The Lost City of Kota Gelanggi – In Malaysia

May 3, 2019 | Views: 29,344

(By Tsem Rinpoche)

The lost city of Kota Gelanggi is now located amidst dense jungles of the southern Malaysian state of Johor, near a forest reserve managed as Linggiu Reservoir. The site is an area around 140 square kilometres (54 square miles) of the forest reserve surrounding Sungai Madek and Sungai Lenggiu.

The lost city of Kota Gelanggi is an ancient archaeological site located in the deep, dense tropical jungle of Johor state, Malaysia. It is speculated to be the first capital of the ancient Empire of Srivijaya and is one of the oldest Kingdoms in South East Asia’s Malay Peninsula. It is possible that the ancient lost city is even older than Angkor Wat in Cambodia and Borobudur in Indonesia. The site was brought to the public’s attention as a “discovery” in a Malaysian press by Raimy Che-Ross, who was an independent researcher with an academic background in political science, anthropology and art history.

According to Raimy Che-Ross, it was an old Malay manuscript that was once owned by Sir Stamford Raffles, the founder of Singapore, that led Raimy Che-Ross to believe in the existence of the ancient city in Johor. The presence of the city was indicated in Malayan folklore for over four centuries. His findings were published in the Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society in 2004 and on top of that, he managed to identify unusual patterns of vegetation in the alleged site of the ancient city. A remote sensing satellite image taken by the Malaysian Centre for Remote Sensing (Macres) has revealed possible structures which match aerial photographs taken by Canberra-based independent researcher Raimy Che-Ross. The image has also shown that the apparent structures are much more extensive than previously thought.

It is reported that the lost city of Kota Gelanggi in Johor could possibly be the unidentified temple shown in a thousand-year-old illustration from Nepal, in “The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines” (Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita).

 

1,000-year-old image of temple may be that of Kota Gelanggi

BY TEOH TEIK HOONG AND AUDREY EDWARDS

PETALING JAYA: The lost city of Kota Gelanggi in Johor may be the unidentified temple shown in a 1000-year-old illustration of an unknown place in the region, a Cambridge University expert said.

R.C. Jamieson, Keeper of Sanskrit Manuscripts at the University of Cambridge, Britain, said the origin of the illustration which showed a former Buddha, Dipamkara, making a gesture of reassurance and holding a fold of his robe at his shoulder in a temple in Java had yet to be verified.

“However, we must bear in mind that Java then might not have been just the present island alone. At the time of The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines (Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita) manuscript, the term encompassed Sumatra and part of the Malay peninsula.

“The manuscript states that the image was taken around 1015 A.D.,” he said in an e-mail interview from London.

Dipamkara with two attendants, found in an illustration from the manuscript kept at Cambridge University.

RELIGIOUS PORTRAYAL: Dipamkara making a gesture of reassurance and holding a fold of his robe at his shoulder while two attendants make the gesture of explanation and hold a blue lotus in an illustration from the manuscript kept at Cambridge University.

The palm-leaf manuscript got to Cambridge from Nepal and the main text was in Sanskrit, Jamieson added.

The illustration also shows two attendants who are bodhisattvas (deities) making the gesture of explanation and holding a blue lotus, among other items, while standing in a temple between some trees.

Jamieson said whether or not the illustration was that of the lost city of Kota Gelanggi, it was worth a detailed investigation.

He said: “If they were the one and the same, it would be a fabulous discovery. If they are not, the work is still valuable and the style of the illustrated building and remains could still be very similar.”

He expressed his willingness to assist in any expedition to verify the lost city initiated by the Museum and Antiquities Department.

Jamieson said the history of such places was important in the history of religion, trade, and international contact at the time and in many other spheres.

“I feel sure something has been found and the only sensible thing is to examine it in a scholarly fashion,” he added.

A website located at www.edlis.org/pow depicts many illustrations from the book.

Source: https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2005/02/06/1000yearold-image-of-temple-may-be-that-of-kota-gelanggi/

The current map of Southeast Asia. The Srivijaya Empire is circled in red (click to enlarge)

The current map of Southeast Asia. The Srivijaya Empire is circled in red. Click to enlarge.

The location of Kota Gelanggi in Malaysia (click to enlarge)

The location of Kota Gelanggi in Malaysia. Click to enlarge

 

History

According to history, Kota Gelanggi is located at the upper reaches of the Johor River and the main fort is made of black stone. It was speculated that the name “Kota Gelanggi” derives from the Malay mispronunciation of the Thai word Ghlong-Keow or “Box of Emeralds”. It is reported that this ancient city was the 12th city of the lost Naksat Cities from the Siamese folklore. The Naksat cities were a group of twelve interlinked cities of the ancient Malay Kingdom of Tambralinga. These cities functioned as the outer shield surrounding the capital city, Nakorn Si Thammarat. They were connected by land so that they could assist each other in the event of surprise attacks.

According to ancient Tamil inscriptions, the city was raided in 1025 A.D. by the South Indian Chola Dynasty conqueror Rajendra Chola I, after he had destroyed the Malay Kingdom of Gangga Negara.

Information on Kota Gelanggi can also be found in the Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals), edited and revised by Tun Seri Lanang, the Bendahara (equivalent to the prime minister of a sultanate) of the Royal Court of Johor in 1612 A.D.

Ancient Chinese manuscripts have indicated the existence of the lost city of Kota Gelanggi, or known as Klang Kiu, as a city of shining black stone, according to a Chinese history expert.

The city was mentioned in the book “Strange Countries” from the Cambridge Library Rare Books Collection, and had an illustration of a bell adorned by two Buddhas, lotus flowers and birds, which was said to have existed in the city, that has a stupa-like multi-tiered structure. It was mentioned that the structure was 32 zhang high (106.67 metres or 349.97 feet) and was surrounded by 300 graves.

According to Prof. Dr. Tan Ka Kheng, who has been researching for several years, ‘The city was an important point for trade’, and the scriptures had indicated that this city was somewhere in the peninsula. Another sketch from the manuscript had a picture of a Buddha and a Hindu deity on an altar and a worshipper paying homage to them and this could also be from the lost city which was also called Pulau An. Pulau An meant peace and took four nights by boat to travel from Majapahit in Java then. Chinese maps dating 1600 A.D. had mentioned the existence of the ancient city in the peninsula. Artefacts found downstream from the site in Kota Gelanggi, which were being kept by the Johor Heritage Foundation, confirmed that the city was a trading post.

Apart from that, Kota Gelanggi was also a centre of sacred learning. Raimy Che-Ross said that Hinduism and Buddhist statues and figurines may exist and there is also a possibility of finding epigraphic inscriptions (writings on granite).

 

About Srivijaya Empire

Borobudur Temple in East Java, Indonesia. Click the picture to read the article "Buddhist Kingdoms in Indonesia".

Borobudur Temple in East Java, Indonesia. Click the picture to read the article “Buddhist Kingdoms of Indonesia”.

The Srivijaya Kingdom was a Buddhist kingdom that dominated a substantial part of Malay-Indonesian archipelago, Indonesia from 650 to 1377 A.D. It was regarded as an important centre for the expansion of Buddhism from the 8th to the 12th century.

The information about the Srivijaya Kingdom is mostly found in the form of stone inscriptions written in ancient Malay language, as found at the Kedukan Bukit, Talang Tuwo, Telaga Batu and Kota Kapur inscriptions. According to the inscriptions, the city of Palembang, Sumatra was possibly the centre of the Srivijaya Kingdom, and this is evident by a rectangular enclosure encircled by a moat, forming a fort known as the Bamboo Fort.

The inscriptions also tell a story of a war chief named Dapunta Hyang, who waged war against his rivals and managed to gather support from the neighbouring cities along the Musi River. Eventually, this led to the formation of the Srivijaya Kingdom. Dapunta Hyang became the founder and the first king of the Srivijaya Kingdom. The Srivijaya Kingdom and its kings were influential factors in the spreading of Buddhism as they established and spread the religion in the places they conquered like Java, Malaya and so forth.

 

VIDEO: Reenactment of Life in the Srivijaya Empire

Or view the video on the server at:
https://video.tsemtulku.com/videos/SriwijyaEmpire-4.mp4

The Srivijaya Kingdom enjoyed prosperity due to its strategic location for maritime trading which provided a link between China, Southeast Asia and India. In addition, its proximity to the estuary of the Musi River made the soil in the area fertile and ideal for farming. The Chinese often referred to the Srivijaya Kingdom as Jinzhou, or the “Gold Coast” because of the great reserves of gold found in the kingdom.

The Srivijaya Kingdom was also famous as the centre for the practice of Vajrayana Buddhism, the Tantric school of Mahayana Buddhism. According to the Talang Tuwo Inscription (684 A.D.), the king was a religious ruler who associated himself with the power of a Bodhisattva. Srivijaya did not leave many Buddhist archaeological remains but it had become the Buddhist learning centre for the scholars and monks, especially in the city of Palembang.

Evidence of the Srivijaya Kingdom’s existence can be traced from the 7th century. A Tang dynasty Chinese monk, I-tsing wrote that he visited the Srivijaya in 671 A.D. for six months to learn Sanskrit grammar and the Malay language before continuing his journey to study Buddhism at the renowned Buddhist university of Nalanda, in Bihar, India. Upon finishing his 11 years’ worth of learning at the university, he returned to the Srivijaya Kingdom on his way back to China.

He stayed in Palembang for two years to translate various original Sanskrit Buddhist scriptures into Chinese. He returned to China, in 689 A.D. in order to get some paper and ink because he could not find them in Srivijaya. He returned to Srivijaya in the same year. In 695 A.D., he returned to China and brought back approximately 400 translated texts of Buddhist teachings with him. He also wrote two travel diaries entitled “A Record of Buddhist Practices Sent Home From the Southern Seas” and “Buddhist Monk’s Pilgrimage of the Tang Dynasty” to sum up his 25 year-long adventure in the Srivijaya Kingdom and India.

“… Many kings and chieftains in the islands of the Southern Ocean admire and believe in [Buddhism], and their hearts are set on accumulating good actions. In the fortified city of Bhoga [Palembang, the Srivijaya’s capital] Buddhist priests numbered more than 1,000, whose minds are bent on learning and good practices. They investigate and study all the subjects that exist just as in the Middle Kingdom [Madhya-desa, India]; the rules and ceremonies are not at all different. If a Chinese priest wishes to go to the West in order to hear (lectures) and read [the original scriptures], he had better stay here for one or two years and practice the proper rules and then proceed to Central India.”

Source: – From I-tsing’s “A Record of Buddhist Practices Sent Home from the Southern Sea”, also known as the Nanhai Jigui Neifa Zhuan.

The Srivijaya Kingdom was a learning centre for Buddhism that produced many notable Buddhist scholars, including Suvarṇadvipa Dharmakīrti, an illustrious 10th century Buddhist master of Lojong and Bodhicitta. He was known as the teacher of Atisha Dipamkara Shrijñana who went to Srivijaya to study under Suvarṇadvipa’s guidance for 12 years.

The decline of the Srivijaya Kingdom began in 1025 after Rajendra Chola, the Chola king from Tamil Nadu in South India, launched a series of foreign raids on this Kingdom. He was attracted to the great wealth of the Srivijaya Kingdom. King Rajendra’s continuous attacks greatly weakened the Srivijaya’s domination, and it eventually resulted in the formation of smaller regional kingdoms such as Kediri, which focused their economic activities on agricultural produce instead of coastal trading. The weakened Srivijaya Kingdom was finally defeated by the Majapahit Kingdom, with its predominantly Hindu culture.

 

VIDEO: Why Did the Cholas Invade the Srivijaya Empire?

Or view the video on the server at:
https://video.tsemtulku.com/videos/WhyDidTheCholasInvadeTheSrivijayaEmpire.mp4

 

The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines (Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita)

According to John K. Miksic in “Three Mountains in Malay History”, the Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita from Nepal that was published in the year 1015 A.D. was copied and adorned with depictions of famous statues and sanctuaries.

Among them, three Buddhist images from the Malay realm are mentioned: a Dipangkara (Dipamkara) from Java, a Lokanātha on Valavati Mountain in Kedah, and another Lokanātha at Srivijayapura (Schoterman 1986: 12). Dipangkara (Dipamkara) is an image of Buddha in protection mudra (symbolic gesture), which may have been a sort of guardian deity for sailors. Lokanatha is an esoteric Buddhist deity. At that particular time period, Java might not have been just the present island alone, but encompassed Sumatra and part of the Malay peninsula. Some scholars or experts are of the opinion that the Dipangkara illustration was that of the lost city of Kota Gelanggi.

The illustration of Dipangkara (Dipamkara) from the palm-leaf manuscript of Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita of the 1015 A.D. This image could be that of the lost city of Kota Gelanggi.

The illustration of Dipangkara (Dipamkara) from the palm-leaf manuscript of Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita of the 1015 A.D. This image could be that of the lost city of Kota Gelanggi.
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Excerpts & Gallery

Apart from “The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines”, which may possibly contain the illustration of Buddha Dipamkara from Kota Gelanggi, we have also made available some samples of other ancient scriptures, texts and excerpts from the Cambridge University Library to share with you. May you be blessed by viewing or reading these texts.

Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita, The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines from Sri Hlam Monastery, Nepal, Year 1015

Amongst the many Buddhist works in the collection at Cambridge University Library, this is a very important Sanskrit palm leaf manuscript, about a thousand years old, and is thought to be one of the oldest dated illustrated Indian manuscripts in the world. Below are some illustrations from this precious manuscript.

This copy that comes is thought to be the earliest dated illustrated manuscript from Nepal, written there in the year 1015. A selection of illustrations from this manuscript is shown here, on the theme of pilgrimage. It is remarkable that in the year 1015, colour illustrations of images, buildings and places from such a wide geographical range could be seen: Sri Lanka, China, Bihar, Orissa, Gujarat, Bangladesh, Maharashtra, Tamilnadu, Pakistan, Mumbai, Java. Some sites depicted remain unidentified, some can be visited to this day.

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Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita, The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines Sri Hlam Monastery, Nepal, 1015. (Add.1643). Another important Sanskrit palm leaf manuscript, almost a thousand years old, is also a Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines (Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita) but this one comes from Nepal and is thought to be the earliest dated illustrated manuscript from that country, written there in the year 1015. A selection of illustrations from this manuscript is shown here, on the theme of pilgrimage. It is remarkable that in the year 1015 colour illustrations of images, buildings and places from such a wide geographical range could be seen: Sri Lanka, China, Bihar, Orissa, Gujarat, Bangladesh, Maharashtra, Tamilnadu, Pakistan, Mumbai, Java. Some sites depicted remain unidentified, some can be visited to this day. Click to enlarge

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Perfections – Seven female Paramitas, all seated Indian style, framed by ornate curtains, with tassels hanging between the panels. Prajnaparamita is in the centre. Add.1643: cover. Click to enlarge

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Bodhisattvas – Seven bodhisattvas are depicted: a yellow Maitreya, the future Buddha; a green Samantabhadra; a yellow Candraprabha; a red four-armed Avalokitesvara Sadaksari; a red Jaliniprabha; a green Gandhahasti and a yellow Sagaramati. Add.1643: cover. Click to enlarge

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Sri Lanka. A yellow Jambhala in Sri Lanka, holds his mongoose vomiting jewels. He sits Indian style on a cushion on a lotus throne, supported by a throne back of some sophistication, his right leg hanging down, his right arm in the gesture of giving but holding a citron, a fruit a little larger than a lemon. He has two female attendants, a yellow Vasudhara and a white Tara. In the background there are mountains and woods. Add.1643 : folio 80 verso, right panel

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China. A green Samantabhadra in China, sitting astride his fine white elephant with a red trunk. He is making the gesture of teaching, while holding a golden sceptre. He is in a halo, with trees and mountains in the background. Add.1643 : folio 127 recto, left panel

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Bihar. The ornate white Asokan stupa at Radhya (northern Bihar). To the right is its one storey monastery with a green monk wearing a red robe seated on the veranda. On the far left there is a white pillar surmounted by a half bird, half human, king of the birds, a garuda. Both the monk and the bird are making a gesture of honouring. A curtain and garlands hang from the sky. The architectural detail is exquisite. The pillar can be visited to this day, though the distinctive top has not survived. That makes this illustration all the more valuable both in showing what was once there and as an identification aid if a top was ever found. Add.1643 : folio 127 recto, right panel

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Orissa. An ornate green and gold stupa in Odradesa (northern Orissa). Its red parasol is unconnected to the stupa and appears to be floating in the air, but presumably it is attached to the cave ceiling. A yellow monk in a red robe, shoulder uncovered, honours the stupa, and to the left are four bodhisattvas — possibly a red Amitabha, a green Samantabhadra, a yellow Maitreya and a blue Vajrapani. Two small stupas are in the background. There is a border of stones at the front and some sort of balustrade on the left, perhaps a cave temple door. Add.1643 : folio 169 recto, left panel

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Gujarat. A green Tara, in Tarapura in Latade | a (Gujarat), her right hand in the gesture of giving and her left arm bent holding a blue lotus. Her assistant is a bluish white bodhisattva, presumably a Tara. They are in a temple cut into the rock with a cupola and masonry. There are four other cave temples. One has a yellow monk, standing, in a red robe. The next has a white god (devata). The next has a seated Buddha, the last has a wrathful blue attendant wearing a stylish spotted dhoti, holding a club and a noose, perhaps Ugratara. To the left of the green Tara is a small
blue attendant riding a mule, presumably Kaladevi. Add.1643 : folio 169 recto, right panel

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Bangladesh. A white Avalokitesvara on Jaya Mountain in Samatata (eastern Bangladesh), seated Indian style, his right leg hanging down, his right hand in the gesture of giving and his left hand holding a pink lotus. He has two attendants, a green Tara and a red Marici making the gesture of remembering the Buddha, below two trees. Add.1643 : folio 193 recto, left panel

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Tamilnadu. A yellow Vasudhârâ in Kancinagara (modern Kancheepuram in northern Tamilnadu), with six arms, seated Indian style, her right leg hanging down. One hand is in the gesture of giving, the next holds a jewel, the next is in the gesture of remembering the Buddha, the next holds a book, the next a stalk, the next is holding a pink lotus. On either side green female attendants are each holding a full golden dish. All are in a temple, above which on each side is a small portico. Kancinagara was the capital for the south Indian Pallava dynasty (third century to tenth century) and was a renowned centre of learning and religious authority. Both Buddhism and Jainism, as well as Hinduism, flourished in the city. Political figures and scholars were frequent visitors. Bodhidharma, who is said to have introduced Dhyana Buddhism (Chan or Zen) into China in the sixth century lived there. The fifth century logician Dinnaga, is associated with the city as are many other well known figures. Add.1643 : folio 200 verso, left panel

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Pakistan. A wrathful red Marici in Uddiyana (the Swat valley, northern Pakistan), with three faces, white, red and blue, each with three eyes. She is swinging her eleven arms in a halo of flames. She holds a club, an elephant goad, a thunderbolt, an arrow, a sword, a red Asoka flower (Saraca indica), a bow, a thread, Brahma’s severed head, and a noose. She is making a threatening gesture (tarjani mudra) and is known for paralysing, bewildering and killing wicked beings. Indistinctly on the left there may be a twelfth hand, possibly between the thunderbolt and the arrow? MS Add.1643: folio 200 verso, right panel

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Bihar. A white stupa in Tirabhukti (modern Tirhut, northern Bihär), its cupola sitting on ten terraces with a golden top, banners flowing. Two green monks in yellow clothing honour the image. Add.1643 : folio 214 verso, left panel

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Mumbai. The ornate white Rhinoceros Horn stupa on the Black Mountain in Konkan (a rhinoceros horn is the symbol of a solitary pratyekabuddha, so called because he is a solitary being like a rhinoceros). The stupa is bordered by cave temple walls and monks’ cells are carved among the rocks. Three monks make gestures of honouring and a fourth holds a book. Presumably we are looking at the famous Kanheri Caves, not far north of Mumbai (Bombay), where the majority of the caves consist of small single room cells and the remains of several stupas can be seen. Add.1643 : folio 214 verso, right panel

 

Go to The Perfection of Wisdom (India)

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Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita, The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines from Bihar, India, Year 997

Amongst the many Buddhist works in the collection at Cambridge University Library is a very important Sanskrit palm leaf manuscript, about a thousand years old, which has one of the most famous titles in the world literature — The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines (Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita). It is thought to be the oldest dated illustrated Indian manuscript in the world, written in the year 997 and was produced during the reign of Mahipala I, the Pala king who, between 992-1042, ruled over what are now parts of northern India and Nepal. Below are some illustrations from this precious manuscript.

Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita, The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines Bihär, India, 997. (Add. 1464). Amongst the many Buddhist works in the collection at Cambridge University Library is a very important Sanskrit palm leaf manuscript, about a thousand years old, which has one of the most famous titles in the world literature — The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines (Astasahasrikaprajnaparamita). It is thought to be the oldest dated illustrated Indian manuscript in the world, written in the year 997 and was produced during the reign of Mahipala I, the Pala king who, between 992-1042, ruled over what are now parts of northern India and Nepal. For the first time all the illustrations from this manuscript are exhibited. Click to enlarge

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Death of the Buddha at Kusinagara (near Gorakhpur, eastern Uttar Pradesh), his entry into final nirvana (parinirvana) beneath two sala trees (Shorea robusta). He is lying on his right side, his face facing this way, his right arm folded under his head, his left arm along the side of his body. Leaning over him is a yellow monk in a red robe, and seated leaning in front of him on one arm is another yellow monk in a red robe. There is a stupa in the background in the upper right, though it is not very clear. The legs of the couch are also hard to make out. Add.1464 : folio 226 verso, centre panel

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Green Tara. A green Tara, her right hand in the gesture of giving and her left hand on her hip, probably holding a blue lotus. She has two attendants, a yellow Marici, and presumably a blue Ekajata. Add.1464 : folio 226 verso, right panel

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Avalokitesvara on a lion throne. A white Simhanada Avalokitesvara, bare of all jewellery, seated on a lion. A red sacred cloth, rather like a sacred thread, holds his right leg in position. A lotus is on the right. Add.1464 : folio 227 recto, centre panel

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Mara’s daughters tempt the Buddha. The historical Buddha calls the earth to witness with his right hand, at Bodhgaya (Bihar). Mara, in the form of the god of desire Kama, shoots an arrow at the Buddha. The sensually beautiful daughters of Mara are attempting to distract his attention. When the Buddha was a bodhisattva on the verge of enlightenment, the evil Mara and his army began this final attack upon him. The Buddha stroked his head, then touched the seat on which he sat, and then the earth. The earth acted as his witness with a great earthquake, terrifying Mara’s followers, who ran away. An earthquake is a powerful symbol emphasising the impermanence of the world. Add.1464 : folio 2 recto, centre panel

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Heaven of the Thirty-Three Gods. The historical Buddha at Samkasya (western Uttar Pradesh), after descending from the Heaven of the Thirty-Three Gods where he had been teaching his deceased mother for three months. His right hand is making the gesture of giving and his left hand is making the gesture of explanation. A white Brahma, representing gods from the realm of form (rupadhatu), is on the left, his hair an ascetic’s crown of matted locks, a yellow Indra, representing gods from the realm of desire, is on the right wearing a three-crested crown. Both are honouring the Buddha. In 400, when Fa Xian visited India, this site was a significant centre of pilgrimage. He reports Asoka to have erected a Buddha image at the site. Could that image be the model for this depiction? Add.1464 : folio 128 recto, right panel

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Yellow Tara. A yellow Tara, her right hand in the gesture of giving and her left hand on her hip, probably holding a lotus. A green Tärä is on the right and seems to be holding a pink lotus, offering it. Nothing is clear due to the condition of the illustration. Add.1464 : folio 227 recto, left panel

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Manjughosa on a lion throne. A yellow Manjughosa, his hands making the gesture of teaching, seated Indian style on a blue lion, his left leg hanging down. Very indistinctly he has a blue lotus entwined around his arm. Even less clearly the lotus is bearing a book, which would be expected to be the Perfection of Wisdom. He has two attendants, bodhisattvas, a golden yellow Sudhanakumara making a gesture of honouring and a blue Yamari (a form of Yamantaka), short, chubby, with bulging eyes and orange hair, wearing a leopard skin dhoti. His posture might suggest he is leaning on a staff. Manjughosa’s mandorla is similar to that of the Buddha in the centre panel of this folio, even in detail like the hatching on the throneback cushion. The first panel of this folio also has a mandorla, though less pronounced in its present condition. Add.1464 : folio 2 recto, right panel

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Monkey. The historical Buddha seated under a tree in the mango grove at Vaisali (northern Bihar), holds a begging bowl full of honey, given by a monkey. The five other figures are all one character, the monkey climbing the tree to get the honey, the monkey offering the honey to the Buddha, the monkey dancing with joy until he falls to his death down a well (impaled on a tree stump in some versions), and the monkey flying in the sky, reborn in the Heaven of the Thirty-Three Gods. Add.1464 folio 127 verso, left panel

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Avalokitesvara. A white Avalokitesvara, his right hand in the gesture of giving, his left arm bent. He is wearing a loose meditation cord. There is an uncoloured lotus to his left. One of his attendants is a golden yellow Prince Sudhana, making a gesture of honouring, holding a book to his chest, and wearing a five leafed crown. The other seems to be a red Hayagriva, holding his staff. His gaze is towards Avalokitesvara, and he is short and chubby with a hair style associated with Gupta images from around the fifth century. Add.1464 : folio 2 recto, left panel

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Birth. Queen Maya, after giving birth to the historical Buddha. She stands under a sala tree (Shorea robusta) in the Lumbini grove near Kapilavastu (Tilaurakot, southern Nepal), supported by her sister. The child was born from her right side and is portrayed to the left, as a miniature Buddha, standing. The seven steps he took at birth are represented on the ground and Indra, wearing a three crested crown, offers a cloth to the Buddha. Add.1464 : folio 127 verso, right panel

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A former Buddha, Dïpamkara, in Java with attendant bodhisattvas each holding a blue lotus. A lotus symbolises Buddhist teaching because it is a beautiful flower which blossoms even in filthy water. 1015 CE MS Add. 1643: folio 2 verso

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The Hindu figure Krsna plays his flute to entice the cowgirls in an illustration from a seventeenth century kalâpustaka, a lavishly illustrated manuscript from Nepal. MS Add.864: folios 137 and 138

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Avalokitesvara. A white Avalokitesvara, his right hand in the gesture of giving, his left arm bent. He is wearing a loose meditation cord. There is an uncoloured lotus to his left. One of his attendants is a golden yellow Prince Sudhana, making a gesture of honouring, holding a book to his chest, and wearing a five-leafed crown. The other seems to be a red Hayagriva, holding his staff. His gaze is towards Avalokitesvara, and he is short and chubby with a hairstyle associated with Gupta images from around the fifth century. Add.1464 : folio 2 recto, left panel

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First teaching. The first teaching of the historical Buddha with his disciples at the Deer Park, at Sarnath near Varanasi (eastern Uttar Pradesh). The central figure is the Buddha seated Indian style, making the gesture of teaching. On each side are two disciples in red robes honouring the Buddha, two of the five ascetics who were the first disciples. At the front of the lotus throne there is a wheel of the law and two deer. Add.1464 : folio 127 verso, centre panel

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Mad elephant. Calming the mad elephant Nalagiri at Räjagrha (Rajgir, central Bihar). Devadatta, a cousin of the Buddha, had such pride and jealousy of his cousin that he provoked the crazed elephant Nälägiri to kill the Buddha. But without any weapons the simple presence of the Buddha calms the elephant, shown here enraged and then calmed. The fear of the two disciples is vivid as they cling like children to the Buddha. His shoulder is uncovered, he makes a gesture of reassurance and his left hand makes the gesture of explanation. The latter hand is evocatively echoing fire to the right, the essence of spiritual power. Springing from the five fingers of his right hand are five lions, simply drawn, looking somewhat equine, representing the teachings of the Buddha. Add. 1464 : folio 128 recto, left panel.

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Avalokitesvara. A six-armed white Avalokitesvara, making the gesture of giving with one right hand, making the gesture of explanation with another right hand, the other hands are not clearly distinguishable, though the final right hand is perhaps in the gesture of knowledge at his chest and the upper left hand seems to be holding something blue, and there is a pink lotus. One of his attendants is a golden yellow Prince Sudhana, not overly clear but presumably making a gesture of honouring, and maybe holding a book to his chest and wearing a five leafed crown. The other seems to be a red Hayagriva, perhaps holding his staff. His gaze is towards Avalokitesvara, and he is short and chubby with a Gupta hair style. He seems to be offering the pink lotus. Add.1464 : folio 226 verso, left panel

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The Lotus Sutra

The Lotus Sutra is one of the most popular and influential Mahayana sutras and the basis of numerous schools of Buddhism that were established such as Tiantai, Tendai and Nichiren. One of the most important ideas clarified by the Lotus Sutra is the principle of the equality of all people including women, “evil” people and others who are discriminated against in other teachings. Below are 2 Lotus SËtra palm leaf manuscripts from around one thousand years ago to share with you.

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Introduction to Lotus Sutra in English. Click to download PDF

Introduction to Lotus Sutra in Japanese. Click to download PDF

Below are texts of Shaku Makaen Ron Son Gensho, Fo Shuo Da Cheng Guan Xiang Man Na Luo Jing Zhu E Gujing, and Hyakumanto Dharani

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Hyakumanto dharani Japan, 764-770 A dharani is a Buddhist invocation. The Hyakumanto dharani [One million pagoda charms] are among the earliest datable printed documents in the world. There are four surviving texts, which are called Kompon, Sorin, Jishin ‘in and Rokudo, each found in short and long form. Each text was originally rolled up as a tiny scroll and placed in a recess in the middle of a miniature pagoda made of cypress and cherry wood; these were then distributed to Buddhist temples in Japan. It is not known exactly how many were printed, but thousands of these scrolls survive today. Exhibited here are Sorin in short form and Jishin ’in in long form. FG. 870.3-1

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Fa-wu Shaku makaen ron son gensho Mount Koya, 1288. This is a commentary on Shaku makaen ron written by a Chinese Buddhist scholar Fa-wu at the request by Emperor Tian-you (De-zong) of Kara-Khitai (Western Liao). Shaku makaen ron is also a commentary on Daijo kishin ron, a Chinese translation of a work in Sanskrit by Asvaghosa. Shaku makaen ron san gensho was introduced into Japan through Korea in 1105, and this particular edition, known as the Koya edition, was printed at Mount Koya in 1288. This is the fourth of five volumes. FG.710.135

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Fo shuo da cheng guan xiang man na luo jing zhue qujing. Fuzhou (South China), 1107. This is the oldest printed book in Cambridge University Library and is a Chinese translation from Sanskrit of a work from the Buddhist canon, Buddhabhasita-prasadaka-sutra, a Sutra [word of the Buddha] on purification from evil, translated by Faxian (circa 337-422). The oldest known extant dated printed book, printed in 868, is also a Chinese translation from Sanskrit of a Buddhist work: the Diamond Sutra (now in the British Library). In Buddhist belief, the multiplication of sacred texts such as these in itself constituted an act of merit. This book is printed on mulberry paper, and (as was usual in the Far East) is printed from a number of wooden blocks, on each of which was cut a mirror-image of a section of the text. FH.20.61

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Kalapustaka Nepal, [cl600]. A lavishly illustrated seventeenth-century “kalapustaka” from Nepal. Seventy-two folios of brilliantly painted handmade paper glued together in the fashion of a concertina so that the complete manuscript can be unfolded to be viewed in its entire length. The texts illustrated include the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, Vikramaditya’s Vetalapancavimsati, the Asvasastra, a few Vaisnava legends and the Buddhist story of Sudhanakumara and Manohara. Illustrations of a few of the sixty-four siddhas, of horses and of other animals are also included. The folios displayed here concentrate on the dicing game and a few scenes from the eighteen day battle in the Mahäbhärata between the Kauravas and the Pandavas. Each folio is painted on both sides, and therefore the manuscript needs to be reversed to view the second run of illustrations which can be seen reflected in the mirror, (when you visit the exhibition) upside down, but they are recognisably scenes from the Ramayana. (Add.864) The eldest Kaurava, an orange Prince Duryodhana playing dice (with his uncle Sakuni’s expert help) against his Pandava rival a white Prince Yudhisthira, the scoreboard between them. On the left a red Prince Bhima watches, while on the Kaurava side a grey Prince Duhsasana watches. Duryodhana wins handsomely, gaining everything Yudhisthira has, including his brothers and their wife Draupadi. Then Duryodhana and Duhsasana humiliate Draupadi, Duhsasana dragging her by her hair, lewdly trying to undress her in front of everyone, and Bhima vows loudly that there will come a time when he will drink the blood of Duhsasana and smash the thigh of Duryodhana. 20/21 recto

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Twenty-two folios further into the story Prince Bhïma on the left has just finished drinking the blood of the dying Daljéâsana, fulfilling part of his vow. To the right the duel between Arjuna and Kama is shown, the wheel of Kama’s chariot is sinking into the ground and he is struggling to push it free, but Arjuna’s arrow has severed his head, and the severed head is rolling in front of Che sinking wheel almost onto the next folio. 42 recto. On the lower right Duryodhana has concealed himself in the water amongst the fish, exhausted he has left the battlefield. On the left the hunters, carrying meat, have told Bhima where to find Duryodhana. 43 recto

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Bhima coaxes Duryodhana from the water and they fight with clubs. Duryodhana’s thigh is broken. Bhima kicks Duryodhana’s head with his left foot. So now both of Bhima’s vows have been fulfilled. 44 recto. Much of the battle has ended, and scavenging black ravens asleep in a banyan tree on the battlefield are being killed by an owl. The three uninjured survivors of Duryodhana’s army watch this killing, giving them an idea. 45 recto

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Draupadi wants revenge for the slaying of her five children in their sleep, but she is persuaded that the killer’s jewel be taken instead and it is placed in Yudhisthira’s crown. 50 recto. On the left Sakuni. the gambler behind Duryodhana in the game of dice, is killed. Uttara gives birth to Pariksita, the baby on the far right, Arjuna’s grandson who was killed in her womb but is brought back to life. He will succeed Yudhisthira and rule for sixty years. 51 recto

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Asiatic Society of Bengal. Asiatick researches: or, transactions of the society, instituted in Bengal, for inquiring into the history and antiquities, the arts, sciences, and literature, of Asia. Calcutta, 1788-1839. Hindu deities were first presented to English language readers in the article, “On the gods and goddesses of Greece, Italy, and India”, based on a paper written in 1784 and given by Sir William Jones to the Asiatick Society in Calcutta on 24 March 1785 and then published in 1789 in Asiatick researches. The illustrations are hand engraved on copper plates and printed on a rolling press. Only the original Calcutta edition had the full sized single plates. “Printed verbatim from the Calcutta edition” presumably refers to the words alone, the plates are very different. Here the illustration depicts Brahma, the god of creation. Originally he had five heads but lost one. T620.b.46.1

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Asiatic Society of Bengal. Asiatick researches… London, 1799. Brahma and Visnu. Visnu is the god who preserves the universe. In comparing Brahma in the two editions note the Calcutta edition has a much finer plate, with an ornate border, a clear romanised name label at the top, and a fine devanâgarïlabel at the bottom. The London plates are cramped, less stylish and much smaller. RCS.Per.256.1

Indra & Kubera. Indra is the thunder, rain and war god prominent in the Rgveda, the earliest of the Vedas. Kubera is the god of riches. Huntingdon 27.8

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Asiatic Society of Bengal. Asiatick researches… London, 1806. Ganesa & Isvara. Ganesa has the head of an elephant with just one tusk. His rat is by his side. He is the god of success and overcoming obstacles, and is also associated with wisdom, learning, prudence, and power. Isvara is the supreme personal god

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Below is a selection of translated extracts from “The Perfection of Wisdom in 8000 Lines”.

The Gods

The Lord Buddha addressed the gods dwelling in the realm of desire and the gods dwelling in the realm of form, saying, “If, gods, any worthy son or worthy daughter should hear this deep perfection of wisdom, it follows, gods, that they should expect nirvana more quickly than those who practised for an aeon, or for what is left of an aeon, at the stage of following faithfully.” Then the gods dwelling in the realm of desire and the gods dwelling in the realm of form said to the Lord Buddha, “This perfection of wisdom is a great perfection!” After saying that, they bowed at the feet of the Lord Buddha. They circumambulated the Lord Buddha three times and then set off, after announcing, “We will now leave the presence of the Lord Buddha.” After going a little way, they vanished – the gods dwelling in the realm of desire departed to the realm of desire and the gods dwelling in the realm of form departed to Brahma’s world. [283]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

Great Being

The Meaning of the Term ‘Great Being’ “A bodhisattva, a ‘great being’ (maha-sattva), is called that because his purpose greatness, greatness for multitudes of beings, he devotes himself to the mass of beings.” [181]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

Sakra’s Naïve Question

Sakra, king of the gods, asked the Lord Buddha, “Does a bodhisattva, a great being, practise only the perfection of wisdom and not the other perfections?” The Lord Buddha replied, “Kausika, a bodhisattva, a great being, practises all six perfections. But it is the perfection of wisdom that is central to a bodhisattva when he gives a gift, or guards morality, or exercises patience, or exerts vigour, or enters into contemplation, or finds insight into things. No difference or distinction is perceived between these six perfections, upheld by skill in means, developing the perfection of wisdom, developing all-embracing knowledge, just as no difference or distinction is conceived between the shadows cast by different trees in India. Their colours and shapes, their leaves, flowers and fruits, their height and circumference may vary, yet they are all simply called ‘shadows’. Similarly, no difference or distinction is perceived between these six perfections, upheld by skill in means, developing the perfection of wisdom, developing all-embracing knowledge.” [110-101]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

Reverence For All-embracing Knowledge

“After I have gone to parinirvana my relics will be revered. In that regard, Kausika, any worthy son or worthy daughter will, having written or copied this perfection of wisdom, become devoted to it, and will honour, adore, respect, revere, pay homage to and esteem it, with divine flowers, incense, perfumes, garlands, oils, powders, robes, parasols, banners, bells and flags. “Kausika, this will bring more merit to that worthy son or daughter. Why? Kausika, the worthy son or daughter who will revere all-embracing knowledge, that worthy son or daughter honours, adores, respects, reveres, pays homage to and esteems the writing or copying of the perfection of wisdom, and they will perform various acts of reverence to it and from this gain greater merit. Why? Because, Kausika, anyone who reveres all-embracing knowledge will revere the perfection of wisdom.” [58-59]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

The Simile of Space

“Lord Buddha, space does not think, ‘What am I near to, what am I far from?’ Why? Because, Lord Buddha, space does not make such discriminations. Similarly, Lord Buddha, a bodhisattva, a great being, practising the perfection of wisdom, does not think, ‘I am near supreme, truly perfect enlightenment, I am far from the stage of a disciple or the stage of a pratyekabuddha.’ Why? Because the perfection of wisdom is something free from such discriminations.” [1441]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

A Smile of Recognition

There was a woman who had come to that assembly and sat down. She rose from her seat, adjusted her top robe over one shoulder, knelt to the earth on her right knee, folded her hands towards the Lord Buddha, and said to him, “Lord Buddha, in this place, I am not frightened, I am not terrified. Not trembling, not frightened, and not terrified, I will show’ the teachings to all sentient beings.” Then the Lord Buddha broke into a smile, golden in colour on that occasion. By its lustre, it beamed through endless and boundless world systems, rising up as far as Brahma’s world. Then, after it returned, it circled around the Lord Buddha three times and then finally’ faded from his face. Immediately after the Lord Buddha had broken into that smile, the woman seized some golden flowers, strewing and scattering the golden flowers over the Lord Buddha. But then these golden flowers, unsupported, were suspended in the air!

Then the venerable Ananda rose from his seat, adjusted his top robe over one shoulder, knelt to the earth on his right knee, folded his hands towards the Lord Buddha, and said to him, “What prompted that, Lord Buddha? What was the reason you broke into a smile? Truly, perfect’ enlightened Tathagatas and arhats do not break into a smile without cause or good reason.” So then the Lord Buddha replied to the venerable Ananda, “Ananda, this is our sister, the goddess of the Ganges! In a future time she will be the Tathagata called ‘Golden Flower’. She will arise as an arhat, truly perfectly enlightened, accomplished in knowledge and good conduct, a Sugata, streetwise, supreme, a tamer of wild men, a teacher of both gods and men, a Buddha, a Lord Buddha. She will become completely enlightened in supreme, truly perfect enlightenment in the stellar aeon. [365-366]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

Subhuti’s Task

The Lord Buddha said to the venerable Subhuti the Elder, “Make it clear, Subhuti, to the bodhisattvas, the great beings, beginning with the perfection of wisdom, how bodhisattvas, great beings, go forth into the perfection of wisdom.” [3]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

A Magician’s Illusion

The Lord Buddha said, “Subhuti, here a bodhisattva, a great being, thinks, I should lead countless beings to nirvana. I should lead innumerable beings to nirvana. But no-one exists who can be led to nirvana by anyone.” And still, he leads those sentient beings to nirvana. Yet there is no being who is led to nirvana, nor is anybody led to nirvana by anyone.

Why? Subhuti, the inherent nature of phenomena should be assumed to be inherently illusory. Subhuti, a talented magician, or even a magician’s apprentice, might conjure up a great crowd of people at a crossroads and then make that great crowd of people that has been conjured up, disappear. Subhuti, what do you think about that? Was anyone there really created or killed or destroyed or made to disappear?”

Subhuti replied, “No, Lord Buddha.”

The Lord Buddha said, “Similarly, Subhuti, a bodhisattva, a great being, leads countless, innumerable beings to nirvana. And yet there is no being who is led to nirvana, nor is anybody led to nirvana by anyone. After hearing the idea set out in this explanation, a bodhisattva, a great being, is then neither frightened, nor terrified, nor overcome with trembling. To that extent, Subhuti, a bodhisattva, a great being, can be known as armed with great armour.” [20-21]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

How Should a Bodhisattva Behave?

Venerable Subhuti asked the Lord Buddha, “How, Lord Buddha, should a bodhisattva, a great being, who wants to go forth to supreme, truly perfect enlightenment, behave? How should he be instructed?”

The Lord Buddha replied, “Subhuti, a bodhisattva, a great being, who wants to go forth to supreme, truly perfect enlightenment, should behave equally to all sentient beings. He should produce thoughts that are fair to all sentient beings. He should handle others with thoughts that are impartial, that are friendly, that are favourable, that are helpful. He should handle others with thoughts that are non-confrontational, that avoid harm, that avoid hurt, that avoid distress. He should handle others, all sentient beings, using the understanding of a mother, using the understanding of a father, the understanding of a son, and the understanding of a daughter. So, Subhuti, a bodhisattva, a great being, who wants to be completely enlightened in supreme, truly perfect enlightenment should stand alongside all sentient beings. For so he should be trained to be the refuge of all sentient beings. In his own behaviour he should renounce all evil. He should give gifts, he should guard morality, he should exercise patience, he should exert vigour, he should enter into contemplation, and he should master this wisdom! He should consider dependent origination backwards and forwards and he should instigate, encourage and empower that in others.” [321-322]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

The Simile of Leaving the Forest

“Lord Buddha, a man might come out of a forested wilderness one hundred, two hundred, three hundred, four hundred, five hundred, or even a thousand miles wide, and he might detect certain clues that indicate in advance signs of a village, a town or a settlement. Clues such as a cowherd, a herdsman, a landmark, a nicely turned out garden, a well-managed wood, or other signs; clues seen that afterwards would turn out to be correct. He would think, ‘Detecting these clues, I must be near a village, a town or a settlement.’ He relaxes; not worrying about thieves any more. Similarly, Lord Buddha, it should be understood that a bodhisattva, a great being, approaching this deep perfection of wisdom, would realise, ‘I am near supreme, truly perfect enlightenment, supreme, truly perfect enlightenment is imminent. ’ Then being at the stage of a disciple or the stage of a pratyekabuddha would not be alarming, would not be terrifying, and would not be feared. Why? Because he sees these advance clues to hold true for him, which is to say, he realises the depth of the perfection of wisdom, to see, to praise, to honour, and to hear.” [215-216]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

Good Friends

“Subhuti, a bodhisattva, a great being, who has set out with earnest intention and wants to reach supreme, truly perfect enlightenment, should from the very beginning tend, love and honour good friends.”

Subhuti asked, “Lord Buddha, who are these good friends of a bodhisattva… ?” The Lord Buddha replied, “Subhuti, they are the Lord Buddhas, the irreversible bodhisattvas, the great beings who are skilful in the bodhisattva practice, who instruct and advise him in the perfections, and who demonstrate and show the perfection of wisdom. Subhuti, these are meant to be the good friends of a bodhisattva. The perfection of wisdom in particular should be regarded as a good friend of a bodhisattva, a great being.

In fact, all the six perfections are meant to be the good friends of a bodhisattva, a great being. The six perfections are the path and the light, the six perfections are a meteor, an illumination, a shelter, home, a goal, an island, a mother and a father, the six perfections lead to knowledge, to understanding, to supreme, truly perfect enlightenment. Why? Subhuti, the perfection of wisdom, which is to say the six perfections, is taught thoroughly. Subhuti, in past times the Tathagatas, then arhats, became truly perfectly enlightened, liberated in complete enlightenment, in the supreme, truly perfect enlightenment of these Lord Buddhas. All-embracing knowledge, which is to say the six perfections, is made visible.” [396-397]

Source: www.edlis.org

 

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Sources:

  • ‘Kota Gelanggi’, Wikipedia, [website] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kota_Gelanggi (accessed: 1 May 2019)
  • ‘1,000-year-old image of temple may be that of Kota Gelanggi’, The Star,[website]
    https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2005/02/06/1000yearold-image-of-temple-may-be-that-of-kota-gelanggi/ (accessed: 1 May 2019)
  • ‘Mystique Earth, The Lost City of Kota Gelanggi’, [website]
    http://mystiquearth.blogspot.com/2009/06/lost-city-of-kota-gelanggi.html (accessed: 1 May 2019)
  • ‘KOTA GELANGGI – AN ANCIENT HINDU KINGDOM BASED IN JOHOR LOST AND FORGOTTEN’, Google Group, [website] https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/mintamil/cUUP5r1uibE (accessed: 1 May 2019)
  • ‘Lost city claim ‘is not an Indiana Jones tale’, SCMP, [website], https://www.scmp.com/article/488451/lost-city-claim-not-indiana-jones-tale (accessed: 1 May 2019)
  • ‘Another Angkor Wat In Malaysia? Johor’s Kota Gelanggi The Kingdom of Sri Vijaya’,TM Editorial’s, [website], https://tamizharmedia.com/2018/04/06/another-angkor-wat-in-malaysia-johors-kota-gelanggi-the-kingdom-of-sri-vijaya/ (accessed: 1 May 2019)
  • ‘Kota Gelanggi’, [website], http://georgetownstreet.blogspot.com/2010/03/kota-gelanggi.html (accessed: 1 May 2019)
  • ‘Manuscript leads to lost city’, The Star, [website], https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2005/02/03/manuscript-leads-to-lost-city/ (accessed: 1 May 2019)
  • http://www.edlis.org/pow/, [website], (accessed: 1 May 2019)

 

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10 Responses to The Lost City of Kota Gelanggi – In Malaysia

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  1. Moaz Nair on Feb 20, 2024 at 3:25 pm

    Well researched. Thanks.

  2. sarassitham on Dec 3, 2020 at 11:31 pm

    Thanks you for the interesting article sharing. Actually I don’t really enjoy historical topic but I got impressed with this article of Lost City of Kota Gelanggi. I never knew there are hidden secret place in our country earth.

    The lost city of Kota Gelanggi is extremely important ancient archaeological site located in the deep, dense tropical jungle of Johor. It is speculated to be the first capital of the ancient Empire of Srivijaya and is one of the oldest Kingdoms in South East Asia.

    What puzzled me was, this Kota Gelanggi structure are similar to Angkor Wat, but the lost city is much older. Hopefully the search for this lost city continues and the truth should be reveal for the generation to come. Thank you for good history and a mystery discovery.

    https://bit.ly/2VAZ0W8

  3. Ummamageswari on Jun 11, 2019 at 1:26 pm

    Thank you so much for this article. By reading this article, i just knew that The Lost City of Kota Gelanggi is the first capital of the ancient Empire of Srivijaya and is one of the oldest Kingdoms in South East Asia’s Malay Peninsula.

    The information about the Srivijaya’s Empire is mostly found in the form of stone inscriptions written in ancient Malay language. The Srivijaya’s Empire spread Buddhism as they established and spread the religion in the places they conquered. Thank you.

  4. Pastor Albert on May 27, 2019 at 3:47 pm

    Similar to a news I read many years ago from the newspaper, Im not sure is this the one. It mentioned that they found many chinese style cutleries in the forest in Johor, upon checking, the history of these cutliries is even older than the Malays step foot in this land, then after sometime later, I cant find anymore info about that discovery. Im always interested to read about these ancient discovery, because they are what it formed the place we live today.

    Buddhism has entered this land many decades ago, there is a Kuan Yin statue made of stone being displayed in the Malaysian National Museum which stated the statue was found around 1000 years ago.

  5. Bradley Kassian on May 19, 2019 at 7:25 pm

    Thank you Rinpoche and blog team for putting together this article about The Lost City of Kota Gelanggi, in Malaysia. It’s nice to know the historical significance it has played in history, and that there are still mysteries waiting to be discovered in the hidden and untouched areas of the world.

  6. Tsa Tsa Ong on May 15, 2019 at 12:47 pm

    This really an amazing discovery of The Lost City of Kota Gelanggi – In Malaysia. I wonder why it wasn’t in the local newspapers? Thank you very much Rinpoche and blog team for sharing this wonderful findings.???

  7. Sarah on May 5, 2019 at 5:47 pm

    It would be good if the site of the lost city of Kota Gelanggi could be excavated in order to find out more about the ancient Srivijaya empire and how Buddhism was introduced and practised in that region.

    In a book by Dr E. Zurcher titled “Buddhism,” published in 1962, there is a short account of the spread of Buddhism in Indonesia and the Malay Peninsula:
    “In the first centuries of our era Buddhism began to penetrate the autochthonus cultures of Malaya and Indonesia; Buddhism is attested in the Malay Peninsula about the 4th century AD and Chinese sources speak about the conversion of a Javanese king and his court by the Indian monk Gunavarman in the early 5th century. In the 7th century a flourishing centre of Buddhist studies had developed at Palembang, at that time the seat of the great empire of Srivijaya which included Malaya and in the 8th century also parts of Java. According to the Chinese pilgrim I-Ching, who studied at Palembang for 4 years (685-689), the Buddhism was mainly ‘Hinayanistic’; in fact there was both Brahmanism and Buddhism, and, somewhat later, Tantrism which was introduced from the Buddhist ‘universities’ of the Pala kingdom. The period of the Sailendra rulers in Central Java, whose territory included Java, Sumatra and Malaya, forms the golden age of Buddhism in Indonesia. Buddhism was patronised by the court; to this period belongs the gigantic stupa called Borobudur (8th century), a huge symbolic monument which, by its structure and ornamentation, suggests the various stages of the path towards Enlightenment. In the later periods Brahmanism predominated, along with a debased Tantrism mixed with Sivaism. Buddhist art flourished for the last time on Java under the rulers of Singhasari (1222-1292). Buddhism persisted on Sumatra till the 14th century, and on Java till the 15th century. Then the infiltration of Islam (from the 13th century onward) practically put an end to Hinduism and Buddhism in the Archipelago and in Malaya. In these countries the creed is nowadays mainly represented by a popular and diluted Mahayana Buddhism among the Chinese part of the population.”

  8. Samfoonheei on May 5, 2019 at 11:37 am

    Interesting with the discovery of lost city Kota Gelanggi. The presence of a lost city in the jungles at the southern end of the Malay peninsula is interesting. It had been long indicated in Malayan fork lore for over centuries. The search for Kota Gelanggi had been an on going endeavour for many scholars and researchers since the days of the British Empire. Kota Gelanggi is an archaeological site been the first capital of the ancient Empire of Srivijaya. Wow ….it seem was one of the oldest Kingdoms on South East Asia’s Malay Peninsula. Many researchers and archaeologist had been conducting aerial searches of the area before locating the site. The Lost city of Kota Gelanggi was detected by satellite maps which confirms the existence of these structures and visible on site. There are many theories behind this discovery yet till now it is not proved. Some said there is lack of funds to continue the search and some says there is a hidden agenda. It does not really matter, what ever it is great to know of earliest civilisation in Malay Peninsula and its related to Hindu and Buddhist world. The lost city could possibly be the unidentified temple shown in a thousand-year-old illustration from Nepal. The lost city was also a centre of sacred learning, where Hinduism and Buddhist statues and figurines may exist. Researching of this lost city is called off and the area surrounding is a forest reserve. Hopefully the search for this lost city continues and the truth should be reveal for the generation to come. Interesting read , great knowledge and a good research work done.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

  9. Choong on May 4, 2019 at 4:55 pm

    The sixteen volumes of the Prajnaparamitama written upon lapis lazuli paper with ink of gold from the Jumbu River brought from the Naga Realm by Nagarjuna is to be found in the Thang Baidhari of Kathmandu (Thamel Bahal).

    The first 3 pages of this text is reportedly written by Manjushri using his finger.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0N9DR5CqCX4&feature=youtu.be

    Bhagwan Bahal Prajnaparamita

  10. Choong on May 4, 2019 at 4:48 pm

    Thank you for this most informative article.

    According to Edward Conze, the Prajñāpāramitā Sutras are “a collection of about forty texts … composed somewhere around Indian subcontinent between approximately 100 BC and AD 600.” Some Prajnāpāramitā sūtras are thought to be among the earliest Mahāyāna sūtras.

    The (Prajanaparamita) teachings and teachers made its way to South East Asia very early via the Cholas from India. Hence, esoteric Buddhist deities (representing what is today called Vajrayana) were favored in current Java, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Southern Thailand and Indo-China.

    The cult of Prajnaparamita was stimulated by the circulation of manuscript editions of the scripture personified by this goddess, the Ashtasahasrika Prajnaparamita.

    The first image is a famous depiction of Ashtasahasrika Prajnaparamita discovered in Java and which currently resides in the National Museum of Indonesia.

    The second image of Ashtasahasrika Prajnaparamita relates to a number of bronze icons of Bodhisattvas from the Palembang region of Sumatra.

    640px-Prajnaparamita_Java_Side_Detail

    main-image

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Blog Chat

BLOG CHAT

Dear blog friends,

I’ve created this section for all of you to share your opinions, thoughts and feelings about whatever interests you.

Everyone has a different perspective, so this section is for you.

Tsem Rinpoche


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For more information, please read here (english), here (chinese), or the official site: retreat.kechara.com.

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  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Jul 16. 2024 11:02 AM
    That’s wonderful now we have H E Tsem Rinpoche’s short biography in Mongolian. More and more readers got to know of our Guru and Dorje Shugden. May Rinpoche’s teaching spread and reach out to those Monglians.
    Thank you Rinpoche and writers team for this wonderful sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/tsem-rinpoches-short-biography-mongolian.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Jul 16. 2024 10:55 AM
    H E Zava Damdin Rinpoche, is an erudite Mongolian Buddhist master within the Gelug tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. Zava Damdin Rinpoche was recognised as the reincarnation of one of the greatest Buddhist masters, yogis, healers, scholars and mahasiddhas in Mongolia. Zava Damdin Rinpoche is famed for his absolute guru devotion. In spite of the unlawful ban on the Dharma Protector Dorje Shugden Zava Damdin Rinpoche remain devoted to the practice and has continued to see enormous growth around the world. Especially in Mongolia which has long held a strong historical and religious connection with Tibetan Buddhism. Back in 2016 H E Zava Damdin Rinpoche conferred Yamantaka initiation and Dorje Shugden sogtae . More than 10,000 ordained monks and lay people attended the initiation in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Looking at those pictures in this blog says all, all monks and lay people were so blessed indeed. It has proven that the practice of Dorje Shugden is very popular . They were more blessed and fortunate as after the initiation, they were given a ‘heart’ crystal and a chakra which were consecrated during the sogtae ceremony. They are given as a blessing and reminder of the initiate’s commitments to Dorje Shugden, and also as a symbol of Dorje Shugden’s promise to protect them.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this wonderful sharing .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/dorje-shugden/10000-mongolians-receive-dorje-shugden.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Jul 16. 2024 10:51 AM
    .Great research by Dr Matthew William King on Dorje Shugden . It paints a thousand words of truth where more and more people understand better of Dorje Shugden. The practice of Dorje Shugden is often associated with Lamas in the Himalayan region in Tibet.
    No doubt due the efforts of Lamas in Tibet and Lamas in Bhutan the practice was promoted. Together, these enlightened masters proliferated the practice, authoring and composing texts and prayers to invoke the blessings and protection of the Dharma Protector Dorje Shugden. In Mongolia, the practice’s popularity was due to Mongolia’s own lamas independently promoting and encouraging it. Mongolian lamas preserve the tradition of Dorje Shugden through active propitiation since then. The powerful Mongolian nation has indeed a long history and connection with Dorje Shugden the Powerful Protector. As expressed in the life of Venerable Choijin Lama, a State Oracle of Mongolia who took trance of Dorje Shugden among other Dharma Protectors. Interesting read of how Mongolia saved Dorje Shugden .
    Thank you Rinpoche .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/how-mongolia-saved-dorje-shugden.html

  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Jul 16. 2024 10:49 AM
    Precious thangkas of Lama Tsongkhapa’s Life Story one must not missed. As its very rare old thangkas tells us the life story of Lama Tsongkhapa. Lama Tsongkhapa was an influential Tibetan Buddhist monk, philosopher and tantric yogi. Lama Tsongkhapa was hailed as the second Buddha by contemporary Buddhist masters of his time. Famous for reviving Buddhism in Tibet and revered for elevating the Dharma to all its present glory. . Through deep study, profound practice and high attainments, Lama Tsongkhapa led a revival of pure Buddhist teachings and distilling the best teachings. His teachings became the basis for the establishment of the Gelug monastery, a monastic institution which survives to this day.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing such insightful life stories of a great Master with beautiful thangkas pictures .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/15-thangkas-of-lama-tsongkhapas-life-story.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Jul 16. 2024 10:46 AM
    The Iceman mummy, Otzi, was discovered amidst sheets of melting ice on the border between Italy and Austria, at an altitude of 3,200 m above sea level. The 5300-year-old world’s oldest wet mummy Iceman so special as is invaluable for archaeology and as well as for medical science, genetics, biology, anthropology, and many other disciplines. The nature of his life and the circumstances of his death are the subject of much investigation. That’s interesting discovery, the clothes he wore and equipment he carried are unique.The alleged curse revolved around the deaths of several people involved with the discovery, recovery and subsequent analysis of Otzi’s body. The legend continues and these days, Otzi the Iceman rests in a refrigerated room at the South Tyrol Archaeological Museum in Bolzano, Italy. Each year thousands of visitors visited his mummified remains contained in a special cold cell at the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano, Italy.
    Interesting read
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/paranormal/creatures-and-monsters/the-curse-of-otzi-the-iceman.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, Jul 12. 2024 01:10 PM
    A sacred pilgrimage site for 22 centuries, this Dambulla cave is the largest and best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. Also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla is a World Heritage Site in 1991. King Valagamba of Anuradhapura in the first century built a temple in thankful worship. Located in central Sri Lanka, the Dambulla Cave Temple is a living Buddhist site that is focused on a series of five cave shrines.The place is worth a visit though, just for the stunning sculptures and paintings in this historical paradise. The site is remarkable in the Buddhist world with the continuous tradition of living Buddhist ritual practices and pilgrimage for more than two millennia. That’s interesting.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/external-article/dambulla-cave-temple
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, Jul 12. 2024 01:09 PM
    Zasep Tulku Rinpoche is the 13th incarnation of the famous Kagyupa teacher, Lama Konchog Tenzin of Zuru Monastery. His teachings, delivered in excellent English are easily understood and fully engaging. Zasep Tulku Rinpoche is a highly realized internationally respected teacher of Gelugpa Buddhism, been exile from Tibet and had travels as teacher to many countries around the world. Zasep Rinpoche received extensive teachings and initiations from many erudite great masters. Today, Zasep Rinpoche is the spiritual leader of Gaden for the West, an international organisation of Dharma centres in Australia, Canada and the United States, successfully spreading the Gelug teachings of Lama Tsongkhapa to many, many people who are karmically connected to him. A Tulku’s Journey From Tibet To Canada a book published Rinpoche autobiography, beautifully reflects his devotion to his teachers and the practices. Zasep Rinpoche points out, the practice of Dorje Shugden officially started in the Sakya school before it was embraced by the Gelugpas. Interestingly, this book also mentioned the great deeds of Dorje Shugden and how much this Dharma Protector has helped the Tibetan people as well and Tibetan Buddhism too.Zasep Rinpoche have touched the hearts of everyone he has encountered. Interesting read one must not missed as it is a true story of an incredible Tibetan Buddhist scholar and lama’s journey.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing of a great Master

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/zasep-rinpoche-speaks-plainly-about-dorje-shugden.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, Jul 12. 2024 01:07 PM
    As prophesies by Shakyamuni Buddha, Lama Tsongkhapa is an emanation of the Bodhisattva of wisdom, Manjushri. Lama Tsongkhapa was an influential Tibetan Buddhist monk, philosopher and tantric yogi, and saint who lived in Tibet. His practice will instill deep wisdom and confers great blessing upon us. His pure teachings and activities led to the formation of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism. With the establishment of the Gelug monastery which survives to this day. Lama Tsongkhapa, considered one of the greatest Buddhist masters and philosophers of all time. There many benefits that arise from Lama Tsongkhapa’s practice. Merely by reciting Lama Tsongkhapa’s mantra known as Migtsema mantra. is indeed very beneficial for everyone of us. We are so fortunate to learn and practices from our Guru.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing of a great Master.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/lord-tsongkapa-king-of-the-dharma.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, Jul 12. 2024 01:06 PM
    Dorje Shugden was enthroned as a protector of the Sakya tradition centuries ago and only later widely practised in Gelugpa tradition. All these was stated by H.H Trijang Rinpoche in his work “Music Delighting the Ocean of Protectors. The throne holder of Sakya school of Buddhism, Sonam Rinchen enthroned Dorje Shugden as one of the protectors of Sakya. The practice of this Dharma Protector was later passed to his son the 31st Sakya Trizin Kunga Lodro who was believed to be the emanation of Dorje Shugden himself. Interesting facts. He even composed a Dorje Shugden prayer or Kangsol to invoke the blessings of Dorje Shugden. The prayer has since been well known and it is used to this day. The 39th Sakya throneholder Sakya Trizin Dragshul Trinley Rinchen who also practised Dorje Shugden and praised Dorje Shugden as an emanation of Avalokiteshvara. Not only one but three Sakya Trizins who relied on Dorje Shugden and they referred to him as an enlightened being.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this interesting sharing so as more and more practitioners know the truth and only truth that Dorje Shugden is an enlightened being

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/sakya-trizins-dorje-shugden-prayer.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, Jul 12. 2024 01:04 PM
    A good reminder for all students reading what Venerable Acharya Kyabje Zasep Tulku Rinpoche wrote in his guidelines for students. We as students can make progress on our spiritual path and gain Dharma realizations all depends ourselves where else A dharma teacher who is our spiritual guide can show us how to meditate correctly and make progress on our spiritual path.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this great sharing

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/guidelines-for-students.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Jul 1. 2024 03:28 PM
    Buddhism one of the oldest religions in the world has been around for over 2,600 years. Many people all over the world from all walks of life have embraced Buddhism. Buddhism is one of the fastest growing religions in the west and have spreading further , all thanks to those highly lamas such as Gaden Tripas, Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, Lama Yeshe, Geshe Wangyal, Kensur Lobsang Tharchin, Geshe Rabten, and so forth. Many people more people are becoming more aware of Buddhism and finding it a suitable way of life and religion. With the great spread of Buddhism, many people had benefitted with the practice as it emphasized individuals’ path to enlightenment and salvation, which could be attained in this life.
    As in this blog, we see many famous Buddhist celebrities from the west such as Keanu Reeves, former American president Bill Clinton , Richard Gere, Steve Jobs and many more celebrities had been connected to Buddhism.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this interesting sharing, how Buddhism had changed their life

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/celebrity-buddhists.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Jul 1. 2024 03:26 PM
    The Legend of the Mermaid is well known and told with different forms and endings in all the oral tradition of peoples linked to the sea. It was rumored that the mermaid has a magical treasure. In folklore, a mermaid is an aquatic creature with the head and upper body of a female human and the tail of a fish. Mermaids appear in the folklore of many cultures worldwide. Interesting read mermaids were natural beings who, like fairies, who had magical and prophetic powers. We usually see it as in movie whether it do really exists no one have really seen it nowadays. While there is no evidence that mermaids exist outside folklore, reports of mermaid sightings continue to the present day. Mermaids have been a popular subject of art and literature in recent centuries. They depicted in operas, paintings, books and live-action films.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/paranormal/creatures-and-monsters/the-legend-of-the-mermaids.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Jul 1. 2024 03:23 PM
    Wow that’s wonderful a very special gift for our Guru Tsem Rinpoche. A Dorje Shugden shop full of beautiful items which were connected to Dorje Shugden as such as posters, statues, pendants, tsa tsas, books, key chains, thangkas and so forth. Located in the most famous night market in the heart city of Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. There’s where tourists and local will go over there. Many of them will be blessed merely b looking at it or passing by the shop. Posters will be given to anyone who stop by , its such a wonderful way to share and get people to know of this great Dharma Protector.
    Thank you Rinpoche and those who made it possible benefiting many more people to come.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/exciting-dorje-shugden-store-in-petaling-street-malaysia.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Jul 1. 2024 03:22 PM
    Trance is a state of semi-consciousness in which a person is not self-aware. The person is in a deep state of distraction by some inner turmoil or some outer mental influence. Taking trance is nothing new and not just in the east. Listening the video tells us more about trance. Interesting to know, but we should not get involve in trances as advice. Its better get involve in Dharma practice and have our mind transform.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/taking-trances.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, Jun 28. 2024 03:33 PM

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The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
So go pursue all the way with the unknown,
because all unknown with familiarity becomes the known.
~Tsem Rinpoche

Photos On The Go

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According to legend, Shambhala is a place where wisdom and love reign, and there is no crime. Doesn\'t this sound like the kind of place all of us would love to live in? https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=204874
4 years ago
According to legend, Shambhala is a place where wisdom and love reign, and there is no crime. Doesn't this sound like the kind of place all of us would love to live in? https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=204874
108 candles and sang (incense) offered at our Wish-Fulfilling Grotto, invoking Dorje Shugden\'s blessings for friends, sponsors and supporters, wonderful!
4 years ago
108 candles and sang (incense) offered at our Wish-Fulfilling Grotto, invoking Dorje Shugden's blessings for friends, sponsors and supporters, wonderful!
Dharmapalas are not exclusive to Tibetan culture and their practice is widespread throughout the Buddhist world - https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=193645
4 years ago
Dharmapalas are not exclusive to Tibetan culture and their practice is widespread throughout the Buddhist world - https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=193645
One of our adorable Kechara Forest Retreat\'s doggies, Tara, happy and safe, and enjoying herself in front of Wisdom Hall which has been decorated for Chinese New Year
4 years ago
One of our adorable Kechara Forest Retreat's doggies, Tara, happy and safe, and enjoying herself in front of Wisdom Hall which has been decorated for Chinese New Year
Fragrant organic Thai basil harvested from our very own Kechara Forest Retreat farm!
4 years ago
Fragrant organic Thai basil harvested from our very own Kechara Forest Retreat farm!
On behalf of our Puja House team, Pastor Tat Ming receives food and drinks from Rinpoche. Rinpoche wanted to make sure the hardworking Puja House team are always taken care of.
5 years ago
On behalf of our Puja House team, Pastor Tat Ming receives food and drinks from Rinpoche. Rinpoche wanted to make sure the hardworking Puja House team are always taken care of.
By the time I heard about Luang Phor Thong, he was already very old, in his late 80s. When I heard about him, I immediately wanted to go and pay my respects to him. - http://bit.ly/LuangPhorThong
5 years ago
By the time I heard about Luang Phor Thong, he was already very old, in his late 80s. When I heard about him, I immediately wanted to go and pay my respects to him. - http://bit.ly/LuangPhorThong
It\'s very nice to see volunteers helping maintain holy sites in Kechara Forest Retreat, it\'s very good for them. Cleaning Buddha statues is a very powerful and effective way of purifying body karma.
5 years ago
It's very nice to see volunteers helping maintain holy sites in Kechara Forest Retreat, it's very good for them. Cleaning Buddha statues is a very powerful and effective way of purifying body karma.
Kechara Forest Retreat is preparing for the upcoming Chinese New Year celebrations. This is our holy Vajra Yogini stupa which is now surrounded by beautiful lanterns organised by our students.
5 years ago
Kechara Forest Retreat is preparing for the upcoming Chinese New Year celebrations. This is our holy Vajra Yogini stupa which is now surrounded by beautiful lanterns organised by our students.
One of the most recent harvests from our Kechara Forest Retreat land. It was grown free of chemicals and pesticides, wonderful!
5 years ago
One of the most recent harvests from our Kechara Forest Retreat land. It was grown free of chemicals and pesticides, wonderful!
Third picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
5 years ago
Third picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
5 years ago
Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
First picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
5 years ago
First picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
The first title published by Kechara Comics is Karuna Finds A Way. It tells the tale of high-school sweethearts Karuna and Adam who had what some would call the dream life. Everything was going great for them until one day when reality came knocking on their door. Caught in a surprise swindle, this loving family who never harmed anyone found themselves out of luck and down on their fortune. Determined to save her family, Karuna goes all out to find a solution. See what she does- https://bit.ly/2LSKuWo
5 years ago
The first title published by Kechara Comics is Karuna Finds A Way. It tells the tale of high-school sweethearts Karuna and Adam who had what some would call the dream life. Everything was going great for them until one day when reality came knocking on their door. Caught in a surprise swindle, this loving family who never harmed anyone found themselves out of luck and down on their fortune. Determined to save her family, Karuna goes all out to find a solution. See what she does- https://bit.ly/2LSKuWo
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
5 years ago
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
5 years ago
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
5 years ago
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
5 years ago
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat\'s land here in Malaysia
5 years ago
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat's land here in Malaysia
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
5 years ago
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
5 years ago
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
5 years ago
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
5 years ago
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
Sacred Vajra Yogini
5 years ago
Sacred Vajra Yogini
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
5 years ago
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
5 years ago
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha\'s mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
5 years ago
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha's mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha\'s. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
5 years ago
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha's. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
5 years ago
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
5 years ago
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
This is pretty amazing!

First Sri Lankan Buddhist temple opened in Dubai!!!
5 years ago
This is pretty amazing! First Sri Lankan Buddhist temple opened in Dubai!!!
My Dharma boy (left) and Oser girl loves to laze around on the veranda in the mornings. They enjoy all the trees, grass and relaxing under the hot sun. Sunbathing is a favorite daily activity. I care about these two doggies of mine very much and I enjoy seeing them happy. They are with me always. Tsem Rinpoche

Always be kind to animals and eat vegetarian- https://bit.ly/2Psp8h2
5 years ago
My Dharma boy (left) and Oser girl loves to laze around on the veranda in the mornings. They enjoy all the trees, grass and relaxing under the hot sun. Sunbathing is a favorite daily activity. I care about these two doggies of mine very much and I enjoy seeing them happy. They are with me always. Tsem Rinpoche Always be kind to animals and eat vegetarian- https://bit.ly/2Psp8h2
After you left me Mumu, I was alone. I have no family or kin. You were my family. I can\'t stop thinking of you and I can\'t forget you. My bond and connection with you is so strong. I wish you were by my side. Tsem Rinpoche
5 years ago
After you left me Mumu, I was alone. I have no family or kin. You were my family. I can't stop thinking of you and I can't forget you. My bond and connection with you is so strong. I wish you were by my side. Tsem Rinpoche
This story is a life-changer. Learn about the incredible Forest Man of India | 印度“森林之子”- https://bit.ly/2Eh4vRS
5 years ago
This story is a life-changer. Learn about the incredible Forest Man of India | 印度“森林之子”- https://bit.ly/2Eh4vRS
Part 2-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
5 years ago
Part 2-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
Part 1-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
5 years ago
Part 1-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
The great Protector Manjushri Dorje Shugden depicted in the beautiful Mongolian style. To download a high resolution file: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
5 years ago
The great Protector Manjushri Dorje Shugden depicted in the beautiful Mongolian style. To download a high resolution file: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
The Mystical land of Shambhala is finally ready for everyone to feast their eyes and be blessed. A beautiful post with information, art work, history, spirituality and a beautiful book composed by His Holiness the 6th Panchen Rinpoche. ~ https://bit.ly/309MHBi
5 years ago
The Mystical land of Shambhala is finally ready for everyone to feast their eyes and be blessed. A beautiful post with information, art work, history, spirituality and a beautiful book composed by His Holiness the 6th Panchen Rinpoche. ~ https://bit.ly/309MHBi
Beautiful pictures of the huge Buddha in Longkou Nanshan- https://bit.ly/2LsBxVb
5 years ago
Beautiful pictures of the huge Buddha in Longkou Nanshan- https://bit.ly/2LsBxVb
The reason-Very interesting thought- https://bit.ly/2V7VT5r
5 years ago
The reason-Very interesting thought- https://bit.ly/2V7VT5r
NEW Bigfoot cafe in Malaysia! Food is delicious!- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
5 years ago
NEW Bigfoot cafe in Malaysia! Food is delicious!- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
DON\'T MISS THIS!~How brave Bonnie survived by living with a herd of deer~ https://bit.ly/2Lre2eY
5 years ago
DON'T MISS THIS!~How brave Bonnie survived by living with a herd of deer~ https://bit.ly/2Lre2eY
Global Superpower China Will Cut Meat Consumption by 50%! Very interesting, find out more- https://bit.ly/2V1sJFh
5 years ago
Global Superpower China Will Cut Meat Consumption by 50%! Very interesting, find out more- https://bit.ly/2V1sJFh
You can download this beautiful Egyptian style Dorje Shugden Free- https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
5 years ago
You can download this beautiful Egyptian style Dorje Shugden Free- https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
Beautiful high file for print of Lord Manjushri. May you be blessed- https://bit.ly/2V8mwZe
5 years ago
Beautiful high file for print of Lord Manjushri. May you be blessed- https://bit.ly/2V8mwZe
Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
5 years ago
Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
5 years ago
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
5 years ago
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
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CHAT PICTURES

Beautiful offerings arranged by Choong. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
5 days ago
Beautiful offerings arranged by Choong. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
7/7/2024 Kechara Penang weekly puja completed. Kechara Penang Study Girup by Jacinta.
5 days ago
7/7/2024 Kechara Penang weekly puja completed. Kechara Penang Study Girup by Jacinta.
This week's puja offerings sponsored by a few people and we hope their wishes be fulfilled. Pic taken by Choong and uploaded by Jacinta.
3 weeks ago
This week's puja offerings sponsored by a few people and we hope their wishes be fulfilled. Pic taken by Choong and uploaded by Jacinta.
29th June 2024. Kechara Penang Study Group completed weekly Dorje Shugden cum Manjushri Namasangiti. Pic taken by Choong and uploaded by Jacinta
3 weeks ago
29th June 2024. Kechara Penang Study Group completed weekly Dorje Shugden cum Manjushri Namasangiti. Pic taken by Choong and uploaded by Jacinta
Need a dose of spiritual nourishment or perhaps any spiritual protection? Do take up our Kechara Penang food/candles offering packages. Do not hesitate to contact our member Choong for more info. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
4 weeks ago
Need a dose of spiritual nourishment or perhaps any spiritual protection? Do take up our Kechara Penang food/candles offering packages. Do not hesitate to contact our member Choong for more info. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Different food offerings offered on Penang Kechara Chapel's altar behalf of the sponsors. May sponsors' wishes be fulfilled. Great effort from Choong Soon Heng, one of our Kechara Penang dedicated members who thought of this way for people to generate merits while clearing obstacles. Uploaded by Jacinta.
4 weeks ago
Different food offerings offered on Penang Kechara Chapel's altar behalf of the sponsors. May sponsors' wishes be fulfilled. Great effort from Choong Soon Heng, one of our Kechara Penang dedicated members who thought of this way for people to generate merits while clearing obstacles. Uploaded by Jacinta.
These are some of the offerings offered on behalf of our sponsors. We have different offerings packages which one can choose from or just simply sponsor our weekly puja in dedication to our loved ones. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
4 weeks ago
These are some of the offerings offered on behalf of our sponsors. We have different offerings packages which one can choose from or just simply sponsor our weekly puja in dedication to our loved ones. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
We hope you enjoyed our pictures, as much as we enjoyed our Wesak Day together in Penang. Let us carry the energy and enthusiasm we experienced so far and inspires many more. Happy Wesak Day! 22/5/2024 KPSG by Jacinta
2 months ago
We hope you enjoyed our pictures, as much as we enjoyed our Wesak Day together in Penang. Let us carry the energy and enthusiasm we experienced so far and inspires many more. Happy Wesak Day! 22/5/2024 KPSG by Jacinta
Puja offering packages. Thanks to those who sponsored the puja. May all your wishes be fulfilled. KPSG by Jacinta
2 months ago
Puja offering packages. Thanks to those who sponsored the puja. May all your wishes be fulfilled. KPSG by Jacinta
Colourful altar with plenty of offerings. We had DS puja with Praise to Buddha Shakyamuni as we celebrate this special day of Buddha's Birth, Enlightenment and Parinirvana. KPSG by Jacinta
2 months ago
Colourful altar with plenty of offerings. We had DS puja with Praise to Buddha Shakyamuni as we celebrate this special day of Buddha's Birth, Enlightenment and Parinirvana. KPSG by Jacinta
Some of the activities done during the Wesak Day Celebration in Penang. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
2 months ago
Some of the activities done during the Wesak Day Celebration in Penang. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Wesak Day Celebration in Penang!Buddha's Bathing Ritual. 22/5/2024 Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
2 months ago
Wesak Day Celebration in Penang!Buddha's Bathing Ritual. 22/5/2024 Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
11/5/2024 Saturday @3pm. After puja, all members helped out clearing the offerings and we shared out the blessed food offerings with our families, friends and even animals. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
2 months ago
11/5/2024 Saturday @3pm. After puja, all members helped out clearing the offerings and we shared out the blessed food offerings with our families, friends and even animals. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
11/5/2024 Saturday @3pm. Activities during puja. Members chanting Dorje Shugden mantras. We've completed Dorje Shugden puja cum Namasangiti. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
2 months ago
11/5/2024 Saturday @3pm. Activities during puja. Members chanting Dorje Shugden mantras. We've completed Dorje Shugden puja cum Namasangiti. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
11/5/2024, Saturday @3pm. Activities : Offerings of khata to Rinpoche, garland of flowers to Dorje Shugden and a new Tibetan butterlamp being offered on the altar. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
2 months ago
11/5/2024, Saturday @3pm. Activities : Offerings of khata to Rinpoche, garland of flowers to Dorje Shugden and a new Tibetan butterlamp being offered on the altar. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
Today we have an inaugural cancer free diet talk and info sharing by Mr. Ooi. Mr. Ooi is a Penangite and like any other man, he has a family to provide for. From colon cancer stage 4,he is now known as a cancer-free man. Learn more about his story and his acquaintance with Dorje Shugden here https://youtu.be/x7i-yXJBUwM?si=A-5O0udxjg52iS58
2 months ago
Today we have an inaugural cancer free diet talk and info sharing by Mr. Ooi. Mr. Ooi is a Penangite and like any other man, he has a family to provide for. From colon cancer stage 4,he is now known as a cancer-free man. Learn more about his story and his acquaintance with Dorje Shugden here https://youtu.be/x7i-yXJBUwM?si=A-5O0udxjg52iS58
Kind-hearted sponsors sponsored these kuih-muih & flowers for today's puja @ 4th May, 2024. Should you wish to contribute these or sponsor our weekly puja, do contact us for more details. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
2 months ago
Kind-hearted sponsors sponsored these kuih-muih & flowers for today's puja @ 4th May, 2024. Should you wish to contribute these or sponsor our weekly puja, do contact us for more details. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Pastor Seng Piow guides us on the flow of Dorje Shugden puja, its benefits, significant of Chanting the names of Manjushri and also explaining the dedication for the sponsors and to those in need before we start the puja as we have 2 newcomers today.
3 months ago
Pastor Seng Piow guides us on the flow of Dorje Shugden puja, its benefits, significant of Chanting the names of Manjushri and also explaining the dedication for the sponsors and to those in need before we start the puja as we have 2 newcomers today.
Two Pastors in da house! Double the merits, double the happiness. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
3 months ago
Two Pastors in da house! Double the merits, double the happiness. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
Mr. Cheah Fook Wan offered lights and incense to The Three Jewels prior to the puja in Ipoh. (KISG - Kin Hoe)
3 months ago
Mr. Cheah Fook Wan offered lights and incense to The Three Jewels prior to the puja in Ipoh. (KISG - Kin Hoe)
Kechara Ipoh Study Group has carried out Mother Tara prayer recitations on Sunday afternoon in Ipoh. (KISG- Kin Hoe)
3 months ago
Kechara Ipoh Study Group has carried out Mother Tara prayer recitations on Sunday afternoon in Ipoh. (KISG- Kin Hoe)
Powerful Dorje Shugden puja @ Jalan Seang Tek, Penang. Every Saturday, 3 pm. Remove obstacles and grant blessings to fulfil wishes. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta. 6th April 2024
3 months ago
Powerful Dorje Shugden puja @ Jalan Seang Tek, Penang. Every Saturday, 3 pm. Remove obstacles and grant blessings to fulfil wishes. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta. 6th April 2024
Rejoice to the volunteers (also kind sponsors) who cleaned the Gyenze Chapel and made abundant offerings to Gyenze. ~ Alice
4 months ago
Rejoice to the volunteers (also kind sponsors) who cleaned the Gyenze Chapel and made abundant offerings to Gyenze. ~ Alice
Offered beautiful flowers abundantly to Gyenze. ~ Alice
4 months ago
Offered beautiful flowers abundantly to Gyenze. ~ Alice
Offered beautiful flowers abundantly to Gyenze. ~ Alice
4 months ago
Offered beautiful flowers abundantly to Gyenze. ~ Alice
Our weekly Dorje Shugden Puja @ 23/3/2024 . William, as the umze is seen here burning incense powder as we are about to recite the Sangsol Prayer to Dorje Shugden composed by Ganden Serkong. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
4 months ago
Our weekly Dorje Shugden Puja @ 23/3/2024 . William, as the umze is seen here burning incense powder as we are about to recite the Sangsol Prayer to Dorje Shugden composed by Ganden Serkong. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
And here's Mr Wong of KSK Ipoh who dropped by to pray and offered some donation to the Chapel. Kechara Penang Study Group. Pic by Siew Hong & uploaded by Jacinta.
4 months ago
And here's Mr Wong of KSK Ipoh who dropped by to pray and offered some donation to the Chapel. Kechara Penang Study Group. Pic by Siew Hong & uploaded by Jacinta.
Today's puja (16/3/2024) ended around 420pm, Jacinta was the umze of the day. Pic by Siew Hong. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
4 months ago
Today's puja (16/3/2024) ended around 420pm, Jacinta was the umze of the day. Pic by Siew Hong. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Group photo taken after the last session, sealed with King of Prayers. Come and join us next time! Sayonara - 9-10th March 2024 - Kechara Penang DS Retreat by Jacinta.
4 months ago
Group photo taken after the last session, sealed with King of Prayers. Come and join us next time! Sayonara - 9-10th March 2024 - Kechara Penang DS Retreat by Jacinta.
Abundance altar! Fruits, flowers, Mee Koo (traditional Penang buns), Bee Hoon, sourdoughs and snacks are some of the offerings to Rinpoche, Buddhas & Bodhisattvas. Kechara Penang Dorje Shugden Retreat 9-10th March, 2024 by Jacinta.
4 months ago
Abundance altar! Fruits, flowers, Mee Koo (traditional Penang buns), Bee Hoon, sourdoughs and snacks are some of the offerings to Rinpoche, Buddhas & Bodhisattvas. Kechara Penang Dorje Shugden Retreat 9-10th March, 2024 by Jacinta.
Siew Hong, one of retreatants and an active member of Kechara Penang group proudly presented her torma to be used during the Kalarupa puja. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
4 months ago
Siew Hong, one of retreatants and an active member of Kechara Penang group proudly presented her torma to be used during the Kalarupa puja. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
Torma making was taught by Pastor Seng Piow and held one day before the retreat. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
4 months ago
Torma making was taught by Pastor Seng Piow and held one day before the retreat. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
Penang Dorje Shugden Retreat cum Puja, 9-10th March 2024 led by Pastor Seng Piow with 12 retreatants. Uploaded by Jacinta
4 months ago
Penang Dorje Shugden Retreat cum Puja, 9-10th March 2024 led by Pastor Seng Piow with 12 retreatants. Uploaded by Jacinta
The celebration ended with a Dorje Shugden puja, dedicated to all the sponsors, our loved ones and as well as for the happiness & good health for all sentient beings. May Rinpoche return swiftly too and taking this opportunity wishing all Happy Chinese New Year and Gong Xi Fa Cai from all of us, Kechara Penang Study Group. Uploaded by Jacinta.
5 months ago
The celebration ended with a Dorje Shugden puja, dedicated to all the sponsors, our loved ones and as well as for the happiness & good health for all sentient beings. May Rinpoche return swiftly too and taking this opportunity wishing all Happy Chinese New Year and Gong Xi Fa Cai from all of us, Kechara Penang Study Group. Uploaded by Jacinta.
Seen here, Pastor Seng Piow set off firecrackers - welcoming of the upcoming year with enthusiasm and positive energy. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
5 months ago
Seen here, Pastor Seng Piow set off firecrackers - welcoming of the upcoming year with enthusiasm and positive energy. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
In this pic, Pastor Seng Piow is sharing Dharma with newbies ~ Sharyn's friends. It's always good to make light offerings at the beginning of new year. By making light offerings, you are able to dispel the darkness of ignorance and achieve wisdom. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
5 months ago
In this pic, Pastor Seng Piow is sharing Dharma with newbies ~ Sharyn's friends. It's always good to make light offerings at the beginning of new year. By making light offerings, you are able to dispel the darkness of ignorance and achieve wisdom. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
One the day of Losar (new lunar year), it is always beneficial for Buddhist practitioners to get together in making abundant offerings to Buddhas on the altar to usher in goodness, prosperity and well-being of our loved ones. It's more auspicious this year as Losar and the Chinese New Year begin on the same date, 10th Feb, 2024. Back in Penang, our Kechara members came together to decorate the altar with abundance offerings for Dorje Shugden puja @3pm. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
5 months ago
One the day of Losar (new lunar year), it is always beneficial for Buddhist practitioners to get together in making abundant offerings to Buddhas on the altar to usher in goodness, prosperity and well-being of our loved ones. It's more auspicious this year as Losar and the Chinese New Year begin on the same date, 10th Feb, 2024. Back in Penang, our Kechara members came together to decorate the altar with abundance offerings for Dorje Shugden puja @3pm. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Mr. Dared Lim was offering water bowls on behalf of Kechara Ipoh Study Group. (Kin Hoe)
5 months ago
Mr. Dared Lim was offering water bowls on behalf of Kechara Ipoh Study Group. (Kin Hoe)
Jun from Ipoh was offering mandarin oranges to Mother Tara and The Three Jewels. (Kin Hoe)
5 months ago
Jun from Ipoh was offering mandarin oranges to Mother Tara and The Three Jewels. (Kin Hoe)
Prior to our puja in Ipoh, Mr. & Mrs. Cheah Fook Wan were preparing for the offerings to the Buddhas. (Kin Hoe)
5 months ago
Prior to our puja in Ipoh, Mr. & Mrs. Cheah Fook Wan were preparing for the offerings to the Buddhas. (Kin Hoe)
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Dorje Shugden
Click to watch my talk about Dorje Shugden....