现在我能针对雄登清楚地表明看法

2017年1月23日 | 浏览量: 150

(詹杜固仁波切撰写)

致世界各地的朋友们:

15年余来,我一直都很想温和地讲解关于我们的传承、修持、护法神及传统。我的上师指示我不作声并保持低调。我不可能违抗上师的指示。每隔几年我都会询问我是否能表明看法,最终于去年年末,我获准表明自己的看法。一直以来我都遵循指示,不发一语。

一些人可能认为我过去是在隐藏、害怕表明看法或是不忠诚,但我不必透过表明看法来证明我是什么样的人。我只须有上师依止心及对上师们有坚不可摧的信任。我一直遭人污蔑我隐瞒自己的修持、否定我的修持,但事实是 我从来未间断该修持,不过是在公开的平台上及我们的道场里,在获得上师的准许前,我并没有准许该修持。你要了解,过去在藏人社群里,表明自己修护法的这一举动将导致我们面对肉体上的伤害,因为过于热情的人已经没办法思考,他们只管伤害人。别人怎么评论我,怎么想我并不会困扰我,只有我的上师如何想我才是我在乎的。我的上师依止心才是我生命最重要的一块。人们可以随意对我说什么难听的话,这不会影响我,因为我知道我在做什么。我对我的上师及上师所赐予我的殊胜护法。对于在网络上或四处流传的针对我的上师、修持及护法的负面评语和流言,我从来就不相信那一切。他们可以随意说他们想说的,时间会告诉我们他们是怎么样的人。要将一棵树认出来,我们得看那棵树长出来的果实。如果一个人常常对人口出恶言,甚至是对素未谋面或是从不认识的人也能口出恶言,这不过显示出他们的人格,最终大家也都将会看穿他们。

在密续的修持中,你不得公开自己的本尊及护法。这些都是秘密的修持。唯有将它们保密,你方能获得成就。我们或许会有一位“外在”(可以公开)的护法(金甲衣护法),我们也可以有由上师赐予的秘密、不公开的护法。我们可以有普遍、可公开的本尊如文殊菩萨、宗喀巴大师、度母,但若是自己的秘密本尊就不能这么做了。我们的本尊本来就不是该拿来跟朋友或在网络上随意闲聊的事情。我们必须保持谦虚和纪律。这是密续的教义,不是我设下的规则。去读一读密续戒条、《密集根本续》及由宗喀巴大师撰写的《密宗道次第广论》以了解更多。很多人都不理解这些关键的重点。若谈及佛法或密法,我可是非常传统的,虽然表明上我或许没这么传统,但这都是迎合现代人的理解和接受,但骨子里我是非常传统的。举个例子:如果你的秘密本尊是大威德金刚,然后有人问你,你的本尊是否就是大威德金刚,你可以说不是。按照密续的行为准则,你并不算是说妄语,因为在获得更高的成就前,你不得公开自己的修持。你可以就说是度母。公开自己的本尊,你会迎来障碍。护法的修持也同理。照最严苛的标准来说,只要是你修行圈子以外的人,你都不该向任何人公开自己的护法修持。如果一位高成就者被问及自己是否有神通力,他们即便有神通力,他们也必须否认,行为举止也必须保持如常一般。格鲁派及格鲁寺院受来自噶当派心识转化训练的影响。保持谦卑是心识转化训练的正确做法。在格鲁三大寺院——甘丹寺、色拉寺及哲蚌寺的传统中,在成就神通力后,公开展现这些能力是不被允许、严厉禁止的。于是,若按照密续的行为准则,你不被允许公开自己最隐私的秘密本尊及护法,不管有多少人尝试揭发你的修持。那些尝试揭发你的人很明显对无上瑜伽密法完全没有认识。那些一直要求别人公开护法、本尊及修持的人展现他们的无知。对一个修行人来说,他们的这种要求,简直是天真无邪的孩童般的无知。

我会讲解更多关于我们的传承、修持及护法,但我不会说难听的话来冒犯、伤及和损害其他人。这其中还是有因果。不管我们的谩骂或是言语是不是有一个良善的出发点,业果还是存在其中的。我不需要更多的恶业。我们可以持续地以良善的言语揭开和分享真相而无需贬低其他人、上师或修行人。如果我待人恶劣,我的上师和护法也不会高兴。我选择中庸的道路,向即使是想给我生活添麻烦的人慈悲地说话。

我不会发表反对至尊嘉瓦仁波切的言论,因为我从他那里接受比丘戒和不少的教诲。虽然如此,嘉瓦仁波切也不是我唯一的上师。我不想在我多位上师们之中做抉择,虽然一些人会这么做,但我不会这么做。我会守着至尊嘉瓦仁波切给我的修持,更会坚守我的根本上师,至尊宋仁波切赐予我的修持。我拒绝选择,我不能做选择。若是做选择,那便违反了我所守的密续戒条。我或许会对我的一些上师所示现的做法表示不赞同,但我可以温和地发表看法,我会这么做,但我会温和地表达,我没带有恶意。我会以恭敬的方式去处理。我会一直尊重我所有的上师。至尊嘉瓦仁波切是非常有名,非常广为人知,比至尊嘉杰宋仁波切还要广为人知,但这并不表示宋仁波切比较不具格或者是错的。我并不以名气为标准来选择一位上师或上师所给的劝告。我选择师从一位上师是根据他们如何给我的生命带来巨大的影响,以及如何改变我的想法。这些都是我选择师从一位上师的特殊的业力牵引,也是我的选择。即使一些上师会强烈地激怒你,然后你选择离开,但这也可能意味着你跟这些上师有很深的因缘,但为了能有更好的联系,上师还需要替你净化一些业障。跟一位上师很深的因缘可以是一开始你便对他有非常大的信任,也甚至可能是你在一开始便轻蔑他。业力是很奇怪的。

当我18岁在洛杉矶遇到嘉杰宋仁波切时,他便深深地触动了我的心,并渗入到我心的最底。我爱那些跟他相处的每一刻。他永远都是我的根本上师,我也永远不会放弃他所赐给我的任何修持和护法。这就是对我们上师的依止心。我并不是什么伟人,也没有特别了不起的品质,但我喜欢我所拥有的一个品质,那就是上师依止心。如果修持宋仁波切所赐予我的护法给我带来人们的侮辱、不断地辱骂、排挤我或离开我,就让它这样吧!为了嘉杰宋仁波切赐予我的修持,我可以承受这一切的侮辱。证悟比娑婆世界所能给予的任何东西来得更重要。我宁愿因为修持宋仁波切所赐予的东西而受侮辱,也不要因放弃上师所赐的而得到赞扬。我跟每个人都一样喜欢得到赞赏,前提不是把我的修行给牺牲掉。我不会贩卖我的灵魂,于是别因为我有上师依止心、一心想要遵循上师所教和保持忠诚而鄙视我或讨厌我。如果这冒犯了你,我会说对不起,我也希望你安好。你坚守自己护法的修持是更重要的,因为那是你上师赐予你的,而非为了护法本身。你守住你的修持是基于你对上师有坚定的信心,而不一定是为了该名护法。好好地把这一点记在心中。不管你所修的护法是否已证悟,只要是你如金刚总持的上师指示给你的,这其中没有差别。你向上师坚守你的承诺。这是最重要的。

为什么我必须在至尊嘉瓦仁波切及至尊嘉杰宋仁波切之间选一位呢?过去那么多年我根本不需要从这两位上师之间选一位,现在我为何会被迫做选择呢?你或许可以选择因为你没有向不同的上师学法,但是我负担不起这样的选择,请你们谅解。于是我必须在佛法的范围内为示现出来的冲突找寻答案,因为它给我的心带来相当的混乱。根据马鸣菩萨的《上师五十颂》之教诲,无论什么情况,我们都要尊重所有赐予我们教诲的上师。我们不得诋毁任何一位上师,否则我们的修行将无有成果。这看起来很是严苛和艰难,但是躲在自己的舒适地带里才是精进修行的最大障碍。如果上师们示现冲突或差异,那我会选择将这个情况看成是让我调伏内心的圣者之戏。在密续修持中,我们一切的声音、形象、认知、想法都跟本尊无二。在这种情况下,为了让修持更完善,我们每天都在改变自己对实相的认知。我们不能视自己的上师为有过失之人,然后同时在密续修持中却将他们视为佛。一些人或许会这么做,但是这会导出障碍和矛盾。别再深陷于我们娑婆之心所造的念头才是持修密续冥想的目的。因为如果我把上师们所示现的都看成是冲突,那我会放弃所有的上师。更何况一位具高成就的喇嘛怎么会比另一位有更高的成就?等级这回事是人造出来的,也只适合应用在俗事之上,修行里没有这回事。我的上师可以是一位日子过得非常简朴、居住在山洞内的隐士,身边就只有两位弟子侍候。然而他对我而言仍然是佛,不管他有名与否。一位非常有名的上师不可能以其名气就能推翻另一位简单、谦虚的隐士上师的话。我跟随我的上师,原因是他所传的法利益了我,而非他的名气。当我们在选择要听从哪位上师的话,上师的名气和是否拥有上千名弟子理应完全不在考量的范围内。

至尊嘉杰宋仁波切,无上的显密大师。

如果我选择继续嘉杰宋仁波切给予我的修持及赐予我的护法,这是否意味我自然就是反对嘉瓦仁波切的呢?我并不这么认为,也当然不是这样。如果我是一名道教徒、撒旦教徒、兴都教徒、基督教徒或异教徒,难道就因为我跟嘉瓦仁波切的修行传承有所差异,那就表示我是反对他的吗?当然不是这样。如果我并没有反对嘉瓦仁波切,那为何要这样把我归类成那样的人?为何非得把一切事物归纳得如此黑白分明?我们都有父亲与母亲,有的时候他们会起争执——母亲所提出的看法我们赞同,父亲所讲的话也不无道理。有的时候我们赞同父亲,有的时候我们也要认同母亲,于是若我们只认同一方,难道我们就是与另一方作对吗?为何对象换作上师们,我们却要如此黑白分明,如此激烈、残酷无情?我不认为事情应该变成这样,我没选择这样的方式。

有的人说放弃护法的修持或是威逼别人也跟着放弃护法的修持,这么做的人就是嘉瓦仁波切的忠心弟子。然而,我并不认为你只遵从一个劝告而将其他的都给忘了,然后还说自己把修持守得好好的。为了成为嘉瓦仁波切之忠心的弟子,你必须选其中一位上师而舍弃另一位上师或舍弃朋友的事实就已经证明了这件事在本质上就有错了。好比说嘉瓦仁波切也是如此教授:

  1. 容忍你的敌人。因此基于他人的护法修持而诽谤他人是否遵从嘉瓦仁波切的教诲?你应该控制自己所说的言语和所表达的讯息。
  2. 中国理应是西藏最大的敌人。这是藏人们所想的,我只是以此为例子。过去共产党摧毁上千座的寺院、屠杀无数的僧侣、烧毁上千的佛像、殊胜的佛经,也禁了佛教。这一切似乎是大规模的破坏和摧毁,也累积了无量的恶业。他们似乎就是嘉瓦仁波切的最大敌人,但是嘉瓦仁波切能原谅共产党,但为何不能原谅那些制造更少“伤害”和更少所谓的“破坏”的雄登人呢?如果嘉瓦仁波切能在他公开的声明中表示原谅共产党,为何他的追随者却不能停止指责雄登人,并且原谅雄登人呢?嘉瓦仁波切有意会见中国现今领袖以解决西藏的议题,但为何也不顺道会见雄登人以解决这个问题呢?为何要原谅一个敌人却将另一个置之不理呢?我这只是假设性的提问,这样人人才会理所当然的仁慈待人,并且遵从嘉瓦仁波切所教导的,原谅他人。
  3. 嘉瓦仁波切教导不说妄语,要诚实做人。追随嘉瓦仁波切的每一个人都是诚实的吗?你有守清净的戒律吗?你不曾说谎吗?
  4. 我们所持守的皈依戒,严禁我们造语的四大过失、意的三大过失,以及身的三大过失。我们是否都把戒条持守得清净?若没有,就不要忙着找别人的错误及批评人,要检视自己。身为嘉瓦仁波切的弟子或身为任何一位上师,你不是该持守清净的皈依戒吗?不管你处在什么情况里,你当然都得把所有戒条持守好。

身的三大过失:

a. 杀生

b. 偷盗

c. 邪淫

 

语的四大过失:

a. 离间语

b. 恶语

c. 绮语

d. 妄语

 

意的三大过失:

a. 贪心

b. 嗔心

c. 邪见

 

当我们日复一日地在网络上伤害别人,比如在网络上不停地对雄登修持谩骂,我们是否持守嘉瓦仁波切所授予或所教导的皈依戒条呢?若我们想成为嘉瓦仁波切的好弟子(我们也应该有此志向),若要很好地代表自己的上师,我们应该持守自己的皈依戒,精进地实修教法,并且不伤害或污蔑他人。如果人们希望修持我们所不认同的东西,那是他们的权利。如果是他们的修持,为何我们还要天天在网络上,或是在见面时谩骂他们?为何就因为他们修持了你所不喜欢的法门,我们就要禁止他们到一些特定的公共地点?有人常说修持雄登与否是他们的权利,但另边厢却经常劝告人们反对雄登,这么做伤了多少人的心,似乎也相当虚伪。好比说亚洲人跟世界其他种族的人有相等的地位(确实如此),但亚洲人却不得到特定的学校上学,不能到城镇或公共的地点去?这看起来就很虚伪不是吗?你说他们跟其他种族的人一样是平等的,但你的行为、举动并不是这么表示的。为何你一直说你劝告大家反对雄登,而也仅仅是劝告而已,但因为你的劝告,导致上千万的人受苦了?美国人经常抨击中国人权问题,但看看美国弗格森近来发生什么事?有的人或许会反对嘉瓦仁波切,然而你认为这就合理化你恶劣对待这些人的行为吗?你认为你就因此而有权利恶劣地对待他们吗?仔细去想,你说话的方式和遣词用字,是不是会给你自己、嘉瓦仁波切乃至于佛教带来弊大于利的影响。即使别人不好好遵循嘉瓦仁波切的教诲,你也要实修佛法,好好地代表嘉瓦仁波切。别让其他人的行为影响自己,因为每个人的业果相异,业果成熟时所要受的苦,也是由个别的人去面对。

换句话说,那些纯洁、毫无罪恶的人才可以首先向罪者投石子。我们当中有谁是毫无罪恶的?没有。因此我们应该就此停止向别人投石子了;因此我们不应去审判任何人。我们应该要仁慈、要懂得原谅和包容。选择憎恨是选择沉沦在娑婆中,选择原谅是选择走正道。

过去400年来,该护法的修持自开始以来并未曾出现必须从几位上师中做抉择的情况,为何到了如今(1996年起),我们就必须从几位上师中做抉择?而且还是若我们选了其中一位,就意味我们跟另一位上师作对?这或许是你的看法和想法,这或许是你看待你的世界的方式,但这不是我看待我的世界的方式。我的世界是不一样的,我的世界是中间道路——我可以从我所有上师和修持中找到好的一面,那些我不认同的,我不予置评,也不会抨击它们,更不需要从中做抉择。我必须再次强调,这是我的世界,这是我生活在我的世界的方式。你也有自己的选择。我的世界给我带来内心的平静,你的世界给你带来竞争、对上师们不忠诚的愧疚感,我拒绝被放在这样的位置上,也不会被放在如此的位置上。我选择尊重我所有的上师及其他上师,我选择修持上师们所赐予的修持,因为到了最后,那些修持都将使我获得证悟。我不会去做什么选择,但我会谈起我根本上师所赐予我的修持,因为那些修持给了我巨大的利益,而且400年来也给了无数的人助益。我会跟很多因缘具足之人分享这一切。

至尊嘉杰赤江仁波切乃密续坛城之主,他与胜乐金刚无二无别。

我什么都不是,此生中最美好的事,就是遇见至尊嘉杰宋仁波切。我会一直敬爱他、信任他,直到我死去为止。无论必须承受多少压力,我都不放弃嘉杰宋仁波切所赐予我的修持和护法。如果该位护法是我上师说好的,那我自然没异议。若要我放弃对上师及他所赐予的修持的信念及依止心,我宁愿死去。我不会有所动摇。我并不是要对嘉瓦仁波切有任何不敬,但是我坚守该护法的修持不为任何政治因素,我从来都没有。嘉瓦仁波切或许会不认同我的修持,但我会尊敬地合起双掌,恭敬地鞠够说对不起,我还是会继续修持。我并没有因为我的修持而获得钱财或利润。即便是克切拉所拥有的佛法文物店及网络文物店,我没从它们那里领任何的钱财。所有的收入都分给我们的职员,以及维持我们美丽的克切拉的运营。我从不利用佛法赚取任何盈利。

至尊嘉杰帕绷喀仁波切乃我们伟大、无上的船长。他指引、带领我们的船只穿越娑婆的危险深海。

我会坚守我的上师、本尊、佛法及护法。我会跟世界分享我所学过的。在郁闷的娑婆里,我的生命之所以美丽,那是因为我遇见赐予我至尊嘉杰赤江仁波切的修持和传承的嘉杰宋仁波切。赤江仁波切是嘉杰宋仁波切的根本上师。我是多么的幸运!一个在娑婆徘徊、游荡已久的无用的流浪者如我,竟能巧遇一位活生生的胜乐金刚菩萨——他的名字就叫至尊嘉杰宋仁波切!我是多么的幸运!非常幸运!我敬爱嘉杰宋仁波切,他是我修行道路上的父亲;我敬爱嘉杰赤江仁波切,他是我修行路上的祖父。至尊嘉杰帕绷喀仁波切乃赤江仁波切的上师,因此他是我修行路上的曾祖父。能与这三位菩萨结缘,我是何等的幸运。我敬爱宋仁波切、赤江仁波切及帕绷喀仁波切。我可以任你们针对我对上师们的忠诚和依止心而污蔑我、侮辱我、贬低我,但我还是不会放弃。我是绝对不会放弃任何一个他们在我无依无靠时所赐予我的修持。我是一个忠心的人。修行的忠心。

我不会舍弃我的上师和修持。我会继续修心(lojong)的训练、《菩提道次第》的实修及将佛法传授给更多的人。我主要的修持并不是任何一位护法神的修持,但佛法,尤其是修心,才是我主要的修持。我会继续立志及努力成为一个更好的人,更加精进地修行。我存在在这个地球上的时间并不长久,我不想将浪费时间浪费在娑婆中的任何事物之上,因为那没有意义。

我祈愿多杰雄登的“争议”能尽快和谐地落幕。成千上万名多杰雄登修持者不会放弃他们的修持。因此若多杰雄登修持者的领导人能与西藏领导人会面,以寻求双赢的解决方案,那会非常有帮助。祈愿无人受伤害,人人都能欢喜。我希望这样的情景能早日实现。

生命已无他事可做。我会尽我所能,以我所认知的方式做一个最好的人。若有人对我有不满,我恳求他们的原谅,就如我原谅他们那样。

谦卑的詹杜固仁波切 上

 

请支持我们,好让我们能继续为你带来更多佛法:

请留意,若你身在美国,你所作的供养和贡献均可享有免税优惠。~tsemrinpoche.com博客小组

2个回应现在我能针对雄登清楚地表明看法

与以下第三方的评论或博文相关的免责声明

请注意,凡由第三方在下方的评论栏所发表的评论或帖子,除了博客所有者和/或主持人特别提供的回复外,皆不代表本博客所有者和/或主持人的观点。 评论栏内的所有其他评论或帖文或任何意见、讨论或看法,皆不代表我们的观点,也不应被视为如此。 我们保留删除任何我们觉得具有冒犯意味的评论/观点之权利,但由于此类评论数量繁多,不删除和/或未检测到任何此类评论/观点并不意味着我们苟同同样的看法。

我们希望以下任何评论、帖文、意见、讨论或观点的发表者将为自己的表现负责任,不发表任何具毁谤性,或可能煽动和蔑视或嘲笑任何一方、个人或其信仰或违反法律的言论。

  1. 南喀巴津 | Tsem Rinpoche 于 2018年12月13日 下午5:02

    […] 现在我能针对雄登清楚地表明看法 […]

  2. Tsem Rinpoche 于 2018年11月28日 上午3:11

    亲爱的朋友们,

    西藏产生了许多有助于我们得到精神庇佑、取得智慧和更高层次之觉悟的强大禅修法、仪式和教诲。总括来说,西藏产生了许多有助于我们在修行上取得提升的强有力方法。多杰雄登是一个天使,一位圣人和一名护法战士。他的崛起始于350年前,当一位高度觉悟的西藏高僧履行本身的承诺,化身为特别的护法,赐予我们守护、智慧、物质需要、出入平安(平日外游和神游时)和灵修上的觉醒。任何人都可以随时随地在任何时候念诵适合自己的祈愿文。当你需要特别的帮助时,你可以随时念诵任何一篇祈愿文。当你感到沮丧、恐惧或仅是需要加持时,你也可以持诵这些祈愿文。在念诵任何祈请文后,你应该接着念诵多杰雄登的心咒:嗡 班杂 维格 毗札那 娑哈 Om Benza Wiki Bitana Soha。

    要祈请多杰雄登这位特殊、觉悟和觉醒的天使赐予加持和庇佑,你无需是佛教徒或任何宗教的修行者。他总是没有分别或偏见,充满慈悲和慈爱地帮助一切众生。神圣是没有界限的,圣者会帮助有求于他的任何人。

    以下附上英文、中文和藏文的祈愿文。

    愿你平安,常受庇护和加持。

    尊贵的詹杜固仁波切

    更多关于第五世达赖尊者和多杰雄登护法的内容 — https://bit.ly/2zsC3tG

    更多关于第十四世达赖尊者和多杰雄登护法的内容 — https://bit.ly/2r4aaDN

    第五世达赖尊者为多杰雄登护法在拉萨建造的护法殿(布旦康萨)— https://bit.ly/2zBTd8M

    Dear friends,

    Tibet has produced many powerful meditations, rituals and guidelines to help us gain spiritual protection, gain wisdom and higher states of consciousness. In general Tibet has produced many powerful methods for the growth of our spiritual evolution. Dorje Shugden is an angel, a saint, a powerful spiritual protector-warrior who originated 350 years ago when a highly awakened Tibetan Lama fulfilled his vows to become a special being to grant protection, wisdom, material needs, safety when travelling (normal and astral travel) and spiritual awakening. Both the Great 5th Dalai Lama and the current His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama composed short yet effective prayers to invoke upon the power and blessings of this special saint and protector. One can recite either one of the prayers that you feel suits you, anytime or even daily. When you feel a special need for help, you can recite either prayer anytime. When you are feeling down, afraid or just need a blessing, you can recite them. After reciting either invocation, it is good to chant the mantra of Dorje Shugden: Om Benza Wiki Bitana Soha.

    You do not have to be a Buddhist or practitioner of any religion to invoke upon the blessings and protection of this special enlightened and awakened angel Dorje Shugden. He helps all without discrimination or bias as he is filled with compassion and love. Divinity has no boundaries, they help all who call upon them.

    Enclosed are the prayers in English, Chinese and Tibetan.

    May you be safe, protected and blessed.

    Tsem Rinpoche

    More on the Great 5th Dalai Lama and Dorje Shugden – https://bit.ly/2w7KHv6

    More on H.H. the 14th Dalai Lama and Dorje Shugden – https://bit.ly/2QdaL4n

    Chapel (Trode Khangsar) built by the Great 5th Dalai Lama dedicated to Dorje Shugden in Lhasa – https://bit.ly/2zBTd8M

发表评论

最大文件大小: 2MB
允许文件类型: jpg, jpeg, gif, png

 

最大文件大小: 50MB
允许文件类型: mp4
最大文件大小: 2MB
允许文件类型: pdf, docx

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 标记*为必填项目

Blog Chat

BLOG CHAT

亲爱的博友们:

我设立这个栏目的目的是希望大家能在这里分享你对任何有兴趣事物的意见、想法和感受。

每个人都有各自看待事物的观点,所以这是一个专为你而设的栏目。

詹杜固仁波切


欢迎加入聊天室,跟大家一起共乐和给彼此鼓励和支持。到时见。


聊天室礼仪

为了让大家都能在聊天室享受一个积极、有趣和具有启发性的经验,请大家遵守以下几项简单的聊天室礼仪。请记得这是一个聊天室,我们来这里的目的是聊天!请别让自己的讯息霸满整个空间,而不跟他人互动。

展开
友善

请记得那些跟你聊天的都是真正的人。他们的文化背景跟你不同,也许持有不一样的意见。尊重他们的意见,仿佛你们正面对面聊天,他们自然也会给予你同等的尊重。

耐心

让大家有机会回复你。耐心是一项美德。如果你等了一会,人们没有回应,也许是因为他们不知道问题的答案,或他们没有看到你的问题。你不妨再提问一次,或直接指名要某个人回答。不要因为别人没有回复你或无法回复你而感觉被冒犯。

切题

这是尊贵的詹杜固仁波切的博客。请尊重这个空间。我们请求所有聊天室用户对尊贵的詹杜固仁波切和他的克切拉团体保持尊重。

礼貌

避免使用可能冒犯其他人的言语或态度。如果有人对你表示不敬,你只需不去理会他们,而无需跟他们争吵。

请注意,违反守则者可能会被禁止进入聊天室。博客管理员有完全的禁止权。如果有人希望就聊天室中某人的行为提出上诉或投诉,请将相关聊天内容复制粘贴到我们的电邮care@kechara.com,并表明相关对话的日期和时间。

请让这里成为一个令大家可以轻松、有效交流的空间。

克切拉禅修林的最新消息

以下是克切拉禅修林计划最新的进程报告和图片消息。

克切拉禅修林是一个注重身心灵整体健康的禅修中心。这是一个让家庭和个人在大自然森林环境中找到宁静、灵感和充电的地方。在这里,我们矢志为下一代灌输如善良和慈悲等正面的普世价值,并以此回馈社会。

欲知详情,请点击此(英文)(中文),或浏览官方网站: retreat.kechara.com










仁波切的讯息

向下滚动查看来自仁波切的更多讯息。 点击放大图片。 点击“旧讯息”查看存档讯息。 使用'上一页'和'下一页'链接进行翻页。

使用此网址直接连接本栏目:https://www.tsemrinpoche.com/l/cn/#messages-from-rinpoche

直播视频集

更多视频

全球全球雄登人有话要说

来自欧洲雄登协会:


更多视频

来自藏族公开讲座:


更多视频

制作团队

构思: 詹杜固仁波切
技术: 廖君凌、贾斯汀李力、杨瑞强
设计: 贾斯汀李力、李诗莹
内容: 詹杜固仁波切、贾斯汀李力、陈稚鑫讲法师
作者: 罗胜彪讲法师
管理员: 罗胜彪讲法师、黄明贵

我必须感谢我的佛法博客小组,无论对我、克切拉或本区域的弘法工作上,他们都是一项伟大的资产。我很荣幸能与他们合作。这是我发自内心的话。也许我对他们表达得不够多,但我现在就想说:我非常感谢这组人!

詹杜固仁波切

今日浏览量
8,368
总浏览量
18,776,311

我正在写什么

Facebook Fans Youtube Views Blog Views
Bigfoot, Yeti, Sasquatch

未知

已知与未知同样令人畏惧
已知是安于现状和停滞不前
未知却可能带来成长和机会
人们并不知道自己是否更畏惧未知还是已知
谁说未知会比已知更糟
虽说未知有时的确比已知来得糟
然而说到底一切却依然还是未知
除非我们竭尽所能去努力
因此,全力以赴去追寻未知
因为在熟悉之后,未知就会转为已知。
〜詹杜固仁波切

即时相簿

点击图片查看放大版。
Third picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
2 月前
Third picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
2 月前
Second picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
First picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal.
Height: 33ft (10m)
2 月前
First picture-Standing Manjushri Statue at Chowar, Kirtipur, Nepal. Height: 33ft (10m)
The first title published by Kechara Comics is Karuna Finds A Way. It tells the tale of high-school sweethearts Karuna and Adam who had what some would call the dream life. Everything was going great for them until one day when reality came knocking on their door. Caught in a surprise swindle, this loving family who never harmed anyone found themselves out of luck and down on their fortune. Determined to save her family, Karuna goes all out to find a solution. See what she does- https://bit.ly/2LSKuWo
2 月前
The first title published by Kechara Comics is Karuna Finds A Way. It tells the tale of high-school sweethearts Karuna and Adam who had what some would call the dream life. Everything was going great for them until one day when reality came knocking on their door. Caught in a surprise swindle, this loving family who never harmed anyone found themselves out of luck and down on their fortune. Determined to save her family, Karuna goes all out to find a solution. See what she does- https://bit.ly/2LSKuWo
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
2 月前
Very powerful story! Tibetan Resistance group Chushi Gangdruk reveals how Dalai Lama escaped in 1959- https://bit.ly/2S9VMGX
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
3 月前
At Kechara Forest Retreat land we have nice fresh spinach growing free of chemicals and pesticides. Yes!
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
3 月前
See beautiful pictures of Manjushri Guest House here- https://bit.ly/2WGo0ti
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
3 月前
Beginner’s Introduction to Dorje Shugden~Very good overview https://bit.ly/2QQNfYv
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat\'s land here in Malaysia
4 月前
Fresh eggplants grown on Kechara Forest Retreat's land here in Malaysia
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
4 月前
Most Venerable Uppalavanna – The Chief Female Disciple of Buddha Shakyamuni - She exhibited many supernatural abilities gained from meditation and proved to the world females and males are equal in spirituality- https://bit.ly/31d9Rat
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
4 月前
Thailand’s ‘Renegade’ Yet Powerful Buddhist Nuns~ https://bit.ly/2Z1C02m
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
4 月前
Mahapajapati Gotami – the first Buddhist nun ordained by Lord Buddha- https://bit.ly/2IjD8ru
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
4 月前
The Largest Buddha Shakyamuni in Russia | 俄罗斯最大的释迦牟尼佛画像- https://bit.ly/2Wpclni
Sacred Vajra Yogini
4 月前
Sacred Vajra Yogini
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
4 月前
Dorje Shugden works & archives - a labour of commitment - https://bit.ly/30Tp2p8
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
4 月前
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha.
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha\'s mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
4 月前
Mahapajapati Gotami, who was the first nun ordained by Lord Buddha. She was his step-mother and aunt. Buddha's mother had passed away at his birth so he was raised by Gotami.
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha\'s. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
4 月前
Another nun disciple of Lord Buddha's. She had achieved great spiritual abilities and high attainments. She would be a proper object of refuge. This image of the eminent bhikkhuni (nun) disciple of the Buddha, Uppalavanna Theri.
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
4 月前
Wandering Ascetic Painting by Nirdesha Munasinghe
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
4 月前
High Sri Lankan monks visit Kechara to bless our land, temple, Buddha and Dorje Shugden images. They were very kind-see pictures- https://bit.ly/2HQie2M
点击上面的“查看所有照片”以查看更多图像

即时视频

  • Always be kind to animals-They deserve to live just like us.
    2 月前
    Always be kind to animals-They deserve to live just like us.
    Whales and dolphins playing with each other in the Pacific sea. Nature is truly incredible!
  • Bodha stupa July 2019-
    2 月前
    Bodha stupa July 2019-
    Rainy period
  • Cute Tara girl having a snack. She is one of Kechara Forest Retreat’s resident doggies.
    3 月前
    Cute Tara girl having a snack. She is one of Kechara Forest Retreat’s resident doggies.
  • Your Next Meal!
    4 月前
    Your Next Meal!
    Yummy? Tasty? Behind the scenes of the meat on your plates. Meat is a killing industry.
  • This is Daw
    4 月前
    This is Daw
    This is what they do to get meat on tables, and to produce belts and jackets. Think twice before your next purchase.
  • Don’t Take My Mummy Away!
    4 月前
    Don’t Take My Mummy Away!
    Look at the poor baby chasing after the mother. Why do we do that to them? It's time to seriously think about our choices in life and how they affect others. Be kind. Don't break up families.
  • They do this every day!
    4 月前
    They do this every day!
    This is how they are being treated every day of their lives. Please do something to stop the brutality. Listen to their cries for help!
  • What happened at Fair Oaks Farm?
    4 月前
    What happened at Fair Oaks Farm?
    The largest undercover dairy investigation of all time. See what they found out at Fair Oaks Farm.
  • She’s going to spend her whole life here without being able to move correctly. Like a machine. They are the slaves of the people and are viewed as a product. It’s immoral. Billions of terrestrial animals die annually. Billions. You can’t even imagine it. And all that because people don’t want to give up meat, even though there are so many alternatives. ~ Gabriel Azimov
    4 月前
    She’s going to spend her whole life here without being able to move correctly. Like a machine. They are the slaves of the people and are viewed as a product. It’s immoral. Billions of terrestrial animals die annually. Billions. You can’t even imagine it. And all that because people don’t want to give up meat, even though there are so many alternatives. ~ Gabriel Azimov
  • Our Malaysian Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir speaks so well, logically and regarding our country’s collaboration with China for growth. It is refreshing to listen to Dr. Mahathir’s thoughts. He said our country can look to China for many more things such as technology and so on. Tsem Rinpoche
    5 月前
    Our Malaysian Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir speaks so well, logically and regarding our country’s collaboration with China for growth. It is refreshing to listen to Dr. Mahathir’s thoughts. He said our country can look to China for many more things such as technology and so on. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This is the first time His Holiness Dalai Lama mentions he had some very serious illness. Very worrying. This video is captured April 2019.
    5 月前
    This is the first time His Holiness Dalai Lama mentions he had some very serious illness. Very worrying. This video is captured April 2019.
  • Beautiful Monastery in Hong Kong
    5 月前
    Beautiful Monastery in Hong Kong
  • This dog thanks his hero in such a touching way. Tsem Rinpoche
    5 月前
    This dog thanks his hero in such a touching way. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Join Tsem Rinpoche in prayer for H.H. Dalai Lama’s long life~ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYy7JcveikU&feature=youtu.be
    5 月前
    Join Tsem Rinpoche in prayer for H.H. Dalai Lama’s long life~ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gYy7JcveikU&feature=youtu.be
  • These people going on pilgrimage to a holy mountain and prostrating out of devotion and for pilgrimage in Tibet. Such determination for spiritual practice. Tsem Rinpoche
    5 月前
    These people going on pilgrimage to a holy mountain and prostrating out of devotion and for pilgrimage in Tibet. Such determination for spiritual practice. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Beautiful new casing in Kechara for Vajra Yogini. Tsem Rinpoche
    6 月前
    Beautiful new casing in Kechara for Vajra Yogini. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Get ready to laugh real hard. This is Kechara’s version of “Whatever Happened to Baby Jane!” We have some real talents in this video clip.
    6 月前
    Get ready to laugh real hard. This is Kechara’s version of “Whatever Happened to Baby Jane!” We have some real talents in this video clip.
  • Recitation of Dorje Dermo‘s mantra or the Dharani of Glorious Vajra Claws. This powerful mantra is meant to destroy all obstacles that come in our way. Beneficial to play this mantra in our environments.
    6 月前
    Recitation of Dorje Dermo‘s mantra or the Dharani of Glorious Vajra Claws. This powerful mantra is meant to destroy all obstacles that come in our way. Beneficial to play this mantra in our environments.
  • Beautiful
    6 月前
    Beautiful
    Beautiful sacred Severed Head Vajra Yogini from Tsem Rinpoche's personal shrine.
  • My little monster cute babies Dharma and Oser. Take a look and get a cute attack for the day! Tsem Rinpoche
    6 月前
    My little monster cute babies Dharma and Oser. Take a look and get a cute attack for the day! Tsem Rinpoche
  • Plse watch this short video and see how all sentient beings are capable of tenderness and love. We should never hurt animals nor should we eat them. Tsem Rinpoche
    6 月前
    Plse watch this short video and see how all sentient beings are capable of tenderness and love. We should never hurt animals nor should we eat them. Tsem Rinpoche
  • Cruelty of some people have no limits and it’s heartbreaking. Being kind cost nothing. Tsem Rinpoche
    7 月前
    Cruelty of some people have no limits and it’s heartbreaking. Being kind cost nothing. Tsem Rinpoche
  • SUPER ADORABLE and must see
    8 月前
    SUPER ADORABLE and must see
    Tsem Rinpoche's dog Oser girl enjoying her snack in her play pen.
  • Cute!
    9 月前
    Cute!
    Oser girl loves the balcony so much. - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTcoWpKJm2c
  • Uncle Wong
    9 月前
    Uncle Wong
    We were told by Uncle Wong he is very faithful toward Dorje Shugden. Dorje Shugden has extended help to him on several occasions and now Uncle Wong comes daily to make incense offerings to Dorje Shugden. He is grateful towards the help he was given.
  • Tsem Rinpoche’s Schnauzer Dharma boy fights Robot sphere from Arkonide!
    9 月前
    Tsem Rinpoche’s Schnauzer Dharma boy fights Robot sphere from Arkonide!
  • Cute baby owl found and rescued
    9 月前
    Cute baby owl found and rescued
    We rescued a lost baby owl in Kechara Forest Retreat.
  • Nice cups from Kechara!!
    9 月前
    Nice cups from Kechara!!
    Dorje Shugden people's lives matter!
  • Enjoy a peaceful morning at Kechara Forest Retreat
    9 月前
    Enjoy a peaceful morning at Kechara Forest Retreat
    Chirping birds and other forest animals create a joyful melody at the Vajrayogini stupa in Kechara Forest Retreat (Bentong, Malaysia).
  • His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche makes offering of khata to Dorje Shugden.
    9 月前
    His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Rinpoche makes offering of khata to Dorje Shugden.
    Trijang Rinpoche never gave up his devotion to Dorje Shugden no matter how much Tibetan government in exile pressured him to give up. He stayed loyal inspiring so many of us.
  • This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    2 年前
    This topic is so hot in many circles right now.
    This video is thought-provoking and very interesting. Watch! Thanks so much to our friends at LIVEKINDLY.
  • Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
    2 年前
    Chiropractic CHANGES LIFE for teenager with acute PAIN & DEAD LEG.
  • BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
    2 年前
    BEAUTIFUL PLACE IN NEW YORK STATE-AMAZING.
  • Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
    2 年前
    Leonardo DiCaprio takes on the meat Industry with real action.
  • Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
    2 年前
    Do psychic mediums have messages from beyond?
  • Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 年前
    Lovely gift for my 52nd Birthday. Tsem Rinpoche
  • This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    2 年前
    This 59-year-old chimpanzee was refusing food and ready to die until...
    she received “one last visit from an old friend” 💔💔
  • Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
    2 年前
    Bigfoot sighted again and made it to the news.
  • Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
    2 年前
    Casper is such a cute and adorable. I like him.
  • Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant  Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
    2 年前
    Dorje Shugden Monastery Amarbayasgalant Mongolia's Ancient Hidden Gem
  • Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
    2 年前
    Don't you love Hamburgers? See how 'delicious' it is here!
  • Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
    2 年前
    Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
  • What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    2 年前
    What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    Sick animals are more profitable... farms calculate how close to death they can keep animals without killing them. That's the business model. How quickly they can be made to grow, how tightly they can be packed, how much or how little can they eat, how sick they can get without dying... We live in a world in which it's conventional to treat an animal like a block of wood. ~ Jonathan Safran Foer
  • This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
    2 年前
    This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
  • SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    2 年前
    SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    This happens daily in slaughterhouse so you can get your pork and Bak ku teh. Stop eating meat.

询问讲法师


Ask the Pastors

一个让克切拉讲法师来为你解答佛法问题的栏目。

只需在下方写上你的名字和问题,我们的其中一位讲法师就会为你解答问题。

向下滚动并点击“查看所有问题”以查看既往的问题档案。

图文吧

Teachers & students do prostration before the start of dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
20 小时前
Teachers & students do prostration before the start of dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
Teenage dharma class in Gompa Kechara House. Lin Mun KSDS
20 小时前
Teenage dharma class in Gompa Kechara House. Lin Mun KSDS
Teacher Kien shared about Rinpoche’s biography from the Promise book. Lin Mun KSDS
20 小时前
Teacher Kien shared about Rinpoche’s biography from the Promise book. Lin Mun KSDS
Learning about altar set up during dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
20 小时前
Learning about altar set up during dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
Children learn to make water offering to Buddha. Lin Mun KSDS
20 小时前
Children learn to make water offering to Buddha. Lin Mun KSDS
Currently the youngest student in dharma class :) Lin Mun KSDS
3 周前
Currently the youngest student in dharma class :) Lin Mun KSDS
Nice lotus sit done by the youngest class students. Lin Mun KSDS
3 周前
Nice lotus sit done by the youngest class students. Lin Mun KSDS
Teacher Jayce is teaching dharma to student of age 11-12 years old . Lin Mun MSDS
3 周前
Teacher Jayce is teaching dharma to student of age 11-12 years old . Lin Mun MSDS
Students enjoyed the light exercise session. Lin Mun KSDS
3 周前
Students enjoyed the light exercise session. Lin Mun KSDS
Some simple exercise before we finish our dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
3 周前
Some simple exercise before we finish our dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
Teacher Grace giving some ideas on activities to Wen Yue. Lin Mun KSDS
3 周前
Teacher Grace giving some ideas on activities to Wen Yue. Lin Mun KSDS
The children were so excited to wait for the next quiz question. Lin Mun KSDS
4 周前
The children were so excited to wait for the next quiz question. Lin Mun KSDS
Children will do prostration and recite Manjushri mantra before start of dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
4 周前
Children will do prostration and recite Manjushri mantra before start of dharma class. Lin Mun KSDS
Throwback - Participants were so attentive when colouring tsa tsa. Lin Mun KSDS
4 周前
Throwback - Participants were so attentive when colouring tsa tsa. Lin Mun KSDS
Maya painting Vajrayogini tsa tsa at the kid’s corner during Wesak day. Lin Mun KSDS
4 周前
Maya painting Vajrayogini tsa tsa at the kid’s corner during Wesak day. Lin Mun KSDS
Throwback- Family visiting KFR on the auspicious Wesak Day. Lin Mun KSDS
4 周前
Throwback- Family visiting KFR on the auspicious Wesak Day. Lin Mun KSDS
Join us on Saturday, 24th August 2019 in celebrating International Dorje Shugden Day with an evening of auspicious and powerful pujas for abundance, prosperity, longevity and wish-fulfilment! PROGRAMME 4:00pm – Prayer Flag Puja & Lhasang Smoke Offering Ritual 5:30pm – Free vegetarian dinner 6:30pm – Gyenze Increasing Fire Puja 9:00pm – End Collectively, these pujas are a celebration of Dorje Shugden’s blessings and are highly beneficial for all sponsors and attendees. There’s really no better place to celebrate Dorje Shugden Day than in Kechara Forest Retreat, which is home to the world’s largest Dorje Shugden statue. MORE INFO: kecharaforestretreat.com/dorjeshugdenday
4 周前
Join us on Saturday, 24th August 2019 in celebrating International Dorje Shugden Day with an evening of auspicious and powerful pujas for abundance, prosperity, longevity and wish-fulfilment! PROGRAMME 4:00pm – Prayer Flag Puja & Lhasang Smoke Offering Ritual 5:30pm – Free vegetarian dinner 6:30pm – Gyenze Increasing Fire Puja 9:00pm – End Collectively, these pujas are a celebration of Dorje Shugden’s blessings and are highly beneficial for all sponsors and attendees. There’s really no better place to celebrate Dorje Shugden Day than in Kechara Forest Retreat, which is home to the world’s largest Dorje Shugden statue. MORE INFO: kecharaforestretreat.com/dorjeshugdenday
Teacher Jayce explained the good value from Rinpoche’s teachings. Alice, KSDS
1 月前
Teacher Jayce explained the good value from Rinpoche’s teachings. Alice, KSDS
“Be kind to animals.” Let your kids join the monthly Animal Liberation at Kechara House, Sunwaymas.
1 月前
“Be kind to animals.” Let your kids join the monthly Animal Liberation at Kechara House, Sunwaymas.
Chern Chern learnt dharma and show the good attitudes to others. Alice, KSDS
1 月前
Chern Chern learnt dharma and show the good attitudes to others. Alice, KSDS
The Promise
  These books will change your life
  Support Blog Team
Lamps For Life
  Robe Offerings
  Vajrayogini Stupa Fund
  White Tara Mantra Bank Project
  Rinpoche's Medical Fund
  Dana Offerings
  Soup Kitchen Project
 
Zong Rinpoche

档案

你的反馈

Live Visitors Counter
各国页面浏览量
美国 4,138,211
马来西亚 4,049,866
印度 1,642,328
尼泊尔 783,048
新加坡 745,181
英國 653,494
加拿大 570,335
不丹 549,374
澳大利亚 442,096
菲律宾 336,368
印尼 330,347
德国 264,232
法国 259,326
巴西 182,806
台湾 173,681
越南 173,133
泰国 169,076
意大利 131,908
蒙古 130,461
葡萄牙 126,286
西班牙 125,617
土耳其 113,402
荷兰 112,341
阿拉伯联合酋长国 94,679
俄罗斯 91,890
罗马尼亚 86,340
香港 84,075
斯里兰卡 82,357
南非 75,556
墨西哥 74,730
缅甸 70,268
新西兰 68,848
瑞士 64,924
日本 62,582
柬埔寨 58,695
韩国 58,134
孟加拉国 52,767
巴基斯坦 52,070
埃及 45,528
总页面浏览量: 18,588,507
35927

登录

Dorje Shugden
点击观看我对多杰雄登的说法。。。