Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen

Apr 11, 2018 | Views: 147
Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

b.1235 – d.1280

Tradition: Sakya ས་སྐྱ།
Geography: Mongolia
Historical Period: 13th Century ༡༣ དུས་རབས།།
Institution: Sakya ས་སྐྱ།; Lang Na གླང་སྣ།; Jyegu Dondrub Ling སྐྱེ་དགུ་དོན་གྲུབ་གླིང།; Sakya Monastery ས་སྐྱ་དགོན་པ།
Offices Held: Seventh Sakya Tridzin of Sakya Monastery
Name Variants: Chogyel Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen ཆོས་རྒྱལ་འཕགས་པ་བློ་གྲོས་རྒྱལ་མཚན།; Drogon Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen འགྲོ་མགོན་འཕགས་པ་བློ་གྲོས་རྒྱལ་མཚན།; Lodro Gyeltsen བློ་གྲོས་རྒྱལ་མཚན།; Pakpa Lukye འཕགས་པ་ལུག་སྐྱེས།

Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen (‘phags pa blo gros rgyal mtshan) was born in 1235 in Ngari (mnga’ ris) into the illustrious Khon (‘khon) family that had recently established themselves at Sakya in Tsang. His father was Sonam Gyeltsen (bsod nams rgyal mtshan, 1184-1239), the younger brother of the great scholar Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyeltsen (sa skya pan di ta kun dga’ rgyal mtshan, 1182-1251), who is commonly referred to as Sapan. His mother was Kunga Kyi (Kun dga’ kyid).

In 1244 Pakpa and his younger brother Chana Dorje (phyag na rdo rje, 1239-1267) traveled to the Mongol court of Godan Khan, the son of the Mongol leader Ododei, with their uncle Sakya Pandita. As Goden was in Yunnan at the time, they did not meet until 1247. Tibetan historians have it that Sapan went to Mongolia to serve as religious preceptor, but it is more likely that he was summoned to serve as proxy for a Tibetan acceptance of Mongolian rule. Some scholars have speculated that Pakpa and his brother, the heirs to the Khon family, accompanied their uncle as hostages. However, it is more likely that they went along simply as disciples and attendants to their teacher and uncle.

Another old thangka of Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

Another old thangka of Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

Like his uncle Pakpa was fully ordained, having received his vows from Sapan the year they left for Mongolia. He was given his initial instruction in the Vinaya from Sherab Sengge (she rab seng gye).

Pakpa remained in Mongolia after the death of his uncle in 1251. Godan’s influence was on the wane, having lost succession first to his brother Guyug and again in 1251 to his cousin Mongke. In 1253 Mongke’s brother, Khubilai invited Pakpa to his newly built city of Kaiping (latter known as Shangdu), presumably in part because he believed the Tibetan Buddhist lama could help justify the Mongol’s rule of China. In fact the invitation had been for Sapan, but Pakpa went in his place. In 1254, on his way to meet the Khan, Pakpa went on a teaching tour in Kham where he visited various monasteries, converting several, including Dzongsar (dzong gsar) and Jyegu Dondrub Ling (skye dgu don grub gling) from Bon to the Sakya tradition.

Once Pakpa was settled at Khubilai’s court, he gained a significant degree of influence and authority. Beginning in 1258 Pakpa performed Buddhist initiations and empowerments for the Khan and, in that same year, participated in a debate with leading Daoists. According to Tibetan historians Khubilai judged him to be the winner, a victory that moved the Khan to burn Daoist texts and force prominent Daoists to convert to Buddhism.

Despite this incident, Khubilai was, like his predecessors, an ecumenical ruler who surrounded himself with religious leaders of many traditions, including other Tibetans. Pakpa, however, had a unique position in regards to both Mongols and Tibetans and was therefore particularly suited to form an alliance with Khubilai. Having been raised in Goden’s court, Pakpa was intimately familiar with Mongol values and culture. He was also well known and highly esteemed among Tibetan Buddhists, as the nephew of Sapan and a member of the powerful Khon family.

Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen seated on the right surrounded by the lineage teachers of the Guhyasamaja Tantra; Akshobhyavajra, Manjuvajra and Avalokita. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen (right) and his uncle Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen (left) surrounded by the lineage teachers of the Guhyasamaja Tantra; Akshobhyavajra, Manjuvajra and Avalokita. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

In 1259 a succession struggle in Mongolia resulted in the fragmentation of the Mongolian Empire, and Khubilai, who was then in charge of the Chinese territories, turned his focus entirely to the conquest of the Song Empire. In 1260 Khubilai appointed Pakpa national preceptor (guoshi, 國師). The young monk had spent the previous years initiating Khubilai into Hevajra and Mahakala mandalas, but again, until the appointment, Pakpa was one of several lamas courted by Khubilai. Now, however, Khubilai saw lamas who had supported his opponents as enemies. He had Karma Pakshi, the Second Karmapa (1204-1287), who had established relations with his rival for control of Mongolia, arrested and burned on a stake. (According to legend, after three days of flames had left him unharmed everyone gave up, and the lama was banished to Yunnan, to return to central Tibet a decade later much reduced in influence.)

Pakpa developed a close relationship with the Khan and a particular affinity with his wife Chabi, whose biographical accounts describe as an extremely fervent and faithful Buddhist disciple. Khubilai abolished the appanage system that Mongke had established decades earlier, and made the Sakya the (nominal) ruler of the entire country. The national preceptor was made chief of the administrative offices that were to oversee the territory, the Bureau of Tibetan and Buddhist Affairs, the Xuanzhengyuan (named after the hall in which the officials were received).

According to one Sakya history of Pakpa’s tenure in the Xuanzhengyuan, the Emperor initially intended to raise a tax on Tibetan monasteries and initiate a draft of Tibetans into corvée labor. Pakpa is said to have protested, insisting that Tibet’s resources would be overstrained by the taxes and draft and threatening to leave the court and return to Tibet. Tibet is said to have thereby been spared the burden of tax and corvée.

Khubilai Khan. Image credit: Wikipedia. Click on image to enlarge.

Khubilai Khan. Image credit: wikipedia. Click on image to enlarge.

In 1264 Khubilai Khan sent Pakpa and his brother back to Tibet to convince Tibetans to accept Mongol rule. Pakpa brought along with him the famous Jasa Mutik (‘ja’ sa mu tig), the “Pearl Edict” which Sakya historians incorrectly claim granted Pakpa control of Tibet; in fact it only exempted Sakya from taxes and corvée, something that Khubilai was giving to other sects as well. Tibetan historians have also claimed the earlier document has as having granted Sakya lordship over the thirteen myriarchies, but since these were not established until the census of 1268, this is clearly mistaken.

The roles that Pakpa and Chana Dorje were expected to play remain unclear, and in any case their supposed authority over Tibet was consistently challenged by Drigung Monastery (‘bri gung dgon). Chana Dorje passed away in 1267, and, whatever the original plan had been, the abbot of Sakya, Shakya Zangpo (shAkya bzang po, d. 1270), who had run the monastery since Sakya Pandita left, was given the newly created office of Ponchen (dpon chen), and given civil and military authority over all of Tibet. The office of Ponchen was subordinate to the national preceptor. The refusal of Drigung to accept the arrangement forced Khubilai to send in troops to enforce Sakya control, and within a year Mongol control of Tibet was restored. Soon after, a census was conducted, a postal system was devised, taxes were imposed and a Tibetan militia was formed – all under Mongol direction. The system of governance devised for Tibet would consist of a State Preceptor (Pakpa being the official first), who was in charge of Buddhists throughout the empire as well as in Tibet (but who would live in China) and an a second Mongol-appointed official, the Ponchen, who would live in Tibet and administer the region more directly. This system was in place for the next eighty years.

Pakpa wrote about the appropriate relationship between a king and religious rulers, helping to bolster Mongol imperial authority. He also identified Khubilai Khan as Manjusri, the bodhisattva of wisdom and encouraged the identification of Khubilai as a cakravartin or Universal Emperor. Pakpa helped incorporate Buddhist rituals into the Yuan court, which competed with but did not replace traditional Chinese Confucian court rituals. It seems that Pakpa’s efforts helped Tibetans to see Khubilai Khan as a universal ruler in the Buddhist sense, and as the legitimate Emperor of China. Pakpa and Khubilai Khan also deepened their relationship through marriage alliances; Pakpa’s younger brother, nephew, and grandnephew all married Mongol princesses.

Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen (right central figure) seated on the right of Sakya Pandita, Kunga Gyaltsen Pal Zangpo (left central figure) Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen (right) and his uncle Sakya Pandita, Kunga Gyaltsen Pal Zangpo (left). Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

Pakpa’s collected works fill three volumes and he is credited with having developed the theory of Buddhist ruler-ship that delineated mutually dependant spheres of secular and religious authority. This model, which he and Khubilai were meant to embody as cooperative religious and secular rulers, was purportedly worked out with the aid of Khubilai’s wife Chabi. She settled a dispute between the two men early on in their relationship when neither was content to acknowledge the other as holding a higher position. This arrangement was ritually represented by Khubilai sitting on a lower throne when receiving teachings from Pakpa, and Pakpa sitting on a lower throne when Khubilai conducted court business.

Pakpa was able to use the power and other resources of his position to further his uncle’s scholarly and cultural projects. With the aid of the Sakya Ponchen, Pakpa had the Lhakhang Chenmo (lha khang chen mo) built at Sakya, effectively transforming the Khon family estate into what is commonly known as Sakya Monastery. Pakpa and his successors established Sakya as a center of scholarly activity. They sponsored the translation of poetry, literature, and metrics. Sapan is credited with having had established the study of the five sciences across Tibet, and Pakpa maintained the momentum through his writing and polemics. It was also largely thanks to Sakya influence that Sanskrit poetry became the basis of high literary culture during their time.

In 1270 Pakpa returned to China to receive the title of Imperial Preceptor (dishi, 帝師), a title that is generally considered, at least in part, to have been a response to his invention of the short-lived imperial script. The following year Khubilai declared the establishment of the Yuan Dynasty, with its capital at Dadu (modern Beijing). He spent the next few years in semi-retirement, returning to Sakya in 1274. There he convened a council of lamas at Chumik Ringmo (chus mig ring mo), known as the Chumik Chokor (chu mig chos ‘khor), ostensibly for religious discussions, but probably to persuade the various traditions’ leaders to accept Mongol-Sakya rule. It was a fruitless effort if that was its purpose, as Drigung continued to resist.

In 1280, the year after Khubilai conquered the remnants of the Song, Pakpa died at Sakya, allegedly poisoned by an unpopular Ponchen.

 

འཕགས་པ་བློ་གྲོས་རྒྱལ་མཚན།

འཕགས་པ་བློ་གྲོས་རྒྱལ་མཚན་ནི། དཔལ་ས་སྐྱ་པའི་ཤིན་རྟའི་སྲོལ་འབྱེད་ས་སྐྱ་གོང་མ་ལྔར་གྲགས་པའི་ཁོངས་ནས་ལྔ་པར་བགྲངས། ཁོང་ས་སྐྱ་པཎཌིཏ་ཀུན་དགའ་རྒྱལ་མཚན་གྱི་ནུ་བོ་རྗེ་བཙུན་བསོད་ནམས་རྒྱལ་མཚན་གྱི་སྲས་སུ་སྐུ་འཁྲུངས། ཆུང་དུས་རང་གི་ཁུ་བོ་ས་པཎ་དང་ལྷན་དུ་སོག་པོ་གོ་དན་རྒྱལ་པོའི་སར་ཕེབས། སྐུ་ནར་སོན་པས་བོད་དང་སོག་པོ་ཡོན་གོང་མའི་འབྲེལ་བའི་ཐད་ཞབས་འདེགས་རྒྱ་ཆེར་བསྒྲུབས། ཡོན་ཧུ་པི་ལི་སེ་ཆེན་རྒྱལ་པོ་དང་འབྲེལ་བ་དམ་ཟབ་ཀྱིས་བོད་སོག་པོས་དབང་བསྒྱུར་བའི་དུས་སུ་ཁོང་གི་རླབས་ཆེའི་མཛད་འཕྲིན་ལས་ས་སྐྱའི་དགོན་ཆེན་དེ་ཉིད་སྲིད་དབང་གི་བསྟི་གནས་སམ་བོད་ཀྱི་རྒྱལ་ས་ལྟ་བུར་འགྱུར། ཡོན་གོང་མའི་རྒྱུ་སྦྱོར་གྱི་མཐུས་ས་སྐྱ་ལྷ་ཁང་ཆེན་མོ་གསར་བཞེངས་རྒྱ་སྐྱེད་མཛད་པས་ད་ལྟ་གཞི་རྒྱ་ཆེ་བའི་ས་སྐྱ་དགོན་པ་འདི་ལྟ་བུར་གྱུར། དེ་སྔ་སོག་པོར་ཡི་གེ་མེད་པས་ཁོང་དང་ས་པཎ་རྣམ་གཉིས་ཀྱིས་དམ་པའི་ཆོས་སོག་པོའི་སྐད་ཡིག་ཐོག་བསྒྱུར་རྒྱུའི་ཐུགས་བཞེད་ཀྱིས་ཧོར་ཡིག་གསར་གཏོད་མཛད་པར་གྲགས། ཡིག་གཟུགས་འདི་ལ་ཆེ་བསྟོད་ཀྱིས་འཕགས་པའི་ཡི་གེའང་ཟེར།

 

Teachers

  • Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyeltsen ས་སྐྱ་པཎྜིཏ་ཀུན་དགའ་རྒྱལ་མཚན། b.1182 – d.1251
  • bsod nams rgyal mtshan བསོད་ནམས་རྒྱལ་མཚན།
  • byang chub rgyal mtshan བྱང་ཆུབ་རྒྱལ་མཚན།
  • shrI ta tha ga ta b+ha dra ཤྲཱི་ཏ་ཐ་ག་ཏ་བྷ་དྲ།
  • Chim Namkha Drak མཆིམས་ནམ་མཁའ་གྲགས་པ། b.1210 – d.1289
  • shes rab rin chen ཤེས་རབ་རིན་ཆེན།
  • Sanggye Yarjon སངས་རྒྱས་ཡར་བྱོན། b.1203 – d.1272
  • shes rab dpal ཤེས་རབ་དཔལ།
  • grags pa seng+ge གྲགས་པ་སེངྒེ།
  • grags pa seng+ge གྲགས་པ་སེངྒེ།
  • rdo rje ‘od zer རྡོ་རྗེ་འོད་ཟེར།
  • shes rab seng+ge ཤེས་རབ་སེངྒེ།
  • dbang phyug brtson ‘grus དབང་ཕྱུག་བརྩོན་འགྲུས།
  • shes rab ‘od zer ཤེས་རབ་འོད་ཟེར།
  • ‘bras khud pa འབྲས་ཁུད་པ།
  • dkon mchog dpal དཀོན་མཆོག་དཔལ།
  • Yeshe Bumpa ཡེ་ཤེས་འབུམ་པ། b.1242 – d.1328

 

Students

  • Shongton Dorje Gyeltsen ཤོང་སྟོན་རྡོ་རྗེ་རྒྱལ་མཚན། b.early 13th cent. – d.late 13th cent.
  • Lotsawa Chokden Lekpai Lodro མཆོག་ལྡན་ལེགས་པའི་བློ་གྲོས། b.early 13th cent. – d.late 13th cent.
  • Zhangton Konchok Pel ཞང་སྟོན་དཀོན་མཆོག་དཔལ། b.mid 13th cent. – d.1317
  • kun dga’ blo gros ཀུན་དགའ་བློ་གྲོས།
  • sangs rgyas sras སངས་རྒྱས་སྲས།
  • dar ma rgyal mtshan དར་མ་རྒྱལ་མཚན།/li>
  • kun dga’ smon lam ཀུན་དགའ་སྨོན་ལམ།
  • phyag na rdo rje ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ། b.1239 – d.1267
  • jin kim ཇིན་ཀིམ།
  • Yeshe Rinchen ཡེ་ཤེས་རིན་ཆེན། b.1248 – d.1294
  • sangs rgyas dpal སངས་རྒྱས་དཔལ།
  • tshul khrims rgyal mtshan ཚུལ་ཁྲིམས་རྒྱལ་མཚན།
  • Rinchen Gyeltsen རིན་ཆེན་རྒྱལ་མཚན། b.1238 – d.1279
  • chos sku ‘od zer ཆོས་སྐུ་འོད་ཟེར།
  • Sanggye Yarjon སངས་རྒྱས་ཡར་བྱོན། b.1203 – d.1272
  • Dharmapalaraksita དྷརྨ་པཱ་ལ་རཀ་ཥི་ཏ། b.1268 – d.1287
  • kun dga’ grags pa ཀུན་དགའ་གྲགས་པ། b.1230 – d.1303
  • sangs rgyas ‘bum སངས་རྒྱས་འབུམ།
  • rgyal mtshan bzang po རྒྱལ་མཚན་བཟང་པོ།
  • gzhon nu seng+ge གཞོན་ནུ་སེངྒེ།
  • shes rab ‘bum ཤེས་རབ་འབུམ།
  • gzhon nu ‘bum གཞོན་ནུ་འབུམ།
  • kun dga’ rgyal ba ཀུན་དགའ་རྒྱལ་བ།
  • mdo sde dpal མདོ་སྡེ་དཔལ།
  • ‘jam dbyangs shes rab ‘od zer འཇམ་དབྱངས་ཤེས་རབ་འོད་ཟེར།
  • ‘od zer ‘bum འོད་ཟེར་འབུམ།

 

Images

The Seventh Dalai Lama, Kelzang Gyatso, along with a selection of the previous incarnations according to the Kadam Lekbam. More at HimalayanArt.org

THE SEVENTH DALAI LAMA WITH PREVIOUS INCARNATIONS. The Seventh Dalai Lama, Kelzang Gyatso, along with a selection of the previous incarnations according to the Kadam Lekbam. The figure at the bottom left corner is Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen. More at himalayanart.org

DAMARUPA. Damarupa and Avadhutipa, two Indian Siddhas. On the left is the siddha Damarupa holding upraised in his right hand a damaru drum and a skullcup in the left. On the viewer's right is Avadhutipa holding a skullcup to the heart with the left hand and pointing downwards with the right hand. More at himalayanart.org

DAMARUPA. Damarupa and Avadhutipa, two Indian Siddhas. On the left is the siddha Damarupa holding upraised in his right hand a damaru drum and a skullcup in the left. On the viewer’s right is Avadhutipa holding a skullcup to the heart with the left hand and pointing downwards with the right hand. The third figure from the top in the right column is Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen. More at himalayanart.org

SAKYA PANDITA KUNGA GYALTSEN. A Sakya lineage painting. More at himalayanart.org

SAKYA PANDITA KUNGA GYALTSEN. A Sakya lineage painting: Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen (top left), Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen (top right), Shang Konchog Pal (bottom left), Nasa Dragpugpa (bottom right). More at himalayanart.org

NGORCHEN KUNGA ZANGPO. Ngorchen Kunga Zangpo, the founder of the Ngor Branch of the Sakya tradition.More at himalayanart.org

NGORCHEN KUNGA ZANGPO. Ngorchen Kunga Zangpo, the founder of the Ngor Branch of the Sakya tradition. The second figure from the right in the top row is Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen. More at himalayanart.org

MAHAKALA – PANJARNATA. Panjarnata Mahakala is the protector of the Hevajra cycle of Tantras. The iconography and rituals are found in the 18th chapter of the Vajra Panjara (canopy, or pavilion) Tantra, an exclusive 'explanatory tantra' to Hevajra itself. It is dated to the late fourteenth or early fifteenth century. More at himalayanart.org

MAHAKALA – PANJARNATA. Panjarnata Mahakala is the protector of the Hevajra cycle of Tantras. The iconography and rituals are found in the 18th chapter of the Vajra Panjara (canopy, or pavilion) Tantra, an exclusive ‘explanatory tantra’ to Hevajra itself. It is dated to the late fourteenth or early fifteenth century. The figure at the top right corner is Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen. More at himalayanart.org

MAHAKALA – PANJARNATA. Mahakala surrounded by the stylized flames of pristine awareness and emanating forth from the licks of flame are messengers in the shapes of various animals, black crows, black dogs, wolves, black men and women.More at himalayanart.org

MAHAKALA – PANJARNATA. Mahakala surrounded by the stylised flames of pristine awareness. Emanating forth from the licks of flame are messengers in the shapes of various animals, black crows, black dogs, wolves, black men and women. The figure at the top right corner is Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen. More at himalayanart.org

 

Bibliography

  • Blo bzang chos grags and Bsod nams rtse mo. 1988. ‘Gro mgon ‘phags pa blo gros rgyal mtshan. In Rtsom yig gser gyi sbram bu. Xining: Mtsho sngon mi rigs dpe skrun khang, p. 145.
  • Bsod nams ‘od zer and Zla ba seng ge. 1976. Sa skyar ‘gro mgon chos rgyal drung du byon zhing chos kyi gtam gyis phan tshun tshim par mdzad pa’i skor. In Grub chen o rgyan pa’i rnam par thar pa byin brlabs kyi chu rgyun. Gangtok: Sherab Gyeltsen Lama, pp. 130-133.
  • Chos ‘phel rgya mtsho. 2000. ‘Gro mgon chos rgyal ‘phags pa. In Gtsang dgon pa’i gdan rabs dbyangs can phang ‘gro’i gdangs snyan. Xiling: Mtsho sngon nyin re’i tshags par khang gi par khang, pp. 39-43.
  • Davidson, Ronald M. 2005. Tibetan Renaissance: Tantric Buddhism in the Rebirth of Tibetan Culture. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Dungkar Lobzang Khrinley. 2002. Dunkar Tibetological Great Dictionary (Dung dkar tshig mdzod chen mo). Beijing: China Tibetology Publishing House.
  • Gold, Jonathan C. 2008. The Dharma’s Gatekeepers: Sakya Paṇḍita on Buddhist Scholarship in Tibet. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  • Jam dbyangs blo gter dbang po, et al. Bla ma dam pa chos kyi rgyal po rin po che’i rnam par thar pa rin chen phreng ba. In Lam ‘bras slob bshad. Dehra Dun: Sakya Centre, pp. 145v-169v.
  • Mi nyag mgon po. 1996-2000. ‘Phags pa blo gros rgyal mtshan gyi rnam thar mdor bsdus. In Gangs can mkhas dbang rim byon gyi rnam thar mdor bsdus. Beijing: Krung go’i bod kyi shes rig dpe skrun khang, pp. 63-70.
  • Mu po. 202. ‘Gro mgon chos rgyal ‘phags pa. In Gsung ngag rin po che lam ‘bras bla ma brgyud pa’i rnam thar kun ‘dus me long. Beijing: Mi rigs dpe skrun khang, pp. 19-24.
  • Nor brang o rgyan. 2006. ‘Gro mgon chos rgyal ‘phags pa. In Nor brang o rgyan gyi gsung rtsom phyogs bsdus. Beijing: Krung go’i bod rig pa dpe skrun khang, pp. 616-623.
  • Petech, Luciano. 1990. Central Tibet and the Mongols — The Yuan- Sa-skya Period of Tibetan History. Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente, Rome, pp. 5-25.
  • Petech, Luciano. 1993. “P’ags-pa (1235-1280).” In In the Service of the Khan: Eminent Personalities of the Early Mongol-Yüan Period (1200-1300), edited by Igor de Rachewiltz, et al. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
  • Rossabi, Morris. 1988. Kublai Khan: His Life and Times. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Rossabi, Morris. 1983. China Among Equals: The Middle Kingdom and its Neighbors, 10th-14th Centuries. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Wylie, Turrell. 1977. “The First Mongol Conquest of Tibet Reinterpreted.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 37, no. 1: 103-133.
  • Wylie, Turrell. 1984. “Kubilai Khaghan’s First Viceroy of Tibet.” In Tibetan and Buddhist Studies: Commemorating the 200th Anniversary of the Birth of Alexander Csoma de Korös, edited by Lajos Ligeti. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.
  • Ye shes rgyal mtshan. N.d. Chos kyi rgyal po ’phags pa rin po che’i rnam par thar pa. No publisher information available.

Source: Dominique Townsend, “Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen,” Treasury of Lives, accessed July 28, 2018, http://treasuryoflives.org/biographies/view/Pakpa-Lodro-Gyeltsen/2051.

 


 

Dominique Townsend has a PhD in Tibetan Studies from Columbia University and is currently teaching at Barnard College.

Published January 2010

Disclaimer: All rights are reserved by the author. The article is reproduced here for educational purposes only.

 

About Treasury of Lives

The Treasury of Lives is a biographical encyclopedia of Tibet, Inner Asia, and the Himalaya. It provides an accessible and well-researched biography of a wide range of figures, from Buddhist masters to artists and political officials, many of which are peer reviewed.

The Treasury of Lives is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. All donations are tax deductible to the fullest extent of the law. Your support makes their important work possible. For information on how you can support them, click here.

Source: https://treasuryoflives.org/biographies/view/Pakpa-Lodro-Gyeltsen/2051. Click on image to enlarge.

Source: https://treasuryoflives.org/biographies/view/Pakpa-Lodro-Gyeltsen/2051. Click on image to enlarge.

 

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3 Responses to Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen

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  1. Joy on Oct 29, 2018 at 9:24 pm

    This beautiful painting (thangka) is in Sakya Monastery in Tibet’s protector chapel. It is Dorje Shugden Tanag or Dorje Shugden riding on a black horse. This is the Sakya version of Dorje Shugden. Dorje Shugden is originally Sakya and still practiced in Sakya and came to Gelug and Kagyu practitioners later.

  2. Valentina Suhendra on Sep 28, 2018 at 7:52 am

    8 pictures of the Sakya Monastery to share, where Protector temple Mug Chung is located. This is the monastery where Dorje Shugden was enthroned first as a Dharma protector in Tibet over 400 years ago by the highest Sakya throneholders and masters. Since then when people are doing Dorje Shugden prayers and pujas, they invoke his holy wisdom presence from Mug Chung Protector Chapel in Sakya Monastery in Tibet.

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  3. Samfoonheei on Aug 20, 2018 at 12:32 pm

    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this short biography of Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen. Amazing… Pakpa Lodro Gyeltsen has a very good memory as he can mastered eight volumes of works that he taught and has given oral texts commentary. He would recite the mantras of Avalokitesvara and Manjushri thousands of times each day. He did serve as a teacher to numerous abbots of Gelug monasteries in Lhasa too. Inspiring post of a great master.

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  • Sofi
    Saturday, May 25. 2019 11:30 AM
    Methar of Tengyeling Monastery

    A gruelsome read of the cruelty that exist within the holiest office in Tibet. Ministers of the Dalai Lama are very much into the power and money game, without any other authority to stop their heinous actions. A sad fact of the power wielded by the office of the Dalai Lama.

    Learn more here of the sufferings of Methar: http://bit.ly/Metharhttp://bit.ly/Methar
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    Saturday, May 25. 2019 11:20 AM
    Ku Shulan, Goddess of Paper Cut

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    Read more of this fascinating lady who had a tough life: http://bit.ly/KuShulan
  • nicholas
    Saturday, May 25. 2019 09:46 AM
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    Read more: https://bit.ly/2zBTd8M
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    Tenpa Yarphel is one of the heroes that will bring a different for Tibetan. More Tibetan like Tenpa Yarphel should participate and speak up. Tibetan need a change in their government and no longer to follow the old way as it’s proven it doesn’t work.
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    Saturday, May 25. 2019 09:25 AM
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    Drugs probably helped the understanding of myself better, but not much. Not pot. That just used to be a harmless giggle.”

    ~ John Lennon

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    Saturday, May 25. 2019 07:39 AM
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    The power of enlightened Dharma protectors comes from their enlightened nature, which is compassionate and wisdom-filled. On the deepest level, they represent our blissful awareness of emptiness in strong energetic forms – the best protection against obstacles. The Dharma protectors protect sincere spiritual practitioners who seek their higher selves, see the downfalls of materialism and other problems created by the human mind.

    Read more here: http://bit.ly/ProtectorDorjeShugden
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    Friday, May 24. 2019 10:51 PM
    I personally have experienced the powers of Dorje Shugden much to my amazement for each request I make even of the minute ask is fulfilled sometimes immediately within the day of asking or several days to weeks depending on my extend of my life request.

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    Friday, May 24. 2019 03:17 PM
    If one single person can make such an immense positive contribution,imagine how the world could change for the better if only its population derives inspiration from this one man’s effort regardless of race, colour, creed, or belief.

    Greed destroys, selflessness sustains both our existence and other living existence on this planet.
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    Friday, May 24. 2019 10:33 AM
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    She is very creative and her creativity is known worldwide but her life didn’t change by that. She didn’t waste her life by worrying about her family situation but she get up by using her creativity. Thank you.

    Read more: https://bit.ly/2WSgeh3
  • R.Ummamageswari
    Friday, May 24. 2019 10:10 AM
    This story is very inspiring. By reading this article, i can understand that nothing is impossible in this universe. Youngsters should take this man as a role model not only for planting trees but for the confidence in him. Not only confidence, but even loaded of courage in him.

    Plants are very important nowadays as we, humans, require oxygen to live. The confidence level in the man has influenced him to change the barren land to a place filled with thousand of various plants. Youngsters can take this inspiring story as their guidance for them to improve their live from nothing to become a topper.

    Read more: https://bit.ly/2HtAJeA
  • nicholas
    Friday, May 24. 2019 07:47 AM
    Watch enlightening documentaries online! Into the Universe With Stephen Hawking – The Story Of Everything (2010) In two mind-blowing hours, Hawking reveals the wonders of the cosmos to a new generation. Delve into the mind of the worlds most famous living scientist and reveal the splendor and majesty of the universe as never seen before.

    Read more:https://bit.ly/2Hz9i1D
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  • Pastor Lanse
    Friday, May 24. 2019 07:21 AM
    这些视频包含一些珍贵和不曾公开的内容,显示神谕在詹杜固仁波切面前突如其来降神的经过。2009年,仁波切在没有预先安排的情况下到访一间西藏的寺院。当时,尼木杰吉寺中没有一个人知道仁波切的身份。然而,当仁波切在护法殿做哈达供养的时候,多杰雄登却自发性降神于在场的其中一位僧人,并以亲切和激动的方式向仁波切致敬。

    https://bit.ly/2MpY1WG
  • nicholas
    Friday, May 24. 2019 07:12 AM
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    To do that, he uses his keen sense of observation and incredibly quick mind – nothing escapes his eyes. Some of the funniest moments are when Rinpoche mimics a student’s mannerisms or improvises scenarios that relate to the student’s expressions or reactions towards unpleasant situations or people. They are always spot on and pose a real danger of giving the audience belly-aching laughter.

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  • nicholas
    Friday, May 24. 2019 07:07 AM
    Can you plant an entire forest by yourself? The answer is, yes! The fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, Padma Shri awardee Jadav “Molai” Payeng single-handedly transformed the barren land of Majuli in Assam into a dense forest by planting a sapling a day since 40 years ago. He started his mission to revive the once barren, sandy river banks of Majuli when he was 16 years old after a startling discovery. Numerous snakes were found dead on the sandy banks of Brahmaputra River after a life-threatening flood. The snakes died from heat due to the lack of shades.

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Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
3 weeks ago
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
3 weeks ago
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
Silver Manjusri figure from Ngemplak Semongan (Indonesia). Apparently during the Shailendra Dynasty, Mahayana Buddhism was very strong in Indonesia. This Dynasty promoted Mahayana Buddhism and Manjushri was a principal Buddha of worship.
3 weeks ago
Silver Manjusri figure from Ngemplak Semongan (Indonesia). Apparently during the Shailendra Dynasty, Mahayana Buddhism was very strong in Indonesia. This Dynasty promoted Mahayana Buddhism and Manjushri was a principal Buddha of worship.
In Buddhism: The Importance of Having a Clean Room- https://bit.ly/2ZgrbKS
3 weeks ago
In Buddhism: The Importance of Having a Clean Room- https://bit.ly/2ZgrbKS
There is an area near Lumbini, Nepal, they have sightings of Yeti for hundreds of years. So they have signages in the area with Yeti artwork to highlight this. Interesting. TR
3 weeks ago
There is an area near Lumbini, Nepal, they have sightings of Yeti for hundreds of years. So they have signages in the area with Yeti artwork to highlight this. Interesting. TR
Photos of footprints (Yeti) are from a high altitude pass (Darwa Pass) connecting Gangotri valley to Yamunotri valley through old pilgrim route.
4 weeks ago
Photos of footprints (Yeti) are from a high altitude pass (Darwa Pass) connecting Gangotri valley to Yamunotri valley through old pilgrim route.
Beautiful picture. Rare. Three holy beings.
4 weeks ago
Beautiful picture. Rare. Three holy beings.
May 1, 2019-I really enjoy this picture of these visitors visiting Dorje Shugden\'s grotto in Kechara Forest Retreat today. They look happy, light and blessed after doing their prayers to Dorje Shugden. I wanted to share this picture.- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
4 weeks ago
May 1, 2019-I really enjoy this picture of these visitors visiting Dorje Shugden's grotto in Kechara Forest Retreat today. They look happy, light and blessed after doing their prayers to Dorje Shugden. I wanted to share this picture.- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
A postcard of my great grand aunt Princess Nirgidma of Torghut-Tsem Rinpoche
4 weeks ago
A postcard of my great grand aunt Princess Nirgidma of Torghut-Tsem Rinpoche
Rei Kawakubo – Grand Dame of ‘Hiroshima Chic’- https://bit.ly/2Vz4N06
4 weeks ago
Rei Kawakubo – Grand Dame of ‘Hiroshima Chic’- https://bit.ly/2Vz4N06
Just now, this beautiful grape and orange infused water drink with a blue glass was brought in for me. I was amazed at the colors. Tsem Rinpoche
4 weeks ago
Just now, this beautiful grape and orange infused water drink with a blue glass was brought in for me. I was amazed at the colors. Tsem Rinpoche
We have to look in and change from within to find the way out of all that makes us unhappy.~Tsem Rinpoche 

www.tsemrinpoche.com
4 weeks ago
We have to look in and change from within to find the way out of all that makes us unhappy.~Tsem Rinpoche http://www.tsemrinpoche.com
文冬野人咖啡厅开张了!- https://bit.ly/2IRGdBM
4 weeks ago
文冬野人咖啡厅开张了!- https://bit.ly/2IRGdBM
Click on this picture and read about this very sad girl. Please offer your prayers for her to take a good rebirth. Tsem Rinpoche
4 weeks ago
Click on this picture and read about this very sad girl. Please offer your prayers for her to take a good rebirth. Tsem Rinpoche
Bigfoot cafe in Bentong, Malaysia-Delicious vegetarian food in a beautiful setting- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
4 weeks ago
Bigfoot cafe in Bentong, Malaysia-Delicious vegetarian food in a beautiful setting- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
Tsem Rinpoche\'s personal shrine.
4 weeks ago
Tsem Rinpoche's personal shrine.
In Kechara Forest Retreat- Bentong, Malaysia, we have a beautiful outdoor offering grotto dedicated to Lord Dorje Shugden who fulfills the wishes of many visitors- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
4 weeks ago
In Kechara Forest Retreat- Bentong, Malaysia, we have a beautiful outdoor offering grotto dedicated to Lord Dorje Shugden who fulfills the wishes of many visitors- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
Guhya Manjushri of the Forbidden City| 密德文殊室利佛- https://bit.ly/2J3HIvM
4 weeks ago
Guhya Manjushri of the Forbidden City| 密德文殊室利佛- https://bit.ly/2J3HIvM
A temple with a thousand Bodhi trees. Unusual and blessed- https://bit.ly/2Xn6nj6
1 month ago
A temple with a thousand Bodhi trees. Unusual and blessed- https://bit.ly/2Xn6nj6
My way of sharing....
1 month ago
My way of sharing....
Peace
1 month ago
Peace
Please contemplate deeply what this message is sharing. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Please contemplate deeply what this message is sharing. Tsem Rinpoche
Japanese Buddha statues. Beautiful program- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fIfNibljnoI
1 month ago
Japanese Buddha statues. Beautiful program- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fIfNibljnoI
Japanese Buddhist altars. Beautiful- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N4uqb3jPpCs
1 month ago
Japanese Buddhist altars. Beautiful- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N4uqb3jPpCs
Beautiful Lord Buddha carving which is so elegant. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Beautiful Lord Buddha carving which is so elegant. Tsem Rinpoche
We can love others as we heal ourselves inside...~Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
We can love others as we heal ourselves inside...~Tsem Rinpoche
Beautiful short and powerful teaching by Dilgo Kyentse Rinpoche
1 month ago
Beautiful short and powerful teaching by Dilgo Kyentse Rinpoche
China\'s huge Buddha statues. Amazingly beautiful- https://bit.ly/2DgSXxT
1 month ago
China's huge Buddha statues. Amazingly beautiful- https://bit.ly/2DgSXxT
Such a powerful imagery of Lord Buddha\'s determination. Fasting Buddha\'s meaning- HTTP://bit.ly/2VCfKLa
1 month ago
Such a powerful imagery of Lord Buddha's determination. Fasting Buddha's meaning- http://bit.ly/2VCfKLa
This poor boy is being forced to leave his friend to be sold for slaughter. Children have a natural connection with animals, and they know it is wrong to hurt and kill them. Children lose this connection by being indoctrinated (brainwashed) by their parents/peers into believing animals are here to be exploited, killed, and eaten.- from Lucinda Smyth FB page
1 month ago
This poor boy is being forced to leave his friend to be sold for slaughter. Children have a natural connection with animals, and they know it is wrong to hurt and kill them. Children lose this connection by being indoctrinated (brainwashed) by their parents/peers into believing animals are here to be exploited, killed, and eaten.- from Lucinda Smyth FB page
Some people really struggle and put in so much effort in their lives. Amazing. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Some people really struggle and put in so much effort in their lives. Amazing. Tsem Rinpoche
18th Century Mongolian made Namgyalma statue. Very artistic. Very beautiful. Usually her arms are \'all over the place\' but this one is so artistically placed and poised. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
18th Century Mongolian made Namgyalma statue. Very artistic. Very beautiful. Usually her arms are 'all over the place' but this one is so artistically placed and poised. Tsem Rinpoche
My mother Ms. Dewa Nimbo came out with a new book. I am happy for her. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
My mother Ms. Dewa Nimbo came out with a new book. I am happy for her. Tsem Rinpoche
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Videos On The Go

Please click on the images to watch video
  • Our Malaysian Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir speaks so well, logically and regarding our country’s collaboration with China for growth. It is refreshing to listen to Dr. Mahathir’s thoughts. He said our country can look to China for many more things such as technology and so on. Tsem Rinpoche
    4 weeks ago
    Our Malaysian Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir speaks so well, logically and regarding our country’s collaboration with China for growth. It is refreshing to listen to Dr. Mahathir’s thoughts. He said our country can look to China for many more things such as technology and so on. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This is the first time His Holiness Dalai Lama mentions he had some very serious illness. Very worrying. This video is captured April 2019.
    4 weeks ago
    This is the first time His Holiness Dalai Lama mentions he had some very serious illness. Very worrying. This video is captured April 2019.
  • Beautiful Monastery in Hong Kong
    1 month ago
    Beautiful Monastery in Hong Kong
  • This dog thanks his hero in such a touching way. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 month ago
    This dog thanks his hero in such a touching way. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Join Tsem Rinpoche in prayer for H.H. Dalai Lama’s long life~ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYy7JcveikU&feature=youtu.be
    1 month ago
    Join Tsem Rinpoche in prayer for H.H. Dalai Lama’s long life~ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYy7JcveikU&feature=youtu.be
  • These people going on pilgrimage to a holy mountain and prostrating out of devotion and for pilgrimage in Tibet. Such determination for spiritual practice. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    These people going on pilgrimage to a holy mountain and prostrating out of devotion and for pilgrimage in Tibet. Such determination for spiritual practice. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Beautiful new casing in Kechara for Vajra Yogini. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    Beautiful new casing in Kechara for Vajra Yogini. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Get ready to laugh real hard. This is Kechara’s version of “Whatever Happened to Baby Jane!” We have some real talents in this video clip.
    2 months ago
    Get ready to laugh real hard. This is Kechara’s version of “Whatever Happened to Baby Jane!” We have some real talents in this video clip.
  • Recitation of Dorje Dermo‘s mantra or the Dharani of Glorious Vajra Claws. This powerful mantra is meant to destroy all obstacles that come in our way. Beneficial to play this mantra in our environments.
    2 months ago
    Recitation of Dorje Dermo‘s mantra or the Dharani of Glorious Vajra Claws. This powerful mantra is meant to destroy all obstacles that come in our way. Beneficial to play this mantra in our environments.
  • Beautiful
    2 months ago
    Beautiful
    Beautiful sacred Severed Head Vajra Yogini from Tsem Rinpoche's personal shrine.
  • My little monster cute babies Dharma and Oser. Take a look and get a cute attack for the day! Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    My little monster cute babies Dharma and Oser. Take a look and get a cute attack for the day! Tsem Rinpoche
  • Plse watch this short video and see how all sentient beings are capable of tenderness and love. We should never hurt animals nor should we eat them. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    Plse watch this short video and see how all sentient beings are capable of tenderness and love. We should never hurt animals nor should we eat them. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Cruelty of some people have no limits and it’s heartbreaking. Being kind cost nothing. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    Cruelty of some people have no limits and it’s heartbreaking. Being kind cost nothing. Tsem Rinpoche
  • SUPER ADORABLE and must see
    4 months ago
    SUPER ADORABLE and must see
    Tsem Rinpoche's dog Oser girl enjoying her snack in her play pen.
  • Cute!
    5 months ago
    Cute!
    Oser girl loves the balcony so much. - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTcoWpKJm2c
  • Uncle Wong
    5 months ago
    Uncle Wong
    We were told by Uncle Wong he is very faithful toward Dorje Shugden. Dorje Shugden has extended help to him on several occasions and now Uncle Wong comes daily to make incense offerings to Dorje Shugden. He is grateful towards the help he was given.
  • Tsem Rinpoche’s Schnauzer Dharma boy fights Robot sphere from Arkonide!
    5 months ago
    Tsem Rinpoche’s Schnauzer Dharma boy fights Robot sphere from Arkonide!
  • Cute baby owl found and rescued
    5 months ago
    Cute baby owl found and rescued
    We rescued a lost baby owl in Kechara Forest Retreat.
  • Nice cups from Kechara!!
    5 months ago
    Nice cups from Kechara!!
    Dorje Shugden people's lives matter!
  • Enjoy a peaceful morning at Kechara Forest Retreat
    5 months ago
    Enjoy a peaceful morning at Kechara Forest Retreat
    Chirping birds and other forest animals create a joyful melody at the Vajrayogini stupa in Kechara Forest Retreat (Bentong, Malaysia).
  • His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche makes offering of khata to Dorje Shugden.
    5 months ago
    His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche makes offering of khata to Dorje Shugden.
    Trijang Rinpoche never gave up his devotion to Dorje Shugden no matter how much Tibetan government in exile pressured him to give up. He stayed loyal inspiring so many of us.
  • Very rare video of His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche the 10th, the all knowing and compassionate one. I pay deep respects to this attained being who has taken many rebirths since the time of Lord Buddha to be of benefit to sentient beings tirelessly. Tsem Rinpoche
    5 months ago
    Very rare video of His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche the 10th, the all knowing and compassionate one. I pay deep respects to this attained being who has taken many rebirths since the time of Lord Buddha to be of benefit to sentient beings tirelessly. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This bigfoot researcher gives good reasonings on bigfoot. Interesting short video.
    5 months ago
    This bigfoot researcher gives good reasonings on bigfoot. Interesting short video.
  • His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche of Gaden Shartse Monastery was one of the teachers of Venerable Geshe Kelsang Gyatso. Here in this beautiful video is Geshe Kelsang Gyatso showing his centre to Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, then proceeding to sit down to receive teachings. For more information- https://bit.ly/2QNac1u
    5 months ago
    His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche of Gaden Shartse Monastery was one of the teachers of Venerable Geshe Kelsang Gyatso. Here in this beautiful video is Geshe Kelsang Gyatso showing his centre to Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, then proceeding to sit down to receive teachings. For more information- https://bit.ly/2QNac1u
  • Tsem Rinpoche’s dog, Oser girl always sits on Rinpoche’s chair. When Rinpoche’s other dog, Dharma tries to get into the chair, he is chased away. Oser is the boss. She is possessive. Cute.
    6 months ago
    Tsem Rinpoche’s dog, Oser girl always sits on Rinpoche’s chair. When Rinpoche’s other dog, Dharma tries to get into the chair, he is chased away. Oser is the boss. She is possessive. Cute.
  • Lama Yeshe talks about how to practice at the beginning and at the end of each day during teachings given in London during the Lamas’ first European teaching tour in 1975. Lama Yeshe was a brilliant teacher and I wanted to share this with everyone so his teachings can reach more people. Tsem Rinpoche
    6 months ago
    Lama Yeshe talks about how to practice at the beginning and at the end of each day during teachings given in London during the Lamas’ first European teaching tour in 1975. Lama Yeshe was a brilliant teacher and I wanted to share this with everyone so his teachings can reach more people. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Our beautiful Dorje Shugden shop in the busiest part of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Many tourists visit our store and this area.
    6 months ago
    Our beautiful Dorje Shugden shop in the busiest part of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Many tourists visit our store and this area.
  • Living off the grid in Australia
    6 months ago
    Living off the grid in Australia
    A Jill Redwood is a jack of all trades, Jill built her own house on her property and lives entirely off the grid with no mains power or town water, mobile reception or television. Living on around $80 a week, Jill has over sixty animals to keep her company and an abundant garden that out serves as an organic supermarket right at her doorstep. Her main expenses are animal feed and the rates on her property. Watch this incredible three minute video and be inspired to live differently.
  • Kyabje Dagom Choktrul Rinpoche offering gold on a 350 year-old Dorje Shugden statue in his chapel in Lhasa. This is how Tibetans show homage and pay respect to a holy image. This chapel and statue of Dorje Shugden in Lhasa dedicated to Dorje Shugden was built by the Great 5th Dalai Lama. Tsem Rinpoche
    6 months ago
    Kyabje Dagom Choktrul Rinpoche offering gold on a 350 year-old Dorje Shugden statue in his chapel in Lhasa. This is how Tibetans show homage and pay respect to a holy image. This chapel and statue of Dorje Shugden in Lhasa dedicated to Dorje Shugden was built by the Great 5th Dalai Lama. Tsem Rinpoche
  • My sweet little Oser girl is so photogenic and adorable. Tsem Rinpoche
    6 months ago
    My sweet little Oser girl is so photogenic and adorable. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    2 yearss ago
    This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    This video is thought-provoking and very interesting. Watch! Thanks so much to our friends at LIVEKINDLY.
  • Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
    2 yearss ago
    Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
  • BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
    2 yearss ago
    BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
  • Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
    2 yearss ago
    Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
  • Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
    2 yearss ago
    Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
  • Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 yearss ago
    Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    2 yearss ago
    This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    she received “one last visit from an old friend” 💔💔
  • Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
    2 yearss ago
    Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
  • Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
    2 yearss ago
    Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
  • Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant  Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
    2 yearss ago
    Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
  • Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
    2 yearss ago
    Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
  • Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 yearss ago
    Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
  • What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    2 yearss ago
    What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    Sick animals are more profitable... farms calculate how close to death they can keep animals without killing them. That's the business model. How quickly they can be made to grow, how tightly they can be packed, how much or how little can they eat, how sick they can get without dying... We live in a world in which it's conventional to treat an animal like a block of wood. ~ Jonathan Safran Foer
  • This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
    2 yearss ago
    This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
  • SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    2 yearss ago
    SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    This happens daily in slaughterhouse so you can get your pork and Bak ku teh. Stop eating meat.

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CHAT PICTURES

Students making soap by themselves during WOAH Camp. Lin Mun KSDS
15 hours ago
Students making soap by themselves during WOAH Camp. Lin Mun KSDS
So happy that young children can engage in dharma practise at the very young age. Lin Mun KSDS
15 hours ago
So happy that young children can engage in dharma practise at the very young age. Lin Mun KSDS
Students reciting dedication verse before ending the Sunday dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
15 hours ago
Students reciting dedication verse before ending the Sunday dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
The happy faces of children during dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
15 hours ago
The happy faces of children during dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
Many people made incense offering on the holy Wesak Day. Lin Mun KSDS
15 hours ago
Many people made incense offering on the holy Wesak Day. Lin Mun KSDS
Join us this weekend for Spiritual Saturday in Kechara Forest Retreat! Saturday, 25 May 9.00 am - 10.45 am: Flower Power (grow flowers from seeds) 11.00 am - 12.30 pm: Book Club (Peace - Eng/Chi) 12.30 pm - 2.30 pm: Lunch @ MGH Interested? To RSVP your place (and your meal!) +6017 965 9484 (WhatsApp) retreat@kechara.com More info: bit.ly/2Df2JA1
3 days ago
Join us this weekend for Spiritual Saturday in Kechara Forest Retreat! Saturday, 25 May 9.00 am - 10.45 am: Flower Power (grow flowers from seeds) 11.00 am - 12.30 pm: Book Club (Peace - Eng/Chi) 12.30 pm - 2.30 pm: Lunch @ MGH Interested? To RSVP your place (and your meal!) +6017 965 9484 (WhatsApp) retreat@kechara.com More info: bit.ly/2Df2JA1
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
3 days ago
Glimpses of Wesak Day celebration at Kechara Forest Retreat
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Dorje Shugden
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