At Turpan, Xinjiang
Toyuq is an Islamic pilgrimage center, located about 25km east of Gaochang at the base of the Flaming Mountains (Huoyan Shan). Shrines in the locality honor the first Uighur ruler to convert to Islam, as well as depict a local version of the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus. The photo in the left background is the village’s main mosque (green roof and dome). As raisins are one of the major products of the region, the building with pierced walls that is used for drying grapes to make raisins as shown in the foreground (photo right) can be seen virtually everywhere here.
Below are some featured carvings and statues in Toyuq cave:
[Images and captions extracted from: http://www.art-and-archaeology.com/china/turpan/ty02.html]
Toyuq Buddhist Caves
The Buddhist grottoes at Toyuq date from the fifth to the tenth centuries AD when the Uighurs converted to Islam. The river, winding down from the mountains, would have provided water and greenery to sustain the resident monks.
Ceiling, Cave 41
The ceiling of this early cave consists of a square apex, now destroyed, trapezoidal ceiling panels with standing Buddhas, and Thousand-Buddha motifs in alternating square and oval cartouches on the walls below. The tall Buddhas stand upon oval shapes, and are sheltered beneath honorific umbrellas; their bodies are surrounded by halo-mandorlas.
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