The Magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa & the Power of Repentance (Sri Lanka)

Jul 3, 2017 | Views: 1,060
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The magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa.

The magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa.

The statue of Mahinda Maha Thero, the son of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka and a great monk who was credited with bringing Buddhism to Sri Lanka.

The statue of Mahinda Maha Thero, the son of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka and a great monk who was credited with bringing Buddhism to Sri Lanka.

The magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka is considered as one of the most sacred pilgrimage places in Sri Lanka. The stupa was built on the ground where the legendary Mahinda Maha Thero gave a seven-day discourse on Buddhism. Mahinda Maha Thero was the son of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka and a great monk who brought Buddhism to Sri Lanka. It is also said that part of Buddha Shakyamuni’s belt is buried inside the stupa.

King Mahasena (r. 277 -304 CE) of Anuradhapura (King Mahasena) initiated the construction of Jetavanaramaya Stupa and other structures within the same monastery complex to show remorse for his mistakes in allowing and causing the destruction of Mahavihara, a Theravadan Buddhist monastery. When the original stupa was completed, it was considered as one of the tallest structures in the ancient world behind two pyramids in Giza and the Lighthouse of Alexandria. Even today, many modern engineers were amazed at the ingenuity and the sophisticated engineering techniques that were used to build the stupa and the surrounding structures.

Visitors and pilgrims who visit Jetavanaramaya Stupa would be able to pay homage to the holy object inside the sacred stupa and be inspired by the story of King Mahasena, a great ruler who was able to set aside his ego and recognise his wrongdoings. The grandeur and the beauty of Jetavanaramaya Stupa and the surrounding temple complex are the representations of the king’s sincerity in purifying his misdeeds and negative karma.

Tsem Rinpoche


 

History

 

The Power of Repentance

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Mahavihara, a Theravadan Buddhist monastery in Anuradhapura, was the centre of Buddhism in Sri Lanka until King Valagamba (r. 103 BC and c. 89 – 77 BC) built Abhayagiri Monastery in the 104th century BC. The monks of the new monastery followed the teachings of Dhammaruchi Thero, an Indian Mahayana monk who established Dhammaruchi Nikaya Sect. Due to the differences in the Buddhist doctrines that they followed and the necessity of securing royal patronage, there was a great rivalry between Abhayagiri and Mahavihara.

King Mahasena of Anuradhapura (r. 277 -304 CE).

King Mahasena of Anuradhapura (r. 277 -304 CE).

The rivalry between the two great monasteries reached its peak in the 3rd century CE during the reign of King Mahasena. King Gothabhaya (r. 254 – 267 CE) of Anuradhapura, the father of King Mahasena, was a patron of Mahavihara Monastery. The king issued the policies against the monks of Abhayagiri Monastery and forced them to live in exile in India. One of the banished monks, Sangamitta Thero, decided to return to Anuradhapura and turn around the situation in his favour. King Gothabhaya came to trust this cunning monk, and the king assigned him to be the tutor of his sons, Prince Jetthatissa and Prince Mahasena. Upon the passing of King Gothabhaya, Prince Jetthatissa (r. 266-276 CE) became the king of Anuradhapura, and just like his father, he was a supporter of Mahavihara Monastery.

In 276 CE, King Jetthatissa passed away, and his brother, Prince Mahasena, became the king of Anuradhapura. Unlike his father and elder brother, King Mahasena was very close with his tutor, Sangamitta Thero, who used this opportunity to change the royal’s allegiance from Mahavihara Monastery to Abhayagiri Monastery. According to Mahavamsa, the chronicles of Sri Lankan kings that was written in the 5th century CE, Sangamitta Thero said the following to King Mahasena:

The dwellers in the Mahavihara do not teach the (true) vinaya, we are those who teach the (true) vinaya, O king

http://lakdiva.org/mahavamsa/chap037.html

He also managed to persuade the king that the monks of Mahavihara should be prevented from receiving alms from the public because they lacked discipline. As a result, King Mahasena introduced a penalty for his subjects who chose to help the monks of Mahavihara Monastery:

Whosoever gives food to a bhikkhu dwelling in the Mahavihara is liable to a fine of a hundred (pieces of money).

http://lakdiva.org/mahavamsa/chap037.html

The ruins of Abhayagiri Monastery.

The ruins of Abhayagiri Monastery.

Due to this new policy, the monks of Mahavihara fell into want. They had to abandon their monastery and move to Rohana and Malaya Rata. After the monastery was abandoned, Sangamitta Thero, Minister Sona, and several other shameless monks proceeded to loot Mahavihara and transferred the valuable items, including the content of magnificent seven-story assembly hall (Lohapasada), and various building material to Abhayagiri Monastery. The land of the Mahavihara Monastery was then utilised for farming activities. According to Nikayasangaraha, a Sinhalese Buddhist chronicle:

Not being satisfied with the sinful destruction of Mahavihara Monastery, the land was ploughed and planted with a grain called Undu in Sinhalese [Vigna Mungo] or Urad in Hindi.

http://www.mysrilankaholidays.com/jetavana-dagoba.html

Unhappy with the suppression and the looting of Mahavihara, one of the King Mahasena’s ministers and dear friend, Meghavannabhaya decided to rebel. He raised an army and camped near Duratissaka tank. King Mahasena came with his army to face his friend. According to Mahavamsa, one night as Minister Meghavannabhaya was eating his dinner, he thought of his friend, King Mahasena, “I will not enjoy [the food] without my friend the king.” Therefore, in good faith, he went alone to the place where King Mahasena and his army set up their camp. The king had dinner with Minister Meghavannabhaya, and the following conversation took place:

King Mahasena: Why hast thou become a rebel?
Minister Meghavannabhaya: Because the Mahavihara has been destroyed by thee.

http://lakdiva.org/mahavamsa/chap037.html

King Mahasena realised his wrongdoing and pledged to build another monastery on the former site of Mahavihara Monastery. According to Mahavamsa, King Mahasena said, “ will make the vihara to be dwelt in yet again; forgive me my fault.” Minister Meghavannabhaya and King Mahasena reconciled their friendship. After the pleasant meeting, King Mahasena returned to the capital, while Minister Meghavannabhaya proceeded to collect the necessary material to build several monastic colleges (parivenas) on the former site of Mahavihara Monastery.

To prevent Sangamitta Thero from influencing the king once again, one of King Mahasena’s wives ordered a labourer to murder the monk who had caused so much destruction to the Theravadan Buddhist tradition. A group of people who were unhappy with the destruction of Mahavihara monastery also made sure that the evil Minister Sona met his end. After the demise of Sangamitta Thero and Minister Sona, the monks of Mahavihara returned to the former site of their monastery to participate in the rebuilding effort.

True to his promise, King Mahasena initiated the building of Jetavanaramaya Stupa and other structures on the former site of Mahavihara Monastery. The stupa construction took between 15 and 27 years to complete. King Mahasena passed away before the stupa was completed, and his son, King Sirimeghavanna (r. 304 – 332 CE) continued with the construction effort. Initially, King Sirimeghavanna offered the monastery to a monk named Tissa. Unfortunately, Venerable Tissa committed an offence and was found guilty. Consequently, he was disrobed and expelled from the sangha community. Subsequent to the event, Sagalika Sect, a branch of Theravadan Buddhism, was entrusted with the administration of the new monastery complex.

Jetavanaramaya Stupa was one of the tallest structures in the ancient world.

Jetavanaramaya Stupa was one of the tallest structures in the ancient world.

According to the legend, Buddha Shakyamuni’s belt was buried inside Jetavanaramaya Stupa. In addition, it is said that the stupa was built on the former site of Nandana Pleasure Garden where Mahinda Maha Thero delivered a seven-day teaching on Buddhism. After the event, the garden was known as Jotivana, the place where the holy one made the true doctrine shines forth. Mahinda Maha Thero was also known as Dipajotaka (Light of Lanka).

In the 6th century CE, Juma, a Sri Lankan merchant, offered a Mahayana book on Dhammadatu that he obtained from Benares, India to King Silakala Ambosamanera (King Silakala) (r. 526 – 539 CE) of Anuradhapura. Upon reading this book, King Silakala initiated an annual Dhammadatu celebration. Unhappy with the Mahayana origins of the event, the monks of Jetavanaramaya boycotted the festival. Fortunately, the conflict ended peacefully when the monks of Abhayagiri Monastery managed to convince the monks of Jetavanaramaya Monastery to participate in the festival. During the reign of King Aggabodhi I (r. 564 – 598 CE), the monks of Jetavanaramaya defeated the monks of Abhayagiri in a public debate. Since then, Jetavanaramaya was recognised as the centre of Buddhism in Anuradhapura.

 

About King Mahasena of Anuradhapura

Minneriya Tank, one of the great achievements of King Mahasena. After he passed away, his subjects believed that he was reborn as Minneriya Deviyo.

Minneriya Tank, one of the great achievements of King Mahasena. After he passed away, his subjects believed that he was reborn as Minneriya Deviyo.

During his lifetime, King Mahasena was known as a great builder. In addition to Jetavanaramaya Stupa, which was the architectural wonder of the ancient time, he restored many ruined buildings and built many other temples such as Manihira Vihara, Migagma Vihara, Gangasenakapabbata Vihara, Dhatusenapabbata Vihara, Thuarama Vihara, Hulapitthi Vihara, Uttara Nunnery, Abhara Nunnery, and a vihara in Kokavata. King Mahasena was also known to have destroyed at least three Brahmanical god temples: Gokanna Vihara, a vihara in Erakavilla, and a vihara in Brahman Kalanda Village.

During his lifetime, King Mahasena made great improvements in the irrigation system in the present-day Sri Lanka. He built a canal, Pabbatanta, and over 17 water tanks:

  1. Mahagama
  2. Manihira
  3. Khanu
  4. Mahamani
  5. Kokavata
  6. Dhammaramma
  7. Kumbalaka
  8. Vahana
  9. Rattamalakandaka
  10. Tissavaddhamanaka
  11. Velangacitthi
  12. Mahagallaka
  13. Cira
  14. Mahadaragallaka
  15. Kalapasana
  16. Challura

King Mahasena had built the finest water reservoirs and irrigation systems in the ancient world, and some of them are still in use today. One of his greatest achievements was the building of Minneriya Tank. The tank was 13 m (42.65 ft) tall and covered the area of 4,670 acres (18.9 km2). The tank could hold approximately 20 billion gallons of water. Due to this achievement, after his passing, it is believed that King Mahasena was reborn as the God of Minneriya (Minneriya Deviyo).

The ruins of King Mahasena’s palace in Anuradhapura.

The ruins of King Mahasena’s palace in Anuradhapura.

 

The Dark Ages

Raja Raja Chola I, the Chola invader who caused destructions to many Buddhist monuments in the present-day Sri Lanka.

Raja Raja Chola I, the Chola invader who caused destructions to many Buddhist monuments in the present-day Sri Lanka.

During the reign of King Mahinda V (r. 982 – 1017 CE) of Anuradhapura, the kingdom was in decline. The king was weak and unable to collect taxes. As a result, there was no sufficient fund to pay the army, and his soldiers refused to follow instructions. Therefore, when the Chola invaders under the leadership of Raja Raja Chola I (r. 985 – 1014 CE) came, Anuradhapura was easily defeated, and King Mahinda V escaped to Ruhuna in 993 CE. The Chola invaders later caught the unfortunate king and transported him to India where he died in prison. Raja Raja Chola I moved the capital city from Anuradhapura to Polonnaruwa and renamed it as Jananathamangalam.

In 1070 CE, King Vijayabahu I (r. 1055 – 1110 CE) of Polonnaruwa managed to defeat the Chola invaders and re-establish Buddhism as the main religion in the present-day Sri Lanka. In the 12th century, King Parakramabahu (r. 1153 – 1186 CE) of Polonnaruwa made an attempt to renovate Jetavanaramaya Stupa. The king rebuilt the stupa at 71 m (232 ft.), a fraction of its original height of 122 m (400 ft.). However, eventually, Anuradhapura was abandoned as Polonnaruwa became the centre of governance in Sri Lanka, and the ancient city was covered with jungle.

 

Restoration Attempts

Jetavanaramaya Stupa prior to the restoration.

Jetavanaramaya Stupa prior to the restoration.

In the 19th century, British colonialist discovered the ruined city of Anuradhapura that was covered with jungle overgrowth and promoted it as a site for Buddhist pilgrimage. In 1909, Atamasthana Committee, the governance body of the eight sacred places in Sri Lanka that included Jetavanaramaya Stupa, gave approval for a monk from Sailabimbaramaya Temple, Kumbukee Dhammarama, to clear Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex from jungle shrub. The approval was canceled when Kumbukee Dhammarama decided to settle down. After the failed attempt to restore Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex, another monk by the name of Palannaruwe Sobita decided to take on the restoration project and obtained the permission from Atamasthana Committee to resume the clearing activities. However, the permission was once again withdrawn for unknown reasons. When Palannaruwe Sobita refused to abandon the premise, Atamasthana Committee initiated the necessary legal procedures to evict him.

In 1981, UNESCO took the task of renovating the Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex as part of UNESCO-Sri Lanka Cultural Triangle Sites project, which consisted of Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, and Sigiriya. The bricks used in restoring the stupa are the exact mixture as the bricks used in the original stupa. Archaeologists who were involved in this project have unearthed artefacts that indicated the existence of contacts and trading activities between Sri Lanka and India, Mediterranean, and other far eastern countries. Until today, the conservation effort to revive the stupa and other structures in the monastery complex to their ancient glory is still far from completion.

The pictures below illustrate the progress of Jetavanaramaya Stupa restoration effort throughout the years:

Jetavanaramaya Stupa in 1994.

Jetavanaramaya Stupa in 1994.

Jetavanaramaya Stupa in 2001.

Jetavanaramaya Stupa in 2001.

Jetavanaramaya Stupa in 2015.

Jetavanaramaya Stupa in 2015.

 

About Jetavanaramaya Stupa

 

Jetavanaramaya Stupa in Anuradhapura

Or view the video on the server at:
https://video.tsemtulku.com/videos/JethawanaramayaAnuradhapura.mp4

At the time it was built, Jetavanaramaya Stupa was the largest monument in Sri Lanka (122 m or 400 ft) and the fourth tallest pyramidal structure in the world behind the Pyramid of Khufu (147 m or 482.28 ft) and Pyramid of Khafre (144 m or 472.44 ft), and the Great Lighthouse of Alexandria (140 m or 459.31 ft).

Approximately, 93.3 million baked bricks were used to build this magnificent monument. According to James Emerson, a 19th century British writer, in his book, Ceylon:

[Jetavanaramaya] Stupa contained a volume of bricks sufficient to raise eight thousand houses each with twenty feet frontage, line an ordinary railway tunnel twenty miles long, or form a wall one foot in thickness and ten feet in height, reaching from London to Edinburgh.

https://lanka.com/about/attractions/jetavana-monastery/

Approximately, 93.3 million baked bricks were used to build this magnificent monument.

Approximately, 93.3 million baked bricks were used to build this magnificent monument.

However, since it was rebuilt the stupa’s height is 71 m (232 ft). The stupa stands on a raised platform with 233,000 m2 (2,508,000 square ft) base-area. There are 9-m wide stairs at each cardinal point to access the stone paved terrace. The front entrances that lead to the sand terrace are called valimaluva, and the inner walls, which in the past had been used to carry four altars and four parts of elephants, are known as ayakas. Jetavanaramaya Stupa was surrounded by vahalkada, the dressed stone-walls that were about 2.4 m (7.87 ft) tall.

The nine-metre wide stairs to access the stone paved terrace of Jetavanaramaya Stupa.

The nine-metre wide stairs to access the stone paved terrace of Jetavanaramaya Stupa.

The length of the stupa is 176 m (576 ft), and the door to the shrine is 8 m (27 ft) tall. The foundation of the stupa is 8.5 m (28 ft) deep. There are stone inscriptions in the courtyard that contains information about the stupa and the monastery complex including the sponsors who donated for the building of the structure.

Address:
Indiya, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka
Opening hours: 6:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Entrance fee: Free

Jetavanaramaya Stupa and the surrounding monastery complex is also known as: Jetavana Viharaya, Jethawanaramaya, Jetavanaya, Jethawanaya, Jetawanaramaya, Jethawana Viharaya, Jetawanaya, Jethavanaramaya, Jetawana Viharaya, Jethavanaya, and Jethavana Viharaya.

The stone inscriptions in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

The stone inscriptions in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

In 2004, the archaeologists restored a 10th century stone slab inscription in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

In 2004, the archaeologists restored a 10th century stone slab inscription in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

 

Engineering and Construction

 

The Construction Methodology of Jetavanaramaya Stupa

Or view the video on the server at:
https://video.tsemtulku.com/videos/JetavanaramayaConstructionMethodology.mp4

The construction of Jetavanaramaya Stupa marked a significant milestone in the development of Sri Lanka’s engineering techniques. The ancient engineers of Anuradhapura Kingdom had figured out on how to design and develop huge structures such as bridges and stupas:

  1. The methods of laying out foundation were perfected.
  2. The load bearing capabilities of the frame and structures were calculated correctly.
  3. The domes, vaults, and arches were properly constructed.

According to Nimal de Silva, a Sri Lankan architect:

…that in most of the major works, the systems used were unique and indigenous. … the perfect linear arrangements seen in the ancient cities showed that engineering plans had been prepared. Construction work … had been supervised. Labour was paid for, and various necessities, such as food and clothing were provided at the workplace.

http://www.lankalibrary.com/phpBB/viewtopic.php?f=19&t=4568

Generally, the ancient architects built stupas on top of a solid foundation such as a bed of rock. The dome material consisted of baked bricks or earth fill or a combination of both. The ancient stupas are usually in the shape of a paddy heap, either round or ellipsoid, because this shape facilitates the necessary load bearing in the construction of a large structure. For example, the shape of Jetavanaramaya Stupa is ellipsoid. According to Mahavamsa, the ancient builders used copper sheets, arsenic, and sesame oil to cover the foundation surface to prevent intrusion from plants and insects for Jetavanaramaya Stupa. Assuming the stupa construction took between 15 and 27 years to complete, hundreds of skilled engineers and labourers (i.e., stonemasons, bricklayers, and brickyard workers) would have been involved in the building process.

As one of the tallest structures in the ancient world, Jetavanaramaya Stupa is a proof of the advanced engineering and construction skills of the ancient Anuradhapura Kingdom. The foundation of the stupa is 8.5 m (27.88 ft) deep and planted on a bed of rock. The 93.3 million baked bricks that were used to build the stupa could withstand 281 kg load/ square inch. The bricks consisted of the following mixture:

  • 60% fine sand; and
  • 35% clay.

One of the bricks’ surfaces was made irregular to trap the bonding material and limit any movement. The dome was made of the combination of earth fill, half bricks, and full bricks. According to Mahavamsa, when laying out the foundation for the stupa, any cracks and opening were filled with stones, and elephants were utilised to stamp down the openings that have been filled. Leather bindings were used to protect the elephants’ feet.

During the building of Jetavanaramaya Stupa, elephants were used to stamp down the openings that have been filled.

During the building of Jetavanaramaya Stupa, elephants were used to stamp down the openings that have been filled.

The ancient engineers used a mixture of sieved sand, clay, limestones, and dolomite as a bonding material. A type of pliable clay was used as an element within the bonding material to accommodate potential structural movements.
After the foundation and the dome had been completed, the surface of the stupa was covered with plaster as a waterproofing measure. The plaster was made from glues, oils, plant resin, sand, clay, pebbles, sugar, syrup, seashells, coconut water, and egg whites.

 

About Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex

 

The Illustration of the Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex Before the Fall of Anuradhapura Kingdom

Or view the video on the server at:
https://video.tsemtulku.com/videos/IllustrationOfJetavanaramayaMonasteryComplex.mp4

Since King Mahasena established Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex in the 3rd century, subsequent Anuradhapura kings continued to expand and improve the monastery complex. The complex stood on 48 hectares of land. Jetavanaramaya was named after Jetvana Monastery in Savatthi, Northern India where Buddha Shakyamuni stayed for 19 years and gave the majority of his teachings and discourses.

The ruins of Jetvana Monastery in Savatthi, Northern India where Buddha Shakyamuni stayed for 19 years and gave the majority of his teachings and discourses.

The ruins of Jetvana Monastery in Savatthi, Northern India where Buddha Shakyamuni stayed for 19 years and gave the majority of his teachings and discourses.

The main structure in the monastery complex was the magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa. A string of residential colleges surrounded the stupa. The entrances of these colleges were facing the stupa. In addition to the above, there are four other main buildings in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex:

  • To the north of the stupa, there was an assembly hall (sannipatasala).
  • To the west of the stupa, there was an image house (patimaghara).
  • To the south of the stupa, there was a chapter house (uposathagara).
  • To the east of the stupa, there was a canteen or refectory (danasala).

Based on the size of the refectory, it is estimated that approximately 3,000 resident Buddhist monks stayed in the monastery complex at one time. Other than the stupa, the first structure in Jetavanaramaya Monastery complex was built on the northern side of the stupa. However, this area has largely remained unexplored. The buildings and the structures were gradually expanded to the southern and eastern parts of the complex.

The ruins of Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex in Sri Lanka.

The ruins of Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex in Sri Lanka.

The ornate stone columns found in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

The ornate stone columns found in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

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Four Entrances to the Courtyard

Jetavanaramaya Stupa was built on an enormous raised platform that originally had four entrances (vahalkadas). Currently, two of the four vahalkadas have been excavated, and the southern entrance was the most elaborate with the carving of elephant heads, cobra king (nagaraja) and an unidentified female figure. It is said that:

  • A seven-headed cobra represents a naga god.
  • A five-headed cobra represents a naga king.
  • A three-headed cobra represents a naga queen.
  • A single-headed cobra represents a naga.
The picture on the left shows the carving of the seven-headed cobra that represents a naga god, and the picture on the right shows the carvings of naga and nagini on vahalkada.

The picture on the left shows the carving of the seven-headed cobra that represents a naga god, and the picture on the right shows the carvings of naga and nagini on vahalkada.

Nagas have played an important role within the Hindu and Buddhist religions in the Sinhalese culture. Consequently, there are naga related vocabularies in Sinhalese such as Nagara (the dwelling place of the nagas) and Naagariika (to live like the nagas). It is said that the nagas have yellowish skin colour and flat nose.

In the eastern entrance, there were carvings of graceful female figures wearing elaborate and revealing attire.

The remains of vahalkada, the dressed stone-walls that surrounded Jetavanaramaya Stupa.

The remains of vahalkada, the dressed stone-walls that surrounded Jetavanaramaya Stupa.

Various carvings on vahalkada.

Various carvings on vahalkada.

 

Assembly Hall (Sannipatasala)

To the north of the stupa, there was an assembly hall which functioned as the gathering place for the sangha.

 

Jetavana Museum

Jetavana Museum

Jetavana Museum

Jetavana Museum houses various artefacts from the 2nd century BC to the last quarter of the 3rd century. Most of these objects were recovered during the excavation process such as carvings, of Buddha statues, guard stones, jewellery, ear ornaments, ivory carvings, bangles, pottery, three-tiered urinal pot, precious stones (e.g., amethyst and garnet), imported and local ceramics, over 300,000 beads of various materials (e.g., agate, crystal, stone, glass, clay, carnelian, bone, ivory, silver, gold, shell, and bronze), Hindu and Buddhist ritual objects, Roman and Indian coins, and painted slab of stones.

Beautifully carved guard stones in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

Beautifully carved guard stones in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

The pavilion outside the museum contains additional stone sculptures, guard stones, and elephants. Most of the excavated objects are of fine craftsmanship. The archaeologists found most of the artefacts within the clay layer between the base and upper platforms. Due to the many objects that were recovered, the artefacts were nicknamed Jetavana Treasure.

The variety and origins of the objects of Jetavana Treasure such Indian and Roman coins and ceramics from other Asian regions (i.e., West Asia, North Asia, and China) show that in the past, Anuradhapura Kingdom had trading and diplomatic relationship with other foreign countries.

The stone sculptures at Jetavana Museum.

The stone sculptures at Jetavana Museum.

In the 1980s, the archaeologists from Central Cultural Fund (CCF) found approximately 50 perforated animals’ teeth (i.e., crocodile, mongoose, dog, fishing cats, civet, bear, porcupine, and leopard) in Jetavanaramaya Monastery complex. The holes in these teeth suggested that in the past, they had been used as ornaments. The shape of the holes also indicated the sophisticated technology that was used to perforate these teeth. According to Manamendra-Arachchi and Thusitha Mendis from the Department of Archaeology and Heritage Management, Rajarata University, and Anslem de Silva, the former head of Department of Community Medicine, University of Peradeniya:

’[The teeth] may have been used as a necklace, arguably worn by a hunter.’ … Another possibility is that the hunter who had killed these animals may have made a vow and placed these hunting trophies on the offering altar to the Lord Buddha, pledging never to hunt again, they add.

http://www.sundaytimes.lk/130526/plus/giving-teeth-to-crocodile-connection-from-the-past-46059.html

In 2013, the above findings were discussed at the World Crocodile Conference in Negombo, Sri Lanka.

Perforated crocodile tooth that was found in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

Perforated crocodile tooth that was found in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

 

Buddhist Railing

Behind Jetavana Museum, there is a three-tiered rectangular fence that represents the three jewels (i.e., the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha). In the centre of each side, there is an entrance. In the past, the railing was enclosed to the image house, and the rows of columns had been used to hold a superstructure.

Jetavana Museum is located on the southern side of Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex, and it opens daily from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM.

 

Jetavanaramaya Image House (Patimaghara)

The ruins of Jetavanaramaya Image House (Patimaghara).

The ruins of Jetavanaramaya Image House (Patimaghara).

To the west of the stupa, there was a vaulted Image House and the biggest of its kind in Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa Era. It is said that King Sena I of Anuradhapura (r. 846 – 866 CE) built this image house. The monolithic door to enter this image house was 8.3 m (27 ft) tall, and the building was 15.25 m (50 ft) tall. A lotus base found inside the chamber indicates that there was a huge Buddha statue enshrined in this image house. Considering the size of the building, archaeologists estimated that the statue was 11.3 m (37 ft) tall. The Chola invaders destroyed the image house and the huge Buddha statue within.

A lotus base that was found inside the image house indicates that there was a huge Buddha statue enshrined in that place.

A lotus base that was found inside the image house indicates that there was a huge Buddha statue enshrined in that place.

 

Chapter House (Uposathagara)

To the south of the stupa, there was a Chapter House. This was the place where the monks gathered to meditate, discuss about religious texts, and perform religious rites. The Chapter House also functioned as an assembly hall, where the monks who violated the monastery’s codes of conduct confessed under the guidance of the senior monks.

The ruins of the Chapter House (Uposathagara).

The ruins of the Chapter House (Uposathagara).

 

Refectory (Danasala)

To the east of the stupa, there was a refectory in the form of a stone-paved courtyard. The excavation revealed that there was a large canoe shape trough that was used to serve rice, and a smaller one that was used to serve porridge. The larger trough could fit the rice for 3,000 monks.

 

Monks Living Quarters (Pancavasa)

Monk living quarters were located to the southwest of Jetavanaramaya stupa. A larger building was built in the centre surrounded by four smaller buildings. The larger building was reserved for senior monks, and the smaller buildings were reserved for the other monks. All the living quarters had elegant steps decorated with moonstones, balustrades, and guard stones.

 

The Cremation Chamber of Mahinda Maha Thero

Recently, the archaeologists found a 1 m (3.28 ft) wall made of bricks next to a layer of charcoal and ashes. It is believed that this was the cremation chamber of Mahinda Maha Thero.

The garden in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

The garden in Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex.

 

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Anuradhapura is during the dry season between January and October. However, visitors may experience hot and strong winds in the month of June and July.

 

How to Get There

Anuradhapura is located in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka.

Anuradhapura is located in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka.

Anuradhapura city map that shows the location of Jetavanaramaya Stupa and other ancient structures in the city.

Anuradhapura city map that shows the location of Jetavanaramaya Stupa and other ancient structures in the city. Click on the image to enlarge.

Anuradhapura, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is approximately five hours from Colombo by bus, or four hours drive by private vehicles. The A9 highway will lead you in and out of the city. Visitors can also opt to travel to the city by train. Upon arrival in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, visitors can explore the city by foot, or travel by tuk-tuk or local busses. You can get from one end of town to the other within 30 minutes because the town is relatively small.

 

Accommodation

The ancient city of Anuradhapura is another popular tourist destination and despite its relatively small size, has many hotels offering accommodation for visitors. Below are just some of the several places available. It is recommended that you do further research to find accommodation that is suitable for your needs.

1. Heritage Hotel

The hotel, which is located in the heart of Anuradhapura, offers 50 well-equipped guest rooms with a modern touch and comfortable interior.

Address:
Galwala Road | Pothanegama,
Anuradhapura 50000, Sri Lanka
Phone: +94 25 2 237806
Website: http://www.heritagehotel.lk

2. Milano Tourist Rest

The hotel is located in the heart of Anuradhapura, and it offers 16 spacious and comfortable rooms with modern amenities.

Address:
596 /40, Stage 01
Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka
Phone: +94 25 2 222364
Website: http://www.milanotouristrest.com

The magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa at night.

The magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa at night.

 

Sources:

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jetavanaramaya
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atamasthana
  • http://lakdiva.org/mahavamsa/chap037.html
  • http://www.lankalibrary.com/phpBB/viewtopic.php?f=19&t=4568
  • http://amazinglanka.com/wp/jethavanaramaya/
  • http://www.srilankatravelguide.lk/index.php/2015/11/24/jethavanaramaya-patima-ghara-the-image-house/
  • https://kingdoms2015.wordpress.com/jethavanaramaya-2/
  • http://www.angelfire.com/in4/anuradhapura/jethavana.htm
  • https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/anuradhapura-sight-seen-jethavanaramaya-thilanka-thamel
  • https://www.flickr.com/photos/tags/jethavanaramaya/
  • http://imagessrilanka.blogspot.my/search/label/Jethavanaramaya
  • http://apurahistory.blogspot.my/2009/10/jethavanaramaya.html
  • https://www.wisdomlib.org/definition/sagalika
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahinda_(Buddhist_monk)
  • http://www.cyriltours.com/destinationdetails.php?id=169
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solosmasthana
  • http://www.sundaytimes.lk/070429/Plus/017_pls.html
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  • http://tissawewa.com/an-ancient-city
  • http://srilankaembassy.com.pl/en/sri-lanka/national-festivals/duruthu-poya/
  • http://srilanka-almanac.com/sri_lanka_almanac_jethavanaaraama_dhaageba_portal/diagrams_illustrations/plan.html
  • http://www.leisuretravelsrilanka.com/-blog/archives/07-2014
  • http://srilankaancientcity.blogspot.no/p/anuradhapura_14.html
  • https://www.pledgeholidays.com/jethawanaramaya-stupa
  • http://www.mysrilankaholidays.com/jetavana-dagoba.html
  • http://www.sasrutha.com/article/377918/jethawanaramaya-ජේතවන-විහාරය-amazinglankacom/
  • https://lanka.com/about/attractions/jetavana-monastery/
  • https://sreejithv.com/2016/07/24/tallest-stupa-ancient-world-jethawanaramaya-dagoba-anuradhapura-sri-lanka/
  • http://mysltravel.com/place-to-visit/anuradhapura/sights/jethawanaramaya-of-anuradhapura-kingdom/
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bMkDREgKZEs
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HGCqy9eVJFk
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1cCi4-agHX8
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Z83IG-10-E
  • https://weepingredorger.wordpress.com/2015/06/22/jetavanaramaya-anuradhapura/
  • http://amazinglanka.com/wp/abayagiri-monastery/
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahinda_V_of_Anuradhapura
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raja_Raja_Chola_I
  • https://www.cheops-pyramide.ch/khufu-pyramid/khufu-numbers.html
  • http://www.nationalgeographic.com/pyramids/khafre.html
  • http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=125850
  • http://roadslesstravelledsrilanka.com/news/ancient-jetavana-monastery
  • https://nashaplaneta.net/en/asia/srilanka/anuradhapura-dostoprimechatelnosti

 

For more interesting links:

 

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47 Responses to The Magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa & the Power of Repentance (Sri Lanka)

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  1. Anne Ong on Oct 24, 2017 at 9:10 pm

    Thank you very much Rinpoche and blog team for this wonderful and interesting history of this stupa. I love the history, the people who were involved in building the stupa and the meaning behind it. Beautiful pictures of the this place and would make a very blessed place for pilgrimage. Wonderful and meaningful post! 🙏😍

  2. sweekeong on Oct 12, 2017 at 2:39 pm

    At Colombo Harbour there is a unique stupa, Sambodhi Chaithya. The stupa is built on of interlocking arches at entrance of Marina Drive. When you walk or drive through the road you would go under the stupa.

    srilanka-Colombo-Fort-Sambodhi-Chaithya-Temple

  3. सुरज केसि on Sep 11, 2017 at 10:26 am

    Wow it is very nice and histrolical.

  4. Choong on Sep 9, 2017 at 1:59 pm

    The history of this magnificent stupa describes very well the pitfalls of sectarianism. May its lessons stay with us forever.

  5. Joy Kam on Sep 9, 2017 at 4:17 am

    This blog post is interesting because it shows not only the magnificent engineering skills and architecture of Sri Lanka in ancient times. But what I absolutely love the most was the story of how King Mahasena repented after realising what he did was wrong and created this sacred stupa, along with many other holy monuments.

    By the power of regret, remorse and doing the opposite, he managed to purify his negative karma and was said to reborn as the God of Minneriya. This King reminds me of King Ashoka building all the great monuments in India!

    Now that I know more about the sacredness of this Stupa, and many significant holy sites in Sri Lanka, I appreciate the beautiful country even more and makes me wish to go on a longer pilgrimage trip to Sri Lanka one day. It is actually a very calm and relaxing country, low profile and rich in cultural heritage.

  6. Pastor Lanse on Sep 8, 2017 at 5:41 pm

    读过这篇文章,纵然深深为阿努拉德普勒古城的祗陀林大佛塔的宏伟建筑所折服,却也感慨人性的贪婪和仇恨,导致耗时不下二十年,动用无数人力物力辛苦建成的大佛塔几乎从此消失人间。平民百姓的私心和贪欲固然无法避免,那需要长时间的教育和整个社会的推动和影响。但身为君主或领袖,若依然受到私心的影响,重私情多于子民,重仇恨多于大局,加上昏庸无明,易受人挑拨,国家必然走向灭亡。

    宗教与政治看似无关,却息息相关。纵观历史,佛教兴衰自古都受到政治的影响,大至国家政局,小至宗教流派,甚至僧团、信众间的小众政治,都能决定一个宗教在一个国家、区域、寺院、乃至社团中的存活。政治的稳定,则取决于领导者是否英明果断、平等爱民。

    祗陀林佛塔的缘起,始于摩诃斯那国王误受邪师影响,摧毁了另一教派寺院后所做出的忏悔和补偿。所幸国王愿意反思、勇于承认错误,并当机立断做出补偿,才有了这座佛塔。

    文章中有一段文字引起了我的注意,事实上,那是整篇文章中最令我动容的一段文字。

    According to Nimal de Silva, a Sri Lankan architect:

    …that in most of the major works, the systems used were unique and indigenous. … the perfect linear arrangements seen in the ancient cities showed that engineering plans had been prepared. Construction work … had been supervised. Labour was paid for, and various necessities, such as food and clothing were provided at the workplace.

    大意是一位现代斯里兰卡建筑师对祗陀林大佛坛进行了仔细的研究之后,发现佛塔的建筑使用了独特的系统,不但工程事先经过精心策划,施工过程得到良好的监督,工人福利如衣食住行等也都被妥善照顾。

    这位建筑师短短的一段评论,让我们看到摩诃斯那国王在建筑佛塔时,并不一味为了补偿自己的过错和完成目标,强迫和剥削人民帮他完成佛塔工程,好让他可以坐享其成地“补偿”自己的过错。过程中,他确保一切人、事、物都被妥善照顾,以实际行动和用心显示了真正的忏悔之心。提醒我们完成目标固然重要,但更重要的发心和行动。只有言行一致、贯彻始终才可能带来真正的成功。

    佛塔今日虽已没落,但佛塔的历史却足以让我们学习和借鉴。摩诃斯那国王所为完全是贯彻了佛教中四对治力:诚心忏悔、依止三宝、用实际行动净业和补偿、决心不再重犯。正由于国王认真忏悔和补偿的决心,整个在当时几乎是不可能完成的巨大工程才得以圆满竣工。

  7. Cynthia Lee on Sep 8, 2017 at 5:12 pm

    Archaeological wonders such as Jetavanaramaya Stupa that was built without sophisticated physics, mathematics and tools has always amazed me. It appears so that most ancient buildings are built for love and devotion. I wonder and at the same time most certain that without such deep devotion, these buildings may not arise.

    Example with the King Mahasena, his drive to show repent and remorse has resulted in an important Buddhist ancient structure. His devotion to Buddhism kept him tireless in purifying his negative karma. Such stories is inspiring that building a place a worship can indeed help with our next rebirth.

  8. Abby f on Sep 8, 2017 at 3:21 pm

    What the king has done to purify his misdeeds is impressive. For destroying a Buddhist monastery, the building of a big stupa that holds the Dharma is necessary and his action shows no ego. And the king’s remorse is not just merely words but something that is so beneficial that lasts until today and still benefiting people.

    Holy sites gives us faith for practicing the holy Dharma because we know there were the times where the attained practitioners did their practices here and gain attainments, and if we do the same, we will see attainments as well. As Rinpoche said before, going to holy sites to get blessings, the blessings are to open up our imprints of Dharma. The energy at the holy sites definitely have the power to open up our Dharma imprints because the chanting, studying, practicing of Dharma at the holy sites are too overwhelming.

  9. Chon Kong on Sep 8, 2017 at 3:03 pm

    Very beneficial post .The story of huge and spectacular Jetavanaramaya stupa, tells more about how important and powerful to purify our karma. Stupa can purify our negative karma, blessing of the surrounding environment.This largest stupa is a symbol of the power of repentance, it can make the Dharma teaching sustainability.

  10. Wei Theng on Sep 8, 2017 at 2:56 pm

    The photos of this Jetavanaramaya Stupa (祗陀林佛塔) is breathtaking! It is so huge and it is still one of the largest stupas of the world and the Buddhist pilgrimage site for Sri Lanka with Buddha lyrics. There were also once have 10,000 monks staying in there!

    Reading the history of the stupas, it showed me how due to politics and greed for power and material gain, it causes conflicts as well as causing the harm and the destruction of one sect or monastery and also the religion.

    It also stood up to me the power of repentance that King Mahasena realised his wrong doing and build the stupa to purify his karma and he was reborn as the God of Minneriya (Minneriya Deviyo).
    There is so much benefits in making stupas and i am fortunate that I am closed to the Vajrayogini Stupa in Kechara Forest Retreat that I can frequently circumambulate to purify my negative karma as well as collect merits.
    In Rinpoche’s blog post, there is also a post that shares about the benefits of making stupas as well as different types of stupas. https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/10-articles-on-stupas-contest.html

    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing the history and story of this stupa and may I able to do pilgrimage there. Hope one day we will also have a huge stupa like this Jetavanaramaya Stupa in KFR that will benefit a lot of people who visit it.

  11. Wah Ying on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:59 pm

    From introducing the largest stupa in Sri Lanka, this blog article tells more about the power of repentance. We all make mistakes, but is as long as we are able to let go of our ego and remorse, with Buddhism’s Four Opponent Powers, we are able to purify our bad karma. In this case, the King Mahensena has destroy the monastery and sangha community. But he managed to purify one of this five heinous crimes (create schism), which would make one reborn in Avici hell, but he took a better rebirth by remorsing over what he did and build the stupa especially. This shows how important and powerful to purify our karma according to the Four Opponent Powers.

  12. Lew on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:46 pm

    There are many articles in this blog of different types of pilgrimage places. I thank Rinpoche for informing us different types of pilgrimage places because we all have different likings and preferences, and out of all the different types of pilgrimage places, the chances of us finding what we like definitely increase.

    Personally I really like ancient cities, ancient aliens, ancient technology, etc. Therefore, I am really fascinated by Jetavanaramaya stupa and the surrounding ancient city. I pray that I have a chance to visit this holy site and make extensive offering here. May I never be separated from Dharma and a qualified guru in all my future lives.

  13. Han SF on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:45 pm

    Very informative and beneficial post. I learned a lot from the history of this amazing Jetavanaramaya stupa. Not only the magnificent structure has make impact to the people when visited the Stupa.
    The Stupa represents Buddha’s holy mind, Dharmakaya, and each part of the Stupa shows the path to Enlightenment. Building a Stupa is a very powerful way to purify negative karma and obscurations, and to accumulate extensive merit.
    Like what Tek Lee had shared “before building such sacred place, one will face huge obstacle. And it’s a great purification before they started something big related to dharma.” Jetavanaramaya stupa construction took 15 and 27 years to complete, its a great scared holy pilgrimage place to purify negative karma and collect merits at the same time, may I have the fortune to visit this holy place.

  14. Sarah on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:42 pm

    The Jetavaranamaya Stupa is very impressive due to its size. It has the shape of an Ashokan stupa and I’ve seen some of these old stupas in India. But this stupa in Sri Lanka is the largest stupa I’ve ever seen. It is the result of a great architectural feat! It is said that to build a stupa earns one great merit and purifies one’s negative karma. This stupa is a symbol of the power of repentance because of the reason why it was built. By building a stupa, one can avoid going to the lower realms! In spite of heavy negative karma, it is said that the king who built this stupa was reborn in a gods realm.

  15. Alice Tay on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:41 pm

    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this interesting article. There are some points that stood out to me as follows:
    1. The largest monument in Sri Lanka, Jetavanaramaya Stupa, is also the 4th tallest pyramidal structure in the world behind the Pyramid of Khufu and Pyramid of Khafre. The stupa was built on the ground where the legendary Mahinda Maha Thero gave a seven-day discourse on Buddhism. Mahinda Maha Thero was the son of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka and a great monk who brought Buddhism to Sri Lanka. Also, it is believed that part of Buddha Shakyamuni’s belt is buried inside the stupa.
    2. King Mahasena put down his ego and admitted his mistakes after met with his friend, Minister Meghavannabhaya. To deliver the promise, King Mahasena initiated the building of Jetavanaramaya Stupa, restored many ruined buildings and built many other temples and other structures such as water tanks for the benefit and enjoyment of the People. With his determination and sincerity to mend his mistakes coupled with the good deeds that he had done, it is believed that King Mahasena was reborn as the God of Minneriya (Minneriya Deviyo).

  16. Sharon Ong on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:39 pm

    If King Mahasena did not realise his misdeeds and try to make amends, there will not be such a magnificent stupa today. This architectural marvel is a testament of his sincere wish to right a wrong and to purify his negative karma. Jetavanaramaya Stupa is a sacred site that has benefitted countless and this is only possible to the powers of repentance.

    Thank you for this interesting read.

  17. sweekeong on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:38 pm

    Water is very important resource for living from personal hygiene and agriculture works. I find it interesting that King Mahasena not only repented his mistakes by building stupa and monastery he also contributed to the well being of the people. It is amazing that he initiated construction of more than 17 water tanks and greatly improved irrigation system. This very fact is beneficial to the people because it took care of one of the basic necessity.

  18. bk on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:35 pm

    Two key points stood out in this article:

    Firstly, how politics almost destroyed a particular group of Dharma practitioners. All it took was one influential and powerful person (in this case King Mahasena) to be misled and fooled by his trusted advisor (Sangamitta Thero) who whispered falsehoods into the King’s ear. As a result, the King issued decrees that resulted in the dharma community of Mahavihara Monastery being outcast by the public, left without sponsorship,and forced to relocate to a different place. Worse of course is that their monastery was then looted by the perpetrators of this horrible situation. No wonder the action of creating schism in the sangha is one of the Five Heinous Crimes.

    Which brings me to the second key point. Typically, committing any of the Five Heinous Crimes results in rebirth in the hell realms. However, through the “power of repentance” and his actions of constructing a stupa, King Mahasena not only avoided this terrible rebirth but also took rebirth as the God of Minneriya.

    This goes to show that it is never too late to do something to purify the negative karmas that we have accumulated, no matter how heavy. Even if we cannot build a stupa, there are always tried and tested methods of purification and merit collection available to us, as can be seen in the example of our gurus and our lineage masters. It also goes to show that truly regretting our past negative actions without letting our egos get in the way is part of the purification process, and goes a long way towards the collection of merit as per the Four Opponent Powers.

  19. Kenneth Chan on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:30 pm

    I love how Buddhism has inspired man to create such amazing built environment like this and so many others like it, Nalanda, Ashoka Pillars, Bagan, Borobodur, etc.

  20. Jace Chong on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:28 pm

    Thanks Rinpoche and the blog team for compiling the extensive information on this magnificent stupa!

    The process of the manifestation was through many politics and religious conflicts, fortunately something beneficial arose. It’s amazing to see the planning for the construction is so detailed back then in the era.

    Stupas are very beneficial not only to human, but to animals, insects and to the environment. The hardships of building stupa is something very meaningful and worth to endure as the amount of beings that can be benefited from it is vast.

    I am very fortunate to live and work near a beautiful stupa that was done according to scriptures and consist a lot of blessed items. I hope everyone can come and visit this beautiful stupa in Kechara Forest Retreat 🙂

    Thank you.

    IMG_3844

    • Charlene on Sep 8, 2017 at 3:57 pm

      I agree with Jace that the stupa in Kechara Forest Retreat is beautiful and meaningful. I ever had a magic experience after I visit and turn 3 times of this stupa.

      • Jace Chong on Sep 8, 2017 at 11:40 pm

        It must be something exciting! Please share more on your magical experience 🙂

  21. wan wai meng on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:23 pm

    To destroy a monastery is tremendous negative karma. So I rejoice that King Mahasena, realized his errors after being persuaded by his minister. I felt his minister was indeed a very good spiritual friend.

    King Mahasena committed an act equivalent to the 5 heinous crimes by destroying Mahavihara, such act can lead to a rebirth in Avichi if the karma remains unpurified at the point of death. So happy to know that King Mahasena achieved a god rebirth, which means his act of repentance bore fruits.

  22. CindyH on Sep 7, 2017 at 10:18 pm

    It is interesting that this engineering marvel of ancient times arose due to a dark chapter of King Mahasena’s reign wherein he allowed himself to be led astray and heavily discriminated against Theravada Buddhists. The fact that he can persecute another method of Buddhist teachings, it is not surprising that he is also said to have destroyed at least three Brahmanical god temples: Gokanna Vihara, a vihara in Erakavilla, and a vihara in Brahman Kalanda Village. This drives the point of the danger of intolerance especially by those in power. It also highlights the need for one to really examine for oneself the consequences of one’s action with the teachings of one’s faith properly. Thankfully, King Mahasena was not beyond redemption and actually placed the need for peace above all else. Not surprisingly, due to his willingness to mend the errors of his ways, even those who had previously opposed King Mahasena later rallied around him once more. Considering that many view repentance as uncomfortable as it entails one eating “humble pie” or some form of positive corrective behaviour, King Mahasena’s subsequent actions really spoke volume of his character taking into account the stature given to him by his people at that time (almost God-like).

  23. Esther Goh on Sep 6, 2017 at 10:15 am

    It is so amazing that without the modern technology and sophisticated equipments, the ancient engineers with their ingenuity were able to build the Jetavanaramaya Stupa. This also shows that everything is possible if done with good intentions. It is also worthy to note that King Mahasena despite his position was willing to let go of his ego and repent for his wrongdoings, an act we should emulate.

    Ancient and present times are no difference. Humans are blinded by greed, power and money. To achieve all these they will go through great lengths including harming each other and getting religion involved. We are fortunate that through this degenerate time we are still able to learn Dharma which will guide us to the right path.

  24. Mingwen on Sep 6, 2017 at 8:36 am

    If it’s not about this blog from Tsem Rinpoche, I would never get to know interesting and important things that I would need to know as a human being.

    This Stupa is the world’s tallest Stupa! The stories behind this Stupa were just like drama, full with Ups and downs, in fact, drama is like life, life is like drama. I’m lucky that I ve The chance to know about Dharma in life, which make me accept my drama and do good deeds to make it a better version. The construction materials and knowledge are inspiring and they were out of the box, I guess, they went through lot of trials and failures, until the Stupa was built.

  25. June Kang on Sep 6, 2017 at 8:34 am

    The amazing of Jetavanaramaya stupa structure has make impact to the people mind when visited the Stupa. Although it has gone through so many obstacles but it is worth for it because people collected lots of merits by built it. It really benefits lots of people by just remind people about Buddha and his teaching. To me I always think that building a stupa at that time was a highly difficult works because they do not have the technology we have now. To complete it was a very amazing jobs. it is indeed another magnificent place to visit while in Sri Lanka.

  26. Tek Lee on Sep 6, 2017 at 8:33 am

    After reading the article, I feel that whenever there is human, there is politics and conflict. Doesn’t matter over what subject or what cause, one can easily abuse the power they have. It seems human issue has already started since ancient time, and this is samsara.
    Another thing is, building a sacred place or starting a dharma cause required lots of merits. And, of course if its successfully built, one will gain tremendous merits. Thus, before building such sacred place, one will face huge obstacle. And it’s a great purification before they started something big related to dharma. It is magnificent and impressive that during the ancient time, they could built such a big structure only depending on man power and architecture calculation. This is one place that must visit for pilgrimage. I wish I can visit there one day.

  27. Julia Tan on Sep 6, 2017 at 7:45 am

    What a spectacular super huge stupa. It represent the remorse of the king who had done his wrong to his people by being sectarian. I rejoice for the King to realise his wrong and the negative karma that he committed hence built the huge Jetavanaramaya stupa to purify his karma. Around the stupa there’s a monastery for 3000 monks which showed the rise of the Theravadan Buddhism at that time.

    Sectarianism always exist. It has nothing to do with the religions but the people. Why people choose to destroy each other instead of practicing together harmoniously? In this article it was very clearly explained: “Due to the differences in the Buddhist doctrines that they followed and the necessity of securing royal patronage, there was a great rivalry between Abhayagiri and Mahavihara.” So again, power and money!

    Money is the issue. It reminded me of the ban of Doje Shugden practice. Here we are holding the holy scripture of Buddha, shouting about how good and holy we are by practicing Buddhism yet we discriminating those who are different from us due to our narrow minds. So do we still qualify to talk about loving all sentient beings? How many times in a day we say: “I dedicated my prayer and merits to all sentient beings”? Buddha taught us to love all sentient beings but we destroy each other in the name of His teachings. When can people realise and wake up to understand the true meaning of the rise of all religions?

  28. Pastor Chia on Sep 6, 2017 at 6:36 am

    Jetavanaramaya stupa structure are amazing and make impact for people mind who visiting it. King Mahasena must in peace now by building it and brought such significant sign of buddhism for the future generation. Althrogh King Mahasena has make mistake listen the wrong advice create obstacle for sangha, but by building it able to purify one negative karma. It make me realise when building something holy and bring benifit to many people will to face all the obstacle and challenge and not giving up what had do and keep going until completed.

  29. Pastor Albert on Sep 6, 2017 at 1:40 am

    First thing came into my mind was even during the time that was so close to Buddha Shakyamuni’s time, there are already such big play of politics on Buddhism, moreover now during the degenerate times, people are using religions to attack each other to gain power, money and fame. Whenever there is people, there will always be politics, human’s greed will never stopped and the only way to stop one’s greed / attachment is to follow the Buddha’s path, to reach the state of enlightenment.

    The stupa built was so magnificent, for today’s technology, building this stupa may not be too difficult, but imagine, that is about 2000 years ago, with that technology, people already able to build the stupa is such a big scale, and it even preserved until today, this is one of the great place we should visit that placed such a holy and historical Stupa. Wish one day I could visit too 🙂

  30. Pastor Antoinette on Sep 6, 2017 at 12:41 am

    This is indeed a magnificent Stupa and the remains of the house and surroundings show how much effort and detail was put into this place. The evolution of this beautiful place over time reminds us that everything is impermanent and that even the highest building will not remain as such.

    We can put so much effort into material things but how we make others feel and how we behave has much more impact. The king Mahasena accepted that he did wrong and because of this he changed and did not continue to create harm. So many monks have lived, studies and practiced in this holy place. It is for sure a very good place for a pilgrimage.

  31. Vivian Ong on Sep 6, 2017 at 12:05 am

    Thank your writer’s team for this write up. I am really amazed with the number of bricks that they use to build this stupa. Another thing that I am amazed is how in ancient times people can build such big stupa or pyramid or even monuments. Ancient times’ technology was not so advance like now. King Mahasena realized his own wrong doings and rebuilt back a monastery. King Mahasena is a great builder such as the finest water reservoirs and irrigation systems in the ancient world whereby some of them are still in use today.

    With folded palms,
    Vivian

  32. Andrea Lai on Sep 5, 2017 at 11:46 pm

    The construction of this stupa is awesome and I could hardly imagine it took more than 20 years to complete. Apart of this, what draw my curiosity when the Jetavanaramaya Stupa was found many monks failed appeal for restoration of the stupa. It is understood in samsara, everybody suffer and have karma. Obstacles arises from our negative karma we created, therefore we should obtained into Dharma to collect more merit. Only merit can help lessen or purified our obstacle and guide us pursue the right direction to success or enlightenment.

  33. Pastor Henry Ooi on Sep 5, 2017 at 11:18 pm

    Rinpoche has said that there would be obstacles for the people before any holy place and object could be built or made for dharma to spread. This includes dharma teaching and practice. Because such virtuous efforts would potentially benefit many people at that time and in the future, obstacles would manifest from the people who wanted to or who were assigned for the project. It is vital for the people involved to do and carry on with the work although they were struggling with the obstacles because the efforts and success of such projects purify the karma of those involved and they collect great merit after the completion.

  34. Eric kksiow on Sep 5, 2017 at 11:14 pm

    I was amazed, at that time the stupa construction took between 15 and 27 years to complete, hundreds of skilled engineers and labourers (i.e., stonemasons, bricklayers, and brickyard workers) would have been involved in the building process. And also elephants were used to stamp down the openings that have been filled.

    Wow…. It’s not easy to build a Stupa without any modern technology machines helps.

  35. nicholas on Sep 5, 2017 at 11:06 pm

    It’s sad to see how schism took place and created such suffering within the sangha. Hatred doesn’t choose their victim but we become one when it overruled us. How scary things can be when we let go our mind but fortunate enough through the good friend that make King Mahasena realised and repent his mistake.

    We can see this situation happened similar to Dorje Shugden practice that being suppressed and discriminate that causes much suffering to many Dorje Shugden practitioners around the world. Spirituality is also about respect and harmony rather than emphasising on discriminating the differences.

  36. pammie yap on Sep 5, 2017 at 10:56 pm

    While reading this post, it reminded how similar they were then and what we are facing now. They had their disagreements, obstacles and fights to push for their beliefs and look how the stupa benefit many.
    Likewise now, the ban on Dorje Shugden is making so many people have the same problems but it will also come to the same conclusion, to benefit many.

    The structure and materials used for the stupa is amazing! From the photos and not looking at the information, it looks like any ordinary sized stupa, but the moment I zoomed in, with the people walking around, it took my breath away! It really look awesome. I am glad that after all those history, the stupa was restored to its glory and became a pilgrimage site.

  37. Datuk May on Sep 5, 2017 at 5:29 pm

    Building religious monuments create great amount of merits to the sponsors, builders and all who are involved with such constructions. As these monuments stand to this day, they also serve as powerful places for pilgrimages.

    There were controversies during the ancient time of Sri Lanka’s history of Buddhism between the Theravadan and Mahayana doctrines, at the end of it there arose the Magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa. The reason was because being influenced wrongly against the Theravaden doctrine, King Mahasena in repentance built the Jetavanaramaya Stupa.

    At the time of construction the Jetavanaramaya Stupa was the 4th tallest structure in the world.

    Very interesting history on this magnificent religious monument and it is the wish of Buddhist around the world to go on this pilgrimage to see this holy site.

  38. Stella Cheang on Sep 3, 2017 at 9:45 pm

    The story of how King Mahasena was being charmed and misled by his tutor, but later on repented because he had a conscience and he valued the friendship enough to not let his ego overruled him is truly what stood out to me. This is really a great lesson for us to ponder on. Imagine, a king, who realized his mistake and listened to his “friend” and repented. How many could have done this? This is honorable. I think besides all the holy relics, great Buddha Dharma preserved in Jetavanaramaya stupa, I will always remember it as the stupa where King Mahasena had been humbled. Thank you, Rinpoche, for this magnificent sharing.

  39. Wai Meng Wan on Jul 16, 2017 at 10:23 pm

    The Building of structures that benefits Buddhists and Buddhism, do create tremendous merits and purification for the builder of such structures. It is great that King Mahinda realized the error of his ways, to take the sides of one of the prevailing Buddhist factions of the day.

    Not to forget it was the good friend of King Mahinda who made him realize the error of his ways. Without this friend truly being courageous to let the King know then Sri Lank a could have experienced a lot of bloodshed than necessary.

  40. Pastor David Lai on Jul 6, 2017 at 6:25 am

    I really like this stupa upon first sight. I guess the shape of the stupa looks good and awe-inspiring. I think it is also due to the fact that the stupa is well-preserved and is relatively intact. I am not usually a stupa person but this minimalist structure is attractive and engenders devotion, probably due to the fact that it has a modern appeal, a sort of minimalist appearance.

    It’s just too bad that a place of such beauty was once a place of great destruction and that it was due to sectarianism, in much the same way as how Dorje Shugden practitioners are treated. I guess if this was ancient times and people are not as aware of religious and human rights, Dorje Shugden practitioners would have been wiped out. Hence, we live in a time when people cannot easily get away with such shocking violence and discrimination on the basis of sectarian differences that we are able to retain our practice and dignity.

  41. Paul Yap on Jul 5, 2017 at 11:02 pm

    There are numerous benefits of building a stupa. Even for a King, he knew that the benefits of making the stupa can purify his negative karma.

    Benefits of Making a Stupa:-

    1. – One will be born as the child of a great king.
    2. – One will have a noble body.
    3. – One will become very beautiful and very attractive.
    4. – One will have sharp sense faculties.
    5. – One will be powerful and famous.
    6. – One will have a great entourage of servants.
    7. – One will become a leader of men.
    8. – One will be a support to all.
    9 . – One will be renowned in the ten directions.
    10 . – One will be able to express oneself in words and verses extensively.
    11. – One will receive offerings from men and gods.
    12. – One will possess many riches.
    13. – One will obtain the kingdom of a universal monarch.
    14. – One will have long life.
    15. – One’s body will be like a collection of vajras.
    16. – One’s body will be endowed with the major marks and the minor signs (of a Buddha).
    17. – One will take rebirth in the three higher realms.
    18. – One will swiftly attain complete nirvana.

  42. Lim Han Nee on Jul 5, 2017 at 10:54 pm

    It is sad to see sectarianism creep into the practice of Buddhism even in the early years of its history. In the city of Anuradhapura, the rivalry was between the two sects represented by the monks of the Mahavihara Monastery and those of the Abhayagiri Monastery. Fortunately, King Mahasena who had been deceptively conned into destroying the Mahavihara Monastery, was a man of integrity and wisdom. Hence, when he realised that he had committed a terrible transgression by destroying the Mahavihara Monastery, he was full of remorse and immediately sought to restore it.

    The magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa was built on the grounds of the previous Mahavihara Monastery . It took between 15 and 27 years to complete. In the ninth century, the country fell into the “dark ages” and the seat of Buddhism was moved elsewhere. Anuradhapura was eventually abandoned and this ancient city was covered in jungle.
    The Jetavanaramaya Stupa, after a few failed attempts, has now been restored under the auspices of the UNESCO.

    Despite a tragic past of destruction and being laid to waste, the magnificent Jetavanaramaya Stupa , today ,stands tall and invincible. Pilgrims who visit to pay homage to the holy object within- the belt of Buddha Shakyamuni , will also be paying homage to a great king, King Mahasena, who in sincere remorse for having destroyed the sacred Mahavihara, had commissioned the building of this stupa. The first stupa was a most magnificent structure of sheer ingenuity and sophisticated engineering.It stood as one of the tallest structures in the world, second only to 2 pyramids of Giza and the lighthouse of Alexandria.

    Much must be said of King Mahasena whose building of this great Stupa is a testimony to the power of remorse and repentance.The stupa represents his sincerity in purifying his transgressions and negative karma. He did not let his ego stand in the way of his sincere remorse and heartfelt repentance.

    Pilgrims who visit the Jetavanaramaya Stupa will also be filled with wonder by the fact that they are standing on the very grounds in Sri Lanka, where the legendary monk Mahinda Maha Thero, the son of King Ashoka, had given a 7-day discourse on Buddha. It has been said that he was the monk who had brought Buddhism to Sri Lanka.

    The Jetavanaramaya Stupa is therefore a must for pilgrims to visit in Sri Lanka.

  43. Choong on Jul 5, 2017 at 10:29 pm

    This era saw the nexus of aristocracy, caste and religious belief resulting in an unpredictable and tumultuous outcome for two subsequently defined Buddhist traditions, both of which were walking the same path of liberation but with a different focus – self liberation with a focus on vows, vs. the Mahayana focus on liberation for the benefit of all sentient beings.

    It was also during this time that Arya Nagarjuna’s ideas about the Bodhisattva attracted the nobility in Sri Lanka as well as the Abhayagiri. One of them was the nobleman Aryadeva from Sri Lanka who became a great disciple of Nagarjuna.

    Aryadeva’s “Hundred Verses Treatise” became one of the three basic texts of the Chinese Madhyamaka school founded by the central Asian monk Kumārajīva (b. 344–d. 413), which accordingly was called the Sanlun (Jpn. Sanron), or “three-treatise” school.

    It is interesting to read about the context in which Buddhism developed, vanished and spread during this tumultuous period. Much of its context can be seen in the “Mahavamsa: The Great Chronicle of Sri Lanka”.

    Thank you Rinpoche for this article. To me it shows that there is no right, no wrong, just karma manifesting. Most importantly it shows how one should learn from experience, in this case, the lesson and power of repentance, the first of the four opponent powers.

  44. Fong on Jul 5, 2017 at 5:49 pm

    It pains me to rad about the unscrupulous sangha like Sangamitta Thero bring about destruction the the stupa with his wily ways. Such bad karma to bring disrepute and destruction to places of worship and reverence. Is this occur throughout history that the greed of man comes foremost?

    The saving grace is that there were still good and religious people to stand up for dharma and Buddhism and all that it stands for; so much so that Buddhism still flourishes today in Sri Lanka.

    Thank you for very soul searching article.

  45. Samfoonheei on Jul 5, 2017 at 12:10 am

    The Jetavanaramaya is a stupa located in the ruins of Jetavana in the sacred world heritage … The structure is significant in the island’s history seem to be the tallest structures in the ancient world. Is a proof of the advanced engineering and construction skills of the ancient. Amazing…..with much renovation done since 1981 on these ruins stupa ,under UNESCO poject still far from completion..Archaeologists have unearthed various artefacts dated 21 centuries BC which is now at the Jetavana Museum.Amazing discoveries and amazing great skillfulness ,techniques used to build the stupa and the surrounding structures.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing these interesting post history and very informtive for anyone to visit much easier.

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  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 02:26 AM
    Thai King, Such A Great Monarch!

    I have admired this great Monarch, leader and Dharmaraja since I first read of him many years back. I do not admire him in a political capacity. I am not into politics nor get involved. My post here on him is not as a political figure. But my admiration for him is as a great human being, a kind hearted person and someone who works for others. My praise of him is as a great human being. He is a great hero for me. I admire people who use their lives for others.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/thai-king-such-a-great-monarch.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 02:16 AM
    Vajra Yogini Daju or self initiation

    Self initiation purifies ones vows taken before, mends them, re affirms them, and powerful to purify many downfalls in general that prevent attainments from one’s practice. Also you may retake your mantra count commitment if it was broken.

    You plant the 4 types of initiations into one’s mindstream. It is necessary for the Lama also to do daju prior to conferring Vajra Yogini’s initiation to others.

    It is a powerful tantric practice to restore one’s practice from time to time to assure success in one’s sadhanas.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/vajra-yogini-daju-or-self-initiation.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 02:12 AM
    Buddhist monastery from 700 AD found

    Kolkata, India — The excavations at Moghalmari, a nondescript village at West Midnapore in West Bengal, recently brought to the fore a gateway complex of the Buddhist monastery, dating to 7th century AD.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/travel/buddhist-monastery-from-700-ad-found.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 02:10 AM
    A Poem to My Teacher…

    A beautiful heartfelt poem written by Rinpoche to his Guru, Kyabje Zong Rinpoche.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/a-poem-to-my-teacher.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 02:04 AM
    Tsongkhapa Retreat Instructions : FOR A POWERFULLY BLESSED TSONGKHAPA RETREAT

    Very detailed instructions for the Lama Tsongkapa retreat.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/tsongkhapa/tsongkhapa-retreat-instructions-and-prayer-text.html
  • Sofi
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 01:58 AM
    Found Some Old Kalmyck Friends

    Wonderful how facebook helped Rinpoche connect with his friends and sparked the fruition of Rinpoche’s autobiography.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/students-friends/found-some-old-kalmyck-friends.html
  • Yee Yin
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:39 AM
    Baha’i faith started in Iran in the early 1800s and ended up with its spiritual locus, by accident of empire in modern Israel. It is a faith that embraces all major religions, positing that God enlightened humankind over the ages by sending prophets – Abraham, Zoroaster, Krishna, the Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad. As noncontroversial as that may seem, it hasn’t prevented Baha’is from being persecuted, mostly in Iran, where they are regarded as apostates. The problem is with the idea that the Creator sent a messenger after Muhammad.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/art-architecture/sanctuary-for-a-persecuted-faith.html
    [no sender]
  • Chris
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:37 AM

    The 16th Karmapa is a highly respected monk due to his high attainments. He is not someone that will simply make remarks or comments on Buddha’s statue if it is not correct or he is not 100% sure. When he asked for the statue to be removed, the Karmapa knows what he is doing.

    Advice from a master who is this caliber should not be taken lightly. The 16th Karmapa is renowned for his attainments and clairvoyance. He should had seen into the future to know what will happen in the future and the how Dorje Shugden will be the best protector for us during this time.

    He could have recommended any other Kagyu protectors but he did not. Now we see how big the Dorje Shugden issue is and everyone who has the merit and affinity to Dorje Shugden will start to grow as well.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/the-prophecy-of-the-16th-karmapa.html

  • Yee Yin
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:30 AM
    After Shakyamuni’s death, practitioners took Buddha’s teachings to East Asia, where the religion still exists today in countries like Mongolia, Korea, China, and Japan. In order to reach East Asia however, these teachers followed the Silk Route, leaving through northern India and traveling into Central Asia, a region of the world which includes countries like Pakistan and Afghanistan.

    Thus as Buddhism migrated eastwards, its practitioners established monasteries and gave teachings in Central Asia. As a result of these teachers, there now many Buddhist sites throughout Pakistan which archaeologists are uncovering every day.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/art-architecture/the-ancient-buddhist-world-of-pakistan.html
    [no sender]
  • chris
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:25 AM
    Thank you, Rinpoche for sharing this article with us. It is amazing to see how intelligent and kind some animals are. Who would have thought that a whale will have the ability to think that the women are in danger and it has to help her?

    This shows that animals have feelings and they do know kindness. They can appreciate and give kindness. That women also have some good karma too. Due to her work to raise awareness for whales, she would have saved alot of whale through her work. Hence, the good karma comes back and saved her life.

    This is also why I am a vegetarian. Other animals have feelings too and they are afraid of dying as well. Why will I want to put animals through the process of suffering just to fill my stomach? That does not make sense.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/whale-saves-woman-from-a-shark.html
  • Chris
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:23 AM
    This is an interesting finding that red meat can shorten our life. From the health point of view, red meat has high cholesterol and animal fat content. Those are actually not good for our body and they can cause a lot of problems when our age catches on and our body can’t heal itself quick enough anymore.

    On the Karma point of view, eating meat is the act of killing. Some might debate saying they are not involved in the killing of the animal directly and hence it is not considered as killing. However, they don’t realize that they are creating causes for the animal to be killed by requesting for its meat. The Butcher will then have to kill the animals to provide the meat for you. Hence, it is still considered as killing but indirectly.

    The karma of killing is very heavy and many are not aware of it. The effect from the karma of killing is where we will have a life where we will have difficulties to stay alive. We will be born in places where there will be alot of disease and not good for living. Hence, it will be better for us to go vegetarianism. The diet of compassion and kindness.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/harvard-proves-eating-red-meat-shortens-lives.html
  • Yee Yin
    Wednesday, Oct 17. 2018 12:19 AM
    Do you believe there are ghosts, spirits, and beings that we cannot see? I do believe in that. There are people who are born with a third eye and they can see what we cannot. I think it also depends on the ‘frequency’ of the third eye, I found different people can see different types of beings. My cousin was born with a third eye, he sees spirits that look just like a normal human except they are kind of transparent. I have another friend who can also see spirits, she can see spirits that are in human and non-human form.

    What are the different forms unseen beings will manifest? Watch these Japanese movies to learn about the spirit/ghost culture in Japan.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/film-tv-music/kwaidan-japanese-folklore.html
    [no sender]
  • Lin Mun
    Tuesday, Oct 16. 2018 10:40 PM
    Indeed a very important number 4 (Noble Truth) not only for Buddhist but everyone. If we understand the teaching then we will practise the right path and not do any more things that will create more suffering on ourselves. Therefore transforming our mind is very important.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/magic-4.html
  • Sofi
    Tuesday, Oct 16. 2018 01:55 AM
    Numerology is one of the ways that may help us understand our characteristics and in doing so help to guide us in our daily lives. However, it is still better to put our Dharma teachings that H.E, Tsem Tulku Rinpoche had kindly taught us into practice to gain the real peace that we seek.

    https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/numerology/about-numerology.html
  • Sofi
    Tuesday, Oct 16. 2018 01:51 AM

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The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
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The Reasons Why People Who Practice Dorje Shugden Do Not Go To the Three Lower Realms- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSBbFiexCCE
1 week ago
The Reasons Why People Who Practice Dorje Shugden Do Not Go To the Three Lower Realms- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSBbFiexCCE
Very interesting blog post that goes along with this depiction of the Yeti. - https://bit.ly/2E43COF
1 week ago
Very interesting blog post that goes along with this depiction of the Yeti. - https://bit.ly/2E43COF
His Holiness Sharpa Choje Rinpoche Jetsun Lobsang Nyima of Gaden Shartse Monastery. He was a supreme master of both Sutra and Tantra. He served as abbot of both Gaden Shartse Monastery as well as Gyuto Tantric college. After serving as abbot of Gyuto Tantric college he entered into a few long term (3 year, 3 month and 3 day) Vajra Yogini retreats in the forest. He completed that long retreat twice and was going to enter it again till he was asked to be abbot of Gaden Shartse Monastery by H.H. the Dalai Lama. He was a great practitioner of Vajra Yogini\'s tantra as well as Dorje Shugden. He was a scholar of the highest renown and he was highly sought after for teachings. He was very devoted to Dorje Shugden throughout his whole life as a pure monk. I was fortunate enough to have him as one of my teachers. Humbly, Tsem Rinpoche

To read more- https://bit.ly/2zW2Grz
1 week ago
His Holiness Sharpa Choje Rinpoche Jetsun Lobsang Nyima of Gaden Shartse Monastery. He was a supreme master of both Sutra and Tantra. He served as abbot of both Gaden Shartse Monastery as well as Gyuto Tantric college. After serving as abbot of Gyuto Tantric college he entered into a few long term (3 year, 3 month and 3 day) Vajra Yogini retreats in the forest. He completed that long retreat twice and was going to enter it again till he was asked to be abbot of Gaden Shartse Monastery by H.H. the Dalai Lama. He was a great practitioner of Vajra Yogini's tantra as well as Dorje Shugden. He was a scholar of the highest renown and he was highly sought after for teachings. He was very devoted to Dorje Shugden throughout his whole life as a pure monk. I was fortunate enough to have him as one of my teachers. Humbly, Tsem Rinpoche To read more- https://bit.ly/2zW2Grz
Beautiful thangka painting of Lord Yamantaka the slayer of ignorance and who bestows supreme wisdom that eradicates all projections.
1 week ago
Beautiful thangka painting of Lord Yamantaka the slayer of ignorance and who bestows supreme wisdom that eradicates all projections.
Kadroma Metsik Nakmo or Dakini Ucchusma who purifies and heals the body.
1 week ago
Kadroma Metsik Nakmo or Dakini Ucchusma who purifies and heals the body.
I am reciting a daily prayer to Dorje Shugden. Here is the youtube link to the audio- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-OSudd323A
2 weeks ago
I am reciting a daily prayer to Dorje Shugden. Here is the youtube link to the audio- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-OSudd323A
It\'s hard to not fall in love with little cute Pema baby girl. She is so light, happy and wags her tail super fast when she sees us or anyone. Super friendly. She is a heart breaker for sure. Teehee...She is our Kechara Forest Retreat doggie and runs free throughout our sacred land. Her name Pema means lotus. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
It's hard to not fall in love with little cute Pema baby girl. She is so light, happy and wags her tail super fast when she sees us or anyone. Super friendly. She is a heart breaker for sure. Teehee...She is our Kechara Forest Retreat doggie and runs free throughout our sacred land. Her name Pema means lotus. Tsem Rinpoche
My Nepalese boys work hard and I appreciate them. Today we have purchased special foods for them to snack on and also to cook with so they won\'t be so homesick. These foods are all imported from their country. There\'s a street in downtown K.L. that sell all this. So happy to get this for them. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
My Nepalese boys work hard and I appreciate them. Today we have purchased special foods for them to snack on and also to cook with so they won't be so homesick. These foods are all imported from their country. There's a street in downtown K.L. that sell all this. So happy to get this for them. Tsem Rinpoche
I come out of the bathroom to be greeted by the mess the two monsters made...Some more they want snacks! Monster Oser girl and Monster Dharma boy.
4 weeks ago
I come out of the bathroom to be greeted by the mess the two monsters made...Some more they want snacks! Monster Oser girl and Monster Dharma boy.
This blog post has had amazing response. Since published on July 27, 2018, there has been 114,788 views and still increasing. I am happy to see how this post has made things clearer. Do visit this post here-  https://bit.ly/2MATbGe
4 weeks ago
This blog post has had amazing response. Since published on July 27, 2018, there has been 114,788 views and still increasing. I am happy to see how this post has made things clearer. Do visit this post here- https://bit.ly/2MATbGe
His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche with his disciple Kyabje Dagom Rinpoche. Beautiful picture.
4 weeks ago
His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche with his disciple Kyabje Dagom Rinpoche. Beautiful picture.
This monk takes trance of Dorje Shugden and he was happy to receive THE PROMISE book in Tibet
1 month ago
This monk takes trance of Dorje Shugden and he was happy to receive THE PROMISE book in Tibet
Find out about the blessed healing water for health and healing at Kechara Forest Retreat- https://bit.ly/2CtVQNk
1 month ago
Find out about the blessed healing water for health and healing at Kechara Forest Retreat- https://bit.ly/2CtVQNk
This is my ultimate home!!! Blue waters, trees, skies, mountains, house that is open, retreat, meditation, Buddha images and purple flowers. Wow. Such a perfect place for me. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
This is my ultimate home!!! Blue waters, trees, skies, mountains, house that is open, retreat, meditation, Buddha images and purple flowers. Wow. Such a perfect place for me. Tsem Rinpoche
To see other beautiful portrayals of Dorje Shugden, click here: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
1 month ago
To see other beautiful portrayals of Dorje Shugden, click here: https://bit.ly/2Nt3FHz
Severed head Vajra Yogini has a brilliant orange body, orange darting eyes, wearing a necklace of freshly cut human heads firmly standing within a wisdom fire emanating from her sacred body reminding us to cut off our self damaging ego. Without the ego, our sufferings cannot survive and our happiness will arise. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Severed head Vajra Yogini has a brilliant orange body, orange darting eyes, wearing a necklace of freshly cut human heads firmly standing within a wisdom fire emanating from her sacred body reminding us to cut off our self damaging ego. Without the ego, our sufferings cannot survive and our happiness will arise. Tsem Rinpoche
A thought on how to repay the kindness of the guru
1 month ago
A thought on how to repay the kindness of the guru
Very nice old artwork on the Bodha Stupa in Nepal.
1 month ago
Very nice old artwork on the Bodha Stupa in Nepal.
This is quite interesting....
1 month ago
This is quite interesting....
Wonderful statement by His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Although Dorje Shugden is not negative, lets hope His Holiness can apply this to the Shugden issue. Then there will be peace.
1 month ago
Wonderful statement by His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Although Dorje Shugden is not negative, lets hope His Holiness can apply this to the Shugden issue. Then there will be peace.
Left to right: Tritul Rinpoche, Gaden Tripa Rinpoche, Zong Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche in Gaden Shartse Monastic prayer hall during puja.
1 month ago
Left to right: Tritul Rinpoche, Gaden Tripa Rinpoche, Zong Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche in Gaden Shartse Monastic prayer hall during puja.
The oracle of Dorje Shugden Choyang Dulzin Kuten of Gaden making offerings to Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche during a teaching in Gaden Shartse Monastery.
1 month ago
The oracle of Dorje Shugden Choyang Dulzin Kuten of Gaden making offerings to Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche during a teaching in Gaden Shartse Monastery.
Their Holinesses Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche and Kyabje Zong Rinpoche
1 month ago
Their Holinesses Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche and Kyabje Zong Rinpoche
Please click on this picture and see how tragic this is.
1 month ago
Please click on this picture and see how tragic this is.
Advice by His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche- https://bit.ly/2NiryBg
1 month ago
Advice by His Holiness Kyabje Zong Rinpoche- https://bit.ly/2NiryBg
Zong Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche in 1987 Los Angeles.
1 month ago
Zong Rinpoche and Tsem Rinpoche in 1987 Los Angeles.
Beautiful Yamantaka print
1 month ago
Beautiful Yamantaka print
Beautiful and sacred Vajra Yogini painting for you to download free in high file to print out, frame and place on your shrine or share with friends. May you be blessed. Download here: 
 https://bit.ly/2N5zI02
2 months ago
Beautiful and sacred Vajra Yogini painting for you to download free in high file to print out, frame and place on your shrine or share with friends. May you be blessed. Download here: https://bit.ly/2N5zI02
The Fifth Dalai Lama & Dorje Shugden | ༧གོང་ས་ལྔ་པ་ཆེན་པོ་དང་རྡོ་རྗེ་ཤུགས་ལྡན། | 第五世达赖尊者与多杰雄登---read more--- https://bit.ly/2C65Iwr
2 months ago
The Fifth Dalai Lama & Dorje Shugden | ༧གོང་ས་ལྔ་པ་ཆེན་པོ་དང་རྡོ་རྗེ་ཤུགས་ལྡན། | 第五世达赖尊者与多杰雄登---read more--- https://bit.ly/2C65Iwr
My childhood researchers: https://bit.ly/2wroucv
2 months ago
My childhood researchers: https://bit.ly/2wroucv
A message to share. Thanks. Do click and share.
2 months ago
A message to share. Thanks. Do click and share.
Buddhist art has a rich and intricate tradition of expressing the divine iconography of awakened beings.~Tsem Rinpoche

Do enjoy the many wonderful Free Art PDF\'s here- https://bit.ly/2nXjK9T
2 months ago
Buddhist art has a rich and intricate tradition of expressing the divine iconography of awakened beings.~Tsem Rinpoche Do enjoy the many wonderful Free Art PDF's here- https://bit.ly/2nXjK9T
Mumu boy was Tsem Rinpoche\'s little Schnauzer. Partly because of Mumu Kechara was started and you must find out why that is. Do read more and see very cute adorable pictures: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=122472
2 months ago
Mumu boy was Tsem Rinpoche's little Schnauzer. Partly because of Mumu Kechara was started and you must find out why that is. Do read more and see very cute adorable pictures: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=122472
Kamakura is one of my favorite places
2 months ago
Kamakura is one of my favorite places
Anger...
2 months ago
Anger...
In 1989, Bill Porter, also known by his pen name ‘Red Pine’, travelled to the Zhongnan Mountains in China to meet some of these hermits and learn about their way of life. This resulted in his publishing the work titled Road to Heaven: Encounters with Chinese Hermits in 1993. 25 years later, Bill Porter travelled back to the same mountains to see if life there had changed. The outcome of this particular trip was a documentary titled Hermit, about a modern-day journey into the heart of the hermit tradition in China. This is a must watch documentary with so much to learn to enhance our lives which will give us hope as we are all drowning in materialism’s false promises.~Tsem Rinpoche

Fantastic and profound documentary: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=163457
2 months ago
In 1989, Bill Porter, also known by his pen name ‘Red Pine’, travelled to the Zhongnan Mountains in China to meet some of these hermits and learn about their way of life. This resulted in his publishing the work titled Road to Heaven: Encounters with Chinese Hermits in 1993. 25 years later, Bill Porter travelled back to the same mountains to see if life there had changed. The outcome of this particular trip was a documentary titled Hermit, about a modern-day journey into the heart of the hermit tradition in China. This is a must watch documentary with so much to learn to enhance our lives which will give us hope as we are all drowning in materialism’s false promises.~Tsem Rinpoche Fantastic and profound documentary: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=163457
Wrathful Dakini Ucchusma-In the form of wrathful dakini, Ucchusma has 3 eyes; with both hands holding a vase with nectar at her heart level, her hair loose, and no ornaments. She wears a garment of black silk, with two legs, feet together, standing on a lotus and sun disc. This deity functions to remove negative energy and pollutions from body, speech and mind. The practice was conferred by a Dakini to Drupangsa. -Mantra: Om ar-kham zir-kam bu-ma-na-se ou-cus-ha-ma ma-ha tro-da hung phet
2 months ago
Wrathful Dakini Ucchusma-In the form of wrathful dakini, Ucchusma has 3 eyes; with both hands holding a vase with nectar at her heart level, her hair loose, and no ornaments. She wears a garment of black silk, with two legs, feet together, standing on a lotus and sun disc. This deity functions to remove negative energy and pollutions from body, speech and mind. The practice was conferred by a Dakini to Drupangsa. -Mantra: Om ar-kham zir-kam bu-ma-na-se ou-cus-ha-ma ma-ha tro-da hung phet
Tibetan Painted Scrolls Volumes 1-3 in original print is something very rare and expensive to come by. I really like these very much from what I can see.
2 months ago
Tibetan Painted Scrolls Volumes 1-3 in original print is something very rare and expensive to come by. I really like these very much from what I can see.
Kechara Forest Retreat doing the extended puja of Dorje Shugden and Tsem Rinpoche attends the 2nd half. Good video to download: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-an_NAH6Mk
2 months ago
Kechara Forest Retreat doing the extended puja of Dorje Shugden and Tsem Rinpoche attends the 2nd half. Good video to download: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-an_NAH6Mk
A powerful meme to share.
2 months ago
A powerful meme to share.
Beautiful Avalokitesvara scroll painting.
2 months ago
Beautiful Avalokitesvara scroll painting.
Black Garuda. 18th century. U (Central Tibet). Tradition Gelug
2 months ago
Black Garuda. 18th century. U (Central Tibet). Tradition Gelug
Palden Lhamo. 18th century. Tibet. Tradition: Gelug
2 months ago
Palden Lhamo. 18th century. Tibet. Tradition: Gelug
Dorje Jigje. 15th century. Narthang, Tsang (South-Central Tibet). Tradition: Sakya
2 months ago
Dorje Jigje. 15th century. Narthang, Tsang (South-Central Tibet). Tradition: Sakya
The oracle of Dorje Shugden in Dungkar Monastery in Tibet. Very old vintage photo from 1923 by an English Earl Lord Ronaldshay in his book, \"Land Of The Thunderbolt Sikkim, Chunbi & Bhutan\". This Lord met up with Dorje Shugden via the oracle. He devotes a chapter in his book about this oracle and encounter.
2 months ago
The oracle of Dorje Shugden in Dungkar Monastery in Tibet. Very old vintage photo from 1923 by an English Earl Lord Ronaldshay in his book, "Land Of The Thunderbolt Sikkim, Chunbi & Bhutan". This Lord met up with Dorje Shugden via the oracle. He devotes a chapter in his book about this oracle and encounter.
Beautiful old photograph of the Kamakura Buddha in Japan.
2 months ago
Beautiful old photograph of the Kamakura Buddha in Japan.
Never before seen footage of Tsem Rinpoche with various oracles- https://bit.ly/292jMaG
2 months ago
Never before seen footage of Tsem Rinpoche with various oracles- https://bit.ly/292jMaG
In around 2 weeks, there are over 30k views already! Videos are great! Must watch!- https://bit.ly/2K0gNhB
2 months ago
In around 2 weeks, there are over 30k views already! Videos are great! Must watch!- https://bit.ly/2K0gNhB
Click on "View All Photos" above to view more images

Videos On The Go

Please click on the images to watch video
  • In a low-income neighbourhood, this man is growing his own organic produce, and giving extras away for free to neighbours who can’t afford fresh ingredients from the store. Must watch!
    2 hours ago
    In a low-income neighbourhood, this man is growing his own organic produce, and giving extras away for free to neighbours who can’t afford fresh ingredients from the store. Must watch!
  • Neat little video
    yesterday
    Neat little video
  • It is nice to see sangha release animals into the wild. Gen Kunchok Palden and Chodrak contributed to releasing of frogs back into the wild. This is wonderful. Compassion is the mainstay of all spirituality. Tsem Rinpoche
    7 days ago
    It is nice to see sangha release animals into the wild. Gen Kunchok Palden and Chodrak contributed to releasing of frogs back into the wild. This is wonderful. Compassion is the mainstay of all spirituality. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This is a special ‘carpet’ for dogs that you hide their snacks and they have to go digging for it. It is challenging and fun where they use their nose, paws and all to dig and find the snacks in between. This dog play carpet is ordered online. You can see little Zopa baby who is a Kechara resident doggie looking for the snacks in this cute video. She is kept busy and entertained! Tsem Rinpoche
    1 week ago
    This is a special ‘carpet’ for dogs that you hide their snacks and they have to go digging for it. It is challenging and fun where they use their nose, paws and all to dig and find the snacks in between. This dog play carpet is ordered online. You can see little Zopa baby who is a Kechara resident doggie looking for the snacks in this cute video. She is kept busy and entertained! Tsem Rinpoche
  • Kechara Forest Retreat in Bentong, Malaysia’s dog Pema is super adorable and cute. Everyone loves her. She is wearing a Manjushri blessing pendant.
    1 month ago
    Kechara Forest Retreat in Bentong, Malaysia’s dog Pema is super adorable and cute. Everyone loves her. She is wearing a Manjushri blessing pendant.
  • Spontaneous trance in Tibet by powerful healing Protector Dorje Shugden of a monk who usually takes trance.
    1 month ago
    Spontaneous trance in Tibet by powerful healing Protector Dorje Shugden of a monk who usually takes trance.
  • 喀切玛波向詹杜固仁波切献供养
    1 month ago
    喀切玛波向詹杜固仁波切献供养
    喀切玛波护法降神,向詹杜固仁波切献供曼扎及身语意之供养,同时也加持马来西亚克切拉禅修林道场。喀切玛波护法乃古时候的紫玛护法,他是藏地首座佛教寺院桑耶寺的护法神
  • Huge Chenresig statue being built. Very beautiful.
    1 month ago
    Huge Chenresig statue being built. Very beautiful.
  • Sacred Kache Marpo in trance of oracle makes offerings to Tsem Rinpoche and blesses the temple in Kechara Forest Retreat in Malaysia. Kache Marpo in ancient times was known as Tsiu Marpo the great protector of Samye Monastery which is the first monastery of Tibet.
    1 month ago
    Sacred Kache Marpo in trance of oracle makes offerings to Tsem Rinpoche and blesses the temple in Kechara Forest Retreat in Malaysia. Kache Marpo in ancient times was known as Tsiu Marpo the great protector of Samye Monastery which is the first monastery of Tibet.
  • Shugden practice in Tibet strong and growing
    2 months ago
    Shugden practice in Tibet strong and growing
  • It is Tsunmo Nunnery in Tibet. This nunnery all practise Dorje Shugden.
    2 months ago
    It is Tsunmo Nunnery in Tibet. This nunnery all practise Dorje Shugden.
  • Light offerings to the outdoor Buddha Tara shrine in Kechara Forest Retreat, Malaysia at night. Beautiful.
    2 months ago
    Light offerings to the outdoor Buddha Tara shrine in Kechara Forest Retreat, Malaysia at night. Beautiful.
  • Interesting new interview of Boy George where he mentions about his practicing Buddhism- See the clip I snagged for you above. It’s beautiful to see him chanting. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 months ago
    Interesting new interview of Boy George where he mentions about his practicing Buddhism- See the clip I snagged for you above. It’s beautiful to see him chanting. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Dharma boy is always mooching for a free snack! As shown in the video, Dharma gave up real fast and is waiting anxiously for a free snack!
    3 months ago
    Dharma boy is always mooching for a free snack! As shown in the video, Dharma gave up real fast and is waiting anxiously for a free snack!
  • Oser girl is very determined to get the snacks out! Look at how her cute little hands hold onto the ball.
    3 months ago
    Oser girl is very determined to get the snacks out! Look at how her cute little hands hold onto the ball.
  • Yudroma takes trance at Gyuto
    3 months ago
    Yudroma takes trance at Gyuto
    In Dharamsala there is a famous oracle to the Goddess Yudroma. She is the protector of Gyuto Tantric Monastic College. Many monks consult her for guidance. Here she is attending a puja session at Gyuto Tantric Monastic College where she is pleased with the people helping the monastery and takes trance spontaneously to express this. Tsem Rinpoche
  • The Simpsons: Lisa becomes a Buddhist
    3 months ago
    The Simpsons: Lisa becomes a Buddhist
  • Considering getting a tattoo of a Buddha image? Watch this video.
    3 months ago
    Considering getting a tattoo of a Buddha image? Watch this video.
  • Tsem Rinpoche’s personal shrine. May everyone who view the shrine be blessed and have peace.
    3 months ago
    Tsem Rinpoche’s personal shrine. May everyone who view the shrine be blessed and have peace.
  • Very powerful and heartwarming short video about love. A must watch and a must share. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    Very powerful and heartwarming short video about love. A must watch and a must share. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Megnath is such a devotee of Bhagawan Dorje Shugden where he brought this protector to many people. Must watch this short video of him with the school kids. Lovely. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    Megnath is such a devotee of Bhagawan Dorje Shugden where he brought this protector to many people. Must watch this short video of him with the school kids. Lovely. Tsem Rinpoche
  • My super adorable Oser girl Schnauzer reaching for a carrot on a chair. Her face looks like a stuffed animal toy. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    My super adorable Oser girl Schnauzer reaching for a carrot on a chair. Her face looks like a stuffed animal toy. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This is the shrine next to my working table where I sit daily. Tsem Rinpoche
    3 months ago
    This is the shrine next to my working table where I sit daily. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Who is that?? Wow Wow
    3 months ago
    Who is that?? Wow Wow
    Tsem Rinpoche's pet Schnauzers Oser & Dharma trying to get attention of the life-like statue of Rinpoche's guru Kyabje Zong Rinpoche which was offered by the students
  • Nothing Stops Me from Getting the Snack!
    3 months ago
    Nothing Stops Me from Getting the Snack!
    Tsem Rinpoche's pet Schnauzer Oser got the snack from the ball!
  • I must get the snack!
    3 months ago
    I must get the snack!
    Tsem Rinpoche's pet Schnauzer Oser trying hard to get her snack out of the ball!
  • I love this green snack munch munch munch
    3 months ago
    I love this green snack munch munch munch
    Tsem Rinpoche's pet Schnauzer Oser enjoying her green snack!
  • ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 3: Starring the two silly doggie clowns doing jumps for carrot tidbits. Teehee
    3 months ago
    ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 3: Starring the two silly doggie clowns doing jumps for carrot tidbits. Teehee
  • ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 2: Starring the mega monsters Oser and Dharma. Teehee
    3 months ago
    ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 2: Starring the mega monsters Oser and Dharma. Teehee
  • ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 1: Guess what are the two monsters looking for??? Teehee…cute
    3 months ago
    ‘Ahm-ahm’ video part 1: Guess what are the two monsters looking for??? Teehee…cute
  • This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    12 months ago
    This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    This video is thought-provoking and very interesting. Watch! Thanks so much to our friends at LIVEKINDLY.
  • Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
    12 months ago
    Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
  • BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
    12 months ago
    BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
  • Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
    12 months ago
    Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
  • Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
    12 months ago
    Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
  • Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
    12 months ago
    Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    12 months ago
    This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    she received “one last visit from an old friend” 💔💔
  • Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
    12 months ago
    Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
  • Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
    12 months ago
    Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
  • Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant  Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
    1 years ago
    Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
  • Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
    1 years ago
    Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
  • Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 years ago
    Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
  • What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    1 years ago
    What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    Sick animals are more profitable... farms calculate how close to death they can keep animals without killing them. That's the business model. How quickly they can be made to grow, how tightly they can be packed, how much or how little can they eat, how sick they can get without dying... We live in a world in which it's conventional to treat an animal like a block of wood. ~ Jonathan Safran Foer
  • This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
    1 years ago
    This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
  • SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    1 years ago
    SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    This happens daily in slaughterhouse so you can get your pork and Bak ku teh. Stop eating meat.

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CHAT PICTURES

The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
19 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
19 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
19 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
19 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
19 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one, guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
19 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star" wishes is for our very special one guess who?? By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
19 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
19 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
19 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
19 hours ago
The students of KSDS are wrote in message "DIY Lucky Star", wishes is for our very special one guess who??By Asyley Chia KSDS
The stone art returned back to the students after teacher Wong Yew Kien done spay on met protection coatings.thank you teacher Kien and students's effort the stone art are so nice and colorful.By Asyley Chia KSDS
20 hours ago
The stone art returned back to the students after teacher Wong Yew Kien done spay on met protection coatings.thank you teacher Kien and students's effort the stone art are so nice and colorful.By Asyley Chia KSDS
The stone art returned back to the students after teacher Wong Yew Kien done spay on met protection coatings.thank you teacher Kien and students's effort the stone art are so nice and colorful. by Asyley Chia KSDS
20 hours ago
The stone art returned back to the students after teacher Wong Yew Kien done spay on met protection coatings.thank you teacher Kien and students's effort the stone art are so nice and colorful. by Asyley Chia KSDS
三代同堂,修行学佛, 克切拉是个好地方。 感谢詹杜古仁波切创办了克切拉, 让我们修心学佛。By Asyley Chia KSDS
20 hours ago
三代同堂,修行学佛, 克切拉是个好地方。 感谢詹杜古仁波切创办了克切拉, 让我们修心学佛。By Asyley Chia KSDS
Teacher Melinda teach group 2 to 6year old..The students like her very much.By Asyley Chia KSDS
21 hours ago
Teacher Melinda teach group 2 to 6year old..The students like her very much.By Asyley Chia KSDS
2 to 6 year old students concentrate on jataka tales.by Asyley Chia KSDS
21 hours ago
2 to 6 year old students concentrate on jataka tales.by Asyley Chia KSDS
Get your hands involved in the land, KFR Saturday ~ Wai Meng
yesterday
Get your hands involved in the land, KFR Saturday ~ Wai Meng
Awesome sharing by Abby Foo on Tsem Rinpoche's bio, Saturday at KFR ~ Wai Meng
yesterday
Awesome sharing by Abby Foo on Tsem Rinpoche's bio, Saturday at KFR ~ Wai Meng
We also collect old books. KEP-Serena
2 days ago
We also collect old books. KEP-Serena
We are done and complete load all recyclable items into truck. Do visit us next month second Sunday with any old or unused items at your home/office which it is recyclabled one. KEP-Serena
2 days ago
We are done and complete load all recyclable items into truck. Do visit us next month second Sunday with any old or unused items at your home/office which it is recyclabled one. KEP-Serena
We are doing recycling activity at Sunway Mas Field, PJ every month second Sunday. Do not miss it. KEP-Serena
2 days ago
We are doing recycling activity at Sunway Mas Field, PJ every month second Sunday. Do not miss it. KEP-Serena
All recycled items is loaded into the truck. Thank you for the helps from KSK volunteers and Icycle. KEP-Serena
4 days ago
All recycled items is loaded into the truck. Thank you for the helps from KSK volunteers and Icycle. KEP-Serena
We are helping each other to get all the recycled items into the truck. Team work make things happen. KEP-Serena
4 days ago
We are helping each other to get all the recycled items into the truck. Team work make things happen. KEP-Serena
Even though it is raining, still KSK-Loh are helping to move the glass bottles to truck. KEP-Serena
4 days ago
Even though it is raining, still KSK-Loh are helping to move the glass bottles to truck. KEP-Serena
Teacher Callista sharing one of the Jataka Tales with students. Lin Mun KSDS
4 days ago
Teacher Callista sharing one of the Jataka Tales with students. Lin Mun KSDS
Teacher Melinda is a caring teacher and she is now teaching the students of 2-6 years old. Lin Mun KSDS
4 days ago
Teacher Melinda is a caring teacher and she is now teaching the students of 2-6 years old. Lin Mun KSDS
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