Monarchy System in Malaysia

Nov 29, 2016 | Views: 1,423
Birthday Celebration of Yang di-Pertuan Agong in front of Istana Negara

Birthday Celebration of Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) in front of Istana Negara (Royal National Palace)

Dear friends around the world,

I have lived in Malaysia for over 20 years. During this time, I have developed a great appreciation for the cultures and customs that exist in Malaysia, which has inspired me to write more about the aspects of Malaysia that enrich its culture. Here is another interesting post to give you more background and understanding of Malaysia.

Malaysia adopts a constitutional monarchy system that is a mixture of hereditary and elected monarchs. Malaysia consists of several administrative regions across thirteen states and three federal territories. Nine states are ruled by monarchs, four states are supervised by a Yang di-Pertua Negeri or Governor, and the Federal Government controls the remaining three federal territories.

For the purpose of this article, we will focus on the office of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong or the Head of State of Malaysia, and the nine states that are ruled by either hereditary or elective monarchs. These states are:

  1. Johor Darul Ta’zim
  2. Kedah Darul Aman
  3. Kelantan Darul Naim
  4. Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus
  5. Pahang Darul Makmur
  6. Perak Darul Ridzuan
  7. Perlis Indera Kayangan
  8. Selangor Darul Ehsan
  9. Terengganu Darul Iman

I am pleased to present to you the monarchy in Malaysia, its history, and how these unique systems have been implemented successfully for many years. I do so with the greatest respect to the rulers and monarchy of Malaysia.

Tsem Rinpoche

 


 

Overview

Malaysia consists of several Malay kingdoms and regions that were previously part of British Protectorates and Colonial territories. After the unsuccessful attempt to set up the Malayan Union between 1946 and 1948, the British Administrators established the Federation of Malaya in 1948, which acknowledged the symbolic status of Malay’s rulers.

The Federation of Malaya consisted of nine Malay kingdoms: Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan, Perak, Perlis, Selangor, and Terengganu, and two British colonial territories, Penang and Malacca. The British High Commissioner, a senior British diplomat in charge of one Commonwealth region, presided over the Federation of Malaya, and was assisted by the Executive Council and the Legislative Council.

Opposition to the establishment of the Malayan Union (1946 – 1948)

Opposition to the establishment of the Malayan Union (1946 – 1948)

The Declaration of Independence from the British Empire on 31 August 1957

The Declaration of Independence from the British Empire on 31 August 1957

On 31 August 1957, the Federation of Malaya declared its independence from the British Empire. On 16 September 1963, the Federation of Malaysia, henceforth simply known as Malaysia, was established. Its members included the former members of the Federation of Malaya and three new members: North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore. Singapore exited the federation two years later.

List of states in Malaysia:

No. State Capital City Head of State
1. State Johor Darul Ta’zim (“Johor”) Johor Bahru Sultan
2. Kedah Darul Aman (“Kedah”) Alor Setar Sultan
3. Kelantan Darul Naim (“Kelantan”) Kota Bharu Sultan
4. Malacca Malacca City Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor)
5. Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus (“Negeri Sembilan”) Seremban Yamtuan Besar (Yang di-Pertuan Besar)
6. Pahang Darul Makmur (“Pahang”) Kuantan Sultan
7. Penang George Town Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor)
8. Perak Darul Ridzuan (“Perak”) Ipoh Sultan
9. Perlis Indera Kayangan (“Perlis”) Kangar Raja
10. Sabah Kota Kinabalu Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor)
11. Sarawak Kuching Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor)
12. Selangor Darul Ehsan (“Selangor”) Shah Alam Sultan
13. Terengganu Darul Iman (“Terengganu”) Kuala Terengganu Sultan

Note: For the purpose of this article, we will focus more on the Yang di-Pertuan Agong office, and the states that adopt constitutional monarchy system (Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Selangor, and Terengganu)

 

Yang di-Pertuan Agong

 

Brief History

Tuanku Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan, the 1st Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia

Tuanku Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan, the 1st Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia

The office of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong was established after Malaysia gained its independence from Britain in 1957. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is Malaysia’s head of state, and is elected by the Majlis Raja-Raja (the Conference of Rulers). The members of the Conference of Rulers play important roles in amending constitutions, especially those related to the rulers’ status, the rights of indigenous citizens, the national language, and other related policies. The first person elected by the Conference of Rulers to be Yang di-Pertuan Agong was Sultan Ibrahim of Johor (1873 – 1959; r. 1895 – 1959). However, the 84 year old ruler declined the position due to his old age. The Conference of Rulers then elected Tuanku Abdul Rahman from Negeri Sembilan (1895 – 1960; r. 1933 – 1960) as the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong instead.

 

The Election Process

Conference of Rulers meeting in 2010

The Conference of Rulers meeting in 2010

The Conference of Rulers is responsible for determining who will be Yang di-Pertuan Agong once every five years, or in the event the position is vacant either due to death or other reasons. The four state governors also attended the conference, but do not have the right to vote or stand for election for the office of Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

The following are the criteria of candidates to be eligible to become Yang di-Pertuan Agong:

  • The candidate is ruler of a sultanate or kingdom within Malaysia
  • The candidate has reached adulthood
  • The candidate has not previously notified the Keeper of the Rulers’ Seal that he does not wish to be considered for election to the office of Yang di-Pertuan Agong
  • The Conference of Rulers does not object to the candidate’s election for reasons that reflect reasonable doubt that the candidate is unsuitable to carry out the responsibilities of Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
The Coat of Arms of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong

The Coat of Arms of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong

During the election process, the Keeper of the Rulers’ Seal distributes a ballot with a candidate’s name. Each ruler is to specify his thoughts on whether the candidate is suitable for the office of Yang di-Pertuan Agong. The Keeper of the Rulers’ Seal and the most junior ruler, who does not stand for election, count the ballots together. The office of Yang di-Pertuan Agong will be offered to a candidate who obtains at least five votes.

If the candidate declines the offer, or does not manage to secure the majority of available votes, the election process is repeated with the next ruler on the list of Seniority of States as a candidate.

The List of Seniority of States:

  1. The Yamtuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan
  2. The Sultan of Selangor
  3. The Raja of Perlis
  4. The Sultan of Terengganu
  5. The Sultan of Kedah
  6. The Sultan of Kelantan
  7. The Sultan of Pahang
  8. The Sultan of Johor
  9. The Sultan of Perak

After the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected, the holder of the office appoints a regent to help perform his responsibilities in his home state, except for the role of the Head of Islam. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong retains the rights to be the Head of Islam in his home state.

The List of Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia:

No. Name Term State
1. Tuanku Abdul Rahman 1957-1960 Negeri Sembilan
2. Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah 1960 Selangor
3. Raja Syed Putra 1960-1965 Perlis
4. Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah 1965-1970 Terengganu
5. Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah 1970 – 1975 Kedah
6. Sultan Yahya Petra 1975-1979 Kelantan
7. Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Mustain Billah 1979-1984 Pahang
8. Sultan Iskandar 1984-1989 Johor
9. Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah 1989-1994 Perak
10. Tuanku Jaafar 1994-1999 Negeri Sembilan
11. Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah 1999-2001 Selangor
12. Raja Sirajuddin 2001 – 2006 Perlis
13. Mizan Zainal Abidin 2006 – 2011 Terengganu
14. Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah 2011 – 2016 Kedah
15. Sultan Muhammad V Elected in October 2016 Kelantan

 

Privileges and Responsibilities of Yang di-Pertuan Agong

The 14th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, Abdul Halim of Kedah and his wife, Raja Permaisuri Agong, Tuanku Hajah Haminah Binti Hamidun

The 14th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, Abdul Halim of Kedah and his wife, Raja Permaisuri Agong, Tuanku Hajah Haminah Binti Hamidun

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong must carry out the following responsibilities:

  • Appoint important government positions, including the Council of Ministers (i.e., Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, Chief Secretary of the Government), commissions and committees (i.e., the Election Commission, the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, Malaysian Public Service Commission), judges (i.e., the Chief Justice of Malaysia, the Chief Judge of Malaya, and the Chief Judge of Sabah and Sarawak), senators, and governors
  • Become the Head of Islam in the four states governed by governors, the three Federal Territories, and his home state
  • Be the Commander-in-Chief, the highest ranking office in military chain of command

 

Removal of Immunity

In 1993, the Malaysian constitution was amended to remove the immunity of Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the state rulers in their personal capacity. The constitution also states that Yang di-Pertuan Agong or any rulers cannot pardon himself or his immediate family members. However, it is possible for them to request a pardon from the Conference of Rulers.

 

Monarchy Systems in various Malaysian states

Currently, there are nine states in Malaysia that adopt a constitutional monarchy system. The state constitutions specify that only men of royal descent and of Muslim faith are eligible to be the ruler of the state. Like other constitutional monarchies, the rulers are not involved in the day-to-day governance of their states. However, they retained the right to be the Head of Islam, and to appoint the Menteri Besar (Chief Minister), or the head of government of the state.

 

Kedah

Monarch009

 

Brief History

Kedah Sultanate’s Coat of Arms

Kedah’s Coat of Arms

Kedah sultanate is also known as Darul Aman or the ‘Abode of Peace’. Kedah was originally a Hindu kingdom founded in 630 BC by Maharaja Derbar Raja of Gemeron, also known as Bandar Abbas. A Persian King who was defeated in a battle, he escaped and was stranded in Kedah. Bandar Abbas developed a good rapport with the Kedah people, and they enthroned him as their king, Sri Paduka Maharaja Durbar Raja I.

 

Sri Paduka Maharaja Durbar Raja I

Sri Paduka Maharaja Durbar Raja I

By the end of the 11th century, Islam’s influence had reached Kedah. The 9th Maharaja of Kedah, Sri Paduka Maharaja Durbar Raja II converted to this new belief, and later changed his name and title into Sultan Mudzafar Shah I (r. 1136-1179). Since then, the Kedah kingdom became Kedah sultanate. Historically, Kedah has fallen under the control of the Srivijaya kingdom, Siam, Britain, and Japan. When Kedah was a tributary state of Siam, it had to regularly send Bunga Mas or Golden Flowers and other valuable gifts to the Siamese kingdom. In the 18th century, the Sultan of Kedah gave Penang and the Province of Wellesley to the British in exchange for their protection against Siam. However, the Siamese invaded Kedah in 1821 and regained control of that region. Siam also separated Perlis territory from Kedah sultanate. In 1909, the Anglo-Siamese Treaty was signed and Britain gained control over Kedah. Siam re-acquired control over Kedah briefly during the World War II as a reward for their alliance with Japan, but the state was returned to the British empire after the World War II. Kedah joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and later Malaysia in 1963.

 

Kedah Monarchy System

The Sultan Abdul Halim of Kedah and his wife, Sultanah Haminah

Sultan Abdul Halim of Kedah and his wife, Sultanah Haminah

Kedah sultanate adopts a hereditary and constitutional monarchy system. The current Sultan of Kedah is Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah (1927 – present; r. 1958 – present). He inherited the throne from his father, Sultan Badlishah (1894 – 1958; r. 1943 – 1958).

 

Kelantan

Monarch014

 

Brief History

Kelantan Sultanate’s Coat of Arms

Kelantan’s Coat of Arms

Kelantan State has a colourful, if not turbulent history. Chinese, Indian and Siamese traders have done trading in Kelantan throughout history, which made it attractive for foreign power to gain control of this region. In the 13th and 14th century, Kelantan sultanate became a tributary state to the Majapahit and Srivijaya kingdom respectively. In the 15th century, Kelantan became a tributary state to Siam and later Malacca. When Kelantan was a tributary state of Siam, it had to regularly send Bunga Mas or Golden Flowers and other valuable gifts to the Siamese kingdom. During the Portuguese occupation of Malacca, Kelantan sultanate was divided into several smaller regions under the authority of feudal lords. The Siamese regained control over this area and subjected them to the authority of the Pattani kingdom.

In 1760, a lord from Kubang Labu named Long Muhammad or Long Pandak reunited the former Kelantan territories and established himself as ruler. Several years later, a Pattani warlord, Long Yunus deposed Long Pandak and declared himself as the king or Raja of Kelantan (1734 – 1794; r. 1775 – 1794). After the passing of Raja Yunus, the authority over Kelantan was transferred to Terengganu under the authority of Yang di-Pertuan Muda Tengku Muhammad, the son of Sultan Mansur of Terengganu (r. 1794 – 1800). In 1800, the son of Raja Yunus, Long Muhammad, declared himself as the ruler of Kelantan under the title of Sultan Muhammad I (r. 1800 – 1835). Kelantan joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and the Federation of Malaysia in 1963.

 

Kelantan Monarchy System

Sultan Muhammad V of Kelantan and Mentri Besar Muhamad Yakob

Sultan Muhammad V of Kelantan and Menteri Besar Muhamad Yakob

Kelantan State adopts a hereditary and constitutional monarchy system. The holder of Sultan of Kelantan office is the designated leader of Kelantan state and the Head of Islam. The current ruler of Kelantan is Sultan Muhammad V (1969 – present; r. 2010 – present). He inherited the throne from his father, Sultan Ismail Petra (r. 1979 – 2010).

 

Johor

Monarch017

 

Brief History

Johor Sultanate’s Coat of Arms

Johor’s Coat of Arms

Johor was originally part of Malaccan sultanate. In 1511, Portuguese conquered Malacca and Sultan Mahmud Shah had to flee his kingdom to Bintan. He had made several unsuccessful attempts to re-occupy his kingdom before the Portuguese finally raided Bintan in 1526 and forced him to escape to Kampar, Sumatra. Sultan Mahmud Shah passed away in 1528, and his two sons formed their own sultanates. Sultan Muzaffar Shah (r. 1528 – 1549) established Perak sultanate, while Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah (1513 – 1564; r. 1528 – 1564) established Johor sultanate. For a period of time, the new Sultan and his descendants were harassed by both the Portuguese and the Acehnese, but they managed to retain his new territory.

The tomb of Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah, the founder of the Johor Sultanate

The tomb of Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah, the founder of Johor Sultanate

In the early 17th century, the Dutch arrived in Southeast Asia and signed two treaties of alliance with Johor sultanate in 1606. The Dutch and Johor sultanate then joined forces to defeat the Portuguese in Malacca. After the war, the Dutch took control of Malacca, and as per the previously signed treaties, the Dutch agreed to not occupy Johor sultanate territories.

Between 1666 and 1673, Jambi, a part of Johor sultanate, became a prosperous region and tried to break free from Johor. This separatist intention created a civil war. During this time, Sultan of Johor strived to keep his sultanate together and was forced to shift his capital city several times. In the 17th century, Johor became a trading hub with more influence than Malacca. The Dutch were not happy about this, but they continued to honour the previously signed treaties. The last Sultan of the original Malaccan Dynasty was Sultan Mahmud Shah II (1675 – 1699; r. 1685 – 1699) of Johor. He died without a son, and therefore, the dominant faction of his court selected Bendahara Abdul Jalil (r. 1699 – 1720) to succeed him as Sultan Abdul Jalil IV.

The throne was later usurped by Raja Kecil, who claimed to be the son of Sultan Mahmud Shah II. Raja Kecil hired an assassin to kill Sultan Abdul Jalil IV and enthroned himself as Sultan of Johor. However, Raja Kecil’s reign was short lived, as Sultan Abdul Jalil’s son, Sultan Sulaiman (r. 1722 – 1760) reclaimed the throne with the help of the influential Bugis personality, Daeng Parani. After Sultan Sulaiman had been enthroned as the Sultan of Johor, Daeng Merewah, Daeng Parani’s brother, was appointed as the Yam Tuan Muda or the heir presumptive to the throne. In 1819, Johor sultanate was divided into Johor mainland and Riau-Lingga territory. Sultan of Johor maintained their control over Johor mainland, while Riau-Lingga territory was given to the Bugis clan.

Riau Lingga Noblemen and Sultan Sulaiman II of Johor

Riau-Lingga Noblemen and Sultan Sulaiman II of Johor

After the loss of Riau-Lingga, Johor continued to evolve into a modern sultanate. During the reign of Sultan Abu Bakar of Johor (1833 – 1895; r. 1862 – 1895), he established a British-style administration and a state constitution, and therefore was known as the Father of Modern Johor. Johor joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and the Federation of Malaysia in 1963.

 

Johor Monarchy System

Sultan Ibrahim Ismail of Johor and his wife, Raja Zarith Sofia

Sultan Ibrahim Ismail of Johor and his wife, Raja Zarith Sofia

Johor adopts a hereditary and constitutional monarchy system. The current Sultan of Johor is Sultan Ibrahim Ismail (1958 – present; r. 2010 – present). He inherited the throne from his father, Sultan Iskandar (1932 – 2010; r. 1981 – 2010).

 

Negeri Sembilan

Monarch022

 

Brief History

Negeri Sembilan's Coat of Arms

Negeri Sembilan’s Coat of Arms

Negeri Sembilan was a tributary state of Malaccan sultanate. After Malacca fell to Portuguese power, the state came under the protection of Johor sultanate. In the 14th century, citizens from Minangkabau in Sumatra migrated to Negeri Sembilan. Therefore, unlike other states, the majority of people in the Negeri Sembilan adopted a matrilineal system, which is a characteristic of Minangkabau society. In the 18th century, Johor sultanate had to deal with internal matters, and could not protect Negeri Sembilan from the Bugis attacks. Therefore, Negeri Sembilan sought protection from Sultan Abdul Jalil Pagar Ruyung in Minangkabau, who later sent his son Raja Melewar as his representative.

Raja Melewar, the first ruler of Negeri Sembilan

Raja Melewar, the first ruler of Negeri Sembilan

However, when Raja Melewar arrived in Negeri Sembilan, he found that another party called Raja Khatib had declared himself as the ruler of Negeri Sembilan. Raja Melewar declared war on the new king, dethroned Raja Khatib, and enthroned himself as the ruler of Negeri Sembilan. Johor sultanate recognised Raja Melewar (r. 1773 – 1795) as Negeri Sembilan’s ruler and granted him the title Yamtuan Seri Menanti or ‘He Who is the Highest Lord of Seri Menanti’. After the passing of Raja Melewar, the selection of the subsequent rulers often resulted in civil war and instability, as there were competing interests and supports to various claimants to the throne. In 1873, the British decided to protect their interests in Negeri Sembilan by intervening in the civil war. Subsequently, the region fell under British occupation. Negeri Sembilan joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and the Federation of Malaysia in 1963.

 

Negeri Sembilan Monarchy System

The current Yang di-Pertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan, Tuanku Muhriz, and his wife Tuanku Aishah Rohani

The current Yang di-Pertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan, Tuanku Muhriz, and his wife Tuanku Aishah Rohani

Negeri Sembilan adopts an elective and constitutional monarchy system. The ruler of Negeri Sembilan is called Yang di-Pertuan Besar or ‘He Who Is Made Great’. He is elected by the Ruling Chiefs of Negeri Sembilan, also known as Undang, for life. The following are the list of Undang who have the right to vote, but do not have the right to stand for election:

  • The Undang of Sungai Ujong
  • The Undang of Jelebu
  • The Undang of Johol
  • The Undang of Rembau

In order for a candidate to be eligible for Yang di-Pertuan Besar office, the candidate must be male, Muslim, and recognised as the descendant of Raja Radin Ibni Raja Lenggang. The current Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan is Tuanku Muhriz (1948 – present; r. 2008 – present).

 

Pahang

Monarch026

 

Brief History

Pahang Sultanate’s Coat of Arms

Pahang’s Coat of Arms

The first Sultan of Pahang was Muhammad Shah (r. 1470 – 1475). He was the heir presumptive to the Malaccan throne before being banished to Pahang by his father, Sultan Mansyur Syah (r. 1459 – 1477) for committing a murder. Pahang was under the authority of several kingdoms, namely, Srivijaya, Majapahit, Siam, and Malacca. In the 16th century, Pahang became a subject of interest for the Portuguese, Dutch, Johor, and Aceh. In the 17th century, Pahang became one of Johor sultanate’s territories. However, considering that the rulers of Pahang are descended from the Malaccan and Johor royal families, they managed to gain some degree of autonomy from Johor sultanate. During the reign of Bendahara Tun Ali of Pahang (r. 1806-1847), peace and stability were maintained. Unfortunately, after he passed away, his sons, Tun Mutahir (r. 1858 – 1863) and Tun Ahmad argued about who had the right to inherit the throne and initiated a civil war. Tun Ahmad (r. 1863 – 1881) was later enthroned as the new sultan, but his authority was significantly reduced because he was forced to submit to the British administration.

After Johor sultanate lost the Riau-Lingga region to the Bugis, Temenggung Ibrahim of Johor signed a treaty with Bendahara Tun Mutahir of Pahang (r. 1858 – 1863), which stated that Temenggung Ibrahim and his descendants reserved the rights to rule over the state of Johor, while Bendahara Tun Mutahir and his descendants reserved the rights to rule over the state of Pahang. After the treaty was signed, Pahang became independent of Johor. Pahang joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and the Federation of Malaysia in 1963.

 

Pahang Monarchy System

The current Sultan of Pahang, Ahmad Syah and his wife Sultanah Kasom Binti Abdullah

The current Sultan of Pahang, Ahmad Syah and his wife Sultanah Kasom Binti Abdullah

Pahang is currently the 3rd largest state in Malaysia. Pahang adopts a hereditary and constitutional monarchy system. The current ruler of Pahang state is Sultan Ahmad Shah (r. 1974 – present). He inherited the throne from his father, the late Sultan Abu Bakar of Pahang (1904 – 1974; r. 1932 – 1974).

 

Perlis

Monarch029

 

Brief History

Perlis's Coat of Arms

Perlis’s Coat of Arms

Perlis was originally part of Kedah sultanate. In the 19th century, when Kedah was under Siamese rule, Siam separated Perlis from Kedah and installed its governor and deputy governor. On 20th May 1843, the Siamese enthroned Sayyid Hussain Jamalulail as Raja of Perlis (r. 1843 – 1873), an equivalent of a king or ruler. The new Raja was the maternal grandson of the Sultan of Kedah. Similar to Kedah sultanate, in the early 20th century, Siam was forced to give up some of its territories to the British’s authority, including Perlis. Perlis was returned to Siamese rule temporarily during the World War II as a reward for Siam’s alliance with Japan. After Japan lost the war, Perlis was returned to Britain. Perlis joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and the Federation of Malaysia in 1963.

 

Perlis Monarchy System

The current Raja Sirajuddin of Perlis and his wife, Tuanku Fauziah

The current Raja Sirajuddin of Perlis and his wife, Tuanku Fauziah

Perlis adopts a hereditary and constitutional monarchy system. Unlike most the other Malaysian states, the monarchs of Perlis are called Raja instead of Sultan. The current Raja of Perlis is Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Jamalullail (1943 – present; r. 2000 – present). He inherited the throne from his father, the late Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail (1920 – 2000; r. 1945 – 2000).

 

Perak

Monarch032

 

Brief History

Perak’s Coat of Arms

Perak’s Coat of Arms

After Malacca had fallen into Portuguese control in 1511, the son of the Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Syah I, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II, established Perak sultanate in 1528, and enthroned himself as the first Sultan of Perak. The Dutch arrived in Perak in the mid-17th century and used their connection with Aceh to force the Sultan of Perak to sign a treaty that would allow the Dutch to build plants and trade in Perak. However, since the Dutch failed to establish a good rapport with the Perak residents, the people of Perak destroyed the plant and forced the Dutch to leave. In 1670, the Dutch managed to gain the Perak ruler’s permission to build a Fortress on Pangkor Island known as Kota Belanda. However, 15 years later, the people of Perak attacked the fortress and forced the Dutch to close their operations in Perak once again.

In the 19th century, the British forced Perak to submit to its authority and installed Sultan Abdullah as the new king of Perak, and a British official, James W. W. Birch was commissioned to administer the sultanate. Unfortunately for Mr. Birch, he was murdered by the Perak people. The British, unhappy with the incident, exiled Sultan Abdullah to Seychelles, and installed a new king, Sultan Yusuf Sharifudin Mudzaffar Shah in 1877. The British installed a new official who was proficient in the Malay language and familiar with local culture, Sir Hugh Low. He was more successful as the administrator of Perak than his predecessor. Perak joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and the Federation of Malaysia in 1963.

Sultan Yusuf Sharifudin Mudzaffar Shah with Sir Hugh Low

Sultan Yusuf Sharifudin Mudzaffar Shah with Sir Hugh Low

 

Perak Monarchy System

Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah of Perak and his wife, Tuanku Zara Salim

Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah of Perak and his wife, Tuanku Zara Salim

Perak adopts an elective and constitutional monarchy system. The ruler is elected among the most senior princes who are the descendants of Sultan Ahmaddin (r. 1786- 1806), the 18th Sultan of Pahang. Therefore, the male descendants from the previous Sultan are also eligible to be the reigning monarch of Perak. The current Sultan is Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah of Perak (1956 – present; r. 2014 – present).

 

Selangor

Monarch036

 

Brief History

Selangor Sultanate’s Coat of Arms

Selangor’s Coat of Arms

Selangor was part of the Malaccan kingdom. After the Portuguese annexed Malacca, Johor, Aceh and Siam attempted to claim Selangor territory, but they were unsuccessful. When the Dutch arrived in Malacca, they invited Bugis settlers to come to Selangor, and the newcomers displaced the existing Minangkabau settlers. The rulers of Selangor sultanate were descended from the Bugis settlers who claimed to be related to the Luwu rulers in Sulawesi. The first Sultan of Selangor was Sultan Sallehuddin Shah, also known as Raja Lumu (1705 – 1778; r. 1756 – 1778), the son of a Bugis warrior, Daeng Chelak. The rulers of Perak and Johor initially challenged the enthronement of Sultan Sallehuddin Shah, but he managed to gain some level of legitimacy through the marriage with a member of the Perak royal family. In the 19th century, the exploitation of tin resources in Selangor resulted in economic prosperity. During the reign of Sultan Muhammad Shah (r. 1826 – 1857), Selangor was divided into five territories: Bernam, Kuala Selangor, Kelang, Langat, and Lukut, each with their individual leaders.

Sultan Abdul Samad of Selangor (1804 – 1898; r. 1857 – 1898)

Sultan Abdul Samad of Selangor (1804 – 1898; r. 1857 – 1898)

In 1866, Sultan Abdul Samad, also known as Raja Abdul Samad (1804 – 1898; r. 1857 – 1898), favoured Raja Abdulah as the ruler of Klang instead of Raja Mahadi, the son of the previous ruler. This appointment triggered the Klang War. Sultan Abdul Samad’s son-in-law, Tengku Kudin, was given the task to manage the situation. Tengku Kudin enlisted the help of mercenaries, Pahang sultanate, and Sir Andrew Clarke from Britain. Because of this, unlike other states, Selangor invited and welcomed British involvement. Sultan Abdul Samad also accepted a British resident, Frank Swettenham, as his adviser. The stability that followed under the British administration resulted in prosperity for the state of Selangor. Selangor joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and the Federation of Malaysia 1963. Sultan Salahuddin of Selangor (1926 – 2001; r. 1960 – 2001) consented to hand over Kuala Lumpur to the Federal Government in 1974, and Putrajaya in 2001.

 

Selangor Monarchy system

Sultan Sharafuddin of Selangor (centre)

Sultan Sharafuddin of Selangor (centre)

Selangor state adopts a hereditary and constitutional monarchy system. The current Sultan is Sharafuddin of Selangor (1945 – present; r. 2001 – present). He inherited the throne from his father, the late Sultan Salahuddin of Selangor.

 

Terengganu

Monarch040

 

Brief History

Terengganu’s Coat of Arms

Terengganu’s Coat of Arms

Terengganu was originally a vassal state of Malaccan sultanate and later of Johor sultanate. It also stood out as the first state in the Malay region to accept Islam as its religion, as recorded in the Terengganu Inscription Stone. In 1725, Terengganu became an independent sultanate under Tun Zainal Abidin (r. 1725 – 1733), a relative of Sultan of Johor. In the 19th century, the political power shifted, and Terengganu became a tributary state of Siam and had to regularly send Bunga Mas or Golden Flowers and other valuable gifts to the Siamese kingdom. Terengganu prospered during this period, since the Siamese gave them considerable autonomy to govern themselves. In the 20th century, Terengganu became a tributary state of Britain. The British empire forced Terengganu sultanate to accept a British adviser. However, this manoeuvre was unpopular amongst the locals. Siam re-acquired control over Terengganu briefly during the Japanese occupation, but the state was returned to the British empire after World War II. Terengganu joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and later Malaysia in 1963.

Bunga Mas, a gift from tributary state to Siam in the 19th century

Bunga Mas, a gift from tributary state to Siam in the 19th century

 

Terengganu Monarchy System

The current Sultan of Teregganu, Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin, and his family

The current Sultan of Teregganu, Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin, and his family

Terengganu adopts a hereditary and constitutional monarchy system. The current Sultan is Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu (1962 – present; r. 1998 – present). He inherited the throne upon the death of his father, the late Sultan Mahmud (1930 – 1998; r. 1979 – 1998).

 
Sources:

  • http://thecommonwealth.org/our-member-countries/malaysia/history
  • http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/malaysia.htm
  • http://www.countryreports.org/country/Malaysia.htm
  • http://www.countryreports.org/country/Malaysia/government.htm
  • http://www.countryreports.org/country/Malaysia.htm
  • http://www.wonderfulmalaysia.com/malaysia-history-and-historical-facts.htm
  • http://www.kln.gov.my/web/guest/history
  • http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2016/10/11/rulers-to-choose-next-yang-dipertuan-agong/
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yang_di-Pertuan_Agong
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarchies_of_Malaysia
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kedah_Sultanate
  • http://factsanddetails.com/southeast-asia/Malaysia/sub5_4c/entry-3672.html
  • http://www.malaysianbar.org.my/constitutional_law/powers_and_functions_of_state_rulers.html
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johor_Sultanate\
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johor
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kedah_Sultanate
  • https://www.facebook.com/notes/dravidian-keyboard-warriors/kesultanan-negeri-kedah-kedah-sultanate-invasion-of-chola-kadaram-kondan-conquer/1085195028161653/
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Kedah
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kelantan
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan_of_Kelantan
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negeri_Sembilan
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pahang
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan_of_Pahang
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Bakar_of_Pahang
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmad_Shah_of_Pahang
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perak
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdul_Samad_of_Selangor
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salahuddin_of_Selangor
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmud_of_Terengganu
  • http://www.terengganu.gov.my
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elective_monarchy

 
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6 Responses to Monarchy System in Malaysia

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  1. Samfoonheei on May 18, 2017 at 4:51 pm

    Wonderful write up….which i do enjoyed reading.It refreshed my history subject of all the Malaysian states which i studied during my school days. A very comprehensive details of all the Sultans in Malaysia and their monarchy system.
    I am proud to be from the state of Pahang.Pahang is currently the 3rd largest state in Malaysia with so many beautiful place of interest.A state with beautiful beaches and green forest where Kechara Forest Retreat is situated.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this article so more to know and understand about monarchy system in Malaysia.

  2. wan wai meng on Jan 20, 2017 at 3:13 am

    I really enjoyed reading about the Sultan in each state, and the development of their own unique systems of ascending to power. If Thailand is any guess, then having a King that is forward thinking and works hard for the people can contribute a lot to the country. I suppose unlike the olden days, the monarchy system is non existent except from a handful of countries on this planet. So the monarchy system is no longer the norm and is a unique feature in any country now.

  3. Fong on Dec 19, 2016 at 11:36 am

    As a Kedahan, i like all Kedahans love our Sultan and Sultanah very much. They were the kindest and nicest royalty I have ever met. Even in a small town school, they always found the time to visit every year on prize giving day and were always gracious during their visits. These visits on prize giving day really inspired us to work harder so that we were able to receive a prize from the hands of the Sultan – such a highlight of our year in school.

    Thank you for this wonderful write-up. It brought back so much beautiful memories. All these information were taught to us in our school day but have forgotten some along the way.

  4. Sharon Ong on Dec 6, 2016 at 11:16 am

    Thank you for this comprehensive compilation on all the Sultans in Malaysia, Rinpoche. This post is very useful for students and all who need information about Malaysia’s monarchy system. Interesting to note that the Sultan of Kedah, Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah, become our Agung twice in his lifetime.

    As a Malaccan, it is a bit sad that our own Sultanate did not survive to this day. After all, Parameswara did make Malacca into a very prosperous port and had good relations with China with the spice and silk trade.

  5. Datuk May on Dec 3, 2016 at 5:18 pm

    Thank you Rinpoche for this very informative article on the Monarchy System in Malaysia.

    The system of electing the constitutional monarch as Head of State in Malaysia is very democratic and every member of the royal household or sultanate gets an opportunity to be the king or Yang diPertuan Agong of Malaysia. This also makes the Monarchy like the presidents of other countries which have a specific duration of tenure. For the Malaysian Monarch the tenure is 5 years.

    I noticed from this article the current King (sultan of Kedah) had been king before during the period 1970 to 1975. He is also the nephew of Malaysia’s First Prime Minister, Tengku Abdul Rahman, an outstanding statesman and politician who fought for and gained independence for Malaysia in 1957.

  6. Stella Cheang on Dec 2, 2016 at 3:54 pm

    This article is apposite as some of our overseas friends would be interested to find out about the rulers of this beautiful land of Malaysia. The colorful and multi-cultural Malaysia has its roots embedded in the evolution of the Malay Kingdoms since the 15th century when these kingdoms were the trading hub of the region. Today, with the moving of times, the monarchy system in Malaysia had taken a modern form, nonetheless the rulers are respected by the nation. Thank you Rinpoche for this informative article.

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  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, May 10. 2024 02:57 PM
    A card and hard disc from Sean Wang was truly a smart idea afterall. Nobody could imagine such idea but he did it. Placing thumb drives with millions and billions of Vajrayogini her holy mantra in Tibetan into the holy statue. Not only that drawing pictures too . Such a great idea whereby people come to make offerings, prostrate, circumambulate, collecting huge amount of merits for themselves and their love ones. Thanks to Sean Wang/
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/letters-cards-gifts/seans-got-a-great-idea.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Friday, May 10. 2024 02:55 PM
    Reading this blog kindly reminded us of the most cherished people in our lives that’s our parents. Mother’s Day that is on this Sunday 12th of May and Father’s Day falls on the third Sunday in June. Teachers Day too important ……a day to honour and recognise their roles in our lives. Rinpoche always emphasised that we should not avoid the responsibility of repaying the kindness of the people who have helped us in our life. The only true way to honour and repay their kindness is to let them know that their kindness meant a lot to us . Do something good for them or someone else as this practice ultimately gives enormous power and possibilities for positive effects in many lives not just our own life. Simple saying thank you and expressing our appreciation can go a long way.
    Reading all those powerful quotes by Rinpoche gives us a lesson and example.
    Thank you Rinpoche and writers team for sharing

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/celebrating-kindness-20-quotes-from-tsem-rinpoche.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, May 8. 2024 06:11 PM
    Achi Chökyi Drölma is the Dharma Protector of the Drikung Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism. She also appears as a protector in the Karma Kagyu refuge tree as Achi Chodron. Although Achi has a particular committment to protect the Drikung Kagyu, she is recognized and practiced by all lineages of Tibetan Buddhism. To benefit the beings in samsara, she displays a limitless number of manifestations at different times and in different space dimensions. She vowed to protect the Drikung Kagyu lineage and its practitioners, removing inner and outer obstacles , a revered figure in Tibetan Buddhism, embodies the harmonious union of compassion, wisdom, and protective energy. a powerful wisdom-protector who guards and protects all sincere Dharma-practitioners to rely on her. She is also known for her power to confer wealth. She rose to protect Drikung Kagyu lineage while Dorje Shugden who rose to protect the Gelug teaching. Interesting read.
    Thank you Rinpoche and Gen Lobsang Phuljung for this interesting write up

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/achi-chokyi-drolma-chief-protectress-of-the-drikung-kagyu.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, May 8. 2024 06:00 PM
    Dorje Shugden is a special Dharma Protector who quickly fulfils wishes and sincere prayers. He brings healing, harmony and peace; protects from harm and obstacles and attracts opportunities for success and growth. To promote the practice of Dorje Shugden, Kechara has came up a easy way for more people to understand the Powerful Practice. Presented in six different languages as such in English, Tibetan བོད་ཡིག, Chinese 中文, Hindi हिंदी, Tamil தமிழ், Nepali नेपाली so everyone could access. All those materials were distributed to visitors free of charge at all Kechara outlets. Looking at those pictures of visitors says all of how Kechara had spreads the practice of Dorje Shugden like wild fire. More people will get to know and understand the true stories and benefits of Dorje Shugden.
    Thank you Rinpoche and writers for this great sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/kechara-spreads-the-practice-of-dorje-shugden.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, May 8. 2024 05:57 PM
    For the last 60 years, the Tibetan Government-in-Exile has exploited, abused, marginalised and persecuted their people. For the first time in six decades, since the Tibetans first entered a life in exile, we are seeing more and more examples of ordinary Tibetans speaking up against this exploitation. In years gone past, Tibetans would never have dared to voice their objections to the leadership. They have been mixing religion and politics ever since. A majority of the Tibetans in India are stateless, and been sufferings quietly. Hundreds of thousands of Tibetans were killed during the Chinese invasion, prompting the young Dalai Lama to flee into exile in 1959. Because of all the exploitation the younger Tibetan generation are willing to express and speaking up.
    Reading the commentary by a anonymous member of the Tibetan community tells us how those desperate Tibetans experienced all this while and to voice the truth. Interesting read. In order to achieve peace it is necessary to address the root of violence and conflict by having dialogue between the Chinese Government and the Tibetan Government.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/tibetan-refugee-youth-speaking-up.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, May 8. 2024 05:55 PM
    Coming up with these informative website is a great work of Rinpoche and writers team. With these website it had many people get to understand more of Tibetan Buddhism , great teachers teachings and of course all about the practice of Dorje Shugden. I am one of them , its was this website I got to know , learn, and understand about Tibetan Buddhism and Dorje Shugden.
    Thank you Rinpoche with folded hands and writers team .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/fantastic-new-dorje-shugden-website-launched.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, May 8. 2024 05:53 PM
    The legendary Ra Lotsawa Dorje Drak was born in the village of Nyenam,Southern Tibet amidst many auspicious signs of a high rebirth. Ra Lotsawa was a great tantric master and is one of the most controversial Buddhist teachers in Tibetan history who had used wrathful means to subjugate his opponents. One of the previous lives of Dorje Shugden is the renowned lama Ra Lotsawa Dorje Drak, Amongst his great deeds, Ra Lotsawa was known to have renovated many with Samye, Tibet’s first monastery. He also sponsored numerous new translation works, the copying and recitation of sacred scriptures, and the installation of Buddha statues. Interesting read of the biography of this great master. Ra Lotsawa Dorje Drakpa left behind a legacy of many great lamas, practitioners and preserving, as well as spreading this tantric system in Tibet.
    Thank you Rinpoche and Pastor David for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/ra-lotsawa-dorje-drakpa-tibetan-master-of-the-vajrabhairava-tantra.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, May 8. 2024 05:51 PM
    Dorjé Shukden is a controversial Tibetan Buddhist protector deity, believed by some to be a wrathful spirit and by others to be an enlightened Buddha. The controversy that arose from this divided understanding over the last fifty years has impacted the Tibetan Buddhist community globally and continues to be relevant to observers and practitioners of Buddhism the world over. The Yellow Book, based on its cover. It was composed by Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche in 1970, but it was not published until 1973. Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche never intended for his book to be published but somehow it was published without his permission. According to the introduction, Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche authored this book in 1970 based on teachings given by Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche, the junior tutor to the 14th Dalai Lama.The original intention of this book was to be complementary material to Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche’s book, Music Delighting An Ocean of Protectors, which was published six years before the Yellow Book. The Yellow Book did not circulate widely until several years later. It is a collection of cautionary tales and teachings but sadly some influential powerful officials and people who had corrupted the Gelug lineage . Interesting read.
    I am looking forward to finish reading this book.
    Thank you Rinpoche and Martin for this interesting sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/dr-christopher-bells-views-on-zemey-rinpoches-yellow-book.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Saturday, May 4. 2024 06:15 PM
  • Samfoonheei
    Saturday, May 4. 2024 06:13 PM
    Firebirds are mythical birds found in the folklore of many cultures. They are often depicted as magical birds with feathers that glow like flames or the sun. The mythology surrounding firebirds varies between cultures, but there are some common themes. In Greek mythology, the mythical bird known for its ability to be reborn from its ashes, symbolizing immortality and renewal. It is often depicted as a beautiful and majestic creature with brightly coloured feathers and a long tail. Interesting read of the stories related to the mythology, legend and folklore in this blog.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/beautiful-1000-armed-avalokitesvara.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Saturday, May 4. 2024 06:13 PM
    Wow….such a stunning sacred image 1,000 Armed Avalokitesvara as gift from Joshua and family for Rinpoche . More so receiving it on Wesak Day is indeed wonderful. Merely looking at this stunning images is a blessing. Its such a meaningful and beautiful gift.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/beautiful-1000-armed-avalokitesvara.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Saturday, May 4. 2024 06:09 PM
    For thousands of years a mystical paradise land hidden within the Himalayan Mountains called Shambhala also known by many names. For many generations, people have attempted to search for this paradise land of spiritual evolution.According to the legend, Shambhala is a place of peace and happiness. The existence of Shambhala is mentioned in the old scripture. There are many legends associated with the location of Shambhala. There are many great meditators that have travelled astrally to this beautiful paradise place sharing and describe their experiences. Reading through this interesting article again and again to understand better.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/the-mythical-land-of-shambhala.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Saturday, May 4. 2024 06:07 PM
    Cham Dance is the traditional dance of Tibetans. It involves a series of masked dances, which are usually performed by monks and laymen, wearing colourful costumes. These dances are vibrant and lively and are performed during annual festivals. Dorje Shugden Cham dance is one of them, is said to have originated in the Himalayan range and by far the date and year are kept as a treasured secret to this date. The Dorje Shugden cham dance is rare but not an obscure lineage; there are certain monasteries in Tibet who have practised this dance for hundreds of years. Dorje Shugden Cham dance is a colourful and impressive performance, performed by Buddhist monks who practiced Dorje Shugden. The Cham dance is very powerful and through the dance which depicts the truth of Dorje Shugden.There are a few variations of accounts on the history and the lineage of Dorje Shugden, written by various attained lamas in the last 350 years. Collected works on Dorje Shugden written by His H H Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche considered the most accurate account. As describes clearly how Dorje Shugden for many lifetimes had manifested high level Mahasiddhas. Dorje Shugden and his entourage of thirty-two deities are all depicted in the Cham dance as a World Peace Protector. Interesting read.
    Thank you Rinpoche great sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/travel/dorje-shugden-cham-dance-in-nyemo-gyelche-monastery-tibet.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Saturday, Apr 20. 2024 04:08 PM
    Momo is a dumpling made of all-purpose flour and filled with either meat or vegetables. Inspired by Tibetan dumplings, the dish is a very popular Nepali street food. It is one of my favourite foods. Last year while in Kathmandu I am fortunate given the opportunity to learn and made vegetarian Momos.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing as it reminds me of trip there visiting some of the Holiest sites and trying my hand making momos then.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/students-friends/making-nepalese-momos.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Saturday, Apr 20. 2024 04:06 PM
    Bouddha, also known as Boudhanath, is a stupa in Kathmandu, Nepal which is located about 11 km from outskirts of Kathmandu. Its massive mandala makes it one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal and the world. The Boudhanath Stupa pyramid is coated with over 60 pounds of gold, is one of the largest and one of the most significant Buddhist monuments in the world. This great Stupa is home to precious relics and this semi-circular structure stands out with its majestic mandala, recognized by UNESCO in 1979 as a World Heritage Site. The Boudhanath is the most sacred sites in Tibetan Buddhism outside of Tibet, reflecting the cosmological tenets of Buddhism. Was there last year June joining thousands of pilgrims circumambulate the stupa.
    The aerial view of this Boudhanath Stupa is magnificent indeed. Looking merely at the pictures is a blessing.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/art-architecture/aerial-view-of-bodha-stupa.html

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According to legend, Shambhala is a place where wisdom and love reign, and there is no crime. Doesn\'t this sound like the kind of place all of us would love to live in? https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=204874
4 years ago
According to legend, Shambhala is a place where wisdom and love reign, and there is no crime. Doesn't this sound like the kind of place all of us would love to live in? https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=204874
108 candles and sang (incense) offered at our Wish-Fulfilling Grotto, invoking Dorje Shugden\'s blessings for friends, sponsors and supporters, wonderful!
4 years ago
108 candles and sang (incense) offered at our Wish-Fulfilling Grotto, invoking Dorje Shugden's blessings for friends, sponsors and supporters, wonderful!
Dharmapalas are not exclusive to Tibetan culture and their practice is widespread throughout the Buddhist world - https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=193645
4 years ago
Dharmapalas are not exclusive to Tibetan culture and their practice is widespread throughout the Buddhist world - https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=193645
One of our adorable Kechara Forest Retreat\'s doggies, Tara, happy and safe, and enjoying herself in front of Wisdom Hall which has been decorated for Chinese New Year
4 years ago
One of our adorable Kechara Forest Retreat's doggies, Tara, happy and safe, and enjoying herself in front of Wisdom Hall which has been decorated for Chinese New Year
Fragrant organic Thai basil harvested from our very own Kechara Forest Retreat farm!
4 years ago
Fragrant organic Thai basil harvested from our very own Kechara Forest Retreat farm!
On behalf of our Puja House team, Pastor Tat Ming receives food and drinks from Rinpoche. Rinpoche wanted to make sure the hardworking Puja House team are always taken care of.
4 years ago
On behalf of our Puja House team, Pastor Tat Ming receives food and drinks from Rinpoche. Rinpoche wanted to make sure the hardworking Puja House team are always taken care of.
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By the time I heard about Luang Phor Thong, he was already very old, in his late 80s. When I heard about him, I immediately wanted to go and pay my respects to him. - http://bit.ly/LuangPhorThong
It\'s very nice to see volunteers helping maintain holy sites in Kechara Forest Retreat, it\'s very good for them. Cleaning Buddha statues is a very powerful and effective way of purifying body karma.
4 years ago
It's very nice to see volunteers helping maintain holy sites in Kechara Forest Retreat, it's very good for them. Cleaning Buddha statues is a very powerful and effective way of purifying body karma.
Kechara Forest Retreat is preparing for the upcoming Chinese New Year celebrations. This is our holy Vajra Yogini stupa which is now surrounded by beautiful lanterns organised by our students.
4 years ago
Kechara Forest Retreat is preparing for the upcoming Chinese New Year celebrations. This is our holy Vajra Yogini stupa which is now surrounded by beautiful lanterns organised by our students.
One of the most recent harvests from our Kechara Forest Retreat land. It was grown free of chemicals and pesticides, wonderful!
4 years ago
One of the most recent harvests from our Kechara Forest Retreat land. It was grown free of chemicals and pesticides, wonderful!
Third picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
5 years ago
Third picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
5 years ago
Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
First picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
5 years ago
First picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
The first title published by Kechara Comics is Karuna Finds A Way. It tells the tale of high-school sweethearts Karuna and Adam who had what some would call the dream life. Everything was going great for them until one day when reality came knocking on their door. Caught in a surprise swindle, this loving family who never harmed anyone found themselves out of luck and down on their fortune. Determined to save her family, Karuna goes all out to find a solution. See what she does- https://bit.ly/2LSKuWo
5 years ago
The first title published by Kechara Comics is Karuna Finds A Way. It tells the tale of high-school sweethearts Karuna and Adam who had what some would call the dream life. Everything was going great for them until one day when reality came knocking on their door. Caught in a surprise swindle, this loving family who never harmed anyone found themselves out of luck and down on their fortune. Determined to save her family, Karuna goes all out to find a solution. See what she does- https://bit.ly/2LSKuWo
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
5 years ago
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
5 years ago
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
5 years ago
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
5 years ago
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat\'s land here in Malaysia
5 years ago
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat's land here in Malaysia
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
5 years ago
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
5 years ago
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
5 years ago
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
5 years ago
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
Sacred Vajra Yogini
5 years ago
Sacred Vajra Yogini
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
5 years ago
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
5 years ago
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha\'s mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
5 years ago
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha's mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha\'s. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
5 years ago
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha's. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
5 years ago
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
5 years ago
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
This is pretty amazing!

First Sri Lankan Buddhist temple opened in Dubai!!!
5 years ago
This is pretty amazing! First Sri Lankan Buddhist temple opened in Dubai!!!
My Dharma boy (left) and Oser girl loves to laze around on the veranda in the mornings. They enjoy all the trees, grass and relaxing under the hot sun. Sunbathing is a favorite daily activity. I care about these two doggies of mine very much and I enjoy seeing them happy. They are with me always. Tsem Rinpoche

Always be kind to animals and eat vegetarian- https://bit.ly/2Psp8h2
5 years ago
My Dharma boy (left) and Oser girl loves to laze around on the veranda in the mornings. They enjoy all the trees, grass and relaxing under the hot sun. Sunbathing is a favorite daily activity. I care about these two doggies of mine very much and I enjoy seeing them happy. They are with me always. Tsem Rinpoche Always be kind to animals and eat vegetarian- https://bit.ly/2Psp8h2
After you left me Mumu, I was alone. I have no family or kin. You were my family. I can\'t stop thinking of you and I can\'t forget you. My bond and connection with you is so strong. I wish you were by my side. Tsem Rinpoche
5 years ago
After you left me Mumu, I was alone. I have no family or kin. You were my family. I can't stop thinking of you and I can't forget you. My bond and connection with you is so strong. I wish you were by my side. Tsem Rinpoche
This story is a life-changer. Learn about the incredible Forest Man of India | 印度“森林之子”- https://bit.ly/2Eh4vRS
5 years ago
This story is a life-changer. Learn about the incredible Forest Man of India | 印度“森林之子”- https://bit.ly/2Eh4vRS
Part 2-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
5 years ago
Part 2-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
Part 1-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
5 years ago
Part 1-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
The great Protector Manjushri Dorje Shugden depicted in the beautiful Mongolian style. To download a high resolution file: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
5 years ago
The great Protector Manjushri Dorje Shugden depicted in the beautiful Mongolian style. To download a high resolution file: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
The Mystical land of Shambhala is finally ready for everyone to feast their eyes and be blessed. A beautiful post with information, art work, history, spirituality and a beautiful book composed by His Holiness the 6th Panchen Rinpoche. ~ https://bit.ly/309MHBi
5 years ago
The Mystical land of Shambhala is finally ready for everyone to feast their eyes and be blessed. A beautiful post with information, art work, history, spirituality and a beautiful book composed by His Holiness the 6th Panchen Rinpoche. ~ https://bit.ly/309MHBi
Beautiful pictures of the huge Buddha in Longkou Nanshan- https://bit.ly/2LsBxVb
5 years ago
Beautiful pictures of the huge Buddha in Longkou Nanshan- https://bit.ly/2LsBxVb
The reason-Very interesting thought- https://bit.ly/2V7VT5r
5 years ago
The reason-Very interesting thought- https://bit.ly/2V7VT5r
NEW Bigfoot cafe in Malaysia! Food is delicious!- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
5 years ago
NEW Bigfoot cafe in Malaysia! Food is delicious!- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
DON\'T MISS THIS!~How brave Bonnie survived by living with a herd of deer~ https://bit.ly/2Lre2eY
5 years ago
DON'T MISS THIS!~How brave Bonnie survived by living with a herd of deer~ https://bit.ly/2Lre2eY
Global Superpower China Will Cut Meat Consumption by 50%! Very interesting, find out more- https://bit.ly/2V1sJFh
5 years ago
Global Superpower China Will Cut Meat Consumption by 50%! Very interesting, find out more- https://bit.ly/2V1sJFh
You can download this beautiful Egyptian style Dorje Shugden Free- https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
5 years ago
You can download this beautiful Egyptian style Dorje Shugden Free- https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
Beautiful high file for print of Lord Manjushri. May you be blessed- https://bit.ly/2V8mwZe
5 years ago
Beautiful high file for print of Lord Manjushri. May you be blessed- https://bit.ly/2V8mwZe
Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
5 years ago
Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
5 years ago
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
5 years ago
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
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    This dog thanks his hero in such a touching way. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Join Tsem Rinpoche in prayer for H.H. Dalai Lama’s long life~ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYy7JcveikU&feature=youtu.be
    5 years ago
    Join Tsem Rinpoche in prayer for H.H. Dalai Lama’s long life~ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYy7JcveikU&feature=youtu.be
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    5 years ago
    These people going on pilgrimage to a holy mountain and prostrating out of devotion and for pilgrimage in Tibet. Such determination for spiritual practice. Tsem Rinpoche
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    5 years ago
    Get ready to laugh real hard. This is Kechara’s version of “Whatever Happened to Baby Jane!” We have some real talents in this video clip.
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Just post your name and your question below and one of our pastors will provide you with an answer.

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CHAT PICTURES

We hope you enjoyed our pictures, as much as we enjoyed our Wesak Day together in Penang. Let us carry the energy and enthusiasm we experienced so far and inspires many more. Happy Wesak Day! 22/5/2024 KPSG by Jacinta
14 hours ago
We hope you enjoyed our pictures, as much as we enjoyed our Wesak Day together in Penang. Let us carry the energy and enthusiasm we experienced so far and inspires many more. Happy Wesak Day! 22/5/2024 KPSG by Jacinta
Puja offering packages. Thanks to those who sponsored the puja. May all your wishes be fulfilled. KPSG by Jacinta
21 hours ago
Puja offering packages. Thanks to those who sponsored the puja. May all your wishes be fulfilled. KPSG by Jacinta
Colourful altar with plenty of offerings. We had DS puja with Praise to Buddha Shakyamuni as we celebrate this special day of Buddha's Birth, Enlightenment and Parinirvana. KPSG by Jacinta
21 hours ago
Colourful altar with plenty of offerings. We had DS puja with Praise to Buddha Shakyamuni as we celebrate this special day of Buddha's Birth, Enlightenment and Parinirvana. KPSG by Jacinta
Some of the activities done during the Wesak Day Celebration in Penang. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
22 hours ago
Some of the activities done during the Wesak Day Celebration in Penang. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Wesak Day Celebration in Penang!Buddha's Bathing Ritual. 22/5/2024 Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
22 hours ago
Wesak Day Celebration in Penang!Buddha's Bathing Ritual. 22/5/2024 Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Kechara Penang Appreciation Day! 18th May 2024. The commitment, effort and dedication given will inspire & benefit many more. None of us wants recognition but sometimes a day like this will push us to do more and grow spiritually.
4 days ago
Kechara Penang Appreciation Day! 18th May 2024. The commitment, effort and dedication given will inspire & benefit many more. None of us wants recognition but sometimes a day like this will push us to do more and grow spiritually.
Kechara Penang Appreciation Day! 18th May 2024. The commitment, effort and dedication given will inspire & benefit many more. None of us wants recognition but sometimes a day like this will push us to do more and grow spiritually. We're like a close-knit family, supporting each others and help out whenever we can.
4 days ago
Kechara Penang Appreciation Day! 18th May 2024. The commitment, effort and dedication given will inspire & benefit many more. None of us wants recognition but sometimes a day like this will push us to do more and grow spiritually. We're like a close-knit family, supporting each others and help out whenever we can.
Kechara Penang Appreciation Day. 18th May 2024. A special day to honour our regular members. You all deserve a shout-out!!! Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
4 days ago
Kechara Penang Appreciation Day. 18th May 2024. A special day to honour our regular members. You all deserve a shout-out!!! Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Jam-packed! Penang Gompa was crowded with puja attendees, fruits, flowers, food and many other offerings. First time ever but definitely will not be the last. Perhaps it's time for bigger Gompa _/\_. 18th May 2024. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
4 days ago
Jam-packed! Penang Gompa was crowded with puja attendees, fruits, flowers, food and many other offerings. First time ever but definitely will not be the last. Perhaps it's time for bigger Gompa _/_. 18th May 2024. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
11/5/2024 Saturday @3pm. After puja, all members helped out clearing the offerings and we shared out the blessed food offerings with our families, friends and even animals. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
4 days ago
11/5/2024 Saturday @3pm. After puja, all members helped out clearing the offerings and we shared out the blessed food offerings with our families, friends and even animals. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
11/5/2024 Saturday @3pm. Activities during puja. Members chanting Dorje Shugden mantras. We've completed Dorje Shugden puja cum Namasangiti. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
4 days ago
11/5/2024 Saturday @3pm. Activities during puja. Members chanting Dorje Shugden mantras. We've completed Dorje Shugden puja cum Namasangiti. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
11/5/2024, Saturday @3pm. Activities : Offerings of khata to Rinpoche, garland of flowers to Dorje Shugden and a new Tibetan butterlamp being offered on the altar. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
4 days ago
11/5/2024, Saturday @3pm. Activities : Offerings of khata to Rinpoche, garland of flowers to Dorje Shugden and a new Tibetan butterlamp being offered on the altar. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
Today we have an inaugural cancer free diet talk and info sharing by Mr. Ooi. Mr. Ooi is a Penangite and like any other man, he has a family to provide for. From colon cancer stage 4,he is now known as a cancer-free man. Learn more about his story and his acquaintance with Dorje Shugden here https://youtu.be/x7i-yXJBUwM?si=A-5O0udxjg52iS58
3 weeks ago
Today we have an inaugural cancer free diet talk and info sharing by Mr. Ooi. Mr. Ooi is a Penangite and like any other man, he has a family to provide for. From colon cancer stage 4,he is now known as a cancer-free man. Learn more about his story and his acquaintance with Dorje Shugden here https://youtu.be/x7i-yXJBUwM?si=A-5O0udxjg52iS58
Kind-hearted sponsors sponsored these kuih-muih & flowers for today's puja @ 4th May, 2024. Should you wish to contribute these or sponsor our weekly puja, do contact us for more details. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
3 weeks ago
Kind-hearted sponsors sponsored these kuih-muih & flowers for today's puja @ 4th May, 2024. Should you wish to contribute these or sponsor our weekly puja, do contact us for more details. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Pastor Seng Piow guides us on the flow of Dorje Shugden puja, its benefits, significant of Chanting the names of Manjushri and also explaining the dedication for the sponsors and to those in need before we start the puja as we have 2 newcomers today.
1 month ago
Pastor Seng Piow guides us on the flow of Dorje Shugden puja, its benefits, significant of Chanting the names of Manjushri and also explaining the dedication for the sponsors and to those in need before we start the puja as we have 2 newcomers today.
Two Pastors in da house! Double the merits, double the happiness. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
1 month ago
Two Pastors in da house! Double the merits, double the happiness. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
Mr. Cheah Fook Wan offered lights and incense to The Three Jewels prior to the puja in Ipoh. (KISG - Kin Hoe)
1 month ago
Mr. Cheah Fook Wan offered lights and incense to The Three Jewels prior to the puja in Ipoh. (KISG - Kin Hoe)
Kechara Ipoh Study Group has carried out Mother Tara prayer recitations on Sunday afternoon in Ipoh. (KISG- Kin Hoe)
1 month ago
Kechara Ipoh Study Group has carried out Mother Tara prayer recitations on Sunday afternoon in Ipoh. (KISG- Kin Hoe)
Powerful Dorje Shugden puja @ Jalan Seang Tek, Penang. Every Saturday, 3 pm. Remove obstacles and grant blessings to fulfil wishes. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta. 6th April 2024
2 months ago
Powerful Dorje Shugden puja @ Jalan Seang Tek, Penang. Every Saturday, 3 pm. Remove obstacles and grant blessings to fulfil wishes. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta. 6th April 2024
Rejoice to the volunteers (also kind sponsors) who cleaned the Gyenze Chapel and made abundant offerings to Gyenze. ~ Alice
2 months ago
Rejoice to the volunteers (also kind sponsors) who cleaned the Gyenze Chapel and made abundant offerings to Gyenze. ~ Alice
Offered beautiful flowers abundantly to Gyenze. ~ Alice
2 months ago
Offered beautiful flowers abundantly to Gyenze. ~ Alice
Offered beautiful flowers abundantly to Gyenze. ~ Alice
2 months ago
Offered beautiful flowers abundantly to Gyenze. ~ Alice
Our weekly Dorje Shugden Puja @ 23/3/2024 . William, as the umze is seen here burning incense powder as we are about to recite the Sangsol Prayer to Dorje Shugden composed by Ganden Serkong. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
2 months ago
Our weekly Dorje Shugden Puja @ 23/3/2024 . William, as the umze is seen here burning incense powder as we are about to recite the Sangsol Prayer to Dorje Shugden composed by Ganden Serkong. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
And here's Mr Wong of KSK Ipoh who dropped by to pray and offered some donation to the Chapel. Kechara Penang Study Group. Pic by Siew Hong & uploaded by Jacinta.
2 months ago
And here's Mr Wong of KSK Ipoh who dropped by to pray and offered some donation to the Chapel. Kechara Penang Study Group. Pic by Siew Hong & uploaded by Jacinta.
Today's puja (16/3/2024) ended around 420pm, Jacinta was the umze of the day. Pic by Siew Hong. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
2 months ago
Today's puja (16/3/2024) ended around 420pm, Jacinta was the umze of the day. Pic by Siew Hong. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Group photo taken after the last session, sealed with King of Prayers. Come and join us next time! Sayonara - 9-10th March 2024 - Kechara Penang DS Retreat by Jacinta.
2 months ago
Group photo taken after the last session, sealed with King of Prayers. Come and join us next time! Sayonara - 9-10th March 2024 - Kechara Penang DS Retreat by Jacinta.
Abundance altar! Fruits, flowers, Mee Koo (traditional Penang buns), Bee Hoon, sourdoughs and snacks are some of the offerings to Rinpoche, Buddhas & Bodhisattvas. Kechara Penang Dorje Shugden Retreat 9-10th March, 2024 by Jacinta.
2 months ago
Abundance altar! Fruits, flowers, Mee Koo (traditional Penang buns), Bee Hoon, sourdoughs and snacks are some of the offerings to Rinpoche, Buddhas & Bodhisattvas. Kechara Penang Dorje Shugden Retreat 9-10th March, 2024 by Jacinta.
Siew Hong, one of retreatants and an active member of Kechara Penang group proudly presented her torma to be used during the Kalarupa puja. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
2 months ago
Siew Hong, one of retreatants and an active member of Kechara Penang group proudly presented her torma to be used during the Kalarupa puja. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
Torma making was taught by Pastor Seng Piow and held one day before the retreat. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
2 months ago
Torma making was taught by Pastor Seng Piow and held one day before the retreat. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
Penang Dorje Shugden Retreat cum Puja, 9-10th March 2024 led by Pastor Seng Piow with 12 retreatants. Uploaded by Jacinta
2 months ago
Penang Dorje Shugden Retreat cum Puja, 9-10th March 2024 led by Pastor Seng Piow with 12 retreatants. Uploaded by Jacinta
The celebration ended with a Dorje Shugden puja, dedicated to all the sponsors, our loved ones and as well as for the happiness & good health for all sentient beings. May Rinpoche return swiftly too and taking this opportunity wishing all Happy Chinese New Year and Gong Xi Fa Cai from all of us, Kechara Penang Study Group. Uploaded by Jacinta.
3 months ago
The celebration ended with a Dorje Shugden puja, dedicated to all the sponsors, our loved ones and as well as for the happiness & good health for all sentient beings. May Rinpoche return swiftly too and taking this opportunity wishing all Happy Chinese New Year and Gong Xi Fa Cai from all of us, Kechara Penang Study Group. Uploaded by Jacinta.
Seen here, Pastor Seng Piow set off firecrackers - welcoming of the upcoming year with enthusiasm and positive energy. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
3 months ago
Seen here, Pastor Seng Piow set off firecrackers - welcoming of the upcoming year with enthusiasm and positive energy. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
In this pic, Pastor Seng Piow is sharing Dharma with newbies ~ Sharyn's friends. It's always good to make light offerings at the beginning of new year. By making light offerings, you are able to dispel the darkness of ignorance and achieve wisdom. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
3 months ago
In this pic, Pastor Seng Piow is sharing Dharma with newbies ~ Sharyn's friends. It's always good to make light offerings at the beginning of new year. By making light offerings, you are able to dispel the darkness of ignorance and achieve wisdom. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
One the day of Losar (new lunar year), it is always beneficial for Buddhist practitioners to get together in making abundant offerings to Buddhas on the altar to usher in goodness, prosperity and well-being of our loved ones. It's more auspicious this year as Losar and the Chinese New Year begin on the same date, 10th Feb, 2024. Back in Penang, our Kechara members came together to decorate the altar with abundance offerings for Dorje Shugden puja @3pm. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
3 months ago
One the day of Losar (new lunar year), it is always beneficial for Buddhist practitioners to get together in making abundant offerings to Buddhas on the altar to usher in goodness, prosperity and well-being of our loved ones. It's more auspicious this year as Losar and the Chinese New Year begin on the same date, 10th Feb, 2024. Back in Penang, our Kechara members came together to decorate the altar with abundance offerings for Dorje Shugden puja @3pm. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Mr. Dared Lim was offering water bowls on behalf of Kechara Ipoh Study Group. (Kin Hoe)
4 months ago
Mr. Dared Lim was offering water bowls on behalf of Kechara Ipoh Study Group. (Kin Hoe)
Jun from Ipoh was offering mandarin oranges to Mother Tara and The Three Jewels. (Kin Hoe)
4 months ago
Jun from Ipoh was offering mandarin oranges to Mother Tara and The Three Jewels. (Kin Hoe)
Prior to our puja in Ipoh, Mr. & Mrs. Cheah Fook Wan were preparing for the offerings to the Buddhas. (Kin Hoe)
4 months ago
Prior to our puja in Ipoh, Mr. & Mrs. Cheah Fook Wan were preparing for the offerings to the Buddhas. (Kin Hoe)
On Sunday afternoon, Kechara Ipoh Study Group has carried out Mother Tara prayer recitations in Ipoh. (Kin Hoe)
4 months ago
On Sunday afternoon, Kechara Ipoh Study Group has carried out Mother Tara prayer recitations in Ipoh. (Kin Hoe)
Some of the best shots taken during Thaipusam in Penang. Swee Bee, Huey, Tang KS, Nathan, Choong SH and Jacinta volunteered. Wai Meng came all the way from KL to help out. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
4 months ago
Some of the best shots taken during Thaipusam in Penang. Swee Bee, Huey, Tang KS, Nathan, Choong SH and Jacinta volunteered. Wai Meng came all the way from KL to help out. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
Simple yet powerful ally ~ Bhagawan Dorje Shuden. Kechara Penang Study Group consists of Chien Seong, Hue, Choong SH, Tang KS, Swee Bee and Jacinta. Wai Meng came all the way from KL to help out. Uploaded by Jacinta.
4 months ago
Simple yet powerful ally ~ Bhagawan Dorje Shuden. Kechara Penang Study Group consists of Chien Seong, Hue, Choong SH, Tang KS, Swee Bee and Jacinta. Wai Meng came all the way from KL to help out. Uploaded by Jacinta.
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Dorje Shugden
Click to watch my talk about Dorje Shugden....