Agvan Dorjiev: The Diplomat Monk

By | Aug 17, 2016 | Views: 425
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Agvan Dorjiev

Agvan Dorjiev

The idea for this article came about when my teacher, His Eminence the 25th Tsem Rinpoche, mentioned Agvan Dorjiev during a conversation. Through my research, I realised that he had an interesting life. Although he was not Tibetan by birth, he served as the attendant and confidant of the 13th Dalai Lama. In addition, he played an important diplomatic role in developing and strengthening the relationship between Russia and Tibet. Unfortunately, his political role and his Russian influence over Tibet were exaggerated and eventually provoked the British invasion of Tibet in December 1903.

Although he was not successful in securing the Russian Imperial family’s backing to protect Tibet from British invasion, Agvan Dorjiev was able to obtain their support to build the first Tibetan Buddhist temple in St. Petersburg and various monasteries in Kalmykia and Buryatia.

His life became challenging after the Bolshevik Communist Revolution. Although initially he was able to ensure that Buddhism co-existed peacefully with Communism in the 1920s, he did not survive Joseph Stalin’s ‘great purge’.

Regardless of what people said about him during his lifetime, I found it remarkable that he managed to be the confidant of the 13th Dalai Lama despite his foreign background. Equally fascinating to me also were his ability to secure the Russian Empire’s support to build monasteries and eventually a Buddhist temple in St. Petersburg. It is a pleasure to be able to write about this complex character, who was highly praised though his motivation was often under suspicion.

Valentina Suhendra

 


 

Early Life and Education

Agvan Dorjiev was born in Baikal, Siberia in 1854 to a devout Buddhist family. He was part of the Buryat Mongol ethnic group which had been incorporated into Russian Empire in the 18th Century.

The 8th Khalkha Jetsundampa Khutuktu Ngawang Lobsang Chokyi Nyima

The 8th Khalkha Jetsundampa Khutuktu Ngawang Lobsang Chokyi Nyima

When he was 19 years old, Agvan Dorjiev travelled as part of the entourage that accompanied the 8th Khalkha Jetsundampa Khutuktu Ngawang Lobsang Chokyi Nyima, Mongolia’s highest ranking Lama, to Tibet. After he arrived in Lhasa, Agvan Dorjiev enrolled himself at Drepung Gomang Monastic College. Unfortunately, two years later, his monastic study was temporarily halted due to Tibet’s policy that prohibited foreigners from living in Tibet.

Agvan Dorjiev then travelled back to Urga (present day Ulaanbaatar) in Mongolia where he took ordination vows from his teacher and mentor, Pelden Chopel Pelzangpo. After that, Agvan Dorjiev travelled to study at Wu Tai Shan, also known as Five-Peaked Mountain, in China where he received empowerments and teachings from several teachers. One of his teachers, Dzasak Rinpoche made arrangements for Agvan Dorjiev to return to Lhasa together with Jadrel Rinpoche, which may be another name for Pelden Chopel Pelzangpo.

Wu Tai Shan – the Five-Peaked Mountain

Wu Tai Shan – the Five-Peaked Mountain

In 1880, Agvan Dorjiev arrived in Tibet and made considerable contributions to the monasteries in Lhasa and Tashi Lunpo in Shigatse, which helped him to circumvent the previous regulations that prevented him from staying in Tibet. Agvan Dorjiev resumed his studies at Drepung Gomang Monastic College and due to his contributions, he was exempted from the manual labour work of an ordinary monk. He successfully obtained his Geshe Lharampa degree after only eight years of study compared to the average 18 years, which is a reflection of his intelligence.

Drepung Monastery in Tibet

Drepung Monastery in Tibet

 

Attendant to the Dalai Lama and Diplomatic Role

In the late 19th Century, the power of the Qing Dynasty in China was declining and British India was expanding their influence to Tibet’s neighbouring countries, Nepal and Sikkim. At the same time, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia wanted to expand his influence in Asia to rival that of Britain.

Tsar Nicholas II

Tsar Nicholas II

Tibet had an adverse opinion to British influence. This began in the early 1800s when Britain seized Sikkim, a region that previously paid tax to Tibet, and put Sikkim under Nepal’s authority. In addition, Britain deliberately caused conflicts in the border regions between Tibet, India and Sikkim in order to coerce China to sign an agreement that would allow them to trade with Tibet. Britain’s political manoeuvring in the region created fear among the Tibetans that one day, Britain would seize their country too and destroy their culture.

Through one of his teachers, the 3rd Purchok Jampa Gyatso, who was the personal teacher of the 13th Dalai Lama, Agvan Dorjiev was able to secure the position of assistant tutor and debate partner of the young Dalai Lama. It was in these roles that Agvan Dorjiev was able to gain the confidence of the 13th Dalai Lama and used this to paint the Russian Empire in a favourable light.

The 13th Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso

The 13th Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso

Agvan Dorjiev managed to convince the 13th Dalai Lama that the Russian Empire would be interested and able to protect Tibet from a potential British invasion. In 1898, Agvan Dorjiev visited Russia as the Dalai Lama’s representative. He returned two years later in the summer of 1900 with six other Tibetan representatives. This visit was repeated again in 1901, when Agvan Dorjiev and the other Tibetan representatives managed to meet with Tsar Nicholas II, Russia’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of Finance in St. Petersburg. Although Tsar Nicholas II and his ministers were friendly to the Tibetan emissaries, Agvan Dorjiev was not successful in securing Russia’s commitment to protect Tibet from any British invasion.

Unfortunately, the intention and the success of these visits would be exaggerated and consequently, Britain was provoked to invade Tibet. Considering that Agvan Dorjiev was born in the Russian Empire, the British assumed that Agvan Dorjiev was acting to advance Russia’s interests in Tibet. The British used the information from various sources to justify their invasion of Tibet.

 

Russian Publications on Agvan Dorjiev’s Visit to Russia

Dr Peter Badmaev

Dr Peter Badmaev

Perhaps if Agvan Dorjiev’s visit to Russia was not widely publicised, the British would not have felt threatened and therefore would not have been provoked to invade Tibet. Russian newspapers however, wrote about these visits. The Tsarist official Dr Peter Badmaev, who happened to be a Buryat himself, made sure that these visits were widely publicised and that Agvan Dorjiev’s roles were discussed extensively.

 

Ekai Kawaguchi

Ekai Kawaguchi

Ekai Kawaguchi’s Accounts on Agvan Dorjiev’s Role in Tibet

In addition to Russian publications, the British obtained information about Agvan Dorjiev from an unlikely source, the Japanese monk Ekai Kawaguchi. Ekai Kawaguchi visited Tibet and reported Agvan Dorjiev’s activities to Sarat Chandra Das (1849 – 1917), a British agent. Kawaguchi made specific allegations against Agvan Dorjiev including:

  • Fueling pro-Russian sentiments in Tibet by depicting Russia as Shambhala, the mythical kingdom associated with the Kalachakra Tantra
  • Creating an arsenal in Lhasa. In addition, Kawaguchi reported that Agvan Dorjiev held the position of Minister of War in Tibet.

Ekai Kawaguchi also went the extra mile to visit Nepal where he met with Nepal’s Prime Minister, Chandra Shamsher. There he reported his perception of Agvan Dorjiev’s influence over the 13th Dalai Lama. Nepal used Ekai Kawaguchi’s accounts about Agvan Dorjiev to justify their asking for British military action in Tibet.

 

Colonel Younghusband’s Expedition to Tibet

Expedition Leader Colonel Francis Younghusband (centre) with other officers in 1903

Expedition Leader Colonel Francis Younghusband (centre) with other officers in 1903

The exaggerated perception surrounding Agvan Dorjiev’s visits to Russia, his presumed role as a ‘Russian agent’ and pro-Russian sentiment in Tibet caused considerable concern among British officials in India. As a result, the Viceroy of India, George Nathaniel Curzon decided to assign Colonel Francis Younghusband to lead an armed mission to Tibet and secure an advantageous trade agreement for Britain. Although the Younghusband Expedition was based on rumours about Agvan Dorjiev’s role in advancing Russian interests in Tibet, Curzon and Younghusband manipulated the British Cabinet’s opinion in order to obtain the necessary support for the expedition. Curzon famously told Younghusband,

“Remember that in the eyes of HMG [Her Majesty’s Government], we are advancing not because of Dorjiev, or Russian riffles in Lhasa, but because our convention has been shamelessly violated, our frontier trespassed upon, our subjects arrested, our mission flouted, our representations ignored.”

During his advances in Tibet, Colonel Younghusband faced opposition from the Tibetans. Due to their lack of experience and outdated weapons however, the Tibetans were not an equal match against the well-equipped British soldiers. The battle resulted in relatively low casualties on the British side – 202 lost their lives in battle, while 411 lost their lives to injury or illness. There were, on the other hand, significant losses for the Tibetan side – between 2,000 to 3,000 Tibetans lost their lives during battle or were fatally wounded in the war effort.

British army firing at Tibetans

British army firing at Tibetans

And so it was a heavily-armed Younghusband Expedition that entered Tibet in 1903. Agvan Dorjiev advised the Tibetans to avoid battle with the British Expedition as the Tibetan army and soldiers were no match against the organised and more experienced British army. However, Agvan Dorjiev’s advice fell on deaf ears. It was not well-received by the Tibetan government and powerful factions in Lhasa who had the patriotic interest to defend their country. Eventually, Colonel Younghusband and his troops arrived in Lhasa in August 1904.

To his dismay, Younghusband found out that the 13th Dalai Lama and Agvan Dorjiev had left Lhasa for Urga, and therefore he had difficulties finding someone to sign the treaty to conclude the war. The Dalai Lama requested for Russian support to fight against the British. Unfortunately, Russia was focused in a war with Japan in 1904-1905. Therefore, the 13th Dalai Lama’s request for Russian assistance was not fulfilled.

Another illustration of Colonel Younghusband’s Tibet campaign

Another illustration of Colonel Younghusband’s Tibet campaign

Finally, Younghusband managed to coerce the Regent, Gaden Tri Rinpoche, and the Tsongdu (Tibetan National Assembly) into signing the Treaty of Lhasa containing the following terms:

  • Allowance for British trade in Tibet
  • Recognition of the Sikkim-Tibet border
  • Payment of 7.5 million rupees in indemnity (to be paid in yearly installments for 75 years) and the Chumbi Valley, which would only be returned to Tibet when the indemnity had been paid in full
  • Restriction for Tibet to build relationships with other nations except with Britain

Later, Qing officials from China canceled this treaty and signed an Anglo-Chinese treaty on April 27, 1906 with Britain, known as the Convention Between Great Britain and China Respecting Tibet. In this treaty, the British recognised Chinese authority over Tibet. The Acting Viceroy, Lord Ampthill reduced the 7.5 million rupees compensation by two-thirds. In return, China agreed not to let other foreign influences interfere with the Tibetan administration.

Realising that his effort to secure foreign support to help Tibet was not bearing fruit, the 13th Dalai Lama left Mongolia for Kumbum Monastery in Amdo in the second half of 1906.

On August 31, 1907, Russia and Britain signed the Anglo-Russian Entente, a treaty that put an end to their rivalry in Central Asia and recognised China’s authority over Tibet. This treaty ended Agvan Dorjiev’s diplomatic endeavours to align Tibet closer to Russia.

Emperor Guangxu and Empress Dowager Cixi

Emperor Guangxu and Empress Dowager Cixi

In February 1908, the 13th Dalai Lama and Agvan Dorjiev traveled to Wu Tai Shan where they met various foreign diplomats from Britain, America and Russia in order to gain support against the oppressive Qing rule of Tibet. Although they were unsuccessful, the 13th Dalai Lama developed an appreciation for international politics. At this point, Tibet’s adverse opinion against Britain had lessened and the leaders began to consider enlisting British support in protecting Tibet against Chinese influence.

The Dalai Lama and Agvan Dorjiev continued to travel to Beijing where they met with Empress Dowager Cixi and Emperor Guang Xu, who would both die within one day of each other in November 1908. In December 1908, the Dalai Lama returned to Lhasa and Agvan Dorjiev left for St. Petersburg.

 

Establishing Buddhism in Kalmykia and Buryatia

After his third visit to Russia, Agvan Dorjiev visited Kalmykia and Buryatia for two years to establish Buddhism there. During this visit, he met with a gifted student, Ngawang Wangyal. Agvan Dorjiev helped Ngawang Wangyal to go to Tibet and study at Drepung Gomang Monastery where he obtained his Geshe degree. Geshe Ngawang Wangyal would later play a vital role in bringing Tibetan Buddhism to the United States in the 1950s.

Geshe Ngawang Wangyal

Geshe Ngawang Wangyal

During his stay in Buryatia and Kalmykia, Agvan Dorjiev followed the advice of both the 13th Dalai Lama and his teacher, Purchok Jampa Gyatso. He spread the Buddhadharma by establishing monasteries, ordaining monks and bestowing tantric empowerments. Agvan Dorjiev’s effort was not without opposition from influential local priests who were afraid that Agvan Dorjiev would override their authority. Fortunately for Agvan Dorjiev, he received the backing of Tsar Nicholas II.

Not all Agvan Dorjiev’s projects however, were supported by the Imperial Romanov family. He began a project with his friends, Bazar Baradiin, a philologist and Zhamtsarano, a professor at St. Petersburg University which was aimed at creating a Buryat alphabet in order to preserve Buryat culture. This was not supported by the Russian government and his partner Zhamtsarano was also exiled to Mongolia. This project was therefore left incomplete.

Building committee of Datsan Gunzechoinei

Building committee of Datsan Gunzechoinei

In 1905, Agvan Dorjiev managed to gain approval from Russian authorities to build Datsan Gunzechoinei, a Buddhist temple in the city of St. Petersburg. The establishment of the temple was funded by Agvan Dorjiev, the 13th Dalai Lama, the 8th Jetsundampa Khutuktu and Buddhists in Buryatia and Kalmykia. Although the plan was opposed by leaders of the Russian Orthodox Church, Agvan Dorjiev managed to enlist the support of powerful nobility, politicians and personalities such as Prince Esper Ukhtomsky, P. Badmaev, V. V. Radlov, D.F. Oldenburg, G. Th. Stcherbatsky, V.L Kotvich, N.K. Roerich and P. Kozlov. The temple construction commenced in 1909 and was completed in 1915.

Datsan Gunzechoinei, the Buddhist temple in St. Petersburg as it stands today

Datsan Gunzechoinei, the Buddhist temple in St. Petersburg as it stands today

Another angle of the beautiful Datsan Gunzechoinei

Another angle of the beautiful Datsan Gunzechoinei

The Northern part of the beautiful Datsan Gunzechoinei

The Northern part of the beautiful Datsan Gunzechoinei

For Agvan Dorjiev to be able to enlist the support of many powerful personalities to build a prominent Buddhist temple in the Russian capital, despite the Russian Orthodox Church’s very strong and powerful opposition, is remarkable.

 

The End of the Qing Empire and Agvan Dorjiev’s Political Manoeuvring

In February 1910, the 13th Dalai Lama and his entourage escaped to Darjeeling, India as the Qing government sent the Chinese army into Tibet in order to strengthen their control. The Dalai Lama and his entourage stayed in India from February 1910 to mid-1912.

Hastings House (Calcutta, India; 1910). Seated from left: Prince of Derge Ngawang Jampel, Crown Prince of Sikkim Sikyong Tulku, Charles Bell, the 13th Dalai Lama, Lonchen Shatra, Lonchen Zholgang, Lonchen Chankyim and Kalon Tenzin Wangpo. Standing from left: S.W. Laden la, Tashi Wangdi, unknown, physician Ngoshi Jhampa Thubwang, unknown, unknown, Diwan Bahadur Phala. (Source: Jamyangnorbu.com)

Hastings House (Calcutta, India; 1910). Seated from left: Prince of Derge Ngawang Jampel, Crown Prince of Sikkim Sikyong Tulku, Charles Bell, the 13th Dalai Lama, Lonchen Shatra, Lonchen Zholgang, Lonchen Chankyim and Kalon Tenzin Wangpo. Standing from left: S.W. Laden la, Tashi Wangdi, unknown, physician Ngoshi Jhampa Thubwang, unknown, unknown, Diwan Bahadur Phala. (Source: Jamyangnorbu.com)

During this self-imposed exile, the 13th Dalai Lama tried to enlist the support of the British and Russian governments to protect Tibet against China’s power. Unfortunately, neither Britain nor Russia were willing to violate the treaty they signed in 1907. Therefore, the Dalai Lama’s effort was unsuccessful.

In February 1912, the Qing Empire fell apart and the Dalai Lama used this opportunity to rid Tibet of the Chinese influence and declared Tibetan independence.

The 13th Dalai Lama’s Declaration of Tibetan Independence

The 13th Dalai Lama’s Declaration of Tibetan Independence

Excerpt from the 13th Dalai Lama’s declaration of independence:

I, the Dalai Lama, most omniscient possessor of the Buddhist faith, whose title was conferred by the Lord Buddha’s command from the glorious land of India, speak to you as follows:

I am speaking to all classes of Tibetan people. Lord Buddha, from the glorious country of India, prophesied that the reincarnations of Avalokitesvara, through successive rulers from the early religious kings to the present day, would look after the welfare of Tibet.

During the time of Genghis Khan and Altan Khan of the Mongols, the Ming dynasty of the Chinese, and the Ch’ing Dynasty of the Manchus, Tibet and China cooperated on the basis of benefactor and priest relationship. A few years ago, the Chinese authorities in Szechuan and Yunnan endeavored to colonize our territory. They brought large numbers of troops into central Tibet on the pretext of policing the trade markets. I, therefore, left Lhasa with my ministers for the Indo-Tibetan border, hoping to clarify to the Manchu emperor by wire that the existing relationship between Tibet and China had been that of patron and priest and had not been based on the subordination of one to the other. There was no other choice for me but to cross the border, because Chinese troops were following with the intention of taking me alive or dead.

On my arrival in India, I dispatched several telegrams to the Emperor; but his reply to my demands was delayed by corrupt officials in Peking. Meanwhile, the Manchu empire collapsed. The Tibetans were encouraged to expel the Chinese from central Tibet. I, too, returned safely to my rightful and sacred country, and I am now in the course of driving out the remnants of Chinese troops from Do Kham in Eastern Tibet. Now, the Chinese intention of colonizing Tibet under the patron-priest relationship has faded like a rainbow in the sky.”

Source: http://buddhism.about.com/od/The-Dalai-Lamas/a/Tibets-Declaration-Of-Independence.htm

Agvan Dorjiev was reunited with the 13th Dalai Lama in Phari, who then travelled back to Lhasa under the protection of British Indian officials. In August 1912, Agvan Dorjiev departed to Mongolia. The Dalai Lama entrusted Agvan Dorjiev with gifts and a letter for Tsar Nicholas II. That would be the last time Agvan Dorjiev met with the Dalai Lama in person.

In 1912, Mongolia declared its independence from the Qing Dynasty, and the 8th Jetsundampa Khutuktu, a patron of Agvan Dorjiev’s St. Petersburg temple, was installed as the Khan. Agvan Dorjiev, representing Tibet, signed the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance between the Government of Mongolia and Tibet, with the new Khan’s ministers. This treaty stated both Tibet and Mongolia recognised each other’s independence, agreed to strengthen their friendship and acknowledged that they have shared the same religion for years.

Treaty of Friendship and Alliance between the Government of Mongolia and Tibet

Treaty of Friendship and Alliance between the Government of Mongolia and Tibet

This Tibeto-Mongolian treaty was controversial as it drew objection from the new Chinese authorities who tried to exert their influence in Tibet. Britain was not happy with the treaty either because they thought Mongolia was heavily influenced by Russia. They saw it as an opportunity for Russia to increase their influence in Tibet. On the other hand, Russia was wary of this suspicion and denied any involvement in the signing of the treaty. During that time, Russia tried to maintain a good relationship with Britain due to the impending First World War.

Upon signing the treaty, Agvan Dorjiev travelled to St. Petersburg and presided over the first service at Datsan Gunzechoinei, the new Buddhist temple. The historic event took place on February 21, 1913 although at the time, the temple construction was not yet completed. The event coincided with the 300th year celebration of the Romanov Dynasty.

300th year celebration of the Romanov Dynasty

300th year celebration of the Romanov Dynasty

Datsan Gunzechoinei was officially opened on August 10, 1915 when Russia was heavily involved in the First World War. Together with Dashi Dorzho (spiritual leader of Buryatia), Agvan Dorjiev helped in raising funds to support the Russian Empire’s war effort. Unfortunately, the Romanov Dynasty would soon see their end and in the process, Agvan Dorjiev lost a powerful ally.

 

Aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution

After the fall of the Romanov Dynasty, Agvan Dorjiev and Russian Buddhists faced a challenging time. Datsan Gunzechoinei in St. Petersburg was looted and the monasteries in Kalmykia were destroyed by the Red Army. Agvan Dorjiev himself was imprisoned on suspicion of trying to sneak money out of Russia.

Vladimir Lenin, the leader of Bolshevik Revolution

Vladimir Lenin, the leader of Bolshevik Revolution

Fortunately, with the help of Russian intellectuals who were scholars of Oriental Studies, and with whom he had maintained good relationships with (e.g., Th. Stcherbatsky, S.F. Oldenburg and B. Vladimirtsov), Agvan Dorjiev was freed by the Bolsheviks. The Red Army also withdrew from the Datsan Gunzechoinei Temple, sparing it from further destruction.

In his effort to preserve Buddhism in Russia, Agvan Dorjiev tried to adapt Buddhism to Communism. The Buryat Buddhist Congress was held on two occasions in 1922 and 1925. The participants of these congresses discussed changes such as eliminating the private property of monks, separation of religion and government, encouraging monks to engage in military service and so forth. Although the conservative Buddhists were not happy with these changes, Agvan Dorjiev managed to allow Buddhism to co-exist with communism.

The Bolsheviks seemed to recognise the influence that Agvan Dorjiev held in Tibet and Mongolia, so they sent him to Tibet three times to rebuild diplomatic relationships that were severed after the fall of the Romanov Dynasty.

However, although Agvan Dorjiev outwardly appeared to support the Bolsheviks, he sent a secret letter to the 13th Dalai Lama informing him that Buddhist principles and teachings were facing serious oppression in Bolshevik Russia.

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin

By the late 1920s, after Joseph Stalin became the leader of the Soviet Union, Agvan Dorjiev’s effort to ensure Buddhism co-existed with Communism was seriously threatened. The fact that many monks took part in anti-government rebellion gave the Soviet government reason to persecute Buddhist practitioners. Many monks were arrested and sent to concentration camps. They even went as far as to arrest the 13th Dalai Lama’s representative in the Soviet Union, Sharab Tepkin in 1931. In 1933, Agvan Dorjiev received devastating news regarding the passing of the 13th Dalai Lama and the following year, he was arrested for the second time. He was released within 20 days, most likely due to the help of his friends in the Soviet Foreign Office.

In January 1937, Agvan Dorjiev travelled to Buryatia to spend his days in solitary retreat at his house. However, on November 13, 1937, he was arrested for the third time on suspicion that he was spying for Japan. His other charges also included activities such as terrorism, armed rebellion, etc. After a two-week interrogation, he was sent to hospital due to an unspecified illness. Agvan Dorjiev would pass away on January 29, 1938.

Agvan Dorjiev in his later years

Agvan Dorjiev in his later years

 

For more interesting information:

Sources:

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agvan_Dorzhiev
  • https://www.treasuryoflives.org/biographies/view/Agvan-Dorjiev/13510
  • http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-EPT/helen.htm
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_expedition_to_Tibet
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Lhasa
  • https://sites.google.com/site/tibetological/dorjiev
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bogd_Khan
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandra_Shumsher_Jang_Bahadur_Rana
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_friendship_and_alliance_between_the_Government_of_Mongolia_and_Tibet
  • https://sites.google.com/site/tibetological/dorjiev
  • http://www.jamyangnorbu.com/blog/2013/02/06/backstory-to-the-13th-dalai-lamas-declaration-of-independence/
  • http://buddhism.about.com/od/The-Dalai-Lamas/a/Tibets-Declaration-Of-Independence.htm
  • https://lhasarising.wordpress.com/2012/05/23/tibetan-declaration-of-independence/

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Valentina Suhendra
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About Valentina Suhendra

Valentina met H.E. the 25th Tsem Tulku Rinpoche in year 2006 and became his student one year later. Prior to joining Kechara, Valentina was an advisory director at one of the big four accounting firms.

Currently, Valentina is the chairwoman of Yayasan Kechara Indonesia, a foundation working on social community projects to benefit the community. Read more of her writing on her blog: www.valentinasuhendra.com
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12 Responses to Agvan Dorjiev: The Diplomat Monk

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  1. Wan Wai Meng on Nov 28, 2016 at 11:24 pm

    It does seem that Agvan Dorjiev was trying to protect Tibet and at the same time further the cause of buddhist, he operated in a time whereby the ancient empires like China gave way to Western colonization and weaponry, Western Powers sought to dominate the world in any way that they can.

    I hope he will once again work for the sake of buddhism in future lives.

  2. Choong on Oct 23, 2016 at 7:48 pm

    Thank you Valentina for the article and the beautiful pictures of Datsan Gunzechoinei.

    Did you know that the stained glass windows in Datsan Gunzechoinei were designed by Nicholas Roerich who was born in St. Petersburg.

    DatsanGunzechoinei-o-St-Petersburg-3

    • Valentina Suhendra on Oct 26, 2016 at 8:38 pm

      Dear Choong

      Thank you for the information and insight. No I did not know previously Datsan Gunzechoinei’s glass windows were designed by Nicholas Roerich. It seems that Nicholas Roerich is a very interesting character on his own.. I heard Rinpoche talked about him several times, and surprisingly his name keep coming up in the various research that I was doing. Maybe one day I will learn more about him.

      Kind regards
      Valentina

  3. Choong on Oct 23, 2016 at 7:32 pm

    Power struggles and the battle for sovereignty yield the most unexpected outcomes.

    The 13th Dalai Lama began his temporal reign, reluctantly, at the age of 20, at a time when the British East India Company, Tsarist Russia, Qing China and Mongolia, put Tibet in a rather precarious situation.

    The Tibetan Kanshag took advantage of these insecurities and permanently and completely sacked Tibetan political power bases such as the Tengyeling Monastery from where Demo Rinpoche (the Regent who traditionally administered Tibet before the Dalai Lamas reached maturity), and other key government officials came from by exile, murder, torture, and destruction.

    When the Dalai Lama was 13 years old, he recorded a dream in which “a black man visited and told him that he would face many difficulties and that he would be forced to travel to Mongolia, China and India”. The figure in the dream also said that he would live longer then any other Dalai Lama.

    By the time he passed away in 1993 at the age of 58, the Bolshevik Revolution, the Mongolian Revolution and the Communist Revolution in China had taken place, completely changing the face of political power in the region.

    During those years, the 13th Dalai Lama himself eventually had to flee Tibet for the various countries foretold in the dream he had at 13.

    When he passed away, the largest tomb ever for a Dalai Lama was built, slightly larger than the Fifth’s. His legacy was keeping Tibet largely in place and independent; and continue the spread of the Yellow Sect from Mongolia, China, to Russia.

  4. Datuk May on Sep 4, 2016 at 8:05 am

    History makes what it is today. This is a very interesting article on how a devout Monk like Agvan Dorjiev can take on many roles in his efforts to spread and propagate the Dharma, particularly into St. Petersburg where the beautiful Buddhist temple, Datsan Gunzechoinei still stands today.

    We always perceive Monks as those who meditate intensely and isolate themselves which is also a form of assisting us out of samsara, but let us also be appreciative to many other great Monks who spend their lives preserving and spreading the Dharma through their pure motivation.

    Thank you, Valentina for the extensive research on Agvan Dorjiev.

  5. Stella Cheang on Aug 25, 2016 at 10:12 pm

    I have never heard of Agvan Dorjiev until now. At a glance, he seemed to be a lobbyist who did the bidding for the Dalai Lama / Tibetan leadership to seek foreign (Russian) aid with a political agenda. He was not the common monk who meditated and taught in the monastery, but actually travelled and lobby for support in those trying times at the turn of the 20th Century. Despite his motivation or political inclination, he had brought Tibet and Buddhism out to foreign land by establishing monasteries, ordaining monks and bestowing tantric empowerments in Kalmykia and Buryatia of Russia. Perhaps it was because of this genuine good deed and his diplomatic connection that he was highly respected. Thank you Valentina for this article.

  6. Pastor Adeline on Aug 25, 2016 at 5:16 am

    While people look up to monks who went into solitary retreat in the deep forest or high mountains, there are equally admirable monks who had to go against all odds in order to bring dharma to many. The later cannot avoid the dealing with politics and complicated human relations, yet they manage to succeed in their endeavours.

    Somehow, Agvan Dorjiev reminded me on H.E. the 25th Tsem Rinpoche, who has also brought dharma to the foreign land out of Guru Devotion. Like Agvan Dorjiev, His Eminence has never given up on his endeavour and go out his way without once looking back. His Eminence has displayed full determination in serving others equally similar to Agvan Dorjiev.

    Agvan Dorjiev is an inspiration to say the least. Thank you for sharing, Valentina.

  7. Pastor David Lai on Aug 24, 2016 at 3:19 am

    I have read his name mentioned several times particularly in the accounts of the 13th Dalai Lama period although I have not read much about his life. It’s interesting to read about his contribution towards the spread of Buddhism in Russia during the turbulent times between the fall of the Romonovs and the rise of communist Russia.

    Its amazing that the institution that he founded still stands to this day and who would have known that Russia would have such a long history of Buddhist practice. Unfortunately, it doesn’t look like we know of any incarnation of this particular lama. Perhaps, he doesn’t have students that actually went out to look for his incarnation.

    I heard that modern Mongolians are still trying to recover bits and pieces of its spiritual tradition after the devastating period of Russian communism. It would take a lot of work to re-establish the monasteries, monastics, lamas and education system that had been in place for centuries. One thing I must say that the lamas are resilient and Mongols by constitution are hardy people and stickler to what they believe in.

  8. samfoonheei on Aug 22, 2016 at 12:43 pm

    Very interesting article,,,I do enjoyed reading it.All about this diplomat monk name Agvan Dorjiev his life story and how he was part of an important diplomatic role in developing and strengthening the relationship between Russia and Tibet.Even though religion and politics do not mix yet with his help he managed to contribute to the monasteries in Lhasa and Tashi Lunpo in Shigatse,and establish Buddhism there. With the support of many powerful personalities he even build a Buddhist temple in the Russian capital, despite the odds and difficulties.His tireless effort to preserve Buddhism in Russia , he was arrested a couple of times.That’s great…..he suffered for the people to make it possible.
    Thanks Valentina for sharing

    • Valentina Suhendra on Aug 23, 2016 at 12:13 am

      Dear Somfoonheei

      Thank you for your kind comments. I am glad that you enjoy reading the article about this remarkable personality. I had mixed feeling when I research about him because I was trying to guess his motivation. But lookilng at his results – establishing various monasteries in Buryatia and Kalmykia and at the same time building such a grand temple in the Christian Orthodox capital of the world – they are enough evidence that his motivation was not bad. 🙂

      Valentina

  9. Lester on Aug 18, 2016 at 8:14 am

    Thanks Valentina for the very informative and exciting article. There is a book, “Tournaments of Shadow”, I think, that contains quite a number of primary sources on the history of this particular era. They include interesting bits by western observers like HHDL humiliating audience with the Empress Dowager, even sightings of extraterrestrial spacecraft near Tibet. Seems that politics and aliens are inextricable parts of the Gelug DNA. 🙂

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  • Pastor Shin Tan
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 06:42 PM
    According to the Buddhist teachings, we all have a unique blend of karma that determines where we are born, the circumstances of our birth and the quality of our life. Naturally, this is due to the actions that we performed in previous lives. Karma also dictates our characteristics and traits that determine how we act throughout our lives, which in turn leads to certain outcomes in this life and a determination of where we will take rebirth in the future.

    Karma, however, is not set in stone. We can change our circumstances through our own efforts – purification of karma and accumulation of merit. Tibetan astrology, based on these Buddhist principles, provides us the methods to ensure success in this life and a good rebirth in the future. Tibetan astrology can also predict what will happen to us in this life and our next rebirth based on the time of our birth.

    Discover your traits according to the Mewa, or Magical Square system of Tibetan astrology below, and find out how to purify your negative karma to improve your life!

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/tibetan-astrology/tibetan-astrology.html
  • Tsem Rinpoche
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 05:24 PM
    Very interesting:


    Radin explained in his book: “For a Western-trained academic, the mere existence of, say, telepathy would be considered supernormal and thus wildly extraordinary. But for an experienced yogi, it’s just a boringly normal minor siddhi [a Sanskrit term for a meditation attainment, or power]. A skeptical scientist, not having the benefit of thousands of hours of practice in yoga and meditation, would require repeatable, rigorously obtained experimental data showing odds against chance of a gazillion to one. The yogi merely requires his own experience.”


    Very interesting read: http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/2157904-supernormal-abilities-developed-through-meditation-dr-dean-radin-discusses/?sidebar=morein
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 01:45 PM
    Its indeed a beautiful place …..away from the city hectic life to visit and could stay over night too.Just to get away from work to relax ,get some fresh air ,do meditation and so forth .At Kechara Forest RetreatI,Bentong is where the largest Dorje Shugden statue in the world situated and we can receive blessing,make offering to the Buddhas as well as enjoy the tranquility of the beautiful gardens.I have recomended my friends and relatives to visit such a beautiful place at Bentong.
    Thank you Paul Yap for sharing.
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/go-bentong.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 01:15 PM
    Well…all pendants are beautifully designed,hand crafted to match each and every sacred images on it to suit all occasion for the wearer.I can see a lot of hard work for those involed in desgning and making of it.
    All pendants are very unique, modern, timeless and also sacred ,thats all i could describe it.Hope more people will be wearing these beautiful pendants to get connected with the Buddhas.Thank you Rinpoche for sharing and Kechara’s Louise Lee for creating Dharma art in in the form of jewelry
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/timeless-and-sacred.html
  • Tsem Rinpoche
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 12:41 PM
    This Mahasiddha is Kukkuripa (the dog lover). He loved dogs so much. When he meditated in the cave he had his doggie with him. She had kept him company for years in his cave. They shared bedding, food, water and company. When he gained high attainments, the Dakinis came to take him to Kechara Paradise. He was hesitant to go but the Dakinis insisted and he went with them.

    He arrived at Kechara (Paradise/Buddha abode of Heruka and Vajra Yogini) and enjoyed teachings and feasts up there and they asked him to stay longer if not forever…. But he kept thinking about his doggie left alone in the cave. He felt guilty and missed her. Kukkuripa would use his psychic powers to see his poor doggie alone and hungry waiting for him at the cave while enjoying the attention of the Dakinis and feasts. The cave was dark and had no food. The doggie had to go out and find small tiny scraps of food and was getting skinny. Kukkuripa saw this and it pained him. Worried she was not getting enough food. He use to share the offerings of food he would get from people with her. Doggie and him would delightfully eat the food together. Kukkuripa had no attachments to ‘clean’ or ‘dirty’ in regards to sharing food with his dog. He had overcome this in his meditations. In ancient India, people would not co-habitate with a dog. It was considered unclean and filthy, but Kukkuripa had cast away those notions and loved his dog as she loved him. But he felt guilty to leave her alone while he was ‘enjoying’ himself in Kechara and could not stop thinking about his beloved dirty smelly dog in his cave alone…so he left Kechara Paradise and all it’s ‘delights’ for his doggie. He couldn’t abandon her. The Dakinis implored him to stay, but he was firm to return. The Dakinis said you will give up this paradise here for a mere dog???!! You can advance further in your meditations if you stay in Kechara and then help the dog later they attempted to persuade him. But Kukkuripa would not stay, he was loyal to his little dog as she had kept him company for many years in the lonely dark cave. She was loyal to him and how can he abandon her now. He couldn’t and he wouldn’t listen to the Dakinis. He left to join doggie. He never forget her companionship and loyalty. All the wonderful things in Kechara could not tempt him against his loyal friend the little doggie. He left everything for her.

    So he finally left Kechara to the Dakinis dismay and went back to his cave to be with his dog so she won’t be alone. Doggie was delighted to see her master and wagged her tail so much!! She licked him and he hugged her! She was skinnier for not eating well these few days he noticed. He fed her and hugged her and loved his doggie…He went back to his routine of meditation, receiving food offerings and sharing his food with doggie. They were happy together. One day, when he was scratching her in her favorite place and she licked him so his eyes were closed, when he opened his eyes she had suddenly turned into a Dakini shimmering with lights! The brilliance of the lights lit up the whole cave in front of Kukkuripa!! Kukkuripa was astonished to behold the splendourous lady in front of him! Of course this Dakini must be the Queen Herself he realized, as Vajra Yogini which was Kukkuripa’s main Yidam he had meditated on her for years in the cave. And She said to Kukkuripa, “Well done, you gave up paradise to be with just a dog..it shows you have given up attachements and projections of pleasant and unpleasant, now your Dakini will give you the final paradise (enlightenment)!”

    Kukkuripa attained full enlightenment blessed by Vajra Yogini by releasing the final subtle attachment to the non-existent self! After enlightenment his fame and name grew and many came to see him and he gave teachings to countless and benefitted many before he finally ascended to Kechara the second and final time. He was forever known as Kukkuripa the dog lover.

    I love him so much!!! This is one of my favorite Mahasiddhas along with Badrapa, Shantideva, Ghantapa and a few others. I wanted to share this story with you. I wanted you to know that there are many great true stories like this one about Kukkuripa that are true and can be applied to our lives. To inspire us.

    Tsem Rinpoche
  • Tsem Rinpoche
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 12:29 PM
    The great and illustrious master Sonam Tsemo at the end of his life was described by an old woman who witnessed Sonam Tsemo depart. Standing on a rock at the holy spring near Sakya area known as Chumik Dzingka, his body ascended gracefully into the sky, still holding his dog. He loved his dog very much. Even today the footprints of Loppon Sonam Tsemo and the dog can be clearly seen in the rock, left for the benefit of living beings as a field from which to accumulate merit. It is a sign of a holy being when they can leave their footprints in stone for future generations to witness and make offerings on that spot to collect merits. This holy site was decorated by the great master Mantradhara Ngawang Kunga Rinchen later on. Other accounts say that he ascended from Gorum Library near Chumik Dzingka spring. A stupa containing his holy relics was erected there. Sonam Tsemo was a powerful practitioner of the Lady Buddha Vajra Yogini and at the end of his short life he ascended with his very body to Kechara paradise. He was 40 years old. Kechara is the sanksrit name of the special abode of Vajra Yogini. Those who practice Vajra Yogini to the highest level can ascend her paradise with their very bodies. Sonam Tsemo the great master of sutra and tantra was seen by an old woman flying off holding his beloved dog to ascend Kechara paradise. No one every found his body and his room was empty.
  • Lin Mun
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 12:27 PM
    Congratulations to Mitra for his first dharma teaching in Nepali to the expats. So glad that Dorje Shugden practise can reach out to many in various languages and to different people. Mitra has done a good job in introducing Lama Tsongkhapa lineage and guided them on the benefit and iconography of Dorje Shugden.

    May Lama Tsongkhapa lineage and Dorje Shugden practise continue to grow and benefit more people.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/mitra-teaches-bhagwan-dorje-shugden-in-nepali.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Sunday, Mar 26. 2017 04:15 PM
    Very clear explanation of what is Vajrayogini’s left foot stepping on. Each time when i have a look at the beautiful statue of Vajrayogini this question will comes back to me. i am glad came across these blog by chance, i saw and read to understand better.A clear explanation ..stampling left and right foot significant of desire ,hatred and ignorance that cause us to be in samsara and she she able to control.Vajrayogni’s practices is so powerful in heliping us and that is the reason Rinpoche always ask us to start now.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing these short explanation in the video and the interesting story of Mahadeva.
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/facebook-question-what-is-vajra-yoginis-left-foot-stepping-on.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Sunday, Mar 26. 2017 02:44 PM
    Rejoice to all the families who had setup a Buddhist altar at home and conducted a house blessing puja. There are diverse benefits of conducting the house blessing puja, which ranges from bringing well-being on all levels – in one’s health, relationships, business, and family – to purifying the home. The puja ceremonies will purify the environment which helps the people who live there and people who are visiting there to experience general well-being. The puja can be personalised based on the request or need of the individual. Thank you for sharing with us the many photos of the beautiful altar of these families, it is very heartwarming to know that they will always be blessed by the Three Jewels.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/10-amazing-house-blessings-by-kechara-pastors.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Sunday, Mar 26. 2017 02:24 PM
    Thank you for sharing this mindfully planned itinerary for everyone who is interested in visiting Kechara Forest Retreat. Kechara Forest Retreat has different facets that showcase different elements of spirituality and Tibetan Buddhism in this wholesale venue. One can enjoy the flora and fauna of Mother Nature, or embrace the contemporary architectures that feature many magnificent Buddha statues and authentic Himalayan decorations. Not forgetting to mention, in Kechara Forest Retreat sits the largest Dorje Shugden statue in the world! This is a holy place we must never miss to pay homage for blessings from the Three Jewels.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/go-bentong.html
  • Pastor Shin Tan
    Sunday, Mar 26. 2017 01:07 PM
    金泽“财王”护法殿

    在禅修林的入口处的左边有一间小佛堂,是全天候二十四小时开放给大众的。这间佛堂的一砖一瓦都是由不同善心人士捐增的。也因为他们过后发了一笔小财,所以在大马文东,金泽护法一般被简称为“财王“。

    根据佛陀教诲,五蕴是组成众生的五个方面,分别是色、受、想、行、识。证悟者如多杰雄登能将五蕴分别化现成不同的本尊。金泽是多杰雄登“受”蕴的化现,作用是协助我们增长世俗和修行上的财富。“受”蕴是我们对愉悦或不悦感受的认知。我们执着于愉悦,避免不悦,而这正是导致我们受困和造下各种业,继而产生痛苦的因(此段原文: http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_6d7edf5f0102x1n6.html)

    来到这里,我们首先要上香。做生意的朋友可要趁此机会拜拜,供养一个大的莲花蜡烛,上三根大香,祈求今年一帆风顺哦。

    摘自“GO BENTONG!与菩萨有约”
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=120808
  • Lin Mun
    Saturday, Mar 25. 2017 11:02 PM
    Can’t imagine that a priest actually stabbed Pope John Paul. How can he do this when he as a priest is suppose to be compassion and love everyone but kill the religion leader. he should remember that he carries the name priest and hence must show good example and behaviour to others but instead took another person’s life.

    I respected Pope John who continued his trip even though he was injured. That shows the determination he had to teach so it can benefit others. Always put others first more than our own needs.

    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this article.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/pope-john-paul-stabbed-by-priest.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Saturday, Mar 25. 2017 08:13 PM
    It is admirable for Sine Lindholm & Mads Ulrik Husum to place their design as open source for everyone to download and copy to manufacture. This shows how farsighted they are in propelling self-sustainability. The first step is always the hardest, and I believe what Sine and Mads had done is towards the right direction. In this way, people from all the around the world who genuinely are passionate and interested in growing own vegetables will be able to start on their own. Without needing to rely on middleman or manufacturer who might end up making the brilliant idea a commercial white elephant. Thank you, Rinpoche for this sharing.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/build-your-own-growroom.html
  • Alice Tay
    Friday, Mar 24. 2017 10:05 PM
    Many companies especially in overseas are very considerate and allow their employees to bring their dogs to work. I personally think that this is a very good practice where the employees no longer have to worry about leaving pets at home alone. The work environments that cultivate loving kindness, caring and compassion create a much more positive and productive place to work. Besides, it may influence everyone especially those who do not have pet to be more kind to the animals.

    Nevertheless, the employer and employees may have to work together to maintain the safe and cleanliness work place such as reduce odour, provide clean air and many others.

    Thank you for this interesting article as a reminder to us to love and be kind to animals no matter where we are.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/inside-the-worlds-most-dog-friendly-office.html
  • Lin Mun
    Friday, Mar 24. 2017 07:06 PM
    Superb idea and very creative. Home farming in the cities ! Appreciate all the hardwork and ideas to produce Growroom. It’s just like putting a big puzzle and making the whole process so much easier to plant in cities where we always have limited spaces.

    We should support more people to come up with such ideas so we can eat our own food and cultivate self sustainability.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/build-your-own-growroom.html

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Technical: Lew Kwan Leng, Justin Ripley, Yong Swee Keong
Design: Justin Ripley, Cynthia Lee
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Writer: Pastor Loh Seng Piow
Admin: Pastor Loh Seng Piow, Beng Kooi

I must thank my dharma blog team who are great assets to me, Kechara and growth of dharma in this wonderful region. I am honoured and thrilled to work with them. I really am. Maybe I don't say it enough to them, but I am saying it now. I APPRECIATE THESE GUYS VERY MUCH!

Tsem Rinpoche

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The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
So go pursue all the way with the unknown,
because all unknown with familiarity becomes the known.
~Tsem Rinpoche

Photos On The Go

Click on the images to view the bigger version. And scroll down and click on "View All Photos" to view more images.
This mahasiddha Kukkuripa is easy to identify as he is accompanied by a small dog whom he loved very much.
yesterday
This mahasiddha Kukkuripa is easy to identify as he is accompanied by a small dog whom he loved very much.
Mumu taking a rest in the turquoise room. Over the years, I always feel very satisfied when I see him covered with a blanket, safe and sleeping. I always wanted to make sure he was safe from harm, illness and distress. I wanted him to have a happy and loved life. Tsem Rinpoche
yesterday
Mumu taking a rest in the turquoise room. Over the years, I always feel very satisfied when I see him covered with a blanket, safe and sleeping. I always wanted to make sure he was safe from harm, illness and distress. I wanted him to have a happy and loved life. Tsem Rinpoche
I wrapped my little Mumu boy up in my blanket and propped him up on my bed. He didn\'t move or wiggle and just looked at me. He is one funny entertaining little guy. Tsem Rinpoche
yesterday
I wrapped my little Mumu boy up in my blanket and propped him up on my bed. He didn't move or wiggle and just looked at me. He is one funny entertaining little guy. Tsem Rinpoche
March 2017-Coaxing my little Mumu boy to eat his meal. He was not well and therefore not hungry. Tsem Rinpoche
yesterday
March 2017-Coaxing my little Mumu boy to eat his meal. He was not well and therefore not hungry. Tsem Rinpoche
Click on picture to enlarge and see what Milarepa says. Profound.
1 week ago
Click on picture to enlarge and see what Milarepa says. Profound.
We are always trying to get somewhere, try something new, find some friends, get some entertainment and in the end we end up in the same place. Time to really practice Dharma seriously and stop wasting time we don\'t have. ~Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
We are always trying to get somewhere, try something new, find some friends, get some entertainment and in the end we end up in the same place. Time to really practice Dharma seriously and stop wasting time we don't have. ~Tsem Rinpoche
March 20, 2017-Mumu is just so adorable with his bright eyes.
1 week ago
March 20, 2017-Mumu is just so adorable with his bright eyes.
More and more people inviting Lord Dorje Shugden home to connect with on their shrines. I am so happy to see this as it will benefit them and their families so much. That is the purpose to be alive which is to benefit others as much as possible. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
More and more people inviting Lord Dorje Shugden home to connect with on their shrines. I am so happy to see this as it will benefit them and their families so much. That is the purpose to be alive which is to benefit others as much as possible. Tsem Rinpoche
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
1 week ago
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
1 week ago
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
The Japanese are very innovative. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
The Japanese are very innovative. Tsem Rinpoche
Read this as it will be interesting
1 week ago
Read this as it will be interesting
Recite this before any meal or drinks for blessings of abundance. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
Recite this before any meal or drinks for blessings of abundance. Tsem Rinpoche
This sacred statue of Buddha is in Nepal brought originally from Tibet and has spoken on many occasions. Very blessed to see this holy image and keep a picture...bless you always. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
This sacred statue of Buddha is in Nepal brought originally from Tibet and has spoken on many occasions. Very blessed to see this holy image and keep a picture...bless you always. Tsem Rinpoche
I love Mumu boy tremendously. We went through so much together for so many years. You are a great being to be with. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
I love Mumu boy tremendously. We went through so much together for so many years. You are a great being to be with. Tsem Rinpoche
Dear everyone, I am sharing this beautiful and modern altar to Dorje Shugden in Malaysia. I am glad to see more and more people creating sacred spaces. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
Dear everyone, I am sharing this beautiful and modern altar to Dorje Shugden in Malaysia. I am glad to see more and more people creating sacred spaces. Tsem Rinpoche
Lhamo Karmo, a female buddha form visualized above the crown of one\'s head at the time of death, to encourage consciousness to leave the body via the crown aperture. From my book \"The Female Buddhas.\"- Glenn Mullin
3 weeks ago
Lhamo Karmo, a female buddha form visualized above the crown of one's head at the time of death, to encourage consciousness to leave the body via the crown aperture. From my book "The Female Buddhas."- Glenn Mullin
The Tibetan female tulku Dorje Pakmo, from a fresco on the wall of the Dorje Pakmo monastery (Samding) in Tibet, near the Turquoise Lake. In Tibet the Dorje Pakmo was ranked with the Dalai Lama, Panchen Lama and Sakya Trizin as the four highest lamas in the country.-from Glenn Mullin
3 weeks ago
The Tibetan female tulku Dorje Pakmo, from a fresco on the wall of the Dorje Pakmo monastery (Samding) in Tibet, near the Turquoise Lake. In Tibet the Dorje Pakmo was ranked with the Dalai Lama, Panchen Lama and Sakya Trizin as the four highest lamas in the country.-from Glenn Mullin
Dharma boy, Mumu boy and Oser girl checking out the scene..cute
4 weeks ago
Dharma boy, Mumu boy and Oser girl checking out the scene..cute
My Dharma boy has such a cute expression here. He is a good boy!
4 weeks ago
My Dharma boy has such a cute expression here. He is a good boy!
February 9,2017-My Mumu boy and Oser girl are just relaxing together..super cute
2 months ago
February 9,2017-My Mumu boy and Oser girl are just relaxing together..super cute
Click on the picture to enlarge and see what Suzy from Hawaii commented on the Dorje Shugden issue after much research. She is very candid and honest. Refreshing. Original is posted here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vl-4lIwxph4
2 months ago
Click on the picture to enlarge and see what Suzy from Hawaii commented on the Dorje Shugden issue after much research. She is very candid and honest. Refreshing. Original is posted here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vl-4lIwxph4
This is a good one to read
2 months ago
This is a good one to read
Mumu is silly and cute and funny
2 months ago
Mumu is silly and cute and funny
Mumu\'s hair is messy and he looks funny
2 months ago
Mumu's hair is messy and he looks funny
I am in the process of creating beautiful Dorje Shugden and Kechara Forest Retreat watches at this time. So we can take precious protector and Kechara Forest Retreat wherever we go and be blessed everytime we see what time it is. 
I am perfecting the designs with a great team and will update when done but these are just some samples that arrived. 
Feast your eyes! 

Tsem Rinpoche
2 months ago
I am in the process of creating beautiful Dorje Shugden and Kechara Forest Retreat watches at this time. So we can take precious protector and Kechara Forest Retreat wherever we go and be blessed everytime we see what time it is. I am perfecting the designs with a great team and will update when done but these are just some samples that arrived. Feast your eyes! Tsem Rinpoche
                        Pick the practice, devotion and precepts of Vajra Yogini\'s path over everything and anything in samsara. Samsara has nothing of value and nothing lasting to offer. You are born in suffering, live in suffering, die in suffering and enter bardo and future lives expecting more sufferings. This is not a negative way of looking at things but the truth. If the truth is negative, so it is the truth. Devote oneself to the guru, dharma work, dharma practice and bringing dharma to others compassionately. Choose to practice Vajra Yogini now with the preliminaries. You can start right now: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/starting-on-vajra-yogini-now.html  Much care, Tsem Rinpoche
3 months ago
Pick the practice, devotion and precepts of Vajra Yogini's path over everything and anything in samsara. Samsara has nothing of value and nothing lasting to offer. You are born in suffering, live in suffering, die in suffering and enter bardo and future lives expecting more sufferings. This is not a negative way of looking at things but the truth. If the truth is negative, so it is the truth. Devote oneself to the guru, dharma work, dharma practice and bringing dharma to others compassionately. Choose to practice Vajra Yogini now with the preliminaries. You can start right now: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/starting-on-vajra-yogini-now.html Much care, Tsem Rinpoche
Message to Tibetans in English
3 months ago
Message to Tibetans in English
Message to the Tibetans
3 months ago
Message to the Tibetans
Left to right: Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche, Sharpa Choeje Jetsun Lobsang Nyima, Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche, Kyabje Lati Rinpoche, 101st Gaden Tripa Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal. Great lamas of Gaden Shartse Monastery
3 months ago
Left to right: Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche, Sharpa Choeje Jetsun Lobsang Nyima, Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche, Kyabje Lati Rinpoche, 101st Gaden Tripa Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal. Great lamas of Gaden Shartse Monastery
A beautiful Indian rendition of Gyenze Dorje Shugden manifesting in wealth form
3 months ago
A beautiful Indian rendition of Gyenze Dorje Shugden manifesting in wealth form
This is my thoughts and determination to share with you. Please open and read. Thank you for your time. Tsem Rinpoche
3 months ago
This is my thoughts and determination to share with you. Please open and read. Thank you for your time. Tsem Rinpoche
Nepalese King Birendra receives His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche in Nepal
3 months ago
Nepalese King Birendra receives His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche in Nepal
Guess what Zava Damdin Rinpoche did in Mongolia recently with 7,800 people??? Very interesting and it is a must read:  http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=116206
3 months ago
Guess what Zava Damdin Rinpoche did in Mongolia recently with 7,800 people??? Very interesting and it is a must read:  http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=116206
This huge Buddha in Korea is magnificent
4 months ago
This huge Buddha in Korea is magnificent
The very first oracle of Dorje Shugden in trance statue. I have commissioned this.
4 months ago
The very first oracle of Dorje Shugden in trance statue. I have commissioned this.
Such a old and ancient thangka painting of Dorje Shugden. He has been around in Tibet practiced for hundreds of years.
4 months ago
Such a old and ancient thangka painting of Dorje Shugden. He has been around in Tibet practiced for hundreds of years.
One of the "Four Exalted Brothers" Avalokiteshvara statues, Phagpa Wati of Kyirong, which is now with H.H. the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala.
4 months ago
One of the "Four Exalted Brothers" Avalokiteshvara statues, Phagpa Wati of Kyirong, which is now with H.H. the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala.
Kyabje Zemey, Kyabje Zong Rinpoche and Kyabje Pabongka Choktrul Rinpoche
4 months ago
Kyabje Zemey, Kyabje Zong Rinpoche and Kyabje Pabongka Choktrul Rinpoche
My Oser girl and Mumu boy are so adorable
4 months ago
My Oser girl and Mumu boy are so adorable
Wow this meditator in his cave in front of a painting of Yamantaka draped with a white khata of respect. He sits among bones to remind him of impermanence and our future. The bones inspire him strongly to let go of all attachments in this life and focus on dharma, meditation and liberation and he is doing so. Very beautiful and inspirational. Tsem Rinpoche
4 months ago
Wow this meditator in his cave in front of a painting of Yamantaka draped with a white khata of respect. He sits among bones to remind him of impermanence and our future. The bones inspire him strongly to let go of all attachments in this life and focus on dharma, meditation and liberation and he is doing so. Very beautiful and inspirational. Tsem Rinpoche
Tenzing Norgay found this in Nepal. Guess what it is?
5 months ago
Tenzing Norgay found this in Nepal. Guess what it is?
Sir Edmund Hillary
5 months ago
Sir Edmund Hillary
Halloween is my favorite holiday. Wild natural plants and flowers are my favorite offering. Buddha\'s teachings on meditation and Yidam practice bring the ultimate results and happiness. ~Tsem Rinpoche
5 months ago
Halloween is my favorite holiday. Wild natural plants and flowers are my favorite offering. Buddha's teachings on meditation and Yidam practice bring the ultimate results and happiness. ~Tsem Rinpoche
Previous lives do resemble current lives especially if they are a recognized incarnation. If notice how similar the previous and current Trijang Rinpoche looks. The eyes, bone structure, expression, long neck, thin and overall look. Beautiful. I\'ve seen this phenomena over and over in many Rinpoche incarnations. Especially when you compare them with pictures of previous and current lives at around the same ages. Something powerfully karmic about this. Tsem Rinpoche
6 months ago
Previous lives do resemble current lives especially if they are a recognized incarnation. If notice how similar the previous and current Trijang Rinpoche looks. The eyes, bone structure, expression, long neck, thin and overall look. Beautiful. I've seen this phenomena over and over in many Rinpoche incarnations. Especially when you compare them with pictures of previous and current lives at around the same ages. Something powerfully karmic about this. Tsem Rinpoche
It\'s nice to have monks visitors and resident monks in Kechara
6 months ago
It's nice to have monks visitors and resident monks in Kechara
                         Taken in Lake Champlain in Canada. A huge water monster...neat...
6 months ago
Taken in Lake Champlain in Canada. A huge water monster...neat...
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    ཁྱེད་ཀྱི་བཀའ་སློབ་དོན་སྙིང་དེ།།གང་གི་རྣ་བར་བདུད་རྩི་མོད།།འོན་ཀྱང་འགའ་ཡི་རྣ་ལམ་དུ།། བྲག་ཆ་བཞིན་དུ་འགྱུར་སྲིད་མོད།། ཚང་མས་ཚར་རེ་གཟིགས་རོགས།། Kyabje Denma Gonsa Rinpoche telling people that it is important to have guru samaya. It use to be that way in the great monasteries. We should not create problems and schisms. If we want to practice a protector, then do so, if not it's okay, but don't make trouble. One should just practice the Buddha Dharma well. To do good practice. If you have faith in Dorje Shugden and trust all the way, he will definitely help you. But most important is to practice the dharma. This is his advice in short here. It's good to let more Tibetans hear this holy speech and appeal by this very senior Rinpoche. TR

ASK A PASTOR


Ask the Pastors

A section for you to clarify your Dharma questions with Kechara’s esteemed pastors.

Just post your name and your question below and one of our pastors will provide you with an answer.

Scroll down and click on "View All Questions" to view archived questions.

  • March 28, 2017 09:11
    Lia asked: If the ushnisha is actually supposed to be a bump, then do we change the visualization of the top knot and replace it with a bump covered in hair or do we keep the ushnisha as the thangkas show?
    No reply yet
  • March 27, 2017 04:19
    Dongho asked: I have been reading on the tunes of certain sects and would like to ask on this. From what I've read, there are certain tunes to each sect and school of certain chants. Exactly where can I find the sheet music for these percussion and horns with the chants, such as to the one for invoking Kache Marpo or Dorje Shugden? Would it be possible to use school instruments for this?
    pastor answered: Dear Dongho, Thank you for your question, it is good to see you back and asking more questions. Yes you are right, there are differences in the tunes and chants between the lineages. The differences can vary significantly between the traditions, for example the Gelugpa tradition of Tibetan Buddhism is known for its extremely deep throat singing which is very powerful and is characterised by a low, booming voice, in contrast to the other traditions. Even within a particular tradition, there can be slight variations as to the manner in which the chants and tunes are performed. For example those monasteries are which are affiliated with Gyume will have one way of throat singing, where those affiliated with Gyuto will have another. As far as I am aware there is no professional sheet music for the rituals, most probably because the music is actually an integral part of the ritual itself. Therefore the music, tunes, and chants are all taught at the same time the ritual and prayers are. The tunes, and use of the instruments all have specific meanings, because they are considered to be offerings to the deities in the form of sound. The monasteries would not have copies of sheet music either, because sheet music is western practice. The use of ritual music within Tibetan Buddhism is more of one based on memory. In the Kechara organisation, the puja team was trained in such ritual instruments at the same time they learnt the particular ritual from monks from the monastery, such as the puja of Dorje Shugden. From what I saw of the training, the musical tunes, and use of instruments was not written down but taught experientially at the same time as the chanting. I have not come across any other instruments being used in pujas apart from the traditional ritual instruments, because even the instruments themselves have a specific meaning. That is not say that school instruments cannot be used. This is because, as long as the offering is sincere, the Buddhas and enlightened deities will accept it, and in turn you will generate great amounts of merit. Offerings should be made to the best of our ability, therefore if you do not have access to the ritual instruments, or do not know how to play them, but you know how to play other instruments, and use these instruments as offerings to the Buddhas during pujas, the amount of merit you generate will be the same. This is because you are sincere with your offering. I hope this helps. Thank you.
  • March 26, 2017 02:14
    Kunga asked: Does the Gelug have Begtse a protector? If so, could you please provide a sadhana for him here?
    pastor answered: Dear Kunga, Yes the Dharma protector Begtse exists within the Gelug tradition. He is also known as Chamsing. Begtse’s practice stems from India and was introduced to Tibet and therefore Tibetan Buddhism by the translator Nyen Lotsawa. Marpa Lotsawa also practiced Begtse, and so the practice exists in the Kagyu traditions. This practice was eventually transmitted to Sachen Kunga Nyingpo, the first of the five patriarchs of the Sakya tradition, who were the founding fathers of that tradition. Over time the practice of Begtse was incorporated into the Gelug tradition, founded by Lama Tsongkhapa, and was notably practiced by the 1st and 2nd Dalai Lamas. Over time the practice gained popularity within the lineage, especially when it spread to Mongolia. There the practice became an important one within the lineage as upheld there. Begtse is also affectionately known as the Dharma protector of Mongolia, because his practice is so popular there. If I am not mistaken, there is an oracle of Begtse in Mongolia as well. There is a mistaken account that the practice originated around the time of the 3rd Dalai Lama, with the subjugation of a Mongolian war god, but Begtse was definitely practiced before that time in the Gelug, Kagyu and Sakya traditions. While the practice of Begtse is very effective, I have not come across the practice of Begtse in my personal practice, therefore I do not have access to the Begtse sadhana to provide to you. Instead Begtse is propitiated in prayers that incorporate many other Dharma protectors, and Begtse is also considered one of the nine protectors of the Hayagriva (Tamdrin) cycle of tantric teachings. Therefore Begtse is included in the Dharma protector sections of the Hayagriva tantras. Surrounding Begtse are his sister, Sing Ma, and his main minister, Le Khan Mar Po. His inner retinue comprises of eight butchers who wield copper swords in their right hands and skull-cups full of blood in their left hands. They are portrayed as naked and are very ugly. His outer retinue comprises a further twenty-one butchers, who hold copper swords in their right hands, and this time, the entrails of butchered enemies. They wear the skins humans and oxen as clothes, with ornaments made from human bone. While this may seem violent, Begtse is actually a very powerful and beneficial protector, who helps practitioners clear their obstacles and create conducive conditions for their spiritual evolution. I hope this helps. Thank you.
  • March 24, 2017 20:12
    Azair asked: Venerable Rinpoche, I am doing a study in Kalachakra Tantra and I've heard from most of the lama's too that if you practice the Kalachakra Tantra, you'll be able to take control of your next rebirth. Ofcourse, it has been said that we will get our rebirth according to our Karma and desires but whether those dreams will get fulfilled will depend upon the actions that we take in this life. Thus, practicing the Kalachakra(till the end) after initiation will give you the opportunity to take rebirth anywhere you desire regardless of your Karma. My question is that, is there some truth in this statement.? Does this statement hold true for other tantra practices, such as Vajrayogini Tantra, Ghuyasamaja Tantra, Heruka Tantra, etc. I would really really like to know. Thankyou in anticipation, regards, Azair
    pastor answered: Dear Azair, Thank you for your question. Yes there is truth to this statement, both from a scriptural perspective and also by example, as the great masters have shown us. This is a unique feature of all Anuttarayoga Tantras or Highest Yoga Tantras, which Kalachakra, Vajrayogini, Guhyasama and Heruka are all examples of. This category of tantric practice can actually lead a practitioner to full enlightenment in this very lifetime. Even if enlightenment is not reached, very high levels of attainment can be reached nonetheless. This includes the ability to take control over your next rebirth. This is primarily engaged in so that the practitioner is born in an environment where they can eventually pick up their practice and further their spiritual path to enlightenment, or in order to be born in a place where they can benefit sentient beings the most, as part of the spiritual journey over many lifetimes. One of the reasons such an ability is very necessary on the spiritual path, is that usual death and rebirth occurs at the mercy of ones karma, specifically what is known as the ‘throwing karma’ or the karma that dictates what sort of rebirth a person is going to take. This opens up at the time of ordinary death, which most people have no control over. During the death process, many of our disturbing emotions will arise. Whichever of these is the strongest at the point of death triggers open a latent karmic potential, which becomes the ‘throwing karma’ and dictates where we are going to take rebirth and if that life will generally be full of suffering or not. Within Anuttarayoga Tantra, one of the key points of practice is to prepare for one’s death. This is done by simulating the dying process during one’s meditations, so that one becomes familiar with it. At the most pivotal part of this process, one practices achieving either the rainbow body or great bliss (in the case of the father tantras); or clear light (in the case of mother tantras). The tantras themselves are not defined in terms of the gender of the central deity, but by the method used to gain enlightenment. This is either the rainbow body/great bliss (classified as male, therefore labelled ‘father’) or clear light (classified as female, therefore labelled ‘mother’). Non-dual tantras such as the Kalachakra tantra can employ either of the two methods, a mixture of both, or alternate methods. In the case of superior practitioners, due to the power of their practice, they can achieve either of these two methods in their current body. Since they have familiarised themselves with the dying process, and a particular method of practice, they can also achieve enlightenment during their physical death. The great Lama Tsongkhapa is said to have achieved enlightenment at the moment of physical death, using the second of these. For other practitioners, they may not be able to achieve this either in their meditations while they are alive, or during the death process. However because they have familiarised themselves with the dying process, they remain in complete concentration at the time of death, not allowing any disturbing emotions to arise. Due to this level of concentration, meditation and awareness during the dying process, they are able to control where they next take rebirth. This is evident in the tantric scriptures themselves, and the life stories of many masters, who can state exactly where, when and to whom they will take their next rebirth, as they are in full control of the dying and rebirth process. There is a type of meditation called ‘thukdam’ which has been translated into ‘death meditation’. This is a final meditation some masters choose to engage in. During this meditation, the master themselves consciously begin the physical dying process themselves, engage in the meditation of dissolving the winds into the heart centre and remain in the most pivotal part of the death process, the mind of clear light of death. During this point they engage in meditations, either the methods of the father or mother tantras as mentioned previously, and or consciously choose where they are to next take rebirth. They can remain in this death meditation for long periods of time, days at an end, in which their consciousness has not yet left their body, although for all intents and purposes they are dead according to medical science, e.g. they have no heartbeat. At the end of their meditation, a drop of blood will be emitted from their nostril, and their head will slump over a little. Masters who engage in this meditation usually sit in full meditation posture, and their body remain supple and soft even though they have passed away from a medical point of view. I hope this brief explanation helps. Thank you.
  • March 23, 2017 23:01
    Brad asked: What is the significance of offering the Seven precious emblems of royalty to the Buddhas and enlightened Dharma Protectors? What are we symbolically offering up?
    pastor answered: Dear Brad, Thank you for your question. The ‘saptaratna’ or seven precious emblems represent on the one hand the ultimate state of temporal power, and on the other hand the ultimate spiritual attainments that we can achieve. By offering these to the Buddhas, we are actually creating the causes to achieve what they represent. Therefore it is good to know the meaning of each, so we can understand what we are creating the causes for by offering them up: Please see below for an explanation of the seven royal emblems: 1. The Precious Wheel: a thousand spoked wheel, representing the universal power of the Buddhas, as well as the teachings of the thousand Buddhas of our aeon. It is represented by the Dharmachakra, symbolising the ‘turning of the wheel’ or teaching of the Noble Eightfold Path. It is a symbol of a universal emperor’s spiritual and temporal power. It is also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect mindfulness, especially that of our own mind, thoughts, delusions and afflictions. 2. The Precious Jewel: an eight sided wish-granting gem, which fulfils all the needs of a universal emperor. This jewel has eight special qualities: it illuminates the night sky for hundreds of leagues; it is cooling when the temperature is hot and warming when the temperature is cold; it makes manifest whatever the holder wants; when thirsty it causes a fresh-water spring to appear; it has the ability to control the nagas, and other supernatural beings, as well as preventing natural disasters such as storms, floods, etc.; it gives off multi-coloured lighted which heals the various mental and emotional afflictions; it cures all illnesses; and it ensures that one dies a natural death, not an untimely one. It is a symbol of a universal emperor’s spiritual and temporal power. It is also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect mindfulness, or perfect discrimination, so one knows what to abandon and what to keep in the mindstream during the spiritual journey to enlightenment. 3. The Precious Queen: the most beautiful and virtuous of all women. She is described as a goddess who is the epitome of someone: with devotion; without jealousy; who is the embodiment of fertility; who works for the welfare of all beings; who possess feminine wisdom; speaks the truth; not attract to sensual pleasures or material possessions; and does not have false views. She is adored by all. She also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect effort. This is necessary to keep meditating until one gains spiritual attainments. 4. The Precious Minister: who has sharp intelligence, patience, and the ability to give wise counsel to the emperor. He is so attuned to the emperor that even before the emperor has spoken, the minister is already carrying out his command. He only wishes to support the Dharma, help sentient beings, and is an excellent strategist. He also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect joy. This is also akin to the attainment of the first bodhisattva level, because you have come to an understanding of your own mind, which is like pouring ice-cold water into boiling water. The water stops boiling, as does the thoughts, projections, and delusions in the mind. He represents the path of the bodhisattva. 5. The Precious Elephant: who has the strength of a thousand normal elephants. He is white, with the perfect features that an elephant could have. He is majestic, graceful, and gentle, but in battle is fearsome, fearless and unyielding. He communicates with the emperor through a telepathic link. He represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect adaptability. This is important, as one needs to be able to adapt to the various mental afflictions as they arise, and suitably counter them. 6. The Precious Horse: who has all the marks of a celestial horse. Known as wind-horse, he is able to travel extremely fast, and can circumambulate the entire universe three time in just a single day. He is never fearful or startled, never makes a sound when galloping, and has extremely soft hairs on his body. He represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is single-pointed concentration. This is important because without this form of concentration, once cannot engage in the analytical meditations that lead to an understanding of emptiness, and therefore enlightenment. 7. The Precious General: who has mastered the arts of war and always wins in battle. He wears battle armour and holds many different weapons. He tries to avoid battle, but when necessary fights, and never gives up until he has won. He is fearless, and courageous in carrying out the emperors commands and ensures the emperors army carries out their duties. He represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect equanimity. This is because he overcomes all warfare, which is akin to the battle between things were are attached to and things we have an aversion for in our minds. In short, what you are offering up is the highest of all temporal treasures and abilities, as well as the entire path of the Dharma. Doing so creates the causes for you to receive all of this on your spiritual journey towards enlightenment. I hope this helps. Thank you.
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CHAT PICTURES

Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers and volunteers outing session. Stella,
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Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers and volunteers outing session. Stella,
Dorje Shugden the powerful World Peace Protector taking full trance in an oracle.
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Dorje Shugden the powerful World Peace Protector taking full trance in an oracle.
Visitors have the opportunity to pay respect to this holy statue, in Kechara Forest Retreat, Wisdom Hall!
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Visitors have the opportunity to pay respect to this holy statue, in Kechara Forest Retreat, Wisdom Hall!
Group photo of Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers and trainer after the Teachers Training program in 2016. Stella, KSDS
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Group photo of Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers and trainer after the Teachers Training program in 2016. Stella, KSDS
Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers attended the weekly Blogchat Dharma sharing session every Monday. Stella, KSDS
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Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers attended the weekly Blogchat Dharma sharing session every Monday. Stella, KSDS
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Kechara Sunday Dharma School students and parents made a day trip to Kechara forest Retreat during school holidays. What a good way to spend a weekend. Stella, KSDS
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Kechara Sunday Dharma School students, Kayene and her brother Karlson made a day trip to visit Kechara Forest Retreat with their parents. Stella, KSDS
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Lovely visitors in Kechara Forest Retreat, Wisdom Hall
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Prostration is a practice to show reverence to the Three Jewels. Let the children have this practice at their young age, Alice Tay, KSDS
Teacher Stella together with WOAH Camp young participants to check the broken egg. Alice Tay, KSDS
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Teacher Stella together with WOAH Camp young participants to check the broken egg. Alice Tay, KSDS
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Happy faces of Teacher Irene together with KSDS's youngest age group. Alice Tay, KSDS
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3 days ago
Most of the KSDS students like drawing and discuss about their drawing. Alice Tay, KSDS
The yearly gotong royong event on Malaysia Day. Great day to contribute back to the society. Lin Mun KSDS
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The yearly gotong royong event on Malaysia Day. Great day to contribute back to the society. Lin Mun KSDS
KSDS students, parents and teachers participated in food packaging for Kechara Soup Kitchen. Lin Mun KSDS
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KSDS students, parents and teachers participated in food packaging for Kechara Soup Kitchen. Lin Mun KSDS
The team is setting up the tent and games for the Halloween party. Lin Mun KSDS
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The team is setting up the tent and games for the Halloween party. Lin Mun KSDS
Students of SRJK (C) enjoyed themselves so much during Halloween 2016. Lin Mun KSDS
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Students of SRJK (C) enjoyed themselves so much during Halloween 2016. Lin Mun KSDS
Khai Te is very talented in drawing. Look at the van. It has a Kechara logo. Lin Mun KSDS
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Khai Te is very talented in drawing. Look at the van. It has a Kechara logo. Lin Mun KSDS
Students listening to Teacher Grace attentively during WOAH camp 2016. Lin Mun KSDS
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Students listening to Teacher Grace attentively during WOAH camp 2016. Lin Mun KSDS
Happy visitor invited Dorje Shugden back home.
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Happy visitor invited Dorje Shugden back home.
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Join our Meditate in Nature Programme 2017! Here are the Dates:
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Join our Meditate in Nature Programme 2017! Here are the Dates:
When we love others without projections, we truly LOVE. ~ Tsem Rinpoche . YEO KWAI GIN ( KKSG )
1 week ago
When we love others without projections, we truly LOVE. ~ Tsem Rinpoche . YEO KWAI GIN ( KKSG )
True Love Is Simple Because It's SELFLESS ~ Tsem Rinpoche.  YEO KWAI GIN ( KKSG ) .
1 week ago
True Love Is Simple Because It's SELFLESS ~ Tsem Rinpoche. YEO KWAI GIN ( KKSG ) .
Powerful Quote !  www.TsemRinpoche.com .  YEO KWAI GIN ( KKSG )
1 week ago
Powerful Quote ! http://www.TsemRinpoche.com . YEO KWAI GIN ( KKSG )
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