Buddhist Influence on Chinese Religion

By | Jun 29, 2020 | Views: 709
A statue of the Buddha at Yungang Grottoes in in Datong city, Shanxi Province, China. This is just one of 51,000 Buddhist statues carved at the ancient cave site where Buddhist practice once flourished

A statue of the Buddha at Yungang Grottoes in Datong City, Shanxi Province, China. This is just one of 51,000 statues carved at the ancient cave site where Buddhist practice once flourished

 

Introduction

Since the time of the historical Buddha, the Sangha (ordained monastic community) have been sharing the Buddha’s teachings with many people from all walks of life. Over time, the Sangha travelled to many villages and cities, expanding their reach to different states in India, following various trade routes as recounted in many old Buddhist stories. This is how Buddhism spread within India and from India to many other countries.

During the Mauryan Empire (322-187 BCE), Buddhism spread north and north-west from its birthplace, from present day Bihar through the Kingdom of Kuru (present-day Uttar Predesh), up towards Gandhara (present-day north-west Pakistan and north-east Afghanistan) and Kashmir. It also spread south from Bihar to Maharashtra, and south-east to Andhra Pradesh and Sri Lanka.

It was after the era of the Mauryan Empire that Buddhism spread from Kashmir and Gandhara, along the ancient Silk Road through Central Asia and into China. Simultaneously, Buddhism also spread to China via sea through South-East Asia. Although Indian and Chinese cultures could not have been more different, Buddhism was adapted to suit Chinese perspectives. With the gradual spread of Buddhism throughout China in the 3rd Century CE, Indian Buddhist beliefs, literature, language and grammar had a major impact on early Chinese society and culture. These influences are still seen to this day.

A painting from the Ming Dynasty in China (1368-1644) depicting the most important figures of the three religions which helped to shape Chinese culture. Buddha Shakyamuni (left); Lao Tzu (centre); and Confucius (right).

A painting from the Ming Dynasty in China (1368-1644 CE) depicting the most important figures of the three religions which helped to shape Chinese culture. Buddha Shakyamuni (left); Lao Tzu (centre); and Confucius (right).

Today, the main Chinese religions include Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism, and traditional beliefs related to or derived from these religions. According to Liu Mi, a late Song Dynasty Chinese elite,

“Buddhism is for the cultivation of mind, Daoism is for the training of the physical body and Confucianism is for the governance of society.”

This statement reflects the main functions of the three religions during the last 2,000 years in China. Confucianism, as the main belief that historical governance was based upon, was well-supported by both Buddhism and Daoism in China. These three religions did not and do not function as separate institutions within the Chinese context, but have also seen the spread of their individual practice lineages and traditions throughout various communities without discrimination.

Both Buddhism and the other Chinese philosophies encourage tolerance and open mindedness. Despite conflicts in Chinese history, the harmony and integration integral to these religions prevailed and were used to pacify conflict when necessary. Thus, scholars of Chinese religions agree that Buddhism played an important role in the formation and development of the country’s religious beliefs as a whole.

 

Buddhist Influence on Daoism

An example of early Buddhist art in China. Depictions of the Buddha and Buddhist figures took on distinctly Chinese artistic features.

An example of early Buddhist art in China. Depictions of the Buddha and Buddhist figures took on distinctly Chinese artistic features.

Buddhism entered China around the 2nd Century CE, with Buddhist monks and translators from India and Central Asia arriving in large numbers along the Silk Road and by sea. With their shaven heads, begging bowls and monastic robes, the monks had no homes or families, defying the already established Confucian tradition which emphasised producing heirs, having a family, and honouring the ancestors.

Buddhism arrived in China around the same time Christianity entered the Roman Empire from Palestine. Contrary to Christianity in Europe, Buddhism did not wipe out traditional Chinese religious beliefs and morals. In the beginning, Buddhism was simply viewed as another sect of Daoism, as stories circulated that Lao Zi, the founder of the Daoist religion, was reborn in the heavenly Buddhist Western Pure Land and became either the Buddha’s teacher or became a Buddha himself.

Daoism had not yet formed as a cohesive religion when Buddhism was introduced to China during the Han Dynasty. It was then simply a philosophy the Chinese learned and practised. From the 2nd to the 7th Centuries, Daoism developed dramatically. Many Daoist practices, texts and rituals were actually formed by absorbing both Confucianist and Buddhist teachings. During this period, Buddhism gradually took root in China as a large number of Buddhist scriptures from Central Asia and India were translated into Chinese. Daoism absorbed Buddhist ideology, practices, and organisational systems.

 

(1) Daoist Scripture and Schools

The full corpus of Daoist scripture is called the “Sandong”, and includes the following texts:

  1. Dongzhengbu
  2. Shangqing Jing
  3. Dongshengbu and many other ritual texts.

According to the findings of Chinese scholars, the term “Sandong” first appeared during the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420 CE) when Buddhism spread in China. Following the term used for the Buddhist canon “Sanzang” (‘Tripitaka’ in Sanskrit), the Daoists named their collection “Sandong”, referred to today as “Daozang”.

'Three Laughs at Tiger Brook', a litang style painting from the 12th Century Song Dynasty. It shows three men laughing by the river, representative of the harmony between China's three main religions: Confucianism, Buddhism and Daoism.

‘Three Laughs at Tiger Brook’, a litang style painting from the 12th Century Song Dynasty. It shows three men laughing by the river, representative of the harmony between China’s three main religions: Confucianism, Buddhism and Daoism.

The Daoist scholar Qing Xitai and many others also asserted that Daoists, especially those of the Lingbao School, borrowed many ideas and thoughts from Buddhist scripture when writing their own scripture. For example, a lot of the Daoist Lingbao Jing text was borrowed from the Buddhist Mahaparinirvana Sutra, which was translated into Chinese by the Indian monk Dharmaksema during the Northern Liang Dynasty (414-21 CE).

Qing Xitai also mentioned that the Zhongxuan Sect of the Daoist tradition was greatly influenced by the Buddhist Mahayana Prajnaparamita literature and Tiantai School, which was one of the leading Buddhist schools during the Sui Dynasty (581-618 CE). Zhongxuan literally translates as ’emphasis on metaphysics’ and was formed in the early Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE). It went on to become an important school of thought in Daoism.

 

(2) Ideas and Theories

The central deity in the Daoist Lingbao School, Yuanshi Tianzun, flanked by his two attendants

The central deity in the Daoist Lingbao School, Yuanshi Tianzun, flanked by his two attendants

The Buddhist teachings on karma and rebirth influenced Daoism, especially its description of heaven and hell. Daoists borrowed and incorporated many Buddhist terms into their teachings, and even mixed the Buddhist concept of karma and rebirth with the Daoist theory of Chengfu. This is the theory that future generations suffer from the consequences of the forefathers’ bad deeds, and was used to understand human misfortune in the world. They also adopted the Buddhist concept of Samsara or cyclic existence, which was not found in Chinese philosophy before the introduction of Buddhism.

The Lingbao School also worshiped a central deity, called Yuanshi Tianzun, combining the indigenous creator god Shangqing with the Buddha. The Daoists also reformed their cosmological model after the Buddhist system, asserting a total of 32 heavens, similar to the Buddhist concept of Trayastrimsa or the Heaven of the Thirty-Three.

 

(3) Monasticism

A rare photography of Chinese Buddhist monks during the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911 CE)

A rare photograph of Chinese Buddhist monks during the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911 CE)

Buddhism also influenced the establishment of the Daoist monastic system. Based on Qing Xitai’s findings, the historical figure Lu Xiujing (406–77 CE) reformed the Tianshi School of Daoism by incorporating various Buddhist ideas prevalent in the monastic system into the establishment of Daoist precepts. The well-known Daoist Tao Hongjing (456–536 CE) openly stated that the Buddha had prophesied him to be born as a bodhisattva, a being who can achieve complete liberation from suffering but delays doing so due to the compassionate motivation to help all other sentient beings out of their suffering as well. Tao Hongjing made vows to observe the Daoist Five Precepts (to refrain from 1. killing, 2. stealing, 3. sexual misconduct, 4. lying and 5. consuming intoxicants) in front of a Buddhist stupa built by the Indian Emperor Ashoka. In doing so, Daoists officially established their system of precepts and by extension monasticism based on the Buddhist one.

 

(4) Ritual

An illustration of a Daoist ritual for the dead, from the Chinese novel The Plum in the Golden Vase, circa 1700 CE. Scanned from Taoism and the Arts of China by Stephen Little. (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago. 2000. Page 192)

An illustration of a Daoist ritual for the dead, from the Chinese novel The Plum in the Golden Vase, circa 1700 CE. Scanned from Taoism and the Arts of China by Stephen Little. (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago. 2000. Page 192)

Daoist ritual was also influenced by Buddhism. Tantra was introduced to China in the mid-Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE)  by Subhakarasimha (637-735 CE), Vajrabodhi (671-741 CE), and Amoghavajra (705-74 CE). They translated many Buddhist tantric texts and introduced complicated tantric rituals, including various mandalas and mudras (hand gestures). Many of the Daoist rituals created at that time incorporated these rituals without modification. Daoists also began praying to several new guardian gods and protectors based on the Buddhist concept of a Bodhisattva and incorporated them into their various rituals. On the other hand, Buddhism in China itself was also influenced by Daoism as many terms were incorporated into the translation of Buddhist scripture. It was after this exchange of ideas that Daoism became an institutionalised religion with all the necessary religious elements.

 

Buddhist Inspired Religious Movements in History

Another painting showing harmony between practitioners of China's three main religions: Confucianism, Buddhism and Daoism.

Another painting showing harmony between practitioners of China’s three main religions: Confucianism, Buddhism and Daoism.

As Buddhism gradually integrated into Chinese culture and was accepted, many popular religious movements were formed throughout history, such as the White Lotus Society and the White Cloud Society. These movements appeared during the Song Dynasty (960-1279 CE) and continued through the Ming (1368–1644 CE) and even Qing (1644 to 1912 CE) Dynasties.

The White Lotus Society was established by Mao Zhiyuan as a society devoted to the recitation of the name of the Buddha Amitabha and practices leading to the Buddhist Western Pure Land. Mao advocated vegetarianism and the society’s teachings focused on the purification of the mind, so that practitioners could be reborn in the Pure Land. Both the cultivation of the mind, and the practices associated with achieving entry to the Pure Land were to be engaged in concurrently.

The society spread so fast it caught the attention of the Song government. Its founder was caught and expelled from the country for three years but was then allowed back and conferred a title by Emperor Gaozong. It was then that the society once again flourished in the country.

During the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368 CE), the White Lotus Society incorporated Chinese folk beliefs and spread rapidly, again attracting the government’s attention. According to the Yuan Shi or History of Yuan text, the society was banned in 1308, their monasteries destroyed and practitioners forced to return to lay life.

Later, Pudu, a Buddhist monk from Lushan, wrote the Lushan Lianzong Baojian text to explain the society’s doctrine. A few of the upper-classes supported his views, and so the society was once again allowed to spread among the people. It spread fast amongst the public, but its teachings morphed to instigate and stir up feelings against Yuan rule, leading to the fall of the Dynasty.

On the other hand, the White Cloud Society was originally a branch of the Buddhist Huayan School. Towards the end of the Song Dynasty, a monk from a White Cloud monastery, Kong Qingjue (1043-1121 CE), began to promote vegetarian meals to attract lay people. He considered the Huayanjing (Avatamsaka Sutra) an important Buddhist teaching, but he also advocated the syncretism of three religions, considering Confucianism the icon of loyalty and filial piety; Buddhism the icon of compassion; and Daoism the icon of a simple and quiet life without attachment.

kept in british library

Hand written Dunhuang version of the Avatamsaka Sutra currently kept in the British Library

The Society was considered heretical by the government as male and female practitioners practised together, so it was banished to the far south in 1116, but this banishment was later lifted. The Society diminished in 1202, when its practitioners were found to be practising at night, something which at the time was not considered a proper practice.

Daoan, the Buddhist abbot of Puning Monastery in Hongzhou, added work by the Society to an edition of the Tripitaka, called the Puning Edition, and revived the Society’s practices for a while until it was finally banned in 1320.

In addition to the two movements above, the Wuwei (Non-Action) Sect was founded by Luo Qing (1442-1527 CE). Luo was inspired by Buddhism, studied with various masters, and was particularly interested in Buddhist texts. His teachings were strongly influenced by Chan Buddhism, emphasising the discovery of one’s innate Buddha-nature (Sanskrit: Tathagatagarbha).

This tradition split into four sects after Luo Qing’s death. One of these developed into the popular I-Guan Dao (Consistent Way) that is very much active in Taiwan. Its practice of vegetarianism and worship of Guanyin are also heavily influenced by Buddhism. Apart from I-Guan Dao, the Sanyi Jiao (Three-in-One Teaching) School was founded by Lin Zhao’en (1517-98 CE). He combined the teachings of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism, but emphasised the Confucianist and Daoist concepts of internal alchemy, known as Quanzhen (Complete Realization) as opposed to the Buddhist concept of enlightenment.

 

Buddhist Influence on Popular Belief

Many of the images and iconographic details of the Buddhas, Boddhisattvas and Arhats were introduced to China at the same time Buddhist texts were. Some of these Buddhas and Bodhisattvas became quite popular amongst the Chinese people, who incorporated them into popular culture, turning them into Chinese gods. For example, Guanyin, the Chinese version of Avalokiteshvara; Mile, the Chinese version of Maitreya; and Dizang, the Chinese version of Ksitigarbha.

 

Guanyin (Avalokitesvara)

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Guanyin, the Goddess of Mercy, is the most popular Buddhist Bodhisattva worshiped by Chinese people all around the world. Guanyin became popular in the Northern and Southern Dynasties (420-589 CE) and her popularity in China and East Asia continues to this day. Guanyin is also worshiped in Daoism as the True Man of Compassion or Great Person of Compassion. Within the Lingbao texts of the Daoist tradition, Guanyin was transformed into Jiuku Tianzun (Heavenly Venerable Saviour from Suffering).

 

Milefo (Maitreya)

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Milefo is the second most popular Buddhist Bodhisattva worshiped by the Chinese. He is also known as the Laughing Buddha; Mile with a Bag; Mile with a Big Belly; the Happy Buddha; the Peace Buddha; the Buddha of Good Fortune; and the Buddha of Wealth, etc.

According to Buddhist scripture, Maitreya currently resides in Tushita Heaven, where Lama Tsongkhapa also resides. Maitreya will appear on earth in the future to teach the Dharma again and bring us out of suffering when the world is dark and peoples’ delusions have worsened incredibly. He will become the next Buddha in our world. Iconographically, Maitreya sits upright and forward in full readiness to arrive and teach all beings, and his form resembles humans of this world. He will manifest in that way to help beings on earth to overcome their suffering.

Engaging in the practice of Maitreya now is said to assure practitioners the chance to become one of his foremost disciples when he teaches in the future. Many Buddhist practitioners, including the eminent Buddhist monk Daoan, vowed to be reborn in Tushita Heaven to be near Maitreya. Since the Northern and Southern Dynasties, many people have been inspired to use Maitreya’s image. From politicians and various cult leaders, people have used his future enlightenment to propagate their own versions of his arrival and to somehow legitimise any claims they made.

I-Guan Dao is one of the many popular Chinese religions that adopted Maitreya as their main deity and have asserted the reincarnations of their masters such as their 17th Patriarch Lu Zhongyi (1849-1925 CE), are in fact none other than Maitreya himself.

According to the Biography of Eminent Monks, during the late Five Dynasties (907–60 CE), there was a Buddhist monk, named Qici, who had a big belly. He often travelled around the Zhejiang province with a bag and begged for a living, so people called him Budai Heshang, which means the monk with a bag. Just before his death, Qici composed a stanza that reads: “Maitreya is a real Buddha, who manifests uncountable transformed bodies. Manifests constantly before living beings who are unable to recognize them.” Thus, people identified him as being Maitreya. According to Zhuang Chuo from the Song Dynasty, many made statues of Qici and worshiped him as Maitreya during that time.

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This tradition was adopted into Chinese Buddhism. We often see the Laughing Buddha being placed in the first shrine room as we enter a Chinese Buddhist monastery or temple. In 1098, the Song Dynasty Emperor Zhezong gave Maitreya an official title, the Great Master Dingying, which completely transformed the image of Maitreya into the Laughing Buddha.

The belief in Milefo continued to grow and became much more popular. Many texts were produced as a result, including Mile Sanhui Ji (Record of Maitreya’s Three Meetings), Longhua Huiji (Record of Longhua Meeting), Mile Sung (Praises of Maitreya), Milefoshuo Dizang Shiwang Baojuan (Treasure Scroll of Dizang and the Ten Kings preached by Maitreya Buddha), Dasheng Mile Huadu Baojuan (Treasure Scroll of the Great Saint Maitreya’s Conversion), Milefo Chuxi Baojuan (Treasure Scroll of Maitreya’s Appearance in the West), Budai Jing (Scripture of Budai), Mile Gufojiao Pian (The Ancient Buddha Maitreya’s Teaching), etc.

Today, Milefo or Maitreya is usually depicted in Chinese art as a laughing monk with a big belly to symbolise the spirit of open-mindedness and tolerance. The Chinese believe it represents the humanistic, practical, and happy attitude of life with a spirit to promote peace and prosperity in society.

 

Amitofo (Amitabha Buddha)

The Buddha Amitabha (centre) in his Western Pure Land, with his attendants.

The Buddha Amitabha (centre) in his Western Pure Land, with his attendants.

Amitofo is the most prominent deity in Pure Land Buddhism. According to the Wuliangshou Jing (Sukhavativyuha Sutra), there was a king who met Guan Zizaiwang Rulai (Tathagata Lokesvararaja), and renounced the world after learning the Buddha’s teaching. He became a monk, called Dharmakara, and made forty-eight vows to save people by creating a Pure Land. His 18th vow reads: 

“If, when I attain Buddhahood, sentient beings in the lands of the ten quarters who sincerely and joyfully entrust themselves to me, desire to be born in my land, and call my name, even ten times, should not be born there, may I not attain perfect enlightenment. Excluded, however, are those who commit the five gravest offences and abuse the right Dharma.”

After he attained enlightenment, he was named Amita or Amitabha, which means “infinite light”, and the Pure Land he created is called the Sukhavati (in Sanskrit), which means the Western Paradise. Those who follow the Pure Land tradition recite the name of Amitabha Buddha, wishing to be born in his Pure Land according to his 18th vow.

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The two Bodhisattvas assistants of Amitabha Buddha are Guanyin (Avalokitesvara) and Dashizhi (Mahasthamaprapta). Together, with Amitabha, they are called the Three Saints of the West. The popularity of Amitabha in Chinese society is evident by the popular saying: “There are Amitabhas and Avalokitesvaras enshrined by each and every family”.

The practice of Amitabha is extremely important in Chinese religion and culture. When a person is close to death or has already passed on, often times family members, friends and even other volunteers chant the name of Amitabha and dedicated the merits to the dying person. This is done because they have the wish for him or her to be born in the Western Paradise. Family members also visit Buddhist monasteries to ask monks to perform rituals for the dead, including chanting of the name of Amitabha and the recitation of the short version of the Amitabha Sutra.

 

Belief in the Hells and its Ten Kings

The Bodhisattva Ksitigarba and his two attendants, flanked by the Ten Kings of Hell.

The Bodhisattva Ksitigarba and his two attendants, flanked by the Ten Kings of Hell.

According to Tang Yijian, a Chinese scholar, there was no belief in future lives in indigenous Chinese thought (Tang 1999, 164). The ancient Chinese believed that we go to hell when we die, but their idea of hell was quite vague. They believed in what was known as Taishan or Fengdu. According to the Shanguo Zhi text (History of the Three Kingdoms), Taishan was a place reserved for the governing of ghosts, not human beings (Chen 1964, 826). According to the ancient Book of Bowuzhi, Taishan was personified as the grandson of Heaven, and was in charge of all ghosts. Similarly, belief in Fengdu as the realm of ghosts can be found in Daoist books such as Ge Hong’s (284–363 CE) Zhenzhongshu and Tao Hongjing’s (456– 536 CE) Zhenlin Weiye Tu. Both of these figures were eminent Daoists in Chinese history.

However, one distinguishing feature compared to other belief systems is that hell is situated in the same realm as human beings. There was also a belief that there were many beings or deities in charge of the ‘departments’ or ‘offices’ for the different ‘districts’ of existence. This included hell, which was simply another ‘department’.

The introduction of hell as a separate realm came about through the introduction of Buddhism, and the various descriptions found in its scriptures. For example, the Dirga Agama text, translated into Chinese by Zhu Fonian in 413 CE includes a full description of hell. The popular belief in the 18 hells, however, was introduced to China during the 2nd Century, when An Shigao translated the Niraya Sutra, with its detailed description of the realm. The belief became popular during the Northen and Southern Dynasties, as the term ‘Eighteen Hells’ was mentioned in a story about Liu Sahe, recorded down in the Liang History Book.

Due to both the influence of indigenous beliefs and the introduction of Buddhism, a unique concept of the hells formed within Chinese culture. As Daoshi described it in his book Fayuan Zhulin (Forest of Gems in the Garden of the Dharma) compiled in 668 CE, there are 18 hells, with Yama (the God of Death) as their king, who commands 18 ministers that govern the realms. Therefore, today the belief in 18 hells is a combination of both Buddhist and Daoist tradition.

According to indigenous Chinese belief, the King of Eastern Mountain is the chieftain who governs hell. But in the Buddhist texts, Yama is described as the King of the Hells. This belief was originally found in the ancient Indian Hindu text known as the Yajur Veda. In it, he is known as Yamaraja, and Buddhism absorbed belief in this deity into their own cosmological system. The belief in Yama became widespread only during the Southern and Northern Dynasties. As the Biography of Han Qinhu in the Sui History text recounts, General Han Qinhu of the Northern Zhou Dynasty even made vows to be reborn as Yama, the King of the Hells.

A full description of the 10 Kings of Hell can be found in two versions of the apocryphal Scripture on the Ten Kings, which were written by a Buddhist monk, name Zangchuan. These were known as the Dizang Pusa Faxin Yingyuan Shiwang Jing (Scripture of the Ten Kings about the Causes of Kitigarbha Bodhisattva’s Taking of Vows) and Yanlouwang Shouji Linsizhong Nixiu Sheng Qizhai Gongde Wangsheng Jingtu Jing (Sutra of Yama’s Prediction that Allows the Fourfold Assembly to Practice the Seven Types of Rituals in Reverse to be Reborn in a Pure Land) which were both found in Dunhuang.

The Bodhisattva Ksitigarba with his two assistants, with the Ten Kings of Hell in attendance.

The Bodhisattva Ksitigarba with his two assistants, with the Ten Kings of Hell in attendance.

According to Stephen Teiser, the apocryphal Scripture on the Ten Kings came into being during the late 10th Century. After belief in them became stronger, they were considered to be subjects of the King of Eastern Mountain. Daoism however, assimilated the Buddhist idea of Yama and the 18 hells, and this view became popular during the Tang Dynasty. It is believed that there are 10 courts in the hell realms, each with its own king to pass judgement. The names of these kings are a fascinating blend of names of historical figures and those from Buddhist scriptures. They are (1) Qinguang, (2) Chujiang, (3) Songdi, (4) Wuguan, (5) Yanluo, (6) Biancheng, (7) Taishan, (8) Pingzheng, (9) Dushi, and (10) Zhuanlun. However, some lists enumerate them differently.

According to the scholar Zhiru, medieval sources indicate that by the end of the 8th Century, the worship of Dizang or the Buddhist Bodhisattva Ksitigarba, was incorporated into cults surrounding death and the afterlife. This was especially true in areas such as Dunhuang and Sichuan, where the Bodhisattva shows up frequently in portrayals of judgement in the afterlife. (Zhiru 2007, 198).

This Bodhisattva is well-known for his great vow to save beings suffering in the hells realms as recounted in the Sutra on the Original Vows of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha, which is fundamentally a teaching concerning karmic retribution. It graphically describes the consequences of committing undesirable actions. His heroic vow reads: “Not until the hells are emptied will I become a Buddha.”

The Bodhisattva Ksitigarba

The Bodhisattva Ksitigarba

Dizang normally appears in hell as an intercessor; a ray of mercy and redemption in the afterlife’s judiciary process over which the Ten Kings preside. People believe that his worship during the Ghost Festival can save the suffering of their relatives in the afterlife because Dizang even has the capability of opening the doors to the hells, allowing the relatives respite or to receive offerings made for them.

In Daoist theology, the role of Dizang as Bodhisattva of the underworld was assumed by the deity Jiuku Tianzun. The cults of Dizang and Jiuku Tianzun offered people solace as they gave hope that the net of karma could be avoided through contrition, repentance, and faith in the power of a compassionate saviour.

 

The Mother Delivering Children

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There is another belief that influenced Chinese religion, and that is the belief in the mother of a child ghost. This came about from Buddhist tradition which speaks of a female ghost or ogress known as Hariti. She had five hundred children of her own, but used to eat other people’s children. Upon hearing this, Buddha Shakyamuni appeared and hid her youngest child. She could not find him anywhere and distraught asked Shakyamuni for help. He taught her to compare herself with other women who also have children. She realised her wrong deeds and instead became a powerful protector of children. She is worshiped in China by those who are childless and want offspring. She is appeased in the form of a mother who delivers children; middle-aged with many children around her, and at least one child in her arms.

 

Jigong, the Living Buddha

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Jigong is the honourable name for the Buddhist monk Jidian. His lay name was Li Xiuyuan and he lived during the Song Dynasty. Because of his good deeds helping people, he was named the Living Buddha Jigong after he died. He was a descendant of a military marshal, Lee Wenhe, from the Tiantai area. When he was 18 years old, he became a monk at Lingyin Monastery in Hangzhou, under his master, Huiyuan. Even though he was a monk, he did not follow the discipline of the monastery. He drank wine and eat meat; his speech was crude and his behaviour crazy. Other monks did not like him and thought to expel him from the monastery. However, his kind master kept him near until the master died. After that Jigong was expelled from Lingyin Monastery and moved to Jingci monastery, where he remained until his death in 1209.

According to legend, he had magical powers that he used to help people by curing their illnesses or predicting accidents, etc. As a result, people loved him and thought he was the incarnation of a Buddhist arhat, who had tamed a dragon. Thus, belief in Jigong became popular, and there are many folk stories about his life and legend. By the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, many storytellers propagated Jigong’s thaumaturgical stories. All the material enriched Jigong’s original history. Today, Jigong’s story is portrayed in TV shows popular in Taiwan, Mainland China, and the Tibetan Autonomous Region.

Jigong is an important figure in popular religion, as many sects regard him as a deity. For example, when people ‘Call Upon the Gods’ or hold the ‘Flying Phoenix Ritual’, Jigong is one of the major deities who possesses the mediums present. In I-Guan Dao, the disciples call Jigong ‘Lao Shi’, the ‘master’ or ‘teacher’, and they believe I-Guan Dao’s founder, Zhang Tianran, was the incarnation of Jigong. Another famous sect, Ci Hui Tang, incorporates the belief in mediums who are possessed by Jigong. In popular religion, although Jigong is not the highest god, he is a benevolent messenger who helps people.

 

Festivals Influenced by Buddhism

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Many festivals in China are influenced by Buddhist teachings, such as the Buddha’s birthday, which falls on the 8th day of the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. Of course, it is mainly celebrated in Buddhist monasteries throughout China, but ordinary people, who are not particularly Buddhist, also attend the celebrations.

The second is the Yulanpen Festival, popularly known as the Ghost Festival, which is celebrated on the 15th day of the seventh month in the Chinese lunar calendar. The name Yulanpen is a Buddhist term from the Yulanpen Jing or Ullambana Sutra, which tells a story of how Maudgalyayana, a disciple of the Buddha, saved his mother from hell. It is a text that teaches filial piety. This festival became quite popular in the Tang Dynasty. Daoism also has its own festival, called Zhongyuan, celebrated on the same day with the same purpose – to save all souls from hell. Today, this festival is celebrated by all Chinese people, regardless of whether they are religious or not, because it is considered a form of ancestor worship.

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The third is the Laba Festival, which falls on the 8th day of the twelfth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. La means the end of the year, when the ancient Chinese made offerings to gods and ancestors for good fortune and blessings. Eight gods were worshipped during this time, such as the God of Harvest and the Insect God. After the introduction of Buddhism, it was made known that Buddha Shakyamuni attained enlightenment on the 8th day of the twelfth month, by meditating under a bodhi tree after eating congee (or the Indian equivalent; rice pudding) offered to him by a young lady. This took place after six long and futile years of mistaken ascetic practices. In commemoration of the event, Chinese monasteries began offering congee every year on this day. Thus, it became a tradition for people to enjoy bowls of congee for good luck and happiness. The Laba Festival therefore, has both indigenous and Buddhist characteristics.

 

Funerary Practices

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A central practice amongst the Chinese is to bury the dead in a thick coffin, as it is believed to be a filial act towards their deceased family member, as explained in the classic Chinese text Xiaojing. However, the practice of cremation was gradually accepted as Buddhism became an integral part of Chinese culture.

Buddhism, however, does not specify if a body should be cremated or buried as either a way to reach heaven, ensure a good rebirth, or as a crucial ritual act in treating the dead. Buddhist liberation has nothing to do with how a corpse is handled because the Buddhist attitude to the physical body is that it has only instrumental value. That being said, as Buddhists practiced cremation in India and they brought the tradition to China, it became widespread.

Beginning in the 10th Century, many people willingly gave up the long-established custom of burying bodies in coffins to follow the practice of cremating bodies and scattering the ashes over water, storing them in urns above ground, or burying the urn in a small grave. Throughout the Song Dynasty and its successor, the Yuan Dynasty founded by Mongol conquerors, cremation flourished, despite strong objections by the state and the educated Confucian elite. (Ebrey 1990, 406)

A Song Dynasty Chinese elite, Hong Mai (1123–1202 CE), stated in his work titled Rongzhai Suibi:

Once the Buddhist theory of transformation by fire arose, everywhere, there have been people who burn the corpse after death. When the weather is hot, out of dread of the foul secretions, they invariably lay out [the body] before the day is over and burn it before the flesh is cold. (Ebrey 1990, 410)

Of course, cremation was only an alternative. Many people still preferred to bury the dead. Cremation was preferred due to economic reasons, as there was a shortage of land for burial available to poor city dwellers, but others followed which ever custom they liked. According to a study by Ebrey, Buddhism provided the institutions necessary for the spread of cremation, as all the recorded crematoria were run by Buddhist temples. Some Buddhist temples even provided storage for the ash remains, and others had pools of water where they could be scattered. However, the practice of cremation declined from the Ming Dynasty due to criticism by the Confucians and government intervention.

The Confucians from the Song Dynasty argued cremation was a foreign custom introduced with Buddhism, and it was cruel, a desecration of the corpse, barbaric, and not filial. The well-known Neo-Confucian philosopher, Cheng Yi (1033–1107 CE), argued cremation was a severe way to handle a corpse: “Today if a fool or drunkard accidentally hits the coffin of a person’s ancestor, he will take great offense and want revenge. Yet, he may personally drag his parents and toss them into the flames, finding nothing odd in it”. Another Neo-Confucian, Zhu Xi (1130–1200 CE), also rejected cremation as an unacceptable practice. It was perhaps motivated by the Confucians that the Song government issued codes to prohibit cremation, but it was difficult to enforce. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the government’s codes became severe, and social control became more pervasive, so cremation declined rapidly. The practice of cremation continued, but it was confined to special circumstances, such as amongst Buddhist monks and nuns; and dead lepers, who were burnt to prevent disease.

Over time, however, cremation became a major practice as people became more aware that the physical body is just a natural product of their parents, and cremation is more environmentally friendly than other means of disposing the dead.

 

Conclusion

BICR026

The Buddhist influence on popular Chinese belief, especially amongst Daoist practitioners is very strong. Many Buddhist ideas and practices; and images of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas were incorporated into popular religious practices in China. Today, these Buddhist elements are seen in many areas of religious practice, however few people recognise them as such, though they have played a major role in Chinese religious traditions throughout the course of Buddhist history in China.

 
Sources:

  • https://www.quora.com/How-did-Buddhism-spread
  • http://factsanddetails.com/china/cat3/sub11/item94.html
  • https://classroom.synonym.com/how-did-buddhist-beliefs-impact-chinese-thoughts-12087528.html
  • https://classroom.synonym.com/cultural-diffusion-silk-route-ancient-china-6945.html
  • https://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/religion/
  • https://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/buddhism.htm
  • https://www.ancient.eu/article/891/religion-in-ancient-china/
  • https://mediadiversified.org/2013/11/14/photo-gallery-taiwan-through-the-lens-of-the-people/11-prayers-and-incense-offered-at-longshan-temple-both-buddhist-and-taoist-by-benedict-young/
  • http://taoisttalisman.blogspot.rs/2006/
  • http://www.goodorient.com/blog/?p=481
  • https://www.thoughtco.com/the-three-purities-of-taoism-3182932

 
For more interesting information:

 

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Adeline Woon is a Buddhist Pastor and a Sangha-to-be in Kechara who enjoys learning and sharing the Dharma with others. Due to her deep interest in Buddhism from a young age, Adeline enrolled herself into the Dharma Drum University in Taiwan, where she graduated with a Master in Religious Studies in 2012.
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4 Responses to Buddhist Influence on Chinese Religion

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  1. Jacinta Goh on Feb 14, 2021 at 11:59 pm

    Up to this day, I am still having trouble differentiating between Confusion and Daoism. Thank Buddha I have a clearer understanding of Buddhism, especially Tibetan Buddhism. I’m glad that this article being discussed just now in the blog chat. Although I am still having difficulty in recognizing them, at least I learned some of their histories, their similarities with Buddhism as well as their differentiation. Thank you Rinpoche and Pastor Adeline.

  2. Moon Chan on Jan 5, 2021 at 7:07 pm

    “Buddhism is for the cultivation of mind, Daoism is for the training of the physical body and Confucianism is for the governance of society.”

    Long time ago, I was told to defer Daoism between Buddhism, Daoism worship “human” figures, nor Buddhism is not. Therefore most of the time we see Buddha statue represents Buddhism, but Daoism has many different human form deities.

    There are many folktale in Daoism which are very interesting, I know Amitabha from a Daoism TV show during childhood. He was with many other deities in his heaven, now I realise it was the Pure Land he created, a place people longing to go after death. My experience of Chinese culture, its true I would say “Amitabha” when I see other beings are in suffer or death.

    The Daoists also asserting a total of 32 heavens, similar to the Buddhist concept of Trayastrimsa or the Heaven of the Thirty-Three. There are so many heaven up there, different heaven has different count in life time too. Interesting! So many history to discover, before this I thought only one heaven. In Tibetan Buddhism, Mandala is where the deities stay.

  3. Andrea Lai on Oct 8, 2020 at 1:10 am

    I’m used to be a Daoism practitioner because since young I was brought up in this way. Needless, I know not much until I growing up meeting friends and got know little better. Then when my mom converted into Buddhism, I only received very basic knowledge of Buddhism.
    Ever since I joined in Tibetan Buddhism, I found the teachings from Rinpoche have broadened up my horizon. In my opinion, Buddhism is not a religion it’s a philosophy of life, because we can apply it into our daily lives and it’s a cultural practice for all. Very informative info, thank you PAW. 🙏

  4. Samfoonheei on Jul 4, 2020 at 1:20 pm

    Buddhism started as a Hindu influenced religion in India. Buddhism has had a long history in China and has been instrumental in shaping Chinese culture and tradition. Over time Buddhism became a popular force in the lives of the Chinese and many others. Buddhists believe in a combination of Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism, the latter of which teaches that enlightenment can be achieved in a single lifetime. It was able to gain acceptance among the Chinese as it emphasis on non-violence and the sanctity of animal life. China hosts the world’s largest Buddhist population. Interesting read . At the time of commenting , I still have plenty to understand.
    Thank you Pastor Adeline for this sharing.

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  • sarassitham
    Tuesday, May 4. 2021 03:46 PM
    Bali is a magical Island probably the most well-known and most visited Indonesian island. A part of Indonesia archipelago, Bali owns the panorama and unique culture that make this island an ideal location for a vacation.

    It’s shock to discover people in Bali are eating dog meat. Aside from the cruelty, the greatest shock was to discover that tourists are unwittingly eating dog meat and fueling the mobile dog meat vendors are trawling popular beaches in Bali selling satays from buckets, deliberately not telling people the origin of the meat.

    This is causing shocking animal cruelty over the popular holiday destination and
    definitely putting the local Balinese and foreign tourists’ health at risk .Thanks for the thoughtful sharing and bringing awareness to many.

    https://bit.ly/2RknC6Q
  • sarassitham
    Monday, May 3. 2021 11:36 PM
    Each of us is born with a particular set of colors and numbers that are very unique. These numbers reveal our character, purpose, motivation, talents and abilities in this life.

    I had a positive feeling and good action to know the interesting fact of Mewa 6. Thank you for the thoughtful sharing, I am blessed to know my birth Mewa and had the opportunity to encounter the challenges to face and to overcome.

    https://bit.ly/3thT9DE
  • sarassitham
    Friday, Apr 30. 2021 11:09 PM
    Thank you for the informative and historical sharing of The Guangxi Community in Bentong. It’s interesting to know the large Chinese population in the Perting Chinese New Village are Guangxi Chinese.

    A small town famous for its locally produced ginger, durians, tofu puff, bean curd, bean curd puff, fresh vegetables, it has so much more to offer for wandering foodies.

    Success requires hard work, however hard work rewards with much more than success alone. Guangxi people of today are one of the most successful communities in Bentong, producing successful people in every strata of society.

    https://bit.ly/3gQ2JLu
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, Apr 30. 2021 03:47 PM
    Great Buton Rinchen Drub’s lifestorys truly inspiring, interesting which I simply love reading over and over again. The Great Buton Rinchen Drub was one of the most erudite of scholars of Tibet. To this day he is well remembered as a prodigious scholar and writer and is Tibet’s most celebrated historian. He catalogued thousands of the Buddhist scriptures and wrote the famous book, the History of Buddhism in India and Tibet. Many Tibetan scholars utilize in their study even as today.
    Thank you Rinpoche and Pastor David for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/tibets-great-scholar-buton-rinchen-drub.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, Apr 30. 2021 03:46 PM
    Great memories of Rinpoche meeting with Guru Deva Rinpoche a very learned and qualified Lama,that has changed Rinpoche life. He is considered to be the reincarnation of one of the 84 great Mahasiddhas of ancient India. He studied under many great masters as such like Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche, Kyabje Yongzin Trijang Dorje Chang, and so forth. We have Tsem Rinpoche today all because of Guru Deva Rinpoche who had contributed towards Rinpoche’s spiritual journey. The journey was tough for Rinpoche , having gone through and had travelled from America to India. Having remained and continued to languish under the terrible conditions in India till he travelled to Nepal and meeting Guru Deva Rinpoche. Everything changed from then on. Interesting read .
    Thank you Rinpoche and Martin Chow for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/my-recollection-of-h-e-guru-deva-rinpoche.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Apr 28. 2021 04:19 PM
    Buton Rinchen Drub is widely considered to be one of Tibet’s greatest scholars, historians, translators,writers and proponent of the Kalachakra Tantra. Even as a very young child, Rinpoche exhibited extraordinary abilities. He studied and received many tantric transmissions and empowerments from many other teachers. Well respected by many and was one of the brightest lights of Tibetan Buddhism. Over the period of his life he composed at least twenty-six prolific volumes of commentaries. His legacy included the compilation of 500 years’ worth of translated teachings into the encyclopedic Kangyur and Tangyur collections. This monumental effort helped to preserve and propagate the teachings throughout Tibet. These collections have become well known by all of the schools of Buddhism in Tibet, and continue to this day. He travelled tremendously throughout Tibet and many places giving teachings, empowerments, transmissions, and ordinations at monasteries along the way. Interesting read of a great Lama.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/buton-rinchen-drub.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Apr 28. 2021 04:09 PM
    Pema Lingpa was a famous saint and siddha of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism. In the history of the Nyingma school in Bhutan, Pema Lingpa is second only in importance to Padmasambhava himself. Many auspicious miraculous signs appeared when was born as such even as a child he was indeed extraordinary learning everything from reading and writing to ironwork and carpentry without receiving any instruction. Interesting read of the extraordinary enlightened activities , stories and biography of Pema Lingpa . He was highly regarded by all four of the principal schools of Vajrayana Buddhism. Pema Lingpa spent his life revealing the precious treasures of Guru Rinpoche, giving empowerments and teachings. He composed many religious texts and ritual, gave initiations and even established monasteries . He was known as a discoverer of spiritual treasures. He left a legacy establishing a tradition that endures to this day. He prophesied that in the future he would return as the Buddha Dorjé Nyingpo in the pure land of Pemako.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this interesting sharing .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/pema-lingpa.html
  • Sarassitham
    Tuesday, Apr 27. 2021 04:22 PM
    Thank you for the interesting sharing of discovering the heart desire numbers. Numerology is the belief in the divine or mystical relationship between a number and one or more coinciding events. The heart’s desire is seen as part of the larger picture which includes the life path, expression, date of birth and personality. Each person has different numbers that help them identify who they are and what their purpose in life. Each letters in our name has a message which is hidden and plays a crucial role in our life.

    I think this article will benefits many who are having a very hard time to achieve their dreams and to find out their true passion in their life. I had a good read and happy to discover my heart desire number.

    https://bit.ly/3vm118z
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Apr 26. 2021 04:10 PM
    For sarassitham –sorry press wrongly
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Apr 26. 2021 04:09 PM
    For sarassitham – For years scientists and experts have been trying hard to get the bottom answers and hard evidence of aliens existing . Finally they did it and very close to the answers through the video….a true evidence. Throughout history, many common myths and legends mention incredible flying machines and how ancient people travelled great distances through the air. I do believe thousands of years ago, ancient mankind was visited by incredible flying machines. There are various places around the world such as the Step pyramid in Saqqara, Egypt, a burial ground in Columbia , Mountain of Solomon and Peru, and many more. All these architectural structure are amazing, how and exactly, did they build those structures those days thousands years ago without modern machineries? Made of millions of precisely hewn stones weighing tons each, even with today’s cranes and other construction equipment, building it would be a very challenging task. Scientists suspect that over centuries aliens have visited Earth. Could it be artifacts of aliens or did ancient humans have extra-terrestrial help ??? It is still a mysteries to this days. Interesting read .
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/science-mysteries/ancient-aliens-the-evidence-season-1-episode-1.html
  • sarassitham
    Friday, Apr 23. 2021 12:19 AM
    This article is truly inspiring. Ms Chen contributed most of her time working, her passion was a strong desire that she was able to do amazing things. It is indeed a rare sight to see a person who is able to be selfless at such a deep level in many ways. I do agree that we definitely need more Ms Chens in this world to inspire and to help others.

    https://bit.ly/3xj0k1C
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Apr 22. 2021 03:34 PM
    Ngawang Wangyal known to many as Geshe Wangyal and the first American lama introducing Tibetan Buddhism to the West. He was a Buddhist lama and scholar of Kalmyk origin born in Russia. He travelled through Russia to Tibet and spent the next 20 years traveling throughout Asia, learning English and translating . It was during the Chinese invasion he escaped to India and later went to American. Despite the many challenges he faced , he built a monastery been the first temple in the Western hemisphere, sponsored Tibetan monk scholars to assist him in teachings. That’s how Tibetan Buddhism spread in the west. His long list of accomplishments would include pioneering efforts in establishing Tibetan Buddhism’s intellectual bona fides in American academia. During the last several years of his life he worked tirelessly on his final book.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this inspiring untold story of how Tibetan Buddhism first came to America through one great Lama.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/from-russia-with-love.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Apr 22. 2021 03:30 PM
    Kalarupa is one a wrathful emanation of Wisdom Buddha Manjushri, manifesting as a Dharma Protector. Kalarupa displaying as the direct spiritual protector force for all ugliness arising from the true inner spiritual obstacles of fear, hatred, pride and jealousy . As an emanation of Manjushri, Kalarupa’s practice ultimately helps us to destroy ignorance and develop wisdom to overcome our anger and suffering. Interesting read of the story how Kalarupa arose as a Protector. Beautiful pictures of Kalarupa in many forms.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing, even though I still have more to understand.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/kalarupa.html
  • sarassitham
    Thursday, Apr 22. 2021 12:38 AM
    Animals are sentient beings who like us have feelings, if we hurt them they feel pain and if we treat them with love and care, they would feel loved. The more we human know about the animals the more we feel how amazing they are.

    Thank you for sharing, I got attacked from the cuteness and I admired the warm hug of the puppy with teddy bear.

    https://bit.ly/3eoJxl4
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Apr 21. 2021 03:12 PM
    In Buddhism, offerings are made to the Triple Gem, giving rise to contemplative gratitude and inspiration. One such offerings such as foods. flowers, and so forth. Reading this post gives us a more understanding of some do’s and don’ts regarding food offerings. Offering food is a meritorious act that also reminds us not to be greedy or selfish.
    GREAT guidance , precious teachings and listening from those videos tell us more. All about making offerings, the importance of our motivation and the results of making offerings to the Three Jewels
    Thank you Rinpoche and writers for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/a-quick-note-on-food-offerings.html

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Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
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Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
2 yearss ago
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
2 yearss ago
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
2 yearss ago
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
2 yearss ago
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat\'s land here in Malaysia
2 yearss ago
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat's land here in Malaysia
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
2 yearss ago
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
2 yearss ago
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
2 yearss ago
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
2 yearss ago
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
Sacred Vajra Yogini
2 yearss ago
Sacred Vajra Yogini
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
2 yearss ago
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
2 yearss ago
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha\'s mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
2 yearss ago
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha's mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha\'s. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
2 yearss ago
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha's. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
2 yearss ago
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
2 yearss ago
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
This is pretty amazing!

First Sri Lankan Buddhist temple opened in Dubai!!!
2 yearss ago
This is pretty amazing! First Sri Lankan Buddhist temple opened in Dubai!!!
My Dharma boy (left) and Oser girl loves to laze around on the veranda in the mornings. They enjoy all the trees, grass and relaxing under the hot sun. Sunbathing is a favorite daily activity. I care about these two doggies of mine very much and I enjoy seeing them happy. They are with me always. Tsem Rinpoche

Always be kind to animals and eat vegetarian- https://bit.ly/2Psp8h2
2 yearss ago
My Dharma boy (left) and Oser girl loves to laze around on the veranda in the mornings. They enjoy all the trees, grass and relaxing under the hot sun. Sunbathing is a favorite daily activity. I care about these two doggies of mine very much and I enjoy seeing them happy. They are with me always. Tsem Rinpoche Always be kind to animals and eat vegetarian- https://bit.ly/2Psp8h2
After you left me Mumu, I was alone. I have no family or kin. You were my family. I can\'t stop thinking of you and I can\'t forget you. My bond and connection with you is so strong. I wish you were by my side. Tsem Rinpoche
2 yearss ago
After you left me Mumu, I was alone. I have no family or kin. You were my family. I can't stop thinking of you and I can't forget you. My bond and connection with you is so strong. I wish you were by my side. Tsem Rinpoche
This story is a life-changer. Learn about the incredible Forest Man of India | 印度“森林之子”- https://bit.ly/2Eh4vRS
2 yearss ago
This story is a life-changer. Learn about the incredible Forest Man of India | 印度“森林之子”- https://bit.ly/2Eh4vRS
Part 2-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
2 yearss ago
Part 2-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
Part 1-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
2 yearss ago
Part 1-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
The great Protector Manjushri Dorje Shugden depicted in the beautiful Mongolian style. To download a high resolution file: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
2 yearss ago
The great Protector Manjushri Dorje Shugden depicted in the beautiful Mongolian style. To download a high resolution file: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
The Mystical land of Shambhala is finally ready for everyone to feast their eyes and be blessed. A beautiful post with information, art work, history, spirituality and a beautiful book composed by His Holiness the 6th Panchen Rinpoche. ~ https://bit.ly/309MHBi
2 yearss ago
The Mystical land of Shambhala is finally ready for everyone to feast their eyes and be blessed. A beautiful post with information, art work, history, spirituality and a beautiful book composed by His Holiness the 6th Panchen Rinpoche. ~ https://bit.ly/309MHBi
Beautiful pictures of the huge Buddha in Longkou Nanshan- https://bit.ly/2LsBxVb
2 yearss ago
Beautiful pictures of the huge Buddha in Longkou Nanshan- https://bit.ly/2LsBxVb
The reason-Very interesting thought- https://bit.ly/2V7VT5r
2 yearss ago
The reason-Very interesting thought- https://bit.ly/2V7VT5r
NEW Bigfoot cafe in Malaysia! Food is delicious!- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
2 yearss ago
NEW Bigfoot cafe in Malaysia! Food is delicious!- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
DON\'T MISS THIS!~How brave Bonnie survived by living with a herd of deer~ https://bit.ly/2Lre2eY
2 yearss ago
DON'T MISS THIS!~How brave Bonnie survived by living with a herd of deer~ https://bit.ly/2Lre2eY
Global Superpower China Will Cut Meat Consumption by 50%! Very interesting, find out more- https://bit.ly/2V1sJFh
2 yearss ago
Global Superpower China Will Cut Meat Consumption by 50%! Very interesting, find out more- https://bit.ly/2V1sJFh
You can download this beautiful Egyptian style Dorje Shugden Free- https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
2 yearss ago
You can download this beautiful Egyptian style Dorje Shugden Free- https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
Beautiful high file for print of Lord Manjushri. May you be blessed- https://bit.ly/2V8mwZe
2 yearss ago
Beautiful high file for print of Lord Manjushri. May you be blessed- https://bit.ly/2V8mwZe
Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
2 yearss ago
Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
2 yearss ago
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
2 yearss ago
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
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  • Our Malaysian Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir speaks so well, logically and regarding our country’s collaboration with China for growth. It is refreshing to listen to Dr. Mahathir’s thoughts. He said our country can look to China for many more things such as technology and so on. Tsem Rinpoche
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    Our Malaysian Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir speaks so well, logically and regarding our country’s collaboration with China for growth. It is refreshing to listen to Dr. Mahathir’s thoughts. He said our country can look to China for many more things such as technology and so on. Tsem Rinpoche
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    2 yearss ago
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    2 yearss ago
    This dog thanks his hero in such a touching way. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Join Tsem Rinpoche in prayer for H.H. Dalai Lama’s long life~ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYy7JcveikU&feature=youtu.be
    2 yearss ago
    Join Tsem Rinpoche in prayer for H.H. Dalai Lama’s long life~ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYy7JcveikU&feature=youtu.be
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    2 yearss ago
    These people going on pilgrimage to a holy mountain and prostrating out of devotion and for pilgrimage in Tibet. Such determination for spiritual practice. Tsem Rinpoche
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  • Get ready to laugh real hard. This is Kechara’s version of “Whatever Happened to Baby Jane!” We have some real talents in this video clip.
    2 yearss ago
    Get ready to laugh real hard. This is Kechara’s version of “Whatever Happened to Baby Jane!” We have some real talents in this video clip.
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    2 yearss ago
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    2 yearss ago
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    2 yearss ago
    My little monster cute babies Dharma and Oser. Take a look and get a cute attack for the day! Tsem Rinpoche
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    2 yearss ago
    Plse watch this short video and see how all sentient beings are capable of tenderness and love. We should never hurt animals nor should we eat them. Tsem Rinpoche
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ASK A PASTOR


Ask the Pastors

A section for you to clarify your Dharma questions with Kechara’s esteemed pastors.

Just post your name and your question below and one of our pastors will provide you with an answer.

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CHAT PICTURES

#KFBBentong: Ready for some exciting news? We are now at RM154,523.94 - surpassing the funds required for our Pahang food bank operations! Thank you to all who kindly donated, we are deeply moved by your care and generosity towards the less fortunate struggling in our midst. To make our shared goal to continue #helpingthepoor a reality, we are now eagerly looking for suitable premises in Bentong. We will update soon on our progress, so stay tuned! #kecharafoodbank #foodaid #bantuan #kitajagakita #hungerknowsnobarriers #endhunger #charity #ngomalaysia #Pahang - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
3 weeks ago
#KFBBentong: Ready for some exciting news? We are now at RM154,523.94 - surpassing the funds required for our Pahang food bank operations! Thank you to all who kindly donated, we are deeply moved by your care and generosity towards the less fortunate struggling in our midst. To make our shared goal to continue #helpingthepoor a reality, we are now eagerly looking for suitable premises in Bentong. We will update soon on our progress, so stay tuned! #kecharafoodbank #foodaid #bantuan #kitajagakita #hungerknowsnobarriers #endhunger #charity #ngomalaysia #Pahang - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
Fwd: 12 minute Affiliate Multiple Ways to Earn Commissions
4 weeks ago
Fwd: 12 minute Affiliate Multiple Ways to Earn Commissions
#kecharafoodbank: In collaboration with Good Shepherd Services (GSS) based in Ipoh, we travelled to Buntong with food rations for 33 families. Some of the food items given include rice, noodles, cooking oil and biscuits; in total, we gave 726kg of food to these beneficiaries from the underprivileged class. We are glad to have been able to contribute, especially to families with children and in poor living conditions. We wish to thank GSS for alerting us about those in need, and we look forward to extending more support in the future together with this not-for-profit organization doing good work. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
2 months ago
#kecharafoodbank: In collaboration with Good Shepherd Services (GSS) based in Ipoh, we travelled to Buntong with food rations for 33 families. Some of the food items given include rice, noodles, cooking oil and biscuits; in total, we gave 726kg of food to these beneficiaries from the underprivileged class. We are glad to have been able to contribute, especially to families with children and in poor living conditions. We wish to thank GSS for alerting us about those in need, and we look forward to extending more support in the future together with this not-for-profit organization doing good work. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
In an urgent effort to provide food and necessities to the poverty-stricken in Bentong and rural areas of Pahang, we are launching Food Bank Bentong. With your support, Food Bank Bentong would be able to feed 500 families totaling 2,300 people on a regular basis, giving them a chance to enjoy a basic sense of security we consider a human right. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
2 months ago
In an urgent effort to provide food and necessities to the poverty-stricken in Bentong and rural areas of Pahang, we are launching Food Bank Bentong. With your support, Food Bank Bentong would be able to feed 500 families totaling 2,300 people on a regular basis, giving them a chance to enjoy a basic sense of security we consider a human right. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
Kechara Sunday Dharma School Online Teaching Every Sunday Morning 11am class - KSDS Jayce Goh
3 months ago
Kechara Sunday Dharma School Online Teaching Every Sunday Morning 11am class - KSDS Jayce Goh
Re: Kechara Sunday Dharma School Online Teaching Every Sunday Morning 11am class, students attend Pastor Shin Class happily - KSDS Jayce Goh
3 months ago
Re: Kechara Sunday Dharma School Online Teaching Every Sunday Morning 11am class, students attend Pastor Shin Class happily - KSDS Jayce Goh
Update on Empowerment cookies, special holiday packaging. The bakers are most grateful for the overwhelming support of 834 tubs ordered, with a big order of 314 tubs from a group of friends. Thank you to those cookie lovers who couldn’t get enough of it. Watch out for the next update. Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
4 months ago
Update on Empowerment cookies, special holiday packaging. The bakers are most grateful for the overwhelming support of 834 tubs ordered, with a big order of 314 tubs from a group of friends. Thank you to those cookie lovers who couldn’t get enough of it. Watch out for the next update. Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
Thank you, generous and kind donors, made possible by Alice Smith School's Official Site through their Build Kindness Campaign. The whooping amount of RM63,000 will provide much needed food to 25 poor families for the next 12 months. On behalf of these families, thank you! Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
4 months ago
Thank you, generous and kind donors, made possible by Alice Smith School's Official Site through their Build Kindness Campaign. The whooping amount of RM63,000 will provide much needed food to 25 poor families for the next 12 months. On behalf of these families, thank you! Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
The global pandemic hasn't been easy for all of us. Some find it diffucult to find a job to support the family. Despite that, we are still delivering basic food pack to our recipients nationwide. Thank you to our volunteers, donors, and sponsors. Without your support, we would be unable to reach out to many families. Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
4 months ago
The global pandemic hasn't been easy for all of us. Some find it diffucult to find a job to support the family. Despite that, we are still delivering basic food pack to our recipients nationwide. Thank you to our volunteers, donors, and sponsors. Without your support, we would be unable to reach out to many families. Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
Thanks to Yap Optometry for gifting Robert a new pair of glasses to see better. We wish him many clear and bright days ahead. Thank you to all sponsors. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
6 months ago
Thanks to Yap Optometry for gifting Robert a new pair of glasses to see better. We wish him many clear and bright days ahead. Thank you to all sponsors. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
Donation received to date: RM33,468.00 Yes! We've achieved the target for the #TamanNegara project. Fundraising is closed for this project. Thank you to all donors, 113 Orang Asli families will benefit from it. Stay tuned! #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment #kecharasoupkitchen - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
6 months ago
Donation received to date: RM33,468.00 Yes! We've achieved the target for the #TamanNegara project. Fundraising is closed for this project. Thank you to all donors, 113 Orang Asli families will benefit from it. Stay tuned! #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment #kecharasoupkitchen - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
FRESHLY BAKED by Kechara Empowerment trainees - Chocolate Chip Butter Cookies - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
6 months ago
FRESHLY BAKED by Kechara Empowerment trainees - Chocolate Chip Butter Cookies - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
In memory of Wilson Lee, one of our most dedicated volunteers in Penang. Our heartfelt condolences to Wilson's wife, Tze Ling, family and friends. Our thoughts are with them for their loss. Thank you for your kindness and service to KSK Penang. From all of us in KSK.
6 months ago
In memory of Wilson Lee, one of our most dedicated volunteers in Penang. Our heartfelt condolences to Wilson's wife, Tze Ling, family and friends. Our thoughts are with them for their loss. Thank you for your kindness and service to KSK Penang. From all of us in KSK.
Last weekend a Soup Kitchen activities @ Penang, Johor & Kuala Lumpur. Hot food, water, masks, biscuits, buns & fruits. This is what we give out to our friends living on the streets. Thank you to our sponsor & volunteers that make it happen. Come spread more love by being a volunteer at our activities. WhatsApp us today at 010-333-3260! See you soon! #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment #kecharasoupkitchen - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
7 months ago
Last weekend a Soup Kitchen activities @ Penang, Johor & Kuala Lumpur. Hot food, water, masks, biscuits, buns & fruits. This is what we give out to our friends living on the streets. Thank you to our sponsor & volunteers that make it happen. Come spread more love by being a volunteer at our activities. WhatsApp us today at 010-333-3260! See you soon! #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment #kecharasoupkitchen - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
Fwd: Dear Sotha
7 months ago
Fwd: Dear Sotha
Kechara Earth Project 13/9/2020
8 months ago
Kechara Earth Project 13/9/2020
Thank you Domino's Pizza Malaysia, Kasih & Piza campaign for sponsoring 85 boxes of pizza to our friends who live on the streets. Your flavourful pizzas have put a smile on their faces. Thank you! - Vivan @ Kechara Soup Kitchen #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment #kecharasoupkitchen #KasihdanPiza #ItsAllAboutYou
8 months ago
Thank you Domino's Pizza Malaysia, Kasih & Piza campaign for sponsoring 85 boxes of pizza to our friends who live on the streets. Your flavourful pizzas have put a smile on their faces. Thank you! - Vivan @ Kechara Soup Kitchen #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment #kecharasoupkitchen #KasihdanPiza #ItsAllAboutYou
Thank you Novo Nordisk! Your kind monetary donation and 1,320 boxes of masks will benefit many needy families under the Kechara Food Bank Program. Thank you! Much love from the needy families  ~ Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment #kecharasoupkitchen #novonordisk #novonordiskmalaysia
8 months ago
Thank you Novo Nordisk! Your kind monetary donation and 1,320 boxes of masks will benefit many needy families under the Kechara Food Bank Program. Thank you! Much love from the needy families ~ Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment #kecharasoupkitchen #novonordisk #novonordiskmalaysia
We were graced with the presence of Tengku Zatashah & The Alice Smith School Foundation yesterday. 130 homeless were blessed to be served by them. RM 20,000 donated by Alice Smith School Foundation will benefit 100 families registered under Kechara Food Bank Program. Thank you! Much love from the needy families ~ Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment #kecharasoupkitchen #alicesmithschoolfoundation #alicesmithschool #volunteerism #homeless
8 months ago
We were graced with the presence of Tengku Zatashah & The Alice Smith School Foundation yesterday. 130 homeless were blessed to be served by them. RM 20,000 donated by Alice Smith School Foundation will benefit 100 families registered under Kechara Food Bank Program. Thank you! Much love from the needy families ~ Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment #kecharasoupkitchen #alicesmithschoolfoundation #alicesmithschool #volunteerism #homeless
Thanks to the effort of our outstation team, we were able to mobilise food provisions to 600 families living in Kelantan, Penang, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka and Johor during the Raya period with each of these families receiving RM200 worth of provisions. Adding onto the current 368 families in Klang Valley, a total of 968 families were benefitted from this. Special thanks to the sponsors who have contributed especially Hong Leong Foundation and partially from Tesco Malaysia (where we also ordered the provisions from). ~ Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
10 months ago
Thanks to the effort of our outstation team, we were able to mobilise food provisions to 600 families living in Kelantan, Penang, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka and Johor during the Raya period with each of these families receiving RM200 worth of provisions. Adding onto the current 368 families in Klang Valley, a total of 968 families were benefitted from this. Special thanks to the sponsors who have contributed especially Hong Leong Foundation and partially from Tesco Malaysia (where we also ordered the provisions from). ~ Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
So glad that our soup kitchen operations are back in full swing. Good to see the clients are observing the SOPs. Some of them lost their job during MCO and ended up on the streets. Special thanks to our sponsors and volunteers for the great support! - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
11 months ago
So glad that our soup kitchen operations are back in full swing. Good to see the clients are observing the SOPs. Some of them lost their job during MCO and ended up on the streets. Special thanks to our sponsors and volunteers for the great support! - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
From serving cooked food to the homeless clients on the streets to mobilising provisions to the needy individuals in PPRs and shelters, we thank everyone of our Johor Bahru team for their kind contributions and effort to make it for the needy despite all the challenges! - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
11 months ago
From serving cooked food to the homeless clients on the streets to mobilising provisions to the needy individuals in PPRs and shelters, we thank everyone of our Johor Bahru team for their kind contributions and effort to make it for the needy despite all the challenges! - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
More photos taken from our "Hari Raya Hampers" distribution this week. Making sure everyone of our clients have something to be cheerful about. Apart from food, daily used items such as hygiene products, kitchen utensils, assorted fabric items, stationary items and toys were also included into our hamper bags making it extra heavier this month! Food items alone were about 35kg per family! Taking this opportunity to wish everyone of our Muslim volunteers, friends, supporters and clients a Selamat Hari Raya Aidilfitri and Maaf Zahir Batin. No doubt this year's celebration will be very different but appreciate everyone is safe and protected from the pandemic. We are in this together and let's work to fight this pandemic together! Thanking all sponsors and donors for the generous support enabling us to continue serve the needy with food, love and care. Big shoutout too to our wonderful team which already depleted by our very own strict SOP. All of you who worked tirelessly behind the s
11 months ago
More photos taken from our "Hari Raya Hampers" distribution this week. Making sure everyone of our clients have something to be cheerful about. Apart from food, daily used items such as hygiene products, kitchen utensils, assorted fabric items, stationary items and toys were also included into our hamper bags making it extra heavier this month! Food items alone were about 35kg per family! Taking this opportunity to wish everyone of our Muslim volunteers, friends, supporters and clients a Selamat Hari Raya Aidilfitri and Maaf Zahir Batin. No doubt this year's celebration will be very different but appreciate everyone is safe and protected from the pandemic. We are in this together and let's work to fight this pandemic together! Thanking all sponsors and donors for the generous support enabling us to continue serve the needy with food, love and care. Big shoutout too to our wonderful team which already depleted by our very own strict SOP. All of you who worked tirelessly behind the s
Our team have been working extra hours for the past few weeks to deliver provisions and hamper goodies to the needy families before Hari Raya! Heart warming to see the smiling faces of our recipients upon receiving 3 bags full of food and daily used items. Thanks to everyone of you who have contributed to our foodbank enabling us to give all our recipients (especially those celebrating) a Raya to remember! - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
11 months ago
Our team have been working extra hours for the past few weeks to deliver provisions and hamper goodies to the needy families before Hari Raya! Heart warming to see the smiling faces of our recipients upon receiving 3 bags full of food and daily used items. Thanks to everyone of you who have contributed to our foodbank enabling us to give all our recipients (especially those celebrating) a Raya to remember! - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
Thankful to all donors and those who have been committed in contributing not just money but time over the past testing weeks to help us ease the work of our frontliners and also the livelihood of the needy, their struggles over this pandemic period seemed a little easier to bear with because of your contributions! - Vivian @Kechara Soup Kitchen
11 months ago
Thankful to all donors and those who have been committed in contributing not just money but time over the past testing weeks to help us ease the work of our frontliners and also the livelihood of the needy, their struggles over this pandemic period seemed a little easier to bear with because of your contributions! - Vivian @Kechara Soup Kitchen
KSDS Level 2 virtual class, Lin Mun KSDS
12 months ago
KSDS Level 2 virtual class, Lin Mun KSDS
KSDS Level 3 virtual class. Lin Mun KSDS
12 months ago
KSDS Level 3 virtual class. Lin Mun KSDS
Wesak 2020
12 months ago
Wesak 2020
Recycle today for a better tomorrow. KEP-Serena
1 years ago
Recycle today for a better tomorrow. KEP-Serena
Today we are having recycling at Kechara Soup Kitchen. Do drop by here if you would like to get ride of the recyclable items from home. KEP - Serena
1 years ago
Today we are having recycling at Kechara Soup Kitchen. Do drop by here if you would like to get ride of the recyclable items from home. KEP - Serena
Highlights from the Shize Peaceful Fire Puja: Seen here is Bam, Vajrayogini’s seed syllable and also Kechara's logo. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
1 years ago
Highlights from the Shize Peaceful Fire Puja: Seen here is Bam, Vajrayogini’s seed syllable and also Kechara's logo. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
Highlights from the Shize Peaceful Fire Puja: More melted butter was offered. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
1 years ago
Highlights from the Shize Peaceful Fire Puja: More melted butter was offered. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
H.E. Zawa Rinpoche in deep concentration. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
1 years ago
H.E. Zawa Rinpoche in deep concentration. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
Geshela is seen here wearing ceremonial hat called tsoksha. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
1 years ago
Geshela is seen here wearing ceremonial hat called tsoksha. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
The Shize Fire Puja was performed according to scriptural sources. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
1 years ago
The Shize Fire Puja was performed according to scriptural sources. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
To find out more about the substances offered during jinsek/fire puja, have a read here: http://bit.ly/WhatIsFirePuja - shared by Pastor Antoinette
1 years ago
To find out more about the substances offered during jinsek/fire puja, have a read here: http://bit.ly/WhatIsFirePuja - shared by Pastor Antoinette
More about the symbolism of the offering items here: http://bit.ly/WhatIsFirePuja - shared by Pastor Antoinette
1 years ago
More about the symbolism of the offering items here: http://bit.ly/WhatIsFirePuja - shared by Pastor Antoinette
Amongst all pujas, the fire puja is considered the king of all Pujas. It is the most powerful of all pujas within Tibetan Buddhism and its purpose is basically to remove all obstacles and its stains to enlightenment.
1 years ago
Amongst all pujas, the fire puja is considered the king of all Pujas. It is the most powerful of all pujas within Tibetan Buddhism and its purpose is basically to remove all obstacles and its stains to enlightenment.
Highlights from the Shize Peaceful Fire Puja: Graceful hand mudras were also part of the ritual. - shared Pastor Antoinette
1 years ago
Highlights from the Shize Peaceful Fire Puja: Graceful hand mudras were also part of the ritual. - shared Pastor Antoinette
Highlights from the Shize Peaceful Fire Puja: One by one the offering substances were offered accompanied by traditional Tibetan recitations. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
1 years ago
Highlights from the Shize Peaceful Fire Puja: One by one the offering substances were offered accompanied by traditional Tibetan recitations. - shared by Pastor Antoinette
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