The Collected Works of H.H Pabongka Rinpoche

Jun 1, 2017 | Views: 3,885

gdpt005

(By Tsem Rinpoche)

Over the decades, you have had various teachers and various individuals and practitioners who really promote, complement, and establish and, at the same time, kind of ‘market’ their particular practice, yidam, lineage, protector, guru, monastery, and meditations. When someone promotes their meditations, or their lineage, or their practice, or whatever they are promoting, you have to look at it with an open mind. Just because they promote something that has been beneficial for them or someone they know, it does not mean they are sectarian or against other things. So, if someone practises, for example, Tara and they promote Tara, they talk about Tara, they explain Tara, they always relate to Tara, and they share and encourage Tara practice with others, does that mean that they are against other Buddhas? It just means that they have a particular attraction to Tara. Similarly, you have the lineage heads, like the Gaden Tripas of the Gelugpas. The Gaden Tripas only teach the doctrines of Lama Tsongkhapa, only teach the practice of Lama Tsongkhapa, and only give transmissions, initiations, and commentaries that are from Lama Tsongkhapa or related masters. So does that mean the Gaden Tripa is sectarian? No, he is the upholder of the Gelugpa tradition. He is the head of the lineage, so of course he is going to promote that. But if he promotes that, would you say that he is sectarian? Are all the 103 Gaden Tripas who have done nothing but promote Lama Tsongkhapa’s lineage for the 600-year history of the Gaden Tripa institution sectarian? That would simply be illogical, wouldn’t it?

Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche was a great meditator, here we see see his stunning hermitage outside of Lhasa, Tibet. Click to enlarge

So if someone loved their country of Japan and they only talked about Japan, does that mean that this person excludes every other country, because we read into this person’s actions that they view all other countries as inferior? Of course not. In Tibetan Buddhism you have the heads of each lineage. For example, the head of the Gelugpas is the Gaden Tripa, the head of the Drikung Kagyupas is the Drikung Gyabgon Rinpoche, the head of the Karma Kagyus is the Karmapa, the head of the Nyingmas switches between high-ranking Rinpoches, and the head of the Sakyas is the Sakya Trizin. As heads of their respective lineage, they promote their lineage’s teachings. For example the Sakya Trizin promotes the Sakya teachings, teaches you the superiority of the 13 Golden Dharmas of the Sakyas, and always highlights the Sakya refuge tree, the Sakya practice, the Sakya commentaries, and everything Sakya. But as Sakya Trizin, the head of the Sakyas promoting the Sakya lineage, does that mean he is biased, schismatic or sectarian against other sects? Of course not.

Similarly, you have great lamas of the Gelugpa practices, such as Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche himself, who had thousands of students from Central Tibet and also Kham; and who had hundreds of students that were high lamas, who became very prominent figures in the religious and political scenes; and also government servants, and nobles and aristocrats, and the very wealthy. Given that he had so many students and thousands attended his teachings in Tibet, naturally there was going to be some jealousy.

Naturally, there was going to be some people who became angry and there was going to be some fault-picking. No matter how much of a perfect teacher you are, there is always going to be someone out there who doesn’t see that, and that will speak up and say something. That is the way the world operates. So for many decades, Pabongka Rinpoche has been falsely accused of being sectarian. And when he is so-called ‘sectarian’, it infers he is against the other sects. But there is no evidence anywhere, from any of his main disciples, his older disciples or any renegade groups that have formed because of his views, which would justify the unfair commentaries against him, labelling him as sectarian. And we can pretty much conclude that it comes down to, more or less, jealousy, envy, and just what famous and very well-known people have to endure, past, present and in the future. That’s what people have to endure.

In fact, Pabongka Rinpoche was often heard, for example as recounted in Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand, saying that if you were to disparage any other form of Buddhism, any other school, lineage or practice, it is equivalent to killing 1,000 Buddhas. Of course, it is not possible to kill even one Buddha, because they do not have the karma to be killed, but if it was possible the karmic repercussions would be very heavy. And it would be really damaging for the person committing the act. So speaking badly about any other form of Buddhism is equivalent to killing 1,000 Buddhas. By him saying that, he is discouraging people who practise the mind training teachings, which are very well set out in Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand, from being sectarian. He does not encourage sectarianism at all. Therefore, those types of accusations against him are definitely based on his growing and massive popularity.

Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche's attainments are of the highest spiritual calibre. Here we see the self-arisen eye of Heruka at Pabongka Hermitage, a testament of his enlightened mind. Click to enlarge.

Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche’s attainments are of the highest spiritual calibre. Here we see the self-arisen eye of Heruka at Pabongka Hermitage, a testament of his enlightened mind. Click to enlarge.

Other people have said that Pabongka Rinpoche converted other temples to his lineage, and that he had ordered other temples of whatever non-Gelugpa sect to be destroyed or converted or changed. Actually that wasn’t Pabongka Rinpoche’s order or instruction at all. He did have fanatical students. He did have a fanatical manager who was well-known to be very gruff and very rough, and also would do things to promote his lama albeit sometimes in a way that wasn’t very pleasant. He was known for that. Gelek Rinpoche cites that in his commentaries. Basically the assistant did things without the knowledge of the lama, and the lama had to bear the consequences of that, which was, and for some misinformed people still is, a bad name. And people were very afraid, and out of respect for Pabongka Rinpoche they kept quiet about his main manager. This was because his main manager was known to go and slap people who fell asleep during teachings, or was very rough and rude in his mannerisms. People just tolerated him. It is said that it was this manager that used to go around Kham and bully temples and people. So unfortunately it was not Pabongka Rinpoche’s instruction at all, but the blame came to Pabongka Rinpoche.

Joona Repo in his Phabongka Dechen Nyingpo: His Collected Works and the Guru-Deity-Protector Triad talks about the issues surrounding Pabongka Rinpoche. On Page 6 and 7 of his work, he states that there was indeed some discord, that there were some accusations of sectarianism. But what I like about what Repo is saying is that he is not taking sides, he is presenting the information and he is letting us come to our own conclusion. His information is very unbiased and very straightforward, although he quotes from other sources that may seem a little biased. But it is the same in any human interaction. There are going to be people who are biased, there are going to be people who are pro and against. That is the way the ball bounces. But definitely Pabongka Rinpoche was not sectarian at all.

Overall, his work is a very interesting commentary. On Page 10, you can see his section on the collected works of Pabongka Rinpoche. There are 11 large volumes of extensive writing and if you go towards the end of his work, which is around Page 43 and onwards, you will see a list of the 11 volumes of work that Pabongka Rinpoche composed, and each chapter, which is incredible. He wrote extensively on Vajrayogini and after Vajrayogini, he wrote extensively on Heruka and Yamantaka practices, and many, many other practices. So in between his teaching schedule, his retreats, his meditations, his travels to give teachings at the request of many monasteries, and also being the root lama of very many high lamas such as Taktra Rinpoche, Trijang Rinpoche and Ling Rinpoche, he also found time to pen down so many incredible works and writings that equal to 11 volumes if following the Delhi edition, 12 volumes if following the Lhasa edition. The last volume of the Lhasa edition was misplaced so it wasn’t carried into India. But whatever it is, either 11 or 12, it is a lot. And they are very extensive.

An exquisite old thangka of Heruka Cakrasamvara along with the four main dakinis of his entourage.

An exquisite old thangka of Heruka Cakrasamvara along with the four main dakinis of his entourage. Click to enlarge.

Pabongka Rinpoche’s work is seminal and it’s incredible that a “slow”, “not very bright”, “second rate” Lingse Geshe can come out with all these writings. Because, as you know, when Pabongka Rinpoche was in the monastery, no one had hope that he would amount to anything. He was considered very slow and not very bright; he didn’t get the teachings and he never received a Geshe Lharampa degree, he got a Lingse degree. Lingse is just a degree because you passed, it is not because you did well. You just have to graduate because you have finished your term. Nobody thought highly of him, no one looked at him, and he wasn’t even high ranking. For someone that was not high ranking, for whom no one had hopes for and was not backed up by much, and also did not do well in his studies (it seems), he came out to be the lama of all lamas. And he came out with 11 volumes. That just shows you his incredible qualities.

If you look at the breakdown of each of the 11 volumes, at the kind of works he wrote, some are just incredible, and many are tantric in nature. But you have to understand, if it is tantric in nature, you have to understand the sutras very well to be able to understand the tantras. After all, they are interconnected, and the sutras are the basis of tantras. Without sutric understanding, tantric understanding would be very much stifled. So to see his writings on tantra and so extensive, especially on more of the subtle meditations of Heruka, Yamantaka, and Vajrayogini’s practice, would tell you that he has an extensive, if not attained, grasping of the subject matter. And what I mean by attained is someone writing from having reaped results from the meditation and commentating on the existing works on those deities to further elucidate what has already been written, so that future practitioners will have an easier path, and easier go at it.

It says on Page 12 that he has written extensively on Heruka, whose other name is Chakrasamvara. It also says he has written extensively on the solitary practice of Vajrayogini Naro Kacho, or Naro Kechari. He has written their abbreviated sadhanas, the ganachakra texts (tsok), the self-entry ritual (daju), the burning offering (jinsek) and, incredibly, the transference of consciousness instructions, which is how to transfer our consciousness into Kechara Paradise at the time of death. It says clearly that Pabongka Rinpoche wrote many individual texts on Vajrayogini, more than any other deity, although Yamantaka and Chakrasamvara, or Heruka, comes in at a close second. So that would tell how Pabongka Rinpoche’s heart was very close to the Vajrayogini practice. And at the same time, how he would leave these writings for future generations, which would denote his emphasis on the practice of Vajrayogini and its efficacy. Because if this practice was not efficacious or beneficial, or if we were running out of the karma for it to benefit us, then he would not writing so extensively on such a practice.

After all, it is considered by the greatest scholars of his day that Vajrayogini practice was one of the heart and secret practices of Lord Tsongkhapa himself. It is very beautiful because Pabongka Rinpoche himself, in his 11 volumes of his works and writings, focused very much on Vajrayogini first and secondly on Heruka Chakrasamvara and Yamantaka, while his heart disciple, Trijang Rinpoche, in his own collected works wrote predominantly and very much on the Cittamani Tara set of teachings. And that was very complementary.

Particular to note, it says on Page 23:

“Another text that does not appear to have been included in the original Lhasa edition of the Collected Works, its later reproductions and reprints, the Delhi Supplement, or the Potala edition, is a new initiation ritual manual composed by Phabongkha for the Thirteen Pure Visions of Tagphu (stag phu’I dag snang bcu gsum), also known as the Thirteen Secret Dharmas (gsang chos bcu gsum) or Thirteen Secret Visions (dag snang gsang ba bcu gsum). These “Thirteen Secret Dharmas” refer to a cycle of visionary teachings originating from Tagphu Tulku Lobsang Chokyi Wangchuk (stag phu sprul sku blo bzang chos kyi dbang phyug, 1765 – c.1792) and transmitted through his incarnation lineage, down to Tagphu Pemavajra and from him to Phabongkha. The cycle contains practices of deities such as Amitayus, Vajravarahi, Hayagriva, Avoliteshvara and, most importantly, Cittamani Tara”

– Joona Repo, “Phabongkha Dechen Nyingpo: His Collected Works and the Guru-Deity-Protector Triad”, Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, no. 33, October 2015, p.23.

So it’s very interesting that Pabongka had written about these 13 great visions, which is extremely rare. Mind you, Tagpu Rinpoche was not considered a scholar, not very learned, not highly sought after, and not a high-ranking lama in any way. Yet, he had constant or consistent visions of Tara and he was moist with the practice of meditation. He was able to compose great teachings from his visions that were passed down to Pabongka Rinpoche, and from Pabongka Rinpoche to his disciples. From there it totally pervaded the Gelugpa world. What is interesting is that the teachings that are very pervasive in the Gelugpa world that came from the 13 Pure Visions of Tagpu Rinpoche do not stem from Tsongkhapa, and do not stem from the historical Buddha. Yet, the teachings are placed on the level of those taught by Tsongkhapa and Buddha. For example, the Cittamani Tara Anuttarayoga Tantra set of teachings, practice, meditations, and path are very, very highly regarded within the Gelugpa school of Buddhism. They are highly practised and promoted within the Gelugpa. And many of the senior monks of Gaden, Sera and Drepung Monasteries would have had the initiation of Cittamani Tara, which originally came from the vision of Tagpu Rinpoche, who was actually just a normal lama in a small village, who really was not a scholar or well-known for anything. But, you can see that within the Gelugpa school of Buddhism, there are people who are regarded to have true visions. What comes to such masters in visions are highly regarded, and practised because they bear results over time.

As it says on Page 25:

“Shugden, as is obvious from the epithets that Phabongkha used in relation to the deity: “Protector of Lord Manjushri [Tsongkhapa’s] Teachings (‘jam mgon bstan srung)” and “Protector of the Virtuous [Gelug] Teachings (dge ldan bstan srung)”, was indeed considered by Phabongkha as an important protector of the Gelug tradition. Without Phabongkha’s efforts and writings based on the revelation of the cycle by Tagpu Permavajra, the cult of the deity would most likely not have become widespread as it is today. Yet, based on what we can deduce from his Collected Works, did Phabongkha lead a “charismatic movement”, or similar, centred on Shugden, Vajrayogini and himself as a sacred triad of esoteric Gelug doctrine, as Donald Lopez suggests?”

– Joona Repo, “Phabongkha Dechen Nyingpo: His Collected Works and the Guru-Deity-Protector Triad”, Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, no. 33, October 2015, p.25.

Now, what it is saying here is the epithets that Pabongka Rinpoche used in his writings on Dorje Shugden kind of tells you his feelings on Dorje Shugden. And the epithets are, for example, ‘Jamgon Tensung’ in Tibetan which means ‘Protector of the Virtuous Teachings’ or ‘Protector of the Virtuous Gelug Teachings.’ And that is a very high epithet that you would give to a so-called ‘worldly’ protector. So therefore the label or the honourific title that Pabongka Rinpoche attached to Dorje Shugden’s name tells you very clearly how he felt about Dorje Shugden. To Pabongka Rinpoche, Dorje Shugden was not an ordinary or lowly protector and at the same time in that way, we shouldn’t think that it is because of Pabongka Rinpoche that Dorje Shugden became very big. That is a misunderstanding. Dorje Shugden was already big before Pabongka Rinpoche’s time and it was practised widely, even within the Sakyas, and disseminated within the Sakyas, among the few throneholders who very much promoted Dorje Shugden’s practice. Pabongka Rinpoche didn’t promote Dorje Shugden because in his 11 volumes, he only had a few writings on Dorje Shugden, perhaps because there was a lot of work out on Dorje Shugden already. But having said that, whatever he did write and the titles he accorded to Dorje Shugden would tell you the deep respect he had for this deity, due to observation, reading, study, writing and perhaps the visions of his lama. Perhaps it was his lama who told him the nature of Dorje Shugden. As we know, Tagpu Rinpoche went to Gaden Heaven directly to receive the lineage of Dorje Shugden from Duldzin Drakpa Gyeltsen and Tsongkhapa themselves. So this is a very important point to remember. If the Gelug world can accept the Cittamani teachings of this lama that arose from his visions of Tara, why can’t everyone accept the teachings and lineage of Dorje Shugden that arose from the same lama and his visions when in Tushita heaven? After all, the Cittamani lineage and teachings are practiced by the most highest Gelug lamas if not all, and this teaching did not arise from Tsongkhapa or the historical Buddha Shakyamuni. Cittamani arose from Tagpu Rinpoche’s visions. So the teachings within the Gelug lineage do not all need to arise from Tsongkhapa or the historical Buddha directly. This is just like in the Nyingma lineages, who have many teachings that arose from hidden treasures (termas) that were found by leading Nyingma masters but not necessarily directly from the historical Buddha.

Pabongka Rinpoche’s holy Vajrayogini statue inside his retreat cave. Click to enlarge.

Page 27 is very interesting because you have a great scholar by the name of Tuken Lobsang Chokyi Nyima who lived, according to Repo, between 1737 and 1802. This scholar had written life-entrustment rituals for the five forms of Pehar, which is Nechung. And in this he describes that they are manifestations of Hayagriva. The funny thing is, when a protector is worldly, they give you a life-entrustment or sogtae, and when a protector is enlightened, they give you an initiation into the deity. So the distinction here is between worldly forms, which entail life-entrustment, and enlightened forms, which entail initiation. For example, when you do the practice of Four-Faced Mahakala (Caturmukha) who is in enlightened form, they give you initiation. But when you do Setrap, the Five Sisters, the Five Pehar Gyalpos or Dorje Shugden, it is life-entrustment. So life-entrustment would denote that they are in worldly form, and initiation would denote that they are in enlightened form. Having said that, Trijang Rinpoche said that the Five Gyalpos are the forms of the Five Dhyani Buddhas, and the scholar Tuken Lobsang Chokyi Nyima said that Pehar is actually an emanation of Hayagriva. It is generally believed that Setrap is an emanation of Buddha Amitabha, still practised by Gaden Shartse Monastery up till today. What is interesting is to say that based on the fact that Dorje Shugden has a life-entrustment ritual (rather than an initiation) proves him to be an unenlightened worldly deity is false, because the five forms of Pehar also have a life-entrustment, the Five Sisters also have a life-entrustment, and Setrap also. Pehar, as we know, is the main protector of the Tibetan government and one of the protectors of the Dalai Lama. So are people saying that they are practising a worldly deity that is not enlightened? Therefore to use the fact that these protectors have life-entrustment rituals is not proof that these deities are worldly and not enlightened.

We can see that some people say that Vajrayogini was not very popular prior to Pabongka Rinpoche but that is not true. There is much evidence to show Vajrayogini being very pervasive within the Gelugpas and the Sakyas prior to Pabongka Rinpoche. Even the great Chinese Emperor Qinglong was known to have been initiated into the Vajrayogini and Chakrasamvara’s practices.

We can see on Page 30, according to Repo’s research:

“Vajrayogini, as has already been noted, was already a very popular deity amongst a number of highly influential eighteenth century scholars such as Tuken, who wrote on the practice extensively. More importantly it is clear from the works of these scholars that Vajrayogini was already considered by a number of leading teachers as the “un-common secret dharma hidden in the mind” of Tsongkhapa, i.e. his secret meditational deity.”

– Joona Repo, “Phabongkha Dechen Nyingpo: His Collected Works and the Guru-Deity-Protector Triad”, Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, no. 33, October 2015, p.30.

What this means is that Vajrayogini was one of Tsongkhapa’s main practices. He hid it from the public because the practice is so sacred and so sensitive that it required it to be hidden. Most tantric teachings, if not all, are required to be practised in secret. But Vajrayogini is secret among the secret. And the more secret you practise, the easier it is to gain the attainments.

It is definitely not Pabongka Rinpoche who elevated Vajrayogini and Dorje Shugden and made them popular, as people would like to say. But they were already popular prior to Pabongka Rinpoche’s writings and proliferation of these practices. Obviously, Pabongka Rinpoche proliferated these practices not for his personal gain, as he already had his practices; it was more for the benefit of his students and future students to come. You can read this carefully in Repo’s commentary on Page 31. Please take special note of that.

Pabongka Rinpoche’s personal practice, which he related to Ribur Rinpoche, for four hours a day, was the Guru Puja in conjunction with Chakrasamvara. This is the Guru Puja practice composed by the great 1st Panchen Lama, Lobsang Chokyi Gyeltsen. So Pabongka Rinpoche spent four hours a day engaging in Guru Yoga practice, which is in the Guru Puja. That was his main practice and his main daily meditation to gain attainments. That is listed on Page 36. This tells you something about Pabongka Rinpoche’s mind, that he was very devoted to his guru and through this devotion he gained very high accomplishments.

On Page 39 in Footnote 93, you can also see that His Holiness the great 10th Panchen Lama, Chokyi Gyeltsen, also composed a fulfilment ritual to Dorje Shugden. So not only did the 10th Panchen Lama practise Dorje Shugden but he also composed texts, adding to the growing amount of teachings available on this protector. Here, we are not talking about local small-town lamas; we are talking about one of the highest lamas of Tibet who was well-known to be very well-attained and scholastic, and who also not only practised Dorje Shugden but also composed texts.

So overall, the commentary given by Repo is very unbiased, from which we can learn a lot, and one that gives you insight into Pabongka Rinpoche. He writes in a manner that is not for or against, but very eye-opening, telling you the character of Pabongka Rinpoche. We can conclude Pabongka Rinpoche to be non-sectarian and very learned, and although outwardly he showed some sort of slow student syndrome, he produced the greatest teachers, the highest ranking lamas, the most influential lamas who were all his disciples. At the same time he came out with 11 volumes of extant teachings on various subjects. This is indeed a very interesting commentary to read by Joona Repo, and I highly recommend everyone to read it very carefully.

Tsem Rinpoche

There is a famous story of how Heruka actually appeared to Pabongka when he visited Cimburi in Tibet, where there is an image of Heruka. This is where the Blood drinker’s mountains are and this name refers to Heruka – Drinker of Blood. Apparently, Pabongka went to this place three times during his lifetime. When he first went there, this image spoke to him, opened its mouth and a tremendous amount of nectar came out. Pabongka collected the nectar from the mouth of Heruka while in the presence of sixty or seventy people. This nectar was then made into nectar pills. The Gelugpa’s current nectar pills originate from there. It is also stated that this very same cave in Cimburi where Pabongka received the nectar from the Heruka image was the place where Heruka promised him the following: “From now on, for the next seven generations, whoever practices my teaching, I will protect and help.”

 


 

Phabongkha Dechen Nyingpo: His Collected Works and the Guru-Deity-Protector Triad

His Holiness Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche is one of the greatest Tibetan Buddhist masters of the recent past. It is through his efforts in meditation, learning, and teaching that the core teachings of the Gelugpa tradition were preserved and passed down for future generations. There isn’t a Gelugpa master alive today, who is not connected to Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche in one way or another, such as belonging to either his sutric or tantric lineage, or having read or studied his many works.

Most famous for his experiential exposition of the Lam Rim, called Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand, Pabongka Rinpoche’s holy legacy has permeated the entire lineage. In the work presented below, Dr. Joona Repo, from the University of Helsinki, Finland, provides an academic view of the life of Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche, and the Buddhist ideal that the guru, yidam and protector are one and the same, working together so that the practitioner is able to gain spiritual attainments and ultimately, enlightenment. The article published in Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, a bi-annual journal published by Le Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (the National Centre of Scientific Research) in Paris, is particular noteworthy.

Given the current misconceptions about Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche due to the ban on Dorje Shugden and the ensuing controversy, Dr. Joona Repo seeks to provide a much broader perspectives of the teachings and practices that Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche held and taught through examining his Collected Works. It is through the Collected Works that we come to understand that the accusations against Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche being a revisionist of the Gelug tradition is false. In fact we come to understand that Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche upheld the already established beliefs, teachings and practices within the Gelug tradition. In doing so he was a great master who upheld the traditions stemming from Lama Tsongkhapa. Please enjoy reading this great article that sheds light and dispels the darkness of misconception.

Click here to download the PDF file.

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Credits: Joona Repo, http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_33.pdf

Back to Tabs

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Credits: Joona Repo, http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_33.pdf

Back to Tabs

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Credits: Joona Repo, http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_33.pdf

Back to Tabs

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Credits: Joona Repo, http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_33.pdf

Back to Tabs

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Credits: Joona Repo, http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_33.pdf

Back to Tabs

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Credits: Joona Repo, http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_33.pdf

Back to Tabs

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

Credits: Joona Repo, http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_33.pdf

Back to Tabs

Phabongkha Dechen Nyingpo:
His Collected Works
and the Guru-Deity-Protector Triad
[1]

Joona Repo
(University of Helsinki)

Fully complete mandala of love [Jampa (byams pa)] and compassion,
Crowning ornament of the holders of the teachings [Tenzin (bstan ‘dzin)],
the source of bliss, The manifestation of your activities [Trinle (‘phrin las)] pervades the earth,
[You are the] lord of an all-pervading ocean [Gyatso (rgya mtsho)] of victors![2]

The above verse, which in the Tibetan weaves within it the names of the teacher it praises, Phabongkha Jampa Tenzin Trinle Gyatso (byams pa bstan ‘dzin ‘phrin las rgya mtsho, 1878-1941), also known as Dechen Nyingpo (bde chen snying po), are attributed to Gendun Choephel (dge ‘dun chos ‘phel, 1903-1951). The praise (bstod bsngags) was composed as an inscription (rgyab yig) to a drawing that Gendun Choepel made of the teacher, and demonstrates the high esteem in which Phabongkha was once held by one of the most forward-thinking Tibetan figures of the early twentieth century. The writings of Phabongkha contained within his Collected Works (gsung ‘bum) are today widely available in eleven volumes, together with a supplementary volume. The subjects of Phabongkha’s writings, and of his immediate teachers and students are diverse, reflecting both the conservative continuation of Tsongkhapa’s (tsong kha pa, 1357-1419) Gelug (dge lugs) tradition as well as a unique development of the same. Central to his teachings and writings were those of the Stages of the Path (lam rim) genre exemplified by his most famous teaching, Liberation in Your Hand (rnam grol lag bcangs)[11.1].[3] These were then supplemented at more advanced levels by tantric practices, which form the bulk of Phabongkha’s Collected Works, with an emphasis on the secret teachings of the Gelug tradition’s orally transmitted Ganden Hearing Lineage (dga ldan snyan brgyu), as well as a number of newer revealed teachings, or “pure visions” (dag snang).

Phabongkha is undoubtedly a highly contested and perhaps often misunderstood historical figure. As an important lineage holder of the Dorje Shugden (rdo rje shugs ldan)-cycle of teachings within the Gelug tradition, he has been reviled as a sectarian spirit-worshipper by some and lauded as a pivotal guardian and interpreter of Tsongkhapa’s lineage by others. The controversy surrounding the deity, who has today been abandoned by most Gelugpas, has already been documented in several important seminal studies by scholars such as Georges Dreyfus and Donald Lopez and thus this article will not touch upon these contemporary issues and developments.[4] Numerous publications produced by both sides of the heavily polarized debate also exist, however within this article I have largely avoided critiquing or analyzing these, even with regard to accounts of Phabongkha. The historical facts and arguments presented by both are often far too overshadowed by a clearly biased agenda and interpretation or a general lack of usage or citation of Tibetan textual sources, resulting in inaccuracies too numerous to address here.[5]

Phabongkha, due to his promotion of Shugden, is often blamed for attacking the Bon (bon) tradition and formenting sectarian discord against the Nyingma (rnying ma) lineage, especially in Kham (khams). It remains, however, to be established whether he was personally responsible for ordering any violent or sectarian acts or not, or if these were instead instigated and carried out independently by zealous extremist students.[6] Certainly many of Phabongkha’s students and followers from the period, and many modern Gelug teachers, hold the view that Phabongkha has been unfairly accused.[7] Thus although they do not deny that cases of sectarian discord may have taken place, they are adamant that these were not instigated or ordered by Phabongkha himself, who they say was a victim of baseless accusations due to his growing popularity.[8] Phabongkha’s direct role with regard to these unfortunate events thus remains unclear due to the lack of unbiased or independent accounts.

Phabongkha certainly held strong views and did not hold back from expressing them. He strongly believed that Tsongkhapa possessed a superior interpretation of the Buddhist path, especially with regard to Madhyamaka. However, whether or not he was uniquely sectarian when considering historical Tibetan religious figures as a whole is arguable, especially as his written works present both cases of polemical attacks on other traditions, while at other times stating the importance of being non-sectarian.[9] Far more research is certainly needed for us to have a clearer understanding of not only Phabongkha’s views of other sects, but also about the sectarian discord that took place in the eastern parts of Tibet. What is definitely unique, however, is how this Gelug-protectionism manifested in the belief that Shugden would specifically shield the lineage from being “corrupted” (log par spyod pa) by “the views and tenets of others” (gzhan phyogs pa’i lta grub) through engaging in often very wrathful activities.[10] Thus apart from the usual functions of a protector, Shugden perhaps also became an attractive deity-figure for those disposed to sectarianism.

Due to the contested nature of Phabongkha’s legacy amongst Tibetan Buddhist practitioners, it is perhaps impossible to empirically present a face of Phabongkha that will satisfy everyone. The current controversy is so polarizing that it has led to a distortion of facts from many different sides, especially in regards to what Phabongkha’s actual teachings consisted of. These strong and varying views of Phabongkha are certainly rooted in faith and the tantric interpretation of guru-devotion, which demands unfailing loyalty to one’s own teachers and their interpretations and presentations of their lineage history.

This article is not concerned with interpreting, refuting or defending Phabongkha’s views of other traditions or even with Shugden per se. Instead it aims at presenting an alternative view of Phabongkha’s works and what Phabongkha considered, or rather what he didn’t consider, as the central emphasis of his teachings. Lopez writes about Phabongkha, that:

“Under his influence something of a charismatic movement occurred among Lhasa aristocrats and in the three major Geluk monasteries in the vicinity of Lhasa…, with Vajrayogini as the tutelary deity (yi dam), Shugden as the protector, and Pha bong kha pa as the lama”.[11]

Through introducing and demonstrating the variety and richness of material composed by Phabongkha, this article will present a different view from this often-repeated and held perception, which is certainly an over-simplification, even if Phabongkha did undoubtedly play a seminal role in the dissemination of the practices of Vajrayogini and Shugden in the twentieth century.[12] I will suggest that Phabongkha’s vision was not a simplified trinity, or a revisionist presentation of Tsongkhapa’s practice lineages, as is often claimed or suggested. Shugden and Vajrayogini were part of a wider program, became elevated in importance, but they did not displace or relegate other practices to a lower status, or form a central pool of practices. Although the opposite may be true today in the case of several Gelug or Gelug-derived lineages which claim to follow Phabongkha’s lineage, this does not necessarily mean that this was the situation during Phabongkha’s lifetime, or in line with his original intentions.

Much information remains to be uncovered about Phabongkha, the understanding of whom this article hopes to make a small contribution to. Indeed how can we presume to understand such a significant historical figure from the very limited published research available today? In order to demonstrate that Phabongkha’s emphasis in terms of religious practice lay not only with Shugden and Vajrayogini, this article will also begin with a brief history of the compilation and a discussion of the rich variety of literature produced by this teacher as embodied in his Collected Works, which is often ig- nored or overshadowed by the emphasis placed on the authors’ Shugden-related works. It should be noted that considering the breadth of Phabongkha’s works and the topic, the current article can only present an extremely brief introduction to his Collected Works, which will also be compared to the contents of the collected works of his closest student, Trijang Rinpoche Lobsang Tenzin Gyatso (khri byang rin po che blo bzang ye shes bstan ‘dzin rgya mtsho, 1901- 1981). This brief presentation of these works will serve as a basis for the rest of the article and particularily its discussion of Vajrayogini and Shugden. Finally, the full contents of the Collected Works and the supplementary volume are listed and translated into English in the Appendix. The presentation of the contents in English will allow non- Tibetan readers a chance to browse the titles attributed to this im- portant twentieth-century teacher as well as clearly demonstrate the breadth of Phabongkha’s work.[13]

Phabongkha’s Collected Works
Phabongkha’s Collected Works in their two most widely available forms are: a reproduced edition published by Chophel Legdan in the 1970s in Delhi and the original Lhasa (lha sa) woodblock edition made available through the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center (TBRC), both of which make up eleven volumes (see Appendix).[14] A supplementary volume was also later added to the Delhi edition.[15] The Lhasa edition of the eleven volume set comprises of 122 separate titles, a number that could be expanded if several smaller works subsumed under one title are taken into account. For example the second work of the sixth volume (cha), A Collection Regarding the Sadhanas of the Highest Deities such as “Guide to the Lifespan of Kurava” and Other Easy-to-Perform Recitation Practices [6.2], is composed of ten sadhanas of various deities.[16] Furthermore a number of Phabongkha’s compositions are today also missing from both the Delhi and Lhasa editions, as will be shown below.

Included in the Collected Works are teachings and notes on philosophical topics such as pramaṇa (valid cognition), records of teachings he received, his correspondences, advice and even a biography he composed of his principal teacher [10.1], Dagpo Lama Lobsang Jamphel Lhundrup Gyatso (dwags po bla ma blo bzang ‘jam dpal lhun grub rgya mtsho, 1845-1919). Thus, the contents represent a variety of written materials which bring together not only Phabongkha’s own writings, but also works and notes on Phabongkha’s life, activities and teachings. The most famous example of a text penned by his students based on his oral discourses is Liberation in Your Hand [11.1], a teaching of Phabongkha’s compiled and edited by Trijang Rinpoche, and which takes up the entire eleventh volume (da) of the set.

On top of Liberation in Your Hand, around ten other Stages of the Path -related titles are listed in the contents of the Collected Works and the Delhi supplement, including instructions on the preliminary practices of the Stages of the Path (lam rim sngon ‘gro sbyor chos) [5.2, 5.3], an important set of explanations on the Four Interwoven Annotations of the Great Stages of the Path (lam rim chen mo mchan bu bzhi sbrags ma) [5.1] and a commentary on a combination of both Panchen Lobsang Yeshe’s (paN chen blo bzang ye she, 1663-1737) Swift Path Stages of the Path (lam rim myur lam) text and Tsongkhapa’s Middling Stages of the Path (lam rim ‘bring ba)[9.4].

The majority of Phabongkha’s works, however, concern tantric topics, ranging from subjects such as chod (gcod), for which he composed a text that is still used widely today by Gelug chod practitioners [5.10], to quintessential guru yoga texts. In terms of the latter, Phabongkha created an expansion of Panchen Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen’s (paN chen blo bzang chos kyi rgyal mtshan, 1570-1662) Six-Session Guru Yoga (thun drug bla ma’i rnal ‘byor) [9.3] manual and, for example, composed a secret variant of the standard Gelug guru yoga practice, Hundred Deities of Tushita (dga’ ldan lha rgya ma) [2.9], as well as a related transference of consciousness (‘pho ba) practice [2.11]. The Guru Pūja (bla ma mchod pa), another essential guru yoga text that is particularly central to the Ganden Hearing Lineage, likewise received Phabongkha’s attention. The text was used as a basis for the composition of, for example, a long-life ritual [2.6] as well as a unique rendition of the text focused on the deity Cakrasamvara [2.3].

The cycle of teachings related to Cakrasamvara was the single most important subject of Phabongkha’s writings. For example, one of Phabongkha’s additions to Chokyi Gyaltsen’s Six-Session Guru Yoga text was the inclusion of sixteen lines of praise to Cakrasamvara and his consort, Vajravarahi.[17] While most of Phabongkha’s writings on Cakrasamvara focus on the body mandala practice of the Ghaṇṭapa Lineage, he also composed texts on other forms of the deity, most notably the White Cakrasamvara long-life practice [3.13- 15], an uncommon transmission intimately connected to the Ganden Hearing Lineage and originating from Tsongkhapa’s vision-based Dharma Cycle of Manjusri (‘jam dbyangs chos skor), received via his teacher Lama Umapa Pawo Dorje (bla ma dbu ma pa dpa’ bo rdo rje, c.14th century).[18]

The majority of Phabongkha’s compositions on the Cakrasamvara cycle, however, relate to Vajrayogini Naro Kechari, a form of Cakrasamvara’s consort Vajravarahi. His compositions on the solitary female deity comprise a complete corpus of ritual texts including long and abbreviated sadhanas [4.1, 4.2], several gaṇacakra texts [4.1, 4.12], a self-entry ritual (bdag ‘jug) [4.3], burning offering (sbyin sreg) ritual texts [4.6-8, 4.10, 4.13], transference of consciousness instructions [4.14] as well as an important commentary on the generation (bskyed rim) and completion stages (rdzogs rim) [10.5]. Indeed Phabongkha wrote more individual texts on Vajrayogini than any other deity, although Vajrabhairava and Cakrasamvara come in close second. Cakrasamvara was apparently the principal practice of the lineage holders of the Southern Stages of the Path Lineage (lho rgyud lam rim), a Stages of the Path transmission which was not very widely practiced in Central Tibet and which Phabongkha had presumably received from Dagpo Jamphel Lhundrup.[19] This reason may well have contributed to Phabongkha’s devotion to the Cakrasamvara cycle.

It is interesting to note that although Phabongkha mentions Cakrasamvara, Guhyasamaja and Vajrabhairava, the three principal meditational deities promoted by Tsongkhapa, numerous times in his Liberation in Your Hand, Vajrayogini appears to get no mention. Phabongkha’s teachings that were subsequently transcribed by Trijang Rinpoche, eventually to be published as Liberation in Your Hand, were given in 1921. By this time Phabongkha was already enthusiastic about transmitting Vajrayogini teaching as is evident from his biography, The Melodious Voice of Brahma (tshangs pa’i dbyangs snyan), and the colophons of some of his texts. The colophon of Phabongkha’s Vajrayogini self-entry text, Festival of Great Bliss (bde chen dga’ ston), mentions that Phabongkha gave a teaching on the deity in 1910.[20] As is also mentioned in Phabongkha’s biography, at that time Lady Dagbhrum Jetsunma Thubten Tsultrim Drolkar (dwags b+h+ruM sku ngo rje btsun ma thub bstan tshul khrims sgrol dkar, d.u.) and one of Phabongkha’s managers (phyag mdzod), Ngawang Gyatso (ngag dbang rgya mtsho, ?-1936), both requested him to edit several Vajrayogini texts. Ngawang Gyatso requested for him to review a mandala-rite from the Ngor lineage (ngor mkha’ spyod sgrub dkyil) and Lady Dagbhrum, who wanted to produce new printing blocks of a Shalu commentary on Vajrayogini (zhwa lu khrid yig), requested Phabongkha to edit this.[21] Although a date is not given, the colophon of the Festival self-entry further adds that Lady Dagbhrum also later requested a new self-entry text to be written.[22] This tells us that the daily sadhana practice associated with the deity, Swift Path to Great Bliss (bde chen nye lam), was already composed before this, as it forms a basis for the self-entry text and indeed both the Swift Path and Festival are mentioned together in Phabongkha’s biography, in connection with this story.[23]

Phabongkha’s controversial Shugden material is all collected into the seventh volume (ja) of the set. The specific cycle of teachings associated with Shugden that Phabongkha taught to his students was believed to be based on the pure visions (dag snang) of his teacher, Tagphu Pemavajra Jamphel Tenpai Ngodrub (stag phu pad ma ba dzra ‘jam dpal bstan pa’i dnogs grub, 1876-1935), more commonly known as Tagphu Dorjechang (stag phu rdo rje ‘chang). Tagphu Pemavajra is believed by practitioners of this deity to have travelled to the pure land of Tuṣita and received the complete cycle of teachings related to this protector from Tsongkhapa and Duldzin Dragpa Gyaltsen (‘dul ‘dzin grags pa rgyal mtshan, 1357-1419).[24] The lineage then passes on to Phabongkha and then to Trijang Rinpoche, who then spread this even more widely throughout the Gelug tradition.

Interestingly, out of the complete collection of Phabongkha’s writings, only five are concerned exclusively with the propitiation of Dorje Shugden: two texts related to the life-entrustment (srog gtad) [7.11, 7.12], or rather life-initiation (srog dbang), of the protector, an extensive and middle-length fulfillment ritual (bskang chog) [7.14, 7.15] and a presentation of related explanations and ritual activities [7.13]. Fulfillment rituals are the central practices of Shugden, as they are of other protectors, and function to bond the practitioner with the fierce deity and to exhort them to fulfill their role as guardians of the Buddhist teachings. A brief libation (gser skyems) is also included under a title that incorporates practices of several deities [7.10]. Phabongkha’s actual contribution to the body of Dorje Shugden literature was therefore relatively small when compared to those of his students, specifically that of Trijang Rinpoche, who carried on Phabongkha’s lineage by composing nine separate texts uniquely devoted to the protector. This is fractionally a far larger amount considering that Trijang Rinpoche’s Collected Works, according to the content pages of the volumes, comprise of only sixty-eight titles.[25] Although this numerical comparison certainly gives us a rough idea of the relative amounts of Shugden texts composed by these authors, it is also important to bear in mind that Trijang Rinpoche, in the colophons to his Shugden works, in keeping with the concept of lineage in Tibetan Buddhism, often cites Phabongkha as the source of the teachings which form the basis of his writings. It is unlikely, however, that the various texts were placed whimsically within the two collected works. Instead, I would suggest, the process was very much informed by those works that were actually composed, either orally or in writing, by the teacher whose collected works they were placed inside of.

Trijang Rinpoche’s works combine with Phabongkha’s to create a comprehensive set of Shugden ritual texts. All of these texts are contained within the fifth volume (ca) of Trijang Rinpoche’s Collected Works, which is almost completely devoted to Shugden, although an offering and invocation ritual of Namkha Bardzin (nam mkha’ sbar ‘dzin) who is linked to Shugden’s retinue and is a protector of Dungkhar Monastery (dung dkar dgon) in Dromo (gro mo), is also found, along with the method for performing a life-energy ransom (srog glud gtong tshul) ritual of Hayagriva.[26] Trijang Rinpoche’s works on Shugden include a number secondary ritual texts, for example burning offering rituals related to pacification, controlling, increasing and wrathful activities. He also composed several instructions on the preparation of supporting (rten), protective (bskyang) and repelling (bzlog) thread-cross structures of the deity (mdos). These include associated ritual recitations and drawings of Shugden’s manifestations, retinue and other related paraphernalia needed for the construction of the supporting thread-cross structure (rten mdos). Perhaps his most important work on Dorje Shugden, however, was Music Delighting an Ocean of Oath-Bound Protectors (dam can rgya mtsho dgyes pa’i rol mo), a descriptive text on the activity of the deity that also includes a history of his previous incarnations.[27]

While the two main deities focused on in Phabongkha’s Collected Works were Cakrasamvara and Vajrayogini, the two main deities on which Trijang Rinpoche’s Collected Works focus are both pure vision teachings stemming from the Tagphu incarnation lineage: Shugden and Tara. The Tagphu incarnations were famed as mahasiddhas and were believed to have a close relationship to Tara, especially in her Cittamani, or “Heart-Jewel”, form. Trijang Rinpoche himself received the initiations into the practice of the Cittamani Tara cycle not only from Phabongkha but also directly from Tagphu Pemavajra.[28] While Phabongkha is included as a lineage holder of this practice, his Collected Works in their current widely available format only contain one single stand-alone work on the deity, Garland of Cittamani (tsit+ta ma Ni’i do shal) [3.16], a commentary on the generation and completion stages. Trijang Rinpoche’s Collected Works, however, devote eleven titles to Cittamani Tara, which, as is the case with his Dorje Shugden works, together form a comprehensive set of ritual texts to comple- ment Phabongkha’s contributions and those of past Tagphu incarnations.

Trijang Rinpoche’s Cittamani works include a burning offering ritual, a ganacakra text, extensive and brief versions of the four- mandala offering and a self-entry ritual amongst others. In the colophon to a set of instructions on how to engage in the Cittamani approximation retreat (bsnyen pa) and its preliminary rituals, Trijang Rinpoche notes that this text, which he composed, is based on the works of various teachers, including Phabongkha’s instruction manuals on the generation stage of the deity, of which he says there are two, one presumably being the Garland of Cittamani.[29] Thus, as a continuation of a type of successive lineage effort, it was Trijang Rinpoche who brought to completion the textual cycles of these two visionary cycles received from the Tagphu lineage, although Gelug teachers before both Trijang and Phabongkha Rinpoche had already composed works on the two deities concerned.[30]

Finally, as noted earlier, although here the focus has been on Phabongkha’s guru yoga and tantric texts, Phabongkha also taught and authored extensively on many other non-esoteric topics apart from the Stages of the Path, including the Bodhisattvacaryavatara [4.18-20] and the Seven-Point Mind Training (blo sbyong don bdun), of which he released a well-known edition [5.9].

The Compilation and Publication of Phabongkha’s
Collected Works
The compilation of Phabongkha’s Collected Works took a number of years and was spearheaded by Trijang Rinpoche together with Denma Lobsang Dorje, who was not only the author of Phabongkha’s biography, but also his close student and secretary.[31] Both of these figures also disseminated the oral transmission lineage of the Collected Works.

After Phabongkha’s death a search began to collect scattered notes based on Phabongkha’s oral teachings, and any works penned by him. Various texts were found, although not all of them could be trusted and thus Denma Lobsang Dorje went through all the texts to check their condition.[32] Any notes and other writings that were found or believed by the team to be inaccurate were then corrected. Although the texts are included in Phabongkha’s Collected Works, it was not unusual for the notes of students to form the basis for the creation of works which were then attributed to the teacher, as was the case with Liberation In Your Hand.

The creation of the Collected Works was also a costly affair, as is evident from Trijang Rinpoche’s introduction to the set, which mentions donations given during the carving of woodblocks for volumes one to eight (ka-nya), the first to be created.[33] Phabongkha’s influence and popularity was largely focussed on Lhasa and pockets of Kham and thus sponsors, who included incarnate lamas, geshes and other important religious figures, aristocrats and other officials, tended to be mainly from these regions. Sponsors from Eastern Tibet hailed from areas such as Dragyab (brag g.yab), Lithang (li thang) and Barkham (bar khams). A number of sponsors also came from different parts of both Ü (dbus) and Tsang (gtsang). The introduction lists with transparency how much each sponsor donated, listing the most illustrious donor first- the Fourteenth Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso’s (ta la’i bla ma bstan ‘dzin rgya mtsho,1935-) senior tutor Ling Rinpoche Thubten Lungtok Namgyal Trinle (gling rin po che thub bstan lung rtogs rnam rgyal ‘phril las, 1903-1983), who offered 1000 silver coins (dngul srang). Trijang Rinpoche includes himself at the end of the list, and donated 4000 silver coins. He also makes a special mention of the aristocrats Lhalu Tsewang Dorje (lha klu tshe dbang rdo rje, 1914- 2011) and Lhalu Lhacham Yangdzom Tsering (lha klu lha lcam g.yang ‘dzoms tshe ring, d.u.), who were devoted students of Phabongkha and not only offered 2321 silver coins but also other necessities required for the creation of the new printing blocks as well as earlier work on the collection which took place at Tashi Choeling Hermitage (bkra shis chos gling ri khrod). These two central patrons also receive a special dedicatory mention by Trijang Rinpoche, who, amongst many other aspirations, hopes that through the merit the sponsors accumulate through their offerings, they will always be cared for by Guru Vajradhara (i.e. Phabongkha), and that they may never be parted from Tsongkhapa’s “stainless teachings”.[34]

The carving of the wood blocks for volumes one to eight had begun by 1948 and appears to have carried on through until 1951 and beyond.[35] This means that the collection and checking of texts, which began after Phabongkha’s death in 1941, would have taken more than eight years to complete considering that the remaining volumes following the eighth volume, also had to be prepared.

According to a student of Phabongkha, the original Collected Works was composed of more than the eleven volumes which are currently widely available.[36] Woodblocks for a twelfth volume (na) were carved and texts printed from these. A thirteenth and fourteenth volume was also planned, although these were never published. The twelfth volume, however, appears to not have been included into the publicly distributed editions of the Collected Works due to the inauspicious connotations related to the term “na”, which in Tibetan is a homonym for the word “illness”.[37] This discarded volume and its blocks, along with any of the material intended for the two additional volumes were thought to have been lost during the Cultural Revolution, although it now appears that a copy of the twelfth volume, or rather, what had originally been planned to be released as a twelfth volume, did survive in the Potala Palace’s collection.[38] Although currently I have been unable to definitely ascertain what works were intended for the never-published thirteenth and fourteenth volumes, it may be that the other of the two works by Phabongkha on which Trijang Rinpoche’s Cittamani Tara approximation retreat manual was based (one being Garland of Cittamani) was amongst these texts.[39]

The twelfth volume’s contents are also significant due to the fact that out of eight texts, four are on Vajrabhairava. These include a text for the Vajrabhairava approximation retreat’s preliminary ritual [12.6], a burning offering ritual [12.5] as well as a related explanatory work [12.7], and a self-entry ritual [12.8]. Added to the Vajrabhairava works in the other volumes, these come together to create a comprehensive set of practice texts related to this deity, showing how Phabongkha placed a significant emphasis on this particular practice, which had also been emphasised by Tsongkhapa.

Following the upheavals of the late 1950s and 1960s, the eleven volume Lhasa edition-Collected Works was eventually republished under the title of Collected Works of Pha-bong-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan- ‘dzin-‘phrin-las rgya-mtsho, between 1973 and 1974 in New Delhi by Chophel Legdan under the guidance of Trijang Rinpoche.[40] This reproduction was based on surviving copies of the various xylographs printed from the Lhasa woodblocks. Several texts, which had origi- nally been included in the tenth volume, tha, but which had been omitted from the republished Delhi edition, were later collected, along with other texts, into an additional volume: A Supplement to the Collected Works of the Lord of Refuge, Phabongkha Dechen Nyingpo (skyabs rje pha bong kha pa bde chen snying po’i gsung ‘bum kha skong), published in 1977 by Ngawang Sopa in New Delhi.[41] The contents of the 1977 supplementary volume are as follows:

1. A Collection of The Lord of Refuge, Kyabdag Dorjechang Phabongkha’s Minor Compositions and Instructions
khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa’i bka’ rtsom dang phyag bzhes phran tshegs skor phyogs su bkod pa/

2. Bestowing the Supreme All-Illuminating Wisdom: The Recitation Rituals of the Sadhana of Venerable White Manjusri Set Together Side by Side
rje btsun ‘jam dbyangs dkar po’i sgrub thabs kyi ‘don chog zur du bkod pa kun gsal shes rab mchog sbyin/

3. Extensively Elucidated Outlines of the Essential Instructions of the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment Together with Notes which Easily Point Out the Pith Instructions of the Essential Points
byang chub lam gyi rim pa’i dmar khrid kyi sa bcad rgyas par bkral ba/ nyer mkho’i man ngag ‘tshol bde’i mchan dang bcas pa/

4. An Ornament Embellishing Arising Wisdom: An Explanation of the Make-up of the Vairocana-Abhisambodhi [42]
rnam snang mngon byang gi thig ‘grel sher ‘byung dgongs rgyan

5. The Way to Perform the Long-Life Accomplishment Ritual Related to Sita-Tara Cintacakra
sgrol dkar yid bzhin ‘khor lo’i sgo nas tshe sgrub bya tshul/

6. The Essence of the Nectar of Holy Dharma: The Way to Practice the Profound Instructions of the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment, Explained in Verse
byang chub lam gyi rim pa’i gdams pa zab mo rnams tshigs su bcad pa’i sgo nas nyams su len tshul dam chos bdud rtsi’i snying po/

7. Newly Arranged Diagrams for the Stages of samatha as Taught in Lord Maitreya’s Mahayanasūtralamkara
byams mgon gyis mdo sde rgyan las gsungs pa’i zhi gnas kyi dmigs rim rnams re’u mig tu gsar bskrun/

8. The Calling the Guru from Afar [Practice Entitled] “The Inseparable Three Bodies”: A Song of Longing Swiftly Drawing the Blessings of the Guru
bla ma rgyang ‘bod sku gsum dbyer med bla ma’i byin rlabs myur ‘dren gdung dbyangs/

The three texts that were already included in the tenth volume (tha) of the original Lhasa edition of the Collected Works but were not included in the 1973-1974 New Delhi edition of the eleven volume set were the collection of minor writings, the Vairocana text (An Ornament Embellishing Arising Wisdom), and the Sita-Tara ritual. This is clear as the folios of each of these works, which were collected by Trijang Rinpoche from surviving manuscripts of the original Lhasa edition, are marked by the letter tha.[43]

Furthermore, two of the works from this supplement, namely the first work, A Collection of The Lord of Refuge, Kyabdag Dorjechang Phabongkha’s Minor Compositions and Instructions [10.3, 12.2] and An Ornament Embellishing Arising Wisdom [10.4, 12.3], are both listed in the Potala’s catalogue as being part of the twelfth “na” volume of the Potala’s edition. These two texts then, can today be found in three separate volumes: the Delhi supplement, the tenth volume of the widely known Lhasa edition, and the twelfth volume of the rare edi- tion in the Potala’s collection. The Sita-Tara text [10.8], however, is only found in the Delhi supplement and in the tenth volume of the Lhasa edition.

The fact that the Minor Compositions and An Ornament Embellishing Arising Wisdom are found in the widely known eleven-volume Lhasa edition, gives credence to the fact that the twelfth volume, as held today in the Potala, was never released to a wider audience. For whatever reason, both works were instead selected to be moved from the planned twelfth volume into the tenth volume of the official Lhasa edition, because, as mentioned above, publishing and distributing a “na” volume would have been inauspicious in this case. As a result, two texts which were already positioned as the third and fourth works of the tenth volume, The Mirror of the View (lta ba’i me long), a commentary to a Kadampa (bka’ gdams pa) transference of consciousness practice, and a text entitled Abbreviated Rites to Protect Harvests from Rain, Frost, Hail, Disease, Drought and So Forth (lo tog gi rim ‘gro dang/ char ‘bebs/ sad ser btsa’ than sogs srung thabs mdor bsdus la/) were removed from the volume, replaced by Minor Compositions and An Ornament Embellishing Arising Wisdom, and are thus today no longer included in the widely available Lhasa edition. A comparison with the Potala catalogue likewise reveals that a Vajrayogini gaṇacakra ritual text was removed to make place for the Sita-Tara Cintacakra longevity practice [10.8], although the work did not come from the twelfth volume. The tenth (tha) volume in the eleven-part Lhasa set contains no contents pages, the only multi-work volume without one, which also points towards a reconfiguration of the volume’s original contents.[44] We know that the volumes were carved and printed gradually and thus volumes one to nine were probably already printed and set at the time that the Minor Compositions and An Ornament Embellishing Arising Wisdom were transferred into the tenth volume. The tenth was probably deemed as a more suitable location for these texts than the eleventh volume, which was reserved exclusively for Liberation in Your Hand.[45]

The remaining texts in the supplementary Delhi volume were most likely drawn from material which would have been included in the thirteenth or fourteenth volumes, should they ever have been published, and thus the folios do not contain any Tibetan letters marking them as belonging to any specific volume.

Some texts that are in wide circulation and use today may also well have been planned to be included in the never-released thirteenth and fourteenth volumes, but were omitted from both the Lhasa and Delhi eleven-volume editions as well as the Delhi supplement. For example, Phabongkha’s re-composition of the common sixty-four part torma offering to the protector Kalarūpa, The Accomplishment of the Four Activities: A Recitation Arrangement of the Sixty-Four Part [Torma Offering Ritual] Organised for Easy and Convenient Recitation (drug cu ma’i ‘don bsgrigs ‘khyer bde nag ‘gros su bkod pa las bzhi’i ‘phril las myur ‘grub), which is widely used and found in numerous Gelug prayer books, appears to be excluded from both the Delhi and Lhasa editions of the Collected Works and is not listed amongst the twelve volumes available in the Potala’s collection.[46] Also excluded from the Collected Works are polemical notes compiled by Denma Lobsang Dorje based on teachings given by Phabongkha in Chamdo, discussing the views of other Tibetan Buddhist schools, as well as Bon.[47]

Another text that does not appear to have been included in the original Lhasa edition of the Collected Works, its later reproductions and reprints, the Delhi supplement, or the Potala edition, is a new initiation ritual manual composed by Phabongkha for the Thirteen Pure Visions of Tagphu (stag phu’i dag snang bcu gsum), also known as the Thirteen Secret Dharmas (gsang chos bcu gsum) or Thirteen Secret Visions (dag snang gsang ba bcu gsum). These “Thirteen Secret Dharmas” refer to a cycle of visionary teachings originating from Tagphu Tulku Lobsang Chokyi Wangchuk (stag phu sprul sku blo bzang chos kyi dbang phyug, 1765-c.1792) and transmitted through his incarnation lineage, down to Tagphu Pemavajra and from him to Phabongkha. The cycle contains practices of deities such as Amitayus, Vajravarahi, Hayagriva, Avalokitesvara and, most importantly, Cittamani Tara. The new initiation manual, entitled The Power to Magnificently Fully Gather The Fruit of the Two Aims: The Rain- fall-Array of Ripening Initiation Rituals of The Thirteen Sealed Secret Dharmas of the Glorious Tagphu, however, appears to have been included in the collected works of Tagphu Pemavajra instead, most likely because the work is directly related to Phabongkha’s teacher’s visionary lineage.[48] It is recorded in Phabongkha’s biography that in the Fire-Horse Year (1906) he requested permission from Tagphu Pemavajra to compose a new initiation manual on the Thirteen Secret Dharmas, the permission-initiations of which he then subsequently bestowed upon a gathering of fifteen high-ranking incarnate lamas over a period of about a week.[49] The woodblocks for the text were apparently only carved in 1935.[50]

The Guru-Deity-Protector Triad
The life-entrustment ritual of Dorje Shugden, The Chariot of the Jewel of Faith Drawing Together a Precious Mass of Blessings [7.11], composed by Phabongkha dates from 1935, when he was visiting Tagphu Dorjechang at the latter’s monastery of Tagphu Drubde Geden Lugzang Kunphelling (stag phu sgrub sde dge ldan lugs bzang kun ‘phel gling) in Nagshoe (nags shod), Kham. The colophon to the text states that it was both Phabongkha, as well as his visionary teacher, who together brought the “profound words” of the ritual to maturation.[51] Phabongkha’s close affinity to Shugden, however, does not appear to have been confined to the final years of his life. In the colophon to The Melodious Drum Victorious in All Directions [7.14], Phabongkha’s seminal fulfillment ritual of Dorje Shugden, he describes how he had been lovingly cared for by Shugden, who was compassionately at- tached to him like “the body is to a shadow”, since his youth (“lus dang grib ma bzhin du brtse bas bskyangs bskul”).[52] The composition of the text in question, whose block prints for the Collected Works are dated 1948, thus amongst the first to be carved, was begun in the Wood-Ox Year of 1925 when Phabongkha was in his late 40s, but the complete text with its colophon and its verses of auspiciousness appears to have only been finalized by Phabongkha in 1929.[53]

Shugden, as is obvious from the epithets that Phabongkha used in relation to the deity: “Protector of Lord Manjusri [Tsongkhapa]’s Teachings (‘jam mgon bstan srung)” and “Protector of the Virtuous [Gelug] Teachings (dge ldan bstan srung)”, was indeed considered by Phabongkha as an important protector of the Gelug tradition.[54] Without Phabongkha’s efforts and writings based on the revelation of the cycle by Tagphu Pemavajra, the cult of the deity would most likely not have become as widespread as it is today. Yet, based on what we can deduce from his Collected Works, did Phabongkha lead a “charismatic movement”, or similar, centred on Shugden, Vajrayogini and himself as a sacred triad of esoteric Gelug doctrine, as Donald Lopez suggests? Georges Dreyfus agrees and writes, perhaps more strongly, that Phabongkha “created a new understanding of the Ge-luk tradition focused on three elements: Vajrayogini as the main meditational deity (yi dam), Shuk-den as the protector, and Pa-bong-ka as the guru”.[55] Although this is a commonly held view, here I would like to at suggest that Phabongkha created no such understanding.
Despite the epithets that Phabongkha used in relation to Shugden in his works, he was not exclusively focused on Shugden as the only protector worthy of writing on. Most Tibetan Buddhist works bestow superlative epithets to the deities they are focused on and thus these titles alone cannot tell us how important or central a specific deity was. Compiled together with Phabongkha’s Shugden works in the same volume is another set of five texts, these being focused on “The Glorious Four-Faced Protector” (dpal mgon gdong bzhi pa), Caturmukha Mahakala, who in the Gelug tradition is a protector of the Cakrasamvara cycle.[56] These include a long ritual text of permission initiations (rjes gnang) for the different manifestations of the deity, and various other works [7.5-7.9]. It is not surprising, considering Phabongkha’s emphasis on Cakrasamvara, that he would compose a substantial set of texts on this form of Mahakala, which in simple terms of page numbers, is considerably larger than his writings on Shugden. This demonstrates that while Phabongkha himself promoted Shugden as an important protector, the deity nevertheless remained within a wider pantheon of wrathful deities that Phabongkha considered important. Interestingly Phabongkha’s writings on Shugden, based on Tagphu Pemavajra’s pure visions, prescribe a life-entrustment initiation, usually reserved for more lowly worldly protectors (‘jig rten pa’i srung ma), instead of a permission initiation, such as those bestowed for the different manifestations of Caturmukha Mahakala and other deities categorized as enlightened. Clearly Phabongkha did not take that one step further and promote Shugden directly to the level of an enlightened protector, which may well have been too obtrusive a move, but instead kept him ranked at the level of a worldly protector, who nevertheless, in reality, is an emanation of Manjusri simply appearing as a gyalpo, or “king”-spirit (rgyal po), as a manifestation of his enlightened activities.[57] Shugden, as numerous textual sources attest, certainly existed within the Gelug and other lineages, specifically those of the Sakya sect, before Phabongkha and his teachers, and appears to have been consistently classed as a gyalpo.

Shugden’s ranking as a worldly being is clear from a comparison with another popular protector, Pehar (dpe har). Like Shugden, Pehar is classed as a gyalpo being, and both are often referred to with the titles of either “Gyalpo” or “Gyalchen” (rgyal chen), meaning “great king”- although the titles can also be used as an honorific and not necessarily to refer to a class of spirit. The same is true for Pehar’s five manifestations, the Five Gyalchen (rgyal chen sku lnga), who, like Shugden, have an associated life-entrustment ritual instead of a permission initiation.[58] Pehar is a protector of the Tibetan Government hailing from the Nyingma tradition who through his minister, Dorje Drakden (rdo rje grags ldan), makes himself manifest through the Nechung Oracle (gnas chung sku rtan), a human medium who in turn functions as the primary state oracle. Shugden likewise manifests through human mediums, relegating his outward ranking to that of a worldly deity in the eyes of most Tibetan Buddhists, as enlightened protectors are generally understood not to take possession of mediums, an activity reserved for worldly spirits and protectors. Shugden’s actual nature as a manifestation of Manjusri is likewise highly contested by most Tibetan Buddhists, however a number of other protectors, including Pehar, are also the subject of disagreements (as to whether or not they are truly enlightened), although certainly not as heated.[59]

Phabongkha’s promotion of Vajrayogini as a meditational deity is not unique within the Gelug tradition and has an established history within the lineage. Tagphu Lobsang Tenpai Gyaltsen (stag phu blo bzang bstan pa’i rgyal mtshan, 1714-1762), for example, composed a commentary on the two stages (rim gnyis) and Tuken Lobsang Chokyi Nyima wrote a large collection of practice texts and instructions on the deity that rival Phabongkha’s in breadth, and which Phabongkha himself used as a basis for his own compositions, along with the related works of Ngulchu Dharmabhadra (dngul chud+harma b+ha dra, 1772-1851) and others.[60] Art historical evidence also confirms the existence of Vajrayogini in the Gelug tradition in the eighteenth century, as can be seen from a number of thangka (thang kha) paintings and other works produced at the Qing court during the period of the Qianlong Emperor (r. 1735- 1796), and his guru Changkya Rolpai Dorje (lcang skya ro pa’i rdo rje, 1717-1786), for example, who was also a Vajrayogini practitioner, as well as many other instances.[61] Thus while the Vajrayogini Naro Kechari lineage was passed into the Gelug tradition from the Sakya (sa skya) lineage, and all evidence points to the fact that the practice of the deity and all of these works in the Gelug tradition are certainly post-Tsongkhapa, it is clear that Phabongkha was drawing from an already well-established practice within his own lineage. Despite the unique Vajrayogini lineage stemming from Phabongkha being the most well-known today, it appears that another lineage or lineages of practice stemming from Amdo (a mdo)-based teachers such as Tuken were previously widely practiced, at least in their native regions. Although today these lineages have become rare, they are apparently not extinct.[62]

Phabongkha’s many compositions on Vajrayogini do not mean that he had a calculated plan for the practice to become an institutionalized central facet of the Gelug tradition. It is obvious from the colophons of a number of his compositions on the deity that requests came from many of his close students, including several high-ranking aristocratic women. A number of female practitioners were understandably attracted to this solitary female deity, whose teachings and practice, furthermore, are relatively simple compared to those of the three main Gelug meditational deities, including Cakrasamvara, and in particular the sixty-two deity body mandala (lus dkyil) form emphasized by Phabongkha. Women, lay or ordained, did not have access to religious education as monks or even lay men did, and thus Vajrayogini presented them with a simple and efficacious alternative. Even today all of the Gelug nunneries in Lhasa, as well as many in India and Nepal, continue to practice Phabongkha’s Vajrayogini gaṇacakra and/or self-entry rituals communally in their assembly halls on a monthly basis, whereas this is unheard of in male Gelug monastic institutions. This analysis, however, does not exclude men, who would also of course have benefited from such a concise yet profound practice, making the attraction of the deity to a large following of adherents easy to understand. Phabongkha clearly had a connection on a spiritual level with the deity (as he did with Shug- den) and the reasons for his composition of works on Vajrayogini’s practice may not have been any more unusual than those of previous Gelug teachers who taught and wrote on the deity, and indeed on any deity- being that they were requested by students and saw a need for new texts. In fact some of these reasons are included within the colophons or introductions to his texts.[63] Texts that were written by a teacher out of his own accord or for his own personal practice are often noted as such in the colophon. However it was common for Tibetans to request their own teachers to re-write existing sadhanas, usually resulting in minor differences.[64] Phabongkha’s Vajrayogini sadhana, The Swift Path to Great Bliss (bde chen nye lam), was based on existing Gelug examples, most obviously Tuken’s sadhana, which has the same title, and follows the same schemata and essential visualizations, however Phabongkha clearly expanded on the work.[65]

In relation to Phabongkha’s promotion of Vajrayogini, Dreyfus writes that “The novelty of his approach is even clearer when we consider Pa-bong-ka’s emphasis on Tara Cintamaṇi [sic] as a secondary meditational deity, for this practice is not canonical in the strict sense of the term but comes from the pure visions of one of Pa-bong-ka’s main teachers, Ta-bu Pe-ma Baz-ra (sta bu padma badzra) [sic]”.[66] Dreyfus goes on to say that although Phabongkha did not introduce these deities into the tradition himself, but rather received them from his teachers, it is his unprecedented promotion of these “secondary practices” by making them “widespread and central to the Ge-luk tradition and claiming that they represented the essence of Dzong-ka- ba’s [Tsongkhapa’s] teaching” which made him innovative.[67] This statement is only partly true. For example, Phabongkha appears to have only composed one or two texts on Cittamani Tara, i.e. the commentary on the generation and completion stages mentioned earlier, which does not suggest an emphasis on the practice.[68] Vajrayogini, as has already been noted, was already a very popular deity amongst a number of highly influential eighteenth century scholars such as Tuken, who wrote on the practice extensively. More importantly it is clear from the works of these scholars that Vajrayogini was already considered by a number of leading teachers as the “uncommon secret dharma hidden in the mind” of Tsongkhapa, i.e. his secret meditational deity.[69] If this belief was already extant in the eighteenth century amongst high-ranking religious figures, then it is certainly understandable as to why Vajrayogini was considered so important and why Phabongkha would follow the same tradition and its interpretations. In this sense, Phabongkha was far from innovative.

Dreyfus also repeats, specifically in relation to Shugden, that Phabongkha “transformed a marginal practice into a central element of the Ge-luk tradition. This transformation is illustrated by the epithets used to refer to Shuk-den”.[70] Although these epithets have already been mentioned above, here it is also necessary to point out that epi- thets like “Protector of Lord Manjusri [Tsongkhapa]’s Teachings”, like the view of Vajrayogini as Tsongkhapa’s secret meditational deity, far predate Phabongkha, and thus do not in themselves prove his elevation of Shugden into a “central element”. In fact one of the exact same epithets used by Phabongkha, i.e. “Protector of Lord Manjusri [Tsongkhapa]’s Teachings” can be found in the title of a text by the seventeenth to eighteenth century teacher Dragyab Lobsang Norbu Sherab (brag g.yab blo bzang nor bu shes rab, d.u.), entitled The Way to Perform the Invocation of Gyalchen Dorje Shugden Tsal, Protector of Lord Manjusri [Tsongkhapa]’s Teachings, one of the earliest instances of the usage of the title.[71] A number of other later usages of this or similar titles pre-dating Phabongkha do exist, suggesting that Phabongkha was following the example of select previous Gelug teachers in his propitiation of Shugden. It is almost impossible to estimate the popularity of Shugden in the various regions of Tibet and Mongolia before the twentieth century. The major difference with these earlier teachers and Phabongkha, however, was the latter’s popularity, which resulted in a wider dissemination of anything he taught, often to an audience of politically and religiously influential figures. This, as with the case of Vajrayogini, however, should not necessarily be taken to mean that he purposefully conceived of disseminating the practice of the protector more than his predecessors.

While Phabongkha’s teachings certainly diffused the practice of Vajrayogini, as well as Dorje Shugden, making them more popular amongst Gelug practitioners in Central Tibet and Kham than they were before, apart from upholding the traditional view of Vajrayogini being Tsongkhapa’s secret meditational deity, it is unclear to what extent he saw these practices as “central” to the Gelug teachings at large. As has already been noted, Vajrayogini gets no mention in the Liberation in Your Hand, while Phabongkha instead emphasizes the importance of focusing on Cakrasamvara, Guhyasamaja and Vajrabhairava numerous times, and recommends these as the initiations and practices for the audience to receive and adopt in their practice of tantra.[72] In his autobiography, Trijang Rinpoche likewise calls Guhyasamaja the “very pure essence, the most sublime, ultimate pinnacle of all classes of tantra”, suggesting that the cycle, which is most commonly regarded as the mainstay of Tsongkhapa, was at least symbolically central to the lineage.[73] Publicly and institutionally there was no obvious effort made to officially elevate Vajrayogini to the same level as the three principal meditational deities, which remained the focus of study and practice at the two principal Gelug tantric universities, along with the traditional Gelug protectors prescribed by Tsongkhapa. Vajrayogini, Cittamani Tara and Dorje Shugden were never incorporated into the curriculums of the tantric institutions and, apart from a few exceptional cases, they had to be studied or practiced privately.

In Rilbur Tulku’s (ril ‘bur sprul sku, 1923-2006) introduction to Michael Richards’ translation of Phabongkha’s Liberation in Your Hand, he notes that when visiting Phabongkha’s residence at Tashi Choe- ling (bkra shis chos gling) for the first time in c.1937, Phabongkha introduced him to all the statues on the altar of his meditation room: Tsongkhapa, Cakrasamvara, Vajrabhairava, Vajrayogini and Palgon Dramdze (dpal mgon bram ze).[74] Interestingly, Palgon Dramdze, whose full name is Palgon Dramdzei Zug (dpal mgon bram ze’i gzugs), or Brahmarūpa Mahakala, is a manifestation of Caturmukha Mahakala, the protector of the Cakrasamvara cycle. This protector, with his sadhu-like appearance, takes the form of an elder Brahmin. The manifestation of the deity in this form is apparently an alternative to the actual four-faced wrathful form of Caturmukha Mahakala, whose actual image was not allowed to be shown to the uninitiated, according to strict tantric prescriptions.[75] Tashi Choeling was an important retreat hermitage for Phabongkha and his collection of personal statues is revealing due to the variety of deities on the altar, especially as the visit takes place in the last few years of Phabongkha’s life. Although we cannot know if the account by Rilbur Tulku purposefully omits any deities, his observations cannot be dismissed and thus it is interesting to note that although Vajrayogini is present on Phabongkha’s altar along with two of Tsongkhapa’s prescribed meditational deities, Shugden is not. Instead Brahmarūpa Mahakala takes the place of protector, representing none other than Caturmukha Mahakala, on whom, as has been noted, Phabongkha composed more pages and larger works than on Shugden. These facts suggest that while Phabongkha did place importance on Shugden, Caturmukha Mahakala, as the protector of the all-important Cakrasamvara cycle, may have likewise been very central to him personally.[76] Thus while Phabongkha was undoubtedly extremely close to Shugden, he was one of at least several important protectors that Phabongkha propitiated.

Phabongkha’s teachings on Vajrayogini and Shugden were perhaps not intended for a mass audience, and would explain why he did not mention Vajrayogini, traditionally considered a very secret practice, at the large gathering where he taught Liberation in Your Hand. Indeed the nature of the transmission of the Shugden life-entrustment and teachings themselves already place certain restrictions on the full-scale public diffusion of the practice. While the main rituals associated with the deity- the extensive and middle- length fulfillment rituals (bskang chog), like the fulfillment rituals of most other Gelug protectors, can be practiced on the basis of having received a Vajrabhairava initiation, in order to fully enter the practice of the approach, accomplishment and various activities (bsnyen sgrub las gsum) of the deity one must not only receive a Vajrabhairava initiation, but furthermore on the basis of that one must engage in a full retreat of serviceability (las rung), along with concluding practices such as a burning offering, receive the Shugden life-entrustment, keep all vows and pledges, and engage in any given practice commitments.[77] Although there is again nothing particularly different about this process when compared to other protectors, what is outstanding, however, is the nature of the life-entrustment of the deity, which can only be received by a group of a maximum of “a few” disciples.[78] Receiving the life-entrustment is of course important for a serious practitioner, but was clearly restricted, and those who were able to receive the Shugden life-entrustment from Phabongkha were thus largely restricted to his closer students, or small groups of followers. This tradition seems to have been closely followed by Trijang Rinpoche, as is apparent from his autobiography. Although Trijang Rinpoche mentions giving the life-entrustment several times, these were given to a maximum of three people at a time, often only one or two.[79]
The guru-deity-protector trinity, which Dreyfus and Lopez state are embodied in Phabongkha, Vajrayogini and Shugden, is largely a non-Gelug categorization. The guru, meditational deity (or yidam) and protector (bla ma yi dam chos skyong) or guru, meditational deity and dakini (bla ma yi dam mkha’ ‘gro), both termed the “Three Roots” (rtsa gsum), are predominantly Nyingma tantric formulations of the common Three Jewels in which all Buddhists take refuge: buddha, dharma and sangha. Although also found in such refuge groupings in the Kagyu and Sakya traditions, these are generally related to treasure (gter ma) cycles and other Nyingma lineages transmitted by the teachers of the two former traditions. While mentions of the “guru, deity and protector” are found in some Gelug texts, these references are largely generic and do not usually specify the names of particular deities.[80] Indeed Phabongkha does note in one of his Shugden works that all of one’s meditational deities, gurus and protectors (Shugden included) should be viewed as indivisible, a common Tibetan Buddhist devotional belief which is widely practiced in the Gelug tradition as well.[81] Although Shugden is also described by Phabongkha as a manifestation of the guru-deity (bla ma yi dam sprul pa’i rgyal chen rdo rje shugs ldan), the implied meaning is that Shugden is a manifestation of the wrathful form of Manjusri, Vajrabhairava, who, as noted above, is also the deity used as the basis for engaging in the protector practice.[82] Thus it is Vajrabhairava who is the deity- figure associated with Shugden practice by Phabongkha, not Vajrayogini or even Cakrasamvara. Although my reading of Phabongkha’s writings has been far from exhaustive due to the sheer magnitude of pages, so far I have not come across a single intentional or even suggested grouping of himself, Vajrayogini and Shugden into one spiritual guru-deity-protector triad, or indeed into any pre- scribed “central” doctrinal set.

It would have been unlikely for Phabongkha to have promoted himself as the figurehead of this new trinity. The main guru yoga practices Phabongkha promoted, as is obvious from his Collected Works, were those of the Guru Pūja and the Hundred Deities of Tushita which focus on Tsongkhapa as the embodiment of the guru- whether this be Phabongkha, Trijang Rinpoche, or any other teacher. There is no evidence that Phabongkha in any way promoted a personality cult focused solely on himself and we know that the vast majority of his eminent students, both lay and ordained, of whose lives we have some kind of record, received both sutra and tantra teachings from a number of teachers, not just Phabongkha.

The concept of Phabongkha having promoted a “new understanding” of the Gelug tradition, circled around the triad of himself, Vajrayogini and Shugden, is unlikely. Instead he fortified several rarer teachings already present in the Gelug tradition by teaching and composing new textual materials, but certainly not at the cost of abandoning the format and focus of Tsongkhapa’s original teachings. As can be gleaned from Phabongkha’s Collected Works, he composed an array of important texts related to Tsongkhapa’s teachings, most importantly those of the three principal meditational deities, but with a clear focus on Cakrasamvara and Vajrabhairava. Cakrasamvara appears to have been the deity that Phabongkha had the closest affinity with, which also explains his close affinity to the protector Caturmukha Mahakala. His biography includes numerous accounts that highlight this relation, including a fantastical incident at a small monastery at Drangsong Sinpori (drang srong srin po ri), located in today’s Gongkar County, known for its famous image of the deity (Fig.1), to which Phabongkha had come to offer a gaṇacakra.[83]

Fig.1 The Cakrasamvara statue at Drangsong Sinpori. According to the caretakers the statue is original and was hidden safely during the Cultural Revolution (Photo- graph by Matt Linden).

Fig.1 The Cakrasamvara statue at Drangsong Sinpori. According to the caretakers the statue is original and was hidden safely during the Cultural Revolution (Photo- graph by Matt Linden).

Here Phabongkha had a vision of the wisdom beings (ye shes kyi lha) of Cakrasamvara actually entering the statue, followed by a subsequent flow of nectar ensuing from the statue’s mouth. Phabongkha himself is also often referred to in writing as “Heruka”, a commonly used name of Cakrasamvara, for example in the title of his biography where he is referred to as “Heruka, All-Pervasive Lord of the Ocean of Mandalas and [Buddha] Families (rigs dang dkyil ‘khor rgya mtsho’i khyab bdag he ru ka.)”.[84]

According to one account, Rilbur Tulku stated that Phabongkha himself confirmed that his main practice, on which he spent four hours daily, was none other than the Guru Pūja, performed according to the Cakrasamvara rendition mentioned earlier.[85] The Guru Pūja, a guru yoga text composed by Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen (blo bzang chos kyi rgyal mtshan, 1570-1662), the First Panchen Lama, focusing on the form of Tsongkhapa as the embodiment of one’s guru(s), combines the practices of all three principal meditational deities. The centrality of Cakrasamvara as Phabongkha’s principal deity practice has been confirmed by another of his direct students as well, noting that Phabongkha’s principal practice was the Stages of the Path teachings and his main deity practice was that of the Cakrasamvara body mandala.[86] The practice of the Cakrasamvara Guru Pūja, which includes a special aspirational Stages of the Path prayer by Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen, thus combines both of these practices.

Phabongkha was, in a sense, a true heir to the illustrious Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen’s tradition and the Ganden Hearing Lineage, a Gelug oral transmission lineage that both teachers are considered to have been principal lineage holders of. Even more essentially, Phabongkha is commonly believed to have been the possessor of the Ganden Emanation Scripture (dga’ ldan sprul pa’i legs bam), as was Chokyi Gyaltsen.[87] The Emanation Scripture is believed to be a manifestation of Manjusri in the form of a mystic and invisible book, containing all the essential teachings passed on to Tsongkhapa by the bodhisattva, and can only be held and seen by the holders of the Ganden Hearing Lineage, beginning with Tsongkhapa. Chokyi Gyaltsen himself, for example, is said to have been the first person to write down a set of oral instructions on Mahamudra passed down in a unique Gelug lineage from Tsongkhapa, which the latter received directly from the bodhisattva Manjusri. The actual words of the text composed by Chokyi Gyaltsen are believed to have originated from the Emanation Scripture. The Ganden Hearing Lineage thus maintains that the teachings of not only the Gelug Mahamudra, but other im- portant texts like the Guru Pūja not only represent the teachings and lineage of Tsongkhapa, but that they were drawn by Chokyi Gyaltsen from this mystic text.

Phabongkha was certainly not unique in the Gelug tradition in promoting practices with questionable links to Tsongkhapa’s original teachings. Roger Jackson has noted that based on the textual material that he was able to examine, we can not currently attribute the source of the lineage of transmission of the Gelug Mahamudra to Tsongkhapa, and that the instructions which were written down by Chokyi Gyalsten in the form of The Principal Path of the Victors: A Root Text of the Precious Geden Oral Lineage of Mahamudra (dge ldan bka’ brgyud rin po che’i phyag chen rtsa ba rgyal ba’i gzhung lam), may well have a later origin.[88] This also calls into question the lineage of a number of other works by Chokyi Gyaltsen drawn from the Ganden Hearing Lineage, such as the Guru Pūja, which are similarly traced to Tsongkhapa, and ultimately to Manjusri, or his manifestation as the Emanation Scripture. Thus there is no empirical evidence that a number of central teachings or practices accepted universally as important or even central in the Gelug tradition, originate from Tsongkhapa and it could even be argued that previous Gelug lineage holders like Chokyi Gyaltsen were even more innovative than Phabongkha, as were countless other teachers from the various Tibetan sects.

Conclusion
Geoffrey Samuel observes that “P’awongk’a’s influence was strongest after his death and that of the 13th Dalai Lama, and particularly after the forced resignation of the regent Reting (Ratreng) Rimpoch’e in 1941 and his replacement by Tagtrag Rimpoch’e, who had been a close associate of P’awongk’a”.[89] He further notes that it was from then on that the students of Phabongkha gradually managed to obtain a dominant status within the Gelug tradition, which lasted up until the 1970s/80s. Although it is not the aim of this article to trace the development of this lineage, I would like to suggest that the emphasis on Shugden and Vajrayogini continued to grow during this period, with select aspects of Phabongkha’s original teachings becoming conflated, whether intentionally or not, especially in the last quarter of the twentieth century with the emergence of the controversy surrounding the deity.

Phabongkha certainly considered his relationship with Shugden as being extremely close. However, he never promoted Shugden as the sole protector of Tsongkhapa’s tradition. If he had truly put tremendous importance on the diffusion of the practice, it could be argued that he would have composed far more texts himself over the years, instead of leaving a large amount of the work to his student. Instead it appears that Phabongkha’s few Shugden works were composed over a period of around fifteen years or so- more than enough time to compose a larger body of work. As was mentioned above, The Melodious Drum was composed in the mid- to late-1920s and the life-entrustment ritual text resulted from Phabongkha’s meeting with Tagphu Dorjechang in Nagshoe in 1935. Out of the Shugden works that he himself composed, the middling fulfillment ritual [7.15] was composed in 1930 and The Victory Banner Thoroughly Victorious in All Directions [7.13], was composed in 1939, not long before Phabongkha’s death.[90] It is clear that Phabongkha himself only wrote the basic texts of the practice, drawing from an already existent tradition. An exception to this is, however, the Preliminaries for the Life-Entrustment of Shugden [7.12], which appears to have been compiled by Trijang Rinpoche and scribed by Denma Lobsang Dorje based on Phabongkha’s teachings, yet included in Phabongkha’s Collected Works.[91]

What took place then, was a gradual growth of the Shugden practice, beginning with Tagphu Pemavajra’s pure vision, on which Phabongkha based his own select compositions and teachings, and which, in turn, Trijang Rinpoche expanded. Likewise, whatever his motivation for doing so, although teaching on and composing a number of important works on Vajrayogini, Phabongkha did not emphasise the practice anymore than previous eminent teachers like Tuken, and was thus drawing from an already existent tradition in the Gelug lineage. There is currently no evidence to suggest that any emphasis placed on Vajrayogini was aimed at de-centralizing the practices of the three main deities prescribed by Tsongkhapa (Guhyasamaja, Vajrabhairava and Cakrasamvara), or to designate her as the main deity practice of a guru-deity-protector triad. Indeed Phabongkha’s emphasis on Vajrabhairava and Cakrasamvara demonstrate the variety he was inclined to. Similarly, he did not aim at replacing the practices of popular Gelug protectors with that of Dorje Shugden. Shugden was certainly not the only protector that Phabongkha propitiated, as has been demonstrated above, and was not even included amongst the enlightened beings in well-known depictions of the Guru Pūja assembly field (tshogs zhing) used today, which trace their layout to Phabongkha.[92]

Fig.2 Thangka of the Guru Puja assembly field with a depiction of Vajrayoginī, ranked among the class of enlightened ḍakinis. This layout of the assembly field differs from that described by Phabongkha. Qing Dynasty, Yonghegong Temple, Beijing (Photograph by Matt Linden).

Fig.2 Thangka of the Guru Puja assembly field with a depiction of Vajrayoginī, ranked among the class of enlightened ḍakinis. This layout of the assembly field differs from that described by Phabongkha. Qing Dynasty, Yonghegong Temple, Beijing (Photograph by Matt Linden).

Vajrayogini however is included, although she can also be found in a number of different renditions of the Guru Pūja assembly field that pre-date Phabongkha’s arrangement (Fig.2 and 3).

Fig. 3 Detail of Vajrayogini from Fig. 2.

Fig. 3 Detail of Vajrayogini from Fig. 2.

Furthermore at the moment there isn’t sufficient textual evidence to support the suggestion of a reinvention of Gelug tradition by Phabongkha, although he did help to create the conditions for this to eventually happen.

The growing popularity of Dorje Shugden was undoubtedly aided by the composition and printing of Trijang Rinpoche’s texts on the practice, which represented a major portion of the growing body of works on the protector.[93] Trijang Rinpoche’s writings clearly complement Phabongkha’s works but it appears from his autobiography that he was not responsible for any wider or more public dissemination of the practice. Indeed, as has been noted, Trijang Rinpoche was selective in his conferral of Shugden life-entrustments and teachings, suggesting that the wider popularization of the practice appears to have been undertaken by some of his direct students.

Following Trijang Rinpoche’s Shugden works, perhaps the most important are those of Zemey Rinpoche Lobsang Palden Tenzin Yargye (dze smad rin po che blo bzang dpal ldan bstan ‘dzin yar rgyas, 1927-1996), who further composed several texts on the deity, such as retreat instructions, praises, and of course the infamous 1975 Sacred Words of the Competent Father-Guru (pha rgod bla ma’i zhal lung), more commonly known as the Yellow Book, which caused an uproar due to its sectarian, primarily anti-Nyingma, accounts that subsequently led to the current controversy over the deity.[94] Sacred Words, according to Zemey Rinpoche, was composed based on incidental oral accounts heard from Trijang Rinpoche.[95] It is important to note that by this time the cult of Shugden was in the early stages of becoming internationally diffused to a growing mass of devotees by Phabongkha’s, and especially Trijang Rinpoche’s students. As with all living traditions, it continued to evolve. Despite the emphasis placed on an exacting transmission of teachings in all sects of Tibetan Buddhism, there is a tendency for new interpretations, additions, commentaries and other texts to be added to the lineage over time. One cannot however expect the current living tradition to represent fully the intent of its originators.

It is possible that due to the current controversy surrounding Shugden, an even greater polarization has occurred where the most exceptional features of Phabongkha’s teachings and his lineage, i.e. those of Vajrayogini and Dorje Shugden, have been emphasized by all sides of the debate to demonstrate either how much he pushed an extremist pro-Gelug agenda while nonetheless departing from established Gelug tradition, or to demonstrate how he was instead a visionary teacher, promoting the Gelug tradition through his emphasis on a selection of efficacious practices that find their source, one way or another, with Tsongkhapa.
Phabongkha’s works were very multifaceted, to the extent that a variety of different approaches and interpretations were and continue to be extracted from his teachings by his direct and indirect followers.

The almost exclusive devotion to Vajrayogini and Shugden by some appears to have developed after Phabongkha’s death and is an example of this type of selective interpretation. Today the presentation of Phabongkha’s complete lineage on both sides of the Shugden debate are arguably often departures from Phabongkha’s own original tradition, either because of their complete exclusion of the deity, or by an over-emphasis on certain aspect of Phabongkha’s teachings to the detriment of others. This type of over-emphasis on certain aspects is most obvious in relation to Dorje Shugden and Vajrayogini, which today are synonymous with Phabongkha’s legacy, much to the detriment of his other works. Likewise it will simply not do to categorize an emphasis on a simple guru-Vajrayogini-Shugden triad as being representative of Phabongkha’s intentions.

Although Phabongkha did not promote a Phabongkha-Vajrayogini-Shugden triad, the conception that he did clearly emerged. It is important to note that no Gelug teacher who was a direct student of Phabongkha appears to have grouped or presented Phabongkha, Vajrayogini and Shugden together as one central doctrinal practice. Trijang Rinpoche taught and passed on the Vajrayogini and Shugden cycles numerous times, yet in his works there is nothing to suggest that his view and treatment of Phabongkha was anything more than what would result from the usual dynamic between a guru and student. Phabongkha was certainly not elevated to a position in which he displaced Tsongkhapa as the guru-figure of the Gelug tradition.[96]

This conception of a Phabongkha-Vajrayogini-Shugden triad appears to have taken place during the latter half of the twentieth century and is not traceable to Phabongkha or even to Trijang Rinpoche. It is possible that the designation of this systematic three-fold grouping as the central facet of Phabongkha’s teachings by modern scholars and others, may have been informed to a certain extent by the modern praxis of some of the pro-Shugden followers of Phabongkha’s lineage, especially the New Kadampa Tradition – International Kadampa Buddhist Union (NKT-IKBU), who David N. Kay notes, “formulate the Buddhist path in terms of the dictum ‘one guru, one yidam and one Dharma-protector’”, and who strongly emphasize the practices of Vajrayogini and Shugden within this framework.[97] A recent publication by the Dolgyal Shugden Research Society does exactly this, rather arbitrarily suggesting that the NKT-IKBU “mirrors clearly” Phabongkha’s teachings due to their focus on the guru-deity-protector triad.[98]

The conferring of Shugden initiations, or life-entrustments, to large gatherings of people, instead of a small group of select disciples, is not uncommon today in both Tibet and abroad, and the complete exclusion of other central practices such as Vajrabhairava from the ritual repertoire by some teachers are symptoms demonstrating drastic changes in the tradition espoused by Phabongkha.[99] Vajrabhairava, after all, was not only one of Tsongkhapa’s main practices, but self-generation (bdag bskyed) as the deity was prescribed by Phabongkha as the basis for propitiating Shugden. Thus it is important to note that the most popular presentations of Phabongkha’s lineage amongst pro- and anti-Shugden groups both in Tibetan communities and amongst large Gelug or Gelug-derived organizations in the west follow selective transmissions of Phabongkha’s teachings and thus most cannot be taken to be representative of Phabongkha or even Trijang Rinpoche’s original or complete corpus of works and instructions. This is not to be regarded as a criticism of these groups as the selective interpretation and practice of transmission lineages, as well as their continual modification, has existed throughout Tibetan Buddhist history. It is, however, important not to impose current trends in Tibetan Buddhist practice onto our attempts to understand the past.

Evolution and changes in lineage teachings and practice take place naturally and continuously, and certainly do not invalidate a tradition, yet it is imperative to notice what changes have taken place. In the end, the results of these misconceptions about Phabongkha’s central teachings form a distorted image of this important figure, causing him to be misrepresented instead of remembered for his most famous teachings, such as those on the Stages of the Path genre. Even in terms of tantric teachings and practice, the number of his works on the three main Gelug meditational deities outweighs those on Vajrayogini or Dorje Shugden, and the focus of his own practice, disregarding what his students practiced, appears to have been on these as well, with specific attention on Cakrasamvara.

Although future research may necessitate a review of the interpretations expressed in this article, we can certainly say that Phabongkha presented and authored a far richer variety of works and practices than he is given credit for. Current interpretations of his legacy, which are often highly selective, owe more to later lineage descendants than to him. These interpretations then contribute to the divisive discourse we see today without, perhaps, carefully looking back at Phabongkha’s actual writings. Indeed the contents of Phabongkha’s Collected Works speak for themselves in terms of the variety of subjects, deities and practices towards which he was inclined.

 

Footnotes
[1] The research for this article was undertaken at the Department of World Cultures, University of Helsinki and was made possible by a grant from the Finnish Cultural Foundation.
[2]byams brtse’i dkyil ‘khor rnam rdzogs pa/ bstan ‘dzin bde ‘byung gtsug gi rgyan/ ‘phrin las snang bas gser ldan khyon/ kun khyab rgyal ba rgya mtsho’i mgon” (ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje, ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje, rigs dan dkyil ‘khor rgya mtsho’i khyab bdag he ru kah dpal nur smrig gar rol skyabs gcig pha bon kha pa bde chen snin po pal bzan po’i rnam par thar pa don ldan tshans pa’i dbyans snan: The detailed biography of Rje Pha-bon-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-‘dzin-‘phrin-las-rgya-mtsho, Vol. 1 of 2, p. 587). For Donald S. Lopez Jr.’s translation of this praise, based on the same stanza as found in Gendun Chopel’s biography (instead of Phabongkha’s), see Gendun Chopel, In the Forest of Faded Wisdom: 104 Poems by Gendun Chopel, pp. 44-45.
[3] For ease of reference, the titles of texts from Phabongkha’s Collected Works are noted in-text together with their location in the contents as listed in the Appendix, in the following format: [volume number: work number].
[4] Georges Dreyfus, “The Shuk-Den Affair: History and Nature of a Quarrel”, pp. 227-270 and Donald S. Lopez Jr., Prisoners of Shangri-la: Tibetan Buddhism and the West, pp. 188-201.
[5] Several recent anti-Shugden publications include: The Dolgyal Shugden Research Society, Dolgyal Shugden: A History and Raimondo Bultrini, The Dalai Lama and the King Demon: Tracking a Triple Murder Mystery Through the Mists of Time, both published by Tibet House US. A widely distributed pro-Shugden publication is the Western Shugden Society’s A Great Deception: The Ruling Lamas’ Policies.
[6] For an account of such persecution in the Chamdo (chab mdo) region see Chagdud Tulku, Lord of the Dance, p. 107. Similar accounts have been recorded by other Khampa Nyingma teachers as well. Gelek Rimpoche (dge legs rin po che, b.1939) however, noted that Trinle Dhargye (‘phrin las dar rgyas, d.u.), who worked as Phabongkha’s manager (phyag mdzod), stated that he and a group of other disciples went around in Kham and “showed their muscles” without the knowledge of the teacher (interview, 2014).
[7] Lama Zopa Rinpoche (bla ma bzod pa rin po che, b.1946), for example, says that “There’s no way he [Phabongkha] could have done the negative things they say he did.” (Lama Zopa Rinpoche, “Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche, His Holiness the Dalai Lama and Dorje Shugden”, in Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive). A similar opinion is shared by Gelek Rimpoche (interviewed, 2014). Both teachers have publically renounced the practice of Shugden.
[8] Anonymous student of Phabongkha (interview, 2014). Due to the sensitivity of the subject, unless I have received explicit permission to reproduce an interviewee’s name, their identity has been kept anonymous. Interviews for this article took place in several European countries, the US, Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region, primarily with senior Gelug lamas as well as other Gelug practitioners.
[9] In Liberation in Your Hand, for example, Phabongkha is noted as saying “Firstly, you abandon Dharma when, on account of the Mahayana, you depricate the Hinayana, on account of the Hinayana you depricate the Mahayana, or similarly when you depricate sutra, tantra, one the four classes of tantra, or the Sakya (sa skya), Gelug, Kagyu (bka’ rgyud) or Nyingma [traditions] on account of your own school… (dang po chos spong ba ni/ theg chen rgyu mtshan du byas nas theg dman la smod pa dang/ theg dman rgyu mtshan du byas nas theg chen la smod pa/ de bzhin du mdo dang sngags/ rgyud sde bzhi/ sa dge/ ka [sic] rnying sogs rang rang gi grub mtha’ rgyu mtshan du byas nas gzhan la smod pa mtha’ dag yin/…)” (pha bong kha bde chen snying po, “rnam grol lag bcangs su gtod pa’i man ngag zab mo tshang la ma nor ba mtshungs med chos kyi rgyal po’i thugs bcud byang chub lam gyi rim pa’i nyams khrid kyi zin bris gsung rab kun gyi bcud bsdus gdams ngag bdud rtsi’i snying po”, p. 172.) However there are numerous textual sources attributed to Phabongkha which appear to present a different view, for instance that presented in a collection of notes based on Phabongkha’s talks given in Chamdo (ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje, “skyabs rje pha bong kha pa chab mdor bzhugs skabs snyan sgron du gsol zer ba’i yig rdzus kyi dpyad don mchan bus bkrol ba dpyod ldan bzhin ‘dzum dgod ba’i thal skad rnga chen bskul ba’i dbyu gu”). The text includes discussions on Nyingma terma (gter ma) teachings, of which many were considered by him and his followers to be “absolutely false Dharmas that are unworthy of being practiced” (“mtha’ gcig tu rdzun chos yin pas nyams su len mi rung”) (Ibid., p. 26). It thus appears, as also pointed out by one Gelug practitioner (interviewed in Nepal, 2015), that Phabongkha and his students are making a distinction between the Nyingma tradition, its originators and their teachings, who are to be respected, and a selection of terma cycles that he considers degenerate. A number of such terma are mentioned throughout the text, including the famous Namchö (gnam chos) cycle, and several cycles of the Peaceful and Wrathful Deities (zhi khro) practice, many of which are accused of corrupting the Buddhist teachings with heretical (mu stegs) views derived, for example, from Brahmanical and Bon sources (Ibid., pp. 26, 34-35). These types of accusations and condemnations of specific terma cycles as being inauthentic are certainly not unique to Phabongkha and his students and have been expressed in relation to other teachings by previous Buddhist scholars. In this specific work, Phabongkha cites a number of earlier Buddhist scholars who denounced such “false” terma cycles. For a discussion of earlier denunciations of terma literature by Tibetan Buddhist figures of various traditions see, for example, Andreas Doctor, Tibetan Treasure Literature: Revelation, Tradition and Accomplishment in Visionary Buddhism, pp. 31-38.
[10] See the brief description of Shugden’s wrathful activities in pha bong kha, “rgyal chen srog gtad kyi sngon ‘gro bshad pa’i mtshams sbyor kha skong”, pp. 534-535. A section of this has been translated in Dreyfus, “The Shuk-Den Affair”, pp. 249-250.
[11] Lopez, Prisoners, p. 190.
[12] The same understanding of the Phabongkha-Vajrayogini-Shugden trinity is observed in Georges Dreyfus, “The Shuk-Den Affair”, p. 246, as will be discussed below, and perpetuated in, for example, The Dolgyal Shugden Research Society, Dolgyal Shugden: A History, p. 50 and Simon Francis Stirling Daisely, Exorcising Luther: Confronting the Demon of Modernity in Tibetan Buddhism, 2012, pp. 162-163.
[13] Many of Phabongkha’s works, and those of his students, have been translated into English. These works, of which several have been translated more than once by different translators, are largely sadhanas, their commentaries, as well as several longer works on the lamrim. In the material presented here I have chosen to always refer to the original Tibetan sources cited, when available.
[14] For the Chophel Legdan edition see Pha-bong-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-‘dzin-‘phrin-las rgya-mtsho, Collected Works of Pha-bong-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-‘dzin-‘phrin-las rgya-mtsho. For the Lhasa edition see pha bong kha, khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum.
[15] For the supplementary volume see Pha-bon-kha-pa Bde-chen-snin-po, A Collection of Supplemental Works of Skyabs-rje Pha-bon-kha-pa Bde-chen-snin-po reproduced from blockprints recently found by Ven. Khri-byan Rin-po-che.
[16] See pha bong kha, “sgra mi snyan gyi tshe khrid kyi ‘don chog khyer bde sogs lhag lha’i sgrub thabs skor phyogs bsgrigs”, pp. 27-57. The works included under this title include the practice of Amitayus entitled “Guide to the Lifespan of Kurava” (pp. 28-35), as well as short practices of Sita Tara (pp. 35-36), Sita Manjusri (pp. 36-39), Kurukulla (pp. 39-40), Avalokitesvara Jinasagara (pp. 40-42), Vajrapaṇi-Hayagriva-Garuda (pp. 42-43), Samayavajra (pp. 43-44), a combined practice of Clear-dream Tara (rmi lam gsal ba’i sgrol ma) and sramaṇi (pp. 45-46), Five-deity Cakrasamvara (pp. 49-52) and finally a short daily Vajrayogini sadhana (pp. 52-57).
[17] The lines are considered a recitation commitment for those who have received a Mother Tantra (ma rgyud) empowerment. See pha bong kha, “thun drug bla ma’i rnal ‘byor dang /sdom pa nyi shu pa/ bla ma lnga bcu pa/ sngags kyi rtsa ltung sbom po bcas kyi bshad khrid gnang ba’i zin tho mdor bsdus/”, p. 115.
[18] The cycle consists largely of different manifestations of Manjusri in his outer, inner and secret (phyi nang gsang) forms, as well as other deities such as Krodhakali (khros ma nag mo). Several variant names exist for the Ganden Hearing Lineage, including the “Hearing Lineage of Protector Manjusri” (‘jam mgon snyan brgyud), which is used in relation to the transmission of this cycle in bstan pa’i rgyal mtshan, “‘jam dbyangs chos skor gyi rjes gnang gi zin tho nyung bsdus”, p. 3108.
[19] pha bong kha, “rnam grol lag bcangs”, p. 76. The lineage is associated with a specific transmission of the Fifth Dalai Lama Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso’s (ngag dbang lo bzang rgya mtsho, 1642-1682) work, The Words of Manjusri (‘jam dpal zhal lung).
[20] pha bong kha, “rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo’i dkyil ‘khor gyi cho ga bde chen dga’ ston”, p. 128.
[21] ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje, tshans pa’i dbyans snan, Vol. 1 of 2, pp. 377-378. It is important to note that both a one-volume and a two-volume edition of the biography composed by Denma Lobsang Dorje (ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje, 1908-1975) exist. The well-known two-volume version cited above is today relatively widely available as it is a Delhi reprint of the original Lhasa manuscript (presumably of the single-volume edition). This Delhi reprint, together with its new introduction by Trijang Rinpoche, contains a number of significant edits, with the majority located in the second volume. For example, letters of correspondence between Phabongkha and the Thirteenth Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso (thub bstan rgya mtsho, 1876-1933), in which the Dalai Lama chastises Phabongkha for his propitiation of Shugden, and Phabongkha in turn promises to renounce the practice, can be found quoted within the one-volume edition (ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje. rigs dang dkyil ‘khor rgya mtsho’i khyab bdag he ru kah dpal ngur smrig gar rol skyabs gcig pha bong kha pa bde chen snying po pal bzang po’i rnam par thar pa don ldan tshangs pa’i dbyangs snyan, 1 vol., pp. 939-940), but not in the later edition. In the Delhi reprint this material has been removed and the relevant original wood-block-printed folios replaced by copies of newly edited and handwritten material (tshans pa’i dbyans snan, Vol. 2 of 2, pp. 54-57), clearly intentionally missing out this specific uncomfortable exchange. This patch-like editorial work is also evi-dent elsewhere, for example on p. 52, Vol. 2 of the same Delhi reprint, where only several sentences have been removed and clearly re-written. The two-volume edition in its Delhi reprint further demonstrates unusual variation with regard to the illustrations of enlightened beings and protectors (including Shugden) placed at the beginning and end folios of the manuscript. The images of protectors at the end of the biography are the same in both editions, whereas those at the beginning differ, although the actual blocks from which the text was printed are clearly the same. From a comparison it is obvious that the images in the initial pages of the one-volume edition are those of the original xylographs, whereas those in the two-volume Delhi reprint are new drawings which were superimposed over the original images.
[22] pha bong kha, “rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo’i dkyi ‘khor gyi cho ga bde chen dga’ ston”, pp. 128-129. The colophon of the self-entry gives a more detailed history of the text than the biography does.
[23] ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje, tshans pa’i dbyans snan, Vol. 1 of 2, pp. 377-378.
[24] An account of this story can be found in pha bong kha, “rgyal chen srog gtad kyi sngon ‘gro”, pp. 539-540.
[25] khri byang rin po che blo bzang ye shes bstan ‘dzin rgya mtsho, yongs rdzogs bstan pa’i mnga’ bdag skyabs rje yongs ‘dzin khri byang rdo rje ‘chang chen po’i gsung ‘bum, 8 vols.
[26] khri byang rin po che, yongs rdzogs bstan pa’i mnga’ bdag skyabs rje yongs ‘dzin khri byang rdo rje ‘chang chen po’i gsung ‘bum, Vol.5.
[27] khri byang rin po che, “dge ldan bstan pa bsrung ba’i lha mchog sprul pa’i chos rgyal chen po rdo rje shugs ldan rtsal gyi gsang gsum rmad du byung ba’i rtogs pa brjod pa’i gtam du bya ba dam can rgya mtsho dgyes pa’i rol mo”, pp. 5-159.
[28] According to khri byang rin po che, “dga’ ldan khri chen byang chub chos ‘phel gyi skye gral du rlom pa’i gyi na pa zhig gis rang gi ngag tshul ma bchos lhug par bkod pa ‘khrul snang sgyu ma’i zlos gar”, p. 99, in 1922 he received, for example, the Cittamani Tara heart-entry permission initiation (nying zhugs rjes gnang) and a long-life initiation from the Thangtong Hearing Lineage (thang stong snyan brgyud) called the “Glorious Grant of Immortality” (‘chi med dpal ster), directly from Pemavajra.
[29] khri byang rin po che, “rje btsun ma sgrol ma’i sgrub thabs tsit+ta ma Ni dang ‘brel ba’i bsnyen yig ‘phags ma snying gi khab tu bsu ba’i yid ‘phrog dri za’i gling bu”, pp. 175. I have been unable to locate the other text within the contents of Phabongkha’s Collected Works.
[30] Two works on Cittamani can be found, for example, in ‘jigs smed bsam gtan, “mkhas grub chen po khyab bdag stag phu rin po ches gsungs pa’i rje btsun sgrol ma’i bdag ‘jug mkhas grub dam pa’i zhal lung”, pp. 803-836 and Ibid., “khyab bdag stag phu’i dag snang rje btsun sgrol ma’i me lha’i bsnyen pa dang bsnyen sgrub sbrags ma bcu cha’i sbyin sreg rnams kyi tho tsam bkod pa dngos grub ‘gugs pa’i lcags kyu”, pp. 851-865.
[31] See khri byang rin po che, “khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum pod ka pa’i dkar chag”, pp. 2-7.
[32] Ibid., p. 5
[33] Ibid., pp. 2-5.
[34] Ibid., p. 6.
[35] Ibid., p. 7.
[36] Anonyomous student of Phabongkha (interview, 2014).
[37] Ibid.
[38] For a listing and translation of the contents of the volume see the Appendix. The contents of the volume are catalogued in “pha bong kha rje btsun byams pa bstan ‘dzin ‘phrin las kyi gsung ‘bum (dkar chag)”, pp. 865-874. The Potala’s set is the most complete copy of Phabongkha’s Collected Works that I know of. A twelve-volume edition of the Collected Works is listed in the catalogue of the Bibliothèque du Collège de France, however the twelfth volume of this set is simply a copy of Phabongkha’s biography, tshangs pa’i dbyangs snyan, which is not a part of the actual Collected Works set.
[39] The retreat manual has already been discussed above (khri byang rin po che, “‘phags ma snying gi khab tu bsu ba’i yid ‘phrog dri za’i gling bu”, pp. 175).
[40] Pha-bong-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-‘dzin-‘phrin-las rgya-mtsho, Collected Works of Pha-bong-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-‘dzin-‘phrin-las rgya-mtsho.
[41] The supplement was published as Pha-bon-kha-pa Bde-chen-snin-po, A Collection of Supplemental Works of Skyabs-rje Pha-bon-kha-pa Bde-chen-snin-po reproduced from blockprints recently found by Ven. Khri-byan Rin-po-che.
[42] Note that the contents of the volume are as given on the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center’s (TBRC) website (Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. “Outline: skyabs rje pha bong kha pa bde chen snying po’i gsung ‘bum kha skong”). However, the website lists another title, An Appendix to the Composition of the Vairochana-Abhisambodhi (rnam snang mngon byang gi thig rtsa’i zur ‘debs), following this first Vairocana text. However within the volume itself this text is not given its own title page and is instead incorporated into An Ornament Embellishing Arising Wisdom.
[43] Each folio of the Lhasa edition of Phabongkha’s Collected Worksq is marked with the Tibetan letter denoting which volume the page and work as a whole is from.
[44] The eleventh volume also contains no contents page, however this is explained by the fact that the volume is made up of one single text.
[45] I have not been able to access the Potala’s set to ascertain whether or not all the texts in the twelfth volume are marked with the letter “na“, which would suggest they were printed as one definitive volume. This is unlikely, however, as it appears that before the official Lhasa edition was finalised and released to a wider readership the texts within the twelfth volume were dispersed, as noted above, with several entering the tenth volume, and being denoted as such with the engraving of the letter tha. The Potala’s holding thus seems to represent an early working version of the Collected Works, one which was acquired by the palace library before the wider release of the set, and the reconfiguration of its final volumes.
[46] The fact that the Sixty-Four Part Offering was published separately from the Collected Works is noted in the colophon of pha bong kha, drug cu ba’i ‘don bsgrigs ‘khyer bde nag ‘gros su bkod pa las bzhi’i ‘phrin las myur ‘grub, 2014, printed as a separate text in Lhasa. The same colophon can be found in several prayer books containing the ritual text. The text’s exclusion from the Collected Works is also noted in Sharpa Tulku and Richard Guard, Meditations on Vajrabhairava, p. 113. It appears that this text was intended to be included in one of the unpublished volumes, as suggested by an anonymous student of Phabongkha (interviewed, 2014). Although the sixty-four part torma offering receives attention in Vol. 3 of the currently available Lhasa edition of the Collected Works [3.6], this is not the same text being discussed here. The 2014 Lhasa print of the text adds that it was published by the Sandutsang (sa ‘du tshang) family, a Khampa trading family whose members included several government officials.
[47] The text was published with two other works in a compilation put together by Phabongkha’s students, however I have seen or received no indication that this was amongst the texts that would have been destined for Phabongkha’s Collected Works. See ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje, “skyabs rje pha bong kha pa chab mdor bzhugs skabs snyan sgron du gsol zer ba’i yig rdzus kyi dpyad don mchan bus bkrol ba dpyod ldan bzhin ‘dzum dgod pa’i thal skad rnga chen bskul ba’i dbyu gu”.
[48] pha bong kha, “dpal stag phu’i gsang chos rgya can bcu gsum gyi smin byed dbang chog chu ‘babs bkod pa don gnyis ‘bras bus brjid pa’i yongs ‘du’i dbang po”. The work is also available today as a separate text. The only widely known extant copy of the Tagphu Collected Works is in the Potala collection and although this initiation text is listed in the contents given in “stag phu ‘jam dpal bstan pa’i dngos grub bam pad+ma bdzra’i gsung ‘bum (dkar chag)”, pp. 860-861, it has been impossible to compare the contents with the widely available version.
[49] ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje, tshans pa’i dbyans snan, Vol. 1 of 2, p. 359.
[50] This is mentioned in the colophon of the stand-alone edition of the text, Pha-bon-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-‘dzin-phrin-las-rgya-mtsho, dpal stag phu’i gsan chos rgya can bcu gsum gyi dban chog chu ‘babs su bkod pa don gnis ‘bras bus brjid pa’i yons ‘du’i dban po: Initiation texts for the practice of the visionary teachings received by the Second Stag-phu Sprul-sku Blo bzan-chos-kyi-dban-phyug (gar-dban-padma-swara), p. 439.
[51] pha bong kha, “‘jam mgon bstan srung yongs kyi thu bo mchog/ /rdo rje shugs ldan srog dbang zab mo’i tshul/ /byin rlabs rin chen phung po ‘dren ba yi/ /yid ches nor bu’i shing rta”, p. 523
[52] pha bong kha, “dge ldan bstan srung dgra lha’i rgyal po srid gsum skye dgu’i srog bdag dam ldan bu bzhin skyong ba’i lha mchog sprul pa’i rgyal chen rdo rje shugs ldan rigs lnga rtsal gyi sger bskang rgyas pa phyogs las rnam par rgyal ba’i rnga dbyangs”, pp. 665-666.
[53] Ibid. pp. 666-667.
[54] These two epithets can be found, for example, in the titles of several of Phabongkha’s works. See pha bong kha, “yid ches nor bu’i shing rta”, p. 505 and pha bong kha, “rnam par rgyal ba’i rnga dbyangs”, p. 611. Also see Dreyfus, “The Shuk-Den Affair”, p. 247.
[55] Dreyfus, “The Shuk-Den Affair”, p. 246.
[56] Note that in the content pages to the seventh printed volume, one of the works, The Increasing and Auspicious Akṣara Garland (ak+Sha ra’i phreng ba) [7.6] is not listed separately, possibly because it is a very brief work of only three pages. The text is, however, included on the contents listing prepared by the TBRC.
[57] The belief that Shugden’s actual nature is Manjusri is noted for example, in khri byang rin po che, “dam can rgya mtsho dgyes pa’i rol mo”, p. 7-8, where Shugden is called “Wrathful Manjusri” (‘jam dpal drag po) and as being indivisible from the meditational deity Yamantaka (gshin rje gzhed dang dbyer med), who is also considered a wrathful manifestation of Manjusri. Nevertheless Trijang Rinpoche still distinguishes between wisdom-being dharma protectors (chos skyong ye shes pa) such as Dharmaraja (chos kyi rgyal po) and dharma protectors who appear in a mundane aspect (‘jig rten pa’i rnam pa ni chos skyong), such as Shugden (Ibid., p. 15).
[58] See, for example, a life-entrustment ritual of the five forms of Pehar by Tuken Lobsang Chokyi Nyima (thu’u bkwan blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma, 1737-1802), whose ritual type (i.e. a life-entrustment) suggests the protectors are worldly deities, but are nonetheless described as being manifestations of Hayagriva, an enlightened wrathful deity: blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma, “rta mgrin gsang sgrub kyi chos skor las/ bka’ srung rgyal po sku lnga’i srog gtad bya tshul ches gsal ba/ ‘phrin las sgo ‘byed/”, pp. 775-789. Another example of a protector that is considered outwardly to be a worldly being but in reality believed to be enlightened, is Setrab Chen (bse khrab can), who is generally categorized as a gyalpo, yaksha (gnod sbyin) or tsen (btsan) spirit, but is also believed to be an emanation of Buddha Amitabha by Ganden Shartse Dratsang (dga’ ldan shar rtse grwa tshang), for example, who continue to propitiate the deity as their special protector. This is also mentioned in khri byang rin po che, “dam can rgya mtsho dgyes pa’i rol mo”, p. 8, along with several other protectors who play such dual roles, including the “Five Gyalpos who Show a Worldly Form” (‘jig rten par bstan pa rgyal po sku lnga), i.e. the five forms of Pehar, who here are described as actually being manifestations of the heads of the five buddha clans (rgyal ba rigs lnga) (Ibid. p. 8-9).
[59] The Five Long-life Sisters, Tsering Chenga (tshe ring mched lnga) are yet another example of a contested type of protector. See Réne de Nebesky-Wojkowitz, Oracles and Demons of Tibet: The Cult and Iconography of the Tibetan Protective Deities, p. 177.
[60] For the Tagphu commentary see blo bzang bstan pa’i rgyal tshan, “rje btsun rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma nA ro mkha’ spyod kyi rim gnyis zab mo’i nyams len bai DU r+ya zhun ma’i them skas sogs chos tshan khag cig”, for Tuken’s Vajrayogini works see those in blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma, rje bstun bla ma dam pa thu’u bkwan blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum, Vol. 8, and for Dharmabhadra’s works, see dngul chu d+harma b+ha dra, Collected Works (gsung ‘bum) of nul-chu dharma-bhadra, Vols. 2, 4 and 6. For a mention of how the works of these authors were used by Phabongkha in his own writings, see pha bong kha, “dkyil ‘khor gyi cho ga bde chen dga’ ston”, pp. 128-130. Even the Fifth Dalai Lama composed a work which can be found in his Collected Works (ngag dbang blo bzang rgya mtsho, “nA ro mkha’ spyod kyi rnal ‘byor bcu gcig gi nyams len la sgro ‘dogs gcod pa dang sems ‘dzin zung ‘brel du gtong tshul mthong grol lde mig”, pp. 355-368.)
[61] Tuken, Rolpai Dorje and Lobsang Tenpai Gyaltsen were contemporaries who also had student-teacher relationships between each other. The Qianlong Emperor himself received the Cakrasamvara and Vajrayogini initiations (Elizabeth Benard, “The Qianlong Emperor and Tibetan Buddhism”, pp. 125-126).
[62] This is according to the late Lama Lobsang Darjy (bla ma blo bsang dar rgyas, 1967-2010), a former vajracarya of Ragya Monastery (ra rgya dgon). Several sacred sites associated with Vajrayogini continue as functioning pilgrimage sites in Amdo, although I do not have the space to discuss them here.
[63] As was the case with the history of the composition of the self-entry text Festival of Great Bliss, attributed to requests by Lady Dagbhrum and Ngawang Gyatso, as has already been discussed.
[64] This common practice was confirmed by Gelek Rimpoche (interview, 2014).
[65] For Tuken’s sadhana see blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma, “nA ro mkha’ spyod kyi sgrub thabs thun mong ma yin pa bde chen nye lam”. Although it is not mentioned in the colophon of Phabongkha’s sadhana that it was composed based on a request, his biography mentions that it was Lady Dagbhrum who implored her teacher to review the practice text (ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje, tshans pa’i dbyans snan, Vol. 1 of 2, pp. 377-378). These Gelug sadhana texts were of course ultimately largely based on Sakya compositions.
[66] Dreyfus, “The Shuk-Den Affair”, p. 246. It would be worth noting here that no works on a deity known as “Tara Cintamaṇi” (i.e. sgrol ma yi bzhin nor bu) are listed in Phabongkha’s Collected Works, although both Sita Tara Cintachakra (sgrol dkar yi bzhin ‘khor lo), the popular long-life deity, and Tara Cittamani (sgrol ma tsit+ta ma Ni) appear. Out of these, Dreyfus is referring to the Cittamani Tara lineage, which Phabongkha received from Tagphu (n.b. stag phu) Pemavajra, and which, although indeed having its origins in the Tagphu incarnation lineage, stems back further than Phabongkha’s immediate teacher. The cycle is attributed to the visions of Tagphu Lobsang Tenpai Gyaltsen (stag phu blo bzang bstan pa’i rgya mtshan, 1714-1762) and his reincarnation Tagphu Lobsang Chokyi Wangchuk (stag phu blo bzang chos kyi dbang phyug, 1765-1792), often considered, respectively, the first and second Tagphu incarnations. Lobsang Chokyi Wangchuk was also known as Gargyi Wangpo (gar gyi dbang po) and composed the widely used generation stage sadhana of Cittamani Tara (blo bzang chos kyi dbang phyug, sgrol ma tsit+ta ma Ni la brten pa’i thun mong ma yin pa’i bla ma’i rnal ‘byor thar par bgrod pa’i them skas).
[67] Dreyfus, “The Shuk-Den Affair”, p. 246.
[68] Although only one text is apparent in the contents of the Collected Works, as discussed earlier, a second manual composed by Phabongkha on Cittamani may exist.
[69] blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma, “nA ro mkha’ spyod ma’i sgrub thabs rgyas pa pad+ma rA ga’i them skas”, p. 2a.
[70] Dreyfus, “The Shuk-Den Affair”, p. 246-247.
[71] blo bzang nor bu shes rab, “‘jam mgon bstan srung rgyal chen rdo rje shugs ldan rtsal gyi ‘phrin bcol bya tshul”, pp. 241-250. Two other Shugden invocation texts are included in the same volume. Unfortunately the actual works appear to have been removed from the set before the edition was acquired and made available by the TBRC. The titles of these works are still listed on p. 4 of the same volume, in the contents list. Trinley Kalsang, in the introduction to his webpage (Trinley Kalsang, “Among Shugden Texts”, in Dorje Shugden History), notes that this type of elevated title for Shugden was “coined in the 18th or 19th century”. I, however, would suggest that it was perhaps coined even earlier, in the seventeenth or eighteenth century.
[72] See, for example, pha bong kha, “rnam grol lag bcangs”, p. 758.
[73] “…rgyud thams cad kyi snying po rab dang phul dang rtse mo mthar thug pa“. khri byang rin po che, “dga’ ldan khri chen byang chub chos ‘phel gyi skye gral du rlom pa’i gyi na pa zhig gis rang gi ngag tshul ma bchos lhug par bkod pa ‘khrul snang sgyu ma’i zlos gar”, p. 190 .
[74] Rilbur Rinpoche. “Pabongka Rinpoche: A Memoir by Rilbur Rinpoche”, p. 12. It is unclear if the site being referred to is indeed Tashi Choeling or not as Rilbur Rinpoche says the site was a “cave”. Tashi Choeling was one of Phabongkha’s principal residences, although it did not contain a cave. A separate sacred cave site, associated with Phabongkha and known as Takten Dragphuk (rtag brtan brag phug), however, is located up the mountain from Tashi Choeling. Thus the site being referred to could be either one of these locations, both of which were owned by Phabongkha.
[75] “Mahakala: Brahmarupa (Brahmin Form)” in Himalayan Art.
[76] Caturmukha Mahakala is commonly known to have been one of Tulku Dragpa Gyaltsen’s (sprul ku grags pa rgyal mtshan, 1619-1656) important protector deities and was also associated with Shugden in both the Sakya and Gelug traditions (interview, Lhasa, 2015). Dragpa Gyaltsen is the historical figure believed to have arisen as Shugden after his death. Indeed, a statue of Brahmarūpa continues to be displayed today next to the principal statue of Shugden at Lhasa’s main Dorje Shugden temple, Trode Khangsar (spro bde khang gsar). While these links to Shugden do exist, this form of Mahakala was also known to Tsongkhapa and indeed far pre-dates Shugden and the Gelug tradition as a whole, with its lineage rooted in India in both Gelug and Sakya traditions. Shugden has also been linked to a number of other mainstream Gelug deities such as Vajrabhairava and Manjusri, of whom he is considered an manifestation of, as well as the protector Setrab, with whom he is said to have an affinity with.
[77] The procedure is given in pha bong kha, “shugs ldan gyi bsnyen sgrub las gsum gyi rnam gzhag dgos ‘dod yid bzhin re skong phyogs las rnam par rgyal ba’i rgyal mtshan”, pp. 543-544
[78] pha bong kha, “yid ches nor bu’i shing rta”, p. 507, explicity says “re gnyis tsam“, which could also be interpreted as meaning “one or two”. The text itself is sealed (bka’ rgya ma), and warns that it must not be read by those without pure samaya.
[79] For one of these mentions see khri byang rin po che, “‘khrul snang sgyu ma’i zlos gar”, p. 363. Here, in his autobiography, Trijang Rinpoche specifically notes that he gave the life-entrustment to groups of three monks at a time (gsum tshan).
[80] The most famous such mention in the Gelug tradition can be found in the Guru Pūja (bla ma mchod pa): “You are the guru, you are the deity, you are the dakini and dharma protector” (“khyod ni bla ma khyod ni yi dam khyod ni mkha’ ‘gro chos skyong ste”) and refers to one’s guru in the visualized manifestation of Lama Lobsang Tubwang Dorjechang (bla ma blo bzang thub dbang rdo rje ‘chang), a form of Tsongkhapa (blo bzang chos kyi rgyal mtshan, zab lam bla ma mchod pa’i cho ga bde stong dbyer med ma, p. 35). An example of a more exceptional case that does specify the specific figures identified as the guru, deity and protector is a daily practice text by Lobsang Tamdrin (blo bzang rta mgrin, 1867-1937) which gives Tsongkhapa as the guru-figure, Vajrabhairava as the deity and Chamsing (lcam sring) as the protector (“bla ma yi dam chos skyong dbyer med kyi rnal ‘byor rgyun ‘khyer ma”, pp. 71-74). Lobsang Tamdrin was a contemporary of Phabongkha and also composed a number of Shugden ritual texts.
[81] pha bong kha, “shugs ldan gyi bsnyen sgrub las gsum gyi rnam gzhag dgos ‘dod yid bzhin re skong phyogs las rnam par rgyal ba’i rgyal mtshan”, p. 554.
[82] pha bong kha, “rnam par rgyal ba’i rnga dbyangs”, pp. 631-632.
[83] ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje, tshans pa’i dbyans snan, Vol. 1 of 2, p. 368. The site is also commonly known as Demchog Sinpori (bde mchog srin po ri). The statue itself is said to come from India and the mountain behind the monastery is considered sacred to Cakrasamvara.
[84] Ibid., p. 5.
[85] David Gonsalez, “Translator’s Preface”, p. 5.
[86] Anonymous student of Phabongkha (interview, 2014).
[87] For more on the Emanation Scripture see Jan Willis, Enlightened Beings: Life Stories from the Ganden Oral Tradition, pp. 161-162.
[88] Jackson, Roger R., “The dGe ldan-bKa’ brgyud Tradition of Mahamudra: How Much dGe ldan? How much bKa’ brgyud?”, p. 181. Here “dGe ldan” refers to the Gelug oral transmission lineage. See Ibid., p. 165 for other interpretations of the title.
[89] Samuel, Geoffrey, Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies, p. 546.
[90] pha bong kha, khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum, Vol. 7, pp. 609, 687.
[91] Although this is the case, clearly this work was included into this corpus and not Trijang Rinpoche’s Collected Works, suggesting that the work was considered fit to be attributed directly to Phabongkha and not to Trijang Rinpoche, most likely as it was considered a true record of an oral teaching of Phabongkha’s. pha bong kha, “rgyal chen srog gtad kyi sngon ‘gro bshad pa’i mtshams sbyor kha skong”, p. 540.
[92] Today it is possible to find depictions of the assembly field that include Shugden, however these post-date Phabongkha, and to my knowledge, even Trijang Rinpoche. For an oral description of the layout of this assembly field by pha bong kha, rnam grol lag bcangs, pp. 192-203.
[93] The numerous well-known teachers who contributed to this include figures such as the Tenth Panchen Lama Chokyi Gyaltsen (chos kyi rgyal mtshan, 1938-1989), who composed a fulfillment ritual (bskang chog) to the deity and his five families (blo bzang ‘phrin las lhun grub chos kyi rgyal mtshan, “‘jam mgon rgyal ba’i bstan srung rdo rje shugs ldan rig lnga drag po rtsal gyi bskang chog las bzhi lhun gyis ‘grub pa’i sgra dbyangs”, pp. 55-98), adding to the growing corpus of text on this deity.
[94] See blo bzang dpal ldan bstan ‘dzin yar rgyas, “mthu dang stobs kyis che ba’i bstan srung chen po rdo rje shugs ldan rtsal gyi byung ba brjod pa pha rgod bla ma’i zhal gyi bdud rtsi’i chu khur brtsegs shing ‘jigs rung glog zhags ‘gyur ba’i sprin nag ‘khrugs pa’i nga ro zhes bya ba bzhugs so”, pp. 571-650.
[95] Ibid., p. 577.
[96] Although Georges Dreyfus suggests that Phabongkha elevated himself to the position of the guru-figure of the Gelug tradition (Dreyfus, “The Shuk-Den Affair”, p. 246) Simon Daisley is even more explicit and interprets Dreyfus’ statement as specifically meaning that Phabongkha replaced Tsongkhapa (Daisley, Exorcising Luther, p. 163).
[97] David N. Kay, Tibetan and Zen Buddhism in Britain: Transplantation, Development and Adaption, 2004, p. 100. The NKT-IKBU is headed by a student of Trijang Rinpoche, Geshe Kelsang Gyasto (dge bshes bkal bzang rgya mtsho, 1931-). Geshe Kelsang Gyatso, Heart Jewel: The Essential Practices of Kadampa Buddhism, p. 90, mentions that “Many sadhanas of Dorje Shugdän state that Dorje Shugdän is the embodiement of the ‘Guru, Yidam and Protector”, although no sources are listed. The explanation given by Kelsang Gyatso to this line states that the guru refers to Tsongkhapa, and that Shugden is the embodient of all dharma protectors. Alt- hough not stated in this specific explanation, the meditational deities within this NKT-IKBU triad are Cakrasamvara and especially Vajrayogini, as are clear from Kelsang Gyatso’s numerous other writings. Tsongkhapa, in turn, is meant to be viewed as the embodiment of one’s own guru, in this case Kelsang Gyatso. This presentation of the triad has been interpreted by at least some of Kelsang Gyatso’s students to be representative of Phabongkha’s views, as one follower writes on a blog created “for the benefit of Kadampa Buddhist practitioners” (“Purpose of this Website” in Dorje Shugden Debate): “One of Je Phabongkhapa’s principal innovations was to reduce our Deity practice into the threefold: Guru (Je Tsongkhapa), Yidam (Heruka or Vajrayogini) and Protector (Dorje Shugden)” (“Claim: Dorje Shugden was not taught by Je Tsongkhapa” in Dorje Shugden Debate).
[98] The Dolgyal Shugden Research Society, Dolgyal Shugden: A History, pp. 142-143.
[99] Amongst its many amendments to the tradition as it was received from Trijang Rinpoche, the conferral of mass Shugden initiations as well as the exclusion of the practices of Guhyasamaja,Vajrabhairava and Cittamani Tara are also facets of the NKT-IKBU, who nevertheless maintain that that they follow the “pure tradi- tion” of Tsongkhapa, Phabongkha and Trijang Rinpoche. The term “pure tradi- tion” is used commonly in material published by the NKT, see, for example, Ge- she Kelsang Gyatso, Heart Jewel, p. vii. Non-tantric deviations from mainstream Gelug practice include, for example, a unique NKT-IKBU monastic ordination lineage, as noted on the NKT-IKBU website: “The way of granting ordination within the NKT tradition was designed by Geshe Kelsang Gyatso” (NKT-IKBU, Modern Kadampa Buddhism, 2014).



Bibliography

English Sources

Benard, Elizabeth. “The Qianlong Emperor and Tibetan Buddhism”, in James A Millward et al. (eds.), New Qing Imperial History: The Making of Inner Asian Empire at Qing Chengde. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004, pp. 123-135.

Bultrini, Raimondo. The Dalai Lama and the King Demon: Tracking a Triple Murder Mystery Through the Mists of Time. New York: Tibet House US, 2013 [Google play edition].

Chagdud Tulku. Lord of the Dance. Kathmandu: Pilgrim’s Publishing, 2001 [Padma Publishing edition, 1992].

“Claim: Dorje Shugden was not taught by Je Tsongkhapa”, in Dorje Shugden Debate, http://dorjeshugdendebate.wordpress.com/the-debate-on-dorje-shugden-practice/outline-of-main-arguments/2- reasons-stated-by-the-dalai-lama-for-the-ban/2-secondary- reasons/4-dorje-shugden-was-not-taught-by-je-tsongkhapa/, (accessed 07/05/2014).

Daisely, Simon Francis Stirling. Exorcising Luther: Confronting the De- mon of Modernity in Tibetan Buddhism [unpublished MA Thesis]. Uni- versity of Canterbury, 2012, http://hdl.handle.net/10092/7329, (ac- cessed 21/05/2014).

De Nebesky-Wojkowitz, Réne. Oracles and Demons of Tibet: The Cult and Iconography of the Tibetan Protective Deities. Kathmandu & Varana- si: Book Faith India, 1996 [Second Reprint].

Doctor, Andreas. Tibetan Treasure Literature: Revelation, Tradition and Accomplishment in Visionary Buddhism, 2005, Ithaca: Snow Lion, pp. 31-38.

The Dolgyal Shugden Research Society. Dolgyal Shugden: A History.

New York: Tibet House US, 2014 [Google play edition].

Dreyfus, Georges. “The Shuk-Den Affair: History and Nature of a Quarrel”, in Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies (Vol. 21, no. 2). 1998, pp. 227-270.

Gendun Chopel. In the Forest of Faded Wisdom: 104 Poems by Gendun Chopel. Donald S. Lopez Jr. (trans., ed.). Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Geshe Kelsang Gyatso. Heart Jewel: The Essential Practices of Kadampa Buddhism. London: Tharpa Publications, 1991 [Motilal Banarsidass edition, 2002].

Gonsalez, David. “Translator’s Preface”, in Kachen Yeshe Gyaltsen, Manjushri’s Innermost Secret: A Profound Commentary of Oral Instruc- tions on the Practice of Lama Chöpa. David Gonsalez (trans.). Seattle: Dechen Ling Press, 2013.

Jackson, Roger R. “The dGe ldan-bKa’ brgyud Tradition of Mahamudra: How Much dGe ldan? How much bKa’ brgyud?”, in Guy Newland (ed.), Changing Minds: Contributions to the Study of Bud- dhism and Tibet in Honor of Jeffrey Hopkins. Ithaca: Snow Lion Publica- tions, 2001.

Kay, David N. Tibetan and Zen Buddhism in Britain: Transplantation, Development and Adaption. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.

Lama Zopa Rinpoche. “Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche, His Holiness the Dalai Lama and Dorje Shugden”, in Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive. http://www.lamayeshe.com/index.php?sect=article&id=335&chid=1398, (accessed 01/07/2014).

Lopez Jr., Donald S. Prisoners of Shangri-la: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1998 [paperback edi- tion, 1999].

“Mahakala: Brahmarupa (Brahmin Form)”, in Himalayan Art, http://www.himalayanart.org/search/set.cfm?setID=418, (accessed 08/05/2014).

NKT-IKBU. Modern Kadampa Buddhism, http://kadampa.org/buddhism/modern-kadampa-buddhism/, (accessed 18/05/2014).

“Purpose of this Website”, in Dorje Shugden Debate, http://dorjeshugdendebate.wordpress.com/, (accessed 07/05/2014).

Rilbur Rinpoche. “Pabongka Rinpoche: A Memoir by Rilbur Rinpoche,” in Pabongka Rinpoche, Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand: A Concise Discourse on the Path to Enlightenment. Michael Richards (trans.). Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1997 [First Edition, 1991]. pp. 10-15.

Samuel, Geoffrey. Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.

Sharpa Tulku and Richard Guard. Meditations on Vajrabhairava. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1990 [reprint, 2004].

Trinley Kalsang, “Among Shugden Texts”, in Dorje Shugden History, http://www.dorjeshugdenhistory.org/among-shugden-texts.html, (accessed 17/06/2015).

Western Shugden Society. A Great Deception: The Ruling Lamas’ Poli- cies. London: Western Shugden Society, 2010.

Willis, Jan. Enlightened Beings: Life Stories from the Ganden Oral Tradi- tion. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1995.

 

Tibetan sources

‘jigs smed bsam gtan. “mkhas grub chen po khyab bdag stag phu rin po ches gsungs pa’i rje btsun sgrol ma’i bdag ‘jug mkhas grub dam pa’i zhal lung”, in Vol.2 of ‘jigs med bsam gtan gyi gsung ‘bum (2 vols.). sku ‘bum: sku ‘bum byams pa gling, 2000(?), pp. 803-836. [TBRC W5424]

____________. “khyab bdag stag phu’i dag snang rje btsun sgrol ma’i me lha’i bsnyen pa dang bsnyen sgrub sbrags ma bcu cha’i sbyin sreg rnams kyi tho tsam bkod pa dngos grub ‘gugs pa’i lcags kyu”, in Vol.2 of ‘jigs med bsam gtan gyi gsung ‘bum (2 vols.). sku ‘bum: sku ‘bum byams pa gling, 2000(?), pp. 851-865. [TBRC W5424]

blo bzang ‘phrin las lhun grub chos kyi rgyal mtshan. “‘jam mgon rgyal ba’i bstan srung rdo rje shugs ldan rig lnga drag po rtsal gyi bskang chog las bzhi lhun gyis ‘grub pa’i sgra dbyangs”, in Vol. 2 of skyabs mgon paN chen sku ‘phreng bcu pa rje btsun bstan ‘dzin ‘phrin las ‘jigs med chos kyi dbang phyug dpal bzang po’i gsun ‘bum (2 vols.). Delhi: Tashi Lhunpo Monastery, 1998. pp. 55-98 [TBRC W1KG11666]

blo bzang bstan pa’i rgyal tshan. rje btsun rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma nA ro mkha’ spyod kyi rim gnyis zab mo’i nyams len bai DU r+ya zhun ma’i them skas sogs chos tshan khag cig. Delhi: thub btsan tshul khrims sgrol dkar, d.u. [TBRC W1KG5169]

blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma. “nA ro mkha’ spyod kyi sgrub thabs thun mong ma yin pa bde chen nye lam”, in Vol. 8 of The Collected Works of thu’u-bkwan blo-bzang-chos-kyi-nyi-ma (10 vols.). New Delhi: Ngawang Gelek Demo, 1969, pp. 207-226. [TBRC W21506]

____________. “nA ro mkha’ spyod ma’i sgrub thabs rgyas pa pad+ma rA ga’i them skas”, in Vol. 8 of rje bstun bla ma dam oa thu’u bkwan blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (10 vols.). Lhasa: zhol par khang gsar pa, 2000. [TBRC W21507]

____________. rje bstun bla ma dam pa thu’u bkwan blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (10 vols.). Lhasa: zhol par khang gsar pa, 2000. [TBRC W21507]

____________. “rta mgrin gsang sgrub kyi chos skor las/ bka’ srung rgyal po sku lnga’i srog gtad bya tshul ches gsal ba/ ‘phrin las sgo ‘byed”, in Vol. 7 of Collected Works of thu’u-bkwan blo-bzang-chos-kyi- nyi-ma (10 vols.). New Delhi: Ngawang Gelek Demo, 1969, pp. 775- 789. [TBRC W21506]

blo bzang chos kyi dbang phyug. sgrol ma tsit+ta ma Ni la brten pa’i thun mong ma yin pa’i bla ma’i rnal ‘byor thar par bgrod pa’i them skas. Lhasa: s.n., d.u.

blo bzang chos kyi rgyal mtshan, “zab lam bla ma mchod pa’i cho ga bde stong dbyer med ma” in bla ma’i rnal ‘byor dang yi dam khag gi bdag bskyed sogs zhal ‘don gces bsdud bzhugs so. Lhasa: bod ljongs mi dmangs dpe skrun khang, 2011. pp. 22-43.

blo bzang dpal ldan bstan ‘dzin yar rgyas. “mthu dang stobs kyis che ba’i bstan srung chen po rdo rje shugs ldan rtsal gyi byung ba brjod pa pha rgod bla ma’i zhal gyi bdud rtsi’i chu khur brtsegs shing ‘jigs rung glog zhags ‘gyur ba’i sprin nag ‘khrugs pa’i nga ro zhes bya ba bzhugs so”, in Vol. 2 of Collected Works of Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche (6 vols.). Geshe Thubten Jinpa (ed.). Mundgod: Tashi Gephel House, 1997, pp. 571-650. [TBRC W14376]

blo bzang nor bu shes rab. “‘jam mgon bstan srung rgyal chen rdo rje shugs ldan rtsal gyi ‘phrin bcol bya tshul”, in Vol. 9 of gzhung lugs mang du thos ba blo bzang nor bu’i gsung ‘bum (9 vols.). brag g.yab: dge ldan bshan sgrub chos ‘khor gling, d.u., pp. 221-230. [TBRC W1KG10787]

blo bzang rta mgrin. “bla ma yi dam chos skyong dbyer med kyi rnal ‘byor rgyun ‘khyer ma”, in Vol. 6 of rje btsun blo bzang rta dbyangs kyi gsung ‘bum (17 vols.). New Delhi: Lama Guru Deva, 1975-1976. pp. 71-74. [TBRC W13536]

bstan pa’ rgyal mtshan. “‘jam dbyangs chos skor gyi rjes gnang gi zin tho nyung bsdus”, in rje a kya’a bstan pa’i rgyal mtshan gyi gsung ‘bum. sku ‘bum: sku ‘bum byams pa gling, 2002, pp. 3107-3125. [TBRC W27882]

dngul chu d+harma b+ha dra. Collected Works (gsung ‘bum) of nul-chu dharma-bhadra (8 vols.). New Delhi: Champa Oser, 1973. [TBRC W20548]

khri byang rin po che blo bzang ye shes bstan ‘dzin rgya mtsho. “dga’ ldan khri chen byang chub chos ‘phel gyi skye gral du rlom pa’i gyi na pa zhig gis rang gi ngag tshul ma bchos lhug par bkod pa ‘khrul snang sgyu ma’i zlos gar”, Vol. 4 of of yongs rdzogs bstan pa’i mnga’ bdag skyabs rje yongs ‘dzin khri byang rdo rje ‘chang chen po’i gsung ‘bum (8 vols.). s.l. : s.n., 199-. [TBRC W14592]

____________. “dge ldan bstan pa bsrung ba’i lha mchog sprul pa’i chos rgyal chen po rdo rje shugs ldan rtsal gyi gsang gsum rmad du byung ba’i rtogs pa brjod pa’i gtam du bya ba dam can rgya mtsho dgyes pa’i rol mo”, in Vol.5 of yongs rdzogs bstan pa’i mnga’ bdag skyabs rje yongs ‘dzin khri byang rdo rje ‘chang chen po’i gsung ‘bum (8 vols.). s.l. : s.n., 199-, pp. 5-159. [TBRC W14592]

____________. “khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum pod ka pa’i dkar chag”, in Vol.1 of khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lha- sa: s..n., 199-, pp. 1-7. [TBRC W3834]

____________. “rje btsun ma sgrol ma’i sgrub thabs tsit+ta ma Ni dang ‘brel ba’i bsnyen yig ‘phags ma snying gi khab tu bsu ba’i yid ‘phrog dri za’i gling bu”, in Vol.2 of yongs rdzogs bstan pa’i mnga’ bdag skyabs rje yongs ‘dzin khri byang rdo rje ‘chang chen po’i gsung ‘bum (8 vols.). s.l. : s.n., 199-, pp. 143-176. [TBRC W14592]

____________. yongs rdzogs bstan pa’i mnga’ bdag skyabs rje yongs ‘dzin khri byang rdo rje ‘chang chen po’i gsung ‘bum (8 vols.). s.l. : s.n., 199-. [TBRC W14592]

ldan ma blo bzang rdo rje. rigs dan dkyil ‘khor rgya mtsho’i khyab bdag he ru kah dpal nur smrig gar rol skyabs gcig pha bon kha pa bde chen snin po pal bzan po’i rnam par thar pa don ldan tshans pa’i dbyans snan: The detailed biography of Rje Pha-bon-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-‘dzin-‘phrin-las- rgya-mtsho (2 vols.). New Delhi: Ngawang Sopa, 1981. [TBRC W23912]

____________. rigs dang dkyil ‘khor rgya mtsho’i khyab bdag he ru kah dpal ngur smrig gar rol skyabs gcig pha bong kha pa bde chen snying po pal bzang po’i rnam par thar pa don ldan tshangs pa’i dbyangs snyan (1 vol.). Lhasa: par pa dpal ldan, 199?. [TBRC W1KG11704]

____________. “skyabs rje pha bong kha pa chab mdor bzhugs skabs snyan sgron du gsol zer ba’i yig rdzus kyi dpyad don mchan bus bkrol ba dpyod ldan bzhin ‘dzum dgod pa’i thal skad rnga chen bskul ba’i dbyu gu”, in Three Texts Reflecting the Views of Pha-bon-kha- pa Bde-chen-snin-po on the Question of Heresies and Intersectarian Rela- tions in Tibet. Ldan-ma Blo-bzan-rdo-rje and others, New Delhi: Ngawang Topgay, 1977, pp. 1-215. [TBRC W29252]

ngag dbang blo bzang rgya mtsho. “nA ro mkha’ spyod kyi rnal ‘byor bcu gcig gi nyams len la sgro ‘dogs gcod pa dang sems ‘dzin zung ‘brel du gtong tshul mthong grol lde mig”, in Vol. 10 of zab pa dang rgya che ba’i dan pa’i chos kyi thob yig gang+ga+’a’i chu rgyun (25 vols.). Beijing: Yellow Pagoda, 199?, pp. 355-368. [TBRC W1KG825]

pha bong kha bde chen snying po. “‘jam mgon bstan srung yongs kyi thu bo mchog/ /rdo rje shugs ldan srog dbang zab mo’i tshul/ /byin rlabs rin chen phung po ‘dren ba yi/ /yid ches nor bu’i shing rta”, in Vol. 7 of khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lhasa: s..n., 199-, pp. 505-523. [TBRC W3834]

____________. “dge ldan bstan srung dgra lha’i rgyal po srid gsum skye dgu’i srog bdag dam ldan bu bzhin skyong ba’i lha mchog sprul pa’i rgyal chen rdo rje shugs ldan rigs lnga rtsal gyi sger bskang rgyas pa phyogs las rnam par rgyal ba’i rnga dbyangs”, in Vol.7 of khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lhasa: s..n., 199-, pp. 611-667. [TBRC W3834]

____________. “dpal stag phu’i gsang chos rgya can bcu gsum gyi smin byed dbang chog chu ‘babs bkod pa don gnyis ‘bras bus brjid pa’i yongs ‘du’i dbang po”, in Vol.1 of stag phu ‘jam dpal bstan pa’i dnogs grub bam pad ma ba dzra’i gsung ‘bum (2 vols.). s.l.: s.n., d.u., pp. 1-219(?).

____________. drug cu ba’i ‘don bsgrigs ‘khyer bde nag ‘gros su bkod pa las bzhi’i ‘phrin las myur ‘grub. Lhasa: s.n., 2014.

____________. khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lhasa: s.n., 199-. [TBRC W3834]

____________. “rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo’i dkyil ‘khor gyi cho ga bde chen dga’ ston”, in Vol.4 of khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lhasa: s..n., 199-, pp. 61-131. [TBRC W3834]

____________. “rgyal chen srog gtad kyi sngon ‘gro bshad pa’i mtshams sbyor kha skong”, in Vol.7 of khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lhasa: s..n., 199-, pp. 525-540. [TBRC W3834]

____________. “rnam grol lag bcangs su gtod pa’i man ngag zab mo tshang la ma nor ba mtshungs med chos kyi rgyal po’i thugs bcud byang chub lam gyi rim pa’i nyams khrid kyi zin bris gsung rab kun gyi bcud bsdus gdams ngag bdud rtsi’i snying po”, in Vol.11 of khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lhasa: s..n., 199-. [TBRC W3834]

____________. “sgra mi snyan gyi tshe khrid kyi ‘don chog khyer bde sogs lhag lha’i sgrub thabs skor phyogs bsgrigs”, in Vol.6 of khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lhasa: s..n., 199-, pp. 27-57. [TBRC W3834]

____________. “shugs ldan gyi bsnyen sgrub las gsum gyi rnam gzhag dgos ‘dod yid bzhin re skong phyogs las rnam par rgyal ba’i rgyal mtshan”, in Vol.7 of khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lhasa: s..n., 199-, pp. 541-609 [TBRC W3834]

____________. “thun drug bla ma’i rnal ‘byor dang /sdom pa nyi shu pa/ bla ma lnga bcu pa/ sngags kyi rtsa ltung sbom po bcas kyi bshad khrid gnang ba’i zin tho mdor bsdus/”, in Vol.9 of khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’i gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lha- sa: s..n., 199-, pp. 105-149. [TBRC W3834]

Pha-bon-kha-pa Bde-chen-snin-po. A Collection of Supplemental Works of Skyabs-rje Pha-bon-kha-pa Bde-chen-snin-po reproduced from blockprints recently found by Ven. Khri-byan Rin-po-che. New Delhi: Ngawang Sopa, 1977. [TBRC W1KG9724]

Pha-bong-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-‘dzin-‘phrin-las rgya-mtsho. Col- lected Works of Pha-bong-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-‘dzin-‘phrin-las rgya- mtsho (11 vols.). New Delhi: Chophel Legdan, 1973.

Pha-bon-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-‘dzin-phrin-las-rgya-mtsho. dpal stag phu’i gsan chos rgya can bcu gsum gyi dban chog chu ‘babs su bkod pa don gnis ‘bras bus brjid pa’i yons ‘du’i dban po: Initiation texts for the practice of the visionary teachings received by the Second Stag-phu Sprul- sku Blo bzan-chos-kyi-dban-phyug (gar-dban-padma-swara). New Delhi: Ngawang Sopa, 1979. [TBRC W3838]

“pha bong kha rje btsun byams pa bstan ‘dzin ‘phrin las kyi gsung ‘bum (dkar chag)”, in po ta la’i gsung ‘bum dkar chag: dge lugs pa. Bei- jing: mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 2013, pp. 865-874.

“stag phu ‘jam dpal bstan pa’i dngos grub bam pad+ma bdzra’i gsung ‘bum (dkar chag)”, in po ta la’i gsung ‘bum dkar chag: dge lugs pa. Bei- jing: mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 2013, pp. 860-861.

Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center, “Outline”, in gsung ‘bum/_bde chen snying po, http://www.tbrc.org/#!rid=W3834, (accessed 09/07/2015).

Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center, “Outline: skyabs rje pha bong kha pa bde chen snying po’i gsung ‘bum kha skong”, in skyabs rje pha bong kha pa bde chen snying po’i gsung ‘bum kha skong, http://www.tbrc.org/#!rid=W1KG9724, (accessed 03/04/2014).

Back to Tabs

Auspicious Birth

Pabongka Rinpoche was born north of Lhasa at a town called, Tsawa Li in the Yeru Shang district of the state of Tsang in 1878. His family was part of the nobility and had owned a modest estate called, Chappel Gershi. It is said that on the night when he was born, a light shone in the room and people outside the house had a vision of a protector on the roof.

As a child, he has already exhibited unusual qualities and thus, was taken before Sharpa Rinpoche Chuje Lobsang Dargye, one of the leading religious figures of the day. Later on, he was found to be a reincarnation of the Changkya line, which included the well-known scholar Changkya Rolpay Dorje (1717-1786). The Lamas of this line had done much teaching in the regions of Mongolia and China, including in the court of the Chinese Emperor himself, and to be the Royal Tutor to the Emperors, that Lama must have been highly attained. This regal position has enabled him to accomplish a great deal for Tibetan Buddhist institutions in China, Mongolia, and Tibet. Changkya Rolpay Dorje was also the student of the Seventh Dalai Lama and a teacher of the Eighth. He was an important lineage holder in several adept traditions of both Father and Mother Tantras.

However, the name “Changkya” had strong Chinese connotations. As the Tibetan government and people were already sensitive to the pressures put on them from China, the name “Changkya” was ruled out and the boy was declared to be “Pabongka” instead.

There was a small monastery atop the rock named Pabong. Hence, he was eventually recognized and enthroned as the late abbot of that monastery. For this reason, Rinpoche is documented as the second Pabongka and was sometimes referred to as, “Pabongka Kentrul”. It is commonly believed that he was also the reincarnation of Tsako Ngawang Drakpa, one of the main disciples of Lama Tsongkhapa and founder of Dhe-Tsang Monastery.

It was Sharpa Chuje Lobsang who foretold that if the young boy was to be placed in the Gyalrong House of Sera Mey College, something wonderful would happen with him in the future.

 

A Living Heruka

Pabongka Rinpoche’s full name was Kyabje Pabongka Jetsun Jampa Tenzin Trinley Gyatso Pel Sangpo, which means the “Lord Protector, the one from Pabongka, the venerable and glorious master whose name is the Loving One, Keeper of the Buddha’s Teachings, Ocean of the Mighty Deeds of the Buddha”. He was also affectionately known as “Dechen Nyingpo”, which translates into “Essence of Great Bliss” or “The King of Bliss from the Palace of Bliss”, meaning a highly attained being who is already one with Heruka.

He was an extraordinary master for the Heruka Body Mandala and the Vajrayogini practice, and he had a special responsibility for the Mother Tantra.

There is a famous story of how Heruka actually appeared to Pabongka when he visited Cimburi in Tibet, where there is an image of Heruka. This is where the Blood drinker’s mountains are and this name refers to Heruka – Drinker of Blood. Apparently, Pabongka went to this place three times during his lifetime.

When he first went there, this image spoke to him, opened its mouth and a tremendous amount of nectar came out. Pabongka collected the nectar from the mouth of Heruka while in the presence of sixty or seventy people. This nectar was then made into nectar pills. The Gelugpa’s current nectar pills originate from there.

It is also stated that this very same cave in Cimburi where Pabongka received the nectar from the Heruka image was the place where Heruka promised him the following:-

“From now on, for the next seven generations, whoever practices my teaching, I will protect and help.”

This is why Pabongka is also considered to be a living Heruka. Many people received the Heruka Body Mandala and every teaching on it from him. And if you happened to fall within that seven generation category, you are indeed very much blessed.

gdpt001

gdpt002

gdpt003

gdpt004

Back to Tabs

Click here to download the PDF file.

 


 

The Contents of the Eleven-Volume Lhasa Edition of Phabongkha’s Collected Works, Together with the Contents of the Twelfth Volume as Found in the Potala Collection

His Holiness Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche has eleven volumes of writings that are highly sought after and very much used till the present day. Very few works by teachers in Tibet become classics within their lifetime, but Pabongka Rinpoche’s writings did become classics.

For the sake of brevity, the titles listed below follow those given in the contents pages at the beginning of each volume in the set (phabong kha. khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa dpal bzang po’I gsung ‘bum (11 vols.). Lhasa: s.n., 199-.) and those listed by the TBRC [W3834]. As Vol. 11 is a single work, the full title of the text is given.

Preference has been given for the TBRC’s listing as it is easily accessible and often more extensive, especially as Vol. 10, for example, has no printed listing of contents. Any important discrepancies between the order and contents of the TBRC’s listings and those of the contents pages of the Lhasa edition volumes, as well as the catalogue to the Potala edition are noted in square brackets.

In several cases the bibliographical titles have been expanded, usually by incorporating sections of the full headings as presented on the title pages of the individual works, with the additions in question also enclosed in square brackets. The contents of the twelfth volume are also listed following the presentation given in the catalogue to the Potala’s edition.

 

Vol. 1 (ka)

Contents of Phabongkhapa’s Collected Works, Vol. Ka
pha bong ka pa’i gsung ‘bum pod kha pa’i dkar chag/

  1. A Compilation of Only Initiations Drawn from Phabongkha’s Records of Received Teachings
    pha bong kha pa’i gsan yig las dbang rkyang gi skor phyogs gcig tu bkod pa/
  2. A Compilation of Combined Initiations and Instructions Drawn from Phabongkha’s Records of Received Teachings
    pha bong kha pa’i gsan yig las dbang khrid sbrag ma’i skor phyogs gcig tu bkod pa/
  3. A Compilation of Various Oral Transmissions and Instructions Drawn from Phabongkha’s Records of Received Teachings
    pha bong kha pa’i gsan yig las lung khrid sna tshogs skor phyogs gcig tu bkod pa/
  4. A Compilation of Only Oral Transmissions Drawn from Phabongkha’s Records of Received Teachings
    pha bong kha pa’i gsan yig las lung rkyang gi skor phyogs gcig tu bkod pa/

 

Vol. 2 (kha)

Contents of Phabongkhapa’s Collected Works, Vol. Kha
pha bong kha pa’i gsung ‘bum pod kha pa’i dkar chag/

  1. A Compilation of Permission Initiations Drawn from Phabongkha’s Records of Received Teachings
    pha bong kha pa’i gsan yig las rjes gnang skor phyogs gcig tu bkod pa/
  2. A Compilation of Text-collections Drawn from Phabongkha’s Records of Received Teachings
    pha bong kha pa’i gsan yig las be’u bum skor phyogs gcig tu bkod pa/
  3. The Method for Practicing the Yoga of the Guru Pūjā with Cakrasaṃvara: A Ritual Arranged for Convenient Recitation
    bla ma mchod pa ‘khor lo sdom pa dang ‘brel ba’i rnal ‘byor nyams su len tshul gyi cho ga nag ‘gros su bkod pa/
  4. The Method for Practicing the Guru Pūjā with Bhairava: A Recitation Ritual Arranged for Convenient Recitation
    bla ma mchod pa ‘jigs byed dang ‘brel bar nyams su len tshul gyi ‘don chog nag ‘gros su bkod pa/
  5. A Festival of Emanations: A Skillful Ritual Arrangement for the Extensive Way of Taking the Four Initiations According to the Hearing Lineage
    snyan brgyud dbang bzhi rgyas pa len tshul gyi chog sgrigs thabs mkhas ‘phrul gyi dga’ ston/
  6. The Image of the Everlasting Vajra: The Way of Offering a Longlife Accomplishment Ritual Through the Guru Pūjā: Indivisible Bliss and Emptiness, Combined with the Long-life Practice of the Drubgyal Tradition
    bla ma mchod pa bde stong dbyer med ma dang grub rgyal lugs kyi tshe sgrub sbrags ma’i sgo nas brtan bzhugs ‘bul tshul rtag brtan rdo rje’i re khA/
  7. A Compilation of Guru Yoga Texts [such as the Treasury of All Desired Blessings-Guru Yoga, and Others]
    bla ma’i rnal ‘byor [byin rlabs ‘dod dgu’i gter mdzod sogs bla ma’i rnal ‘byor gyi rim pa] phyogs gcig tu bsgrigs pa/
  8. A Compilation of Lineage Guru Supplication Texts and so forth.
    bla brgyud gsol ‘debs sogs kyi skor phyogs gcig tu bsgrigs pa/
  9. The Storehouse of Precious Treasure: The Way of Practicing the Yoga of Ganden Lhagyama According to the Precious Oral Pith Instructions of the Hearing Lineage
    dga’ ldan lha brgya ma’i rnal ‘byor nyams su len tshul snyan brgyud zhal shes man ngag rin chen gter gyi bang mdzod/
  10. The Ganden Lhagyama Guru Yoga, [Drawn from the Pith Instructions of the Ganden Hearing Lineage].
    [dge ldan snyan brgyud kyi man ngag las byung ba’i] bla ma’i rnal ‘byor dga’ ldan lha brgya ma/
  11. The Staircase for the Fortunate to Travel to Tuṣita: An Instruction Manual for the Recitation-ritual of Consciousness-transference Based on the Ganden Lhagyama
    dga’ ldan lha brgya ma’i ‘pho khrid ‘don chog skal bzang dga’ ldan bgrod pa’i them skas/
  12. Fruits of the Wish-fulfilling Divine Tree Which Give Rise to the Two Accomplishments: Notes on Experiential Instructions on The Way to Rely on a Spiritual Guide
    bshes gnyen bsten tshul myong khrid zin bris grub gnyis ‘dod ‘jo’i dpag bsam yongs ‘du’i snye ma/
  13. Notes on the Graduated Stages of the Tantric Path [Taken During a Transmission from the Venerable Lama Chone Pandita]
    [rje btsun bla ma co ne paN+Di ta rin po che’i zhal snga nas/] sngags rim chen mo’i [bshad lung nos skabs kyi gsung] zin bris/
  14. An Amazing Feast of Nectar: Notes of Guidance for Drubde Gegye Thegchog Ling
    sgrub sde dge rgyas theg mchog gling gi bca’ yig ngo mtshar bdud rtsi’I dga’ ston/

 

Vol. 3 (ga)

Contents of Phabongkhapa’s Collected Works, Vol. Ga
pha bong kha pa’i gsung ‘bum pod ga pa’i dkar chag/

  1. A Collection of Notes on Both the Guhyasamāja Generation Stage Ocean of Accomplishment and the Completion Stage Lamp that Illuminates the Five Stages, Arranged Together
    gsang ‘dus bskyed rim dngos grub rgya mtsho dang rdzogs rim rim lnga gsal sgron gnyis kyi zin tho ‘ga’ zhig phyogs gcig tu bkod pa/
  2. The Supreme Festival: A Condensed Sādhana of the Ārya Tradition of Guhyasamāja
    ‘dus pa ‘phags lugs kyi sgrub thabs mdor bsdus mchog gi dga’ ston/
  3. Victory Over Māra: The Sādhana of Solitary Hero Bhairava, Conveniently Arranged for Recitation
    ‘jigs byed dpa’ bo gcig pa’i sgrub thabs bdud las rnam rgyal gyi ngag ‘don nag ‘gros su bkod pa/
  4. The Way to Practice the Succinctly Condensed Self-generation of the Terrifying Solitary Hero
    ‘jigs mdzad dpa’ bo gcig pa’i bdag bskyed cung bsdus te nyams su len tshul/
  5. The Extremely Condensed Sādhana of Solitary Hero Bhairava Together with an Extremely Condensed Self-entry
    ‘jigs byed dpa’ bo gcig pa’i sgrub thabs shin tu bsdus dang bdag ‘jug shin tu bsdus pa/
    [This work is not listed in the Potala edition’s catalogue]
  6. The Method for Engaging in the Approximation Retreat of Serviceability of Solitary Hero Bhairava, [Uncommon] Notes on the Great Retreat of the Solitary Hero [by Amdo Deyang Rinpoche], and Notes on The Wrathful Distribution of the Sixty-Four Torma Offerings
    ‘jigs byed dpa’ bo gcig pa’i las rung gi bsnyen pa bya tshul dang / dpa’ gcig gi bsnyen chen zin tho [thun mong ma yin pa a mdo bde yangs rin po ches mdzad pa]/ drug cu ma drag bsngos kyi zin tho bcas/
  7. Compiled Notes from the Transmission of the Cakrasaṃvara Tantra’s Total Illumination of the Hidden Meaning and the Generation Stage of Kālacakra
    ‘khor lo sdom pa’i rgyud ‘grel sbas don kun gsal gyi bshad lung dang / dus ‘khor gyi bskyed rim phyag zin thor bu bcas/
  8. The Swift Path to Great Bliss: The Lineage Prayer of the Ghaṇṭapāda Tradition of Cakrasaṃvara and Thoroughly Increasing Great Bliss: The Sādhanā of the Ghaṇṭapāda Tradition of the [Bhagavān] Cakrasaṃvara [Body Mandala]
    dril bu lugs kyi ‘khor lo sdom pa’i bla brgyud gsol ‘debs bde chen nye lam dang/ [dril bu zhabs lugs kyi bcom ldan ‘das] ‘khor lo sdom pa’i lus dkyil gyi mngon rtogs bde chen rab ‘phel/
  9. The Continuous Rain of Camphor that Compassionately Cleanses the Stains of Downfalls: The Vase Generation of the [Bhagavān] Cakrasaṃvara Body Mandala [in the Tradition of Mahāsiddha Ghaṇṭapāda] and the Brief Self-entry
    [grub chen dril bu zhabs lugs bcom ldan ‘das] ‘khor lo sdom pa’i lus dkyil gyi bum bskyed dang bdag ‘jug mdor bsdus nyes ltung dri ma ‘khrud pa’I thugs rje’i ga pur char rgyun/
  10. A Compiled Ritual for the Great Approximation Retreat Based on the Cakrasaṃvara Body Mandala, Arranged for Oral Recitation.
    ‘khor lo sdom pa lus dkyil gyi gzhi bsnyen chen mo’i bsnyen sgrub sbrags ma’i cho ga bklag chog tu bkod pa/
  11. The Festival of Highest Virtue: The Method for Engaging in the Oral Recitation Ritual of External Offerings in Dependence on the [Bhagavān] Cakrasaṃvara Body Mandala [in the Tradition of Mahāsiddha Ghaṇṭapāda]
    [grub chen dril bu zhabs lugs bcom ldan ‘das] ‘khor lo sdom pa lus dkyil la brten pa’i phyi rol mchod pa bya tshul gyi ‘don chog bsod nams mchog gi dga’ ston/
  12. Offering Clouds of the Vajra Body: A Tea Offering of Cakrasaṃvara
    ‘khor lo sdom pa’i ja mchod rdo rje’i lus kyi mchod sprin/
  13. [Drop of Essential Nectar of the Hearing Lineage: The Pith Instructions for the Way to Practice the White Long-life Deity Cakrasaṃvara,] a Long-life Accomplishment Ritual Sealed in Secrecy.
    [sbyor bde mchog tshe lha dkar po dang sbrags ten nyams su len tshul gyi man ngag snyan brgyud bdud rtsi’i thig le/] tshe sgrub bka’ rgya/
  14. The Good Vase of Immortal Nectar: The Way of Performing a Long-life Offering Ritual to a Great Being Based on the White Longlife Deity Cakrasaṃvara, Combined Together with the Repellence of the Dakinis
    bde mchog tshe lha dkar po’i sgo nas [yul khyad par can la] zhabs brtan ‘bul tshul mkha’ ‘gro bsun bzlog [dang bcas pa ‘chi med bdud rtsi’i bum bzang/]
  15. The Hook Which Summons Attainments: The Gaṇacakra Offering of the White Long-life Deity Cakrasaṃvara
    bde mchog tshe lha dkar po’i tshogs mchod dngos grub ‘gugs pa’i lcags kyu/
  16. Garland of Cittamani: The Pith Instructions for the Yogas of the Two Stages of Khadiravani Tārā
    seng ldeng nags kyi sgrol ma’i lam rim pa gnyis kyi rnal ‘byor nyams len gyi man ngag tsit+ta ma Ni’i do shal/
  17. Offering of the ‘Explanatory’ Torma on the Occasion of Teachings on the Two Stages of Guhyasamāja, Vajrabhairava and Cakrasaṃvara, Together with the Unmistaken Offering of the Illusory Body
    gsang bde ‘jigs gsum gyi rim gnyis bka’ khrid skabs ‘grel gtor ‘bul tsul skor dang / sgyu lus mchod pa sogs kyi phyag bzhes ‘khrul med/

 

Vol. 4 (nga)

Contents of Phabongkhapa’s Collected Works, Vol. Nga
pha bong kha pa’i gsung ‘bum pod nga pa’i dkar chag

  1. Swift Path to Great Bliss: The Uncommon Sādhanā of [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod kyi sgrub thabs thun min bde chen nye lam/
  2. The Way for Meditating on an Abbreviated Version of the Swift Path to Great Bliss sādhanā of [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod kyi sgrub thabs bde chen nye lam las bsdus te bsgom tshul/
  3. Festival of Great Bliss: The Mandala Ritual of Queen [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo’i dkyi ‘khor gyi cho ga bde chen dga’ ston/
  4. A Staircase for the Fortunate to Travel to Kechara: The Practice of the Approximation, Accomplishment and Activities of Queen [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo’i bsnyen sgrub las gsum gyi lag len skal bzang mkha’ spyod bgrod pa’i them skas/
  5. The Messenger Invoking the Hundred Blessings of the Vajra: The Ritual Text to be Recited as a Preliminary to the [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari Approximation Retreat Together with Notes on the Ritual Practiced During the Approximation and the Way to Practice the Long, Middling and Brief “Tenth-day” Offerings
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod ma’i bsnyen pa’i sngon ‘gro’I ‘don cha bklag chog zur du bkol ba rdo rje’i byin brgya ‘beb pa’i pho nya dang/ bsnyen pa ‘dug skabs kyi phyag len dang cho ga’i zin tho/ tshes bcu rgyas ‘bring bsdus pa bya tshul/
  6. Fulfilling the Wish for Attainments: The Peaceful Burning Offering of Queen [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo’i sgo nas zhi ba’i sbyin sreg bya tshul dngos grub ‘dod ‘jo/
  7. Swift Invocation of Attainments: The Way of Relying on and Practicing the Invocation of the Worldly God Agni to the Hearth in Dependence on Vajrayoginī Naro Kechari
    rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma nA ro mkha’ spyod ma la brten nas ‘jig rten pa’i me lha thab tu ‘gugs pa’i bsnyen pa bya tshul dngos grub myur ‘gugs/
  8. Offerings and Gifts Pleasing the Rishis: The Way of Practicing the Tenth-part Burning Offering in Relation to the Approximation Retreat for the Invocation of the Worldly God Agni to the Hearth, in Dependence on Vajrayoginī Naro Kechari
    rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo’i sgo nas ‘jig rten pa’I me lha thab tu ‘gugs pa’i bsnyen pa’i bcu cha’i sbyin sreg bya tshul drang srong dgyes pa’i mchod sbyin/
  9. [The Point of Entry to Kechara Pure Land:] A Recitation Text for the Sindhura Ritual, or Approximation and Accomplishment of Queen [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo la brten pa’i sin+d+hU ra’i sgrub pa’am bsnyen sgrub sbrags ma’i ‘don sgrigs [mkha’ spyod zhing gi ‘jug ngos/]
  10. The Meaningful Magical Lasso: The Tenth-part Burning Offering of the [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari Approximation Retreat
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo’i bsnyen pa’i bcu cha chen mo’i sbyin sreg don yon ‘phrul gyi zhags pa/
  11. The Uncommon Golden Dharma: The Pith Instructions for Journeying to Kechara
    mkha’ spyod bgrod pa’i man ngag gser chos thun min zhal shes chig brgyudma/
  12. Festival of Uncontaminated Joy: The Short Gaṇacakra Offering of Queen [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo’i tshogs mchod mdor bsdus zag med dgyes rgu’i dga’ ston/
  13. The Magical Ritual of Skillful Means: The Way of Performing the Sesame Seed Burning Offering of Vajrayoginī which Purifies All Negativities Without Remainder and The Cloud of Offerings of Virtuous Skillful Means-Food Offering
    rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma’i sgo nas til gyi sbyin sreg bya tshul sdig ltung lhag med spyod pa’i thabs mkhas ‘phrul gyi cho ga dang/ zas mchod thabs mkhas bsod nams mchod sprin/
  14. The Iron Hook of Compassion: The Transference of the Solitary Mother, Together with the Way of Performing the Hand Offering
    yum rkyang gi ‘pho ba myur ‘dren thugs rje’i lcags kyu dang/ lag mchod bya tshul/
  15. The Painted Mandala Initiation Ritual of the Eleven-Faced Avalokiteśvara of the Palmo Tradition [Arranged in a Straightforward Manner, which is Similar to the Mandala-rite of the Supreme Victor, The Great Seventh [Dalai Lama]]
    thugs rje chen po bcu gcig zhal dpal mo lugs kyi ras bris kyi dkyil ‘khor du dbang bskur ba’i cho ga [rgyal mchog bdun pa chen po’i dkyil chog ltar nag ‘gros su bkod pa/]
  16. Some Notes on Madhyamaka and on Transmissions of the Mahāyānasūtrālamkāra and Madhyamakāvatāra
    mdo rgyan sbyar ba’i bshad lung dang dbu ma la ‘jug pa/ dbu ma’i brjed byang nyung ngu/
  17. Notes on The Essence of True Eloquence
    drang nges legs bshad snying po’i zin bris/
  18. Fragmentary notes on Bodhisattvacaryāvatāra
    byang chub sems dpa’i spyod pa la ‘jug pa zhes bya ba bka’ mchan thor bu/
  19. Bodhisattvacaryāvatāra Outline
    spyod ‘jug sa bcad/
  20. Bodhisattvacaryāvatāra Notes
    spyod ‘jug zin bris/

 

Vol. 5 (ca)

Contents of Phabongkhapa’s Collected Works, Vol. Cha
pha bong kha pa’i gsung ‘bum pod ca pa’i dkar chag/

  1. Recollective Notes on the Four Interwoven Annotations of the Lamrim Chenmo
    lam rim chen mo mchan bu bzhi sbrags kyi skor dran gso’i bsnyel byang/
  2. [Chariot of the Mahāyāna:] The Way of Practicing the Jorchoepreliminaries of the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment
    byang chub lam gyi rim pa’i sngon ‘gro sbyor chos nyams su len tshul [theg mchog ‘phrul gyi shing rta/]
  3. The Excellent Path of the Victors: A Compiled Jorchoe Recitation for the Central Tibetan Lineage’s Extensive Commentarial Tradition of the Essential Lamrim Instructions of the The Sacred Words of Mañjuśrī
    lam rim dmar khrid ‘jam dpal zhal lung gi khrid rgyun rgyas pa dbus brgyud lugs kyi sbyor chos kyi ngag ‘don khrigs chags su bkod pa rgyal ba’I lam bzang/
  4. On Outlines from an Experiential Commentary on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment’s Essential Instructions- the Easy Path and Swith Path
    [byang chub lam gyi rim pa’i dmar khrid bde myur gyi thog nas nyams khrid stsal skabs kyi] sa bcad skor/
  5. Pith Instructions Pointing Out the Way to Train According to an Important Experiential Stages of the Path Commentary, Taught in Everyday Language.
    lam rim myong khrid gnad du bkar te skyong tshul gyi man ngag phal tshig dmar rjen lag len mdzub btsugs kyi tshul du bkod pa/
  6. Advice Spoken to Kongpo Tre Rabchog Tulku Rinpoche
    kong po bkras rab mchog sprul rin po che la stsal ba/
    [This work is included together with previous title [5.5] and is not listed separately in the contents of the actual printed volume, or in the catalogue to the Potala edition.]
  7. Heart Spoon: Practice Instructions to Bear in Mind [Drawn From] Experiences of the Long Path
    shul ring lam gyi myong ba lag len dmar bcang snying gi thur ma/
  8. Regarding Advice Presented in the Form of Songs of Realization, such as All Countless Objects of Refuge and so forth
    rab ‘byams skyabs kun ma sogs nyams mgur bslab bya’i skor/
  9. The Root Text of the Seven Points of Mind Training
    blo sbyong don bdun pa’i rtsa ba/
  10. [The Common Jewel of the Ganden Practice Lineage:] Enhancing the Experience of Method and Wisdom by the Practice of Dedicating the Collection of the Illusory Body
    sgyu lus tshogs su bsngo ba thabs shes nyams kyi bogs ‘don [dga’ ldan sgrub brgyud spyi nor/]
  11. The Emanated Chariot: The Way to Practice the Generosity of Offering the One Hundred Tormas [Which Carries to the Jewel of the Three Bodies]
    gtor ma brgya rtsa gtong tshul [sku gsum nor bu ‘dren pa’i] mchod sbyin’phrul gyi shing rta/
  12. 12. A Textual Collection of Notes by Various Disciples on the Nectar of Dagpo Lama Rinpoche’s Speech, which had been Forgotten and Scattered
    dwags po bla ma rin po che’i gsung gi bdud rtsi bsnyel thor gnang ba sogs phyag zin thor bu sna tshogs phyogs gcig tu bsgrigs pa/
  13. Brief Notes on Pramāṇa
    tshad ma’i bsnyel byang mdor bsdus/

 

Vol. 6 (cha)

Contents of Phabongkhapa’s Collected Works, Vol. Cha
pha bong kha pa’i gsung ‘bum pod cha pa’i dkar chag/

  1. A Guide for those Travelling to the Supreme Field: The Profound Instruction for those Travelling to Shambhala in Dependence on White Mañjuśrī
    ‘jam dbyangs dkar po la brten nas sham+ba+ha lar bgrod pa’i gdams pa zab mo zhing mchog bgrod pa’i sa mkhan/
  2. A Collection Regarding the Sādhanas of the Highest Deities
    lhag lha’i sgrub thabs skor phyogs bsgrigs/
  3. The Way of Practicing the Long-life Accomplishment Ritual of SitaTārā Cintācakra for the Sake of Oneself and Others
    sgrol dkar yid bzhin ‘khor lo’i sgo nas rang gzhan gyi tshe sgrub bya tshul/
  4. Festival of the Nectar of Immortality: Praises and Requests to SitaTārā Cintācakra
    sgrol dkar yid bzhin ‘khor lo’i bstod gsol ‘chi med bdud rtsi’i dga’ ston/
  5. Chone Pandita’s Sita-Tārā Long-Life-Commentary, the Collected Activity- sādhanā of White Mañjuśrī and Sarasvatī, Together with Lecture Notes
    co ne paN+Di ta’i sgrol dkar tshe khrid dang / ‘jam dkar/ dbyangs can ma rnams kyi sgrub thabs las tshogs bcas pa’i gsung bshad zin bris/
  6. On Sealed Teachings
    gsung bka’ rgya ma’i skor/
  7. Some Scattered Teachings Compiled Together
    gsung thor bu ba ‘ga’ zhig phyogs gcig tu bkod pa/
  8. A Compilation of Various Questions and Answers on Sutra and Tantra
    mdo sngags skor gyi dris lan sna tshogs phyogs gcig tu bsgrigs pa/
  9. The Permission Initiations of the Dharma-cycle of Mañjuśrī, and so forth, Arranged Together
    ‘jam dbyangs chos skor sogs kyi rjes gnang bca’ sgrigs skor/
  10. [Festival of the Victory Over the Three Worlds:] The Nine-floored Iron House Torma Ritual Victory Over the Three Worlds, Arranged for Convenient Recitation
    lcags mkhar zur dgu pa’i gtor chog srid gsum rnam rgyal gyi ‘don cha nag ‘gros su bkod pa [srid gsum rnam rgyal dga’ ston/]
  11. [The Machine of Sky-Iron:] A Supplement to Festival of the Victory Over the Three Worlds, which is the Nine-floored Iron House Torma Ritual, Victory Over the Three Worlds, Arranged for Convenient Recitation
    lcags mkhar zur dgu pa’i gtor chog srid gsum rnam rgyal gyi chog sgrigs srid gsum rnam rgyal dga’ ston gyi zur rgyan [gnam lcags ‘phrul ‘khor/]
  12. The Inescapable Dark Belly of Yama: A Subjugation Ritual for Ghosts and Demons, in Dependence on Solitary Hero Bhairava
    ‘jigs byed dpa’ bo gcig pa’i sgo nas sgab ‘dre’am sgrub sri mnan pa’i cho ga thar med gshin rje’i lto khung/
  13. A Brief Subjugation of Demons Which Can Be Modified for Use in Relation to Any Meditational Deity or Dharma Protector Based on the Practice of the Subjugation Ritual for Ghosts- The Inescapable Dark Belly of Yama, in Dependence on Solitary Hero Bhairava,
    ‘jigs byed dpa’ bo gcig pa’i sgo nas sgab ‘dre mnan chog thar med gshin rje’i lto khung gi bca’ gshom gyi lag len dang /yi dam chos skyong gang la’ang sbyar du rung ba’i sri mnan mdor bsdus/

 

Vol. 7 (ja)

Contents of Phabongkhapa’s Collected Works, Vol. Ja
pha bong kha pa’i gsung ‘bum pod ja pa’i dkar chag/

  1. The Sun that Enlarges the Lotus of the Three Types of Faith: An Explanation on the Way of Offering the Mandala
    maN+Dal bshad pa ‘bul tshul dad gsum pad+mo rgyas pa’i nyin byed/
  2. A Collection of Long-life Prayers and Swift-return Supplications to Incarnation Lineages
    zhabs brtan dang myur byon ‘khrungs rabs gsol ‘debs kyi rim pa rnams phyogs gcig tu bsdebs pa/
  3. [The Melodious Sound of Conviction,] The Roar of Good Faith: An Incarnation Lineage Supplication
    ‘khrungs rabs gsol ‘debs skal bzang dad pa’i nga ro [yid ches bden dbyangs/]
  4. The Melodious Drum Victorious Over the Terrifyingly Laughter of the Lord of Death: A Long-life Prayer Supplication to Tagtra
    stag brag gi brtan bzhugs gsol ‘debs ‘jigs mdzad bzhad pa’i gad rgyangs ‘chi bdag g.yul las rgyal ba’i rnga dbyangs/
  5. A Heart Jewel of Offering Clouds of Good Fortune Pleasing the Local Protectors: The Permission Initiation Ritual of the Glorious Four-Faced Protector of Seventeen Expressions
    dpal mgon gdong bzhi pa rnam ‘gyur bcu bdun gyi rjes gnang gi cho ga zhing skyong dgyes pa’i mchod sprin skal bzang snying nor/
  6. The Increasing and Auspicious [Akṣara Garland]: A Ritual of the Glorious Four-Faced Protector of Seventeen Expressions, Together with the Entrustment
    dpal mgon gdong bzhi pa rnam ‘gyur bcu bdun mngag gtad dang bcas pa’i cho ga spel legs [ak+Sha ra’i phreng ba]/
    [This work is included together with previous title [7.5] and is not listed separately in the contents of the actual printed volume, or in the catalogue to the Potala edition.]
  7. The Rain of Treasure Fulfilling All Needs and Wants: The Yellow Increasing Ritual of the Glorious Four-Faced Protector in Dependence on the Nine Deities, the Quintessential Instruction to Fulfill all Desires
    dpal mgon gdong bzhi pa’i ser po rgyas byed lha dgu la brten pa’i ‘dod dgu dbang du bya ba’i man ngag dgos ‘dod dbyig gi char ‘bab/
  8. Summer Thunder: A Supplement to The Rain of Treasure Fulfilling All Needs and Wants: The Increasing Ritual of the Glorious Four-Faced Protector with a Yellow [Expression] in Dependence on the Nine Deities, the Quintessential Instruction to Fulfill all Desires
    dpal mgon gdong bzhi pa’i [rnam ‘gyur] ser po rgyas byed lha dgu la brten pa’i ‘dod dgu dbang du bya ba’i man ngag dgos ‘dod dbyig gi char ‘bab kyi lhan thabs dbyar gyi rnga gsang
  9. A New Fulfillment Ritual of Glorious Four-Faced Protector Based on that Written by Sakyapa Ngawang Khyenrab, with Exceptional Changes
    dpal mgon zhal bzhi pa’i bskang gsar sa skya pa ngag dbang mkhyen rab kyis mdzad par dmigs bsal bsgyur ba gnang pa/
  10. Exhortations to Entreat Various Protectors of the Teachings: Serkyem, Gaṇacakra Offerings and so forth, as well as the Cycle of the Wealth Deity
    bstan srung khag gi ‘phrin bskul gser skyems tshogs mchod sogs dang nor lha’i skor/
  11. [The Chariot of the Jewel of Faith Drawing Together a Precious Mass of Blessings:] The Life Entrustment of Shugden Possessing the Seal of Secrecy and Notes on How to Draw the Life-energy Cakra
    shugs ldan srog gtad bka’ rgya can dang srog ‘khor bri tshul gyi zin bris/ [byin rlabs rin chen phung po ‘dren ba yi/ /yid ches nor bu’i shing rta/]
  12. A Supplement on How to Practice the Preliminaries for the Lifeentrustment of Shugden
    shugs ldan srog gtad kyi sngon ‘gro’i mtshams sbyor kha skong/
  13. The Victory Banner Thoroughly Victorious in All Directions: A Presentation of the Approach, Accomplishment and Activities of Shugden, Fulfilling all Needs and Wants
    shugs ldan gyi bsnyen sgrub las gsum gyi rnam gzhag dgos ‘dod yid bzhin re skong phyogs las rnam par rgyal ba’i rgyal mtshan/
  14. The Melodious Drum Victorious in All Directions: The Extensive Uncommon Fulfillment Ritual of the Five Manifest Families of Gyalchen Dorje Shugden
    rgyal chen rdo rje shugs ldan rigs lnga rtsal gyi sger bskang rgyas pa phyogs las rnam par rgyal ba’i rnga dbyangs/
  15. Swift Summoning of the Deeds of the Four Activities: The Middling Fulfillment Ritual of Gyalchen Dorje Shugden
    rgyal chen rdo rje shugs ldan rtsal gyi bskang chog ‘bring po las bzhi’I ‘phrin las myur ‘gugs/
  16. On [the Way to Perform the Swift Summoning of AuspiciousnessIncense Offering to Cakrasaṃvara’s Assembly of Mandala Deities and Other] Incense Offerings
    [dpal ‘khor lo sdom pa’i dkyil ‘khor gyi lha tshogs rnams la bsangs mchod ‘bul tshul bde chen phywa g.yang myur ‘gugs sogs] bsangs mchod kyi skor/

 

Vol. 8 (nya)

Contents of Phabongkhapa’s Collected Works, Vol. Nya
pha bong kha pa’i gsung ‘bum pod nya pa’i dkar chag/

  1. A Necklace of Increasing, Beautiful Fresh Flowers: A Compilation of Official Correspondences
    chab shog gi rim pa rnams phyogs gcig tu bkod pa spel legs me tog gsar pa’I do shal/
  2. A Compilation of Requests, Dedications, Supplications, Aspirational Prayers of Printing Colophons and Introductions, Such as Those of [the Contents of the Dharma-cycle of Cakrasaṃvara, The Heart-Jewel of the Dakinis of the Three Places and So Forth]
    [‘khor lo sdom pa’i chos skor gyi dkar chag gnas gsum mkha’ ‘gro’i snying nor sogs] spar byang smon tshig dang/ dbu brjod / ‘dod gsol bsngo smon gyi skor rnams phyogs gcig tu bkod pa/
  3. Notes on the Experiential Instructions on [the Consciousness transference of] a Single Day [from a Fully-Ripening Profound Commentary on the Profound Path of the Guru Pūjā, the Uncommon Guru Yoga of the Ganden Hearing Lineage]
    [dga’ ldan snyan brgyud kyi bla ma’i rnal ‘byor thun mong min pa zab lam bla ma mchod pa’i zab khrid smin rgyas su nos skabs ‘pho ba] zhag gcig ma’I nyams khrid brjed byang/
  4. “The Swift Path for Travelling to Tuṣita Pure Land:” Teaching Notes Taken During a Profound Commentary on the Ganden Lhagyama Guru Yoga [of the Segyu Tradition]
    [sras rgyud lugs kyi] bla ma’i rnal ‘byor dga’ ldan lha brgya’i zab khrid gnang skabs kyi gsung bshad zin bris dga’ ldan zhing du bgrod pa’i myur lam/
  5. Entryway to the Ocean of Great Bliss: Notes on the First Stage of the Ghaṇṭapāda Cakrasaṃvara Body Mandala
    ‘khor lo sdom pa dril bu lus dkyil gyi rim pa dang po’i zin bris bde chen rgya mtsho’i ‘jug ngogs/
    [Note that the catalogue of the Potala edition as well as the numbering of the popular Lhasa-edition gives this text as work six of the volume]
  6. Opening the Door to the Good Path: Teaching Notes Taken During a Profound Commentary on the Principal Paths
    lam gtso’i zab khrid bstsal skabs kyi gsung bshad zin bris lam bzang sgo ‘byed/
    [Note that the catalogue of the Potala edition as well as the numbering of the popular Lhasa-edition gives this text as work five of the volume]
  7. The Key of Secrets: Notes on the Principle Paths
    lam gtso’i zin bris gsang ba’i lde mig/
    [This work is included together with the previous title and is not listed separately in the contents of the actual printed volume or in the catalogue to the Potala edition.]
  8. The Outline of the Essential Instructions of the Generation and Completion Stages of the Ghaṇṭapāda Cakrasaṃvara Body Mandala
    ‘khor lo sdom pa dril bu lus dkyil gyi bskyed rdzogs gnyis kyi dmar khrid sa bcad/
  9. Explanatory Notes on the Root Mantras of Cakrasaṃvara Father and Mother
    ‘khor lo sdom pa yab yum gyi rtsa sngags kyi mchan ‘grel/
  10. [The Nectar of the Great Bliss-Guru, Droplets of Jamphel Nyingpo’s Blessings:] Notes on the Prayer to Meet with the Teachings of Tsongkhapa the Great
    tsong kha pa chen po’i bstan pa dang mjal ba’i smon lam gyi zin bris [bde chen bla ma’i gsung gi bdud rtsi ‘jam dpal snying po’i byin rlabs kyi zegs ma/]

 

Vol. 9 (ta)

Contents of Phabongkhapa’s Collected Works, Vol. Ta
pha bong kha pa’i gsung ‘bum pod ta pa’i dkar chag/

  1. Verses for Intervals in the Contents of the Kangyur- Volume One.
    bka’ ‘gyur dkar chag gi bar skabs tshigs bcad stod cha
  2. Verses for Intervals in the Contents of the Kangyur- Volume Two.
    bka’ ‘gyur dkar chag gi bar skabs tshigs bcad smad cha
  3. Brief Notes from a Commentary Given on the Six Session Guru Yoga, the Twenty Stanzas on the Vows, the Fifty Verses on the Guru and the Root Downfalls Constituting a Gross Contravention
    thun drug bla ma’i rnal ‘byor dang /sdom pa nyi shu pa/ bla ma lnga bcu pa/ sngags kyi rtsa ltung sbom po bcas kyi bshad khrid gnang ba’i zin tho mdor bsdus/
  4. [The Essence of the Vast and Profound: A Concise Compilation of] Notes Taken During a Combined Commentary on Tsongkhapa’s Shorter Stages of the Path to Enlightenment and the Essential Instructions of the Swift Path
    rje’i lam rim chung ngu dang / myur lam dmar khrid sbrags ma’i gsung bshad stsal skabs kyi zin bris [mdo tsam du bkod pa zab rgyas snying po]
  5. Easy to Understand Instructions on the Sequential Performance of the Rite of Generating the Mind of Bodhicitta, as Given on One Occasion at Tashilhunpo
    bkras lhun du sems bskyed mchod pa gnang skabs gzhan kyi gzigs bde’I phyag bzhes ‘gros bkod du bstsal ba/
  6. Notes Marking Out Whatever Discrepancies Were Found in Various Wordings of the Manuscript Made from the New Printing Boards of the Great Stages of the Path
    lam rim chen mo par gzhi gsar bskrun gyi ma dpe’i tshig sna mi mthun pa byung ba gang rnyed rnams brjed thor btab pa/

 

Vol. 10 (tha)

  1. The Moon-Vine Increasing the Milk-Lake of Faith: The Biography of Dagpo Bamchoe Lama Lobsang Jamphel Lhundrub Gyatso
    dwags po bam chos bla ma blo bzang ‘jam dpal lhun grub rgya mtsho’i rnam thar dad pa’i ‘o mtsho ‘phel byed zla ba’i ‘khri shing/
  2. Compilation of Notes on Experiential Instructions on The Sacred Words of Mañjuśrī Stages of the Path, According to The Abridged Commentarial Tradition of the Southern Lineage, Received from the Unequalled Dagpo Lama, Lord of the Dharma
    dwags po bla ma mnyam med chos kyi rje las lam rim ‘jam dpal zhal lung gi khrid rgyun bsdus pa lho brgyud du grags pa’i nyams ‘khrid gsan skabs sogs kyi bsnyel byang phyogs bsdebs
  3. A Collection of [Kyabdag Dorjechang Phabongkha’s] Minor Compositions and Instructions
    [khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa’i] bka’ rtsom dang phyag bzhes phran tshegs skor phyogs su bkod pa/
    [The catalogue to the Potala edition lists the third work of the volume as: “The Mirror of the View: Notes Taken During an Explanation of the Profound Commentary on The Hero Entering Into Battle – Transference of Consciousness ‘pho ba dpa’ bo g.yul ‘jug gi zab khrid gnang ba’i gsung bshad zin bris lta ba’i me long/”]
  4. [An Ornament Embellishing Arising Wisdom:] An Explanation of the Layout of the Vairocana-Abhisaṃbodhi
    rnam snang mngon byang gi thig ‘grel [sher ‘byung dgongs rgyan/]
    [The catalogue to the Potala edition lists the fourth work of the volume as: “Abbreviated Rites to Protect Harvests from Rain, Frost, Hail, Disease, Drought and So Forth lo tog gi rim ‘gro dang/ char ‘bebs/ sad ser btsa’ than sogs srung thabs mdor bsdus/“]
  5. [The Heart Essence of the Dakinis of the Three Places: Extremely Secret] Notes on the Profound Commentary of the Two Stages of Queen [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari.
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod dbang mo’i lam rim pa gnyis kyi zab khrid zin bris [shin tu gsang ba gnas gsum mkha’ ‘gro’i snying bcud/]
  6. The Clear Essence of the Profound Path of Great Bliss: An Accessory to The Heart Essence of the Dakinis of the Three Places: Notes on [Vajrayoginī] Naro Kechari’s Two Stages
    [rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma] nA ro mkha’ spyod ma’i rim gnyis zin bris gnas gsum mkha’ ‘gro’i snying bcud kyi zur rgyan bde chen zab lam snying po gsal ba/
  7. The Way to Perform the Increasing Burning Offering at the End of the Great Tenth-part Burning Offering of Vajrayoginī
    rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma’i bcu cha chen mo’i sbyin sreg gi mjug tu rgyas pa’I sbyin sreg bya tshul/
  8. The Way to Perform the Long-life Accomplishment Ritual [Related] to Sita-Tārā [Cintācakra]
    sgrol dkar [yid bzhin ‘khor lo’i sgo nas] tshe sgrub bya tshul/
    [The catalogue to the Potala edition lists the eighth work of the volume as: “The Way To Perform the Gaṇacakra [of Vajrayoginī] de’i tshogs ‘bul tshul la“]

 

Vol. 11 (da)

  1. [Profound and Completely Unmistaken Pith Instructions for Delivering Liberation in Your Hand:] Notes on Experiential Instructions on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment, [the Heart-Elixir of the Unequalled Dharma King,] the Essence of Nectar, Instructions that Assemble the Elixir of all the Teachings
    [rnam grol lag bcangs su gtod pa’i man ngag zab mo tshang la ma nor ba mtshungs med chos kyi rgyal po’i thugs bcud] byang chub lam gyi rim pa’i nyams khrid kyi zin bris gsung rab kun gyi bcud bsdus gdams ngag bdud rtsi’i snying po/

 

Vol. 12 (na), Present Only in the Potala Collection

  1. The Beautiful Ornament of the Oceans: The Biography of the Yogi Wangchuk Yabje Dorjechang Lobsang Sangye Palzangpo, Holder of the Great Unsurpassable Secret Teachings
    gsang chen bla na med pa’i bstan pa’i gdung ‘tshob rnal ‘byor dbang phyug yab rje rdo rje ‘chang blo bzang sangs rgyas dpal bzang po’i rnam thar rgya mtsho’i mdzas rgyan/
  2. A Collection of The Lord of Refuge, Kyabdag Dorjechang Phabongkha’s Minor Compositions and Instructions
    khyab bdag rdo rje ‘chang pha bong kha pa’i bka’ rtsom dang phyag bzhes phran tshegs skor phyogs su bkod pa/
  3. An Ornament Embellishing Arising Wisdom: An Explanation of the Make-up of the Vairocana-Abhisaṃbodhi
    rnam snang mngon byang gi thig ‘brel sher ‘byung dgongs rgyan/
  4. Notes Taken During a Profound Commentary on the Foundation of All Good Qualities, the Abbreviated Essence of the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment
    byang chub lam gyi rim pa’i snying po bsdus pa yon tan gzhi gyur ma’i zab khrid gnang skabs kyi brjed byang/
  5. The Way to Perform the Amending Burning Offering for the Approximation Retreat of Serviceability of the Glorious Solitary Hero Vajrabhairava
    dpal rdo rje ‘jigs byed dpa’ bo cig pa’i las rung gi bsnyen pa’i kha skong sbyin sreg bya tshul/
  6. The Preliminary Practice Text for the Solitary Hero Vajrabhairava Approximation Retreat, Arranged for Convenient Recitation
    de’i bsnyen pa’i sngon ‘gro’i ‘don cha nag ‘gros su bkod pa/
  7. Notes for Ocean of Attainments: The Burning Offering for Solitary Hero Vajrabhairava
    de’i sbyin sreg dngos grub rgya mtsho’i zin bris/
  8. The Hook Which Summons Attainments: The Self-Entry of the Solitary Hero
    dpa’ bo gcig pa’i bdag ‘jug dngos grub ‘gugs pa’i lcags kyu/]

From: Joona Repo, “Phabongkha Dechen Nyingpo: His Collected Works and the Guru-Deity-Protector Triad”, Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, no. 33, October 2015, pp-43-62.

 

Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum

Please click the links below to download the 11 volumes of Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum (or collected works). The text is shared here with all of you so you can print this precious text and put it on your altar as the representation of the Buddha’s speech. You can also print this out to offer it to your teachers and friends:

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 1 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 2 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 3 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 4 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 5 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 6 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 7 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 8 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 9 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 10 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

Pabongka Rinpoche’s Sungbum Volume 11 (click on the image to download in PDF form)

 


 

Divination (‘mo’) Text by Dorje Shugden

This is an important divination (‘mo’) text composed by Dorje Shugden himself. Dorje Shugden took trance of the Choyang Dulzin oracle lama, the senior oracle of Gaden Shartse Monastery, and instantly on the spot composed this text within two hours.

The divination text contains information on how to use dice to do divination for the future and is known to be highly accurate. When practitioners use this text, they will be in direct contact with Dorje Shugden to get answers to questions about the future. It is for those who have good samaya with Dorje Shugden and are free of the eight worldly dharmas to be of benefit to others in divining the future.

Tsem Rinpoche

Mo of Gyalchen Dorje Shugden (Click on the image to download the PDF)

Disclaimer: The text above was sourced from legitimate book-hosting services offering texts for free download. It is made available here for purely educational, non-commercial purposes.

 


 

For more interesting information:

 

Tags: , , ,

Please support us so that we can continue to bring you more Dharma:

If you are in the United States, please note that your offerings and contributions are tax deductible. ~ the tsemrinpoche.com blog team

21 Responses to The Collected Works of H.H Pabongka Rinpoche

DISCLAIMER IN RELATION TO COMMENTS OR POSTS GIVEN BY THIRD PARTIES BELOW

Kindly note that the comments or posts given by third parties in the comment section below do not represent the views of the owner and/or host of this Blog, save for responses specifically given by the owner and/or host. All other comments or posts or any other opinions, discussions or views given below under the comment section do not represent our views and should not be regarded as such. We reserve the right to remove any comments/views which we may find offensive but due to the volume of such comments, the non removal and/or non detection of any such comments/views does not mean that we condone the same.

We do hope that the participants of any comments, posts, opinions, discussions or views below will act responsibly and do not engage nor make any statements which are defamatory in nature or which may incite and contempt or ridicule of any party, individual or their beliefs or to contravene any laws.

  1. Tsem Rinpoche on Nov 20, 2018 at 1:59 pm

    The Library of Tibetan Works and Archives is in Dharamsala, which is broken into two parts. Upper Dharamsala is where the Dalai Lama’s palace is located with his audience room and main prayer hall. It is also the location of the Dialectics School, Gaden Shartse’s guesthouse, restaurants, tourist hotels and main tourist areas.

    A short ride down takes you to the lower part of Dharamsala where the Tibetan government is located. It is the location of the Tibetan Parliament in Exile, Nechung monastery, the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, the Tibetan arts centre…it’s all in one area. And the reason why it’s split into upper and lower Dharamsala is because the area is mountainous.

    The Library of Tibetan Works and Archives was established by the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan government to preserve all the ancient texts – both secular and spiritual – of Tibet and in the process, translate them into various languages like English. This book, Overview of Buddhist Tantra, by Panchen Sonam Drakpa was one of the books translated into English. What’s very interesting is that the book very clearly says that Panchen Sonam Drakpa’s previous life is Duldzin Drakpa Gyaltsen, one of the five main disciples of Lama Tsongkhapa. It also says that after that, he was Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen.

    So the book is basically saying that Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen, Panchen Sonam Drakpa and Duldzin Drakpa Gyaltsen – the three Drakpas – are of the same mindstream.

    Now that’s very peculiar because if Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen’s previous life is Panchen Sonam Drakpa, the renowned composer of 45 volumes of Dharma texts, the abbot of three monasteries AND the 15th Gaden Tripa, the holder of Lama Tsongkhapa’s throne…if that’s the case, how can Panchen Sonam Drakpa take rebirth as Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen and become an evil spirit and have a negative mind?

    Prior to Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen, he was Panchen Sonam Drakpa and before that, he was Duldzin Drakpa Gyaltsen, a heart disciple of Lama Tsongkhapa. How can a heart disciple of Lama Tsongkhapa reincarnate as the erudite master Panchen Sonam Drakpa, and then die and reincarnate as Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen…and then Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen, due to a bad and negative prayer, become the evil spirit Dorje Shugden? How is that possible? Logically, it’s not.

    What’s incredible is that all of this was printed by the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives under the Dalai Lama’s guidance. They contradict themselves because on one hand, the Tibetan leaders say Dorje Shugden is an evil spirit. On the other hand they’re printing a book saying that Panchen Sonam Drakpa, whose later incarnation became Dorje Shugden, is of this illustrious mindstream.

    So how can the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, which is under the auspices of His Holiness the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan government, print the translation of a book composed by the previous incarnation of a so-called evil spirit? How can they then say in the book that Panchen Sonam Drakpa’s previous life is Duldzin Drakpa Gyaltsen, and his next life was Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen?

    Prior to the Dorje Shugden ban and controversy, everyone in Tibet knew that Dorje Shugden is Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen, that Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen is Panchen Sonam Drakpa, and that Panchen Sonam Drakpa is Duldzin Drakpa Gyaltsen. The three Drakpas, they are one mindstream emanating again and again to benefit other beings.

    And as we all know, Tulku Drakpa Gyaltsen became Dorje Shugden so it totally doesn’t make sense to call him an evil spirit, then highlight all of his previous lives as erudite masters, and publish all of this information under their own library. So you can see the contradictions. You can read all of this for yourself in Overview of Buddhist Tantra, which was printed by the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.

    —–

    OVERVIEW OF BUDDHIST TANTRA

    GENERAL PRESENTATION OF THE CLASSES OF TANTRA,
    CAPTIVATING THE MINDS OF THE FORTUNATE ONES

    rgyud sde spyi’i rnam par bzhag pa
    skal bzang gi yid ‘phrog ces bya ba bzhugs so

    BY
    PANCHEN SONAM DRAGPA
    (Pan-chen bSod-nams grags-pa, 1478-1554)

    O Choje Sonam Dragpa Pel! (Chos-rje bSod-nams grags-pa-dpal!)
    In the vast expanse of Your bodhi-mind,
    The mind that the Buddhas have lauded for as many as
    one hundred times,
    You have developed “merit” shining like the sun.
    Through Your skill in learning, debate and writing,
    As illuminating as one hundred thousand sun rays,
    You have developed in You a complete knowledge of
    the entire sutras and tantras,
    Resembling a garden of flowers in full bloom.
    The power of Your speech is like the sun;
    The fame of your name has reached the three realms of
    this world.
    O Sonam Dragpa, the teacher of teachers!
    I bow down at your feet.

    In the vast garden of Your great teachings,
    The intelligent young people gather for
    The ‘six ultimates’ and the ‘four modes of transmission,’
    Just as they are attracted to
    The one hundred thousand types of nectar
    Dripping from a flower of one hundred petals.
    May I be able to experience
    The taste of the secret tantra!

    Panchen Choje Sonam Dragpa Pel (Panchen Chos-rje bSod-nams grags-pa-dpal), the holder of sutra and Vajrayana teachings, was a master whose outstanding learning and spiritual accomplishments are well known by all the learned ones in Tibet. His first incarnation came in the form of one of the five prestigious disciples of Lord Tsongkhapa (Tsong-kha-pa) and became known as Vinaya Holder (Dulzin) Dragpa Gyaltsen (Gragspa rgyal-mtshan). Then came Panchen Sonam Dragpa Pel (Panchen bSod-nams grags-pa-dpal), the author of the present text. The next was Nagri Tulku Dragpa Gyaltsen (mNga’-ris sPrul-sku Grags-pa rgyal-mtshan). In this way, a line of his incarnations, each with the Dragpa (gragspa) surname, followed successively.

    Panchen Sonam Dragpa Pel (Panchen bSod-nams grags-pa-dpal) was born in the 14th century in Tsetang (rTsed-thang) in the Lhoka (Lho-kha) region of Central Tibet. He entered the great seat of learning, Sera Thekchenling (Se-ra theg-chen-gling) monastic university, where he became the personal disciple of spiritual master Donyo Dangden (Dhon-yod dang-ldan) and His Holiness the Second Dalai Lama Gedun Gyatso (dGe-‘dun rgya-mtsho). Under them, he studied the entire teachings of sutra, tantra and their commentaries, and became known for his outstanding learning. He also received from them the empowerments, reading transmissions, guides and instructions of the entire body of spiritual training. On becoming the fully blessed one, the Dalai Lama appointed him the abbot of the Loseling (Blo-gsalgling) college, one of the four colleges of Drepung (‘Bras-dpung)- the most prestigious monastic university in Tibet before 1959, with over 10,000 monks on its register. He continued to be the abbot of this college for the next six years; and after him the tenure for each of his successors in this position was fixed for a period of six years, a rule that is followed even today.

    He was then appointed the head of the Gelugpa (dGe-lugs-pa) order, the throne holder of Gaden (dGa’-ldan), thus becoming the 15th regent of Lord Tsongkhapa (Tsong-khapa), the second Buddha. In his eulogy to him, Khedrub Gelek Pelsang (mKhas-grub dGe-legs dpal- bzang) says:

    O Lama, the second successor of the Unsubduable One,
    The regent of the Lord of Dharma,
    You are the one who made the virtuous qualities thrive;
    You are the one who ascended to the golden throne uplifted
    by the fearless lions.
    May Your success thrive forever!

    He continued to be the throne holder for the next seven years, during which time he promoted the spread of Lord Tsongkhapa’s (Tsong-kha-pa) precious teachings, the Gelug (dGe-lugs) tradition, across the land in all directions. He also paid special attention to the practice of monastic rules and the learning and meditation of Buddhism in the monasteries such as Sera (Se-ra), Drepung (‘Bras-spungs), Kyomolung (sKyo-mo-lung), Phagmo Chode (Phag-mo chos-sde), Nyeding (Nye-sdings), Ödna (’Od-sna) and Chöde Rinchen (Chos-sde rin-chen) etc. and improved them to a great extent. He taught the Third Dalai Lama Sonam Gyatso (bSod-nams rGya-mtsho) as the latter’s spiritual master. It was from him that the Dalai Lama received the name Sonam (bSod-nams).

    His contributions in the literary field are enormous; and, indeed, they are the most valuable of all his contributions. Tsongkhapa (Tsong-kha-pa) has rightly said:

    Of all one’s deeds,
    The ‘deeds of speech’ are the most valuable.

    Panchen Sonam Dragpa Pel (Panchen bSod-nams grags-pa-dpal) was a person with an extraordinary talent for teaching, debate and writing. In his colophon to Bu mey chi don zab don sel wey dron mey (dBu ma’i spyi don zab don gsal ba’i sgron me), he wrote:

    In the field of teaching, I am [next to none!] Knowing that
    I would outdo them in this field, Arya Asanga and his
    brother transmigrated into another realm.

    In the field of debate, I am [next to none!] Knowing that
    I would find out the areas they had contradicted and
    that I would examine them and put forth my arguments,
    the logician Dignaga (Digh-naga) and Dharmakirti tactfully
    bypassed me.

    In the field of writing, I am [next to none!] [In my eyes,]
    Arya-sura was just good at spreading the works, which
    are like ‘disputes~ between an insect and a field.’

    I am the learned man. Peerless in the field of teaching,
    debate and writing!

    For some this passage might sound utterly nonsensical, but the most learned master of our age, the talented teacher, logician and writer, the late tutor to His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Yongdzin Trijang Dorjechang (Yongs-‘dzin Khri-byang rDorje-‘Chang), said: “Now, some people of our time, who consider themselves learned scholars, think that this is utter nonsense; but they are wrong.”

    Panchen Sonam Dragpa Pel (Panchen bSod-nams grags-pa-dpal) wrote over 45 volumes of books dealing with many different subjects, such as the commentaries on the sutras and tantras, the saddhana manuals of the tutelary deities, history, religious history and so forth. Among these, one that is very important for all who wish to learn and meditate on the path-of the practical aspect of Buddhism in general and that of Vajrayana in particular is the Leg shey gyu de chi nam par shagpa kelsang gi yi trod (Legs bshad rgyud sde spyi’i rnam par bzhag pa skal bzang gi yid ‘phrod). In this book, he has explained precisely how the four tantras differ from one another. He has also fully described the stages of the two spontaneous path practices of the Vajrayana tradition, dealing with the ‘six ultimates’ and the ‘four modes of transmission’, thus interpreting without mistake the intention of Adhi-Buddha Vajradhara.

    May the reprint of this text, which the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives is publishing herewith, bring peace and happiness in this world!

    Prof. Nawang Jinpa
    St. Joseph’s College
    Darjeeling
    January 24 1996

    PSD1

    PSD2

    PSD3

    PSD4

    PSD5

  2. Samfoonheei on Oct 7, 2018 at 4:37 pm

    H H Pabongkha Rinpoche the most influential Gelug lama of this century. Its great that he did hold all the important lineages of sutra and tantra teachings and passing them on to most of the important Gelug lamas of the next two generations. Amazing …..his collected works occupy many large volumes and over almost every aspect of Buddhism. He did composed, and each and every chapter incredibly . He also wrote extensively on Vajrayogini and on Heruka, Yamantaka practices, and many, many other practices as well. He was an exceptionally learned and gifted scholar spending most of his life teaching tirelessly . Interesting biography and famous story of Heruka offering nectar to H H Kyabje Phabongka which i do enjoyed reading..
    Thank you Rinpoche for this interesting sharing which will increase my knowledge of a great master. i do enjoyed reading biography of a great master.

  3. Alice Tay on Aug 23, 2017 at 3:32 pm

    Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche was famous as a perfect example of guru devotion. In Pabongka Rinpoche’s teachings, he would always mentioned about his guru eg Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand (Lamrin). At that time, whenever Pabongka Rinpoche visited his lama’s monastery, he would dismount as soon as it appeared in view and would prostrate all the way to the door. When he left the monastery, he would walk backwards until the monastery was out of sight. Furthermore, Pabongka Rinpoche’s main practice was Guru Yoga and due to his strong guru devotion, he gain attainments through this main practice. I would see Pabongka Rinpoche’s deep respect and devotion to his guru as a guide to us and it is very useful and important when we have the opportunity to receive tantric teachings and engage in tantric practices in the future.

    Pabongka Rinpoche’s academic was not outstanding and only obtained a Geshe Lingse Degree. However, Pabongka Rinpoche met his root guru, Dagpo Lama Rinpoche, who taught him the Lamrin and everything started to change and flourish from then on. Pabongka Rinpoche gained much realization when Dagpo Lama Rinpoche taught him a Lamrim topic and then Pabongka Rinpoche would go back and meditate on it. Later, Pabongka Rinpoche return to explain what he understood. I personally think that with Pabongka Rinpoche’s consistency and perseverance for the practices, he can understand well the sutra and therefore able to write the tantra extensively, especially the practice of Vajrayogini with all the details including how to transfer our consciousness into Kechara Paradise at the time of death, as mentioned in his collected works.

    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this wonderful and interesting article about Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche’s collected works with the well and clear explanation on sectarianism in various examples that may help us understand more and share to others.

  4. Stella Cheang on Aug 22, 2017 at 5:58 pm

    Thank you, Rinpoche, for this sharing on Dr. Joona Repo’s work. In his book “Phabongka Dechen Nyingpo: His Collected Works and the Guru-Deity-Protector Triad,” Dr. Joona Repo’s impartial recollections of Pabongka Rinpoche serves to debunk certain perception people have towards this erudite master, who was brought into question because of his emphasis on Dorje Shugden and what was deemed as sectarianism practices.

    Through presenting the vastness and diversity of the works by Pabongka Rinpoche and records of his teaching against sectarianism, this book empirically presents a balanced view of Pabongka Rinpoche against those baseless allegations. The fact that Pabongka Rinpoche wrote extensively about Vajrayogini and had visions of Heruka proved that he is no ordinary Lama.

    Pabongka Rinpoche was, in fact, the reincarnation of a well-known scholar Changkya Rolpay Dorje who was the Royal Tutor to the Chinese Emperors. Because of this sensitivity, Pabongka RInpoche was not recognized his lineage by the power of the day. This in itself is a hint that there are more than meet the eyes.

  5. Jacinta Goh on Jun 30, 2017 at 8:09 am

    Dear Rinpoche,

    By reading some of the headings, one only can imagine how much time needed to be produced these extensive writing, and along with that He has to do His own practice, teachings or other activities plus private teachings to His heart sons or closed disciples. Without great compassion, one will not even bother to write up so many teachings. This is done solely for the sake of preserving Dharma and to help practitioners in their own practice. Thanks to Rinpoche for explaining further on the write up by Joona Repo. Without which, I will not know how can this relate to the practice of Dorje Shugden and the issue surrounding it.
    At least, now I know how to negate those who says that Dorje Shugden’s teaching is not authenthic and the lineage is unclear since it was from the vision of Lord Taphu Rinpoche. If they cannot accept this, perhaps all the termas who have been unveiled so far should be subjected for debates since it did not directly stem from Buddha’s time too. May I able to study these texts in this and my future lives.

    Thank you Rinpoche

  6. Anne Ong on Jun 23, 2017 at 1:24 pm

    HH Pabongka Rinpoche is a very highly attained Lama and his teaching is so profound that many people get benefited from it. H.H. Pabongka Rinpoche is extremely well learned and practiced holy monk and through his effort, study and practice we are able to have such precious works. As mentioned in the article he has thousands of students. And yet there will still others claimed that he is wrong just because he was a Dorje Shugden practitioners? All this is because of the selfish agenda for personal gains.I always like to read how highly attained Lamas manifest their powers. And how they would act in certain ways where nobody would regard them as extraordinary but normal and how those people only realise when its too late. Thank you very much Rinpoche and blog team for this wonderful and interesting write up _/\_

  7. June Kang on Jun 22, 2017 at 8:11 am

    Until you read the Lamrin, you will know how powerful of H.H. KYABJE PABONGKA RINPOCHE. The Lamrim outlined all the important Buddha teachings to lead to the path of enlightenment. He was the root Lama of both Kyabje Ling Rinpoche and Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche, both of them is the tutors of the 14th Dalai Lama. He was also the teacher of most of the other Gelug Lamas. We are very lucky we have the opportunity to learn Lamrin and under Pabongka Rinpoche lineage.

    Kyabje Zong Rinpoche said in his teachings:
    “Kyabje Pabongka was also an emanation of Heruka Chakrasamvara, but degeneration of the times and jealousy of ordinary beings have made it difficult to become aware of his tremendous qualities. There are many biographies of Kyabje Pabongka that make his realized qualities very clear”.

    And yet there will still others claimed that he is wrong just because he was a Dorje Shugden practitioners? All this is because of the selfish agenda for personal gains. I hope all those peoples please stop doing that because you are only created bad Karma by stopping others to learn from such a great master for their enlightenment.

  8. Pastor Antoinette on Jun 22, 2017 at 8:05 am

    H.H. Pabongka Rinpoche is extremely well learned and practiced holy monk and through his effort, study and practice we are able to have such precious works. As mentioned in the article he has thousands of students. Why do people say he is sectarian? On a worldly level, some may choose the brand over another one for this or that reason, yes this is a choice. On a spiritual level, we may be are attracted on a deity because of karmic connection.

    “There isn’t a Gelugpa master alive today, who is not connected to Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche in one way or another, such as belonging to either his sutric or tantric lineage, or having read or studied his many works.”

    We are very fortunate to have The Collected Works of HH Pabongka Rinpoche available here in Tibetan language. May we all be connected always to the holy Dharma and Lama Tsongkhapa’s lineage.

  9. Mingwen on Jun 22, 2017 at 7:27 am

    Here is another great article sharing stories about Pabongka Rinpoche. The works of high lamas are simply aspiring!

    http://www.dorjeshugden.org/blog/holy-and-profound-pabongk

  10. Eric kksiow on Jun 22, 2017 at 6:26 am

    Pabongkhapa Déchen Nyingpo was a Gelug lama of the modern era of Tibetan Buddhism. He attained his Geshe degree at Sera Mey Monastic University, Lhasa, and became a highly influential teacher in Tibet, unusual for teaching a great number of lay people. Pabongkha was offered the regency of the present Dalai Lama but declined the request because “he strongly disliked political affairs. ~ WIKI

    I always admired all the Monks, wish one day i can be one of them, sitting in cave ( meditations ), study, contemplate and practice Dharma for whole life, after self improvement can out to benefit more and more peoples, animals and other sentient beings. ( I strongly wish that ).

    OM BENZA WIKI BITANA SOHA

  11. Pastor Albert on Jun 22, 2017 at 2:40 am

    HH Pabongka Rinpoche is a very highly attained Lama and his teaching is so profound that many people get benefited from it. While reading this article, it reminded me of an article I read before about His Holiness’s power to have immediate effect on the listeners, although his teaching is very profound, but he can always explain it very clearly and pass the message across.

    The below story proved that how powerful HH Pabongka Rinpoche’s teaching can be and he can transform the audience’s mind and to subdue their ego immediately.

    ——————————————————————–

    Dapon Tsago was a member of the nobility and had held a powerful position in the government that is equivalent to the Minister of Defence.
    One day, this great general Dapon marched into the hall where Pabongka Rinpoche was giving a teaching, all decked out in his finest silks and with his long hair flowing in carefully tailored locks. At that time, this was considered the highest of fashion in Tibet. He had hung a great ceremonial sword from his belt and whenever he walked, it would make a loud clanging noise of importance, as if to announce his arrival. However, by the end of the first section of Pabongka’s teachings, he was seen leaving the hall quietly, deep in thought. He had even wrapped up his weapon of war in a cloth to hide it, and was taking it home. Later, it was seen that he had actually trimmed off his warrior’s locks. Finally, one day, he threw himself before Pabongka Rinpoche and requested for the special lifetime religious vows for laymen. From then on, he was seen to follow Pabongka around to every public teaching that he gave.

    ————————————————————————

    So how can he be sectarian and promoting a Devil as a Protector? Dorje Shugden is being practiced by many high lamas like Pabongka Rinpoche, but because of politics and the selfish agenda from the Authorities, Pabongka’s name was badly bad-mouthed and many rumours being spread in order to pull him down.

    Another great work from Pabongka Rinpoche is the 24 days teaching by Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche – Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand, this book became the foundation of most Gelug teachers’ Lamrim presentations, including those of the great Gelug Masters all over the world who are still alive and practicing today. The book conveyed a strong sense of what it was like to have been there with this remarkable Master.

    I sincerely hope all these politics can stop and let His Holiness Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche wield his full power to benefit and save the countless beings.

  12. Justin Cheah on Jun 22, 2017 at 1:56 am

    HH Pabongka Rinpoche is one of the most revered Lama in Tibetan Buddhism not only for HH attainment but also all the Dharma works HH did everyone of HH’s lifetime with only one intention, benefit others. It is indeed very disheartening to learn that HH’s name is most often being smeared due to HH’s staunch stance on Dorje Shugden. Till this day, there are people in the Tibetan (leadership especially) community still refused to recognise HH’s great contribution towards the Tibetan Buddhist world. I believe one day the truth about Dorje Shugden will prevail and be revealed to the world that the unnecessary ban on this sacred practice once by literally the whole of Tibetan Buddhist world for 400 hundreds of years be lifted and the status and respect of highly attained Lamas like HH Pabongka Rinpoche will be restored to where HH belongs. Not that Sangha members would mind if their attainment or status to be undermined but it is only correct for highly attained masters like HH.

  13. Andrea Lai on Jun 22, 2017 at 1:07 am

    One thing I got to know that many high lamas have their own unique in their tantric practices and spiritual way. His Holiness Pabongka Rinpoche was a very special high ordain lama, where his practices were so sacred that needed to keep away from public which causes much impeachment on him.

    One of the reason Pabongka Rinpoche been criticized was his practices on Dorje Shugden which was popularized by His Holiness. It is truly unfair and sad one person was forbidden to have freedom choice of religion where discrimination was taken place by the Tibetan leadership. The ban of Dorje Shugden has caught many attention, curiosity and interest into this practice. Thank you to the Tibetan leadership! (LOL).

  14. Pastor Henry Ooi on Jun 21, 2017 at 11:04 pm

    It is a shame that some people can go to the extend to tell lies, spread rumours, frame and blame others whom they think are a threat to them or to their masters/employers. This is evident everywhere where humans exist. In this case, one of the main reasons HH Pabongka Rinpoche was and still is being bad-mouthed and scorned at by some people in the past and in the present, was because he popularised Dorje Shugden. Perhaps the Tibetan leadership of the past and the present government-in-exile in Dharamsala, India, did not want the history of Dorje Shugden to be rekindled. Maybe they want to keep the skeletons in the closet. But by enforcing the ban on Dorje Shugden practice, it has attracted more eyes on Dorje Shugden lineage. And it is making Dorje Shugden more talked about globally.

  15. pammie yap on Jun 21, 2017 at 10:49 pm

    a) Topic: *The collected works of HH Pabongka Rinpoche*
    Link: https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/the-collected-works-of-h-h-pabongka-rinpoche.html

    I always like to read how highly attained Lamas manifest their ‘powers’. And how they would act in certain ways where nobody would regard them as extraordinary but normal and how those people only realise when its too ‘late’. I believe that no matter what, no one should be criticized nor judged. Especially if they are in robes and holding their vows. The same goes to freedom to practice. Nobody has the right to say what or who we can pray to.

    When I first knew him, was through the Lamrim. I really liked how the teachings was taught. He taught so much and upheld the teachings/lineage of Lama Tsongkhapa. Even till today, His teachings are still being used in monasteries. That shows how authentic His teachings were. May misconceptions and wrong views be cleared.

    Nowadays, whenever people ask me about it (curious of the thickness of Lamrim) I would always proudly say that it’s the Buddhist ‘bible’. Hehe..

  16. nicholas on Jun 21, 2017 at 10:25 pm

    Pabongka Rinpoche life story is one of many that lay low profile but yet his attainment and teaching changes many people’s lives. I strongly agree that due to his caliber many may be jealous and created unnecessary conflict to defame him but what important is to study and understand what Pabongka Rinpoche has brought the teaching of Buddhism which many of the great master has learned from him. There are many great master that learned from him and does it mean all of them are wrong? Or only certain practice and teaching by Pabongka Rinpoche is wrong? How can it be such selective which of the lineage come from the same source? Doesn’t make sense.

    I personally feel that is very fortunate to learn under Pabongka Rinpoche lineage that through real result his teaching has contribute producing many success great master that continue to turn the wheel of dharma.

  17. wan wai meng on Jun 6, 2017 at 1:21 am

    I have read only halfway this article about Pabongka Rinpoche. Always happy to read and learn more about this great Lama. He mastered the sutra and tantra, wrote extensively and is the guru of all gurus. Hope to finish the rest tomorrow.

    • wan wai meng on Jun 10, 2017 at 11:53 pm

      Je Pabongka is truly an inspiration, who has taught so much and is also a prolific writer. I like the points brought up by the Dr. Joona Repo, That Je Pabongka Rinpoche taught many other deities not just Dorje Shugden and Vajrayogini, he in fact taught a lot about Yamantaka and Heruka Chakrasamvara as well. If one went through headings in his namtar there are a great variety of topics that Je Pabongka went into as well.

  18. Choong on Jun 2, 2017 at 1:03 am

    To me Pabongka Rinpoche’s makeup itself is a teaching about how one should not idolize someone just because of his academic qualification for as Rinpoche explained, Pabongka Rinpoche gained just a “pass” for his monastic studies in Sera.

    Another makeup of Pabongka “the rock” Rinpoche is that he was not recognized as any famous Tulku incarnation hence this also teaches us the same point as before – not to idolize someone just because he is recognized as an incarnation of a famous line of Tulkus.

    Rather, because of Pabongka Rinpoche’s deep realizations of the dharma and subsequent abilities to explain it in a logical fashion to the lay people in particular, that true faith in the dharma develops.

    Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche Dorjechang is hence a dharma teacher extraordinaire, someone whose teachings can withstand the test of logic and does not depend on the ancillary support of paper qualifications or Tulkuship. Truly a diamond in our midst.

    • Choong on Jun 4, 2017 at 11:38 pm

      Nothing less than Lama “The man from the onion valley” Tsongkhapa was of course “the” prior example of this makeup.

Leave a Reply

Maximum file size: 15MB each
Allowed file types: jpg, jpeg, gif, png

 

Maximum file size: 50MB
Allowed file type: mp4
Maximum file size: 15MB each
Allowed file types: pdf, docx

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Blog Chat

BLOG CHAT

Dear blog friends,

I’ve created this section for all of you to share your opinions, thoughts and feelings about whatever interests you.

Everyone has a different perspective, so this section is for you.

Tsem Rinpoche


SCHEDULED CHAT SESSIONS / 中文聊天室时间表

THURSDAY
10 - 11PM (GMT +8)
5 - 6AM (PST)
(除了每个月的第一个星期五)
SATURDAY
11AM - 12PM (GMT +8)
FRIDAY 7 - 8PM (PST)

UPCOMING TOPICS FOR DEC / 十二月份讨论主题

Please come and join in the chat for a fun time and support. See you all there.


Blog Chat Etiquette

These are some simple guidelines to make the blog chat room a positive, enjoyable and enlightening experience for everyone. Please note that as this is a chat room, we chat! Do not flood the chat room, or post without interacting with others.

EXPAND
Be friendly

Remember that these are real people you are chatting with. They may have different opinions to you and come from different cultures. Treat them as you would face to face, and respect their opinions, and they will treat you the same.

Be Patient

Give the room a chance to answer you. Patience is a virtue. And if after awhile, people don't respond, perhaps they don't know the answer or they did not see your question. Do ask again or address someone directly. Do not be offended if people do not or are unable to respond to you.

Be Relevant

This is the blog of H.E. Tsem Rinpoche. Please respect this space. We request that all participants here are respectful of H.E. Tsem Rinpoche and his organisation, Kechara.

Be polite

Avoid the use of language or attitudes which may be offensive to others. If someone is disrespectful to you, ignore them instead of arguing with them.

Please be advised that anyone who contravenes these guidelines may be banned from the chatroom. Banning is at the complete discretion of the administrator of this blog. Should anyone wish to make an appeal or complaint about the behaviour of someone in the chatroom, please copy paste the relevant chat in an email to us at care@kechara.com and state the date and time of the respective conversation.

Please let this be a conducive space for discussions, both light and profound.

KECHARA FOREST RETREAT PROGRESS UPDATES

Here is the latest news and pictorial updates, as it happens, of our upcoming forest retreat project.

The Kechara Forest Retreat is a unique holistic retreat centre focused on the total wellness of body, mind and spirit. This is a place where families and individuals will find peace, nourishment and inspiration in a natural forest environment. At Kechara Forest Retreat, we are committed to give back to society through instilling the next generation with universal positive values such as kindness and compassion.

For more information, please read here (english), here (chinese), or the official site: retreat.kechara.com.

Noticeboard

Name: Email:
For:  
Mail will not be published
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Dec 19. 2018 01:30 AM
    Mongols believed 5th Dalai Lama was someone else!

    Interesting! Who and why would the Mongolians believe that the 5th Dalai Lama should be someone else? An insight into the politics of Tibetan Religious Hierarchy and treachery that exists even in Buddhist communities.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/dorje-shugden/mongols-believed-5th-dalai-lama-was-someone-else.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Dec 19. 2018 01:25 AM
    Powerhouse Pujas in December 2018. Don’t Miss Out!

    Reminder! Pujas by Kechara with monks for powerful blessings. Make your date available to attend with your family. Good welcome for the New Year.

    Powerhouse Pujas in December 2018. Don’t Miss Out!
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Dec 19. 2018 01:22 AM
    Vows: The Roots of All Attainments

    Have you ever thought of this? Why do Buddhists take Vows? What are the benefits and what vows to take? Are vows binding and restricting us from freedom? Find out more from this comprehensive post.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/students-friends/vows-the-roots-of-all-attainments.html
  • Lin Mun
    Tuesday, Dec 18. 2018 10:10 PM
    There are just so many points to prove that the allegation towards Dorje Shugden is a spirit is wrong. Tibetan Buddhism stress on lineage, origins and transmission teaching from the lineage master. How can the lineage master such as Pabongka Rinpoche and Trijang Rinpoche be wrong in giving Dorje Shugden practise. If it is so, then HH Dalai Lama would be wrong too since he follow the teaching from his Guru, HH Trijang Rinpoche.

    If Dorje Shugden is indeed a spirit, then all the high lamas would have broken their vow and reborn in the lower realms. But many highly attained lamas reincarnate and continue to spread the dharma for example, HH Trijang Rinpoche, HH Zong Rinpoche and many more.

    Therefore it is important for us to understand the ban and the real reason it is initiated by CTA , of which is driven by personal agenda.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/our-lama-vs-the-dalai-lama-the-underlying-reasons-for-the-ban.html
  • Lin Mun
    Tuesday, Dec 18. 2018 09:49 PM
    Wonderful news and great way to end the 2018. Everyone will have the opportunities to engage in all the powerful pujas in the holy land and with monks from monastery. An opportunity not to be missed. Thank you Rinpoche for organising these pujas.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/powerhouse-pujas-in-december-2018-dont-miss-out.html
  • Yee Yin
    Tuesday, Dec 18. 2018 05:35 PM
    Do you do meditation? Meditation is a very good way to calm ourselves and our mind down and observe our own thinking. In the UK, some of the schools have introduced meditation session to the school children. In some of the prisons in the US, meditation is also introduced to the prisoners to help them calm their mind. Meditation is not a religious practice but a practice that can be carried out by anyone for their wellbeings. Read here to see how people around the world are meditating for a better wellbeing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/etc/6-incredible-global-mass-meditation.html
    [no sender]
  • Chris
    Tuesday, Dec 18. 2018 05:35 PM
    Thank you, Rinpoche and the blog team for this amazing article. Panchen Sonam Drakpa, in my opinion, is the most erudite and powerful lama among all other Dorje Shugden’s incarnations. He is the only who served as the Gaden Tripa as well as the Abbot of all three major monasteries of the Gelug traditions

    There are no other lamas in the history that manage to do that. This is how good he is. So, how can a high lama with such calibre or attainments become an evil spirit when he dies? Lamas that have such attainments or accomplishment will be regarded as enlightened due to the nature of their work. Minds that have such level of attainments will not degenerate, unlike normal minds.

    Hence, it is not logical to say that the reincarnation of this very same mind which is Tulku Drakpa Gyeltsen will become an evil spirit that will harm Tibet and also His Holiness the Dalai Lama. It is just not possible. Anyone that actually knows a little bit about Tibetan Buddhism will be able to know that it is a lie. That is why it is safe for us to conclude that Dorje Shugden is an enlightened protector because before he arose as a Dharma Protector, his mind had already reached enlightenment.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/the-most-illustrious-panchen-sonam-drakpa.html
  • Yee Yin
    Tuesday, Dec 18. 2018 05:25 PM
    A reincarnated lama will often do things that are similar to what he was doing in his previous lives. For Tsem Rinpoche, his immediate previous life was Kentrul Rinpoche Thubten Lamsang. Kentrul Rinpoche was sent to a remote area in Tibet by his teacher, Trijang Rinpoche to spread Dharma. The place he went to was considered a ‘barbaric’ place because people there did not know Dharma. Similarly, in this life, Tsem Rinpoche was sent by his teacher to Malaysia to spread Dharma. Even though there are many Buddhists in Malaysia but many of us do not really know Dharma, so this is also considered to be a barbaric place. Read the article below and you will find more similarities between these 2 life times.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/autobiography/kentrul-thubten-lamsang.html
    [no sender]
  • Yee Yin
    Tuesday, Dec 18. 2018 05:06 PM
    Is being born in a wealthy and comfortable environment a good fortune? Is it a bad fortune if we are born in an environment where there is a lot of hardships? It is not necessarily true. Many people who are born in a wealthy family end up being a spoilt brat who doesn’t achieve much in their lives. People who have gone through much hardship often train themselves to become a better and successful person. In this article, Mr. Sung-Bong Choi has gone through a lot of hardship in his life but he did not become bitter. He works hard for what he wants and he does his best. Do read about his story here:

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/hardship-pushes-us-to-the-top-korea.html
    [no sender]
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Dec 18. 2018 02:27 PM
    Ann Dustin Wilson is an American musician, best known as the lead singer and songwriter of the hard rock band Heart. She was listed as one of the “Top Heavy Metal Vocalists of All Time” by Hit Parader magazine. Amazing she has such a powerful soprano vocal range voice for her age. She sang in tribute to Led Zeppelin where every one in the audience were stunned and moved by her songs. She was one of the most legendary and respected female voices in modern rock music.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing of a super talented singer.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/legendary-heart
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Dec 18. 2018 02:26 PM
    Tsawa Pulthok Rinpoche a student of His Holiness Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche. He has gone through much hardship, torture and beatings while in detention during the Chinese invasion for 19 long years. Yet he was one nice and respected Lama who kept his monk vows. He has accepted it with no hard feelings against the soldiers who has tortured him. Spending most of his remaining time in meditation, retreats and pujas for the public.
    In life all of us have the right to make decisions and have choices about how we live our life. Making our own choices about the things we do is very important because it gives us the meaning of life to be happy and those around us.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/tsawa-pulthok-rinpoche
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Dec 18. 2018 02:25 PM
    The practice of Dorje Shugden has been passed down within the Sakya lineage for several generations. Dorje Shugden was first practised by the Sakyas in the early 17th century. There were many other great Sakya throneholders who practised and proliferated Dorje Shugden Tanag within the Sakya tradition. This unique form of Dorje Shugden riding on a black horse can found on numerous older Sakya thangkas. We are fortunate able to see now with this new printing as shown in this post.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/sakya-dorje-shugden-tanag
  • Chris
    Tuesday, Dec 18. 2018 12:22 AM
    It is quite shocking to hear His Holiness the Dalai Lama to talk about refugee should go back to their own country and Europe belongs to Europeans. This is because the Tibetans have been refugees for over six decades now and they are still staying in India. If His Holiness meant what he says, then all Tibetans should move back to Tibet and develop Tibet instead of hanging around in India because India belongs to Indians.

    Why is it okay for Tibetans to stay in India for over six decades while other refugees need to return to their own country? Why is His Holiness being two-faced when it comes to this issue? Why is it okay for Tibetans to stay in India and be a freeloader for so long while other refugees from another nation need to return to their own country.

    Tibetans have been freeloading in India for over six decades now and India still continues to host them. India’s kindness should not be taken granted for and Tibetans should at least contribute back to Indian’s society. I don’t think they will be going back to Tibet looking at the current government and how they are sabotaging their chance to return to Tibet by irritating China with their actions here and there.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/dalai-lama-says-too-many-refugees-in-europe.html
  • Sofi
    Monday, Dec 17. 2018 11:58 PM
    How to Purify Your Karma in Kechara Forest Retreat?

    Kechara Forest Retreat is so highly blessed that many miracles had been shared by the visitors. Read more here for how you can purify your karma and gain merits too.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/how-to-purify-your-karma-in-kechara-forest-retreat.html
  • Sofi
    Monday, Dec 17. 2018 11:39 PM
    17 Best U.S. Cities for Hippies

    An interesting read of Hippies in America. I think that hippies are unique to America as I had not read of any in other countries

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/art-architecture/17-best-u-s-cities-for-hippies.html

1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · »

Messages from Rinpoche

Scroll down within the box to view more messages from Rinpoche. Click on the images to enlarge. Click on 'older messages' to view archived messages. Use 'prev' and 'next' links to navigate between pages

Use this URL to link to this section directly: https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/#messages-from-rinpoche

Previous Live Videos

MORE VIDEOS

Shugdenpas Speaking Up Across The Globe

From Europe Shugden Association:


MORE VIDEOS

From Tibetan Public Talk:


MORE VIDEOS

CREDITS

Concept: Tsem Rinpoche
Technical: Lew Kwan Leng, Justin Ripley, Yong Swee Keong
Design: Justin Ripley, Cynthia Lee
Content: Tsem Rinpoche, Justin Ripley, Pastor Shin Tan, Sarah Yap
Admin: Pastor Loh Seng Piow, Beng Kooi

I must thank my dharma blog team who are great assets to me, Kechara and growth of dharma in this wonderful region. I am honoured and thrilled to work with them. I really am. Maybe I don't say it enough to them, but I am saying it now. I APPRECIATE THESE GUYS VERY MUCH!

Tsem Rinpoche

Stay Updated

What Am I Writing Now

Facebook Fans Youtube Views Blog Views
Animal Care Fund
  Bigfoot, Yeti, Sasquatch

The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
So go pursue all the way with the unknown,
because all unknown with familiarity becomes the known.
~Tsem Rinpoche

Photos On The Go

Click on the images to view the bigger version. And scroll down and click on "View All Photos" to view more images.
The forward on the book authored by the erudite Panchen Sonam Drakpa is highly unusual but good. The background on this great master is even more interesting. Read here- https://bit.ly/2EzT5Kx
yesterday
The forward on the book authored by the erudite Panchen Sonam Drakpa is highly unusual but good. The background on this great master is even more interesting. Read here- https://bit.ly/2EzT5Kx
Kechara Saraswati Arts (KSA) offers a comprehensive statue and tsa tsa painting service. We are able to paint both the face and body, using traditional Tibetan techniques and materials.

KSA can transform a ‘bare’ or ‘raw’ object of art into a living masterpiece through a variety of painting techniques. There are several ‘finishes’ to choose from. Be it an ‘antique’ look, a fully-painted colourful finish or a simple ‘gold dusted look’, your imagination and heart’s wishes are fulfilled through KSA’s mastery and artistry in action.

Our team have learnt the techniques of traditional statue painting from the finest artists of India, Tibet and Nepal. Through months of intense training and practice, our talented artists have mastered the art of painting both peaceful and wrathful features.
5 days ago
Kechara Saraswati Arts (KSA) offers a comprehensive statue and tsa tsa painting service. We are able to paint both the face and body, using traditional Tibetan techniques and materials. KSA can transform a ‘bare’ or ‘raw’ object of art into a living masterpiece through a variety of painting techniques. There are several ‘finishes’ to choose from. Be it an ‘antique’ look, a fully-painted colourful finish or a simple ‘gold dusted look’, your imagination and heart’s wishes are fulfilled through KSA’s mastery and artistry in action. Our team have learnt the techniques of traditional statue painting from the finest artists of India, Tibet and Nepal. Through months of intense training and practice, our talented artists have mastered the art of painting both peaceful and wrathful features.
Unusual depiction of Lord Manjushri. I like it.
5 days ago
Unusual depiction of Lord Manjushri. I like it.
Stunning!!!
5 days ago
Stunning!!!
If we have eye problems, this is a good practice and it\'s simple- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=180488
6 days ago
If we have eye problems, this is a good practice and it's simple- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=180488
Many times in the morning my Oser girl will go sunbathe. She really enjoys it. Tsem Rinpoche
6 days ago
Many times in the morning my Oser girl will go sunbathe. She really enjoys it. Tsem Rinpoche
My Oser girl is very photogenic. Tsem Rinpoche
6 days ago
My Oser girl is very photogenic. Tsem Rinpoche
Vintage stunning thangka of Lord Tsongkapa with many other enlightened beings.
6 days ago
Vintage stunning thangka of Lord Tsongkapa with many other enlightened beings.
Beautiful antique thangka of Sakya Pandita
6 days ago
Beautiful antique thangka of Sakya Pandita
The last Lama-Ruler of Mongolia was 8th Jebtsundamba Khutughtu. He did not have a good ending as Mongolia \'fell\'. Read about him- https://bit.ly/2UD83oa
7 days ago
The last Lama-Ruler of Mongolia was 8th Jebtsundamba Khutughtu. He did not have a good ending as Mongolia 'fell'. Read about him- https://bit.ly/2UD83oa
Last Queen of Mongolia-Very interesting what happened to her and tragic too- https://bit.ly/2GcfhfF
7 days ago
Last Queen of Mongolia-Very interesting what happened to her and tragic too- https://bit.ly/2GcfhfF
The famous and powerful state oracle of Mongolia- Interesting and must read- 
 https://bit.ly/2Py3QhI
7 days ago
The famous and powerful state oracle of Mongolia- Interesting and must read- https://bit.ly/2Py3QhI
1984 Los Angeles-Left to right: Geshe Tsultrim Gyeltsen, His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, monk assistant to Zong Rinpoche and the 18 year old Tsem Rinpoche prior to ordination. Read more-  https://bit.ly/2C5OM7l
7 days ago
1984 Los Angeles-Left to right: Geshe Tsultrim Gyeltsen, His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, monk assistant to Zong Rinpoche and the 18 year old Tsem Rinpoche prior to ordination. Read more- https://bit.ly/2C5OM7l
Nice to see Blog Chat going on
1 week ago
Nice to see Blog Chat going on
In the middle of the metropolitan city of Bangkok near the upmarket shopping district is a chapel dedicated to Tara right in the centre of town. Lovely. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
In the middle of the metropolitan city of Bangkok near the upmarket shopping district is a chapel dedicated to Tara right in the centre of town. Lovely. Tsem Rinpoche
Cheeky and cute little He Wei is telling you to get a Dorje Shugden pamphlet now!!!
1 week ago
Cheeky and cute little He Wei is telling you to get a Dorje Shugden pamphlet now!!!
My little cute Oser girl doggie is always nearby. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
My little cute Oser girl doggie is always nearby. Tsem Rinpoche
Tsem Rinpoche\'s father with His Holiness the Dalai Lama. The little girl is his brother\'s daughter. Her name is Tara.
1 week ago
Tsem Rinpoche's father with His Holiness the Dalai Lama. The little girl is his brother's daughter. Her name is Tara.
Our Gyenze Chapel in Kechara Forest Retreat is visited by people from all over Malaysia now. Many have had their wishes fulfilled.
1 week ago
Our Gyenze Chapel in Kechara Forest Retreat is visited by people from all over Malaysia now. Many have had their wishes fulfilled.
Very nice class going on in Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia. Learning Dharma is the key to overcoming our mind that is unsettled. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
Very nice class going on in Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia. Learning Dharma is the key to overcoming our mind that is unsettled. Tsem Rinpoche
Left to right: 103rd Gaden Tripa Lobsang Tenzin, Gaden Shartse Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche.
1 week ago
Left to right: 103rd Gaden Tripa Lobsang Tenzin, Gaden Shartse Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche.
Tsem Rinpoche holding the young incarnation of Zong Rinpoche in Gaden Shartse Monastery.
1 week ago
Tsem Rinpoche holding the young incarnation of Zong Rinpoche in Gaden Shartse Monastery.
In Gaden Monastery.

Left to right: Tenzin Trinley Rinpoche, Kari Kentrul Rinpoche, Zong Rinpoche, Tsem Rinpoche, Gyalkhangtse Rinpoche, Kating Rinpoche and Genpa Rinpoche. Extreme right is the senior Dorje Shugden oracle of Gaden Monastery, Choyang Dulzin Kuten.
1 week ago
In Gaden Monastery. Left to right: Tenzin Trinley Rinpoche, Kari Kentrul Rinpoche, Zong Rinpoche, Tsem Rinpoche, Gyalkhangtse Rinpoche, Kating Rinpoche and Genpa Rinpoche. Extreme right is the senior Dorje Shugden oracle of Gaden Monastery, Choyang Dulzin Kuten.
Tsem Rinpoche with the Abbots of Gaden Jangtse Monastery and Gaden Shartse Monastery escorting a photo of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. This is in the main prayer hall of Gaden Monastery.
1 week ago
Tsem Rinpoche with the Abbots of Gaden Jangtse Monastery and Gaden Shartse Monastery escorting a photo of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. This is in the main prayer hall of Gaden Monastery.
Tsem Rinpoche in Gaden Monastery
1 week ago
Tsem Rinpoche in Gaden Monastery
My father Mr. Lobsang Gyatso and myself. He came to Gaden Monastery to visit me. While he was alive he lived in Taiwan. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
My father Mr. Lobsang Gyatso and myself. He came to Gaden Monastery to visit me. While he was alive he lived in Taiwan. Tsem Rinpoche
The most precious Buddha Shakyamuni of Tibet. He is called Jowo Rinpoche and He is in the central Cathedral of Lhasa, Tibet. All the crowns, earrings, necklaces and jewels were constructed and offered by Je Tsongkapa onto this Buddha 600 years ago. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
The most precious Buddha Shakyamuni of Tibet. He is called Jowo Rinpoche and He is in the central Cathedral of Lhasa, Tibet. All the crowns, earrings, necklaces and jewels were constructed and offered by Je Tsongkapa onto this Buddha 600 years ago. Tsem Rinpoche
Click on picture to enlarge, I have something to share.
1 week ago
Click on picture to enlarge, I have something to share.
This is how you can practice Tantric Buddhas without initiation or commitment- https://bit.ly/2PstN28
1 week ago
This is how you can practice Tantric Buddhas without initiation or commitment- https://bit.ly/2PstN28
Many great lamas are pictured here together. I have met many of them and they are very learned and holy. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
Many great lamas are pictured here together. I have met many of them and they are very learned and holy. Tsem Rinpoche
Do share this picture message with friends.
1 week ago
Do share this picture message with friends.
Faster, Faster!!! Can\'t you go any faster! We are late for our puja! Read on- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=179695
1 week ago
Faster, Faster!!! Can't you go any faster! We are late for our puja! Read on- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=179695
Has Pastor David achieved enlightenment under the bodhi tree?
1 week ago
Has Pastor David achieved enlightenment under the bodhi tree?
Very nice. Pastor Seng Piow\'s beautiful Kalarupa statue has finally arrived.
1 week ago
Very nice. Pastor Seng Piow's beautiful Kalarupa statue has finally arrived.
Animals are made to suffer so much. We should never add to their sufferings. We should never beat, abuse, use, kill or eat them. We should be loving with them or just leave them to live their lives.~Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
Animals are made to suffer so much. We should never add to their sufferings. We should never beat, abuse, use, kill or eat them. We should be loving with them or just leave them to live their lives.~Tsem Rinpoche
It will break your heart, but you need to see this- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=179733



Thank you, Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
It will break your heart, but you need to see this- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=179733 Thank you, Tsem Rinpoche
Find out what happened to this baby- https://bit.ly/2RdxM4o
1 week ago
Find out what happened to this baby- https://bit.ly/2RdxM4o
A very sad true story

Please sign to help end animal experimentation:
https://www.change.org/p/tell-neutrogena-to-stop-all-animal-testing
1 week ago
A very sad true story Please sign to help end animal experimentation: https://www.change.org/p/tell-neutrogena-to-stop-all-animal-testing
My grandaunt Nirgidma whom I have never met but learning more about her now. She lived and died in France. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
My grandaunt Nirgidma whom I have never met but learning more about her now. She lived and died in France. Tsem Rinpoche
Did you know we can grow vegetables under water contrary to need the bright sun, earth and on the surface? Very interesting- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=179595
1 week ago
Did you know we can grow vegetables under water contrary to need the bright sun, earth and on the surface? Very interesting- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=179595
A very rare Buddha hardly seen. He is said to help us overcome laziness. Understand more- https://bit.ly/2EaEtk3
1 week ago
A very rare Buddha hardly seen. He is said to help us overcome laziness. Understand more- https://bit.ly/2EaEtk3
 
 
When you are sleeping, do you get disturbed by supernatural entities or re-occurring dreams that are frightening? Do you sometimes feel a presence in the room with you when sleeping? I have something here that might help you as I have been asked many times about these occurrences. - https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=179116
2 weeks ago
When you are sleeping, do you get disturbed by supernatural entities or re-occurring dreams that are frightening? Do you sometimes feel a presence in the room with you when sleeping? I have something here that might help you as I have been asked many times about these occurrences. - https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=179116
Foretelling the future in the Tibetan tradition- https://bit.ly/2AKzSl8
2 weeks ago
Foretelling the future in the Tibetan tradition- https://bit.ly/2AKzSl8
Malaysian Brickfields Chief Monk Sri Dhammaratana Fosters Harmony with Tibetan Buddhism- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=178837
2 weeks ago
Malaysian Brickfields Chief Monk Sri Dhammaratana Fosters Harmony with Tibetan Buddhism- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=178837
马来西亚十五碑锡兰佛寺达摩拉达纳长老与藏传佛教界建交- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=179077
2 weeks ago
马来西亚十五碑锡兰佛寺达摩拉达纳长老与藏传佛教界建交- https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=179077
For high resolution download of this beautiful artwork of Dorje Shugden, please click here: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
2 weeks ago
For high resolution download of this beautiful artwork of Dorje Shugden, please click here: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
A stupa built dedicated to Dorje Shugden in Tibet.
2 weeks ago
A stupa built dedicated to Dorje Shugden in Tibet.
Repetitive Bad Dreams Disturbing Your Sleep?This might help you- https://bit.ly/2TTp8tw
3 weeks ago
Repetitive Bad Dreams Disturbing Your Sleep?This might help you- https://bit.ly/2TTp8tw
Click on "View All Photos" above to view more images

Videos On The Go

Please click on the images to watch video
  • Nice cups from Kechara!!
    yesterday
    Nice cups from Kechara!!
    Dorje Shugden people's lives matter!
  • Enjoy a peaceful morning at Kechara Forest Retreat
    4 days ago
    Enjoy a peaceful morning at Kechara Forest Retreat
    Chirping birds and other forest animals create a joyful melody at the Vajrayogini stupa in Kechara Forest Retreat (Bentong, Malaysia).
  • His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche makes offering of khata to Dorje Shugden.
    6 days ago
    His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche makes offering of khata to Dorje Shugden.
    Trijang Rinpoche never gave up his devotion to Dorje Shugden no matter how much Tibetan government in exile pressured him to give up. He stayed loyal inspiring so many of us.
  • Very rare video of His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche the 10th, the all knowing and compassionate one. I pay deep respects to this attained being who has taken many rebirths since the time of Lord Buddha to be of benefit to sentient beings tirelessly. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 week ago
    Very rare video of His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche the 10th, the all knowing and compassionate one. I pay deep respects to this attained being who has taken many rebirths since the time of Lord Buddha to be of benefit to sentient beings tirelessly. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This bigfoot researcher gives good reasonings on bigfoot. Interesting short video.
    1 week ago
    This bigfoot researcher gives good reasonings on bigfoot. Interesting short video.
  • His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche of Gaden Shartse Monastery was one of the teachers of Venerable Geshe Kelsang Gyatso. Here in this beautiful video is Geshe Kelsang Gyatso showing his centre to Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, then proceeding to sit down to receive teachings. For more information- https://bit.ly/2QNac1u
    1 week ago
    His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche of Gaden Shartse Monastery was one of the teachers of Venerable Geshe Kelsang Gyatso. Here in this beautiful video is Geshe Kelsang Gyatso showing his centre to Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, then proceeding to sit down to receive teachings. For more information- https://bit.ly/2QNac1u
  • Tsem Rinpoche’s dog, Oser girl always sits on Rinpoche’s chair. When Rinpoche’s other dog, Dharma tries to get into the chair, he is chased away. Oser is the boss. She is possessive. Cute.
    2 weeks ago
    Tsem Rinpoche’s dog, Oser girl always sits on Rinpoche’s chair. When Rinpoche’s other dog, Dharma tries to get into the chair, he is chased away. Oser is the boss. She is possessive. Cute.
  • Lama Yeshe talks about how to practice at the beginning and at the end of each day during teachings given in London during the Lamas’ first European teaching tour in 1975. Lama Yeshe was a brilliant teacher and I wanted to share this with everyone so his teachings can reach more people. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 weeks ago
    Lama Yeshe talks about how to practice at the beginning and at the end of each day during teachings given in London during the Lamas’ first European teaching tour in 1975. Lama Yeshe was a brilliant teacher and I wanted to share this with everyone so his teachings can reach more people. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Our beautiful Dorje Shugden shop in the busiest part of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Many tourists visit our store and this area.
    3 weeks ago
    Our beautiful Dorje Shugden shop in the busiest part of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Many tourists visit our store and this area.
  • Living off the grid in Australia
    3 weeks ago
    Living off the grid in Australia
    A Jill Redwood is a jack of all trades, Jill built her own house on her property and lives entirely off the grid with no mains power or town water, mobile reception or television. Living on around $80 a week, Jill has over sixty animals to keep her company and an abundant garden that out serves as an organic supermarket right at her doorstep. Her main expenses are animal feed and the rates on her property. Watch this incredible three minute video and be inspired to live differently.
  • Kyabje Dagom Choktrul Rinpoche offering gold on a 350 year-old Dorje Shugden statue in his chapel in Lhasa. This is how Tibetans show homage and pay respect to a holy image. This chapel and statue of Dorje Shugden in Lhasa dedicated to Dorje Shugden was built by the Great 5th Dalai Lama. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 weeks ago
    Kyabje Dagom Choktrul Rinpoche offering gold on a 350 year-old Dorje Shugden statue in his chapel in Lhasa. This is how Tibetans show homage and pay respect to a holy image. This chapel and statue of Dorje Shugden in Lhasa dedicated to Dorje Shugden was built by the Great 5th Dalai Lama. Tsem Rinpoche
  • My sweet little Oser girl is so photogenic and adorable. Tsem Rinpoche
    4 weeks ago
    My sweet little Oser girl is so photogenic and adorable. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Heart Sutra sang by a monk for the modern crowd. Very interesting and beautiful. Tsem Rinpoche
    4 weeks ago
    Heart Sutra sang by a monk for the modern crowd. Very interesting and beautiful. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Submerging powerful mantra stones in water at Kechara Forest Retreat in Malaysia.
    4 weeks ago
    Submerging powerful mantra stones in water at Kechara Forest Retreat in Malaysia.
  • Wylfred explains in Chinese the benefits of mantra stones at Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia   |  黄明川以华语解释在马来西亚克切拉禅修林的玛尼堆(刻有心咒的石头)的利益
    4 weeks ago
    Wylfred explains in Chinese the benefits of mantra stones at Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia | 黄明川以华语解释在马来西亚克切拉禅修林的玛尼堆(刻有心咒的石头)的利益
  • My Oser girl and Dharma boy love the verandah where they can see the greens. Tsem Rinpoche
    4 weeks ago
    My Oser girl and Dharma boy love the verandah where they can see the greens. Tsem Rinpoche
  • If there were more schools like this, then our kids would grow up with more caring awareness and kind emotions towards our environment and the people around them. They would grow up knowing that chasing materialism is not going to bring any happiness. I hope very much more schools like this would materialise. I hope in my future life I can attend a school like this. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 month ago
    If there were more schools like this, then our kids would grow up with more caring awareness and kind emotions towards our environment and the people around them. They would grow up knowing that chasing materialism is not going to bring any happiness. I hope very much more schools like this would materialise. I hope in my future life I can attend a school like this. Tsem Rinpoche
  • My Oser girl and Dharma boy in their cosy little bedroom next to me sleeping away. Cute.
    1 month ago
    My Oser girl and Dharma boy in their cosy little bedroom next to me sleeping away. Cute.
  • It is incredible how smart Oser girl is. She can steal the treat away from Dharma boy and so casually. Wow. She is so smart. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    It is incredible how smart Oser girl is. She can steal the treat away from Dharma boy and so casually. Wow. She is so smart. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Kechara Forest Retreat Dogs. Dharma boy is tiny and trying to scare off big boy Johnny. Johnny is so patient and just ignores Dharma. They are both cute and both live in Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    Kechara Forest Retreat Dogs. Dharma boy is tiny and trying to scare off big boy Johnny. Johnny is so patient and just ignores Dharma. They are both cute and both live in Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia. Tsem Rinpoche
  • BREAKING EYEWITNESS FOOTAGE: Workers violently punched, kicked, cussed out, & left sheep to die on dozens of Scottish farms 💔 Sheep bled after rough shearing & were stitched up without painkillers.–From Peta2
    2 months ago
    BREAKING EYEWITNESS FOOTAGE: Workers violently punched, kicked, cussed out, & left sheep to die on dozens of Scottish farms 💔 Sheep bled after rough shearing & were stitched up without painkillers.–From Peta2
  • Super cute seal and so gentle. Must watch this video and realize we are all one. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    Super cute seal and so gentle. Must watch this video and realize we are all one. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Legendary Heart sings “Stairway to Heaven” in tribute to Led Zeppelin. Incredible tribute and rendition. Everyone is blown away. TR
    2 months ago
    Legendary Heart sings “Stairway to Heaven” in tribute to Led Zeppelin. Incredible tribute and rendition. Everyone is blown away. TR
  • In a low-income neighbourhood, this man is growing his own organic produce, and giving extras away for free to neighbours who can’t afford fresh ingredients from the store. Must watch!
    2 months ago
    In a low-income neighbourhood, this man is growing his own organic produce, and giving extras away for free to neighbours who can’t afford fresh ingredients from the store. Must watch!
  • Neat little video
    2 months ago
    Neat little video
  • It is nice to see sangha release animals into the wild. Gen Kunchok Palden and Chodrak contributed to releasing of frogs back into the wild. This is wonderful. Compassion is the mainstay of all spirituality. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    It is nice to see sangha release animals into the wild. Gen Kunchok Palden and Chodrak contributed to releasing of frogs back into the wild. This is wonderful. Compassion is the mainstay of all spirituality. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This is a special ‘carpet’ for dogs that you hide their snacks and they have to go digging for it. It is challenging and fun where they use their nose, paws and all to dig and find the snacks in between. This dog play carpet is ordered online. You can see little Zopa baby who is a Kechara resident doggie looking for the snacks in this cute video. She is kept busy and entertained! Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    This is a special ‘carpet’ for dogs that you hide their snacks and they have to go digging for it. It is challenging and fun where they use their nose, paws and all to dig and find the snacks in between. This dog play carpet is ordered online. You can see little Zopa baby who is a Kechara resident doggie looking for the snacks in this cute video. She is kept busy and entertained! Tsem Rinpoche
  • Kechara Forest Retreat in Bentong, Malaysia’s dog Pema is super adorable and cute. Everyone loves her. She is wearing a Manjushri blessing pendant.
    3 months ago
    Kechara Forest Retreat in Bentong, Malaysia’s dog Pema is super adorable and cute. Everyone loves her. She is wearing a Manjushri blessing pendant.
  • Spontaneous trance in Tibet by powerful healing Protector Dorje Shugden of a monk who usually takes trance.
    3 months ago
    Spontaneous trance in Tibet by powerful healing Protector Dorje Shugden of a monk who usually takes trance.
  • 喀切玛波向詹杜固仁波切献供养
    3 months ago
    喀切玛波向詹杜固仁波切献供养
    喀切玛波护法降神,向詹杜固仁波切献供曼扎及身语意之供养,同时也加持马来西亚克切拉禅修林道场。喀切玛波护法乃古时候的紫玛护法,他是藏地首座佛教寺院桑耶寺的护法神
  • This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    1 years ago
    This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    This video is thought-provoking and very interesting. Watch! Thanks so much to our friends at LIVEKINDLY.
  • Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
    1 years ago
    Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
  • BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
    1 years ago
    BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
  • Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
    1 years ago
    Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
  • Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
    1 years ago
    Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
  • Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 years ago
    Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    1 years ago
    This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    she received “one last visit from an old friend” 💔💔
  • Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
    1 years ago
    Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
  • Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
    1 years ago
    Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
  • Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant  Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
    1 years ago
    Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
  • Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
    1 years ago
    Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
  • Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 years ago
    Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
  • What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    1 years ago
    What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    Sick animals are more profitable... farms calculate how close to death they can keep animals without killing them. That's the business model. How quickly they can be made to grow, how tightly they can be packed, how much or how little can they eat, how sick they can get without dying... We live in a world in which it's conventional to treat an animal like a block of wood. ~ Jonathan Safran Foer
  • This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
    1 years ago
    This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
  • SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    1 years ago
    SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    This happens daily in slaughterhouse so you can get your pork and Bak ku teh. Stop eating meat.

ASK A PASTOR


Ask the Pastors

A section for you to clarify your Dharma questions with Kechara’s esteemed pastors.

Just post your name and your question below and one of our pastors will provide you with an answer.

Scroll down and click on "View All Questions" to view archived questions.

View All Questions

CHAT PICTURES

Thanks, Astro team for volunteering with us. They delivered monthly provisions to urban poor families. Join us if you’re interested by dropping us a WhatsApp message at 010-3333260. ❤️ #Kechara #foodbank #urbanpoor - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
6 hours ago
Thanks, Astro team for volunteering with us. They delivered monthly provisions to urban poor families. Join us if you’re interested by dropping us a WhatsApp message at 010-3333260. ❤️ #Kechara #foodbank #urbanpoor - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
This is the first time Mr Raymond Chew attend our Chinese DS puja in Ipoh. Yee Mun (KISG)
yesterday
This is the first time Mr Raymond Chew attend our Chinese DS puja in Ipoh. Yee Mun (KISG)
Nice to see people committed to attend our monthly Chinese Dorje Shugden puja. Yee Mun (KISG)
yesterday
Nice to see people committed to attend our monthly Chinese Dorje Shugden puja. Yee Mun (KISG)
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Registration counter getting ready to register for parents attending the event. Lin Mun KSDS
2 days ago
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Registration counter getting ready to register for parents attending the event. Lin Mun KSDS
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Nice arrangement from Louise. Glad that we collaborate with gift team for KSDS event. Lin Mun KSDS
2 days ago
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Nice arrangement from Louise. Glad that we collaborate with gift team for KSDS event. Lin Mun KSDS
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Long time no see and it’s great time to catch up. Lin Mun KSDS
2 days ago
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Long time no see and it’s great time to catch up. Lin Mun KSDS
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Great technical team who gave us nice music and slide show. Lin Mun KSDS
2 days ago
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Great technical team who gave us nice music and slide show. Lin Mun KSDS
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Teacher Asyley having a light moment with children before performance. Lin Mun KSDS
2 days ago
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Teacher Asyley having a light moment with children before performance. Lin Mun KSDS
So glad to see family members involve in dharma work together. Lin Mun KSDS
2 days ago
So glad to see family members involve in dharma work together. Lin Mun KSDS
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Let’s go team, together we will do a great show :) , Lin Mun KSDS
2 days ago
Throwback KSDS Graduation 2018 - Let’s go team, together we will do a great show :) , Lin Mun KSDS
Mr. Cheah Fook Wan offered lights to Lama Tsongkhapa & all Buddhas before the prayer session started. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
3 days ago
Mr. Cheah Fook Wan offered lights to Lama Tsongkhapa & all Buddhas before the prayer session started. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
Glian Sim has offered a cup of tea to Rinpoche’s shrine on behalf of KISG. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
3 days ago
Glian Sim has offered a cup of tea to Rinpoche’s shrine on behalf of KISG. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
KISG has completed a session of prayer recitations to Mother Tara in Ipoh today. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
3 days ago
KISG has completed a session of prayer recitations to Mother Tara in Ipoh today. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
Wow! JB Kechara office is receiving 5 desktop computers from our sponsors. Now the urban poor children can learn to use computers. Now the passionate volunteers can burn the mid night oil in the office planning, coordinating and review events. Thanks to our sponsors, Style Vision, Meadow IT, KS IT, Grex Multimedia, New Century, Ascentouch, Softcom, E cube, Via Global, Edmond, Nelly, Jasmine, Bill Kee, DML Beauty, Goh and Team for providing us with such an awesome convenience and cool facilities. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
3 days ago
Wow! JB Kechara office is receiving 5 desktop computers from our sponsors. Now the urban poor children can learn to use computers. Now the passionate volunteers can burn the mid night oil in the office planning, coordinating and review events. Thanks to our sponsors, Style Vision, Meadow IT, KS IT, Grex Multimedia, New Century, Ascentouch, Softcom, E cube, Via Global, Edmond, Nelly, Jasmine, Bill Kee, DML Beauty, Goh and Team for providing us with such an awesome convenience and cool facilities. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
4 days ago
1984 Los Angeles- Left to right: Geshe Tsultrim Gyeltsen, His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, monk assistant to Zong Rinpoche and the 18 year old Tsem Rinpoche prior to ordination.
7 days ago
1984 Los Angeles- Left to right: Geshe Tsultrim Gyeltsen, His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, monk assistant to Zong Rinpoche and the 18 year old Tsem Rinpoche prior to ordination.
Very nice class going on in Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia. Learning Dharma is the key to overcoming our mind that is unsettled. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
Very nice class going on in Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia. Learning Dharma is the key to overcoming our mind that is unsettled. Tsem Rinpoche
Tsem Rinpoche holding the young incarnation of Zong Rinpoche in Gaden Shartse Monastery.
1 week ago
Tsem Rinpoche holding the young incarnation of Zong Rinpoche in Gaden Shartse Monastery.
Left to right: 103rd Gaden Tripa Lobsang Tenzin, Gaden Shartse Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche.
1 week ago
Left to right: 103rd Gaden Tripa Lobsang Tenzin, Gaden Shartse Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche.
In Gaden Monastery. Left to right: Tenzin Trinley Rinpoche, Kari Kentrul Rinpoche, Zong Rinpoche, Tsem Rinpoche, Gyalkhangtse Rinpoche, Kating Rinpoche and Genpa Rinpoche. Extreme right is the senior Dorje Shugden oracle of Gaden Monastery, Choyang Dulzin Kuten.
1 week ago
In Gaden Monastery. Left to right: Tenzin Trinley Rinpoche, Kari Kentrul Rinpoche, Zong Rinpoche, Tsem Rinpoche, Gyalkhangtse Rinpoche, Kating Rinpoche and Genpa Rinpoche. Extreme right is the senior Dorje Shugden oracle of Gaden Monastery, Choyang Dulzin Kuten.
Tsem Rinpoche with the Abbots of Gaden Jangtse Monastery and Gaden Shartse Monastery escorting a photo of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. This is in the main prayer hall of Gaden Monastery.
1 week ago
Tsem Rinpoche with the Abbots of Gaden Jangtse Monastery and Gaden Shartse Monastery escorting a photo of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. This is in the main prayer hall of Gaden Monastery.
Tsem Rinpoche in Gaden Monastery.
1 week ago
Tsem Rinpoche in Gaden Monastery.
Tsem Rinpoche's father Mr. Lobsang Gyatso and Rinpoche. He came to Gaden Monastery to visit Rinpoche. While he was alive he lived in Taiwan.
1 week ago
Tsem Rinpoche's father Mr. Lobsang Gyatso and Rinpoche. He came to Gaden Monastery to visit Rinpoche. While he was alive he lived in Taiwan.
Tsem Rinpoche's father with His Holiness the Dalai Lama. The little girl is Rinpoche's brother's daughter. Her name is Tara.
1 week ago
Tsem Rinpoche's father with His Holiness the Dalai Lama. The little girl is Rinpoche's brother's daughter. Her name is Tara.
1 week ago
The Promise
  These books will change your life
  Tsem Rinpoche's Long Life Prayer by H.H. Trijang Choktrul Rinpoche
  Support Blog Team
Lamps For Life
  Robe Offerings
  Vajrayogini Stupa Fund
  White Tara Mantra Bank Project
  Rinpoche's Medical Fund
  Dana Offerings
  Soup Kitchen Project
 
Zong Rinpoche

Recent Comments

Archives

YOUR FEEDBACK

Live Visitors Counter
Page Views By Country
Malaysia 3,679,874
United States 2,676,684
India 1,257,214
Singapore 649,952
Nepal 629,513
United Kingdom 512,639
Bhutan 471,477
Canada 463,160
Australia 406,320
Philippines 270,130
Indonesia 182,179
Germany 137,340
Mongolia 123,119
Portugal 119,390
Thailand 108,128
France 107,676
Taiwan 105,681
Brazil 99,133
Italy 94,699
Spain 90,369
Netherlands 84,340
Hong Kong 65,753
Sri Lanka 65,731
South Africa 65,253
Vietnam 64,930
New Zealand 63,432
Romania 63,089
Switzerland 58,656
Myanmar (Burma) 49,510
Mexico 47,546
United Arab Emirates 45,742
Japan 43,156
Russia 42,156
Egypt 40,719
Ireland 39,742
Cambodia 39,618
Bangladesh 37,692
Sweden 37,371
Turkey 34,126
Total Pageviews: 14,079,456

Login

Dorje Shugden
Click to watch my talk about Dorje Shugden....