving rise to the dualistic belief that the material world should be shunned and the spiritual world embraced. Thus monotheism was born.

Another depiction by Zoroaster between the two opposing forces - Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu. Interestingly, evil was not depicted in the form of the Devil as we have come to know.

Another depiction by Zoroaster between the two opposing forces – Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu. Interestingly, evil was not depicted in the form of the Devil as we have come to know.

Moving into the Medieval Era, the “good versus evil” duality was shaped primarily by early Christian theologians, St Augustine of Hippo (Algeria) and St Thomas Aquinas (Italy). According to St Augustine of Hippo, sin was “a word, deed, or desire that stands in opposition to the eternal law of God”. Today, we see the basic contrast being defined along these lines – “good” is a broad concept often associated with life, kindness, charity, happiness, love and justice whereas bad or evil is often associated with conscious and deliberate wrongdoing, discrimination designed to harm others, humiliation of people designed to diminish their psychological needs and dignity, destructiveness and acts of unnecessary and indiscriminate violence.

Differing views also exist as to why evil might arise. Many religious and philosophical traditions claim that evil behaviour is an aberration that results from the imperfect human condition. Sometimes, evil is attributed to the existence of free will. Some argue that evil itself is ultimately based on an ignorance of truth. A variety of thinkers from the Enlightenment period of history suggested that evil is learned as a consequence of tyrannical social structures. Interestingly, there never was a single and agreed source of evil.

Saint Augustine of Hippo who developed many theories and philosophy that impacted the medieval world view

Saint Augustine of Hippo who developed many theories and philosophy that impacted the medieval world view

 

‘Evil’ by Western interpretations

The concept of a single deity representing evil, such as Satan or the Devil, highlights the difference between Western monotheistic religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam) and Eastern religions such as Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism.

What most people mean today by the Devil is a concept that is at home only in Western monotheistic religions. In fact, the Devil is only really possible in these religions because the very nature of this character is as an antagonist or adversary to a single God. The essence of this being is that he is the negative counterpart to God. Here are some examples of how the Devil functions in these religions.

In the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament) a malevolent force is called a satan (Hebrew for “adversary”) and though he rarely appears in the texts, one may locate him in the first chapter of Job trying to undermine Job’s credibility and thereby God’s discernment. In truth, Satan makes scant appearance prior to the New Testament (known to have been in existence since 70 AD to 96 AD) and in fact there is no mention of Satan in Genesis which was written roughly in 700 to 600 BC.

In the Christian New Testament, the imagery of the Devil takes on a much clearer shape as Satan and he attempts to counteract God’s work of redemption at every point. The Gospels speak of Satan’s testing of Jesus in the wilderness. In Mark, he is named as Satan. In Matthew and Luke, he is the “tester” or “the Devil”. In Luke, the Devil promises Jesus worldly glory if the Son of God would pay proper homage to him. In Luke 10, Jesus comments that he has seen Satan “fallen like lightning from the sky”, a reference similar to the fall of Lucifer in Isaiah that is probably a prophecy of a fall to come, not one that occurred in the past. Luke also states that Satan entered into Judas to induce him to betray Jesus. The Gospel of John makes several references to the Devil. In the first, he is the “man killer from the beginning” who does not stand for truth, a reference often taken to refer to the serpent in the Garden of Eden. Jesus refers to him as the Ruler of the World.

The temptation of the Son of God by Satan, as depicted in the New Testament

The temptation of the Son of God by Satan, as depicted in the New Testament

The Devil and Satan are both mentioned in reference to entering into the heart of Judas. The Epistles refer to both the Devil and Satan. Paul refers to Satan by name as obstructing his efforts to spread the gospel, as a tester of men’s morals and faith, and as an agent of punishment for the wicked. In 2 Corinthians 2.10 – 11, Paul indicates that Satan has his own designs on the world, and that forgiveness will outwit Satan. In the same letter, Paul urges people to be on guard against Satan, who can disguise himself as an angel of light.

In Judaism, the concept of the Devil as the head of the realm of darkness developed slowly. The Hebrew Bible mentioned the “Morning Star” that had fallen from heaven or “cast down to earth” (in Isaiah). “Morning Star” has been widely translated into Latin as ‘Lucifer’ (Light-bearer). By the 1st Century BC, this concept had evolved and become associated directly with the figure of Satan as having been the same as Lucifer, now seen as a fallen archangel.

There is also a Devil in Islam and he is called Iblis as well as Shaitan and the Qur’an tells us that he was too proud to bow down before God’s creation (Adam) as God had instructed (Qur’an 2:34).

Muslims regard the Devil not as a counterpart to God, but rather merely a fallen angel who chose pride over God. But there is in fact a twist. By some interpretations, Shaitan in fact has God’s permission to use temptation to test souls. He has no power over those who love God, and is most potent against those who have relinquished their belief in the one God. The Devil is therefore part of Allah’s grand scheme and is part of His plan which involves testing and punishment.

The Shaitan or Iblis in the Qur'an is a creation of Allah (God) as part of his grand scheme

The Shaitan or Iblis in the Qur’an is a creation of Allah (God) as part of his grand scheme

Iblis is mentioned nine times in the Qur’an, the central religious text of Islam revealed to the prophet Muhammad gradually over a period of 23 years from 609 CE to 632 CE. Seven of these nine references concern his fall from God’s grace.

Islamic scholars frequently discuss the essence of Iblis. Because he was in heaven and among the angels, some believe he could be an angel. But otherwise, he is called a djinn, or a spirit of lower rank than the angels, in Surah 18:50. Academics who reject the angelic nature of Iblis argue if he were an angel, he would not disobey God´s command. Again, there is an absence of a definitive nature of the the Shaitan or Devil.

Interestingly, in all cultures and religions that acknowledge the Devil, he is regarded as a creature who owes his very existence to the fact that God made him, but he does not let this fact stand in the way of his making himself God’s adversary whenever possible. These religions differ in the degrees of power they ascribe to the Devil but all share a basic fundamental opposition to the forces of ‘good’.

Nowhere is Satan and the Devil seen in such clear definition as the personification of evil and the head of all demonic elements than in the New Testament of the Christian religion. At some point – the origin is unclear – Satan becomes the ruler of hell and the chief tormenter of souls of the dead. This concept was more firmly cemented by way of literature such as those authored by Dante (14th Century) and John Milton (18th Century). In any case, from the 16th Century onwards the Devil took singular form and assumed the role as tempter of Man.

However, by the coming of the 18th Century the depiction of the Devil as a single and all-powerful embodiment of evil was seen as somewhat antiquarian and superstitious by leading theologians. As argued by the influential German minister of the reformed (Protestant) church Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (1768-1834), the previous understanding of Satan as the prince of darkness was ‘unenlightened’ as according to him and his contemporaries at the time, Satan did not exist except to be used as a convenient metaphor to evil.

The dawn of the 20th Century saw again the rising emergence of Satan, partly as a result of the increase of fundamentalism in Christianity as well as a deepening interest of demonic possession and exorcism in popular culture.

 

‘Evil’ by Eastern interpretations

In Hinduism, Buddhism and other Eastern traditions there is a fundamental ambiguity underlying the concept of the Devil. In brief, there is no such singular personification of an adversary of a powerful one-God because such definitions are simply absent in these traditions.

For example, within the Hindu pantheon, there is an army of spirits but no one Devil. Indian religions, including Hinduism as well as Buddhism and Jainism, espouse a universe populated by many spirits and elementals. There are spirits that live on the lowest rungs of the cosmos in hell, there are hungry ghosts that roam the earth, there are the many spirits that reside in homes, rice fields and forests. Then there are also the mighty and sometimes malevolent spirits, called the Asuras who possesses great power.

In some of the earliest writings of Hinduism, there were two kinds of divine beings – the Devas (gods) and the Asuras (lords). Originally there was no particular distinction between them as being good or evil, but the stories about them include warfare and the Devas are certain to triumph over the Asuras. For example, the Deva Indra defeated the Asura Varuna. As Hindu thought developed the Asuras assumed increasingly malicious roles, causing harm and creating conflict with the Devas. In the epic poems and the puranas, Asuras were the enemies of the great heroes, such as the evil Lord Ravana who was defeated by Rama and his able assistant Hanuman.

Battle scene between the armies of the Devas and the Asuras (University of Oxford, England)

Battle scene between the armies of the Devas and the Asuras (University of Oxford, England)

A modern painting of the Asura Lord Ravana, the main antagonist in the Ramayana

A modern painting of the Asura Lord Ravana, the main antagonist in the Ramayana

But here’s the twist – one should not think of the Asuras as essentially and thoroughly evil. They frequently conducted evil activities and there is no question that they were the enemies of the Devas. Still, in the end they were only after the same thing as the Devas, namely power and glory. It is also essential to note that the Devas themselves are morally vague. When one reads the stories of Indra, Shiva, Krishna and not to mention the blood-thirsty Kali, one realises that the gods are not necessarily all that pleasant either. Generally speaking, Devas “act” better than the Asuras but they do not carry all-good positions, just as the Asuras are not truly all-evil.

In terms of Buddhism, many supernatural creatures populate Buddhist literature, but among these Mara is unique. He is one of the earliest non-human beings to appear in Buddhist scriptures as an “evil” spirit who played a significant role in Buddha’s ascension to enlightenment. He is the god of lightning, seduction, temptation, sensuality and death.
Before he became the Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama in his final watch sat in meditation and Mara brought his most beautiful daughters to seduce Siddhartha. Siddhartha however remained focused in meditation. Mara then sent vast armies of monsters to attack him. Yet Siddhartha sat still, untouched. Finally, Mara claimed that the seat of enlightenment rightfully belonged to him and not to the mortal Siddhartha. As Siddhartha reached out his right hand to touch the earth, Mara disappeared. And as the morning star rose in the sky, Siddhartha Gautama became Buddha, the Enlightened One.

Various depictions of Mara attacking the Buddha. However, in Buddhism Mara is not regarded as the primary embodiment of evil. In fact, in the Buddhist religion, both good and evil rest within the practitioner.

Various depictions of Mara attacking the Buddha. However, in Buddhism Mara is not regarded as the primary embodiment of evil. In fact, in the Buddhist religion, both good and evil rest within the practitioner.

Is Mara the Buddhist equivalent of Satan? Although there are some obvious parallels between Mara and the Devil or Satan of monotheistic religions, there are also many significant differences. Mara is a relatively minor figure in Buddhist mythology compared to Satan. Satan is the Lord of Hell in the monotheistic religions whereas Mara is the lord only of the highest Deva heaven of the Desire world of Triloka, an allegorical representation of reality adapted from Hinduism. One may even argue that Mara served the Lord Buddha by manifesting seduction, temptation and warfare to attack Buddha and in turn precipitate his enlightenment.

 

“Evil” in early history interpretations

Ancient mythologies, generally speaking, share common traits with Eastern polytheistic religions e.g. Hinduism and Buddhism, where the morality of the gods and goddesses are somewhat ambiguous and lacking in clear demarcations. Good and evil in that period is relative, not absolute. Sumerian, Egyptian and Greek religions provide clear examples of this thought.

 

Sumer

Sumer was the first urban civilisation in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia, in what is now modern-day southern Iraq and it was arguably the first civilisation in the world alongside Ancient Egypt. The Sumerian belief systems influenced Mesopotamian mythology as a whole and survived the mythologies and religions of the Akkadians (Babylonians and Assyrians) and other culture groups.

In the Sumerian belief there is no imagery of Satan, the Devil or any kind of single all-powerful deity ruling an array of evil spirits. These evil spirits often serve as agents of ill tidings leading to catharsis, renewal and revitalisation.

In Sumerian and Akkadian mythology, the Gallus were great demons that hauled unfortunate victims off to the underworld. They were one of seven devils of Babylonian theology that could be appeased by the sacrifice of a lamb at the altar. One of the most well known gallu was known as Asag (Asakku), that would attache itself to human beings and kill them with fever and diseases related to the head. Asag is also mentioned in the Sumerian poem Lugale – his depiction was hideously rendered and he possessed the power to make fish boil in their rivers. The poem tells of how Asag battled the hero Ninurta and was defeated. This allowed Ninurta to organise the world and use stones to construct the mountains so that streams and lakes flow into the Tigris and Euphrates thereby aiding irrigation for agriculture, leading to ideal environments for permanent settlement and thereby civilisation taking root.

A stone relief depicting the hero Ninurta defeating Asag, also known as Assaku

A stone relief depicting the hero Ninurta defeating Asag, also known as Assaku

Amongst the the most powerful Sumerian demons is the Maskim who are a collection of seven demons regarded as the princes of hell. Maskim means “ensnarer” or “layers of ambush”. Azza, Azazel and Mephistopheles are among the Maskim. Sumerian descriptions of the Maskim say that they have the ability to disrupt planets and cosmic order. They can cause earthquakes and alter the course of the stars in the sky. They have also been known to attack humans with the most severe evil and spells.

Azazel, a powerful Sumerian demon but not regarded as an equivalent to Satan in the Christian religion

Azazel, a powerful Sumerian demon but not regarded as an equivalent to Satan in the Christian religion

 

Ancient Egypt

In Ancient Egypt, which formed around 3150 BC, beliefs in the divine and the afterlife were ingrained in ancient Egyptian civilisation from its inception; pharaonic rule was based on the divine right of kings. The Egyptian pantheon was populated by gods who had supernatural powers and were called upon to help or protect. However, the gods were not always viewed as benevolent. Egyptian gods embodied qualities of both good and evil, but the god Set personified more of the dark side than others.

Set or Seth was a Lord of the desert, storms, disorder, violence and foreigners in ancient Egyptian religion. In Ancient Greek, the god’s name was given as Sēth. Set was not a god to be avoided or shunned – though he was a dark force, he also held positive roles in ancient Egypt and Greece.

Set (left) with Horus (right) worshipping the Crown Prince Ramesses (Abu Simbel, Egypt)

Set (left) with Horus (right) worshipping the Crown Prince Ramesses (Abu Simbel, Egypt)

All around ancient Egypt were monuments erected in worship of Set, referring to him as “the powerful one of Thebes,” and “Ruler of the South”. Set’s pictures are easily recognised by his long, erect and square-tipped ears and his proboscis-like snout, which are said to indicate the head of a fabulous animal called the Oryx.

As an enemy to life, Set was identified with all forms of destruction. “He was the waning of the moon, the decrease of the waters of the Nile, and the setting of the sun”. But he was not alike Satan or any kind of evil deity. He was officially worshipped in a province west of the Nile, the starting point of the road to the northern oasis. The inhabitants, who were shepherds and guides to desert caravans, had good reasons to remain on friendly terms with the Lord of the desert. They regarded Set, or Sutech, as the only true God, the sole deity who alone was worthy of receiving divine honours. A great temple was also devoted to Set, as the god of war, in Tanis, near the swamps between the eastern branches of the Delta, an important town of the frontier.

Set was revered as the god of irresistible power, brute force, war, destruction as well as protection. Set was employed by the sun god Ra on his solar boat to repel the serpent of Chaos known as Apep. Set also held a vital role as a reconciled combatant and as he was Lord of the desert, he was the balance to Horus’s role as Lord of the black land (soil). In spite of the terror which he inspired, Set was originally not merely an evil demon but one of the great deities, who, as such, was feared and propitiated.

The pharaoh and second king of the 19th dynasty of Egypt Seti I (1294 BC to 1279 BC) derived his name from Set as a sign of high honour in which he was held among the shepherd kings.

 

Ancient Greece

Greek mythology features a religion and folklore with forces of both good and evil. In the pantheons of gods and goddesses, they are both benevolent and malevolent, and though some are mostly evil they are seldom completely so. The job of the more malevolent gods and goddesses is to tear things down via disaster, illness and death – they are essential in the eternal cycle of life, death and rebirth.

An ancient statue of Hades alongside Cerberus, the hound and guard of the Underworld gates

An ancient statue of Hades alongside Cerberus, the hound and guard of the Underworld gates

In Greek mythology the Underworld is where souls go after death, and is the original Greek idea of afterlife. At the moment of death the soul is separated from the corpse, taking on the shape of the former person, and is transported to the entrance of the Underworld. The Underworld itself is described as being either at the outer bounds of the ocean or beneath the depths or ends of the earth. It is considered the dark counterpart to the brightness of Mount Olympus, and is the kingdom of the dead that corresponds to the kingdom of the gods.

As ancient Greek mythology carry neither wholly good or wholly bad gods and goddesses, the most Devil-like character of the ancient Greek pantheon would be Hades, the eldest son of titans Cronus and Rhea and brother to Zeus and Poseidon. When the three brothers divided the world between themselves, Zeus received the heavens, Poseidon the sea and Hades the underworld. While Hades’s responsibility was in the underworld, he was allowed to have power on earth as well.

In art and literature Hades is depicted as stern and dignified, but not a fierce torturer or Satan-like in the least. However, he was considered the enemy to all life and was hated by both the gods and men; sacrifices and prayers did not appease him so mortals rarely tried. Though he ruled the underworld he was a benevolent keeper and exercised hospitality to the dead – there is no record of Hades tormenting those in the underworld. In Greek society, many viewed Hades as the least liked god and even the gods had an aversion towards him.

 

The origin of the Devil as “the horned beast”

Levi's famed Baphomet or Sabbatical Goat. The arms bear the Latin terms 'Solve' (meaning ‘to separate’) and 'Coagula' (meaning ‘to join together’), denoting the binding and loosening powers of the Devil.

Levi’s famed Baphomet or Sabbatical Goat. The arms bear the Latin terms ‘Solve’ (meaning ‘to separate’) and ‘Coagula’ (meaning ‘to join together’), denoting the binding and loosening powers of the Devil.

Whether you call him Satan, Lucifer or Mephistopheles, he is popularly seen as a bestial figure with even more faces than he has names. Over the past five centuries, artists have variously depicted the Devil as a fanged, horned and cloven-footed demon.

From around the 1500s and 1600s, Satan was portrayed as a horned beast with fur covering his body and he was regarded as the great enemy of Christ, the Church and mankind.

During the Middle Ages artists who has drawn Satan – Hieronymus Bosch, Albrecht Dürer, Hendrick Goltzius, all German – assembled together a picture of this beast based on various traditional imageries and depictions. Satan became a synthesised effigy – the cloven feet from Pan (the ancient Greek god, half goat and half man and a symbol of lustiness for life and a god of nature) and Pan’s horns, as well – and indeed the horned devil visage is also taken from the gods of various cults in the Near East. This devil archetype finally takes on the horror-inducing form of Baphomet, or the Sabbatic Goat as drawn by the occultist Eliphas Levi in the 19th Century.

The image of the Devil as a horned beast who is half man and half goat matches the image of Pan, the beloved fertility god that hailed from Arcadia, Greece.

The image of the Devil as a horned beast who is half man and half goat matches the image of Pan, the beloved fertility god that hailed from Arcadia, Greece.

Literature, too, has always had a major influence on how artists choose to represent Lucifer. In Dante’s Inferno (14th Century) the author provided the most graphic descriptions of the Devil: he stands upright, his lower half buried in a sea of ice and he bears three faces. He is seen grotesquely dining upon the three great traitors of historical legend: Judas Iscariot, Brutus and Cassius.

In later centuries, depictions of Satan in art evolved from a wretched beast to a more human figure. By the 18th Century, he appears ennobled and almost looking like a venerated Greek god. This is due to the aftermath of the French and American Revolutions which tried to expunge the more superstitious elements of Christian religion. People began to interpret the figure less as demonic and more as a heroic rebel against the oppression of the paternal god. These renderings were also influenced by Milton’s Paradise Lost, which drew Satan as an almost pitiable tragic hero.

In the 19th Century, the publication of Goethe’s Mephistopheles in Faust and Mark Twain’s Mysterious Stranger influenced artists to portray Satan as much more of a cunning, dandyish archetype – instead of scaring people into sin and intimidating them, he now uses persuasion.

While the image of Satan as a red, winged, horned figure persists in today’s popular imagination, contemporary artists have bestowed the Devil with the most human likenesses to date. It is an allegory to the “banality of evil,” as philosopher Hannah Arendt put it in her descriptions of Nazism. The Devil has become us, in a way. He is less personified as some evil creature. It’s the human who creates hell on Earth.

 

The Devil in New Age traditions

“New Age” is a broad movement characterised by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture with an interest in spirituality, mysticism, holism and environmentalism. It is a term applied to a range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in the West during the 1970s. This movement has since become global. Although analytically often considered to be religious, those involved in it typically prefer the designation of “spiritual” and rarely use the term “New Age” themselves.

In Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust, the Devil is seen less as a beast and more a cunning creature bent on leading his victims astray through seduction and persuasion

In Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust, the Devil is seen less as a beast and more a cunning creature bent on leading his victims astray through seduction and persuasion

New Age teachings became popular as a reaction against what some perceived as the failure of Christianity and the failure of Secular Humanism to provide spiritual and ethical guidance for the future. Its roots are traceable to many sources: Astrology, Channelling, Healing, Hinduism, Buddhism, Gnostic traditions, Spiritualism, Taoism, Theosophy, Wicca and other Neo-pagan traditions.

During the 1980s and 1990s the movement came under criticism, Channelling was ridiculed, group leaders were criticised for the fortunes that they made, beliefs in the “scientific” properties of crystals were exposed as groundless and so on. The movement has since become more established and is now a stable and major force but during this particular time the most alarming condemnation received by the movement were from certain conservative Christian circles who did not differentiate between Wicca (a New Age religion) and Satan worship.

Wicca (also known as Pagan Witchcraft) is a contemporary Pagan new religious movement. It was developed in England during the first half of the 20th Century and draws upon a diverse set of ancient pagan and 20th Century hermetic motifs for its theological structure and ritual practices.

Wiccans and Satanists – much to the consternation of each – are often confused for one another. There are a number of reasons for this: self-definition as witches, a belief in magic and the use of an encircled, five-pointed star as a holy symbol, to name a few. Fundamentally speaking, the two are not the same. Most Wiccans are essentially duo-theistic, venerating a God and a Goddess in equal measure, although some see both as different aspects of a greater, single deity.

Wiccans do not worship, nor do most recognise the existence of Satan or any other Devil-like archetype. Their beliefs are typically Earth-centred, with rituals and observances focused on the seasons and other natural forces and phenomena. Wiccans also believe in and perform “magick”- a highly ritualized form of prayer.

Wiccan paraphernalia. Wiccans do not worship the Christian God or the Satan, the Christian Devil.

Wiccan paraphernalia. Wiccans do not worship the Christian God or the Satan, the Christian Devil.

Wiccans also adhere to the Wiccan Rede (meaning creed): “If it harms none, do what you will; and the Three-fold Law of Return: that which you send out returns to you, three-fold.”

Wicca and Satanism are as different as any two religious belief systems and if there is any one thing Wiccans and Satanists have in common, it is that they are often maligned and misunderstood by others outside of their respective faiths. While it may be argued that Satanists invite this to some degree by deliberately setting themselves in philosophical opposition to more mainstream religions, understanding all faiths in all their differences and similarities is key to ensuring that protection and freedom of religious practice remains in place for everybody.

 

Conclusion

In reality it appears that there is no intrinsic good and evil and neither is there an agreed personification of the Devil. The Devil or Satan it seems is more a term denoting evil than an actual entity, a god of Hell and leader of the demonic hordes as he is regarded today. In turn, what is ‘evil’ has evolved over time to reflect the pevailing politics and influences of the period. What was once a god to be worshipped in one era can easily become the personification in another era.

Perhaps, there is no Devil or satan or dark prince we can blame our afflition and weakneses on. Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung suggested that a healthier response is to confront “evil”was not by religious repression, which only increases the shadow of the unconscious, but by conscious mindfulness and management of “evil” elements that we recognise in ourselves. Quoting Jung, “None of us stands outside humanity’s black collective shadow”.
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Martin Chow
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About Martin Chow

Accidental Buddhist, hesitant writer and fortunate student of H.E. Tsem Rinpoche. He's been there, done that and seriously cannot think of a better place to be than Now. Martin's ability to partake in all earthly pleasures ruined by CS Lewis' quote:"I sometimes wonder whether all pleasures are not substitutes for joy." You can find more of his writings on his blog www.martinmkc.com.
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26 Responses to The Devil

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  1. Meghna on Sep 25, 2018 at 1:07 am

    Loved this article!

    The plethora of explanations and beliefs about the Devil in various religions are so very interesting. Monotheistic [Abrahamic] religions usually see all ‘evil’ as originating from one central character; probably as their theology is mostly ‘god’ [singular/supreme] centric.

    Though, it is interesting as about how demons are viewed as entities of power [Keys of Solomon etc] and how mastery over them was supposedly achievable. The context ranges between – is there really a supreme evil or do all carry the seeds of it? And what of the morally ambiguous actions [like, using evil to achieve the ‘greater’ good?]

    Hence the reason why the polytheistic application of the many avatars/identities or incarnations of deities all differing attributes – not all of them light or necessarily benevolent. Eastern religions connect the soul’s journey with the concept of reincarnation and liberation [be it nivana or moksha] – hence actions develop a more complex reasoning than simply being as ‘good’ or ‘evil’ or right or wrong.
    [eg. the mythology between Rama/Ravan] Evil, hence is more often than not – subjective and prone.
    eg. In the beginning – the term ‘Asura’ extended to all powerful inhumane beings, even those classified as the ‘devas’. The distinction came later.
    The Yakshas [nature spirits] were also no necessarily evil either.

    In the end; be it this one life or the next few thousand…all major religions focus on some form of interconnected or relatable idea of morality or ethics which there there in place to ensure a positive/dharmic life in this ‘imperfect’ human state…till we can ascend to a higher state/ heaven.

    The rest, as always, is upto debate.

  2. Katie Choong on May 24, 2018 at 12:03 am

    It is such a good topic for discussion as it stimulates us to think about its cause and find deeper meaning out of it. Knowing a little more about devil then make educated guess, ultimately come out with lessons to learn. Im blessed. 😇

  3. Pastor Chia on May 23, 2018 at 9:02 am

    I always belieave evil or darkforce existing when the universe begin. Whether devil have the form or not, different religion talk about devil or demon existing. Important is mankind can feel it within themselve, evil are existing. If buddhism belieave or cause and effect and all the sentient being have same nature like the buddha. ,same time evil mind extist within us. Buddha awaken see clearly how sentient being suffer how evil mind extisting and teach buddha dharma to tame our delution mind .

  4. June Kang on May 23, 2018 at 8:10 am

    如果我没有记错的话,我曾经读到悉达多太子在苦行中所经历的,“悉达多太子在苦行的修行成果撼动了魔殿,魔王害怕悉達多太子真正覺悟,就派了三名魔女扰乱太子,這三個魔女是愛欲、樂欲和貪欲,但太子對魔女淫蕩的挑逗視而不見,毫不動心”。

    所以不管有没有真正的魔鬼,我们心中早已经住了三个魔鬼-愛欲、樂欲和貪欲, 它们 也是痛苦烦恼的来源,我们学佛的重点之一是向佛陀学习如何摧毁这三个魔鬼。

  5. Mingwen on May 23, 2018 at 7:34 am

    I think there are many gods & devils, and they are just like Buddha Shakyamuni, who find their own ways to their inividual paths. However, the world should has a first god, first devils & first Buddha, then the population increases.

  6. Pastor Albert on May 23, 2018 at 7:11 am

    Devil was being used for different terms, since young, I heard the word devil in some occasions, Devil was used to describe someone who is evil, like haunting ghost and human who are very bad, basically, any beings who has done a lot of evil things will be called Devil.

    Just like what Buddhism has taught, Devil is our maras, it is within us and not some physical being, just like what I was being instilled when I was very small, Devil exist inside us, the devil and the angel, they will always appear at the 2 sides of our shoulders, one side is Devil and another side is angel, so when anything happened, the devil and angel will appear and tell us what to do, one side is to encourage us to commit into negative action and angel will tell us it is not good to do bad things and we must do good, it depends on our mind to determine who will win, the devil or the angel.

    So to me, I do believe Devil is in within us, and it is also in within all the beings in this 6 realms and the ‘devil’ arises from our desire, hatred and ignorant, cos our devil will always encourage us to do whatever to fulfill our desires.

  7. TekLee on May 23, 2018 at 1:33 am

    This is a very interesting article, that makes us think, does Devil really exist? And, where did Devil come from? Since it occurred when Christ started, and it was believed to be way before Buddha was enlightened, I think Devil exist whenever there was human beings. Devil is actually in humans mind. Where people gave it a name ever since religion started. Just like we all know, when there’s a good side, the is a bad side. So Devil is the one that influence, or even control the bad side of our mind. Thus, through practicing Dharma, transform our mind, is the cure to get rid of the Devil in our mind, just like Buddha did when he touched the ground.

  8. Justin Cheah on May 23, 2018 at 1:14 am

    I like to link this with law of the world phenomenom, where there is before there will be after. If there is up there will be down, etc. For this if there is a good side, there will always be a bad side, in this case, this article. It seems that this phenomenon is widely accepted around the world based on the article.

  9. Vivian Ong on May 23, 2018 at 12:25 am

    Based on my own understanding and definition of Devil and Angel is good versus bad. Devil is the bad things for example attitude, behaviour, ignorance, delusions, etc. Whereas the Angel is good side of things for example compassion, kind, care, etc. Both Devil and Angel stems from our mind whereby any good or bad things that we think will be reflected in our actions. So both Devil and Angel are just mere labels created by humans to differentiate the good and bad.

  10. Andrea Lai on May 22, 2018 at 10:56 pm

    Personally, I don’t believe existing of devil, satan or demon in a form. What I truly understanding the existing of devil in everybody inner body and mind. Our mind is a very fragile that easily distracted by every small details of event. It is up to us how we transform our thought to be better or worst. That is where the devil comes in, as I know devil , demon or satan meaning as negative, bad energy and evil. It is very important that our mind need strength to subdue negativity thoughts to avoid further damage our brain and body as well.
    Hence, religions play very important role in our life. Religion thought us to overcome our ego, ignorance and most important the transformation of our mind. Thank you, Rinpoche and Martin for this informative article to heal our thoughts.

  11. nicholas on May 22, 2018 at 10:43 pm

    Different religions have their own interpretation of Devil. Some relate devil to an object that with negative actions and some believe that devil is within us. I personally believe that we are our own god and devil. We are the one that control what we choose to be. If we keep nurture our negative value and let it out like a devil and there we are but if we choose to practice compassion, kindness, let go hatred and all the positive value then our inner Buddha will shine out. Whether there is devil it’s all in our mind and is only us can tell whether it exist within us.

  12. pammie yap on May 22, 2018 at 10:34 pm

    I believe that the ‘devil’ was created way back when religion exist, to control the people. This is so that the people will follow controllers’ rules and regulations and everything is easier for them to manage. As time passed, the term devil became a label. A label which people put to define others when they do something ‘bad’. I do not believe that the devil is a separate entity. The devil/mara is in our mind. Our poisons that lead us to more sufferings. But this does not mean that it cannot be defeated as Buddha has shown us the way.

  13. Pastor Henry Ooi on May 22, 2018 at 10:34 pm

    Humans worldwide have their own religious and spiritual belief, whether it is based on religion, spirituality, superstition, culture, tradition, politics. There could be others that are not mentioned in this article. Whatever the belief is, I think most importantly is that humans should treat each other with respect, love, compassion and kindness; including tolerance, forgiveness, generosity and all the positive characteristics for all humans to live and lead peaceful lives. If only we learn and start to do these then this world that we call Earth will be a peaceful place to live in.

  14. Julia Tan on May 22, 2018 at 8:31 pm

    Who’s the Devil? That lady who wears Prada?? By reading the above, i came to a understand that there’s no definition of devil nor angel. Angel can appeared as a devil for good intention, and devil can be appeared as angel for bad intention. That’s what happened in our daily life in the prison of samsara. All our anger, jealousy, delusion, doubt and attachment are the devil within our mind. When we our come the devil from within, our Buddha nature will arise. We need to see or encounter devil to find the Buddha within.

    Anything or anyone that go against us we consider it as devil. Devil will be those being blamed as problems and critical situation creator. Dorje Shugden, a Dharma protector who have been worshipped over 600 years for spiritual practice by all monks is now named as devil or demon by CTA (Tibetan leadership) in order to be blamed as someone stopped all the Tibetans from going back to their home land. So a Buddha figure can be seen as devil in the next moment without any logical explanation nor reasons. To me who’s the actual devil? Who has been creating the sufferings? Who’s has been lying and abusive and discriminating human?

    Devils can be seen every where around you in human form or even inside of your mind.

    • Eric kksiow on May 22, 2018 at 11:47 pm

      Totally agree what’s Julia mentioned above. ( Devils can be seen every where around you in human form or even inside of your mind. )

      Personally i don’t see any Devils or Demons, i believed that the bigger Devil is ours own mind. Copied from Julia – All our anger, jealousy, delusion, doubt and attachment are the devil within our mind.

  15. Datuk May on May 22, 2018 at 7:07 pm

    As normal human beings the classification of the Devil, Satan and whatever names that we may categorise “evil” is only but a personification of the evil within us.

    Seriously as most of us have never seen God and neither have we seen the devil. Would it therefore be possible that the evil and goodness within us are but personified as God and Devil to show us the way to choose how to live our lives.

    Do we choose to live our lives along the path of the devil and be happy to be selfish and self indulging or that of Godliness of goodness and kindness to be of value to society and our fellow human beings.

    Are Gods and devils depicted for us to see the difference between the worthy way of spending our lives and the improper way?

  16. Aldan Chan on Jul 4, 2017 at 8:16 pm

    Thank you for sharing this article. Satan can cause harm to anybody and there are some celebrities writing songs about and for Satan. The part of the song is reversed or directly forward playing. It is interesting that THE DEVIL is mentioned in some religions and that some evil beings like Mara is not Satan although they have the same personality. Thank you for sharing _/\_

  17. Pastor Lim Han Nee on Mar 16, 2017 at 4:38 pm

    Thank you, Martin, for a very interesting, very thorough and detailed, as well as well-researched account of the origin and history of the “Devil” or “Satan”. However, while the Devil has been portrayed very graphically by many religions as a distinct or separate entity or force,outside of us,( and often with the sole mission of “destroying our soul”), he is ,on the other hand, seen by Eastern religions , like Buddhism, as a force within us, not an entity outside us.

    I believe, as Lord Buddha taught over 2600 years ago, that there is no separate or external entity called the Devil. Instead, there are forces of evil, within us, as embodied in the three poisons- attachment, ignorance and hatred/anger. The forces of good within us are epitomized by our virtuous qualities or potentials , such as kindness, compassion, patience, generosity. It is for the individual to grow a mindfulness of these forces working within us, to manage them so that the forces of good will dominate and will shape our happiness. Whereas, if we let our negative forces or the forces of ‘evil’ dominate, then we will spiral down into abject misery and rebirths in suffering states.

  18. Samfoonheei on Mar 15, 2017 at 1:42 pm

    All religions Judaism, Christianity, Islam ,Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism have their own individual beliefs,defination and views of Devil. All cultures and religions that acceptance that Devil exist and is regarded as a creature,spirits or some sort.We can blame our weakneses on whether there is devil or satan or dark prince it is called. Our ego represents the conscious mind as it comprises the thoughts, memories, and emotions.Its how one see the devil as bad or good.
    In the Buddhist religion, both good and evil rest within the practitioner .
    Thank you, Martin for this informative and very detail article.I do enjoyed reading it.

  19. wan wai meng on Mar 9, 2017 at 11:23 am

    I have enjoyed reading about the origins of the ‘Devil’. Buddhism has it share of external Maras or Devil or Demon, call it what you like, but no matter how powerful such beings are, if such beings are not enlightened they are subject to the laws of cause and effect. We can only be harmed if we have the karma to be harmed.

    Our internal Maras, the 3 or 5 poisons, can harm us lifetime after lifetime also, in fact for infinite amount of lifetimes, perhaps Buddhism emphasizes of our own delusion that can create so much sufferings for us. The ‘Enemy’ within can be more powerful to give us neverending suffering compared to an external ‘Enemy’.

  20. Pastor David Lai on Mar 4, 2017 at 1:49 am

    From working the other article on Halloween, its almost certain that the goat-like devil was almost certain to be an adaptation of the Celtic divinity of Pan or the ‘Horned One’ of the Wiccan religion. The early Christian popes and Church leaders incorporated the visuals of the Horned One as the devil in order to imprint negative association to the divinity of the indigenous religion. Thereby, they are able to further convert the masses to the new religion.

    In this way, image of the devil was set and had become the archetype of the horned and hooved devil that we know today. This is further corroborated by the fact that there is no known description of the devil in the bible. Looks like the image of the devil is made and perhaps, the devil himself is too.

  21. Stella Cheang on Mar 3, 2017 at 4:02 pm

    I always wonder what is The Devil, and why are some population of the world so fearful of it, while not so much by some others in the world. Interestingly, in this article, it is visibly clear that The Devil could be the creation of monotheistic religions as the opponent to the goodness of God and spiritual attainments. During the Greco-Roman period when the concept of good and evil was further morphed from a relative concept to an absolute one, The Devil had became the inevitable one to be blamed for all things evil for he is portrayed as the engineer of all undesirable things. Or is he? Thank you, Martin for this informative article.

  22. Sock Wan on Mar 2, 2017 at 7:29 pm

    The quote “Hell is empty and all the devils are here.” from William Shakespeare made me laugh. This is so true, all of us are somehow a devil in our own way.

    So in ancient time there was no absolute good or bad.. A god or a devil can have good qualities and bad qualities in them, just like human beings. I wonder why later God is portrayed as all good and devil is portrayed as all evil? To create fears in human so human will obey what the god says since he/she is all good and can protect us from the devils?

  23. Choong on Feb 22, 2017 at 8:54 pm

    I suppose in the human construct, where there is pleasure there must also be pain.

  24. Fong on Feb 21, 2017 at 3:06 pm

    As stated in the conclusion, there is no “Devil or satan or dark prince we can blame our affliction and weaknesses on”. Both good and evil is within us and is upon us to recognize and choose by conscious mindfulness and management of “evil” elements which is the better path to walk.

  25. Anne Ong on Feb 20, 2017 at 6:42 pm

    Normally devils and and spirits are not my cup of coffee type of topic. But what you have here really caught my interest! People always seem to have a lot of perceive differences as in what is good and what is bad. What is wrong and what is right. Likewise,a person’s enemy might be another person’s good friend. I like your explaination of different types of devils from different types of religion.I personally believe that there are holy ghost and spirits. Just as there are also good and bad human beings. As long it does no harm to anyone, it’s not fair nor right to judge what we can or cannot worship to. Hence, we have human rights for religious freedom. Thank you Martin for this very interesting article. Hope to see more of your wonderful articles in the near future and keep up the great works! 🙂

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  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Jan 23. 2020 08:31 PM
    Rejoice to those able to witness such an auspicious trance in Wisdom Hall at Kechara Forest Retreat, Bentong . A privilege for many fortunate ones, to witness to our Dharma Protector Dorje Shugden and Karcho Marpo, via the Panglung oracle in full trance, which is very rare. The very first time opened to public and is a tremendous blessing and great merits for all. Panglung Kuten (oracle) was the most famous oracle of Kache Marpo and Dorje Shugden before 1959 in Tibet. Tibet has an ancient and popular tradition of oracles which involves Dharma Protector to descend into a human oracle. Panglung kuten is a very well-known oracle of over 7 great Dharma protectors, who are able to enter him, take full control of his body and speech. Many people from Tibet, Nepal , India and over the world came to seek accurate prophecies, advise and healing from this well- known oracle. For me been able to watch the video is a blessing and pictures tells me a thousand words as I only came to know Kechara in 2016.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/dorje-shugden/700-meet-a-buddha.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Jan 23. 2020 08:15 PM
    Many Dharma practitioners rely on Dharma protectors when they seek protection . Dharma protectors play various roles in different aspects of Buddhism . The practice of Dharma protectors has evolved through a long history in India and Tibet. In all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism history, various forceful spirits were tamed by great figures like Guru Rinpoche to become protectors of Buddhism. The purpose of this Dharma Protector practice is to remove obstacles and gather all favourable conditions for their spiritual practice. Within the Nyingma tradition they have Rahula as one of Dharma protectors, Ekajati as the main protector of the Dzogchen teachings while Dorje Shugden is Gelupa Dharma protector and there so many others dharma protectors been practice. Each of the wrathful forms of each protectors varies , depicting their believed willingness to defend and guard practitioners from dangers and enemies. Dharma protectors has benefited countless of sentient beings , granting protection wisdom, material needs and so forth.
    Thank you Rinpoche and Pastor Niral for this knowledgeable post.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/dharma-protectors-of-tibetan-buddhism.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Jan 23. 2020 08:12 PM
    Begtse Chen is one of the main protectors of the Geluk School of Tibetan Buddhism and especially revered in Mongolia. The origin of Begtse Chen can be traced to a pre-Buddhist deity in 16th century . Begtse Chen is the main protector associated with the Hayagriva cycle of Tantric Deity meditation practice.
    In Tibetan Buddhism Begtse is believed to have originated in India. The practice entered Tibet with Nyen Lotsawa in the 11th century. As a protector deity that does battle with the forces of evil and the wicked and guards the righteous and faithful . His terrifying, monstrous face it appearance serves only to frighten demons and dark spirits away and serves as a beacon of justice as well as a guardian of wisdom to all who see and revere him. Their wrathful forms depicting their believed willingness to defend and guard everyone from dangers and enemies. Interesting read to understand better of this Dharma Protector.
    Thank you for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/the-dharma-protector-begtse-chen.html
  • S.Prathap
    Thursday, Jan 23. 2020 04:33 PM
    This story is very inspiring.Plants are very important nowadays as we, humans, require oxygen to live. The confidence level in the man has influenced him to change the barren land to a place filled with thousand of various plants.
    Youngsters should take this man as a role model not only for planting trees but for the confidence in him. Not only confidence, but even loaded of courage in him.Thank you very much for the good and inspiring article.

    https://bit.ly/2TOHbmZ


  • S.Prathap
    Wednesday, Jan 22. 2020 04:38 PM
    As we can see in the video these people can help others through these powers , such abilities can also be developed through reciting mantras consistently on a daily basis.It is really interesting of to understand the existing of psychic, which may come from birth or by disaster like lightning.
    Always fascinated by people who have psychic powers. Wonder how it feels like to be able to know and see things the way they do. Personally I don’t know anyone with this ability.Thank you very much for this interesting and educational article.

    https://bit.ly/37jKFBR


  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Jan 20. 2020 04:09 PM
    Thank you Pastor David for sharing all the wonderful encounters of shopping with Rinpoche. As we know Rinpoche rarely goes shopping for himself but as gifts for various students. Reading this post simply have me thinking, one must be observant to develop knowledge, and to apply what we read from the Lamrim topics into our lives. Being observant of our surroundings and practicing situational awareness at all times.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/tales-with-my-lama-the-shopping-experience-with-rinpoche
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Jan 20. 2020 04:08 PM
    nteresting ….in Tibetan culture wild mushrooms spotted is a symbol of good luck. At Kechara Forest Retreat ,H.E. Tsem Rinpoche’s private garden, mushrooms been spotted which is considered a good omen something good or arrival of good news , very auspicious symbol. Associated with nature and the beauty of the forest, having mushrooms popping up on one garden is rare and is very auspicious in Tibetan Buddhism, which will represent the Dharma will flourish in the near future. It’s indeed an auspicious sign.
    Thank you for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/an-auspicious-omen-in-kechara-forest-retreat
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Jan 20. 2020 04:02 PM
    Religion should not come into politics as it is not one religion among other. These two should not mixed together or the results would be catastrophic To these days religion and politics seem to be all mixed up. It is happening to the present day where the Tibetan Leadership is against the Dorje Shugden practice. Its far too long the Dorje Shugden controversy been going on which is unnecessary and illogical causing sufferings, disharmony , discrimination and so forth among practitioners and non-practitioners. The Tibetan people should be given religious freedom to practise how and what they want. The Dalai Lama who promotes peace and harmony should do more to help those affected by the ban and not specking against them causing confusion. Hopefully the previous advice against Dorje Shugden should be retracted for the sake of a peace and harmony. It would be wonderful if Dalai Lama could have discussion with the Chinese leadership to solve the present problems once for all. China is a great and powerful nation, it would be good to have a good closer relationship . May Dalai Lama live long and back to his homeland Tibet soon. And may Dalai Lama lift the ban against Dorje Shugden .
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/dorje-shugden/dalai-lama-china-shugden.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Sunday, Jan 19. 2020 09:16 PM
    Tsem Rinpoche was one definitely a modern Lama ,it was Rinpoche that we have online knowledge , learning and practicing Dharma. Being one of the first lamas to recognise the benefits of using the Internet to spread dharma teachings for free. We are very fortunate to have met Rinpoche , whereby we are able to learn, practice Dharma teachings. I myself got to know Rinpoche through his blog . Since I stumbled across Rinpoche blog, there is no stopping for me. I have visited it daily and to increase my Buddhism knowledge . Its amazing each day I learn something new , really interest and inspiring.
    Rinpoche had set the blog to preserve the teachings as taught by his many Gurus. Rinpoche was truly a modern Lama yet maintaining all traditional commitments, guru devotion, daily practices and so forth.
    Thank you Rinpoche with folded hands and Pastor Jean Ai for sharing this wonderful post.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/growing-up-with-rinpoche-the-traditional-modern-lama
  • Samfoonheei
    Sunday, Jan 19. 2020 09:14 PM
    Helmut Gassner, known as Venerable Gelong Jampa Lungtog is a senior Buddhist monk from Austria. He was an electrical engineer before, and became interested in Buddhism after meeting Venerable Geshe Rabten Rinpoche. Throughout his lifetime, he has translated for many high lamas, including His Holiness the Dalai Lama, and is a strong advocate for the practice of Dorje Shugden. Helmut Gassner were annoyed and upset by the ban of Dorje Shugden by Dalai Lama ,as he knew that the practice of Dorje Shugden is an integral part of the Gaden Tradition. He bravely spoke about it in his speech at the Friedrich-Naumann-Foundation in Germany. Its wonderful of him to tell the truth with his experience and knowledge. May more people dare to speck up about the truth.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/translator-ven-helmut-gassner-on-dalai-lama-and-dorje-shugden.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Saturday, Jan 18. 2020 02:42 PM
    Great teachings and inspirational for us to ponder, thank you Rinpoche. Each words and sentence tell us a thousand words. Great things never come from comfort zones, is the result of hard work and hustle over time that one is successful. We ourselves got to put in action as no one else is going to do it for us. Sometimes later becomes never. We have to use each day as an opportunity to improve, to be better and to transform our mind. It might sound like a lot of work but with determination and hard work nothing is impossible in life.
    Thanks again with folded hands.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/if-you-are.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Saturday, Jan 18. 2020 02:39 PM
    Interesting biography of Gendun Gyatso the second Dalai Lama. Gendun Gyatso previous Incarnations was Gendun Drub the First Dalai Lama b.1391 – d.1474. He was born an extraordinary child, able to speak in song of his previous life and expressing the wish to return to his monastery, Tashilhunpo. Even before he finished his studies , incredibly he could give teachings and give initiations. He was a renowned scholar and composer of mystical poetry, who travelled widely to extend Gelugpa influence. He was remembered as one who built the monastery Chokhor Gyel Metok Tang and involving an extremely important decision of Lhamo Latso. Lhamo Latso is a sacred lake located in southern Tibet where senior Tibetan monks go for visions to assist in the discovery of reincarnations. It is one of the most significant pilgrimage destinations in Tibetan Buddhism as to this day. He left a legacy with many volumes of verse, composition, and practice instructions.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/the-second-dalai-lama-gendun-gyatso.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Saturday, Jan 18. 2020 02:38 PM
    Master Cheng Yen is a Taiwanese Buddhist nun, most known for her work as a teacher and philanthropist. She is the founder of the Buddhist Compassion Relief Tzu Chi Foundation, a non-governmental organization.
    She is involved in various charitable works such as international disaster relief, environmental protection and preservation, community volunteering, health donations and so forth. She is an extraordinary Buddhist nun who has devoted whole her life to helping others,and was recognized internationally with numerous awards to date. Master Cheng Yen continues this noble path of teaching the Buddha Dharma, skillfully revealing how this ancient wisdom is as relevant today, as ever. And, she is a truly inspirational force when it comes to helping us realize that we should put compassion in action by alleviating the suffering of others. She is also known as Mother Teresa of the East to many.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this inspiring post.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/mother-teresa-of-the-east.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, Jan 17. 2020 05:58 PM
    Thank you Rinpoche for the sharing . FEARLESS is getting back up and fighting for what we want over and over again without giving up. Successful people have no fear of failure they stay open to all possibilities of the outcomes. We embrace change, even change that appears negative by thinking positive. Being fearless is more about who we are, rather than what we do. Fearless people are great, they are full of life, good energy, passion and self-belief. We must try as we never know if we do not try. Keep trying as the success rate is higher than we thought.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/thoughts.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, Jan 17. 2020 05:54 PM
    Happiness is not made by what we own, it is what we share and giving generously and sincerely. A simple gift by June Tang tells all. Given sincerely from her heart on her birthday to Rinpoche . It’s all done without money, that’s very true and that’s what I consider true generosity for sure. Giving what she could. She give all and yet she feel as if it costs her nothing. But to Rinpoche its mean a lot of sincerity We seek to give with an open, pure heart, with no attachment to what we are .
    Quoted… no true spiritual life is possible without a generous heart. Generosity allies itself with an inner feeling of abundance—the feeling that we have enough to share.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/study-groups/its-all-done-without-money.html

1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · »

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The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
So go pursue all the way with the unknown,
because all unknown with familiarity becomes the known.
~Tsem Rinpoche

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108 candles and sang (incense) offered at our Wish-Fulfilling Grotto, invoking Dorje Shugden\'s blessings for friends, sponsors and supporters, wonderful!
yesterday
108 candles and sang (incense) offered at our Wish-Fulfilling Grotto, invoking Dorje Shugden's blessings for friends, sponsors and supporters, wonderful!
Dharmapalas are not exclusive to Tibetan culture and their practice is widespread throughout the Buddhist world - https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=193645
yesterday
Dharmapalas are not exclusive to Tibetan culture and their practice is widespread throughout the Buddhist world - https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=193645
One of our adorable Kechara Forest Retreat\'s doggies, Tara, happy and safe, and enjoying herself in front of Wisdom Hall which has been decorated for Chinese New Year
1 week ago
One of our adorable Kechara Forest Retreat's doggies, Tara, happy and safe, and enjoying herself in front of Wisdom Hall which has been decorated for Chinese New Year
Fragrant organic Thai basil harvested from our very own Kechara Forest Retreat farm!
1 week ago
Fragrant organic Thai basil harvested from our very own Kechara Forest Retreat farm!
On behalf of our Puja House team, Pastor Tat Ming receives food and drinks from Rinpoche. Rinpoche wanted to make sure the hardworking Puja House team are always taken care of.
1 week ago
On behalf of our Puja House team, Pastor Tat Ming receives food and drinks from Rinpoche. Rinpoche wanted to make sure the hardworking Puja House team are always taken care of.
By the time I heard about Luang Phor Thong, he was already very old, in his late 80s. When I heard about him, I immediately wanted to go and pay my respects to him. - http://bit.ly/LuangPhorThong
2 weeks ago
By the time I heard about Luang Phor Thong, he was already very old, in his late 80s. When I heard about him, I immediately wanted to go and pay my respects to him. - http://bit.ly/LuangPhorThong
It\'s very nice to see volunteers helping maintain holy sites in Kechara Forest Retreat, it\'s very good for them. Cleaning Buddha statues is a very powerful and effective way of purifying body karma.
2 weeks ago
It's very nice to see volunteers helping maintain holy sites in Kechara Forest Retreat, it's very good for them. Cleaning Buddha statues is a very powerful and effective way of purifying body karma.
Kechara Forest Retreat is preparing for the upcoming Chinese New Year celebrations. This is our holy Vajra Yogini stupa which is now surrounded by beautiful lanterns organised by our students.
2 weeks ago
Kechara Forest Retreat is preparing for the upcoming Chinese New Year celebrations. This is our holy Vajra Yogini stupa which is now surrounded by beautiful lanterns organised by our students.
One of the most recent harvests from our Kechara Forest Retreat land. It was grown free of chemicals and pesticides, wonderful!
2 weeks ago
One of the most recent harvests from our Kechara Forest Retreat land. It was grown free of chemicals and pesticides, wonderful!
Third picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
6 months ago
Third picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
6 months ago
Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
First picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
6 months ago
First picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
The first title published by Kechara Comics is Karuna Finds A Way. It tells the tale of high-school sweethearts Karuna and Adam who had what some would call the dream life. Everything was going great for them until one day when reality came knocking on their door. Caught in a surprise swindle, this loving family who never harmed anyone found themselves out of luck and down on their fortune. Determined to save her family, Karuna goes all out to find a solution. See what she does- https://bit.ly/2LSKuWo
6 months ago
The first title published by Kechara Comics is Karuna Finds A Way. It tells the tale of high-school sweethearts Karuna and Adam who had what some would call the dream life. Everything was going great for them until one day when reality came knocking on their door. Caught in a surprise swindle, this loving family who never harmed anyone found themselves out of luck and down on their fortune. Determined to save her family, Karuna goes all out to find a solution. See what she does- https://bit.ly/2LSKuWo
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
7 months ago
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
7 months ago
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
7 months ago
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
8 months ago
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat\'s land here in Malaysia
8 months ago
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat's land here in Malaysia
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
8 months ago
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
8 months ago
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
8 months ago
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
8 months ago
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
Sacred Vajra Yogini
8 months ago
Sacred Vajra Yogini
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
8 months ago
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
8 months ago
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha\'s mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
8 months ago
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha's mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha\'s. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
8 months ago
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha's. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
8 months ago
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
8 months ago
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
This is pretty amazing!

First Sri Lankan Buddhist temple opened in Dubai!!!
8 months ago
This is pretty amazing! First Sri Lankan Buddhist temple opened in Dubai!!!
My Dharma boy (left) and Oser girl loves to laze around on the veranda in the mornings. They enjoy all the trees, grass and relaxing under the hot sun. Sunbathing is a favorite daily activity. I care about these two doggies of mine very much and I enjoy seeing them happy. They are with me always. Tsem Rinpoche

Always be kind to animals and eat vegetarian- https://bit.ly/2Psp8h2
8 months ago
My Dharma boy (left) and Oser girl loves to laze around on the veranda in the mornings. They enjoy all the trees, grass and relaxing under the hot sun. Sunbathing is a favorite daily activity. I care about these two doggies of mine very much and I enjoy seeing them happy. They are with me always. Tsem Rinpoche Always be kind to animals and eat vegetarian- https://bit.ly/2Psp8h2
After you left me Mumu, I was alone. I have no family or kin. You were my family. I can\'t stop thinking of you and I can\'t forget you. My bond and connection with you is so strong. I wish you were by my side. Tsem Rinpoche
8 months ago
After you left me Mumu, I was alone. I have no family or kin. You were my family. I can't stop thinking of you and I can't forget you. My bond and connection with you is so strong. I wish you were by my side. Tsem Rinpoche
This story is a life-changer. Learn about the incredible Forest Man of India | 印度“森林之子”- https://bit.ly/2Eh4vRS
8 months ago
This story is a life-changer. Learn about the incredible Forest Man of India | 印度“森林之子”- https://bit.ly/2Eh4vRS
Part 2-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
8 months ago
Part 2-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
Part 1-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
8 months ago
Part 1-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
The great Protector Manjushri Dorje Shugden depicted in the beautiful Mongolian style. To download a high resolution file: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
8 months ago
The great Protector Manjushri Dorje Shugden depicted in the beautiful Mongolian style. To download a high resolution file: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
The Mystical land of Shambhala is finally ready for everyone to feast their eyes and be blessed. A beautiful post with information, art work, history, spirituality and a beautiful book composed by His Holiness the 6th Panchen Rinpoche. ~ https://bit.ly/309MHBi
9 months ago
The Mystical land of Shambhala is finally ready for everyone to feast their eyes and be blessed. A beautiful post with information, art work, history, spirituality and a beautiful book composed by His Holiness the 6th Panchen Rinpoche. ~ https://bit.ly/309MHBi
Beautiful pictures of the huge Buddha in Longkou Nanshan- https://bit.ly/2LsBxVb
9 months ago
Beautiful pictures of the huge Buddha in Longkou Nanshan- https://bit.ly/2LsBxVb
The reason-Very interesting thought- https://bit.ly/2V7VT5r
9 months ago
The reason-Very interesting thought- https://bit.ly/2V7VT5r
NEW Bigfoot cafe in Malaysia! Food is delicious!- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
9 months ago
NEW Bigfoot cafe in Malaysia! Food is delicious!- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
DON\'T MISS THIS!~How brave Bonnie survived by living with a herd of deer~ https://bit.ly/2Lre2eY
9 months ago
DON'T MISS THIS!~How brave Bonnie survived by living with a herd of deer~ https://bit.ly/2Lre2eY
Global Superpower China Will Cut Meat Consumption by 50%! Very interesting, find out more- https://bit.ly/2V1sJFh
9 months ago
Global Superpower China Will Cut Meat Consumption by 50%! Very interesting, find out more- https://bit.ly/2V1sJFh
You can download this beautiful Egyptian style Dorje Shugden Free- https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
9 months ago
You can download this beautiful Egyptian style Dorje Shugden Free- https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
Beautiful high file for print of Lord Manjushri. May you be blessed- https://bit.ly/2V8mwZe
9 months ago
Beautiful high file for print of Lord Manjushri. May you be blessed- https://bit.ly/2V8mwZe
Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
9 months ago
Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
9 months ago
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
9 months ago
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
Silver Manjusri figure from Ngemplak Semongan (Indonesia). Apparently during the Shailendra Dynasty, Mahayana Buddhism was very strong in Indonesia. This Dynasty promoted Mahayana Buddhism and Manjushri was a principal Buddha of worship.
9 months ago
Silver Manjusri figure from Ngemplak Semongan (Indonesia). Apparently during the Shailendra Dynasty, Mahayana Buddhism was very strong in Indonesia. This Dynasty promoted Mahayana Buddhism and Manjushri was a principal Buddha of worship.
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    2 yearss ago
    What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    Sick animals are more profitable... farms calculate how close to death they can keep animals without killing them. That's the business model. How quickly they can be made to grow, how tightly they can be packed, how much or how little can they eat, how sick they can get without dying... We live in a world in which it's conventional to treat an animal like a block of wood. ~ Jonathan Safran Foer
  • This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
    2 yearss ago
    This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
  • SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    2 yearss ago
    SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    This happens daily in slaughterhouse so you can get your pork and Bak ku teh. Stop eating meat.

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Ask the Pastors

A section for you to clarify your Dharma questions with Kechara’s esteemed pastors.

Just post your name and your question below and one of our pastors will provide you with an answer.

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CHAT PICTURES

Throwback KSDS Graduation - All kids were so excited with to perform. Lin Mun KSDS
1 week ago
Throwback KSDS Graduation - All kids were so excited with to perform. Lin Mun KSDS
Throwback WOAH camp 2016 - DIY soap. So interesting. Lin Mun KSDS
1 week ago
Throwback WOAH camp 2016 - DIY soap. So interesting. Lin Mun KSDS
Children learning the method to make water offering to Buddha. Lin Mun KSDS
1 week ago
Children learning the method to make water offering to Buddha. Lin Mun KSDS
Monthly animal liberation in Kechara House. KSDS have opportunity to participate in the meritorious activity every mth. Lin Mun KSDS
1 week ago
Monthly animal liberation in Kechara House. KSDS have opportunity to participate in the meritorious activity every mth. Lin Mun KSDS
Throwback Kids camp 2019 - Wonderful volunteers. Lin Mun KSDS
1 week ago
Throwback Kids camp 2019 - Wonderful volunteers. Lin Mun KSDS
Throwback Kids camp 2019 - The nature of KFR is expressed on this drawing. Lin Mun KSDS
1 week ago
Throwback Kids camp 2019 - The nature of KFR is expressed on this drawing. Lin Mun KSDS
Special thanks to Hue, one of our dedicated members in Kechara Penang Study Group. Thanks for helping out during our bird liberation. ~Jacinta
1 week ago
Special thanks to Hue, one of our dedicated members in Kechara Penang Study Group. Thanks for helping out during our bird liberation. ~Jacinta
Animal Liberation is one of the great ways to show empathy, kindness and compassion to kids. Start them early! ~Jacinta, Kechara Penang Study Group
1 week ago
Animal Liberation is one of the great ways to show empathy, kindness and compassion to kids. Start them early! ~Jacinta, Kechara Penang Study Group
The merits from life liberation are varied and boundless ~Jacinta, Kechara Penang Study Group
1 week ago
The merits from life liberation are varied and boundless ~Jacinta, Kechara Penang Study Group
It is essential for us to properly 'Taking Refuge' before we start any event. “Taking refuge” is where one seeks guidance and to turns to the Triple Gem for liberation and salvation from suffering. We hope these birds will be liberated from sufferings soon. ~Jacinta
1 week ago
It is essential for us to properly 'Taking Refuge' before we start any event. “Taking refuge” is where one seeks guidance and to turns to the Triple Gem for liberation and salvation from suffering. We hope these birds will be liberated from sufferings soon. ~Jacinta
Recitation of Medicine Buddha mantras during Bird Liberation by Kechara Penang Study Group ~Jacinta
1 week ago
Recitation of Medicine Buddha mantras during Bird Liberation by Kechara Penang Study Group ~Jacinta
Paying homage to Lama Tsongkhapa, Dorje Shugden and The Three Jewels by Ms. Leow. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
2 weeks ago
Paying homage to Lama Tsongkhapa, Dorje Shugden and The Three Jewels by Ms. Leow. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
Mr. Lim offered Serkym to Dorje Shugden on behalf of KISG. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
2 weeks ago
Mr. Lim offered Serkym to Dorje Shugden on behalf of KISG. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
Ms. Leow offered lights & incense to Lama Tsongkhapa, Dorje Shugden and all Buddhas prior to the puja. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
2 weeks ago
Ms. Leow offered lights & incense to Lama Tsongkhapa, Dorje Shugden and all Buddhas prior to the puja. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
Kechara Ipoh Study Group has carried out weekly Dorje Shugden puja in Ipoh. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
2 weeks ago
Kechara Ipoh Study Group has carried out weekly Dorje Shugden puja in Ipoh. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
KISG started our 2020 first weekend with Mother Tara prayer recitations in Ipoh. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
3 weeks ago
KISG started our 2020 first weekend with Mother Tara prayer recitations in Ipoh. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
Kids camp 2019 - Exciting stack up game. The kids enjoyed it very much. Lin Mun KSDS
1 month ago
Kids camp 2019 - Exciting stack up game. The kids enjoyed it very much. Lin Mun KSDS
Kids camp 2019 - Super delicious fried rice and decorated with heart. Lin Mun KSDS
1 month ago
Kids camp 2019 - Super delicious fried rice and decorated with heart. Lin Mun KSDS
Kids camp 2019 - Beautiful farm in Kechara Forest Retreat. Lin Mun KSDS
1 month ago
Kids camp 2019 - Beautiful farm in Kechara Forest Retreat. Lin Mun KSDS
Kids camp 2019 - Completion of puzzle game. Look at their happy faces. Lin Mun KSDS
1 month ago
Kids camp 2019 - Completion of puzzle game. Look at their happy faces. Lin Mun KSDS
KISG carried out weekly Dorje Shugden puja in Ipoh on Tuesday's evening. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
1 month ago
KISG carried out weekly Dorje Shugden puja in Ipoh on Tuesday's evening. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
Long beans from our Kechara Farm 2019 harvested for our community here in Kechara Forest Retreat.
1 month ago
Long beans from our Kechara Farm 2019 harvested for our community here in Kechara Forest Retreat.
Bountiful harvest from our Kechara Farm 2019 for our community. Here are some long beans, four-angled beans, bitter gourds and karelas!
1 month ago
Bountiful harvest from our Kechara Farm 2019 for our community. Here are some long beans, four-angled beans, bitter gourds and karelas!
Bountiful harvest from our Kechara Farm 2019 for our community. This is Malabar spinach which is a herbal healer.
1 month ago
Bountiful harvest from our Kechara Farm 2019 for our community. This is Malabar spinach which is a herbal healer.
Bountiful harvest from our Kechara Farm 2019 for our community. This is Kangkung or water spinach.
1 month ago
Bountiful harvest from our Kechara Farm 2019 for our community. This is Kangkung or water spinach.
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Dorje Shugden
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