The Dharma Protector Begtse Chen

Jan 21, 2020 | Views: 2,860
A thangka of Begtse Chen. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

A thangka of Begtse Chen. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

The practice of ‘Dharmapalas‘, literally meaning ‘Dharma Protectors’ in Sanskrit, was introduced to Tibet during the period of the north Indian Pala Dynasty. It was an era of territorial conquests and Dharma Protectors were used by both secular and religious authorities to protect the State and religion. Dharmapalas are not exclusive to Tibetan culture and their practice is widespread throughout the Buddhist world. Mirroring the secular setup of a country’s ruler and their generals who protect their borders, Dharmapalas protect sincere practitioners of the Buddha’s teachings from all forms of negativity and hindrances in order that they can transform themselves into kinder, compassionate, wiser and therefore more spiritual people.

Many Buddhist practitioners propitiate Dharmapalas for protection from obstacles and dangers as well as to mitigate the effects of ripened or ripening negative karma. This is, however, a narrow description of the role of Dharma Protectors. In fact, the functions of Dharma Protectors are much more than what has been mentioned and the specific functions of these Dharmapalas in relation to Buddhism will be discussed in greater detail in the sections below.

 

Begtse with his retinue. Image credit: Collection of the Zanzibar Museum of Fine Arts. Click on image to enlarge.

Begtse with his retinue. Image credit: Collection of the Zanzibar Museum of Fine Arts. Click on image to enlarge.

The law of karma is a universal law. Karma can be described, in simplistic terms, as the opening of an energy that we have sent out to others in this life and previous lives. This leads to our needing to experience the results of this energy returning to us whether in this present life or in future lives. We create and experience both positive karma and negative karma due to our ignorance of the true nature of reality, which is empty of inherent existence. Naturally, all of us only wish to experience the effects of good karma and we fear the effects of negative karma.

The experiences of the ripening of negative karma can be frightening. It might return in the form of illness, depression, material loss, accidents, falls, etc. Intellectually, we can understand that we will experience the results of our karma, including the inevitability of death as we are aware of our mortality, but most of us do not know the subtle levels of cause and effect. We will definitely reap the positive or negative effects of karma either in this life or in our future rebirths.

Karma cannot be stopped apart from when we reach the exalted state of enlightenment. When we reach that state we are no longer bound to the law of karma but transcend it entirely. In the meantime however, it can be diverted before it opens by purifying it through use of the Four Opponent Powers:

  1. Taking refuge in the Three Jewels (Buddha, Dharma and Sangha)
  2. Sincerely regretting our negative actions
  3. Engaging in actions that remedy or purify the karma we created
  4. Generating the strong resolve to not engage in that action again

There are many practices that we can engage in to purify our negative karma such as Vajrasattva, prostrations, water offering, mandala offering, meditation on emptiness, making offerings, and serving your Guru, to name a few. The effectiveness of these practices are multiplied when done in conjunction with the Four Opponent Powers.

A statue of Begtse Chen. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

A statue of Begtse Chen. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

On the path to gaining enlightenment, we must purify our karma. According to the law of cause and effect, karma can be purified or mitigated and even exhausted through purification practices. If we do not purify our karma, we cannot progress towards the enlightened state because karma, especially on the subtlest levels, obscures our ability to gain realisations that lead to that state.

Within the Tibetan tradition, there are many competent masters who, having tested the methods and their effects in the light of their experience, are able to teach us many practices that are effective in helping us to overcome our problems. One of the methods is by invoking the aid of spiritual beings who have the powers to intercede and to help in matters that are beyond our control, namely having to experience the effects of ripening karma. This gives us the ability and time to purify the negative karma, so we do not need to experience its effects in the future. These spiritual beings have the power of clairvoyance, compassion, wisdom and skillful means.

When we invoke upon their power and compassion, they are able to effect a change in the circumstances of our lives and even in our mind. This can happen when we have the positive karma and or spiritual merit to support the presence of a powerful spiritual being in our lives. They can be enlightened spiritual beings such as Shakyamuni Buddha, Tara, Marici, Mahakala, etc., or even unenlightened spiritual beings who have vowed to help practitioners in this manner. However, unenlightened beings propitiated in this manner only have the ability to help us with our physical circumstances; they do not have the ability to aid us in mental, emotional and spiritual matters, like the enlightened beings can.

One class of beings who can assist us in clearing obstacles towards our practice are beings known as Dharma Protectors. There are three categories of Dharma Protectors:

  1. Enlightened beings who are emanations of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, appearing in enlightened forms
  2. Enlightened beings who manifest as unenlightened or ordinary beings, and
  3. Unenlightened beings who have sworn an oath of allegiance to the Dharma and thus, are bound by oath to assist people
Manjushri in the form of Dorje Shugden manifests as a Dharma Protector of Je Tsongkapa’s teachings, to preserve the lineage and the practitioners who have entered into the teachings of the Second Buddha, Je Tsongkapa. Click on image to enlarge.

Manjushri in the form of Dorje Shugden manifests as a Dharma Protector of Je Tsongkapa’s teachings, to preserve the lineage and its practitioners. Click on image to enlarge.

When it comes to unenlightened beings, many highly attained masters in Tibet have connected with and contained the power of unenlightened mountain deities and devas that have existed for hundreds of years. Thus, they are able to tap into the energies of these beings. These energies can either be positive or negative but they are contained and the deities are forced to perform positive actions that are beneficial.

Lamas are able to tap into the power of these beings because they really do exist. They can be devas, mountain deities, or powerful people who have passed away, etc., who are subdued and bound by oath so that they can become Protectors. Many texts and scriptures have been written about tapping into these energies to help us connect with these spiritual beings.

On the other hand, enlightened Dharma Protectors are emanations of enlightened beings such as Four-Faced Mahakala, considered to be an emanation of Manjushri as well as Six-Armed Mahakala, who is considered an emanation of Avalokiteshvara or Kwan Yin. Others are emanations of Vajrapani, Samantabhadra and so on. The power of these Protectors is always positive, direct and obvious.

Enlightened Dharma Protectors are a source of refuge and can provide the circumstances to assist us to achieve high spiritual attainments and even enlightenment itself, whereas unenlightened Dharma Protectors can only help to alleviate our obstacles and create conducive conditions that are favourable to our spiritual practice. It is important to remember that in order to receive the protection of a Dharmapala, we have to be consistent in our main practice which is our daily prayers to our Yidam (meditational deity) or our Guru Yoga practice. Dharma Protector practice supports this main practice.

 

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Origin of Begtse Chen

A thangka of Padmasambhava as central figure. Click for high-resolution image

The earliest Dharma Protectors found in the Mahayana and Theravada traditions were heavily influenced by Indian/Hindu traditions. In Tibet and later in Mongolia, many local frightening and harmful spirits were added to the pantheon of Dharma Protectors as the practice of using Dharma Protectors developed, and these spirits were subdued to never harm again.

Powerful masters such as Padmasambhava tamed these spiritual beings and bound them by oath to protect the Dharma and its practitioners. This practice of using Dharma Protectors extended to territorial conflicts in Tibet, Mongolia and Central Asia. It was not uncommon to conscript the enemy’s powerful protectors and turn them against their original masters to defeat them. This secular tactic however, does not adhere to the true function of Dharma Protectors, which is to aid spiritual practice.

This was the time when Trisong Detsen, the King of Tibet, was engaged in his mission to unify parts of Tibet and further establish the practice of Buddhism in the county. He invited the great Indian master Shantarakshita to Tibet in order to establish a community of ordained monks in Tibet. The master however, was beset with calamities caused by powerful and malevolent beings who did not want the Dharma to spread there. It was then that the king invited the tantric adept, Padmasambhava, to subdue these beings and put them under oath to protect the Dharma. One such being was Pehar Gyalpo, colloquially referred to as Nechung. Contrary to many accounts that Begtse Chen is a subdued being from Mongolia, he is in fact a Dharma Protector of Indian origin. Begtse Chen is also known simply as Begtse, or as Trichapa Chamsing (Tibetan), Prana Atma (Sanskrit), and Jamsran (Mongolian). Colloquially, he is sometimes also referred to as Red Mahakala.

Begtse is an enlightened Dharma Protector belonging to a group called the Eight Wrathful Ones. This grouping is particular of the Gelug tradition and denotes a group of wrathful deities, rather than just a group of all Dharma Protectors. This group consists of two Yidams or meditational deities, four enlightened or wisdom Dharma Protectors and two worldly Dharma Protectors. Their names are as follows:

Meditational Deities:

Wisdom Protectors (enlightened Dharma Protectors):

Worldly Protectors (unenlightened Dharma Protectors):

  • Vaishravana riding a lion
  • Tsangpa Karpo
Mongolian ritual mask of Begtse. Image credit: Artribune. Click on image to enlarge.

Mongolian ritual mask of Begtse. Image credit: Artribune. Click on image to enlarge.

Begtse’s practice began in India and entered Tibet due to the efforts of Nyen Lotsawa in the 11th Century. Begtse, also known as Trichapa Chamsing, is a Dharma Protector that became widely propitiated by the Sakya and Kagyu Schools in the 11th Century through the work of Marpa Lotsawa and Sachen Kunga Nyingpo.

He is is considered an important enlightened protector and while he remains one of the more important protectors in the Sakya School, his practice has virtually disappeared from the Kagyu tradition. However, it was embraced by the Gelug School of Lama Tsongkhapa and subsequently became popular in the 17th Century in Mongolia, a region that predominantly follows the Gelug tradition. Begtse is also the main Dharma Protector associated with the Hayagriva tantric meditation practice.

 

Different Tales of Begtse’s Origination

Tsarchen Losal Gyatso

According to the Sakya Lama Tsarchen Losal Gyatso, in a previous life, two sons were born into the family of King Sergyi Shugchen and Queen Upale Ke. The older son was called Dragden and the younger son’s name was Draggye. In this former life, Begtse was the younger of the two sons.

The two brothers had constant arguments over their different religious beliefs. They held many debates with the ruling that the loser would have to follow the winner’s religion. Despite losing, the younger brother refused to concede and instead ran away. The older brother caught him and tried to punish him, but the younger brother said,

“Even if you try to kill me I will not accept your religion, please let me go and I promise in the future when you reach enlightenment, I will protect your teachings.”

The older brother released him and gave him a set of copper armour, a coral stick, a bow and an arrow; and he also gave him the name Sogdag Yamshi Marpo. Then they parted ways.

In this form Ekajati is regarded as the mother of Mahakala. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

In this form Ekajati is regarded as the mother of Mahakala. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

In another lifetime, the older brother became Buddha (Shakyamuni) while the younger brother was born in the North West Marutse Cemetery. His father’s name was Nujin Zangki Ralpachen and his mother’s name was Sinmo Dragi Ralpachen. The parents laid two eggs, one of them was coral, the other one was “se” (an agate-like stone). The two eggs flew into the sky, attacking many gods, then they flew down under the earth, attacking the nagas. They even threatened their own parents.

The parents asked Ekajati, Mahakala’s mother, for protection and Ekajati threw her katvanga (ritual staff) at the eggs and broke them apart. From the coral egg, a coral man with yellow hair came out. He was wearing copper armour, carrying a copper sword, bow and arrow, and a coral stick. He said: “My name is Sogdag Yamshi Marpo/

From the other egg, a blue goddess came out. She had shell teeth, turquoise eyebrows, and her hair was made of fire. She was wearing an agate and lapis lazuli necklace. In her hands were a copper knife and a phurba (a ritual three-sided dagger) and she was riding a man-eating bear. Ekajati subdued them both and together they became the Dharma Protectors, Begtse and his consort, Rigpay Lhamo.

Another depiction of H.H the 3rd Dalai Lama, Sonam Gyatso. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

A depiction of H.H. the 3rd Dalai Lama, Sonam Gyatso. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

There is another version of how Begtse originated. According to the Mongolian Sayang Secen’s Precious Summary, Begtse was subdued by Sonam Gyatso, the Third Dalai Lama of Tibet. When Sonam Gyatso was traveling to Mongolia to meet with Altan Khan, Begtse used demons in the form of animals as obstructions on his journey.

Sonam Gyatso, in response, took the form of the Four-Armed Avalokiteshvara and his horse’s hoofs left imprints of the mantra OM MANI PADME HUM on the ground. Begtse immediately conceded defeat at the sight of the mantra and converted to Buddhism.

However, it should be noted that in the biography of the First Dalai Lama, Gendun Drub (1391-1474), it was mentioned that Begtse was already being worshipped during his rule, well before Sonam Gyatso became the Third Dalai Lama.

 

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Appearance

Iconography of Begtse

In his iconography, Begtse is represented as red in colour with one face and two hands, wearing protective armour like a Tibetan warrior.

An 18th century statue of Begtse Chen. Image credit: Rubin Museum of Art, New York (USA). Click on image to enlarge.

An 18th century statue of Begtse Chen. Image credit: Rubin Museum of Art, New York (USA). Click on image to enlarge.

He stands surrounded by flames of pristine awareness on a lotus base, with his right leg bent on the corpse of a horse and left leg extended on the corpse of a human, a typical stance for wrathful deities.

He has three wide open protruding eyes and a wrathful countenance on his face. Four fangs appear in his open mouth.

Begtse wears a crown of five skulls, red silk garments and a garland made of freshly severed heads. On his chest is a mirror with the seed syllable, BRAM.

His right hand brandishes a scorpion-handled sword, and his left hand holds the heart of the enemy (representing the death of our ego). In the crook of his arm, there is a bow and arrow with a banner, and a long lance rests on his shoulder. Occasionally, he is represented holding both a heart and kidneys in his left hand.

 

His Consort, the Goddess of Life (Rigpay Lhamo)

A brass figure of Begtse’s consort, Rigpay Lhamo, the Goddess of Life. Click on image to enlarge.

A brass figure of Begtse’s consort, Rigpay Lhamo, the Goddess of Life. Click on image to enlarge.

His consort, the Goddess of Life, is depicted with a red face and three eyes, four fangs, a half-open mouth and a naked dark blue body.

In the right hand, she holds aloft a sword and in the left, she holds an iron phurba, a three-sided dagger, threatening adversaries. She wears ornaments made of bone.

As her mount, she rides a bear clutching a human corpse in its jaws, riding over a sea of blood.

She is Begtse’s constant companion and is usually depicted riding her mount on his right side.

 

His Son, the Lord of Life

Lord of Life, son of Begtse. Click on image to enlarge.

Lord of Life, son of Begtse. Click on image to enlarge.

Usually depicted to Begtse’s left is his son, the Lord of Life, red in colour with one face and two hands, dressed in similar attire as his father.

He holds a lasso in the right hand, ready to capture evil spirits and subdue them, and a spear in his left. He rides a rabid blue wolf. Sometimes he is depicted as holding a heart instead of a lasso.

 

His Retinue of Twenty-Nine

Begtse with his consort, son and entourage. Click on image to enlarge.

Begtse with his consort, son and entourage. Click on image to enlarge.

Surrounding the central figure is a retinue of 29 butcher demons.

The inner retinue consists of eight butchers or sword-bearers, red in colour, with one face and two hands. They are often included in Mongolian Tsam dances.

The outer retinue consists of 21 assassins draped in the skins of their enemies, holding various instruments and engaged in the work of carving the flesh and body parts from corpses.

There are, in total, 32 deities in Begtse’s mandala including Begtse himself, his consort, his son and 29 butcher demons.

 

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Tsam Dances and Begtse’s Role in Them

The Mongolian Tsam (Tibetan: Cham) dance is a complex mixture of art and religion that has its origins in Tibet. It has evolved with the influence of Mongolian culture to include more of the country’s character. It is the expression of mind, body and language integrated in the form of dance movements with chant melodies and meditation.

Gandantegchenling Monastery in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. Image credit: wikipedia. Click on image to enlarge.

Gandantegchenling Monastery in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. Image credit: wikipedia.
Click on image to enlarge.

Many different types of Tsam dances are practised in different monasteries throughout Mongolia. Tsam dancing was prohibited in 1937 but it was revived in 1992 at the Gandantegchenling Monastery in Ulaanbaatar.

Mongolian deity Begtse in a cham-dance. Image credit: wikimedia. Click on image to enlarge.

Begtse in a Mongolian Tsam dance. Image credit: wikimedia. Click on image to enlarge.

In 1836, the dance rituals and instructions of Tsam dancing were recorded in a handbook by the Head Abbot of Ikh Khuree. This manual contains all the teachings and rules related to Tsam. The other source regarding the practice of Khuree Tsam is found in a document kept in the National Archives of Mongolia.

Many Tsam dances are performed annually according to strict preparations by ordained monks who have to learn tantric rites and hold ceremonies to invite the various deities of the Tsam dance.

The popular Tsam dance that is practised in the Dashchoilin Monastery is the Ikh Khuree dance. Complex rituals and prayers are done by all the monks in the monastery to prepare for the performance. The preparations include four days of initiations and Begtse makes his appearance on the actual day of the performance as one of the three Dharma Protector deities accompanied by attendants.

 

Protector Deities, Begtse and Mongolian Heroes

Mongolia embraced Buddhism in the second half of the 16th Century and the spread of Buddhism subsequently evolved to include the widespread practice of protective deities to aid in the country’s military struggles. The frightening and majestic appearance of these protector deities, giving the impression of strength and power, came to be associated with the great Mongolian warriors and heroes of the past.

Click on image to enlarge

A thangka of Vajrapani as the central figure. Click on image to enlarge

Traditional Mongolian culture venerates hero warriors since they are seen as representations of bravery, strength and great virtue. As a result, fierce deity practices were easily absorbed into the culture. They became accepted not only as guardians of the State, its people and the Dharma but also as examples for Mongolian men to emulate.

These deities manifest according to whatever social and cultural circumstances require, although their fundamental characteristics remain unchanged. They will manifest as human heroes in times of danger and adversity. Their attributes are embodied in the human heroes and their virtuous deeds and accomplishments are to be emulated. Despite their ferocious forms and actions, they are considered to be a positive influence committed to eradicating evil and protecting the Dharma and those who uphold it. Through the example of their heroic activities, the Dharma Protectors reveal to the Mongolian warriors that they have the potential to achieve the same qualities in one lifetime.

In particular, Vajrapani and Begtse (better known as Jamsran in Mongolia) have become part of the Mongolian national and heroic culture. They are used in secular and religious ceremonies to expel and punish enemies of the State and Buddhism. In return, by Mongolian State decree, they are worshipped with offerings and eulogies in both religious and State ceremonies.

H.H. the 1st The First Dalai Lama, Gendun Drub. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

H.H. the 1st Dalai Lama, Gendun Drup. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

Begtse, believed to have been introduced to Mongolia in the 16th Century as Jamsran, is also popularly known in Mongolia as the Red Protector. He was already practised in Tibet as early as the 15th Century. The first recorded mention of Begtse is found in the biography of the First Dalai Lama, Gendun Drub. Together with his consort Rigpay Lhamo, Begtse was the guardian of the personal monastery of the Second Dalai Lama, Gendun Gyatso. It was during his role as the personal Dharma Protector of the Third Dalai Lama, Sonam Gyatso, in the latter half of the 16th Century that the worship of Begtse became widespread through the diffusion of Gelugpa teachings in Kham and Mongolia.

Begtse’s role as a prominent Dharma Protector in the Sakya and Kagyu traditions is reflected in prayers from the Hayagriva Tantra practised in those lineages. In addition, Begtse is also associated with the Tantric practice of Hayagriva in the Gelugpa tradition. Begtse is extolled as an emanation of Hayagriva’s mind in the Mongolian Hymn of Praise to Jamsran, composed by Badamjalbuuzal who praised his fiery temperament and role in Mongolia which were subsequently emulated by some of the most renowned Mongolian war heroes. Here is a section of the verses from the Hymn of Praise to Jamsran:

“Jee! I extol you, the Magnificent one, greatly fierce to all,
An emanation of the powerful Hayagriva’s mind,
(And) a supreme tutelary deity of the yogis,
Who performs a ferocious dance to tame various disrupters!

I extol you who disrupts the lives of the adversaries,
Who strikes a thunderbolt on the heads of those with deteriorated commitments,
Who grants the accomplishment of the supreme and ordinary siddhis
(Even) to those who have merely mentioned you!

I extol you, the military governor and hero,
Who wages war and flies a pennant,
Partake of the lungs and hearts of the saboteurs in your mouth,
(And) wield a greatly blazing copper sword against the enemy!

I extol you, who became a sister of the yogi
And the mother, Ulaan Kanshaart, who kills the adversary,
Who nakedly rides a dark blue bear,
(And) manifests the unbearable magic powers in the east!

I extol you, the fierce, red Lord of Life,
A consumer of the warm blood of the enemy’s heart,
Who visits the three worlds riding a jackal,
The essence of the friends who listen and act on the ordinance!”

(Prayer extracted from the article, What do Protective Deities, Mongolians and Fast Steeds have in Common? by Vesna A. Wallace.)

In one Mongolian confessional prayer, A Confession of Transgressions against Jamsran, he is seen as the “benevolent guru” who should be perceived as Vajradhara.

“Jee. Root Guru, be pleased with me,
I remorsefully confess the deeds accumulated through mistakes,
Wrongfully grasped by not having purified the view of the Self,
And the root of the accomplishment
To always see the benevolent guru as the Lord Vajradhara!”

(Prayer extracted from the article, What do Protective Deities, Mongolians and Fast Steeds have in Common? by Vesna A. Wallace.)

Some Gelugpa practitioners regard Begtse as an emanation of Amitabha or Yamantaka. In the Mongolian prayer to him, The Offering to the Red Protector he is invoked as a heroic “yaksa”, a military commander sworn to defy and conquer enemies and to punish those who break their commitments to him. The offering prayer starts with the following verses:

“Jee. Yaksa Jamsaran, I summon you,
The protector of Dharma,
By the order of the Victorious Vajradhara,

Come swiftly, without delay!

Hero, let us see (your) body
On the top of the human and equine corpses,
On the top of the southern lotus and the sun!
Prevail extremely strong!

Openly providing the sight of the external eyes,
The things of an inner pledge
And the torma offering,
I present to you who are transmuting (them).

I present to you a ritual cake of the varied, desirable abilities,
Of the supreme elixir,
And of thoroughly red blood and flesh,
Enjoying (it), accomplish the tasks!

I pay homage to you, fierce Yaksa,
Having a fierce and angry body,
The mandate song of the fierce dharani,
And the fierce mind, free of attachment.

Having worshipped you, Protector,
I pray, evoking you,
Becoming a safeguarding ally, and protecting
May you counteract the demons!

Completely accomplish the works,
Especially those mentioned!
May you grant the appropriate siddhi
That eliminates obstacles.

By the kindness of the splendid, precious Guru,
The tutelary deity and the dakinis,
The Dharma Protectors,
And you, Yaksa!

May the feet of the Holy Lama be firm!
May the Dharma of the Three Wheels blaze!
May my life and virtue increase!
May there be good fortune and happiness!”

(Prayer extracted from the article, “What do Protective Deities, Mongolians and Fast Steeds have in Common?” by Vesna A. Wallace.)

Begtse’s popularity in Mongolia peaked in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries which coincided with Mongolia’s struggle for independence from the Qing Dynasty and the People’s Republic of China. Although temples to Begtse were destroyed and his practice was forbidden during the Stalin era and during the socialist period, it has since been revived with the democratisation of Mongolia and the reinstatement of religious freedom. Annual prayer services to Jamsran are regularly performed in the Gandantegchenling Monastery in Ulaanbaatar, sponsored by the Ministry of Defense and Internal Affairs.

 

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Legends and Feats of Begtse

There are accounts of how Begtse emanated in various situations and even in human form throughout Mongolia’s history of strife and war.

 

Zanabazar

There is a story of how Begtse (Mongolian: Jamsran) came to the rescue of the first spiritual and political leader of the Khalkha Mongols, Zanabazar.

Zanabazar, the high saint of Mongolia (1635-1723). Click on image to enlarge.

Zanabazar was spending the night in the Golok region of Tibet when a thief stole seven of his horses. He was wondering why his Protector, Begtse had failed to guard his horses when a cloud of red dust announced the return of his stolen horses. Tied to the tails of two horses were fresh human heads, presumably belonging to the horse thieves.

When he realised that it was his Protector Begtse who accomplished what he himself was not able to do, Zanabazar offered serkym (golden drink offering) in gratitude.

With Begtse’s assistance, the delegation was able to safely arrive at Tashi Lhunpo Monastery in Shigatse, Tibet within a week. This incident inspired Zanabazar to compose the offering prayer to Begtse titled The Cloud of Offering the Goods to Dharma Protector, the Fierce Begtse.

Begtse is believed to have manifested various human and divine forms in Mongolian history. Some Mongolian war heroes who fought for Mongolian independence from the Qing Dynasty rulers and the Chinese Republic during the outbreak of World War I in the early 20th Century were deemed to be Begtse’s emanations. Begtse’s emanations were incapable of defeat. They could suppress oppression and defeat the enemies of the State.

Tashi Lhunpo Monastery. Image credit: wikipedia

 

Sandagdorjiin Magsarjav

A war hero, Sandagdorjiin Magsarjav, was recognised as a 20th Century emanation of Begtse. Magsarjav was never ordained or trained in a monastery. As a child, he heard many stories of legendary and epic war heroes and dreamt of being one. He realised his childhood dreams when, in 1921, he led a group of young men from various Mongolian tribes to liberate the western front from Qing Dynasty rule.

Click on image to enlarge

A thangka of Vajrapani as the central figure. Click for high resolution image.

Prior to the battle, Magsarjav was reported to have recited the fierce mantra of Vajrapani. Magsarjav’s martial acumen and courage were evident during the battle. After winning this battle, Magsarjav continued a ten-year war against the Chinese forces in his struggle for freedom and independence for Mongolia.

He was never defeated in about 30 small and large battles while fighting on horseback. There are gory details of Magsarjav’s extremely violent exploits which mirror Mongolia’s ancient martial tradition of tearing out the heart of dead enemies and drinking their blood.

In particular, this recalls Begtse’s image as mentioned in exhortations and prayers to him. However, Magsarjav was also known to do evening prayers to Tara with his soldiers and to pay homage to the banner of the protective deity, Begtse.

Between 1919 and 1920, Magsarjav built a monastery to Begtse which was popularly known as Khatanbaatar’s Monastery. It had a special temple dedicated to the worship of Begtse, the Red Protector. Prayers and offerings were made to him on a regular basis. As a result of his military victories and graphically violent tendencies on the battlefield, Magsarjav was said to be greatly feared by the Chinese military.

 

Video: A video of Magsarjav in Mongolian


Or view the video on the server at:
https://video.tsemtulku.com/videos/begtse-Magsarjav.mp4

 

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Lineage of Begtse’s Practice

Great learned masters have said that the pure lineage of whatever teaching we are studying is very important. If it is Tantra, its source should be Vajradhara and if Sutra, Guru Shakyamuni Buddha. As such, the lineage of Begtse is listed as follows:

Lineage from India:

  • Vajradhara
  • Mahadeva
  • Nyi Od Dragpa
  • Dawa Nagpo
  • Shridhara Krashu
  • Nyen Lotsawa Dharma Drag
  • Khau Chokyi Gyaltsen a.k.a. Lama Namkaupa
  • Sachen Kunga Nyingpo (1092-1158)

 

Vajradhara

Vajradhara is the primordial Buddha, the personification of the Dharmakaya, truth body of enlightenment and originator of Tantra.

An old thangka of Vajradhara as the central figure. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

An old thangka of Vajradhara as the central figure. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

The New (Sarma) Schools, from the 11th Century onwards, believe that Vajradhara is the secret, or inner, form of Shakyamuni Buddha and the combined essence of all the Buddhas of the ten directions and three periods of time gathered as one. In Highest Yoga Tantra, it is Vajradhara who emanates as the forms of the Five Dhyani Buddhas and Vajrasattva, followed by the meditational deities such as Guhyasamaja, Yamantaka, Shri Hevajra and Chakrasamvara.

The Guhyasamaja Tantra is actually one of the oldest Tantric systems to exist in written form arising from India. Holding particular significance for the Gelugpa school, Lama Tsongkhapa classified this Tantra as the main system of Father Tantras because it is so extensive that it actually provides the structure that is followed in all other Higher Yoga Tantra systems.

From Vajradhara, the lineage of Begtse was passed down until it reached Nyen Lotsawa and Marpa Lotsawa. Nyen Lotsawa gave it to Lama Namkaupa. Namkaupa gave it to Sachen Kunga Nyingpo, one of the Five Founding Patriarchs of the Sakya School. In this way, Begtse and his consort became Dharma Protectors of the Sakyapa.

 
Sachen Kunga Nyingpo

Sachen Kunga Nyingpo is the first of the Five Founding Patriarchs of the Sakya School. The five founding members were all members of the Khon Family who are credited with laying the foundation of the Sakya tradition. Sachen Kunga Nyingpo was recognised as the emanation of Avalokiteshvara and has strong associations with Manjushri, Bodhisattva of Wisdom due to his visions related to the deity.

An old statue of Sachen Kunga Nyingpo. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

An old statue of Sachen Kunga Nyingpo. Image credit: himalayanart.org. Click on image to enlarge.

He became the throneholder of Sakya Monastery at the age of 21. Significantly, Sachen Kunga Nyingpo received the Lamdre teachings, which would become the core of the Sakya tradition. He spent 18 years meditating on the teachings as instructed by his teacher, Zhangton Gonpaba Chobar, before he started teaching and writing extensively about the practice. Sachen Kunga Nyingpo is said to have been the first to record in writing the previously orally transmitted Vajra Verses, the foundational teachings of the Lamdre tradition attributed to the Mahasiddha Virupa, which were introduced to Tibet by Shakya Yeshe.

Later in life, Sachen Kunga Nyingpo went into a coma as a result of an attempt on his life using poison. He recovered but with a complete loss of memory. Later, he miraculously recovered his memory after he went into retreat. He subsequently died at the age of 67 in 1158 while he was living in the Kyabo Kadang Monastery of Jang.

Considered an emanation of Hayagriva, it is little surprise therefore that Begtse is the main Dharma Protector of all the Hayagriva Tantras and is propitiated within the long sadhana of Hayagriva Samdrub. This practice is especially popular within the Sakya and Gelug lineages, where it has been passed down from master to disciple until today. Within the Sakya lineage, Tsarchen Losel Gyatso is invoked as one of the main lineage masters while in the Gelug tradition, Lama Tsongkhapa is invoked as one of the main lineage masters. The power of this practice is reflected in the fact these two great lamas preserved the practice and spread it to others.

 

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Conclusion

Throughout the history of Tibetan Buddhism, Dharma Protectors have demonstrated their ability to come to the aid of practitioners who request for their assistance. They have shown great efficacy in adapting to circumstances and socio-cultural situations when they manifested in various forms to assist in times of peril and adversity.

The practice of Begtse originated in India but subsequently spread to regions sharing its borders such as Tibet and beyond. Mongolia, in particular, embraced the worship of Begtse whose fierce war-like characteristics and activities had a strong appeal for the Mongolians who traditionally venerated war heroes. Furthermore, Begtse became a figure whose qualities were emulated by Mongolian men who wanted to embody the much-admired traits of power, strength and virtue. Despite suppression and persecution, Begtse’s practice has survived and since the 1990s, it has become the mainstay of Protector practice in Mongolia.

 
Sources / References:

  • Collection of the Zanzibar Museum of Fine Arts
  • Vesna A. Wallace, Buddhism in Mongolian History, Culture and Society
  • https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/19083065.pdf
  • https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/complete-commentary-on-50-verses-of-guru-devotion.html
  • https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/h-h-kyabje-zong-rinpoches-commentary-on-guhyasamaja.html
  • Buddhism in Mongolian History, Culture, and Society edited by Vesna A. Wallace

 

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4 Responses to The Dharma Protector Begtse Chen

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  1. Samfoonheei on Feb 22, 2021 at 3:29 pm

    Begtse Chen, a deity of alien origin, was incorporated into the pantheon of Tibetan Buddhism as a protector of the Dharma. This Proyector is one of the eight famous Dharmapala in Tantric Buddhism. Also known as red Mahakala and is especially revered in Mongolia where the origin of Begtse Chen can be traced to a pre-Buddhist deity in 16th century. It has become the mainstay of Protector practice in Mongolia. Interesting read.
    Thank you for this sharing .

  2. Bradley Kassian on Feb 5, 2020 at 6:26 pm

    I enjoyed very much reading about Begtse Chen who is very much revered in Mongolia and is one of the main protectors of the various Tibetan Traditions. He is believed to have originated from India and is sometimes known as Red Mahakala. He has various origin stories but I really like the story of the Third Dalai Lama of Tibet subduing him with the mantra OM Mani Padme Hum well taking the form of Four-Armed Avalokiteshvara.

  3. Tsa Tsa Ong on Jan 24, 2020 at 1:57 pm

    I truly enjoyed reading this interesting write up about dharma protectors and the origin of Begtse Chen who is a subdued being from Mongolia, he is in fact a Dharma Protector of Indian origin. Begtse Chen is also known simply as Begtse, or as Trichapa Chamsing (Tibetan), Prana Atma (Sanskrit), and Jamsran (Mongolian). Colloquially, he is sometimes also referred to as Red Mahakala. According to the Sakya Lama Tsarchen Losal Gyatso, in a previous life, two sons were born into the family of King Sergyi Shugchen and Queen Upale Ke. The older son was called Dragden and the younger son’s name was Draggye. In this former life, Begtse was the younger of the two sons. The two brothers had constant arguments over their different religious beliefs. Looking forward to have this great topic on blog chat soon. Thank you very much Rinpoche and blog team for this wonderful article. ?????

  4. Samfoonheei on Jan 23, 2020 at 8:11 pm

    Begtse Chen is one of the main protectors of the Geluk School of Tibetan Buddhism and especially revered in Mongolia. The origin of Begtse Chen can be traced to a pre-Buddhist deity in 16th century . Begtse Chen is the main protector associated with the Hayagriva cycle of Tantric Deity meditation practice.
    In Tibetan Buddhism Begtse is believed to have originated in India. The practice entered Tibet with Nyen Lotsawa in the 11th century. As a protector deity that does battle with the forces of evil and the wicked and guards the righteous and faithful . His terrifying, monstrous face it appearance serves only to frighten demons and dark spirits away and serves as a beacon of justice as well as a guardian of wisdom to all who see and revere him. Their wrathful forms depicting their believed willingness to defend and guard everyone from dangers and enemies. Interesting read to understand better of this Dharma Protector.
    Thank you for this sharing.

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  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Dec 5. 2022 12:50 PM
    Chanting mantras is an ancient practice that calms our mind and soul. Scientific studies have found that chanting mantras even just for 10 minutes can decrease anxiety and depressive symptoms in the human body. Without us realising when we recite mantras, the synchronization help to improve brain function in long run. Even just listening to it mantras regulates blood pressure, the heart rate, brain waves and the adrenalin level. There are many benefits to mention and is extremely powerful when chant. Mantra has the power to sooth anxiety and create joyous feelings. I am so fortunate to learn and practice some of the Mantras. All thanks to Rinpoche.
    Thank you Pastor Loh Seng Piow for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/mantra-can-change-me.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Dec 5. 2022 12:49 PM
    A profound teachings by Geshe Rabten the first Tibetan Buddhist master to introduce the complete Vinaya-tradition to the West.The Venerable Geshe Rabten Rinpoche was a Tibetan debater, scholar, and meditation master and he also as known as Milarepa. His teachings of how the mind operates and concentrates been explained. There’s so many knowledge to learn from/
    Thank you Rinpoche for this great sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/the-perfection-of-concentration-by-geshe-rabten-rinpoche.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Dec 5. 2022 12:47 PM
    Everyone of us do get angry and annoyed , even shout but there’s always a reason for that. Revisit this old post again , HH Dalai Lama is totally honest with his reaction, he too shouts. HH Dalai Lama believed to be manifestations of Avalokiteshvara or Chenrezig, the Bodhisattva of Compassion. He is a man of peace where his words and shouting comes from pure compassion. Many believed he is purifying one’s negative karma using wrathful means by shouting. Everything he did solely to benefits others. Truly inspiring action.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/his-holiness-the-dalai-lama-shouts.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Nov 29. 2022 02:41 PM
    Watching the videos of once upon a time with Rinpoche by Pastor David had me understand more of Rinpoche . Truly a unique perspective of Rinpoche through the eyes of Pastor . Interesting indeed to know how Pastor came to meet Rinpoche to learning and many more. Coming to know Kechara had me changed to where I am now….learning, practicing Dharma. At the time of commenting this blog I am half way through watching the videos. Will watch all the interesting episodes from A to Z.
    Thank you Pastor David for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/once-upon-a-time-with-rinpoche.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Nov 29. 2022 02:40 PM
    Everyone has the right to freedom of expression and freedom of speech. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers. Thanks to Mr Matthew Sinclair for speaking up clearly with logic. Our world is diverse, acceptance and understanding are the keys to peace and harmony. We choose what we want to practice, no one can interfere with our choice of religion and beliefs. Mr. Matthew, for being open minded and wrote such a good letter that promote religion freedom and human rights. Everyone deserves a well respect on their religion. We should not simply condemn others because of their practice, their choice is theirs. Using the profession to influence and make false accusation rather statement on Dorje Shugden practitioners. Thank you Rinpoche ‘s sharing on Mr. Matthew Sinclair letter.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/guest-contributors/are-we-all-obliged-to-listen-to-the-dalai-lama.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Nov 29. 2022 02:37 PM
    Thank You Rinpoche for this précised teachings. Take responsibility of what we are doing in our life. Everyone of us go through difficult situations in life. But always think and behave in a more positive and optimistic way . Taking responsibility for our attitude, change our attitude, and the way we look at things that will change our life. Nobody’s perfect, we learned from mistakes , everybody’s got regrets. We say wrong things and we do wrong things and fall. We have to accept failure ,we learn from there and grow. Doing Dharma work and take whatever responsibility to improve ourselves. Doing Dharma work is to transform our minds , we are trapped in samsara through one life after another until we find awakening through enlightenment. We all have different strengths and weaknesses, so it’s important to embrace our imperfections and work on improving ourselves, helping and benefit others.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/why-do-they-do-dharma-work-like-that.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Nov 24. 2022 03:34 PM
    NASA’s planet-hunting Kepler spacecraft has confirmed the discovery of its first alien world. We are not alone on earth afterall. Researchers discovered detectable sign of extra-terrestrial life in the atmosphere of a rocky planet . Wow It’s so exciting to imagine the possibilities, of potential habitability and may be suitable for life. Even with that discovery Earth remains a standout, and is still the only planet known to host life. Scientists concluded that the possibility of the existence of alien life forms. I am sure in future scientists will discover more new discoveries of planet in the habitable zone.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/guess-what-was-found.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Nov 24. 2022 03:32 PM
    Wow… living a house with waterfall, greens, forests, clean air is everyone wish. Waterfalls are wonders of nature that humans have adored since ancient times. The sight, sound, and feel of waterfall have a positive impart on our mind. The beauty of waterfalls everywhere has been immense sources of inspiration for many such as thinkers, writers, philosophers, travel lovers and so forth. Sitting beside a waterfall and listening to the sound of waterfalls makes us happy.
    Well truly a masterpiece by Frank Lloyd Wright in terms of architecture and this designed Fallingwater has been called the best all-time work of American architecture. He believed in designing in harmony with humanity and the environment, and he truly appreciate their abundant beauty. Great work Frank Lloyd Wright.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/art-architecture/fallingwater-house-at-pennsylvania.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Nov 24. 2022 03:30 PM
    HuffPost is an American liberal news portal, with localized and international editions. Well this portal offers news, blogs, and also covers politics, business, entertainment, environment etc . It cannot be wrong when mentioned about the Dorje Shugden controversy. It is a practice that the greatest Gelugpa and Sakya masters have hailed as all-important, and they have preserved and passed the lineage from one generation to another for 400 years. HuffPost’s professionalism and integrity says all. Those articles on the Shugden controversy is truly a testament.
    The H H 14th Dalai Lama, Tibet’s exiled spiritual leader, has for decades travelled the globe with a message of peace, love and compassion. Yet these Dorje Shugden controversy happened due to some having their own agenda. Shugden practitioners have been relying on Dorje Shugdn for more than 350 years. Why now??? It had cause more sufferings, misunderstanding , families divided and so on. May all this be over soon for the sake of Tibetans . Interesting read……hopefully more people will read this blog to understand the situation better.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/dorje-shugden/huffington-post-three-times-as-many-buddhists-as-communists-in-china-dalai-lamas-tibet-wish-may-require-rapprochement-with-former-adversaries.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Nov 16. 2022 03:52 PM
    History is full of weird events that no one can explain , well that’s a fact. We are fortunate historians of the past have documented many of them for us to understand. Yet many unexplained mysteries remain unexplained even to this day. For some reason, we as humans tend to concentrate on the mysterious things more than the undeniable facts. World’s greatest unsolved mysteries always interest me. Mysteries of any topic is truly interesting to read the story. Death is a mystery to all of us, and so is reincarnation. When science cannot explain something it is often referred to as a belief. There are many mysterious stories in the world now where people claim to be reincarnated and they remember their past life. One such intriguing story was of Shanti Devi recalling her past life in modern times. Shanti Devi’s story is amazing at the age of four years old, she began telling her parents specific details about her old life.
    Interesting and weird mysterious stories in this blog, some of them are truly spooky.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/science-mysteries/10-creepy-mysteries-you-havent-heard-of.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Nov 16. 2022 03:50 PM
    Even though it a old post yet reading it had me feeling sorry for such cute doggie. Due to some mortgage problems the owners left Sue the doggie without someone to look after. Sue was lucky somehow someone from Shelter Friend adopted her. Thank you to those who made it happen
    Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/dog-in-danger-please-help-sue.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Nov 16. 2022 03:48 PM
    nteresting read …..after reading this blog had me realised animals do reincarnate after all. Animals can become human again and vice versa after death. Just like humans, animals reincarnate as part of our soul family groups. This means the animals in our life now, have very likely been in our life before, as an animal. The true life story of a Thai boy with a snake past life tells all . The Thai boy Dalawong as a wonder spirit recognizes the cobra’s attacker is a very good life evidence of the existence of reincarnation.
    Reading the topic of telepathy had me understand slightly better . According to researchers, telepathy is a non-verbal way to communicate with others. With telepathy, people communicate entirely in the mind without saying anything. Interesting. Do hope I could telepathy with my doggie.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this interesting blog.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/science-mysteries/do-animals-reincarnate-back-as-humans.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Nov 14. 2022 03:59 PM
    Thanks for sharing all this creative special thoughts for readers to share with everyone . Simple thoughts yet easy understandable , meaningful tells us a thousand words of reality. Many will surly benefits it , reading those thoughts. Everyone has the right to practice his or her own religion, or rather no religion at all. Everyone should be supportive of religious freedom because religion is uniquely valuable to society. No one should ever suffer, be humiliated, assaulted, be segregated all because of their faith.
    Thank you Rinpoche and Pastor Seng Piow again with folded hands.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/very-special-thoughts-to-share.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Nov 14. 2022 03:56 PM
    As the sun rose over the ancient town, Dharmakaya Ceitiya, Thailand, a sea of saffron and maroon-robed monks assembled in an area the size of a football field. Could not have imagined 30,000 ordained as monks in one go that’s rejoicing. Thailand is the Land of Dharma where the Buddhism has been established since thousands years ago. Buddha Dharma teachings have been infiltrated in the daily life of Thai people. The Thai Buddhist cultures are unique and beautiful and their country are known as “the Land of Smile”. Theravada Buddhism is the official religion of Thailand and plays a key role in many aspects of Thai culture. For many Thai people, Buddhism is considered a philosophy for how to live one’s life and numerous Buddhist principles. Buddhism is a key component to the identities of many Thais. Many beautiful Buddhist temples and golden statues could be a common sights all over. Thai Buddhism has influenced society for a long time that has contributed to Thai people being generally known as kind, and compassionate.
    Thank you Rinpoche for this wonderful sharing. Looking at those rare pictures tells all…..simple amazing able to see it.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/30000-people-ordained-as-monks.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Nov 14. 2022 03:53 PM
    To live in the mountains was always Tsem Rinpoche’s dream. A quiet place called home with greenery surrounding. Mountains are the beginning and end of all natural scenery.The mountains give us time to take a moment to be in awe of the natural beauty of the world. It’s wonderful for everyone dream to those who love escaping the rush and pollution of modern life and altering our perspective. The mountains are an extraordinary environment of biological diversity, cultural diversity and linguistic diversity. But its exception for Rinpoche as in this blog somewhere in Thailand Rinpoche was there. Living on raft house surrounding by water watching sunrise and sunset . A beautiful , calm, solitude, quiet environment indeed. I would love these environment as well as mother nature is intoxicating.
    Rinpoche somehow founded an extraordinary environment of biological diversity, cultural diversity and linguistic diversity. A place call home to many of us that’s Kechara Forest retreat at Bentong. A unique examples of beauty, peace, austerity, spirituality, eco-yoga and creativity. A must visit to those who loves mother nature.
    Thank you Rinpoche .

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/an-exception.html

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It\'s very nice to see volunteers helping maintain holy sites in Kechara Forest Retreat, it\'s very good for them. Cleaning Buddha statues is a very powerful and effective way of purifying body karma.
3 years ago
It's very nice to see volunteers helping maintain holy sites in Kechara Forest Retreat, it's very good for them. Cleaning Buddha statues is a very powerful and effective way of purifying body karma.
Kechara Forest Retreat is preparing for the upcoming Chinese New Year celebrations. This is our holy Vajra Yogini stupa which is now surrounded by beautiful lanterns organised by our students.
3 years ago
Kechara Forest Retreat is preparing for the upcoming Chinese New Year celebrations. This is our holy Vajra Yogini stupa which is now surrounded by beautiful lanterns organised by our students.
One of the most recent harvests from our Kechara Forest Retreat land. It was grown free of chemicals and pesticides, wonderful!
3 years ago
One of the most recent harvests from our Kechara Forest Retreat land. It was grown free of chemicals and pesticides, wonderful!
Third picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
3 years ago
Third picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
3 years ago
Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
First picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
3 years ago
First picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
The first title published by Kechara Comics is Karuna Finds A Way. It tells the tale of high-school sweethearts Karuna and Adam who had what some would call the dream life. Everything was going great for them until one day when reality came knocking on their door. Caught in a surprise swindle, this loving family who never harmed anyone found themselves out of luck and down on their fortune. Determined to save her family, Karuna goes all out to find a solution. See what she does- https://bit.ly/2LSKuWo
3 years ago
The first title published by Kechara Comics is Karuna Finds A Way. It tells the tale of high-school sweethearts Karuna and Adam who had what some would call the dream life. Everything was going great for them until one day when reality came knocking on their door. Caught in a surprise swindle, this loving family who never harmed anyone found themselves out of luck and down on their fortune. Determined to save her family, Karuna goes all out to find a solution. See what she does- https://bit.ly/2LSKuWo
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
3 years ago
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
3 years ago
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
3 years ago
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
3 years ago
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat\'s land here in Malaysia
4 years ago
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat's land here in Malaysia
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
4 years ago
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
4 years ago
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
4 years ago
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
4 years ago
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
Sacred Vajra Yogini
4 years ago
Sacred Vajra Yogini
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
4 years ago
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
4 years ago
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha\'s mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
4 years ago
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha's mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha\'s. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
4 years ago
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha's. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
4 years ago
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
4 years ago
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
This is pretty amazing!

First Sri Lankan Buddhist temple opened in Dubai!!!
4 years ago
This is pretty amazing! First Sri Lankan Buddhist temple opened in Dubai!!!
My Dharma boy (left) and Oser girl loves to laze around on the veranda in the mornings. They enjoy all the trees, grass and relaxing under the hot sun. Sunbathing is a favorite daily activity. I care about these two doggies of mine very much and I enjoy seeing them happy. They are with me always. Tsem Rinpoche

Always be kind to animals and eat vegetarian- https://bit.ly/2Psp8h2
4 years ago
My Dharma boy (left) and Oser girl loves to laze around on the veranda in the mornings. They enjoy all the trees, grass and relaxing under the hot sun. Sunbathing is a favorite daily activity. I care about these two doggies of mine very much and I enjoy seeing them happy. They are with me always. Tsem Rinpoche Always be kind to animals and eat vegetarian- https://bit.ly/2Psp8h2
After you left me Mumu, I was alone. I have no family or kin. You were my family. I can\'t stop thinking of you and I can\'t forget you. My bond and connection with you is so strong. I wish you were by my side. Tsem Rinpoche
4 years ago
After you left me Mumu, I was alone. I have no family or kin. You were my family. I can't stop thinking of you and I can't forget you. My bond and connection with you is so strong. I wish you were by my side. Tsem Rinpoche
This story is a life-changer. Learn about the incredible Forest Man of India | 印度“森林之子”- https://bit.ly/2Eh4vRS
4 years ago
This story is a life-changer. Learn about the incredible Forest Man of India | 印度“森林之子”- https://bit.ly/2Eh4vRS
Part 2-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
4 years ago
Part 2-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
Part 1-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
4 years ago
Part 1-Beautiful billboard in Malaysia of a powerful Tibetan hero whose life serves as a great inspiration- https://bit.ly/2UltNE4
The great Protector Manjushri Dorje Shugden depicted in the beautiful Mongolian style. To download a high resolution file: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
4 years ago
The great Protector Manjushri Dorje Shugden depicted in the beautiful Mongolian style. To download a high resolution file: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
The Mystical land of Shambhala is finally ready for everyone to feast their eyes and be blessed. A beautiful post with information, art work, history, spirituality and a beautiful book composed by His Holiness the 6th Panchen Rinpoche. ~ https://bit.ly/309MHBi
4 years ago
The Mystical land of Shambhala is finally ready for everyone to feast their eyes and be blessed. A beautiful post with information, art work, history, spirituality and a beautiful book composed by His Holiness the 6th Panchen Rinpoche. ~ https://bit.ly/309MHBi
Beautiful pictures of the huge Buddha in Longkou Nanshan- https://bit.ly/2LsBxVb
4 years ago
Beautiful pictures of the huge Buddha in Longkou Nanshan- https://bit.ly/2LsBxVb
The reason-Very interesting thought- https://bit.ly/2V7VT5r
4 years ago
The reason-Very interesting thought- https://bit.ly/2V7VT5r
NEW Bigfoot cafe in Malaysia! Food is delicious!- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
4 years ago
NEW Bigfoot cafe in Malaysia! Food is delicious!- https://bit.ly/2VxdGau
DON\'T MISS THIS!~How brave Bonnie survived by living with a herd of deer~ https://bit.ly/2Lre2eY
4 years ago
DON'T MISS THIS!~How brave Bonnie survived by living with a herd of deer~ https://bit.ly/2Lre2eY
Global Superpower China Will Cut Meat Consumption by 50%! Very interesting, find out more- https://bit.ly/2V1sJFh
4 years ago
Global Superpower China Will Cut Meat Consumption by 50%! Very interesting, find out more- https://bit.ly/2V1sJFh
You can download this beautiful Egyptian style Dorje Shugden Free- https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
4 years ago
You can download this beautiful Egyptian style Dorje Shugden Free- https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
Beautiful high file for print of Lord Manjushri. May you be blessed- https://bit.ly/2V8mwZe
4 years ago
Beautiful high file for print of Lord Manjushri. May you be blessed- https://bit.ly/2V8mwZe
Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
4 years ago
Mongolian (Oymiakon) Shaman in Siberia, Russia. That is his real outfit he wears. Very unique. TR
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
4 years ago
Find one of the most beautiful temples in the world in Nara, Japan. It is the 1,267 year old Todai-ji temple that houses a 15 meter Buddha Vairocana statue who is a cosmic and timeless Buddha. Emperor Shomu who sponsored this beautiful temple eventually abdicated and ordained as a Buddhist monk. Very interesting history and story. One of the places everyone should visit- https://bit.ly/2VgsHhK
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
4 years ago
Manjusri Kumara (bodhisattva of wisdom), India, Pala dynesty, 9th century, stone, Honolulu Academy of Arts
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    This dog thanks his hero in such a touching way. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Join Tsem Rinpoche in prayer for H.H. Dalai Lama’s long life~ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYy7JcveikU&feature=youtu.be
    4 years ago
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    4 years ago
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CHAT PICTURES

Ta-da! Can you spot the differences? Come and collect more merits while cleaning & polishing at the temple. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
5 days ago
Ta-da! Can you spot the differences? Come and collect more merits while cleaning & polishing at the temple. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
Restoring the shine after rubbing! Chin Shuen and Hue are polishing the serkym set & offering bowls here. 'Many Hands Make Light Work' Day @ Kechara Penang Chapel by Jacinta.
5 days ago
Restoring the shine after rubbing! Chin Shuen and Hue are polishing the serkym set & offering bowls here. 'Many Hands Make Light Work' Day @ Kechara Penang Chapel by Jacinta.
Last Monday, 28th Nov 2022 was 'Many Hands Make Light Work' Day. Kechara Penang members gathered together to clean the altar, polish offerings bowls and etc. Sweeping, cleaning and arranging offerings are very important in Buddhism. In fact, it's the first of the preparatory practices as taught in Lamrim. While we clean, it's good to chant mantras or listening to it, such as reciting 'Dulpung Drima Pung' when we are sweeping. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
5 days ago
Last Monday, 28th Nov 2022 was 'Many Hands Make Light Work' Day. Kechara Penang members gathered together to clean the altar, polish offerings bowls and etc. Sweeping, cleaning and arranging offerings are very important in Buddhism. In fact, it's the first of the preparatory practices as taught in Lamrim. While we clean, it's good to chant mantras or listening to it, such as reciting 'Dulpung Drima Pung' when we are sweeping. Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta.
Renew your antivirus quickly an call
1 week ago
Renew your antivirus quickly an call
KEP 13/11/2022-caroline
4 weeks ago
KEP 13/11/2022-caroline
Look here, Smile! 1, 2, 3.... chik chak. Thank you everyone. That's our picture for the Dorje Shugden puja and see you all next Saturday @ 3pm. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta.
1 month ago
Look here, Smile! 1, 2, 3.... chik chak. Thank you everyone. That's our picture for the Dorje Shugden puja and see you all next Saturday @ 3pm. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta.
Week after week, Penang members come together to do the Dorje Shugden puja - without fail. Come to get your blessings and obstacles cleared by joining us at Penang Chapel, every Saturday, 3 pm at Jalan Seang Tek, Penang.
2 months ago
Week after week, Penang members come together to do the Dorje Shugden puja - without fail. Come to get your blessings and obstacles cleared by joining us at Penang Chapel, every Saturday, 3 pm at Jalan Seang Tek, Penang.
Sumptuously decorated food offerings to Rinpoche and Buddhas, thanks to Siew Hong and KS Tang during Penang weekly DS puja on 22/10/2022 ~ by Jacinta.
2 months ago
Sumptuously decorated food offerings to Rinpoche and Buddhas, thanks to Siew Hong and KS Tang during Penang weekly DS puja on 22/10/2022 ~ by Jacinta.
Is this where Rinpoche received the thangkha of Dream Manjushri?
4 months ago
Is this where Rinpoche received the thangkha of Dream Manjushri?
Is this the ruins of Zimkhang Gongma established by Panchen Sonam Drakpa. -Choong
4 months ago
Is this the ruins of Zimkhang Gongma established by Panchen Sonam Drakpa. -Choong
We hold our DS puja weekly without fail. We welcome you to join us. Penang DS puja @ 3pm~ by Jacinta
4 months ago
We hold our DS puja weekly without fail. We welcome you to join us. Penang DS puja @ 3pm~ by Jacinta
DS PUJA @ Penang. A close up of the offerings. What a feast! #Throwback 23/7/2022.
4 months ago
DS PUJA @ Penang. A close up of the offerings. What a feast! #Throwback 23/7/2022.
#Throwback 23/7/2022. Our weekly DS puja attendees. All of us were getting ready to invite Buddhas to come forth, joining and blessing us during DS puja. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
4 months ago
#Throwback 23/7/2022. Our weekly DS puja attendees. All of us were getting ready to invite Buddhas to come forth, joining and blessing us during DS puja. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
#Throwback23/7/2022 Welcoming Buddha Shakyamuni, Gyenze, Shize & Namgyalma to Penang chapel. Abundance offerings, including sensory offerings were nicely set up and offered up to Buddha surfing our weekly DS puja @ 3pm, Jalan Seang Tek, Penang ~by Jacinta
4 months ago
#Throwback23/7/2022 Welcoming Buddha Shakyamuni, Gyenze, Shize & Namgyalma to Penang chapel. Abundance offerings, including sensory offerings were nicely set up and offered up to Buddha surfing our weekly DS puja @ 3pm, Jalan Seang Tek, Penang ~by Jacinta
Kechara Earth Project 17 July 2022
5 months ago
Kechara Earth Project 17 July 2022
Kechara Earth Project 12 June 2022
6 months ago
Kechara Earth Project 12 June 2022
#Throwback. Visitation of Ven. Zawa Tulku Rinpoche and Ven. Geshe Jangchup Gyaltsen to Kechara Penang Chapel on 17/5/2022. We did a short prayers together. Really happy for the short visit. Kechara Penang Study Group~ by Jacinta
6 months ago
#Throwback. Visitation of Ven. Zawa Tulku Rinpoche and Ven. Geshe Jangchup Gyaltsen to Kechara Penang Chapel on 17/5/2022. We did a short prayers together. Really happy for the short visit. Kechara Penang Study Group~ by Jacinta
Photo from JC
6 months ago
Photo from JC
Trying to WE-fie. Do we get that just alright, lol? Come and join us next time at Jalan Seang Tek, Kechara Penang Chapel. Celebrate Wesak with us ~ by Jacinta
7 months ago
Trying to WE-fie. Do we get that just alright, lol? Come and join us next time at Jalan Seang Tek, Kechara Penang Chapel. Celebrate Wesak with us ~ by Jacinta
Trying to "WE-fie". Do we get that just alright, lol? Come and join us next time at Jalan Seang Tek, Kechara Penang Chapel. Celebrate Wesak with us ~ by Jacinta
7 months ago
Trying to "WE-fie". Do we get that just alright, lol? Come and join us next time at Jalan Seang Tek, Kechara Penang Chapel. Celebrate Wesak with us ~ by Jacinta
Celebrated Wesak Day 2022 in Penang, with a group of fun, committed, helpful and also devoted friends & family. Kechara Penang Study Group 15/5/2022 ~by Jacinta
7 months ago
Celebrated Wesak Day 2022 in Penang, with a group of fun, committed, helpful and also devoted friends & family. Kechara Penang Study Group 15/5/2022 ~by Jacinta
Vesak Day 2022 - Bird liberation. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
7 months ago
Vesak Day 2022 - Bird liberation. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
All attendees are paying homage to Rinpoche and Buddhas before the start of our weekly Dorje Shugden puja. Outwardly, it seems that Dorje Shugden helps practitioners overcoming their obstacles and problems but ultimately Dorje Shugden’s supreme purpose is to help practitioners on their path to Enlightenment. Do join in our weekly DS puja, every Saturday @3 pm at Jalan Seang Tek, Penang. ~by Jacinta
7 months ago
All attendees are paying homage to Rinpoche and Buddhas before the start of our weekly Dorje Shugden puja. Outwardly, it seems that Dorje Shugden helps practitioners overcoming their obstacles and problems but ultimately Dorje Shugden’s supreme purpose is to help practitioners on their path to Enlightenment. Do join in our weekly DS puja, every Saturday @3 pm at Jalan Seang Tek, Penang. ~by Jacinta
All of us are practicing on how to properly use dorje(Vajra), bell and damaru ~ Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
7 months ago
All of us are practicing on how to properly use dorje(Vajra), bell and damaru ~ Kechara Penang Study Group by Jacinta
After inviting Dorje Shugden Wangze, Pastor Seng Piow teaches us how to use ritual objects and the full set of prayer accompanying it. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
7 months ago
After inviting Dorje Shugden Wangze, Pastor Seng Piow teaches us how to use ritual objects and the full set of prayer accompanying it. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
With great happiness, merits and excitement that Penang Group have invited Buddha Wangzey to Penang chapel, complete with full rituals and prayer. 30th April 2022 Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
7 months ago
With great happiness, merits and excitement that Penang Group have invited Buddha Wangzey to Penang chapel, complete with full rituals and prayer. 30th April 2022 Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
Come and get your blessing from Lama Tsongkhapa and Dorje Shugden in Penang @ Jalan Seang Tek ~ by Jacinta.
8 months ago
Come and get your blessing from Lama Tsongkhapa and Dorje Shugden in Penang @ Jalan Seang Tek ~ by Jacinta.
Special thanks to one of our dedicated Penang group members, Choong for superb tormas. Swift Return Puja @ every Saturday, 3pm. Do contact William for more info ~ by Jacinta
8 months ago
Special thanks to one of our dedicated Penang group members, Choong for superb tormas. Swift Return Puja @ every Saturday, 3pm. Do contact William for more info ~ by Jacinta
Thanks to William for being the Umze for Swift Return Puja at Penang Centre. ~ by Jacinta
8 months ago
Thanks to William for being the Umze for Swift Return Puja at Penang Centre. ~ by Jacinta
The members of Kechara Penang Study Group are offering serkym to Dorje Shugden and His entourage. There's puja every Saturday @ 3 pm at Penang Chapel, Jalan Seang Tek. All are welcome. ~by Jacinta
8 months ago
The members of Kechara Penang Study Group are offering serkym to Dorje Shugden and His entourage. There's puja every Saturday @ 3 pm at Penang Chapel, Jalan Seang Tek. All are welcome. ~by Jacinta
We are in the third week of Ramadan this year, and kind volunteers have never failed to feed people in need since Tengku Zatashah started this meaningful #zerofoodwastage initiative in 2016. The aim is to benefit the underprivileged with nice surplus food collected from Ramadan buffets. Every night during the month of Ramadan, volunteers collect surplus cooked food from hotels and distribute it to charity homes and low-income families. THANK YOU, Tengku, dedicated volunteers and hotel partners, for making this Ramadan special for the underprivileged. #kecharasoupkitchen #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment - KSK @ Vivian
8 months ago
We are in the third week of Ramadan this year, and kind volunteers have never failed to feed people in need since Tengku Zatashah started this meaningful #zerofoodwastage initiative in 2016. The aim is to benefit the underprivileged with nice surplus food collected from Ramadan buffets. Every night during the month of Ramadan, volunteers collect surplus cooked food from hotels and distribute it to charity homes and low-income families. THANK YOU, Tengku, dedicated volunteers and hotel partners, for making this Ramadan special for the underprivileged. #kecharasoupkitchen #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment - KSK @ Vivian
We were chanting Migsetma mantra at the time this picture was taken. Thanks to all our Penang members who are very committed to attend Swift Return puja weekly. Kechara Penang Study Group, every Saturday @ 3pm. ~by Jacinta
8 months ago
We were chanting Migsetma mantra at the time this picture was taken. Thanks to all our Penang members who are very committed to attend Swift Return puja weekly. Kechara Penang Study Group, every Saturday @ 3pm. ~by Jacinta
William, who is our leader/ Umze is cleaning the pantry and Gordon offered up 4 carton of packet drinks today. We cannot thank you enough for all kind hearted who sponsored various offerings weekly. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
8 months ago
William, who is our leader/ Umze is cleaning the pantry and Gordon offered up 4 carton of packet drinks today. We cannot thank you enough for all kind hearted who sponsored various offerings weekly. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
Siew Hong came with a basket of fruits while Choong, who is expert in baking offered tormas today for our Swift Return Puja. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
8 months ago
Siew Hong came with a basket of fruits while Choong, who is expert in baking offered tormas today for our Swift Return Puja. Kechara Penang Study Group ~by Jacinta
Dedicated sisters, Sharyn and Swee Bee. They always make sure our puja offerings, especially fruits are arranged nicely. Kechara Penang Study Group ~ by Jacinta
8 months ago
Dedicated sisters, Sharyn and Swee Bee. They always make sure our puja offerings, especially fruits are arranged nicely. Kechara Penang Study Group ~ by Jacinta
Committed and hardworking Kechara Penang members, Mr. Tang and Mr. Huey. Really appreciate having you both at our weekly puja . Kechara Penang Study Group ~ by Jacinta
8 months ago
Committed and hardworking Kechara Penang members, Mr. Tang and Mr. Huey. Really appreciate having you both at our weekly puja . Kechara Penang Study Group ~ by Jacinta
KSK medic personnel have been tending to the needs of the clients every week. Their consistent kindness helps improve the medical welfare of those without a home. Thank you for serving and making them your priority on your weekends. #medicteam #kecharasoupkitchen #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment
9 months ago
KSK medic personnel have been tending to the needs of the clients every week. Their consistent kindness helps improve the medical welfare of those without a home. Thank you for serving and making them your priority on your weekends. #medicteam #kecharasoupkitchen #kecharafoodbank #kecharaempowerment
In the midst of chaos, let's start healing. We have Dorje Shugden Puja every Saturday @ 3 pm. Contact William for more info. Kechara Penang Study Group. ~ by Jacinta.
9 months ago
In the midst of chaos, let's start healing. We have Dorje Shugden Puja every Saturday @ 3 pm. Contact William for more info. Kechara Penang Study Group. ~ by Jacinta.
9 months ago
Pastor is in da' house!!!! Kechara Penang Study Group @ Saturday, 3 pm. Contact William for more info ~ by Jacinta
9 months ago
Pastor is in da' house!!!! Kechara Penang Study Group @ Saturday, 3 pm. Contact William for more info ~ by Jacinta
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Dorje Shugden
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