Indians in Malaysia

Dec 31, 2016 | Views: 647
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I have lived in Malaysia for over 20 years. During this time, I have developed a great appreciation for the cultures and customs that exist in Malaysia, which have inspired me to write more about the rich cultures of this nation.

Indian people have been migrating to this region even before the British colonised it, expanding their trading network, spreading their influence, and promoting their beliefs. After the British began their colonisation, they encouraged Indians to migrate to British Malaya, or what is known as present-day Malaysia and Singapore, to work in various sectors such as the police force, government administrative work or as labourers in plantations. During and after World War II (1936 – 1945), the Indian population in Malaysia started to decrease, as many Indians went to serve in the Indian National Army, and many British institutions began to leave British Malaya.

Today, we can see Indian influence in various aspects of Malaysia’s culture, such as in the Malay language, Malay cuisine, and Malay folklore. This article covers the history of Indians in Malaysia, their unique festivals, notable Indian personalities in Malaysia, and Indian influence on Malaysian cultures.

Tsem Rinpoche


 

Indian Migration to Malaysia

The ruins of a Hindu temple in Kedah

The ruins of a Hindu temple in Kedah

Pre-British Colonial Rule

Prior to the arrival of the British Colonies, Indians had travelled to the Malay Peninsula (what is known now as West Malaysia) to trade, spread their religion, and expand their territory and influence. Indian influence can be seen in the ancient kingdoms such as Old Kedah, which was predominantly Hindu before becoming a Muslim sultanate. Kedah was often referred to as Kadaram at that time, and the state maintained long, fruitful relationships with several powerful Tamil kingdoms, such as the Pallava Dynasty (4th – 9th century CE) and the Chola Dynasty (9th – 13th century CE).

A map of the Chola Empire. Kedah, also known as Kadaram in India, was one of the Chola Empire’s subordinates

A map of the Chola Empire. Kedah, also known as Kadaram in India, was one of the Chola Empire’s subordinates.

Emperor Rajendra Chola I

Emperor Rajendra Chola I

A ship from the Chola Empire that can carry up to 200 people

A ship from the Chola Empire that can carry up to 200 people

In 1025, Emperor Rajendra Chola I (r. 1014 – 1044 CE) led his troops to attack the Srivijaya Kingdom and other locations around present day Malaysia and Indonesia to weaken the region. As a result of this invasion, Tamil traders gained more access to nations in South East Asia, including Malaysia. The Chola Empire had large ships that travel to the present-day Ganges, Malaysia, and Sumatera, which helped facilitate the mobilisation of Indian traders and missionaries to these regions. Today, evidence of interactions between the people of Old Kedah and India can still be seen. In present day Tanjore, now a part of South India but formerly a territory of the Chola Empire, there is a village called Kadaram Kodan. In that village, there is an orange species, kadarangkay or kadaram-pulp that was originally brought from Malaysia.

Jalan Kadaram in Kedah State

Jalan Kadaram in Kedah State, another evidence of interaction between India and the Old Kedah

 

During British Colonial Rule

Indian plantation workers in British Malaya, by Charles Kleingrothe, a German photographer

Indian plantation workers in British Malaya, by Charles Kleingrothe, a German photographer

In the 18th century, the British took control of the Malay Peninsula, and referred to the present-day Malaysia and Singapore as British Malaya. The British encouraged the migration of Indian labourers to British Malaya due to their general understanding of the English language, and they were employed as labourers, policemen, traders, government administrative officials, and soldiers. The Indians who migrated to British Malaya during this period were mostly men who left their families back in India. Therefore, the Indian population often fluctuated as the men came to British Malaya to work, and then left to visit their families or return home.

The SS Rajula, a British vessel that transported many Indians to British Malaya

The SS Rajula, a British vessel that transported many Indians to British Malaya

At the start of the 20th century, there were approximately 120,000 Indians living in British Malaya. That number increased by more than 433% in the span of 30 years, with around 640,000 Indians residing in the region by 1931. During World War II, the Indian population growth rate decreased considerably, as many of them had to serve in the army. From 1931 to 1957, the Indian population in Malaysia grew by only 28% to approximately 820,000 people.

Artist’s illustration of an Indian coffee shop in Negeri Sembilan in British Malaya

Artist’s illustration of an Indian coffee shop in Negeri Sembilan in British Malaya

After the unsuccessful attempt to set up the Malayan Union between 1946 and 1948, the British Administrators established the Federation of Malaya in 1948, which acknowledged the symbolic status of the Malay rulers. On 31 August 1957, the Federation of Malaya declared its independence from the British Empire, which marked the end of the British colonial rule. After the Federation of Malaya declared its independence, and the British administration and institutions left the country, the Indian population in the region decreased even further.

On 16 September 1963, the Federation of Malaysia, henceforth simply known as Malaysia, was established. Its members included the former members of the Federation of Malaya and three new members: Singapore, North Borneo, and Sarawak. Singapore exited the Federation two years later.

 

Post-British Colonial Rule

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Today, there is still an influx of Indian migration to Malaysia. They consist of white-collar professionals, blue-collar workers who work in Indian restaurants, and foreign spouses who are married to Malaysian Indians.

 

Population Statistics

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The estimated total Malaysian population as per July 2016 is 30,949,962 people. Amongst this, Indian ethnic groups accounted for 6.7% of the whole population, or approximately two million people. 90% of Malaysian Indians are of the Tamil ethnic group. The remaining 10% consists of Telugu, Malayalee, Punjabi, Gujarati, and Sindhi ethnic groups. The Indian community in Malaysia speak several dialects depending on their ethnicities, such as Tamil, Telugu, Malay, Hindi, and Punjabi.

 

Religions

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Pre-colonial and colonial Indian settlers in Malaysia were predominantly Buddhist or Hindu. However, today due to the assimilation with other ethnicities, some Indians have embraced other beliefs, such as Islam and Christianity.

 

Indian Influence in Local Malaysian Culture

A performance of Hikayat Seri Rama

A performance of Hikayat Seri Rama

Local Folklores

Several of the local Malay folklores are heavily influenced by Indian mythologies, such as Mahabharata and Ramayana. The oldest of these tales were originally written in Indian languages such as Sanskrit and Pallava, such as:

  • Hikayat Seri Rama – an adaptation of the Indian mythology of Ramayana, with slight modifications in the characters’ circumstances and personalities.
  • Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa also known as The Kedah Annals – a piece of Tamil literature that tells a story of a Tamil Prince and his relationship with the state of Kedah. The tale also describes how the traders from the Chola Empire came and their transactions in Kedah.
  • Hikayat Panca Tanderan – adapted from Panchatantra, a collection of animal fables from India.
  • Hikayat Bayan Budiman – adapted from Sukasaptati, an Indian literary work where a parrot tells a story to her mistress to prevent her from going the wrong way.
An illustration of Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa on a Malaysian stamp

An illustration of Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa on a Malaysian stamp

 

Language

Indian influence is also apparent in the Malay language, as some Malay words are derived from languages such as Hindi, Sanskrit and Tamil:

Several Malaysian words which we originated from Indian vocabularies:

Malay Words English Translation Original Words Original Language
Agama Religion Agama Sanskrit
Aksara Alphabet letter Aksara Sanskrit
Anugerah Grace, blessings Anugraha Sanskrit
Asmara Passion Smara Sanskrit
Buat Do Wuat Sanskrit
Bumi Earth Bhūmi Sanskrit
Cendana Sandalwood Candana Sanskrit
Dobi Laundry Dhobī Hindi
Duka Grief Dhuka Sanskrit
Kapal Boat Kappal Tamil
Kedai Stall Kadai Tamil
Kuil Temple/ shrine Koyil Tamil
Kuda Horse Kudda Sanskrit
Maha Great Maha Sanskrit
Mangga Mango Mangkai Tamil
Wanita Women Vanithai Tamil/ Telugu
Mutiara Pearl Muthu Tamil
Kakak Older sibling Akka Tamil

 

Festivals Associated with Malaysian Indians

Thaipusam Festival celebration at Batu Caves

Thaipusam Festival celebration at Batu Caves

Thaipusam – Festival of the God of War

Thaipusam is the festival to honour the god of war, Lord Murugan, also known as the son of Parvati and Lord Shiva. The festival is celebrated during the full moon in the month of Thai on the Tamil calendar (between January and February). On the eve of Thaipusam, the devotees of Lord Murugan perform Kavadi Attam, or the Burden Dance, where the devotees show their gratitude to Lord Murugan through acts of penance. The devotees often carry pots that contain milk as offerings to Lord Murugan, and they may also pierce their body parts. It is not unusual to see Lord Murugan’s followers in a deep trance throughout the festival.

Women carrying Paal Kavadi that contain milk and other holy substances during a Thaipusam procession

Women carrying Paal Kavadi that contain milk and other holy substances during a Thaipusam procession

Thaipusam is celebrated in many Hindu temples in Malaysia, but the biggest events are usually held in the Sri Subramaniar Swamy Temple in Batu Caves.

 

Deepavali – Festival of Lights

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Deepavali or Diwali is the Festival of Lights that is celebrated annually on the 15th day of the month of Kartika on the Hindu calendar (between October and November). This festival is to honour the Goddess Laksmi, who is believed to be the deity that bestows wealth, fortune, and prosperity. Before the festival, Lakshmi’s devotees clean their homes to prepare for her arrival. Many shops and stalls, such as those in Little India, Brickfields, sell Indian ornaments for home decoration. In addition, visitors can find many beautiful Indian traditional clothes and jewellery. On the eve of Deepavali, the devotees pray to the Goddess either at home or in the temples. Then, they gather with their relatives for a feast, and light oil-filled clay lamps, which is a symbol of good triumphing over evil.

Deepavali celebration in Malaysia

Deepavali celebration in Malaysia

 

Vishu

The female members of a Malayalee family prepare vishu kanni or offering to Lord Vishnu. The offerings include gold coins, vegetables, flowers and fruits.

The female members of a Malayalee family prepare vishu kanni or offering to Lord Vishnu. The offerings include gold coins, vegetables, flowers and fruits.

Vishu is the new year of Malayalee ethnic group. It is celebrated on the first day of the month of Medam on the Malayalee calendar (around the second week of April). For the Malayalee, Vishu is the most auspicious occasion to pray and make offerings to Hindu holy deities. During this happy occasion, it is common for Malayalee elders to give kaineetam or money offerings to the younger generation.

Malayalee elders often give kaineetam or money offering to the younger generation

Malayalee elders often give kaineetam or money offering to the younger generation

 

Onam

The Festival of Onam, a celebration of gratitude

The Festival of Onam, a celebration of gratitude

Onam is a Malayalee harvest festival that is celebrated in the month of Chingam on the Malayalam calendar (between August and September). Onam is a harvest festival that celebrates the end of the rice planting season, and the return of King Mahabali, the benevolent demon king, from the underworld.

The celebration of Onam at the Klang Malayalee Association

The celebration of Onam at the Klang Malayalee Association

 

Ugadi

Ugadi celebration organised by Telugu Association of Malaysia

Ugadi celebration organised by Telugu Association of Malaysia

Ugadi is the New Year celebration for Telugu ethnic group. It is celebrated in the month of Chaitra on the Panchanga Indian calendar (between March and April). Before the eve of Ugadi, the Telugu clean their homes, purchase new clothes, and decorate their homes with mango leaves and colourful rangoli, floor patterns made from coloured rice, flour, sand, and petals. On the eve of Ugadi, the eldest person in the household leads the family in a prayer ceremony to the Hindu deities, asking for blessings, good health, wealth, and happiness in the coming year.

 

Notable places associated with Indians in Malaysia

The following are two known places that represent Indian culture in Malaysia.

Little India, Brickfields entrance

Little India, Brickfields entrance

Little India, Brickfields

Little India is located within walking distance from the KL Sentral Station in Brickfields. The Malaysian government transformed a residential area in Brickfields into a hub for the Indian community and businesses, and thus the place was known as Little India. In October 2010, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Malaysian Prime Minister Mohammed Najib Tun Abdul Razak officially inaugurated Little India in Brickfields.

Little India, Brickfields

Little India, Brickfields

Today, Little India in Brickfields spans from Jalan Travers to Jalan Tun Sambathan. There are many vendors that sell Indian food, ornaments, accessories, jewelleries, garments, and ingredients. Little India is a lively area, with many vendors open till late at night. However, finding a parking can be challenging, so visitors can choose to take the train, get off at KL Sentral Station and walk to Little India.

 

Visiting Little India, Brickfields

Transportation
There are many transportation options to go to Little India, Brickfields:

  • Monorail – Visitors can take the KL Monorail and get off at the Tun Sambanthan station
  • Light Rapid Transit (LRT) – Visitors can board an LRT on the Kelana Jaya Line and get off at the KL Sentral station.
  • Train – Visitors can take the KTM Komuter Line or Express Rail Link (ERL) and get off at the KL Sentral station.
  • Bus – Visitors can choose to take any RapidKL buses that go through Brickfields. Visit the RapidKL site for more information at http://www.myrapid.com.my/

Accommodation
Should you prefer to stay around Little India in Brickfields, the following are available accommodations in the area (please do further research to find the most suitable accommodations for your needs):

  1. OYO Rooms Brickfields Little India
    Address:
    My Signature Hotel Little India
    130 Jalan Thamby Abdullah
    Kuala-Lumpur, KL Sentral, 50470
    Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur
    Malaysia
    Phone: +60104011393
  2. Aloft Kuala Lumpur Sentral Hotel
    Address:
    No. 5 Jalan Stesen Sentral 5,
    Kuala Lumpur Sentral
    50470 Kuala Lumpur
    Malaysia
    Phone: +60 3-2723 1188

 

Batu Caves

Batu Caves

Batu Caves

Batu Caves, also known as the Rock Caves in English, is a Hindu temple in Selangor located 13 kilometres away from downtown Kuala Lumpur. The temple was built to honour Lord Murugan, the god of war. Batu Caves attracts millions of devotees and tourists every year, as it is the main site for the Thaipusam Festival. Visitors can receive blessings from the Hindu priests in the temple.

The name of the cave was inspired from the Sungai Batu, a river that passes through a limestone hill and three major caves around the location. There are three other major caves in the area: Temple Cave or Cathedral Cave, Cave Villa, Ramayana Cave.

Sri Subramaniar Swamy Temple
Address:
Batu Caves
68000 Selangor
Malaysia
Phone: +603 6189 6284
Fax: +603 6187 2404
Email: [email protected]

 

Temple Cave or Cathedral Cave

Temple Cave or Cathedral Cave

Temple Cave or Cathedral Cave

Temple Cave is the largest cave in the area and especially dedicated to Lord Murugan. On the outside of the cave, visitors can see the world’s tallest image of Lord Murugan, a 42-metre tall, majestic, golden statue. To reach the Temple Cave, visitors must climb 272 steps from the foothill. There is no fee charged to enter Temple Cave, but if they want to, visitors can make voluntary donations.

Cave Villa

Cave Villa

Cave Villa

Cave Villa is located at the foot of Batu Caves and it contains in an art gallery and a museum that display images and statues of various Hindu deities. To enter Cave Villa, international visitors should pay RM15 per person, while Malaysian residents can pay RM7 per person.

Art Gallery at Cave Villa.

Art Gallery at Cave Villa.

The pool outside Cave Villa in Batu Caves.

The pool outside Cave Villa in Batu Caves.

Ramayana Cave

Ramayana Cave

Ramayana Cave

Ramayana Cave is located to the left of the limestone hill. On the way to Ramayana Cave, visitors will see a 15-metre tall green statue of Hanuman, the Hindu monkey god from the Ramayana mythology. The statue was possibly built on that location because of the many monkeys residing in Batu Caves.

In addition to the statue of Hanuman, visitors will get to see a temple dedicated to Lord Rama, the seventh avatar of Vishnu. The wall inside the Ramayana Cave is filled with the drawings that depict the story of Ramayana. To enter Ramayana Cave, visitors must pay RM5 per person.

Hanuman statue in front of Ramayana Cave

Hanuman statue in front of Ramayana Cave

Visiting Batu Caves

Batu Caves is located around 13 kilometres north of Kuala Lumpur’s city centre. During the Thaipusam festival, a special bus service will be available from KL Sentral Station to Batu Caves to transport devotees and visitors. Visitors can also choose to use taxi services. Another option is to use the KTM Komuter line (Batu Caves – Seremban route) or, if visitors are travelling from Kuala Lumpur City, they can choose to take the KTM Komuter line from KL Sentral to Batu Caves, which cost RM2 each way.

 

Indian Cuisine in Malaysia

Banana Leaf Rice

Banana leaf rice

Indian influence can also be seen in Malaysia’s cuisine. Since 90% of Indians in Malaysia are of Tamil ethnicity, some Malaysian cuisines have been influenced by South Indian cuisine, and have created what is now called Mamak cuisine.

Generally, Malaysian Indian dishes contain curry leaves, spices such as cloves, cardamom, cinnamon, and fresh coconuts. Some examples of Malaysian Indian cuisine include accar, appam, avail, banana leaf rice, briyani rice, roti canai, chapatti, and many more.

Briyani Rice

Briyani rice

Roti Canai

Roti canai

If you prefer to have authentic Indian food, there are several Indian restaurants in Malaysia that you can try:

  • Spice of India
    Address:
    Level 4 Suria KLCC, Suria KLCC
    Jalan Ampang
    50088 Kuala Lumpur
    Malaysia
    Phone: +60 3-2164 9221
    Hours: 11:30AM–10PM
  • Chappati.com
    Address:
    9B-2, Jalan Kemajuan
    Seksyen 13,
    Petaling Jaya
    46200 Selangor
    Malaysia
    Phone:+60 3-7931 3106
    Hours:11:30AM–2:30PM, 5:30–10:30PM
  • Namaste Indian Restaurant
    Address:
    4, Jalan Datuk Sulaiman
    Taman Tun Dr Ismail
    60000 Kuala Lumpur
    Malaysia
    Phone:+60 3-7724 1195
    Hours: 10AM–10PM
  • Sagar Restaurant Sdn. Bhd.
    Address:
    4, Lorong Maarof, Bangsar
    59000 Kuala Lumpur
    Malaysia
    Phone:+60 3-2284 2532
    Hours: 12–3PM, 6–10:30PM

 

Prominent Personalities of Indian heritage

Throughout their long history, Indians have played major roles and contribute to the betterment of Malaysia. The followings are selected well-known personalities of Indian heritage.

 

Historical Personalities

An artist’s illustration of Tun Fatimah on a Malaysian stamp

An artist’s illustration of Tun Fatimah on a Malaysian stamp

Tun Fatimah

Tun Fatimah was the only surviving daughter of Tun Mutahir of Malacca. She was married to a man named Tun Ali before becoming the third wife of Sultan Mahmud Shah, after he killed all her family members. She had miscarried many times during the first several years of her marriage to Sultan Mahmud Shah due to her grief. The Sultan then promised her that should she bear a male heir, her son would be the heir presumptive to the throne. After that, Tun Fatimah managed to give birth to two sons and two daughters.

Malay actress Maria Menado playing the role of Tun Fatimah.

Malay actress Maria Menado playing the role of Tun Fatimah.

Tun Fatimah was a popular and charismatic queen consort. During her tenure, she made sure to punish everyone who was involved in murdering her family members, except for her husband. After Malacca was invaded by Portugal, two of her sons moved on and established their own sultanates. Her first son, Raja Raden Ali established the Perak Sultanate and her second son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II established the Johor Sultanate.

 

Tun Ali of Malacca (in office: 1445-1456)

Sri Nara Diraja Tun Ali was the fourth Prime Minister of the Malaccan Sultanate who was of Tamil ethnicity. He was such a powerful personality in within the Malaccan Sultanate that after the death of his master, Raja Sri Parameswara Dewa Shah, also known as Sultan Abu Syahid Shah (r. 1444 – 1446), he enthroned his nephew, Raja Kassim as the new sultan of Malacca and bestowed him the title of Sultan Muzaffar Shah (r. 1445 – 1459).

 

Tun Mutahir of Malacca (in office: 1500-1510)

Tun Mutahir was the seventh Prime Minister of the Malaccan Sultanate. He was of Tamil descent and a Muslim leader. During his tenure, he installed many Muslim officials, who happened to be his relatives, in key government positions. This practice of nepotism provoked opposition from Raja Mudaliar, the then leader of the Port of Malacca, who accused Tun Mutahir of plotting to take the throne. Upon hearing this news, the ruler of the time, Sultan Mahmud Shah ordered that all family members of Tun Mutahir be killed, except for one person, Tun Fatimah, whom the sultan opted to marry.

 

Businessmen

 

Tony Fernandez

Tony Fernandez

Tony Fernandez

Tan Sri Anthony Francis Fernandez, known better as Tony Fernandez, was born on 30 April 1964 in Kuala Lumpur to an Indian family. He famously saved AirAsia, a former government affiliated airline, from the verge of bankruptcy, and turned it into one of the most lucrative low-cost airlines in the world. In addition to AirAsia, he is the founder and shareholder of the Tune Hotels chain of budget hotels, as well as the Caterham F1 Formula One team.

 

Ananda Krishnan

Ananda Krishnan

Ananda Krishnan

Tatparanandam Ananda Krishnan was born on 1 April 1938 to a Tamil family descended from Sri Lanka. After obtaining an undergraduate degree from the University of Melbourne and a master’s degree from Harvard University, he went on to own many companies in various industries such as Astro and Johnston Press PLC media services, the MEASAT and SES satellites, oil and gas companies Bumi Armada and Pexco, and telecommunications companies such as Maxis, Aircel, Axis, Sri Lanka Telecom. The 2016 Forbes Magazine named him the 158th richest person in the world, and the 2nd richest person in Malaysia.

 

Arts and Entertainment

 

V. Nagaraj

V. Nagaraj is a notable movie producer and director in Malaysia, born on 20 November 1962 to a Tamil family. He has been working in the Malaysian entertainment industry for over 30 years and directed many Malay movies such as, Gila-Gila Remaja, Mati Hidup Semula, Sepi Itu Indah, Keluarga 99, and many more. V. Nagaraj won the Best Promising Director award for his movie, Ghazal Untuk Rabiah, and he also won the Best Director award in the Malaysian Indian Film Festival in Chennai.

 

Activists and social workers

 

Ambiga Sreenevasan

Ambiga Sreenevasan

Ambiga Sreenevasan

Dato’ Ambiga Sreenevasan is a Malaysian lawyer and a human rights activist, born in 1956 to an Indian family. Dato’ Ambiga is the member of Women’s Aid Organisation Executive Committee, and the Director of the Securities Industry Dispute Resolution Centre. She was previously the 24th Malaysian Bar Council President from 2007 to 2009.

 

Politicians

 

Tun Dato’ Seri Dr Mahathir bin Mohamad (1925)

Mahathir Mohamad

Mahathir Mohamad

Tun Dato’ Seri Dr Mahathir was the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia (1981 – 2003), and currently serves as Chairman of Malaysian United Indigenous Party. Born on 10 July 1925 to a family of Indian descent in Kedah, his father was a school principal who inspired Mahathir to work hard in school.

Tun Dato’ Mahathir is one of the most prominent figures in Malaysian politics, and has held many key positions, such as member of Dewan Rakyat (1964 – 1969), member of Dewan Negara (1972 – 1974), 21st Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement, Minister of Education (1974 – 1977), Minister of Trade and Industry (1978 – 1981), Minister of Defence (1981 – 1986), Minister of Home Affairs (1986 – 1999), Minister of Finance (2001 – 2003), fourth Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (1976 – 1981), and as the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia (1981 – 2003).

 

Devan Nair Chengara Veetil (1923 – 2005)

C.V. Devan Nair (1923 – 2005)]

C.V. Devan Nair (1923 – 2005)]

Commonly known as C.V. Devan Nair, was the third President of Singapore. He was born on 5 August 1923 in Malacca to a family who came from Kerala, India. When he was ten years old, his family migrated to Singapore. In 1954, C.V. Devan Nair entered the People’s Action Party (PAP) founded by Lee Kuan Yew, who later became Singapore’s Prime Minister from 1959 to 1990. From there, he became a notable figure in Malaysian and Singapore politics. During his lifetime, he held many important positions, such as the Secretary General of the Democratic Action Party in Malaysia (1965 – 1967), the Secretary General of the Malaysian People’s Action Party in Malaysia (1965), member of the Malaysian Parliament for Bungsar, Selangor (1964 – 1969), member of the Singapore Parliament for Anson (1979 – 1981), and finally, the third President of Singapore from 1981 to 1985.

 

V.T. Sambanthan (1919 – 1979)

V. T. Sambanthan giving a garland of flowers to Tunku Abdul Rahman

V. T. Sambanthan giving a garland of flowers to Tunku Abdul Rahman

Tun Thirunyanasambanthan s/o Veerasamy, also known as T. Sampatang, was born in 1919 in Sungai Siput, Perak. He was the fifth President of the Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) from 1955 to 1973 and one of the leaders who played an important role in the Malaysian independence movement. V.T. Sambanthan was considered as the founding fathers of Malaysia together with Tunku Abdul Rahman and Tan Cheng Lock.

 
Sources of information

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysian_Indian
  • http://www.sabrizain.org/malaya/hindu2.htm
  • http://www.forbes.com/profile/ananda-krishnan/
  • http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/malaysia-population/
  • https://www.quora.com/What-are-some-of-the-achievements-of-Chola-dynasty-of-South-India
  • http://www.indexmundi.com/malaysia/demographics_profile.html
  • http://www.littleindia.com/nri/1781-indians-in-malaysia-an-alienated-community.html
  • http://www.indianhighcommission.com.my/index.html
  • http://www.malaysia.travel/en/places/states-of-malaysia/kuala-lumpur/little-india-brickfields
  • http://minorityrights.org/minorities/indians-2/
  • http://www.malaysiasite.nl/indians.htm
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_place_names_in_Malaysia
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajendra_Chola_I
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panchatantra
  • http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/thaipusam-festival-hindus-facial-body-piercings-make-pilgrimage-malaysias-batu-caves-1486368
  • http://www.wonderfulmalaysia.com/malaysia-thaipusam-hindu-festival.htm
  • http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/malaysia/deepavali
  • http://www.wonderfulmalaysia.com/faq/deepavali.htm
  • http://www.rappler.com/life-and-style/travel/45536-kuala-lumpur-ten-places
  • http://www.malaysia-traveller.com/batu-caves.html
  • http://www.kuala-lumpur.ws/attractions/brickfields.htm
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batu_Caves
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onam
  • http://www.dgreetings.com/ugadi/ugadi.html
  • http://www.telugu-malaysia.com/2013/05/kuchipudi-dance-for-ugadi-celebration.html
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tun_Ali_of_Malacca
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tun_Fatimah#First_Marriage_To_Tun_Ali
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Fernandes
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ananda_Krishnan
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V._Nagaraj
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devan_Nair
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambiga_Sreenevasan
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V._T._Sambanthan
  • https://asianinspirations.com.au/asian-culture/all-about-malaysian-indian-culture/
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysian_Indian_cuisine

 
For more interesting information:

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13 Responses to Indians in Malaysia

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  1. wan wai meng on Feb 3, 2017 at 11:46 pm

    Indians culture being so rich and powerful affected many neighbouring countries and statements. As early as the 1st century Indian kings and culture had pervaded Bujang Valley, where Kedah is now located.

    The history and culture of Bujang Valley predates Borobudur in Java and Angkor Wat in Cambodia. Why Bujang Valley has not emerged as a top tourist destination is a mystery to me given that it has so much archaelogical and historical value.

    Look at more recent times, the Indians had contributed much to Malaysian history and development, I wish the Indians would carry on contributing to the state of Malaysia.

  2. NgJesvin on Jan 22, 2017 at 1:42 pm

    From labour to citizen. Indian people are same as Chinese people in Malaysia. Both races traveled far from their home and looking for a scoop of rice in 18th century.

    Without Indian and Chinese people, the uniqueness of Malaysian Culture would not have existed. After six decades of independence, the cultures of Malay, Indian and Chinese blend very well in this country. It overrides the boundary of language, skin colour and religion.

    Thank you Rinpoche for covering this subject for us.

    Humbly with hand folded,
    NgJesvin

  3. Julien Roth on Jan 12, 2017 at 1:11 am

    There is only one thing to say, without Indians Malaysia wouldn’t be the same. They have become quite a big part of the country. They have influenced many things such as food, lifestyle and music. And for sure none of these can be reversed. Batu Caves, for me, feels like the most popular Indian tourist destination of the world. That is the kind of impacts they have on Malaysia.

    Being a Malaysian I can safely say that I am not proud about several aspects of my country. Malaysian drivers, corruption, litter, just to name a few. But I have to say, you will probably never find a country with more diversity than Malaysia. We really are united as a nation and I do truly believe the phrase “Satu Malaysia”. For me that is Malaysias strongest attribute.

  4. Pastor Han Nee on Jan 7, 2017 at 1:07 pm

    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this interesting article on the Indians in Malaysia. It makes us understand more deeply and appreciate more the unique Indian culture and tradition as practised in Malaysia.Although the Indian ethnic group contributes presently to only 6.7% of the whole population of Malaysia, yet over the years since the first influx of migrants from India, the Indians in Malaysia have left an indelible mark on especially local Malay culture, cuisine and language. Note that several of the local Malay folklores are heavily influenced by rich Indian mythologies, such as Mahabharata and Ramayana. We see this in the ‘Hikayats’ particularly the Kedah Annals.Some of the Malay words show the influence of the Hindi, Sanskrit and Tamil languages.

    In terms of religion, pre-colonial and colonial Indian settlers in Malaysia were predominantly Buddhist or Hindu. However, today due to the assimilation with other ethnicities, some Indians have embraced other beliefs, such as Islam and Christianity.

    Thaipusam and Deepavali have become widely celebrated in Malaysia as festivals, not necessarily confined to only Malaysian Indians. The Thaipusam festival is a celebration to honour the god of war, Lord Murugan.Devotees show their gratitude to Lord Murugan through acts of penance ,like piercing their cheeks with lances and carrying the kavadi, often in a state of trance. What characterises the worship of the Hindu gods and goddesses is that there is a great display of exceptional reverence and devotion.

  5. Eddie Yee on Jan 6, 2017 at 2:21 pm

    Though Malaysia was said to be a multiracial country, Malaysia’s early racial political leading group, The Barisan National, have stood well to remain steadfastly united to overcome all “Divisive social political challenges”. In the Barisan, irrespective whether you are a Malay, a Chinese or an Indian, all must always renew their steadfast commitments towards the Country’s nation-building goal, with their deepest and truest honesty. Like all true malaysian, the Indian community in Malaysia, could have shown resilence and resourcefulness in helping out Malaysia at such needs, and thereby, the Indians in Malaysia today, can enjoy the fruits of their labour like all true Malaysians do! As in the old record of Malaysia’s inportant history, one very prominent indian leader worthy of mention, and who had helped play an important role in the Malaysian Independence movement, which had made Malaysia what it is today, was non other than Tun V.T.SAMBANTHAN. He was considered as one of the Founding fathers of Malaysia, together with Tunku Abdul Rahman (also our Bapa Malaysia) and Tan Cheng Lock.

  6. Alice Tay on Jan 4, 2017 at 3:33 pm

    Malaysia is a very beautiful country with various ethnicities, religions and cultures. Despite the population of Malaysia comprises of Malays, Indians, Chinese and many other ethnic groups, they live together in peace and harmony.

    Through this article, we can know Indian has very much influence in various aspects of Malaysia’s culture, especially in Malay language and cuisine. Besides, Malaysia has more religious freedom than many countries and therefore Malaysian Indians is free to practice their religions and festival celebrations.

    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this interesting article.

  7. paul yap on Jan 4, 2017 at 3:11 pm

    Indian has a very rich cultures, their traditions could be as old as the one found in China. Growing up in Malaysia, most of us are very familiar with Indian festive seasons and food. Thaipusam is their largest celebration in a year, we got the chance to witness the procession of kavadi. We also got the opportunity enjoying delicious food like Roti Canai, Idli, warda, puttu mayam, teh tarik. On Top of that, Buddhism was founded and originated from India itself. Without knowing, our daily life is surrounded by lots of elements originated from India.

  8. Stella Cheang on Jan 3, 2017 at 3:33 pm

    The Indian people played a significant role in the development and growth of Malaysia as a nation since the days of the Sultanate times. Malaysia is blessed to enjoy great diversity that allows the preservation and enrichment of the Indian culture. Today, we get to enjoy the marvellous Indian food, Indian traditions and the economic benefits passed down by our fellow Indian forth-fathers. Thank you Rinpoche for this sharing to deepen our understanding on fellow Malaysian!

  9. Echeah on Jan 2, 2017 at 2:33 am

    Diversity is the spice of life. Malaysia certainly is a smorgasbord of many different cultures. As a result, Malaysians are mostly multi-lingual. The food among the different races have kept their distinctions but there are certainly lots of cross-cultural influences.
    Indian culture is so colourful. Even looking at the pictures, it’s a riot of colours.

    Come to think of it, we have India to thank for because Buddhism came from India 2500 yrs ago, and here we are.

    Talking about food and spice, I love Indian cuisine and yum, need to get some tomorrow. Also, I wonder why roti canai is called roti canai. Everywhere else, it is called paratha. Maybe it’s the Malaysianised version of the paratha, and here, it is quite an interesting spectacle watching them make roti canai where the dough is deftly spun and tossed in the air to stretch the dough thin, resulting in a really fluffy bread, best paratha in the world. That’s our unique roti canai. Every foreign visitor that I’ve brought to eat it said they absolutely loved it.

  10. JP on Jan 1, 2017 at 4:17 pm

    Indians have been in Malaysia for many centuries. Although I live here in Malaysia, I didn’t realise that there are various ethnic Indian populations here.

    Indian presence is very prominent in Malaysia. It is part of Malaysia’s multi racial community which makes our country very unique. We all grew up respecting each other’s culture. I’ve always found Indian culture very fascinating, colourful and somewhat mystical. Regardless of the differences, we could still live harmoniously. Our differences were never an issue. They actually made our friendship more interesting as there was always something new to learn.

    I believe it’s important to respect one another regardless of our race, religion and gender. Only then, can we progress and live in peace.

  11. Choong on Dec 31, 2016 at 10:19 pm

    This is a wonderful celebration of how the people from the Indian sub-continent have left their mark in South East Asia in general and Malaysia in particular. We have much to be thankful for.

  12. Lew on Dec 31, 2016 at 7:01 pm

    Indians, like Malays and Chinese, have always been an important part of Malaysia culture. I think one of the biggest influence of Indian in Malaysia is probably the food. We are so used to the Indian food sometimes we even forgot they are Indian food.

    But many Indians descendants in Malaysia is not doing too well in general. Study showed that many Indians grow up having to deal with gangsters. Police investigation also showed that many gangsters are of Indian descendants. It is not discriminational, but we really need to spend more effort in helping them as they are also Malaysians.

    May all the different races in Malaysia live in harmony and may all accept and respect the different cultures and religions.

  13. Fong on Dec 31, 2016 at 5:43 pm

    Thank you for an in depth study of the Indians in Malaysia. It was interesting to note the early migration of the Indians into Kedah and the southern parts of Malaya in ancient times.

    It was interesting too, how the Sanskrit words made it into the local language.

    Thank you for a very interesting article.

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  • Alice Tay
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 10:01 PM
    This is really great news for having SFS campaign to help the stray dogs. Other than to urge and educate the public to treat the stray dogs with compassionately, SFS campaign encourages for all quarters to work together to spay or neuter stray animals which is an effective method to control the amount of stray dogs. Indirectly, this may reduce the suffering of stray dogs from being abused or die because of starvation.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/stray-free-selangor.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 10:00 PM
    Good news finally Selangor becaome the first state free from stray dogs. With the support of the royalties and the Selangor Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) organised the campaign to make
    the state free of stray dogs and create the awareness of compassionate love towards stray animals.They are working work towards a radical change,thats a worderful news.
    Well ,do hope more states will follow Selangor to replace the inhumane way of dealing with stray animals too.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this wonderful news.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/stray-free-selangor.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 05:29 PM
    These iconographically correct Buddha images set in precious gemstones are one of its kind and unique in every sense of the word. And the designs are versatile to suit any apparels and occasions, redefining the Buddhist sense of fashion in a big way. Thank you, Rinpoche and Louise for this sharing. I hope the pendants will bring protections to the wearer and connections to the Buddha to those who admire it by sight.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/timeless-and-sacred.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 03:29 PM
    Very inspiring true story of a monk…Master Xuyun after going through many hardships and illness to pursue what he wanted to be. What he did was amazing travelling in harsh conditions to so many places just to preach chinese buddhism from one country to another. Master Xuyun has spent his entired life devoted to the Dharma,During the war many monasteries and holy sites was destroyed but somehow Master Xuyun managed to restore once again.Because of him ,those monasteries and holy sites were till today. He was a household name at that time and have inspired many modern spiritual seeker to strive along the path towards enlightenment.
    Thank you Pastor Adeline Woon for such an interesting and inspiring article.
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/empty-cloud.html#tabs-7
  • Lin Mun
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 11:47 AM
    It is ironic that Dalai Lama would have given a remarks to discourage country such as Germany to accept refugees and that refugees should return to homeland and to build the country. I think this is really a callous statement to be mentioned. Dalai Lama being the Tibetan Buddhist leader should portray compassion and extending help to those in need. All these refugees are running away for their life because their own country is not safe to stay anymore. Just like what Tibetan has encountered in the late 1950s.

    This kind of contrary statement is also very obvious in the Dorje Shugden ban. Dorje Shugden have been practised by many high lamas since 400 years ago and also by Dalai Lama’s Guru but it is ban by Tibetan leadership.

    Dalai Lama is a high lama and is believed to be the emanation of Chenrezig. Although his statements were contrary sometimes but I believe he would have the reason that we may not understand yet. Hopefully all the issues would be resolve in peace.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/dalai-lama-says-too-many-refugees-in-europe.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 12:34 AM
    Wonderful good news to learn about this first of its kind progressive campaign to help the stray animals in Malaysia by the Sultan and Permaisuri of Selangor. While stray animals can be a nuisance to the public at large but bear in mind, the strays do not have a choice, and we have a role to play. Neutering strays is a humane and compassionate ways of resolving the program of stray animals in the long run because it largely reduces the numbers of strays on the streets. Neutering and proving proper shelters to strays can prevent thousands of animals from being born, only to suffer and struggle to survive on the streets, be abused by cruel or neglectful people, or be euthanized inhumanely. I have read somewhere that says spaying and neutering makes a big difference: Just one unaltered female dog and her offspring can produce 67,000 puppies in only six years. In seven years, one female cat and her offspring can produce an incredible 370,000 kittens!

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/stray-free-selangor.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 12:15 AM
    Humans and animals, as well as other sentient beings within the six realms of samsara, are subjected to the law of cyclic of existence. Karma or generally known as the law of cause and effect will determine where we take our next rebirth. It is extremely rare for sentient beings to take the form of a human body and in perfect condition. Hence we must not let this precious lifetime go to waste by indulging in silly actions and harmful ways. If we are born in the animals realms or lower, there is close to zero way for us to collect merits and get out of that realm.

    From the stories above, I find the story about Dalawong most unusual because he seemed to be able to determine the destination of his next rebirth after he was being killed as a snake. After he had taken rebirth in human form, he continued to remember the incident in his past life. Amazing!

    Thank you, Rinpoche, for sharing these researches with us.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/science-mysteries/do-animals-reincarnate-back-as-humans.html
  • Tsem Rinpoche
    Wednesday, Mar 29. 2017 09:42 PM
    If we are kind, we lose less of ourselves-Tsem Rinpoche
  • Lin Mun
    Wednesday, Mar 29. 2017 03:50 PM
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this article about tsa tsa. Didn’t know there are many steps and holy materials used in making a tsa tsa. In addition, the maker of tsa tsa would need to do prayer in the morning depending of what tsa tsa they are making on the day, for example, the maker will do Dorje Shugden practise before making Dorje Shugden tsa tsa.

    Only by knowing the process, we will appreciate the items more. Tsa tsa is a precious item.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/tsa-tsas-are-nice.html
  • Pastor Shin Tan
    Wednesday, Mar 29. 2017 09:28 AM
    Dalawong: A Child Recalls a Past Life as a Cobra in Thailand

    This case was actually researched by the late Francis Story, a British citizen who was fascinated with Buddhism and spent many years in Asia. He was also very interested in the topic of reincarnation and assisted Dr. Stevenson in investigating a number of very important reincarnation cases in Burma and Sri Lanka. Francis interviewed the subject of this case, a Thai boy named Dalowong, along with his father, mother and sister. He also had access to a pamphlet that was previously published regarding the case, which was also summarized in an article in the Bangkok Times.

    Dalawong actually claimed two past animal incarnations. He recalled a past lifetime as a deer, which he said was killed by a hunter. Subsequently, he stated he was reincarnated as a snake, more specifically, as a cobra.

    As the snake, Dalawong remembered that he was in a cave when two dogs entered and attacked him. A ferocious struggle ensued between the cobra and the dogs. The owner of the dogs then entered the cave and killed the snake. Apparently, the snake was able to bite the human invader on the shoulder, prior to succumbing to death.

    The human took the cobra’s body back home, where the snake was cooked for a meal. This man shared the snake meat with an acquaintance, who would become Dalawong’s father in the near future. The man who killed the cobra had the name Mr. Hiew.

    Read more here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/science-mysteries/do-animals-reincarnate-back-as-humans.html
  • Alice Tay
    Tuesday, Mar 28. 2017 08:40 PM
    谢谢Paul Yap 为我们介绍马来西亚彭亨州文东必定参观的地方之一~克切拉禅修林。就如照片显示,克切拉禅修林的确是一个环境清幽、山明水秀以及令人有宁静舒适的感觉。

    如果有机会到马来西亚游玩,千万不要错过由Paul Yap介绍克切拉禅修林里的几个优美与神圣的地方,包括:
    1. 金泽”财王”
    2. 金刚瑜伽母佛塔
    3. 绿度母石雕像
    4. 药师佛山
    5. 梦幻文殊菩萨
    6. 詹仁波切的货柜屋
    7. 文殊山
    8. 智慧堂(释迦摩尼佛像和多杰雄登像)

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/go-bentong.html
  • Alice Tay
    Tuesday, Mar 28. 2017 08:09 PM
    The sculpture of Kuan Yin in Macau is simple but elegant. Most importantly, this big Kuan Yin in Macau is built to bring peace, harmony and prosperity to the people.

    I remember Rinpoche mentioned before a big Buddha statue will have positive impact on the environment and plant the Buddha’s seeds in all sentient beings that not only humans but also including animals and many others. Therefore, the bigger Buddha statue the more beneficial to all sentient beings where they can see and be blessed by this big Buddha statue from far.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/art-architecture/kuan-yin-of-macau-city.html
  • Lin Mun
    Tuesday, Mar 28. 2017 03:29 PM
    Krishnan’s effort and hard work in contributing to the society is very inspiring. He is willing to let go of his high paying job to Switzerland and staying back in India to operate a soup kitchen for homeless. On top of that he is willing to accept the hardship of financial restraint every month in maintaining his service for the people living in the street. I hope his good work will bring more awareness and sponsors for him especially when CNN showed the video of his work and awarded him with top 10 CNN heroes.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/chef-turned-hero.html
  • Pastor Shin Tan
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 06:42 PM
    According to the Buddhist teachings, we all have a unique blend of karma that determines where we are born, the circumstances of our birth and the quality of our life. Naturally, this is due to the actions that we performed in previous lives. Karma also dictates our characteristics and traits that determine how we act throughout our lives, which in turn leads to certain outcomes in this life and a determination of where we will take rebirth in the future.

    Karma, however, is not set in stone. We can change our circumstances through our own efforts – purification of karma and accumulation of merit. Tibetan astrology, based on these Buddhist principles, provides us the methods to ensure success in this life and a good rebirth in the future. Tibetan astrology can also predict what will happen to us in this life and our next rebirth based on the time of our birth.

    Discover your traits according to the Mewa, or Magical Square system of Tibetan astrology below, and find out how to purify your negative karma to improve your life!

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/tibetan-astrology/tibetan-astrology.html
  • Tsem Rinpoche
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 05:24 PM
    Very interesting:


    Radin explained in his book: “For a Western-trained academic, the mere existence of, say, telepathy would be considered supernormal and thus wildly extraordinary. But for an experienced yogi, it’s just a boringly normal minor siddhi [a Sanskrit term for a meditation attainment, or power]. A skeptical scientist, not having the benefit of thousands of hours of practice in yoga and meditation, would require repeatable, rigorously obtained experimental data showing odds against chance of a gazillion to one. The yogi merely requires his own experience.”


    Very interesting read: http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/2157904-supernormal-abilities-developed-through-meditation-dr-dean-radin-discusses/?sidebar=morein

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Technical: Lew Kwan Leng, Justin Ripley, Yong Swee Keong
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Content: Tsem Rinpoche, Justin Ripley, Pastor Shin Tan, Sarah Yap
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I must thank my dharma blog team who are great assets to me, Kechara and growth of dharma in this wonderful region. I am honoured and thrilled to work with them. I really am. Maybe I don't say it enough to them, but I am saying it now. I APPRECIATE THESE GUYS VERY MUCH!

Tsem Rinpoche

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The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
So go pursue all the way with the unknown,
because all unknown with familiarity becomes the known.
~Tsem Rinpoche

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If we are kind, we lose less of ourselves-Tsem Rinpoche
yesterday
If we are kind, we lose less of ourselves-Tsem Rinpoche
My Mumu boy didn\'t want to eat. Eating is not one of his favorite activities throughout his life. So I talked to him to let him know why he needs to eat and keep his strength up when this photo was taken. He was listening intently and after my talk with him, he ate. Tsem Rinpoche
yesterday
My Mumu boy didn't want to eat. Eating is not one of his favorite activities throughout his life. So I talked to him to let him know why he needs to eat and keep his strength up when this photo was taken. He was listening intently and after my talk with him, he ate. Tsem Rinpoche
This is so true. Click to enlarge and understand more about unpleasant people.
yesterday
This is so true. Click to enlarge and understand more about unpleasant people.
This mahasiddha Kukkuripa is easy to identify as he is accompanied by a small dog whom he loved very much.
4 days ago
This mahasiddha Kukkuripa is easy to identify as he is accompanied by a small dog whom he loved very much.
Mumu taking a rest in the turquoise room. Over the years, I always feel very satisfied when I see him covered with a blanket, safe and sleeping. I always wanted to make sure he was safe from harm, illness and distress. I wanted him to have a happy and loved life. Tsem Rinpoche
4 days ago
Mumu taking a rest in the turquoise room. Over the years, I always feel very satisfied when I see him covered with a blanket, safe and sleeping. I always wanted to make sure he was safe from harm, illness and distress. I wanted him to have a happy and loved life. Tsem Rinpoche
I wrapped my little Mumu boy up in my blanket and propped him up on my bed. He didn\'t move or wiggle and just looked at me. He is one funny entertaining little guy. Tsem Rinpoche
4 days ago
I wrapped my little Mumu boy up in my blanket and propped him up on my bed. He didn't move or wiggle and just looked at me. He is one funny entertaining little guy. Tsem Rinpoche
March 2017-Coaxing my little Mumu boy to eat his meal. He was not well and therefore not hungry. Tsem Rinpoche
4 days ago
March 2017-Coaxing my little Mumu boy to eat his meal. He was not well and therefore not hungry. Tsem Rinpoche
Click on picture to enlarge and see what Milarepa says. Profound.
2 weeks ago
Click on picture to enlarge and see what Milarepa says. Profound.
We are always trying to get somewhere, try something new, find some friends, get some entertainment and in the end we end up in the same place. Time to really practice Dharma seriously and stop wasting time we don\'t have. ~Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
We are always trying to get somewhere, try something new, find some friends, get some entertainment and in the end we end up in the same place. Time to really practice Dharma seriously and stop wasting time we don't have. ~Tsem Rinpoche
March 20, 2017-Mumu is just so adorable with his bright eyes.
2 weeks ago
March 20, 2017-Mumu is just so adorable with his bright eyes.
More and more people inviting Lord Dorje Shugden home to connect with on their shrines. I am so happy to see this as it will benefit them and their families so much. That is the purpose to be alive which is to benefit others as much as possible. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
More and more people inviting Lord Dorje Shugden home to connect with on their shrines. I am so happy to see this as it will benefit them and their families so much. That is the purpose to be alive which is to benefit others as much as possible. Tsem Rinpoche
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
2 weeks ago
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
2 weeks ago
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
The Japanese are very innovative. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
The Japanese are very innovative. Tsem Rinpoche
Read this as it will be interesting
2 weeks ago
Read this as it will be interesting
Recite this before any meal or drinks for blessings of abundance. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
Recite this before any meal or drinks for blessings of abundance. Tsem Rinpoche
This sacred statue of Buddha is in Nepal brought originally from Tibet and has spoken on many occasions. Very blessed to see this holy image and keep a picture...bless you always. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
This sacred statue of Buddha is in Nepal brought originally from Tibet and has spoken on many occasions. Very blessed to see this holy image and keep a picture...bless you always. Tsem Rinpoche
I love Mumu boy tremendously. We went through so much together for so many years. You are a great being to be with. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
I love Mumu boy tremendously. We went through so much together for so many years. You are a great being to be with. Tsem Rinpoche
Dear everyone, I am sharing this beautiful and modern altar to Dorje Shugden in Malaysia. I am glad to see more and more people creating sacred spaces. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
Dear everyone, I am sharing this beautiful and modern altar to Dorje Shugden in Malaysia. I am glad to see more and more people creating sacred spaces. Tsem Rinpoche
Lhamo Karmo, a female buddha form visualized above the crown of one\'s head at the time of death, to encourage consciousness to leave the body via the crown aperture. From my book \"The Female Buddhas.\"- Glenn Mullin
3 weeks ago
Lhamo Karmo, a female buddha form visualized above the crown of one's head at the time of death, to encourage consciousness to leave the body via the crown aperture. From my book "The Female Buddhas."- Glenn Mullin
The Tibetan female tulku Dorje Pakmo, from a fresco on the wall of the Dorje Pakmo monastery (Samding) in Tibet, near the Turquoise Lake. In Tibet the Dorje Pakmo was ranked with the Dalai Lama, Panchen Lama and Sakya Trizin as the four highest lamas in the country.-from Glenn Mullin
3 weeks ago
The Tibetan female tulku Dorje Pakmo, from a fresco on the wall of the Dorje Pakmo monastery (Samding) in Tibet, near the Turquoise Lake. In Tibet the Dorje Pakmo was ranked with the Dalai Lama, Panchen Lama and Sakya Trizin as the four highest lamas in the country.-from Glenn Mullin
Dharma boy, Mumu boy and Oser girl checking out the scene..cute
1 month ago
Dharma boy, Mumu boy and Oser girl checking out the scene..cute
My Dharma boy has such a cute expression here. He is a good boy!
1 month ago
My Dharma boy has such a cute expression here. He is a good boy!
February 9,2017-My Mumu boy and Oser girl are just relaxing together..super cute
2 months ago
February 9,2017-My Mumu boy and Oser girl are just relaxing together..super cute
Click on the picture to enlarge and see what Suzy from Hawaii commented on the Dorje Shugden issue after much research. She is very candid and honest. Refreshing. Original is posted here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vl-4lIwxph4
2 months ago
Click on the picture to enlarge and see what Suzy from Hawaii commented on the Dorje Shugden issue after much research. She is very candid and honest. Refreshing. Original is posted here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vl-4lIwxph4
This is a good one to read
2 months ago
This is a good one to read
Mumu is silly and cute and funny
2 months ago
Mumu is silly and cute and funny
Mumu\'s hair is messy and he looks funny
2 months ago
Mumu's hair is messy and he looks funny
I am in the process of creating beautiful Dorje Shugden and Kechara Forest Retreat watches at this time. So we can take precious protector and Kechara Forest Retreat wherever we go and be blessed everytime we see what time it is. 
I am perfecting the designs with a great team and will update when done but these are just some samples that arrived. 
Feast your eyes! 

Tsem Rinpoche
3 months ago
I am in the process of creating beautiful Dorje Shugden and Kechara Forest Retreat watches at this time. So we can take precious protector and Kechara Forest Retreat wherever we go and be blessed everytime we see what time it is. I am perfecting the designs with a great team and will update when done but these are just some samples that arrived. Feast your eyes! Tsem Rinpoche
                        Pick the practice, devotion and precepts of Vajra Yogini\'s path over everything and anything in samsara. Samsara has nothing of value and nothing lasting to offer. You are born in suffering, live in suffering, die in suffering and enter bardo and future lives expecting more sufferings. This is not a negative way of looking at things but the truth. If the truth is negative, so it is the truth. Devote oneself to the guru, dharma work, dharma practice and bringing dharma to others compassionately. Choose to practice Vajra Yogini now with the preliminaries. You can start right now: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/starting-on-vajra-yogini-now.html  Much care, Tsem Rinpoche
3 months ago
Pick the practice, devotion and precepts of Vajra Yogini's path over everything and anything in samsara. Samsara has nothing of value and nothing lasting to offer. You are born in suffering, live in suffering, die in suffering and enter bardo and future lives expecting more sufferings. This is not a negative way of looking at things but the truth. If the truth is negative, so it is the truth. Devote oneself to the guru, dharma work, dharma practice and bringing dharma to others compassionately. Choose to practice Vajra Yogini now with the preliminaries. You can start right now: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/starting-on-vajra-yogini-now.html Much care, Tsem Rinpoche
Message to Tibetans in English
3 months ago
Message to Tibetans in English
Message to the Tibetans
3 months ago
Message to the Tibetans
Left to right: Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche, Sharpa Choeje Jetsun Lobsang Nyima, Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche, Kyabje Lati Rinpoche, 101st Gaden Tripa Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal. Great lamas of Gaden Shartse Monastery
3 months ago
Left to right: Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche, Sharpa Choeje Jetsun Lobsang Nyima, Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche, Kyabje Lati Rinpoche, 101st Gaden Tripa Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal. Great lamas of Gaden Shartse Monastery
A beautiful Indian rendition of Gyenze Dorje Shugden manifesting in wealth form
3 months ago
A beautiful Indian rendition of Gyenze Dorje Shugden manifesting in wealth form
This is my thoughts and determination to share with you. Please open and read. Thank you for your time. Tsem Rinpoche
3 months ago
This is my thoughts and determination to share with you. Please open and read. Thank you for your time. Tsem Rinpoche
Nepalese King Birendra receives His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche in Nepal
4 months ago
Nepalese King Birendra receives His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche in Nepal
Guess what Zava Damdin Rinpoche did in Mongolia recently with 7,800 people??? Very interesting and it is a must read:  http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=116206
4 months ago
Guess what Zava Damdin Rinpoche did in Mongolia recently with 7,800 people??? Very interesting and it is a must read:  http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=116206
This huge Buddha in Korea is magnificent
4 months ago
This huge Buddha in Korea is magnificent
The very first oracle of Dorje Shugden in trance statue. I have commissioned this.
4 months ago
The very first oracle of Dorje Shugden in trance statue. I have commissioned this.
Such a old and ancient thangka painting of Dorje Shugden. He has been around in Tibet practiced for hundreds of years.
4 months ago
Such a old and ancient thangka painting of Dorje Shugden. He has been around in Tibet practiced for hundreds of years.
One of the "Four Exalted Brothers" Avalokiteshvara statues, Phagpa Wati of Kyirong, which is now with H.H. the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala.
4 months ago
One of the "Four Exalted Brothers" Avalokiteshvara statues, Phagpa Wati of Kyirong, which is now with H.H. the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala.
Kyabje Zemey, Kyabje Zong Rinpoche and Kyabje Pabongka Choktrul Rinpoche
4 months ago
Kyabje Zemey, Kyabje Zong Rinpoche and Kyabje Pabongka Choktrul Rinpoche
My Oser girl and Mumu boy are so adorable
4 months ago
My Oser girl and Mumu boy are so adorable
Wow this meditator in his cave in front of a painting of Yamantaka draped with a white khata of respect. He sits among bones to remind him of impermanence and our future. The bones inspire him strongly to let go of all attachments in this life and focus on dharma, meditation and liberation and he is doing so. Very beautiful and inspirational. Tsem Rinpoche
4 months ago
Wow this meditator in his cave in front of a painting of Yamantaka draped with a white khata of respect. He sits among bones to remind him of impermanence and our future. The bones inspire him strongly to let go of all attachments in this life and focus on dharma, meditation and liberation and he is doing so. Very beautiful and inspirational. Tsem Rinpoche
Tenzing Norgay found this in Nepal. Guess what it is?
5 months ago
Tenzing Norgay found this in Nepal. Guess what it is?
Sir Edmund Hillary
5 months ago
Sir Edmund Hillary
Halloween is my favorite holiday. Wild natural plants and flowers are my favorite offering. Buddha\'s teachings on meditation and Yidam practice bring the ultimate results and happiness. ~Tsem Rinpoche
5 months ago
Halloween is my favorite holiday. Wild natural plants and flowers are my favorite offering. Buddha's teachings on meditation and Yidam practice bring the ultimate results and happiness. ~Tsem Rinpoche
Click on "View All Photos" above to view more images

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ASK A PASTOR


Ask the Pastors

A section for you to clarify your Dharma questions with Kechara’s esteemed pastors.

Just post your name and your question below and one of our pastors will provide you with an answer.

Scroll down and click on "View All Questions" to view archived questions.

  • March 28, 2017 09:11
    Lia asked: If the ushnisha is actually supposed to be a bump, then do we change the visualization of the top knot and replace it with a bump covered in hair or do we keep the ushnisha as the thangkas show?
    No reply yet
  • March 27, 2017 04:19
    Dongho asked: I have been reading on the tunes of certain sects and would like to ask on this. From what I've read, there are certain tunes to each sect and school of certain chants. Exactly where can I find the sheet music for these percussion and horns with the chants, such as to the one for invoking Kache Marpo or Dorje Shugden? Would it be possible to use school instruments for this?
    pastor answered: Dear Dongho, Thank you for your question, it is good to see you back and asking more questions. Yes you are right, there are differences in the tunes and chants between the lineages. The differences can vary significantly between the traditions, for example the Gelugpa tradition of Tibetan Buddhism is known for its extremely deep throat singing which is very powerful and is characterised by a low, booming voice, in contrast to the other traditions. Even within a particular tradition, there can be slight variations as to the manner in which the chants and tunes are performed. For example those monasteries are which are affiliated with Gyume will have one way of throat singing, where those affiliated with Gyuto will have another. As far as I am aware there is no professional sheet music for the rituals, most probably because the music is actually an integral part of the ritual itself. Therefore the music, tunes, and chants are all taught at the same time the ritual and prayers are. The tunes, and use of the instruments all have specific meanings, because they are considered to be offerings to the deities in the form of sound. The monasteries would not have copies of sheet music either, because sheet music is western practice. The use of ritual music within Tibetan Buddhism is more of one based on memory. In the Kechara organisation, the puja team was trained in such ritual instruments at the same time they learnt the particular ritual from monks from the monastery, such as the puja of Dorje Shugden. From what I saw of the training, the musical tunes, and use of instruments was not written down but taught experientially at the same time as the chanting. I have not come across any other instruments being used in pujas apart from the traditional ritual instruments, because even the instruments themselves have a specific meaning. That is not say that school instruments cannot be used. This is because, as long as the offering is sincere, the Buddhas and enlightened deities will accept it, and in turn you will generate great amounts of merit. Offerings should be made to the best of our ability, therefore if you do not have access to the ritual instruments, or do not know how to play them, but you know how to play other instruments, and use these instruments as offerings to the Buddhas during pujas, the amount of merit you generate will be the same. This is because you are sincere with your offering. I hope this helps. Thank you.
  • March 26, 2017 02:14
    Kunga asked: Does the Gelug have Begtse a protector? If so, could you please provide a sadhana for him here?
    pastor answered: Dear Kunga, Yes the Dharma protector Begtse exists within the Gelug tradition. He is also known as Chamsing. Begtse’s practice stems from India and was introduced to Tibet and therefore Tibetan Buddhism by the translator Nyen Lotsawa. Marpa Lotsawa also practiced Begtse, and so the practice exists in the Kagyu traditions. This practice was eventually transmitted to Sachen Kunga Nyingpo, the first of the five patriarchs of the Sakya tradition, who were the founding fathers of that tradition. Over time the practice of Begtse was incorporated into the Gelug tradition, founded by Lama Tsongkhapa, and was notably practiced by the 1st and 2nd Dalai Lamas. Over time the practice gained popularity within the lineage, especially when it spread to Mongolia. There the practice became an important one within the lineage as upheld there. Begtse is also affectionately known as the Dharma protector of Mongolia, because his practice is so popular there. If I am not mistaken, there is an oracle of Begtse in Mongolia as well. There is a mistaken account that the practice originated around the time of the 3rd Dalai Lama, with the subjugation of a Mongolian war god, but Begtse was definitely practiced before that time in the Gelug, Kagyu and Sakya traditions. While the practice of Begtse is very effective, I have not come across the practice of Begtse in my personal practice, therefore I do not have access to the Begtse sadhana to provide to you. Instead Begtse is propitiated in prayers that incorporate many other Dharma protectors, and Begtse is also considered one of the nine protectors of the Hayagriva (Tamdrin) cycle of tantric teachings. Therefore Begtse is included in the Dharma protector sections of the Hayagriva tantras. Surrounding Begtse are his sister, Sing Ma, and his main minister, Le Khan Mar Po. His inner retinue comprises of eight butchers who wield copper swords in their right hands and skull-cups full of blood in their left hands. They are portrayed as naked and are very ugly. His outer retinue comprises a further twenty-one butchers, who hold copper swords in their right hands, and this time, the entrails of butchered enemies. They wear the skins humans and oxen as clothes, with ornaments made from human bone. While this may seem violent, Begtse is actually a very powerful and beneficial protector, who helps practitioners clear their obstacles and create conducive conditions for their spiritual evolution. I hope this helps. Thank you.
  • March 24, 2017 20:12
    Azair asked: Venerable Rinpoche, I am doing a study in Kalachakra Tantra and I've heard from most of the lama's too that if you practice the Kalachakra Tantra, you'll be able to take control of your next rebirth. Ofcourse, it has been said that we will get our rebirth according to our Karma and desires but whether those dreams will get fulfilled will depend upon the actions that we take in this life. Thus, practicing the Kalachakra(till the end) after initiation will give you the opportunity to take rebirth anywhere you desire regardless of your Karma. My question is that, is there some truth in this statement.? Does this statement hold true for other tantra practices, such as Vajrayogini Tantra, Ghuyasamaja Tantra, Heruka Tantra, etc. I would really really like to know. Thankyou in anticipation, regards, Azair
    pastor answered: Dear Azair, Thank you for your question. Yes there is truth to this statement, both from a scriptural perspective and also by example, as the great masters have shown us. This is a unique feature of all Anuttarayoga Tantras or Highest Yoga Tantras, which Kalachakra, Vajrayogini, Guhyasama and Heruka are all examples of. This category of tantric practice can actually lead a practitioner to full enlightenment in this very lifetime. Even if enlightenment is not reached, very high levels of attainment can be reached nonetheless. This includes the ability to take control over your next rebirth. This is primarily engaged in so that the practitioner is born in an environment where they can eventually pick up their practice and further their spiritual path to enlightenment, or in order to be born in a place where they can benefit sentient beings the most, as part of the spiritual journey over many lifetimes. One of the reasons such an ability is very necessary on the spiritual path, is that usual death and rebirth occurs at the mercy of ones karma, specifically what is known as the ‘throwing karma’ or the karma that dictates what sort of rebirth a person is going to take. This opens up at the time of ordinary death, which most people have no control over. During the death process, many of our disturbing emotions will arise. Whichever of these is the strongest at the point of death triggers open a latent karmic potential, which becomes the ‘throwing karma’ and dictates where we are going to take rebirth and if that life will generally be full of suffering or not. Within Anuttarayoga Tantra, one of the key points of practice is to prepare for one’s death. This is done by simulating the dying process during one’s meditations, so that one becomes familiar with it. At the most pivotal part of this process, one practices achieving either the rainbow body or great bliss (in the case of the father tantras); or clear light (in the case of mother tantras). The tantras themselves are not defined in terms of the gender of the central deity, but by the method used to gain enlightenment. This is either the rainbow body/great bliss (classified as male, therefore labelled ‘father’) or clear light (classified as female, therefore labelled ‘mother’). Non-dual tantras such as the Kalachakra tantra can employ either of the two methods, a mixture of both, or alternate methods. In the case of superior practitioners, due to the power of their practice, they can achieve either of these two methods in their current body. Since they have familiarised themselves with the dying process, and a particular method of practice, they can also achieve enlightenment during their physical death. The great Lama Tsongkhapa is said to have achieved enlightenment at the moment of physical death, using the second of these. For other practitioners, they may not be able to achieve this either in their meditations while they are alive, or during the death process. However because they have familiarised themselves with the dying process, they remain in complete concentration at the time of death, not allowing any disturbing emotions to arise. Due to this level of concentration, meditation and awareness during the dying process, they are able to control where they next take rebirth. This is evident in the tantric scriptures themselves, and the life stories of many masters, who can state exactly where, when and to whom they will take their next rebirth, as they are in full control of the dying and rebirth process. There is a type of meditation called ‘thukdam’ which has been translated into ‘death meditation’. This is a final meditation some masters choose to engage in. During this meditation, the master themselves consciously begin the physical dying process themselves, engage in the meditation of dissolving the winds into the heart centre and remain in the most pivotal part of the death process, the mind of clear light of death. During this point they engage in meditations, either the methods of the father or mother tantras as mentioned previously, and or consciously choose where they are to next take rebirth. They can remain in this death meditation for long periods of time, days at an end, in which their consciousness has not yet left their body, although for all intents and purposes they are dead according to medical science, e.g. they have no heartbeat. At the end of their meditation, a drop of blood will be emitted from their nostril, and their head will slump over a little. Masters who engage in this meditation usually sit in full meditation posture, and their body remain supple and soft even though they have passed away from a medical point of view. I hope this brief explanation helps. Thank you.
  • March 23, 2017 23:01
    Brad asked: What is the significance of offering the Seven precious emblems of royalty to the Buddhas and enlightened Dharma Protectors? What are we symbolically offering up?
    pastor answered: Dear Brad, Thank you for your question. The ‘saptaratna’ or seven precious emblems represent on the one hand the ultimate state of temporal power, and on the other hand the ultimate spiritual attainments that we can achieve. By offering these to the Buddhas, we are actually creating the causes to achieve what they represent. Therefore it is good to know the meaning of each, so we can understand what we are creating the causes for by offering them up: Please see below for an explanation of the seven royal emblems: 1. The Precious Wheel: a thousand spoked wheel, representing the universal power of the Buddhas, as well as the teachings of the thousand Buddhas of our aeon. It is represented by the Dharmachakra, symbolising the ‘turning of the wheel’ or teaching of the Noble Eightfold Path. It is a symbol of a universal emperor’s spiritual and temporal power. It is also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect mindfulness, especially that of our own mind, thoughts, delusions and afflictions. 2. The Precious Jewel: an eight sided wish-granting gem, which fulfils all the needs of a universal emperor. This jewel has eight special qualities: it illuminates the night sky for hundreds of leagues; it is cooling when the temperature is hot and warming when the temperature is cold; it makes manifest whatever the holder wants; when thirsty it causes a fresh-water spring to appear; it has the ability to control the nagas, and other supernatural beings, as well as preventing natural disasters such as storms, floods, etc.; it gives off multi-coloured lighted which heals the various mental and emotional afflictions; it cures all illnesses; and it ensures that one dies a natural death, not an untimely one. It is a symbol of a universal emperor’s spiritual and temporal power. It is also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect mindfulness, or perfect discrimination, so one knows what to abandon and what to keep in the mindstream during the spiritual journey to enlightenment. 3. The Precious Queen: the most beautiful and virtuous of all women. She is described as a goddess who is the epitome of someone: with devotion; without jealousy; who is the embodiment of fertility; who works for the welfare of all beings; who possess feminine wisdom; speaks the truth; not attract to sensual pleasures or material possessions; and does not have false views. She is adored by all. She also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect effort. This is necessary to keep meditating until one gains spiritual attainments. 4. The Precious Minister: who has sharp intelligence, patience, and the ability to give wise counsel to the emperor. He is so attuned to the emperor that even before the emperor has spoken, the minister is already carrying out his command. He only wishes to support the Dharma, help sentient beings, and is an excellent strategist. He also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect joy. This is also akin to the attainment of the first bodhisattva level, because you have come to an understanding of your own mind, which is like pouring ice-cold water into boiling water. The water stops boiling, as does the thoughts, projections, and delusions in the mind. He represents the path of the bodhisattva. 5. The Precious Elephant: who has the strength of a thousand normal elephants. He is white, with the perfect features that an elephant could have. He is majestic, graceful, and gentle, but in battle is fearsome, fearless and unyielding. He communicates with the emperor through a telepathic link. He represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect adaptability. This is important, as one needs to be able to adapt to the various mental afflictions as they arise, and suitably counter them. 6. The Precious Horse: who has all the marks of a celestial horse. Known as wind-horse, he is able to travel extremely fast, and can circumambulate the entire universe three time in just a single day. He is never fearful or startled, never makes a sound when galloping, and has extremely soft hairs on his body. He represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is single-pointed concentration. This is important because without this form of concentration, once cannot engage in the analytical meditations that lead to an understanding of emptiness, and therefore enlightenment. 7. The Precious General: who has mastered the arts of war and always wins in battle. He wears battle armour and holds many different weapons. He tries to avoid battle, but when necessary fights, and never gives up until he has won. He is fearless, and courageous in carrying out the emperors commands and ensures the emperors army carries out their duties. He represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect equanimity. This is because he overcomes all warfare, which is akin to the battle between things were are attached to and things we have an aversion for in our minds. In short, what you are offering up is the highest of all temporal treasures and abilities, as well as the entire path of the Dharma. Doing so creates the causes for you to receive all of this on your spiritual journey towards enlightenment. I hope this helps. Thank you.
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4 days ago
Kechara Sunday Dharma School students and parents made a day trip to Kechara forest Retreat during school holidays. What a good way to spend a weekend. Stella, KSDS
Kechara Sunday Dharma School students, Kayene and her brother Karlson made a day trip to visit Kechara Forest Retreat with their parents. Stella, KSDS
4 days ago
Kechara Sunday Dharma School students, Kayene and her brother Karlson made a day trip to visit Kechara Forest Retreat with their parents. Stella, KSDS
Lovely visitors in Kechara Forest Retreat, Wisdom Hall
5 days ago
Lovely visitors in Kechara Forest Retreat, Wisdom Hall
Prostration is a practice to show reverence to the Three Jewels. Let the children have this practice at their young age, Alice Tay, KSDS
5 days ago
Prostration is a practice to show reverence to the Three Jewels. Let the children have this practice at their young age, Alice Tay, KSDS
Teacher Stella together with WOAH Camp young participants to check the broken egg. Alice Tay, KSDS
5 days ago
Teacher Stella together with WOAH Camp young participants to check the broken egg. Alice Tay, KSDS
Great to see Dian and Wen Xin tried to do breath meditation slowly. Alice Tay, KSDS
5 days ago
Great to see Dian and Wen Xin tried to do breath meditation slowly. Alice Tay, KSDS
Happy faces of Teacher Irene together with KSDS's youngest age group. Alice Tay, KSDS
5 days ago
Happy faces of Teacher Irene together with KSDS's youngest age group. Alice Tay, KSDS
Most of the KSDS students like drawing and discuss about their drawing. Alice Tay, KSDS
5 days ago
Most of the KSDS students like drawing and discuss about their drawing. Alice Tay, KSDS
The yearly gotong royong event on Malaysia Day. Great day to contribute back to the society. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
The yearly gotong royong event on Malaysia Day. Great day to contribute back to the society. Lin Mun KSDS
KSDS students, parents and teachers participated in food packaging for Kechara Soup Kitchen. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
KSDS students, parents and teachers participated in food packaging for Kechara Soup Kitchen. Lin Mun KSDS
The team is setting up the tent and games for the Halloween party. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
The team is setting up the tent and games for the Halloween party. Lin Mun KSDS
Students of SRJK (C) enjoyed themselves so much during Halloween 2016. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
Students of SRJK (C) enjoyed themselves so much during Halloween 2016. Lin Mun KSDS
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