Baba and Nyonya

Feb 13, 2017 | Views: 889

babanyonya001a

Background

The Baba Nyonya, also known as Peranakan or Straits-Chinese, are the descendants of Chinese immigrants who married and assimilated into local communities in Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries. The number of Chinese migrants increased when the tin mines in Kesang, Johor, opened and started operating. With Malacca as its centre, the Baba Nyonya culture has grown and developed into a rich identity of its own. The Baba Nyonya community is different from the ethnic Chinese communities, but they still consider themselves as Chinese.

“Baba” is an honorific term used for Straits-Chinese men, while “Nyonya” is used for the women. Most of them have lived along the Straits of Malacca for generations, and were mostly English-educated. Due to their background, they could speak two or more languages, and often acted as middlemen for the Chinese and British, and for the Malay and Chinese.

 

An origin myth of the Baba Nyonya

One of the myths or stories about the origins of the Baba Nyonyas can be found at the Humanity blog. In short, the myth claims that Zheng He of China visited Malacca in the 15th century and gifted Sultan Mansur Shah, then Sultan of Malacca, with Princess Hang Li Po.

Her entourage made a home for themselves in Bukit Cina and laid down the roots for the development of the Baba Nyonya culture.

The Peranakan retained most of their ethnic and religious origins (ancestor worship), but assimilated the language and culture of the Malays. They developed a unique culture and distinct foods. A lot of sources claim that the early Peranakan inter-married with the local Malay population. However, the lack of physical resemblances have also led many experts to believe that the Peranakan Chinese ethnicity has hardly [been] diluted. The Peranakan often sent their sons and daughters to China to look for spouses. Also, the religion of the local Malay population was Islam, which forbids inter-marriage with other religions without conversion first. In the early 1800s, new Chinese immigrants to the Straits Settlements bolstered the Peranakan population.

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

By the middle of the Twentieth century, most Peranakan were English educated, as a result of the British colonisation of Malaya, and the natural propensity of these people who were able to easily embrace new cultures. Because the Peranakans readily embraced English culture and education, administrative and civil service posts were often filled by prominent Straits Chinese. The interaction with the British also caused many in the community to convert to Christianity. The Peranakan community thereby became very influential in Malacca and Singapore and were known also as the King’s Chinese due to their perceived loyalty to the British Crown. Because of the interaction of the different cultures and languages that Peranakans had, up to the mid-1900s, most Peranakans were trilingual, able to converse with Chinese, Malays and the British. Common vocations were as merchants, traders, and general intermediaries between China, Malaya and the West; the latter was especially valued by the British, since the Babas also enjoyed good relations with the Malay community and served as advisors to the royal Malay courts. In fact the term “Baba” is an honorific term in Malay; probably derived from Hindi/Sanskrit [Baba: literally means grandfather or father, and is used as a term of reverence and affection for an elderly gentleman.]

http://geographyhumanity.blogspot.my/2010/04/story-of-baba-baba-nyonya.html

 

Culture

babanyonya001

Baba Nyonya is the result of a marriage between a female Malay and a male Chinese. It was common for Chinese traders in the early days to marry Malay women from Peninsular Malaysia or take them as concubines. As a result, the Baba Nyonya boast a unique mix of Malay cultural characteristics. Peranakans of those days are married through arranged marriages with other Peranakan. Marriage in the olden days was not as easy and simple as it is now; marriage of same stature and within the same society were the standard during that time.

The Baba Nyonya community has various unique customs and traditions, especially when it comes to weddings. Marriage proposals are put into a 2-tiered lacquered basket, known as Bakul Siah, and placed into the hands of the bride’s parents by the middle-person who speaks on behalf of the proposer. Sometimes, instead of Bakul Siah, wealthy Peranakans would use beautifully embroidered gilded pagoda trays (Botekan Candi in Indonesian).

Bakul Siah and Gilded Pagoda Trays (or Botekan Candi in Indonesian)

Bakul Siah and Gilded Pagoda Trays (or Botekan Candi in Indonesian)

Wedding invitations were done in red because the colour red represents happiness and harmony. The invitation cards are typically sent by a dispatcher known as “Pak Chindek”, who usually takes about six days to deliver all of them.

Their wedding ceremony is predominantly based on Chinese traditions and is one of the most fascinating and colourful wedding ceremonies in Malaysia. The highlight of the wedding would be the 12-day ceremony and banquet, called “makan tok panjang” which literally means long table feast.

Dondang Sayang

Dondang Sayang

In the Chinese culture, it’s very important to hold the wedding ceremony on auspicious days and at particular times. The same holds true for the Baba Nyonyas. The auspicious days will be chosen according to the eight Chinese characters, which the Hokkiens call “pek ji”, based on one’s birth date and time. During this time, taboos are carefully and strictly observed. The marriages were mostly match-made, and the decision is made by the parents and/or elders, though the bride and groom are consulted during the process. The wedding rituals are witnessed by their ancestors, elders, and deities. Wedding items usually feature the prosperous colours of red, pink, orange, gold, and yellow, and are embroidered with unique motifs to establish a good marriage. Like the Chinese, they believe that it’s auspicious to have things that come in pairs, which is why there is usually two of each wedding item.

 

Food

Some popular Nyonya dishes

Some popular Nyonya dishes

The Baba Nyonya culture is the result of the acculturation development, which occurs when a culture accepts and assimilates foreign customs and elements. The similarities between the Baba Nyonya and Malay cultures can be seen in food and clothing. Many Nyonya dishes are similar to Malay cooking, like, “bubur cha cha”, “nasi kerabu”, “sambal”, and “embuk-embuk”.

Influenced by the Malay culture, the Nyonya cuisine uses the same common Malay spices. An example of a Nyonya dish is Chicken Kapitan, which is a dry chicken curry. Nyonya Laksa is a highly popular dish in Malaysia, and can be found in Malacca as well as Singapore. Pongteh is also another unique dish of the Baba Nyonya community. The primary ingredients of this savoury dish are shallots, fermented bean sauce, chicken, and black mushroom.

As for dessert, there are some very famous traditional Nyonya cakes (kueh) like Kueh Kochi, Lepat Kacang, Apom Balik, Kueh Bongkong, Pulot Inti, Ondeh-Ondeh, Kueh Genggang, and more. These traditional cakes are also made during festivals and celebrations.

 

Nyonya restaurants in Malacca:

1. Nancy’s Kitchen

Nancy’s Kitchen

Nancy’s Kitchen

Opening Hours: Monday – Sunday 11:00 – 17:30

Address: Jalan Hang Lekir off Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock, Malacca

Phone: +606 283 6099

 
2. Kocik Kitchen

Kocik Kitchen

Kocik Kitchen

Opening Hours: Monday – Sunday 11:00 – 15:00

Address: 100, Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock, Malacca

Tel: +6016 929 6605

 
3. Seri Nyonya Peranakan Restaurant

Seri Nyonya Peranakan Restaurant

Seri Nyonya Peranakan Restaurant

Opening Hours: Monday – Sunday 12:00 – 14:30, 18:30 – 22:30

Address: Hotel Equatorial Malacca, Banda Hilir, Malacca

Tel: +606 282 8333

 
4. Restoran Peranakan

Restoran Peranakan

Restoran Peranakan

Opening Hours: Monday – Sunday 12:00 – 14:30, 18:30 – 22:00

Address: 107, Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock, Malacca

Tel: +606 284 5001

 
5. Amy Heritage Nyonya Cuisine

Amy Heritage Nyonya Cuisine

Amy Heritage Nyonya Cuisine

Opening Hours: Tuesday – Sunday 11:30 – 14:30, 18:00 – 22:00

Address: 75, Jalan Melaka Raya, Taman Melaka Raya, Malacca

Tel: +606 286 8819

 

Language

The Baba Nyonyas speak Baba Malay, which is a creole language that contains words from the Malay and Hokkien languages. Due to their ability to quickly adapt to local cultures, most of the Baba Nyonyas can speak two or more languages and dialects, like Baba Malay, English, and Chinese.

Today, the Baba Malay creole is a dying language that is mostly used by the older generation. Many of the younger generation do not know how to speak it anymore and often use English or Chinese as their primary language.

 

Clothing

babanyonya004a

The traditional clothing of a Nyonya are the Baju Panjang (Long Dress) and Baju Kebaya. The Baju Panjang is usually worn by the older Nyonyas while the younger Nyonyas prefer the shorter and more colourful Kebaya. It’s worn with a Sarong (Batik wrap-around skirt) and 3 kerosang (brooches). Their beaded slippers, called the Kasot Manek-Manek, are skillfully and patiently made by hand and can feature tiny multi-faceted glass-cut beads (Manek Potong) from Bohemia.

The traditional Kasot Manek-Manek mostly floral and oriental themed, influenced by the batik sarong and Peranakan porcelain. Mostly, they were made into flats or bedroom slippers, but, since the 1930s, heels were gradually added to the footwear.

BabaNyonya005

 
Baju panjang

Sharing similarities with the Malay Kebaya, the Kebaya Nyonya is traditionally made of “kasa rubia” fabric (a sheer cotton-like fabric) or printed cotton. Kebayas made from “kasa rubia” are embroidered with intricate flora and fauna designs with “kerawang” borders (floral scalloped borders). Traditional Kebayas also comes “tebok lobang” a line a tiny holes running on each side of the kebaya, from the shoulders to the hem to accentuate the wearer’s feminine form. As the Kebaya is sheer and almost transparent, a camisole or “baju dalam” is worn underneath for decency. Bejewelled “kerosang” are used to fasten the front opening of the Kebaya.

The Baju Panjang is similar to the Malay’s Baju Kurung but has an opening in front similar to the Kebaya. A set of “kerosang” is used as fastening. As the Baju Panjang is typically worn by the older Nyonyas, the colours and patterns of the fabric used are muted. The length of the Baju Panjang’s outer coat reaches the knees, unlike the Kebaya that stops at mid-hips. The inner wear is a white long sleeved blouse with a high collar.

 
Sarong

A sarong is a long length of cotton fabric that’s often wrapped around the waist. It’s mainly worn by men and women in South East Asian countries like Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei. The fabric woven with checkered patterns or plaid are favoured by the men, while the ladies prefer floral designs. Nyonyas prefer their sarongs adorned with delicate floral designs such as the peonies, roses, morning glories and chrysanthemums. It is not unusual to see sarongs with phoenix and peacocks designs.

 
Kerosang

A kerosang is often made out of metal, such as silver and gold, and decorated with gemstones. It can be used as an ornament, but, most of the time, it’s used to secure the position of clothing, such as the baju panjang.

 

Religion

babanyonya010

The Baba Nyonyas have adapted to Chinese belief systems, such as Chinese Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism, as well as Christianity. Just like the Chinese, they, too, observe the Lunar New Year, the Lantern Festival, and many other Chinese celebrations. Their culture is also strongly influenced by the British, Dutch, Portuguese, Malay, and Indonesian.

Just like any other culture, Baba Nyonyas strongly believe in the observation of pantang larang (taboos), especially within the older generations. There are some pantang larang that were deemed too stiff and complicated. Today, in keeping up with the modern times, most of the Baba Nyonyas no longer practise these pantang larang.

The Baba Nyonyas also believe in shamans (a practitioner of magic). For example, when a baby cries non-stop, they will seek help from shamans as they believe that an evil spirit is at work. Another taboo involves forbidding pregnant women from leaving their house at dusk as they believe that this is when demons and evil spirits are active. It is also said that the blood of a pregnant woman attracts Pontianaks (women who died during childbirth and turned into spirits). When a pregnant woman has to travel, they will always bring items that are made of metal, like a knife, as they believe that metal scares the evil spirits away.

 

Museum

Cultural and historical items from the Baba Nyonya culture are displayed at the Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum, the Straits Chinese Jewellery Museum, and other historical establishments found in the neighbourhood of Jonker Street and Heeren Street in Malacca. Other notable Peranakan places of interest are: the Pinang Peranakan Mansion in Penang, Malaysia; and the Peranakan Museum, Baba House, and the Intan Museum in Singapore. Exhibits include food, furniture, and even traditional clothes.

Free weekly shows featuring Baba Nyonya and traditional Chinese cultural performances can also be found at Jonker Street in Malacca. Other Peranakan traditional collections, such as batik and bead-works, can also be found in museums outside of South East Asia. The Honolulu Museum of Art and Australian Museum are known to exhibit such collections.

 
1. Pinang Peranakan Mansion

Pinang Peranakan Mansion

Pinang Peranakan Mansion

Address: 29, Church St, Georgetown, 10200 George Town, Penang, Malaysia

Phone: +60 4-264 2929

Monday to Sunday including Public Holidays from 9:30 am to 5 pm

Adults: RM20.00; Children(below 6): Free

Email: rmhbaba@streamyx.com

 
2. Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum

Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum

Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum

Address: 48-50, Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock, 75200 Melaka, Malaysia

Phone: +60 6-283 1273

Daily Tour Times: 10am – 1:00pm (last morning tour 12noon); 2pm – 5:00pm (last evening tour 4pm)

Extended Hour on Weekends: Fri, Sat, Sun (last evening tour 5:00pm)

Adults: RM 8; Children (aged 5 to 12): RM 4

Email: admin@babanyonyamuseum.com

 
3. Straits Chinese Jewellery Museum

Straits Chinese Jewellery Museum

Straits Chinese Jewellery Museum

Address: Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka, Malaysia

Phone: +60 4-2642929

Opening Days: 7 days a week, 9.30am-5.30pm

Adults: RM20/person; Children: RM10 (below 6 year-old: Free)

 

Filmography

Films that featured the Baba Nyonya culture

Films that featured the Baba Nyonya culture

In the 1950s, the Baba Nyonya culture was featured in several Hong Kong films, such as: Niangre/ Nyonya (娘惹,1952), Fengyu Niuche Shui/ Rainstorm in China town (风雨牛车水,1956), Niangre yu Baba/ Nyonya and Baba (娘惹与峇峇,1956), and Niangre Zhi lian/ Love with a Malaysian Girl (娘惹之恋,1969).

In Malaysia, the popularity of the comedy drama show entitled “Baba Nyonya” turned it into the longest-running TV series in the country. The TV show ran from the late 1990s till 2000, with 509 episodes in total, and earned a place in the Malaysian Book of Records.

"Baba Nyonya" TV series

“Baba Nyonya” TV series

 

Architecture

The Baba Nyonyas have a very unique style of architecture that brings together Western and Eastern components, like elaborated plaster works and ceramic artwork. They are particularly renowned for their unique colonial bungalows. In most of the houses, you’ll notice a distinctive infusion of artworks from both the Malay and Chinese cultures, which is definitely the only one of its kind.

Click on image to enlarge

Click on image to enlarge

The architectural styles of Baba-Nyonya properties in Malaysia are usually associated with the Straits Eclectic Style. The Straits Eclectic Shophouses started appearing in the mid to late 20th century (1940 – 1990). In the early 20th century, shophouses in the Straits Settlements began to incorporate full-length French windows with a pair of full-length timber shutters, an arched or rectangular transom over the window opening, pilasters of classical orders, and plaster renderings. Reinforced concrete was later used to allow wider roof overhangs and more elaborate cantilevered brackets which sprung from above the pilasters.

 

Shophouses

A shophouse, or row house, has two or more storeys. The first floor is usually used for commercial purposes, such as warehouses or sundry shops, and the second floor served as living quarters. The shophouse is not a standalone building. Like terrace houses, it is one of the several separate units that share dividing walls. One building can be made up of any number of shophouses.

babanyonya016

The shophouse is easily found in the urban areas of Malaysia. Some people may prefer to live in these houses with no intent of opening a business. The building itself will have a huge entrance with a timber bar locked into the door head, and louvred panel windows. A 5-foot way (kaki lima), or a walkway with veranda, is one of the unique features of this particular house. This covered 5-foot walkway commonly features an arched opening that joins one house with the rest of the street front. This standout feature has become an instantly recognisable characteristic of a Baba Nyonya house.

 
Sources:

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peranakan
  • http://redfame.com/journal/index.php/ijsss/article/viewFile/651/592
  • https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/峇峇娘惹
  • http://geographyhumanity.blogspot.my/2010/04/story-of-baba-baba-nyonya.html

 
For more interesting information:

 

Tags: , , ,

Please support us so that we can continue to bring you more Dharma:

If you are in the United States, please note that your offerings and contributions are tax deductible. ~ the tsemrinpoche.com blog team

11 Responses to Baba and Nyonya

DISCLAIMER IN RELATION TO COMMENTS OR POSTS GIVEN BY THIRD PARTIES BELOW

Kindly note that the comments or posts given by third parties in the comment section below do not represent the views of the owner and/or host of this Blog, save for responses specifically given by the owner and/or host. All other comments or posts or any other opinions, discussions or views given below under the comment section do not represent our views and should not be regarded as such. We reserve the right to remove any comments/views which we may find offensive but due to the volume of such comments, the non removal and/or non detection of any such comments/views does not mean that we condone the same.

We do hope that the participants of any comments, posts, opinions, discussions or views below will act responsibly and do not engage nor make any statements which are defamatory in nature or which may incite and contempt or ridicule of any party, individual or their beliefs or to contravene any laws.

  1. Stella Cheang on Mar 16, 2017 at 4:38 pm

    The Baba Nyonya culture, food, and architecture have been renowned for being rich and colorful. It is unique because it blends specialties of the Chinese and Malay culture into one and cannot be found anywhere else except mainly in Malacca and perhaps Singapore. It is a clear sign how the racial and cultural difference was not an issue among the multiracial residence of the Malaya. Acceptance and integration were widely practiced, and as a result, we have a distinctively beautiful culture to add to our heritage. Thank you for this article.

  2. wan wai meng on Mar 2, 2017 at 1:50 am

    The Peranakan Culture has certainly contributed to the richness of the Malaysian culture and is a unique legacy within Malaysian Society. It is an indication of the pragmatic nature of the Chinese people, that once they knew that most of them won’t be returning to China, they adapted other cultures and created a new one.

    Also I must say that Malay people, are equally kind to accept Chinese who came from China, and intermarried with the Chinese, there was some form of integration of the Chinese from mainland China with the local Malays at that time. I am glad that both the Malay people and the Chinese people of a bygone era contributed to a new subculture.

    I was also surprised that movies had been on the Peranakan people, it was before my time. I also recall there was a theatrical play called ‘Emily of Emerald Hill’ and it is a monologue, over the past 15 years or so, it has garnered tremendous appreciation and critical acclaimed for all the time it has been playing in theatres. Played by 7 women and even a man, the play revolves a charming Peranakan woman, Emily Gan, who evolves from frightened young bride to a strong-willed matriarch.

  3. Echeah on Feb 19, 2017 at 11:20 pm

    That is such a beautiful culture, so very Malaysian. It is strange but nice to hear two Chinese people conversing with each other in Bahasa Malaysia, but that is quite normal Baba style.

    Their traditional clothing, architecture and furnishing are really colourful and ornate and their cuisine is to die for! Definitely one of my favourite foods. This is Malaysia’s best kept secret, fortunately or unfortunately. I wish Malaysia’s Baba culture and cuisine could be marketed worldwide and become well-known.

  4. Pastor Lim Han Nee on Feb 19, 2017 at 3:25 pm

    The Baba Nyonya, also known as Peranakan or Straits-Chinese, are the descendants of Chinese immigrants who married and assimilated into local communities in Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries. This unique group of Malaysians have seamlessly assimilated the cultures of the Chinese and the local Malays particularly into their elaborately embroidered attire and very meticulously and elaborately prepared and delicious cuisine. To me this is the most wondrous feature of the Nonya and Baba culture here.

    The Baba Nonya community has also developed various unique customs and traditions pertaining to weddings. Take for exmple the Marriage Proprosal .Marriage proposals are put into a 2-tiered lacquered basket, known as Bakul Siah, and placed into the hands of the bride’s parents by the middle-person who speaks on behalf of the proposer. Sometimes, instead of Bakul Siah, wealthy Peranakans would use beautifully embroidered gilded pagoda trays. Beautiful! Indeed, just on the occasion of a wedding alone there is an array of very elaborate and interesting cultural practices so unique to this group of people!

    The Nonya Baba people have also evolved a special dialect for communication, which has incorporated words from the Chinese Hokkien dialect and the Malay Language. It will be sad if this unique culture were lost to posterity .

  5. Fong on Feb 18, 2017 at 1:15 pm

    Thank you for sharing this beautiful culture with the world. The culture and traditions were slowly dying off but in recent times have seen a revival. It is good to see all these beautiful pictures of a grand culture. There have been very many books written of the Peranakans tracing their history from centuries ago from the Peranakans of Singapore to Malacca and Penang. All these are related to the Peranakans of Indonesia and Thailand specifically Phuket.

    Thank you again for this article bringing interest to the traditions and cultures of the Peranakan.

  6. Lucy Yap on Feb 16, 2017 at 12:19 pm

    There are still many people in Malaysia did not truly understand about the Baba Nyonya culture.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this beautiful information on the rich,colourful, unique and special heritage.
    May this beautiful culture be preserved and practiced by the younger generation and remain with us for a long time.

    Thank you Rinpoche.

  7. Pastor Shin on Feb 16, 2017 at 4:32 am

    Growing up in the melting pot of Malaysia, most of us would have experienced and shared another ethnic group’s culture to a certain extent. For many, we would be familiar with the variety of nyonya kuih, and perhaps had great moments watching Bibik Kim Neo on national TV in the 1990s. For those growing up in Penang, the distinctive taste of taste of Jeu Hoo Char (a finely shredded mixture of stir-fried carrots, onions, mushrooms, pork and cuttlefish), Nasi Kunyit, and Asam Laksa can’t be found anywhere else in the world.

    Thank you for this article featuring the unique culture of the Baba Nyonyas who adopted Malay customs and social practices while retaining Chinese traditions and religious beliefs, and also listing where we can experience what I think is one of the most significant legacy, Nyonya cuisine, as well as the museums. The older generation of Baba-Nyonya community had a very rich and unique culture, as well as refined and colourful characteristics. I highly recommend visits to the museums to see for yourself the architecure, clothing, things they own and use in their home to experience and get to know this unique culture.

  8. Joy Kam on Feb 16, 2017 at 1:18 am

    My mum was a Peranakan or best known as the Baba Nyonya ethnic mentioned here. Their customs is a fusion of the Malay and the Chinese customs which created many unique styles and fashion, they even spoke in Malay mixed with Hokkien and English, so it was in their own unique style. Only another peranakan would understand them. They spoke so fast like a bullet train, it was extremely hard to catch on and they were many slangs which we did not understand. All me and my sister knew was when my mother was really is pissy mood, she would start talking in Malay, and that’s when you know, you don’t want to mess with her.

    I guess the most unforgettable creations are their beautiful hand embroidery clothes and beaded shoes and of course let’s not forgetsome very unique and delicious food! Their cuisine is a dying art and I wish I had take the interest to learn from my mum and aunts when they were around. I was way too young then to cook and did not appreciate spicy food. All I know is to make any authentic Nyonya food, it take a whole day, sometimes some preparations starts as early as a day before because EVERYTHING literally must be made from scratch, that’s their secret and that is why they taste so extra special and delicious. No other Malaysian food can beat the Peranakan cuisine ursting with taste cooked in very refined style. Everything must be so precise, chopped up in specific ways, they would say ‘halus’ or finely cut/chopped.

    This is indeed a very interesting culture which I myself find quite amazing. This ethnic group is slowly disappearing as many of them marries other ethnics, so I’m not surprise one day this ethnic group will be gone, and along with it, their unique customs and style, unless it is well preserved now. Thank you for sharing it here, at least now some information about the Peranakan will be saved/preserved through this blog. Rinpoche’s blog is becoming more and more diverse and serves as an information hub! Thank you Rinpoche.

  9. Lin Mun on Feb 15, 2017 at 9:59 pm

    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this information about Baba and Nyonya. It is very interesting to learn about this cultural. I was born in Malacca and therefore have friends who are baba and nyonya. They speak fluent Malays but in other slang.

    I love they food especially the various nyonya kuihs. We in Malaysia are so fortunate to be able to experience and know so many people of different races and cultures.

  10. Anne Ong on Feb 15, 2017 at 8:30 pm

    Thank you Rinpoche for this beautiful write up on Baba and Nyoya culture. I find it very interesting because of the mixed marriage culture in the early days. And the delicious nyoya food and delicacies which my family also loves to cook. My beloved Grandma and Mum cooks wonderful nyonya food. And my uncle used to make and sell Nyoya kuih. Me and my sis Vivian used to help with his kuih business. Really miss his best nyoya kuih like ang ku,rempah udang,kuih kochi and so on. Mum loves to make Acar Awak and also made for Chinese New Year.

  11. Samfoonheei on Feb 15, 2017 at 5:47 pm

    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing such a beautiful and informative article.It will help many to understand better of the history of Baba-Nyonya .The Baba Nyonyas have a very unique style of architecture that brings together Western and Eastern components,The community it self is also unique and rich in customs and traditions,There is so much to see and know of the varies location of places of interests.example.. Heritage Museum Straits Chinese Jewellery Museum both in Malacca and Pinang Peranakan Mansion in Penang.
    The traditional clothing of the Baba Nyonya includes the Baju Kurung is just as beautiful as our Chinese traditional Cheongsum which i love wearing it.

Leave a Reply

Maximum file size: 15MB each
Allowed file types: jpg, jpeg, gif, png

 

Maximum file size: 50MB
Allowed file type: mp4
Maximum file size: 15MB each
Allowed file types: pdf, docx

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Blog Chat

BLOG CHAT

Dear blog friends,

I’ve created this section for all of you to share your opinions, thoughts and feelings about whatever interests you.

Everyone has a different perspective, so this section is for you.

Tsem Rinpoche


SCHEDULED CHAT SESSIONS / 中文聊天室时间表

THURSDAY
10 - 11PM (GMT +8)
5 - 6AM (PST)
(除了每个月的第一个星期五)
SATURDAY
11AM - 12PM (GMT +8)
FRIDAY 7 - 8PM (PST)

UPCOMING TOPICS FOR FEB / 二月份讨论主题

Please come and join in the chat for a fun time and support. See you all there.


Blog Chat Etiquette

These are some simple guidelines to make the blog chat room a positive, enjoyable and enlightening experience for everyone. Please note that as this is a chat room, we chat! Do not flood the chat room, or post without interacting with others.

EXPAND
Be friendly

Remember that these are real people you are chatting with. They may have different opinions to you and come from different cultures. Treat them as you would face to face, and respect their opinions, and they will treat you the same.

Be Patient

Give the room a chance to answer you. Patience is a virtue. And if after awhile, people don't respond, perhaps they don't know the answer or they did not see your question. Do ask again or address someone directly. Do not be offended if people do not or are unable to respond to you.

Be Relevant

This is the blog of H.E. Tsem Rinpoche. Please respect this space. We request that all participants here are respectful of H.E. Tsem Rinpoche and his organisation, Kechara.

Be polite

Avoid the use of language or attitudes which may be offensive to others. If someone is disrespectful to you, ignore them instead of arguing with them.

Please be advised that anyone who contravenes these guidelines may be banned from the chatroom. Banning is at the complete discretion of the administrator of this blog. Should anyone wish to make an appeal or complaint about the behaviour of someone in the chatroom, please copy paste the relevant chat in an email to us at care@kechara.com and state the date and time of the respective conversation.

Please let this be a conducive space for discussions, both light and profound.

KECHARA FOREST RETREAT PROGRESS UPDATES

Here is the latest news and pictorial updates, as it happens, of our upcoming forest retreat project.

The Kechara Forest Retreat is a unique holistic retreat centre focused on the total wellness of body, mind and spirit. This is a place where families and individuals will find peace, nourishment and inspiration in a natural forest environment. At Kechara Forest Retreat, we are committed to give back to society through instilling the next generation with universal positive values such as kindness and compassion.

For more information, please read here (english), here (chinese), or the official site: retreat.kechara.com.

Noticeboard

Name: Email:
For:  
Mail will not be published
  • Chris
    Tuesday, Feb 19. 2019 06:40 PM
    What Mr. Yao does is very inspiring to the world. He is a famous and successful athlete which has alot of influential power. He ends up using them for good and to benefit society. It is very inspiring because he could have enjoyed his life quietly without the need for him to do so much work and raise so much awareness.

    He did it because he thinks it is the right thing to do and doing good deeds like these grants him, inner peace. In this materialistic world, everybody is focusing in and many people are emotionally depressed. That is the key reason for depression. Depression arises when we keep focusing in and everything is about us.

    I rejoice in Mr. Yao’s philanthropist work and he is really making a difference. Shark fin’s soup is one of the most popular items in Chinese cuisine. It is very hard to change the mindset of the Chinese to avoid this dish because of the cruelty that it creates from making the dish available. It is very inspiring to see someone that focuses out and manage to make a difference in the world.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/global-celebrity-mr-yao-ming-save-lives
  • sarassitham
    Tuesday, Feb 19. 2019 06:16 PM
    An impressive family who contributed most of the time for dharma. Nice to know about Dato Ruby Khong and her supportive teenagers children. Besides raising up her family her contribution towards dharma was more adorable. Her strength and her willingness
    to bring the Tibetan Buddhism to the nation was very lively.

    Her strong believe in dharma has motivated and inspired her children and today they have been honored to be a part of Kechara family. Thank you for sharing the beauty of dharma and their thoughtful gift

    REPLY
  • Pastor Lanse
    Tuesday, Feb 19. 2019 02:58 PM
    多杰雄登修持已经流传了超过350年。过去和当代许多大师都是这位护法的修持者,许多寺院里自然也供奉多杰雄登,有些甚至还是在著名大师们亲自指示下制作的。这篇文章介绍了世界各地的十尊多杰雄登像,全都极富历史意义,也具有殊胜的加持力。希望大家能点击阅读和随喜,并从中得到加持。

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/l/cn/buddhas-dharma/10-holy-dorje-shugden-statues-around-the-world-chinese.html
  • Sofi
    Tuesday, Feb 19. 2019 02:09 PM
    Jeong Kwan: The Zen Buddhist Chef

    Jeong Kwan is a Nun and a marvelous Chef. Look at her creations which people are raving about. Simple flavourful dishes that she says is one of her form of meditation. When our mind is at peace, this will translate into whatever we do. Learn more of this inspiring and beautiful practitioner of Buddha’s path.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/jeong-kwan-the-zen-buddhist-chef.html
  • Sofi
    Tuesday, Feb 19. 2019 02:05 PM
    Shantideva: The Misunderstood Scholar and Mahasiddha

    Shantideva was a very famous attained master in Tibetan Buddhism. The title is strange don’t you think. How could he be the misunderstood scholar and Mahasiddha? Well, visit the article and find out the interesting details. Fascinating.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/shantideva-the-misunderstood-scholar-and-mahasiddha.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Feb 19. 2019 10:56 AM
    First time coming across this accomplished yogi Mahasiddha Lawapa . Glad to know and learn a bit of knowledge of this Great Mahasiddha Lawapa who was a figure in Tibetan Buddhism who flourished in the 10th century. He was also known as Kambala and Kambalapada. Lawapa was the originator of the Dream Yoga sādhanā and it was from Lawapa that the mahasiddha Tilopa received the Dream Yoga practice lineage. Will try to understand more.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/mahasiddha-lawapa-or-kambala-mahasiddha-of-the-blanket
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Feb 19. 2019 10:41 AM
    Beautiful art piece of the 30th Sakya Trizin Sonam Rinchen paints a thousand words. Along side with Vajrayogini, Buddha Shakyamuni , Hevajra, Gonpo Tramsuk , Mahakala of the Doors and Sakya Dorje Shugden Tanag. Other than Sonam Rinchen, there were many other great Sakya throneholders who practised and proliferated Dorje Shugden Tanag as well.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing which allows us to have it printed .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/the-30th-sakya-trizin-sonam-rinchen
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Feb 19. 2019 10:40 AM
    Rejoice Ms Julia Tan having the merits to have the generosity offering not only one but two beautifully carved wooden statues of Ucheyma for Rinpoche. Its truly stunning after painted in antique gold colour.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this beautiful statue of Ucheyma.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/beautiful-statue-of-ucheyma
  • Tsem Rinpoche
    Tuesday, Feb 19. 2019 02:10 AM
    “Hoichi the Earless Minstrel” is a wonderful classic ghost story that is done artistically and very spiritually imbued. One of my favorites. The Amitabha shrine is beautiful. A must watch- https://bit.ly/2NgJUAs
  • Sofi
    Monday, Feb 18. 2019 09:48 PM
    The Great Female Master- Jetsun Lochen Rinpoche

    An incredible magical story of a great attained Master who overcame all odds to gain high attainments in her lifetime. Read of her amazing enlightened journey and activities that captivate front start to end.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/the-great-female-master-jetsun-lochen-rinpoche.html
  • Yee Yin
    Monday, Feb 18. 2019 06:52 PM
    Before learning about Buddhism, I am worried if I will see a ghost because I don’t know what I should do and whether the ghost will harm me. In Buddhism belief, ghosts are also one of the sentient beings, they are like human, they have feelings and emotions too. However, they can be quite pitiful, they take rebirth as a ghost because of their attachment and they are stuck. Most of them are very lonely.

    If we ever see a ghost, we should remain calm and with compassion chant mantra for them, tell them to let go. Don’t ever try to communicate with the ghost because we don’t have the power to help them. We can always go and seek advice from a master if needed.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/film-tv-music/celebrity-ghost-stories-must-watch-video.html
    [no sender]
  • Yee Yin
    Monday, Feb 18. 2019 06:20 PM
    Mount Wu Tai Shan in China is one of the abodes of Buddha Manjushri. It is believed that Buddha Manjushri lives here. There are many stories of him showing signs to people who have an affinity with him. To many great Buddhist masters and lay Buddhist practitioners, Mount Wu Tai Shan is a pilgrimage site one must visit.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/wonderful-wu-tai-shan-manjushri-holy-place.html
    [no sender]
  • sarassitham
    Monday, Feb 18. 2019 05:37 PM
    Shrungagiri Shanmukha Temple in Bangalore

    An ideal Murugan Temple to be visited in Bangalore located in Rajarajeshwari Nagar. A hilltop structured built with a uniquely designed in the hexagonal shape. A popular among people for it’s location with great visibility with greenery surroundings. A famous tourist attraction for its six faces of Lord Shanmukha and also a religious destination for many.

    The view of the temple with a pair of welcome peacocks in the main entrance. The extra ordinary of Lord Ganesha and surrounded by antique collection in various forms. Other amazing was the description of Lord Shiva, The Crystal Dome with Sun Trecking System at the roof top. A great structure of the Giant Shamukha.

    The temple has many facilities including transportation and can be best visited in the morning and evening. A great temple to be visited if you are in Bangalore and to get the blessing of Lord Shiva and family.
  • Yee Yin
    Monday, Feb 18. 2019 04:52 PM
    Do you believe in reincarnation? Buddhists believe that when we die, it is not the end of it, it is another beginning for us. When we die our consciousness will leave our body and will take rebirth in another form. We can take rebirth in 3 upper realms which include god, semi-god, human or we can take rebirth in 3 lower realms which include animal, ghost or hell. It is easier to end up in the 3 lower realms than to take rebirth in a human form again. While we are in the human form, we have to collect as much merit as possible and purify our karma.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/science-mysteries/another-proof-of-reincarnation.html
    [no sender]
  • chris
    Monday, Feb 18. 2019 01:22 PM
    Thank you, Rinpoche and blog team for sharing with us this amazing Amitabha Buddha statue on the top of Vietnam. It is being placed in a very picturesque spot which made it look magic amidst the clouds. Vietnam is very fortunate to have this spiritual complex to be so close to the clouds.

    Buddha Amitabha is a very popular deity due to his simple practice with great results. His practice can be practiced by all kind of people from different social class and background. Even those who are illiterate can also practice and gain results as long as they do it well.

    This practice also gives them hope because it was said that if they are devoted to Buddha Amitabha and the practice, they will have a chance to ascend to his pure land which is Sukhavati. This gives those who are enduring a hard and difficult life to look forward to doing this practice and escape from their misery. That is why his practice is extremely popular.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/one-minute-story/amazing-huge-amitabha-buddha-on-the-roof-of-vietnam

1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · »

Messages from Rinpoche

Scroll down within the box to view more messages from Rinpoche. Click on the images to enlarge. Click on 'older messages' to view archived messages. Use 'prev' and 'next' links to navigate between pages

Use this URL to link to this section directly: https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/#messages-from-rinpoche

Previous Live Videos

MORE VIDEOS

Shugdenpas Speaking Up Across The Globe

From Europe Shugden Association:


MORE VIDEOS

From Tibetan Public Talk:


MORE VIDEOS

CREDITS

Concept: Tsem Rinpoche
Technical: Lew Kwan Leng, Justin Ripley, Yong Swee Keong
Design: Justin Ripley, Cynthia Lee
Content: Tsem Rinpoche, Justin Ripley, Pastor Shin Tan, Sarah Yap
Admin: Pastor Loh Seng Piow, Beng Kooi

I must thank my dharma blog team who are great assets to me, Kechara and growth of dharma in this wonderful region. I am honoured and thrilled to work with them. I really am. Maybe I don't say it enough to them, but I am saying it now. I APPRECIATE THESE GUYS VERY MUCH!

Tsem Rinpoche

Total views today
13,757
Total views up to date
15,556,008

Stay Updated

What Am I Writing Now

Facebook Fans Youtube Views Blog Views
Animal Care Fund
  Bigfoot, Yeti, Sasquatch

The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
So go pursue all the way with the unknown,
because all unknown with familiarity becomes the known.
~Tsem Rinpoche

Photos On The Go

Click on the images to view the bigger version. And scroll down and click on "View All Photos" to view more images.
\"Hoichi the Earless Minstrel\" is a wonderful classic ghost story that is done artistically and very spiritually imbued. One of my favorites. The Amitabha shrine is beautiful. A must watch- https://bit.ly/2NgJUAs
17 hours ago
"Hoichi the Earless Minstrel" is a wonderful classic ghost story that is done artistically and very spiritually imbued. One of my favorites. The Amitabha shrine is beautiful. A must watch- https://bit.ly/2NgJUAs
Amazing huge Amitabha Buddha on the “roof of Vietnam”-Such stunning photos- https://bit.ly/2Ed0s9n
3 days ago
Amazing huge Amitabha Buddha on the “roof of Vietnam”-Such stunning photos- https://bit.ly/2Ed0s9n
Be loyal to your guru. Be close to your guru. Be honest with your guru. Never give your guru excuses but always accomplish your assignments that your guru has given you. Be loving, devoted and sincere with your guru. If you conduct yourself in this way, you will see positive transformations in your mind. Tsem Rinpoche
4 days ago
Be loyal to your guru. Be close to your guru. Be honest with your guru. Never give your guru excuses but always accomplish your assignments that your guru has given you. Be loving, devoted and sincere with your guru. If you conduct yourself in this way, you will see positive transformations in your mind. Tsem Rinpoche
Be loyal to your guru. Be close to your guru. Be honest with your guru. Never give your guru excuses but always accomplish your assignments that your guru has given you. Be loving, devoted and sincere with your guru. If you conduct yourself in this way, you will see positive transformations in your mind. Tsem Rinpoche
4 days ago
Be loyal to your guru. Be close to your guru. Be honest with your guru. Never give your guru excuses but always accomplish your assignments that your guru has given you. Be loving, devoted and sincere with your guru. If you conduct yourself in this way, you will see positive transformations in your mind. Tsem Rinpoche
It is a must read on this incredible master Tagpu Pemavajra who was a great Mahasiddha- https://bit.ly/2Eagu3N
4 days ago
It is a must read on this incredible master Tagpu Pemavajra who was a great Mahasiddha- https://bit.ly/2Eagu3N
Photo-Rare form of Lady Sindongma or Simhamuka practised in the Bodong Sengdong lineage. Please read more on the practice and benefits of Fierce Goddess Singdongma and the protection She offers- https://bit.ly/2JTMc6O
4 days ago
Photo-Rare form of Lady Sindongma or Simhamuka practised in the Bodong Sengdong lineage. Please read more on the practice and benefits of Fierce Goddess Singdongma and the protection She offers- https://bit.ly/2JTMc6O
Would love to live here in the forest and have breakfast here daily
1 week ago
Would love to live here in the forest and have breakfast here daily
My Oser girl loves to sunbathe on the veranda.
1 week ago
My Oser girl loves to sunbathe on the veranda.
An alluring statue of the Goddess Ucheyma (Severed Head Vajra Yogini) has arrived for me. Take a look and be blessed! She is stunning!- https://bit.ly/2HZRhgx
2 weeks ago
An alluring statue of the Goddess Ucheyma (Severed Head Vajra Yogini) has arrived for me. Take a look and be blessed! She is stunning!- https://bit.ly/2HZRhgx
It says when the Buddha was born, all the gods, demigods and asura came to pay homage. Buddha proclaimed it will be his last rebirth in samsara. Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu all came to make offerings to a Universal Monarch (Buddha) during this most auspicious time. This is one of the depictions of that. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
It says when the Buddha was born, all the gods, demigods and asura came to pay homage. Buddha proclaimed it will be his last rebirth in samsara. Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu all came to make offerings to a Universal Monarch (Buddha) during this most auspicious time. This is one of the depictions of that. Tsem Rinpoche
Sacred Vajra Yogini stupa at Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia
2 weeks ago
Sacred Vajra Yogini stupa at Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia
Powerful outdoor Dorje Shugden statue at Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia
2 weeks ago
Powerful outdoor Dorje Shugden statue at Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia
Li Yu is incredibly creative, artistic, imaginative and really can patiently create a beautiful living space and so much art. Amazing-  https://bit.ly/2Ge6k3C
3 weeks ago
Li Yu is incredibly creative, artistic, imaginative and really can patiently create a beautiful living space and so much art. Amazing- https://bit.ly/2Ge6k3C
Our Medicine Buddha stops rain- https://bit.ly/2TnGFcG
3 weeks ago
Our Medicine Buddha stops rain- https://bit.ly/2TnGFcG
满愿护法多杰雄登: https://bit.ly/2G5xiKY
3 weeks ago
满愿护法多杰雄登: https://bit.ly/2G5xiKY
A brand new \"Wish-fulfilling Shrine\" just completed. Beautiful! Please see pictures and video-  https://bit.ly/2Sczh6v
3 weeks ago
A brand new "Wish-fulfilling Shrine" just completed. Beautiful! Please see pictures and video- https://bit.ly/2Sczh6v
The ancient and magnificent gigantic Maitreya Buddha of Xumishan Grottoes- https://bit.ly/2VIjCej
3 weeks ago
The ancient and magnificent gigantic Maitreya Buddha of Xumishan Grottoes- https://bit.ly/2VIjCej
Do we really need psychics, fortune tellers and people who can change our luck and destiny? - https://bit.ly/2RPy2uN
4 weeks ago
Do we really need psychics, fortune tellers and people who can change our luck and destiny? - https://bit.ly/2RPy2uN
California did the right thing! This news makes me very happy and I hope other states in the US and nations will follow suit. - https://bit.ly/2LXo2tg
1 month ago
California did the right thing! This news makes me very happy and I hope other states in the US and nations will follow suit. - https://bit.ly/2LXo2tg
The extraordinary life of Lady Lhalu- https://bit.ly/2FbkIdj
1 month ago
The extraordinary life of Lady Lhalu- https://bit.ly/2FbkIdj
So many beautiful flowers....There are more on the others side too. I have offered them to the Buddhas...
1 month ago
So many beautiful flowers....There are more on the others side too. I have offered them to the Buddhas...
Lovely mini statues perfect for small apartments, your work desk or any space. Vajra Yogini who leads you to Kechara Paradise. Manjushri who confirms great wisdom and realizations. Dorje Shugden in his various forms. The perfect trio at around 7.5 inches each. From www.vajrasecrets.com and Kechara\'s Flea market (Naropa\'s Cave).
1 month ago
Lovely mini statues perfect for small apartments, your work desk or any space. Vajra Yogini who leads you to Kechara Paradise. Manjushri who confirms great wisdom and realizations. Dorje Shugden in his various forms. The perfect trio at around 7.5 inches each. From http://www.vajrasecrets.com and Kechara's Flea market (Naropa's Cave).
Click on picture and read and do share with others. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Click on picture and read and do share with others. Tsem Rinpoche
Why bigger Buddha statues are more beneficial | 为何佛像越大、越多越好find out here- https://bit.ly/2FauD2M
1 month ago
Why bigger Buddha statues are more beneficial | 为何佛像越大、越多越好find out here- https://bit.ly/2FauD2M
CUTE ATTACK!-

Oser girl loves the balcony so much. She is so cute! - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTcoWpKJm2c
1 month ago
CUTE ATTACK!- Oser girl loves the balcony so much. She is so cute! - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTcoWpKJm2c
Please click on photo and read this one in two languages.
1 month ago
Please click on photo and read this one in two languages.
Click on photo to enlarge and please read and share.
1 month ago
Click on photo to enlarge and please read and share.
.



As long as a sentient being perceives a non-existent ‘I’ and abides within the state of its resultant projections, both subtle and gross karma will be accumulated even if one is just sitting still and doing nothing.~Tsem Rinpoche 



.
1 month ago
. As long as a sentient being perceives a non-existent ‘I’ and abides within the state of its resultant projections, both subtle and gross karma will be accumulated even if one is just sitting still and doing nothing.~Tsem Rinpoche .
Father Spends Quality Time With His Son. See what they do.- https://bit.ly/2Ax5ICN
1 month ago
Father Spends Quality Time With His Son. See what they do.- https://bit.ly/2Ax5ICN
Liang Jing who found a wonderful organic hat to block out the sun! Liang Jiang is such a polite, well-mannered, easy going young adult who just cooperates with everything you ask him to help with. He is a delightful young person and he helps his dad maintain our organic vegetable patch on Kechara Forest Retreat land in Bentong, Malaysia.
1 month ago
Liang Jing who found a wonderful organic hat to block out the sun! Liang Jiang is such a polite, well-mannered, easy going young adult who just cooperates with everything you ask him to help with. He is a delightful young person and he helps his dad maintain our organic vegetable patch on Kechara Forest Retreat land in Bentong, Malaysia.
Great father and son team at Kechara Forest Retreat harvesting vegetables.
1 month ago
Great father and son team at Kechara Forest Retreat harvesting vegetables.
Cute little He Wei working with his dad putting Dorje Shugden mantra stones on the grotto in Kechara Forest Retreat. He is very energetic. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Cute little He Wei working with his dad putting Dorje Shugden mantra stones on the grotto in Kechara Forest Retreat. He is very energetic. Tsem Rinpoche
See what 560 monks in Langmu Monastery are doing | 美丽的朗木赛赤寺与560名寺僧 - https://bit.ly/2VtSIqo
2 months ago
See what 560 monks in Langmu Monastery are doing | 美丽的朗木赛赤寺与560名寺僧 - https://bit.ly/2VtSIqo
Meaning Behind the Fasting Buddha Statue- https://bit.ly/2s7Oh79
2 months ago
Meaning Behind the Fasting Buddha Statue- https://bit.ly/2s7Oh79
See video- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q53GTR-Kya0&feature=youtu.be


您有没有想过如何用自己有限的预算来供养大佛像?

看看Julia和大家分享她所制造将要来到克切拉禅修林的9尺多杰雄登佛像的经验。你将学会如何将 放进这大佛像里面来累积无休止的功德给您自己和身边的人。

欢迎你来PJ的克切拉佛教中心或文冬的克切拉禅修林做你的供养货上网 
https://www.vajrasecrets.com/9ft-dorje-shugden-statue-insertion-fund
2 months ago
See video- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q53GTR-Kya0&feature=youtu.be 您有没有想过如何用自己有限的预算来供养大佛像? 看看Julia和大家分享她所制造将要来到克切拉禅修林的9尺多杰雄登佛像的经验。你将学会如何将 放进这大佛像里面来累积无休止的功德给您自己和身边的人。 欢迎你来PJ的克切拉佛教中心或文冬的克切拉禅修林做你的供养货上网 https://www.vajrasecrets.com/9ft-dorje-shugden-statue-insertion-fund
11 Frightening & Unusual paranormal stories- https://bit.ly/2LQ7zGV
2 months ago
11 Frightening & Unusual paranormal stories- https://bit.ly/2LQ7zGV
Respected lamas of any devoted students will have two stupas for their remains. One stupa inside the ladrang of the lama and one stupa outside for the public to worship and do kora. By keeping the remains of the lama\'s previous lives in stupas, and making offerings, generates the merits for the current incarnation and future incarnations of the lama to be able to do more dharma work to benefit others. 

Here is a beautiful indoor stupa to a lama in Tibet. It is up to the strength of the devotion of the students to create such stupas in respect and dedication of their lama\'s previous incarnation(s). TR
2 months ago
Respected lamas of any devoted students will have two stupas for their remains. One stupa inside the ladrang of the lama and one stupa outside for the public to worship and do kora. By keeping the remains of the lama's previous lives in stupas, and making offerings, generates the merits for the current incarnation and future incarnations of the lama to be able to do more dharma work to benefit others. Here is a beautiful indoor stupa to a lama in Tibet. It is up to the strength of the devotion of the students to create such stupas in respect and dedication of their lama's previous incarnation(s). TR
The Phenomena of Oracles among various cultures. Very interesting- https://bit.ly/2s3vTfF
2 months ago
The Phenomena of Oracles among various cultures. Very interesting- https://bit.ly/2s3vTfF
His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche in Heruka Tantric dress
2 months ago
His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche in Heruka Tantric dress
His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche in front of the bodhi tree in Bodhgaya. The bodhi tree Lord Buddha sat under and became enlightened. Tsem Rinpoche
2 months ago
His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche in front of the bodhi tree in Bodhgaya. The bodhi tree Lord Buddha sat under and became enlightened. Tsem Rinpoche
When you don\'t have sangha/centre to bless your Buddha images, here\'s how you can do it yourself- https://bit.ly/2TmtJn2
2 months ago
When you don't have sangha/centre to bless your Buddha images, here's how you can do it yourself- https://bit.ly/2TmtJn2
Lovely people who are so faithful and interested in Dorje Shugden when they visited us. They understand the benefits and embrace the practice. I wish them well, happiness, peace and spiritual growth. Tsem Rinpoche
2 months ago
Lovely people who are so faithful and interested in Dorje Shugden when they visited us. They understand the benefits and embrace the practice. I wish them well, happiness, peace and spiritual growth. Tsem Rinpoche
Dear everyone, 


Plse take a peek at this one. Cute and interesting. Don\'t miss it: 




https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmC4fYVePms





TR
2 months ago
Dear everyone, Plse take a peek at this one. Cute and interesting. Don't miss it: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmC4fYVePms TR
One of my favorite sci-fi movies when growing up as a kid.  It was a B-movie, but somehow it worked & I liked it. :)
2 months ago
One of my favorite sci-fi movies when growing up as a kid. It was a B-movie, but somehow it worked & I liked it. :)
Doing Dharma work and a powerful motivation: https://bit.ly/2EXfeTh
2 months ago
Doing Dharma work and a powerful motivation: https://bit.ly/2EXfeTh
Another piece of beautiful artwork for you to enjoy-please click here: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
2 months ago
Another piece of beautiful artwork for you to enjoy-please click here: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
A beautiful Tsunami memorial in Sri Lanka. Such a placid and calm place. A must see- https://bit.ly/2QSV1Vf
2 months ago
A beautiful Tsunami memorial in Sri Lanka. Such a placid and calm place. A must see- https://bit.ly/2QSV1Vf
A touching and moving hug- https://bit.ly/2Q5PtBv
2 months ago
A touching and moving hug- https://bit.ly/2Q5PtBv
Click on "View All Photos" above to view more images

Videos On The Go

Please click on the images to watch video
  • SUPER ADORABLE and must see
    1 month ago
    SUPER ADORABLE and must see
    Tsem Rinpoche's dog Oser girl enjoying her snack in her play pen.
  • Cute!
    1 month ago
    Cute!
    Oser girl loves the balcony so much. - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTcoWpKJm2c
  • Uncle Wong
    2 months ago
    Uncle Wong
    We were told by Uncle Wong he is very faithful toward Dorje Shugden. Dorje Shugden has extended help to him on several occasions and now Uncle Wong comes daily to make incense offerings to Dorje Shugden. He is grateful towards the help he was given.
  • Tsem Rinpoche’s Schnauzer Dharma boy fights Robot sphere from Arkonide!
    2 months ago
    Tsem Rinpoche’s Schnauzer Dharma boy fights Robot sphere from Arkonide!
  • Cute baby owl found and rescued
    2 months ago
    Cute baby owl found and rescued
    We rescued a lost baby owl in Kechara Forest Retreat.
  • Nice cups from Kechara!!
    2 months ago
    Nice cups from Kechara!!
    Dorje Shugden people's lives matter!
  • Enjoy a peaceful morning at Kechara Forest Retreat
    2 months ago
    Enjoy a peaceful morning at Kechara Forest Retreat
    Chirping birds and other forest animals create a joyful melody at the Vajrayogini stupa in Kechara Forest Retreat (Bentong, Malaysia).
  • His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche makes offering of khata to Dorje Shugden.
    2 months ago
    His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche makes offering of khata to Dorje Shugden.
    Trijang Rinpoche never gave up his devotion to Dorje Shugden no matter how much Tibetan government in exile pressured him to give up. He stayed loyal inspiring so many of us.
  • Very rare video of His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche the 10th, the all knowing and compassionate one. I pay deep respects to this attained being who has taken many rebirths since the time of Lord Buddha to be of benefit to sentient beings tirelessly. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    Very rare video of His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche the 10th, the all knowing and compassionate one. I pay deep respects to this attained being who has taken many rebirths since the time of Lord Buddha to be of benefit to sentient beings tirelessly. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This bigfoot researcher gives good reasonings on bigfoot. Interesting short video.
    2 months ago
    This bigfoot researcher gives good reasonings on bigfoot. Interesting short video.
  • His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche of Gaden Shartse Monastery was one of the teachers of Venerable Geshe Kelsang Gyatso. Here in this beautiful video is Geshe Kelsang Gyatso showing his centre to Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, then proceeding to sit down to receive teachings. For more information- https://bit.ly/2QNac1u
    2 months ago
    His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche of Gaden Shartse Monastery was one of the teachers of Venerable Geshe Kelsang Gyatso. Here in this beautiful video is Geshe Kelsang Gyatso showing his centre to Kyabje Zong Rinpoche, then proceeding to sit down to receive teachings. For more information- https://bit.ly/2QNac1u
  • Tsem Rinpoche’s dog, Oser girl always sits on Rinpoche’s chair. When Rinpoche’s other dog, Dharma tries to get into the chair, he is chased away. Oser is the boss. She is possessive. Cute.
    3 months ago
    Tsem Rinpoche’s dog, Oser girl always sits on Rinpoche’s chair. When Rinpoche’s other dog, Dharma tries to get into the chair, he is chased away. Oser is the boss. She is possessive. Cute.
  • Lama Yeshe talks about how to practice at the beginning and at the end of each day during teachings given in London during the Lamas’ first European teaching tour in 1975. Lama Yeshe was a brilliant teacher and I wanted to share this with everyone so his teachings can reach more people. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    Lama Yeshe talks about how to practice at the beginning and at the end of each day during teachings given in London during the Lamas’ first European teaching tour in 1975. Lama Yeshe was a brilliant teacher and I wanted to share this with everyone so his teachings can reach more people. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Our beautiful Dorje Shugden shop in the busiest part of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Many tourists visit our store and this area.
    3 months ago
    Our beautiful Dorje Shugden shop in the busiest part of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Many tourists visit our store and this area.
  • Living off the grid in Australia
    3 months ago
    Living off the grid in Australia
    A Jill Redwood is a jack of all trades, Jill built her own house on her property and lives entirely off the grid with no mains power or town water, mobile reception or television. Living on around $80 a week, Jill has over sixty animals to keep her company and an abundant garden that out serves as an organic supermarket right at her doorstep. Her main expenses are animal feed and the rates on her property. Watch this incredible three minute video and be inspired to live differently.
  • Kyabje Dagom Choktrul Rinpoche offering gold on a 350 year-old Dorje Shugden statue in his chapel in Lhasa. This is how Tibetans show homage and pay respect to a holy image. This chapel and statue of Dorje Shugden in Lhasa dedicated to Dorje Shugden was built by the Great 5th Dalai Lama. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    Kyabje Dagom Choktrul Rinpoche offering gold on a 350 year-old Dorje Shugden statue in his chapel in Lhasa. This is how Tibetans show homage and pay respect to a holy image. This chapel and statue of Dorje Shugden in Lhasa dedicated to Dorje Shugden was built by the Great 5th Dalai Lama. Tsem Rinpoche
  • My sweet little Oser girl is so photogenic and adorable. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    My sweet little Oser girl is so photogenic and adorable. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Heart Sutra sang by a monk for the modern crowd. Very interesting and beautiful. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    Heart Sutra sang by a monk for the modern crowd. Very interesting and beautiful. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Submerging powerful mantra stones in water at Kechara Forest Retreat in Malaysia.
    3 months ago
    Submerging powerful mantra stones in water at Kechara Forest Retreat in Malaysia.
  • Wylfred explains in Chinese the benefits of mantra stones at Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia   |  黄明川以华语解释在马来西亚克切拉禅修林的玛尼堆(刻有心咒的石头)的利益
    3 months ago
    Wylfred explains in Chinese the benefits of mantra stones at Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia | 黄明川以华语解释在马来西亚克切拉禅修林的玛尼堆(刻有心咒的石头)的利益
  • My Oser girl and Dharma boy love the verandah where they can see the greens. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    My Oser girl and Dharma boy love the verandah where they can see the greens. Tsem Rinpoche
  • If there were more schools like this, then our kids would grow up with more caring awareness and kind emotions towards our environment and the people around them. They would grow up knowing that chasing materialism is not going to bring any happiness. I hope very much more schools like this would materialise. I hope in my future life I can attend a school like this. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    If there were more schools like this, then our kids would grow up with more caring awareness and kind emotions towards our environment and the people around them. They would grow up knowing that chasing materialism is not going to bring any happiness. I hope very much more schools like this would materialise. I hope in my future life I can attend a school like this. Tsem Rinpoche
  • My Oser girl and Dharma boy in their cosy little bedroom next to me sleeping away. Cute.
    4 months ago
    My Oser girl and Dharma boy in their cosy little bedroom next to me sleeping away. Cute.
  • It is incredible how smart Oser girl is. She can steal the treat away from Dharma boy and so casually. Wow. She is so smart. Tsem Rinpoche
    4 months ago
    It is incredible how smart Oser girl is. She can steal the treat away from Dharma boy and so casually. Wow. She is so smart. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Kechara Forest Retreat Dogs. Dharma boy is tiny and trying to scare off big boy Johnny. Johnny is so patient and just ignores Dharma. They are both cute and both live in Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia. Tsem Rinpoche
    4 months ago
    Kechara Forest Retreat Dogs. Dharma boy is tiny and trying to scare off big boy Johnny. Johnny is so patient and just ignores Dharma. They are both cute and both live in Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia. Tsem Rinpoche
  • BREAKING EYEWITNESS FOOTAGE: Workers violently punched, kicked, cussed out, & left sheep to die on dozens of Scottish farms 💔 Sheep bled after rough shearing & were stitched up without painkillers.–From Peta2
    4 months ago
    BREAKING EYEWITNESS FOOTAGE: Workers violently punched, kicked, cussed out, & left sheep to die on dozens of Scottish farms 💔 Sheep bled after rough shearing & were stitched up without painkillers.–From Peta2
  • Super cute seal and so gentle. Must watch this video and realize we are all one. Tsem Rinpoche
    4 months ago
    Super cute seal and so gentle. Must watch this video and realize we are all one. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Legendary Heart sings “Stairway to Heaven” in tribute to Led Zeppelin. Incredible tribute and rendition. Everyone is blown away. TR
    4 months ago
    Legendary Heart sings “Stairway to Heaven” in tribute to Led Zeppelin. Incredible tribute and rendition. Everyone is blown away. TR
  • In a low-income neighbourhood, this man is growing his own organic produce, and giving extras away for free to neighbours who can’t afford fresh ingredients from the store. Must watch!
    4 months ago
    In a low-income neighbourhood, this man is growing his own organic produce, and giving extras away for free to neighbours who can’t afford fresh ingredients from the store. Must watch!
  • Neat little video
    4 months ago
    Neat little video
  • This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    1 years ago
    This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    This video is thought-provoking and very interesting. Watch! Thanks so much to our friends at LIVEKINDLY.
  • Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
    1 years ago
    Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
  • BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
    1 years ago
    BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
  • Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
    1 years ago
    Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
  • Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
    1 years ago
    Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
  • Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 years ago
    Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    1 years ago
    This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    she received “one last visit from an old friend” 💔💔
  • Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
    1 years ago
    Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
  • Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
    1 years ago
    Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
  • Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant  Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
    1 years ago
    Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
  • Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
    1 years ago
    Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
  • Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 years ago
    Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
  • What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    1 years ago
    What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    Sick animals are more profitable... farms calculate how close to death they can keep animals without killing them. That's the business model. How quickly they can be made to grow, how tightly they can be packed, how much or how little can they eat, how sick they can get without dying... We live in a world in which it's conventional to treat an animal like a block of wood. ~ Jonathan Safran Foer
  • This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
    1 years ago
    This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
  • SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    1 years ago
    SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    This happens daily in slaughterhouse so you can get your pork and Bak ku teh. Stop eating meat.

ASK A PASTOR


Ask the Pastors

A section for you to clarify your Dharma questions with Kechara’s esteemed pastors.

Just post your name and your question below and one of our pastors will provide you with an answer.

Scroll down and click on "View All Questions" to view archived questions.

View All Questions

CHAT PICTURES

Today KISG has carried out our monthly animals liberation activity in DR Park, Ipoh. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
2 days ago
Today KISG has carried out our monthly animals liberation activity in DR Park, Ipoh. So Kin Hoe (KISG)
2 days ago
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!!!Will done children..Next week will continue again thank you Teacher Laura Yee. Ksds Asyley Chia
2 days ago
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!!!Will done children..Next week will continue again thank you Teacher Laura Yee. Ksds Asyley Chia
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!!!Will done children..Next week will continue again thank you Teacher Laura Yee. Ksds Asyley Chia
2 days ago
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!!!Will done children..Next week will continue again thank you Teacher Laura Yee. Ksds Asyley Chia
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!!!Will done children..Next week will continue again thank you Teacher Laura Yee. Ksds Asyley Chia
2 days ago
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!!!Will done children..Next week will continue again thank you Teacher Laura Yee. Ksds Asyley Chia
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!!!Will done children..Next week will continue again thank you Teacher Laura Yee. Ksds Asyley Chia
2 days ago
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!!!Will done children..Next week will continue again thank you Teacher Laura Yee. Ksds Asyley Chia
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!!!Will done children..Next week will continue again thank you Teacher Laura Yee. Ksds Asyley Chia
2 days ago
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!!!Will done children..Next week will continue again thank you Teacher Laura Yee. Ksds Asyley Chia
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, Cherng Cherng's drawing so nice! Will done..Next week will continue again.thank you Teacher Laura Yee. KSDS Asyley Chia
2 days ago
2 to 6 year old class..Art and Fun time, Cherng Cherng's drawing so nice! Will done..Next week will continue again.thank you Teacher Laura Yee. KSDS Asyley Chia
2 to 6 year old class.Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!Will done children..Next week will continue again.thank you Teacher Laura Yee. KSDS Asyley Chia
2 days ago
2 to 6 year old class.Art and Fun time, they are so create and look at their drawing so nice!Will done children..Next week will continue again.thank you Teacher Laura Yee. KSDS Asyley Chia
Teacher Asyley and Teacher Melinda gave some brief explanation to students on Rinpoche’s biography. Lin Mun KSDS
3 days ago
Teacher Asyley and Teacher Melinda gave some brief explanation to students on Rinpoche’s biography. Lin Mun KSDS
The children are so cute  They took  picture in front of Rinpoche. Lin Mun KSDS
3 days ago
The children are so cute They took picture in front of Rinpoche. Lin Mun KSDS
Teacher Asyley takes good care of the students. Lin Mun KSDS
3 days ago
Teacher Asyley takes good care of the students. Lin Mun KSDS
Glad that children engage in dharma from young. Lin Mun KSDS
3 days ago
Glad that children engage in dharma from young. Lin Mun KSDS
Teacher Kien lead the prostration and mantra chanting before the start of the dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
3 days ago
Teacher Kien lead the prostration and mantra chanting before the start of the dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
Students collecting the art stone done by them. Lin Mun KSDS
3 days ago
Students collecting the art stone done by them. Lin Mun KSDS
Teacher Melinda is guiding the youngest students to do prostration. Lin Mun KSDS
3 days ago
Teacher Melinda is guiding the youngest students to do prostration. Lin Mun KSDS
We would like to thank our dedicated volunteers from #Ipoh for assisting us in surplus rescue from #Tesco and #Aeon. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
3 days ago
We would like to thank our dedicated volunteers from #Ipoh for assisting us in surplus rescue from #Tesco and #Aeon. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
Thank you very much to Heriot Watt University students and staffs from Asiapay for participating our foodbank delivery activity today. Both groups assisted us in delivering dry provisions and also surplus vegetables rescued from Tesco and Aeon. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
4 days ago
Thank you very much to Heriot Watt University students and staffs from Asiapay for participating our foodbank delivery activity today. Both groups assisted us in delivering dry provisions and also surplus vegetables rescued from Tesco and Aeon. - Vivian @ Kechara Soup Kitchen
6 days ago
1 week ago
1 week ago
1 week ago
Pastor Han Nee blessing the birds before releasing them. Lin Mun KSDS
1 week ago
Pastor Han Nee blessing the birds before releasing them. Lin Mun KSDS
So glad parents & students come together every month to do animal liberation. Lin Mun KSDS
1 week ago
So glad parents & students come together every month to do animal liberation. Lin Mun KSDS
Both mother and daughter are active is Dharma School and the activities. Lin Mun KSDS
1 week ago
Both mother and daughter are active is Dharma School and the activities. Lin Mun KSDS
The Promise
  These books will change your life
  Tsem Rinpoche's Long Life Prayer by H.H. Trijang Choktrul Rinpoche
  Support Blog Team
Lamps For Life
  Robe Offerings
  Vajrayogini Stupa Fund
  White Tara Mantra Bank Project
  Rinpoche's Medical Fund
  Dana Offerings
  Soup Kitchen Project
 
Zong Rinpoche

Archives

YOUR FEEDBACK

Live Visitors Counter
Page Views By Country
Malaysia 3,767,534
United States 2,891,815
India 1,421,823
Nepal 693,185
Singapore 684,380
United Kingdom 537,986
Bhutan 498,695
Canada 488,542
Australia 414,348
Philippines 300,529
Indonesia 200,221
Germany 172,255
France 151,328
Taiwan 150,998
Thailand 139,970
Brazil 135,245
Vietnam 131,786
Mongolia 126,430
Portugal 122,797
Italy 115,250
Spain 105,535
Netherlands 98,027
Romania 76,442
Turkey 75,348
Hong Kong 72,288
Sri Lanka 71,289
South Africa 68,524
Russia 66,325
New Zealand 65,063
Switzerland 61,160
Mexico 60,790
United Arab Emirates 58,516
Myanmar (Burma) 56,380
Cambodia 49,503
Japan 49,347
Bangladesh 44,330
Egypt 42,521
South Korea 42,409
Ireland 40,870
Total Pageviews: 15,422,779

Login

Dorje Shugden
Click to watch my talk about Dorje Shugden....