His Holiness the 101st Gaden Tripa Rinpoche
Gaden Tripa – Gaden throne holder; Gaden Trisur – Gaden ex-throne holder (Emeritus)
It is commonly believed that His Holiness the Dalai Lama is the spiritual leader of the Tibetans. Although His Holiness the Dalai Lama is widely respected, this information is in fact inaccurate. In Tibetan Buddhism, the majority of practitioners are adherents of the Gelug tradition and the supreme spiritual head of this lineage is known as the Gaden Tripa.
The Gaden Tripa is the Throne Holder to the seat of Lama Je Tsongkhapa. Considered the representative of Lama Tsongkhapa on earth, the position of the Gaden Tripa is highly significant due to the degree of influence and prevalence of the Gelug tradition. The very first Gaden Tripa was Gyaltsab Je, one of Lama Tsongkhapa’s two heart sons, who held the throne from 1419 to 1431.
To better understand the magnitude and significance of this position, below are some of the many Gelug monasteries that view His Holiness the Gaden Tripa as their supreme head of their lineage, as well as the approximate number of monks that live in some of them:
- Gaden Monastery (consisting of 3000 monks)
- Drepung Monastery (consisting of 6000 monks)
- Sera Monastery (consisting of 10,000 monks)
- Gyuto Tantric Monastery (consisting of 500 monks)
- Gyumed Tantric Monastery (consisting of 500 monks)
- Tashilhunpo Monastery (consisting of 300 monks)
- Gaden Sumtseling Monastery (consisting of 700 monks)
- Kirti Gompa Monastery (consisting of 600 monks)
- Denma Gonsa Monastery (consisting of 5000 monks)
- Riwo Choling Monastery
- Chatreng Sampheling Monastery
- Domo Geshe Rinpoche’s Monastery
- Chamdo Gaden Jampaling Monastery
- Segyud Monastery
- Samding Monastery
- Rato Dratsang
- Labrang Monastery
- Kumbum Monastery
- Namgyal Monastery
- Dhetsang Monastery
- Amdo Tashikyil Monastery
- Thiksey Monastery
- Alchi Monastery
- Phelgye Ling Monastery
- Kumbum Monastery
The above list consists only of the larger monasteries, and does not take into account the countless smaller Gelug monasteries throughout Tibet that would also view His Holiness the Gaden Tripa as the supreme leader of their lineage. It too does not take into account the millions of Tibetan Gelug practitioners throughout Tibet who would fold their hands to the Gaden Tripa and follow his every word.
What is unique about the position of the Gaden Tripa is that it is an appointed office, and not a reincarnation lineage. This means the office is highly meritocratic, and appointment to the role is not reliant on birth, position or rank. It is instead reliant on study, practice, the holding of vows and therefore the level of respect a practitioner gains as a result of doing all of this perfectly. Thus anybody, even an ordinary monk, can ascend to the throne of the Gaden Tripa and through the power of his practice, become able to influence millions of scholars and practitioners on the Buddhist path.
The position of Gaden Tripa is held for only a seven-year term. Thus there have been many more Gaden Tripas than Dalai Lamas to date (102 against 14). The most recently retired Gaden Tripa is His Holiness Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal, who was the 101st Gaden Tripa.
Learn more about the Gaden Tripa system and the 101st Gaden Tripa:
Witness the respect the Gaden Tripa receives among the Sangha community of Tibetan Buddhism
Biography of His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal Rinpoche
His Holiness Gaden Trisur Lungrik Namgyal Rinpoche, the 101st Gaden Tripa, was born in 1927 in the Dawa region of Eastern Tibet. At the age of 8 years old, His Holiness joined the local monastery in Yangding and was consequently ordained as a monk.
Later His Holiness entered Gaden Shartse Norling College. While a student there Rinpoche studied Pramana Vidya (Logic), Prajnaparamita (Perfection of Wisdom), Madhyamika (Middle Way Philosophy), under the guidance of various highly attained Masters, and also received many precious teachings and empowerments of the pure Gaden lineage.
During the Chinese revolution in 1959, Rinpoche escaped to India. Arriving at Buxa along the border of India and Bhutan, he continued his studies and completed the Madhyamika (Middle Way Philosophy), Abhidharma (Treasury of Knowledge), and Vinaya (Spiritual Rules and Moral Law). Apart from the normal course of studies, Rinpoche often went for meditation retreats. In 1969, Rinpoche revised through the five major treaties of Buddhist philosophy and participated in the final exam at a renowned local Tibetan University, graduating in the 1st position of honor.
In 1970, a major debate exam which lasted over a period of 20 days was held. Candidates included over 30 outstanding scholars from the 3 great monasteries and other universities. Rinpoche still managed to emerge on top and the title of Geshe Lharampa was officially conferred upon him. Consequently, Rinpoche joined the Gyuto Tantric University and focused on intensive study of the Tantras.
In 1983 and 1992, the Dalai Lama appointed Rinpoche as the abbot of Gyuto Tantric University and abbot of Gaden Shartse Norling Monastery respectively. During the years of Rinpoche’s abbotship, apart from supervising the administration and discipline of the Sangha, he also conducted various pujas and teachings personally. Rinpoche’s contribution towards the monastery is widely recognised, and deeply respected by all. In 1986, these remarkable qualities inspired the Dalai Lama to choose him as the representative of Buddhism in Ecumenical Encounters of Assisi interfaith meetings convened on the initiative of Pope John Paul II in Italy.
In 1995, Rinpoche was bestowed the honorary rank of Shartse Choje (2nd rank among dignitaries of the Gelug tradition). After 6 years in that position, on January 20, 2003, the Dalai Lama, during his Kalachakra Empowerment in Bodhgaya, announced the appointment of Venerable Lungrik Namgyal as the 101st Gaden Tripa – the supreme head of the Gelug tradition, and literally, the Holder of the Throne of Tushita.
Rinpoche is one of the most qualified Buddhist teachers alive today – being highly trained in both fields of Sutra and Tantra. Rinpoche has dedicated his whole lifetime to the propagation of the Buddhadharma, and has been tirelessly visiting many parts of the world to spread the Teachings. Countries which Rinpoche has visited include – France, Spain, Switzerland, Italy, America, China, Taiwan and Singapore. His Holiness Trisur Rinpoche currently lives in Paris, where he transmits precious Buddhist teachings of his lineage in Thar Due Ling Dharma center in Chelles, France which he founded in 1980.
His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche and Dorje Shugden
In 2010, His Holiness the 101st Gaden Tripa successfully completed his term of office as the Gaden Throne-holder without blemish. After stepping down, he came to hold the title of His Holiness the Gaden Trisur, ‘Trisur’ meaning ‘Tripa Emeritus’. His Holiness the 101st Gaden Trisur primarily resides in France, but also has his private household and office (known as a Ladrang) in Karnataka, India, Kathmandu, Nepal and Yangding, Tibet.
His Holiness the Gaden Trisur studied for and received his Geshe degree in Gaden Shartse Monastery. During his time there, His Holiness was a member of Dokhang Khangtsen*. Gaden Shartse was home to 1000 monks who were intensely dedicated to the pursuit and realization of Je Tsongkhapa’s tradition. In this community, Geshe Lungrik Namgyal (as he was known before ascending to the Gaden throne) achieved renown as a pure monk who held his vows well. He also gained a reputation for being an erudite scholar, direct in his speech and no-nonsense in his attitude – yes is yes, and no is no, and although His Holiness manifests a strict demeanour, he is also known to be incredibly kind.
Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal Rinpoche taking the throne for the first time as Gaden Tripa in Gaden Lachi (the main prayer hall of Gaden Monastery)
Later, when Geshe Lungrik Namgyal was selected by the Dalai Lama to become the Gaden Tripa, he devoted himself to promoting Gelug lineage as a living example of Tsongkhapa’s teachings. Those who are aware of his works and deeds will find it impossible to utter a single negativity about him, since His Holiness never once gave cause for criticism or doubt to be directed against him. He is truly a person who showed by example that by focusing on one’s practice, an ordinary being can become extraordinary.
As the Gaden Tripa, this monk of stainless repute never journeyed back to Gaden Shartse Monastery to swear in or take an oath that he gave up Dorje Shugden. Upon the completion of his term as the Gaden Tripa, in January 2010, His Holiness officially left Gaden Shartse Monastery. He joined Shar Gaden Monastery immediately, in a move echoing those of other elite lamas such as His Holiness Kyabje Trijang Chocktrul Rinpoche and His Eminence Domo Geshe Rinpoche.
His Holiness the Gaden Trisur’s departure from Gaden Shartse was a surprising development as His Holiness is a very senior Lama within the Gelug hierarchy. Being a former and living throne-holder of the Gelug lineage, His Holiness even ranks above the current Gaden Tripa since he is senior in order of ascension.
His Holiness the Gaden Trisur’s actions demonstrate that, contrary to the claims of the Tibetan leadership, not ALL lamas and ALL Gaden Tripas are in agreement with the ban on Dorje Shugden. They in fact demonstrate that His Holiness is an unwavering practitioner of Lama Tsongkhapa’s tradition, which includes the practice of Dorje Shugden. Having represented Lama Tsongkhapa on earth for seven years, His Holiness’ decisions – whether about Dorje Shugden or otherwise – can be trusted since he firmly believes that simply because something is a rule, does not mean it has to be followed unless it brings benefit and it arises from logic. Otherwise, it has been reported, His Holiness will not hesitate to speak up if necessary.
Some may ask why His Holiness did not reveal his practice during his tenure as the Gaden Tripa. In fact, His Holiness had all along not been happy with the Dorje Shugden ban but did not speak against it. Realising the preciousness of his position, he refused to act in a manner that would stain the reputation of the office he held. Thus he waited until he became an ‘ordinary’ monk again, before making his practice known so that any attacks would be personal to him, and not to the position. Actions like these make it clear to us that His Holiness is without ego, valuing Dharma above politics, and it is clear this attitude has influenced his most loyal and closest students.
Because His Holiness joined Shar Gaden Monastery, his private household and office (Ladrang) joined too. This Ladrang is located in Gaden Shartse, and conveniently borders Shar Gaden Monastery, with just one wall separating the two locations. When Shar Gaden Monastery held a series of teachings in 2009/2010, all of Trisur Ladrang’s students attend although they had not yet joined Shar Gaden.
During the time of His Holiness’ departure from Gaden Shartse, his assistant was sent to speak with the current Gaden Shartse abbot to inform him that His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche was leaving Gaden Shartse Monastery to join Shar Gaden. It was exactly what happened with Trijang Rinpoche and his Ladrang in Gaden. Thus as of 2015, two influential and significant Ladrangs from Gaden Shartse have left to join Shar Gaden.
Although His Holiness the Gaden Trisur has left Gaden Shartse, his throne will remain in Shartse just like Trijang Rinpoche’s throne for should the throne be removed, then Gaden Shartse’s link with these high lamas will be severed. His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche was the student of the previous Kyabje Trijang Dorje Chang whom he remains totally devoted to. His Holiness the Gaden Trisur is also very devoted to his Dorje Shugden practice and has never abandoned it. He is an erudite master and scholar. Some people may say, “Oh, many of the high Gelugpa lamas have given up the practice of Dorje Shugden” but I disagree. Many of the high Gelugpa lamas have not given up Dorje Shugden; if they have not been practising openly, then they have been practising secretly and now more and more are coming out to practise openly. There are high-ranking lamas who will stand up for what they believe. With time, more and more monks will join Shar Gaden Monastery because they remain loyal to their lineage, lamas, and practices.
His Holiness the Gaden Trisur gives us strength, inspiration and much-needed courage to stand up and say there is nothing wrong with Dorje Shugden’s practice and we will continue on. From the bottom of my heart and the depths of my being, I fold my hands and place my head on His Holiness the Gaden Trisur’s lotus feet that he will remain for a long time with us, bless us and continuously bestow teachings as he is Lama Tsongkhapa on earth.
*khangtsen – fraternity houses in the monastery, categorized by regions in Tibet for administrative purposes
A regular sight at His Holiness’s teachings, which saw packed auditoriums and halls waiting to receive his blessings and wisdom. This photograph was taken in Taiwan, where thousands of people attend His Holiness’s teachings
Scene of His Holiness’s teachings in Singapore
His Holiness the Gaden Tripa being escorted into the hall to a long-life puja being conducted in his honor
His Holiness Kyabje Ling Chocktrul Rinpoche offering a khata to His Holiness Gaden Tripa Lungrik Namgyal Rinpoche in Gaden Lachi shortly after Venerable Lungrik Namgyal was bestowed the title of Gaden Tripa
His Holiness Gaden Tripa Lungrik Namgyal (right) with Lama Jampa Ngodup Wangchuk, a well-known Dorje Shugden practitioner
His Holiness Gaden Tripa Lungrik Namgyal (right) with His Holiness the Panchen Lama
His Holiness Gaden Tripa Lungrik Namgyal (right) in France, on his way to a long-life puja being offered to him by the then-Abbot of Shar Gaden Monastery Kensur Lobsang Phende
Additional information about His Holiness the 101st Gaden Trisur Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal Rinpoche:
- He is a ‘no nonsense’ lama. Yes is yes, and no is no.
- He is very direct, open and straightforward.
- He is staunchly loyal towards H.H. Trijang Rinpoche.
- He will not go along with the rules just because they are rules. He will think about it and speak up if necessary.
- He looks strict, but actually he is direct.
- He was unhappy with the Dorje Shugden ban, but kept quiet all this time, and refused to go to swear in at Gaden Shartse Monastery. He wanted to speak out, but he thought about the sanctified position of Gaden Tripa, so he thought it would be better for him to finish his term, and speak up when he was an ‘ordinary’ monk again with no position. Then, if anyone ‘attacked’ him, it would just involve him as an individual, and no harm would come to the position and create undue and unnecessary problems for the Gelugpas on the whole.
- Gaden Trisur Rinpoche has a large ladrang with land in Gaden Shartse Monastery; it conveniently borders with Shar Gaden Monastery. His ladrang is right next door to Shar Gaden, separated by one wall only. When Shar Gaden Monastery had a series of teachings (in 2009 / 2010), all of Trisur Ladrang’s students attended.
- Gaden Trisur Rinpoche is also raising funds and spending his own funds to improve and offer needed items to his provincial monastery in Yangding Tibet. He has recently sent a large set of Tsongkhapa images from Nepal to Yangding.
- Gaden Trisur Rinpoche hails from Dokhang Khangtsen of Gaden Shartse Monastery, but he had kept his Dorje Shugden practice quiet.
His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal who was the 101st Throne Holder of Tsongkapa gives us so much strength, hope and inspiration. We thank H.H. Gaden Trisur Rinpoche from the bottom of our hearts. With tears streaming down my face as I type this to everyone here. H.H. Gaden Trisur Rinpoche’s assistant said that he went to meet Gaden Shartse’s current abbot and told the abbot that their province in Tibet, their lamas, their lineage, their monasteries in Tibet all practise Dorje Shugden and that they would not be able to give up the practice.
H.H. Gaden Trisur Rinpoche could not give up the practice of Dorje Shugden, he had completed his 7 year term of office as Gaden Tripa and now he is a Trisur, he had resigned from Gaden Shartse Monastery and joined Shar Gaden Monastery to continue to practise Dorje Shugden freely.
A blessed letter bestowed upon me
by His Holiness the 101st Gaden Trisur Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal
(February 13, 2008)
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche, from the Monastic Seat of Gaden Shartse, is an exceptional master who has intentionally taken birth for a noble mission. To take upon himself the responsibility of upholding the pristine and golden dual sutra and tantra Legacy of Manjunatha Tsongkhapa, who re-discovered the wide and ancient pathway shown by the historical Buddha, Tsem Rinpoche sought ordination into Buddhism at his personal initiative, and progressed along his training strictly according to the Vinaya.
At Gaden Monastic Seat, he also studied the Abhidharma and Sutra Pitaka. He has diligently put into practice whatever he has learned. Particularly noteworthy about Rinpoche is that he has engaged in aspects of generosity practice, such as offerings to the Buddha and the Sangha members, that are truly noteworthy and impressive.
Among his many endeavors, Rinpoche is currently involved in the challenging task of building an exceptional image of Manjunatha Je Tsongkhapa rising to 108 feet in height. Such an undertaking demands immense effort, forbearance and perseverance. I would like to recommend that this worthy project deserves the whole-hearted support of the benefactors of the Dharma. With my heartfelt prayers that this endeavor of Tsem Tulku Rinpoche will be fully realized.
101st Successor to the Throne of Gaden
February 13, 2008
Gaden Trisur Rinpoche, Zong Rinpoche and myself in Gaden Monastery doing puja together
His Holiness the 101st Gaden Trisur Rinpoche wrote a foreword for my book “Compassion Conquers All”
(Admin) The book has since been repackaged (2014) and can be purchased here:
Addendum (April 7, 2017)
His Holiness the 101st Gaden Tripa of Gaden Shartse Monastery, Trisur Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal is doing well and 90 years old. His Holiness Trisur Lungrik Namgyal is a powerful master of sutra, tantra and lifelong practitioner of Dorje Shugden. He spent his whole life in learning, practising and disseminating the Dharma tirelessly. During his seven-year term as Gaden Tripa (or head of the Gelugpas) and throne holder to Je Tsongkhapa, he was very successful and loved during his tenure. Currently residing in France and visited by many from around the world and dignitary monks from Tibet, he regularly grants blessings.
When the ban against Dorje Shugden arose from the Tibetan leadership, His Holiness Trisur Lungrik Namgyal was the highest reigning lama of the Gelugpas and he never gave up his practice of Dorje Shugden or compromised his samaya (vow) to his guru to keep practising Dorje Shugden. He was very firm on his practice which inspired hundreds of thousands of Dorje Shugden practitioners around the world and in Tibet. The Tibetan leadership approached him many times to abandon the practice of Dorje Shugden, but he would not. It made the Tibetan leadership look wrong in their false political propaganda against Dorje Shugden when such a high, learned and powerful lama continued to practice Dorje Shugden.
The Tibetan leadership likes to say Dorje Shugden is harmful and all the high lamas have abandoned him and if you practice Dorje Shugden, you will lose your refuge vows and bad things will happen to you. The Tibetan leadership likes to use fear tactics to make you abandon your faith (and some have fallen for it) and they can resort to threats, shunning, alienation and segregation to achieve this. But many still hold firm to Dorje Shugden. Here you have the most senior and highest lama of the Gelugpas and a throne holder of Je Tsongkhapa’s lineage practising Dorje Shugden, healthy and vibrant; it totally contradicts what the Tibetan leadership say about Dorje Shugden.
His Holiness the 101st Gaden Tripa would not budge and continued his practice of Dorje Shugden till today at 90 years old and he is healthy, vibrant and fine. He, through his example, shows us that Dorje Shugden practice harms no one and does no damage and in fact blesses us very much. His Holiness the 101st Gaden Tripa Jetsun Lungrik Namygal of Gaden Shartse Monastery proves this point clearly. He is very saintly, learned and high in his attainments according to those who have met him. Surely such a saintly elderly lama will have the wisdom and learning to see if Dorje Shugden is harmful or not? Obviously he has examined Dorje Shugden and clearly tells us Dorje Shugden is in fact Manjushri and very blessed, and therefore continuing his own practice of Dorje Shugden.
His Holiness the 101st Gaden Tripa Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal (now ‘Trisur’ meaning ’emeritus’) practising Dorje Shugden disproved the wrong claims of the Tibetan leadership. He sat on the throne of Lord Tsongkhapa and was the throne holder of Tsongkhapa’s throne disseminating the pure golden elixir-like Dharma of Je Tsongkhapa. Since the passing of Je Tsongkhapa over 600 years ago, there has been one person to successively represent Tsongkhapa and be the throne holder of the Gelug school of Buddhism. It is said it takes much merits to sit on the throne of Lord Tsongkhapa and represent Tsongkhapa Himself. If a person was not a sincere practitioner, had broken samaya and or was not meritorious enough, when his turn came to sit on the throne of Tsongkhapa to be enthroned as Gaden Tripa he would pass away to take rebirth in a better place to continue to practice. Or if enthroned, he would not survive the full term or during his seven-year term as Gaden Tripa, he will be seriously ill and unable to fulfil his duties, pass away or could step down. This is what the senior monks in Gaden, Sera and Drepung monasteries would share in their experience. By turn, people can sometimes ascend the throne of Tsongkhapa, but only by merit can you remain on the throne successfully according to the senior learned geshes.
No ordinary being can sit on such a illustrious throne and represent Je Tsongkhapa the King of Dharma easily and remain on it. The reason is the person sitting on the very throne of Lord Tsongkhapa cannot be an ordinary person or a person who is not saintly or well-practised in the Dharma. Being scholarly is not enough, you need to have practised Dharma very deeply then you will be ‘fit’ to represent someone as great as Je Tsongkhapa naturally. Therefore if the person ascended the throne by rank or turn, if he was not saintly, well-practised or attained, it would be difficult for him to remain on this very sacred throne to the end of his term. He would not have enough merits to remain on the throne and therefore disease or passing would manifest to allow the space for the next person who is more qualified to ascend the throne rightfully or they can step down in which sometimes the disease will get well. I know it sounds strange, but the senior monks very learned have said this many times to me when I was younger in Gaden Monastery.
You see, a powerful Gaden Tripa should be very well-practised in Tantra to have the abilities to keep his body fit, healthy and well, it is believed. After all tantra teaches the meditation on the winds, channels, drops and chakras that can heal one’s body if done well. In fact meditation on those will confer higher and lower siddhis as well as supreme enlightenment. In the Heruka, Guyasamaja, Yamantaka practices by Lord Tsongkhapa as well as Vajrayogini, it explains clearly on the meditations on the various places on our body to gain control over it, control one’s death, consciousness and as a byproduct, heal one’s diseases if need be. A Gaden Tripa would certainly be able to do that to prove the power and efficacy of tantra, the lineage of Tsongkhapa and his own practice. If a Gaden Tripa cannot show his body to be strong and well even at an advanced age, then he would not be a good representative of the holy teachings of tantra by Buddha Vajradhara it is believed, and therefore not a person who should represent Tsongkhapa sitting on his throne.
After all we all go to Gaden Tripa to ask him to bless our bodies to heal from diseases or practices to extend our own lives. Yes, people get old, get sick and die. But a Gaden Tripa should not be ordinary or why practice a Dharma that grants nothing? The tantras do have power and a good practitioner will have control over their bodies for sure. If you cannot control your body, which is relatively simpler than enlightenment, how to gain higher attainments? There have been many cases of great practitioners of tantra that extended their lives or kept their illnesses at bay or healed and even at death, their bodies do not immediately decompose. This is the logic behind it. (The 102nd Gaden Trisur Rizong Rinpoche was a life long Dorje Shugden practitioner too. He has gone underground with his practice of Dorje Shugden and has never spoken one single negative word against Dorje Shugden during his successful seven-year tenure as Gaden throne holder. He is alive and well now at 89 years of age, and from Ladakh also.)
We are happy and joyous that after seven years as Gaden Tripa, the throne holder of Je Tsongkhapa, Trisur Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal successfully retired and joined Shar Gaden Monastery (Dorje Shugden’s monastery in South in India). Not only did he finish his tenure as Gaden Tripa very successfully, but he is very well and robust these days. Dorje Shugden practice does no harm but blesses as this Gaden Tripa has proven to us. It is said in Dorje Shugden practice that those who cultivate the kind heart, keep their samaya with their guru well and benefit others, Dorje Shugden will hold them close, bless and protect them to be more successful in their works. Dorje Shugden is very pleased if you put your heart one hundred percent into the Dharma releasing you from samsara. Dorje Shugden will assist those sincerely practising Dharma and that is why he is labelled a Dharma protector. He protects you on the path of your Dharma. It is obviously true in the case of this 101st Gaden Tripa living in France. It is also true for the hundreds of thousands of Dorje Shugden practitioners for the last 400 years. You see, when you practice Dorje Shugden for spiritual reasons, he will bless you to help you become more successful in your practice because his job is to assist you to be released from samsara. He has vowed to do so.
His Holiness is very well and we are blessed to even see this picture of the 101st Gaden Trisur Rinpoche Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal the throne holder of Je Tsongkhapa. May He live for many more years. May all beings who cultivate the Three Principle Paths, Lam Rim, Lojong, compassion and sunyata be always blessed by Lord Tsongkhapa in His many forms and emanations. May all beings who sincerely engage in the Dharma achieve the final result of full enlightenment as demonstrated by the King of Sages, Shakyamuni Buddha in Bodhgaya 2,500 years ago.
Bowing to His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche Jetsun Lungrik Namygal lak,
Tsem Tulku Rinpoche
For more interesting information and links:
- The Tsongkhapa category on my blog
- The Dorje Shugden category on my blog
- High Lama Images (Free Download)
- Exciting information on Tsongkapa!
- 15 Thangkas of Lama Tsongkhapa’s Life Story
- TRANSCRIPT: TSONGKHAPA explained
- Photo Album: Malaysia – Journey To Gaden
- Main Assistants of the Dharma King
- Ganden Sumtseling Monastery the beautiful
- Tsongkhapa Quotes by Great Lamas
- Making Offerings Shar Gaden Monastery
- Visiting His Holiness Trijang Chocktrul Rinpoche in Vermont
- Tsongkapa’s daily practice (video commentary)
- I will not be pulled into conflict
- Assisting Khensur Rinpoche Jetsun Lobsang Phende
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