五台山——文殊菩萨人间道场

Jul 30, 2017 | Views: 150
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Mount Wutai is located in Shanxi province of Northeastern China

五台山位于中国山西省东北部

(By Tsem Rinpoche)

有关五台山、日本镰仓大佛、斯里兰卡康提市佛牙寺、菩提迦耶、蓝毗尼、瓦拉纳西,以及拘尸那迦等圣地的文章为读者们提供这些圣地的内容,因而激发读者们朝圣到这些圣地。

任何一个地方只要符合以下任何一个条件,就可以称之为圣地

  1. 某人曾在某个地方禅修而成就更高的成就和心境(例如:关爱、慈悲心和菩提心),从而把正能量注入此处。
  2. 某人曾在某个地方净见如佛陀、大成就者、勇父或空行母等圣者,并且(或者)在这个地方接受这些圣者的教诲。这可能让此处充满了圣者及(或)其教义的能量和加持。
  3. 一个因圣者居住或天人从事善行而充满正能量的地方。
  4. 这个地方受到大成就者的加持,而他也邀请诸位觉悟者居住在那里。

当前往受到加持的圣地朝圣,游客们会因环境的正能量而感到平静、快乐、治愈和安宁。这还可以在游客或朝圣者的心中留下印记或开启心中某个正面的印记,成为修行路上激励他们的动力。

萨迦班智达和布敦仁欽珠等诸多过去被公认为多杰雄登化身的大师在成立五台山为佛教修行中心扮演及其重要的角色。因为多杰雄登是文殊菩萨的化身,所以这进一步证实多杰雄登是觉悟者。

文殊菩萨在人间无数的住处当中,几个世纪以来,只有五台山与其利他的智慧联合在一起。至今,成千上万的修行者已经到五台山去修行。因此,每个人在一生中,都应该尽他们所能到文殊菩萨的圣地朝圣,并祈求文殊菩萨给他们的修行加持。

詹杜固仁波切

 


 

综述

《华严经》,全名《大方广佛华严经》。点击放大图片

人们认为五台山是文殊菩萨这位智慧之佛的人间住所。《华严经》有一段经文提到五台山与文殊菩萨的关系,其中涵盖各菩萨的住处,包含与文殊菩萨相关的菩萨住处内容。据经文,文殊菩萨居住在中国东北部的一座“清凉山”上,这可能就是之后被称为五台山的那座山。另外,这部经讲述了到中国,并住在五台山而亲见文殊菩萨的第一世纪印度僧人的故事。《华严经》证实五台山为文殊菩萨的住所。据说,在五台山上可以看到以各种形式化现的文殊菩萨,常见的化身有朝圣者、僧人或罕见的五色彩云。

智慧佛文殊菩萨。点击放大图片。

据说,文殊菩萨选择住在五台山是因为他想帮助那些确实想取得更高成就而最终成佛的人。因此,五台山是世界上佛教徒公认最神圣的佛教圣地之一,而且此圣地已成为一个旅游景点。2009年,五台山被列为教科文组织世界文化遗产。

五台山被视为中国四大圣山之一。众所周知,这里以作为圣者住处而闻名。四座圣山包括:

  • 五台山,位于山西省,被称为文殊菩萨的人间住所。
  • 峨眉山,位于四川省,被公认为普贤菩萨的人间住所。
  • 九华山,位于安徽省,被称为地藏王菩萨的人间住所。
  • 普陀山,位于浙江省,被称为慈悲之佛观音菩萨的人间住所。观音菩萨在梵语中被称为 Avalokiteshvara。

五台山以其五座平顶峰而著称。据说,每座峰都住着不同化身的文殊菩萨。北部的那座山峰最高,位于海拔3058m(10033英尺)处,而南部的那座山峰最矮,位于海拔2485m(8153英尺)处。这座最高和最矮山峰之间相距9.3km(5.78英里)。

五台山上有53座寺院和庙宇。由于地点偏僻,所以这些古老的寺院和庙宇逃过20世纪60年代中国发生文革而仍然保存下来。因此,至今朝圣者依然可以看到建于唐朝(西元618-907)的全木结构建筑。

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历史

佛教传入中国之前,五台山被称为紫府山。最初,五台山被公认为一座具有道教传统的神山,有许多道教大师居住过。佛教寺院最初从漢朝(西元25-220)起开始在五台山建造。但是,直至北魏时期(西元386-535,即第5世纪)才被公认为文殊菩萨的人间住所。

 

唐朝

A map of Tang Dynasty

唐朝地图

由于五台山是文殊菩萨在人间的住处,在8世纪期间,中国帝王尝试与文殊菩萨建立联系以巩固他们的权力,因而进一步提高了五台山的知名度。那时候,中国史上具有政治权力的僧侣之一——不空(西元705-774)——选了五台山作为乞求国家平安法会的地点,法会包含抬佛绕山仪式。此外,在唐朝期间,五台山成为唐朝皇帝接受文殊菩萨指示以及来自天上启示的圣地,而帝王就在人间实践他们的指示。 因此,五台山成了帝王的着重点,而绕山仪式则成为往后的国王,例如满洲、西藏和蒙古,与文殊菩萨沟通的正当方式。

 

不空(西元705-774)

Amoghavajra

唐代著名僧人不空大师(西元705-774)

不空出生在撒马尔罕,是今天乌兹别克斯坦的一座城市。他的父亲是印度人,而母亲是栗特人。西元715年,随着他的父亲去世后,不空他迁移到中国。4年后,他于金刚智(唐朝一位密教大师)座下出家为僧。不空是一位卓有成就的翻译家,被视为真言宗的八祖之一。真言宗是日本的一大佛教宗派。由于不空连续被御用为唐朝几位皇帝的精神导师,所以他获得许可在大兴善寺建立了第一个金刚顶宗,也就是所谓的唐密。

不空在唐朝期间作为三位皇帝的导师,亦即:唐玄宗(西元712-756在位)、唐肃宗(西元756-762在位)和唐代宗(西元626-649在位)。在那期间,他也开始在五台山上建设华丽的金阁寺,以创立文殊菩萨为中国的佛与保护者。金阁寺的建设于西元767年竣工。不空是一位著名的佛教密续修行者,能透过有效的佛教仪式预防各种灾难。他将余生奉献于翻译和编辑120卷密教上,以利益众生。不空逝世于西元774年,随后被赐予智藏、不空三藏和国务大臣等各种荣誉称号。

 

西藏的影响力

The map of Mount Wutai dated 1596

《清凉山志》(西元1596年)中的五台山地图

敦煌县莫高窟第61窟内发现的10世纪五台山壁画。点击放大图片

Buton Rinchen Drub (1290 - 1364 CE)

布敦仁欽珠(西元1290-1364)。点击放大图片

西藏统治者对五台山有极大的兴趣,特别是在西元7-8世纪期间,因为当时正是西藏军事扩张达到高峰的时期。这是历史上西藏君主和中国皇帝首次开展文化交流的时期。事实上根据《巴協》的记载,在西元755年,许多从中国回西藏的特使为了游览五台山而绕了很远的路。《巴協》是一本记载西藏佛教创立和桑耶寺建造历史的藏语史书,由巴·赛囊撰写。巴·赛囊是藏王赤松德赞(西元755-797)宫中成员之一,而其著作备受多位历史学家所引用。据中国史书《旧唐书》记载,藏王赤松德赞于西元824年向唐朝宫廷要了一副五台山的地图。西元830年,最早期的五台山描绘在藏王统治期间被画在敦煌莫高窟的墙上。这些壁画涵盖了有关五台山地形、历史以及这座山上发生的各种奇闻等信息。

布敦仁欽珠(西元1290-1364)是西藏一位著名的学者,他在他的《佛教历史》中写道:西藏的第一位国王松赞干布(西元617-650在位)于五台山上建了108座寺庙。除了西藏皇室外,好几位高僧大德,如:在西藏建立大圆满教派的第8世纪印度学者无垢友等,也曾朝圣到这座圣山。

King Songtsen Gampo built 108 temples on Mount Wutai

在五台山上建造108座寺庙的藏王松赞干布

随着娘热尼玛沃瑟(西元1136-1204)撰写大量关于密教大师莲花生大士生平,以及8世纪西藏各国王生平的著作后,西藏人于12世纪末至13世纪初之间对五台山的兴趣提升。人们认为娘热尼玛沃瑟是藏王赤松德赞心识的化身,而且是宁玛派第一位传统的大伏藏师。他在好几部著作中提到,藏王赤松德赞拜访五台山之时,文殊菩萨建议他将佛教确立为西藏的官方宗教。因此,西藏成为以佛教原则为基础的国家是接受文殊菩萨忠告的结果。之后,藏王赤松德赞被视为是文殊菩萨的化身。人们常用箭和经文等文殊菩萨的法器来描绘这位藏王。

In this picture, King Trisong Detsen is depicted as the emanation of Manjushri.

此图中,藏王赤松德赞被描绘成文殊菩萨的化身

 

帕当巴·桑杰

Padampa Sangye

帕当巴·桑结

帕当巴·桑杰是一位11世纪的佛教大师,也是南印度的一位僧侣。他开创了佛教希解派,也称为止息派。帕当巴·桑杰至少去西藏出席三个场合。在西藏,人们称之为“黑色阿阇梨”和“矮小印度黑人”,因为他黑色的肤色。阿阇梨的意思是掌握学说而且能够教导他人实现同等学习和领悟水平的伟大学者。帕当巴·桑杰在五台山上住了11年(西元1086-1097)。他在传记中记述了他在五台山上见到文殊菩萨的情景,当时文殊菩萨拿着一根手杖,以一位年老智者的形象出现在他面前。这位年老的智者告诉他,中国当时充满传染病,而唯一能挽救那种情况的就是位于金刚座,亦即释迦牟尼证得佛道的法座上的顶髻尊胜佛母心咒(藏语:朗觉玛)。如今,这个地方就是位于印度菩提迦耶的摩诃菩提寺。陀罗尼是一个偈颂或者浓缩版经文,其中涵盖了某个经文或特定修行法门的精髓与核心。顶髻尊胜佛母是三大主要长寿佛之一。那位老圣人指示帕当巴·桑杰到某个洞穴,而里面有个可以方便往返五台山和金刚座的洞窟。帕当巴·桑杰按照指示做,获得了陀罗尼,从而成功地让中国摆脱传染病的厄运。就这样,帕当巴·桑杰在五台山上遇见文殊菩萨的故事成为了著名的传说。帕当巴桑结利用他在中国的时间教导和弘扬希解派与平息痛苦之教法。有些佛教修行者甚至认为帕当巴·桑杰一直住在五台山上教法和禅修,直至他去世为止。

 

西夏唐古特王朝

Map depicting Tangut Empire from the 11th century

11世纪唐古特王朝的地图

1036年,西夏党項族在侵略敦煌市时发现了西藏人绘在五台山上的壁画。如同之前的中国和西藏统治者般,党項族也希望党項皇帝与文殊菩萨建立直接的关系,以巩固他们的权利和奢靡的王族生活。

因此,党項族试图在五台山上建立和增强他们本身的佛教思想。党項族专研《华严经》,进一步加强五台山为文殊菩萨人间住处的的信仰。由于党項族与中国人的政治关系复杂,所以党項族在贺兰山脉建了他们自己的五台山,并将其称为“五台山北部”。在11世纪,此山位于其国首都西平府的西部。他们甚至仿造五台山的清凉寺和佛光寺。不过,党項族并非唯一一个决定建立自己五台山的族群。辽朝(西元907-1125)的契丹人和蒙古人在他们自己的边境也建立了各自的五台山。

 

蒙古人的兴趣

13世纪中期,即元朝时期,五台山成了中国的政治中心。尽管蒙古人统治了中国领土一段时间,忽必列汗(西元1215-1294),即成吉思汗的孙子,才于西元1271年正式宣布采纳中国传统,并建立了元朝(西元1271-1368)。西藏佛教在这段期间的增长,也因为忽必列汗制定的政策而发展起来。有些人甚至认为忽必列汗是文殊菩萨的化身,被送到中国弘扬佛法。

Portrait of Kublai Khan

忽必列汗肖像

但是,忽必列汗是文殊菩萨化身的说法,并非所有人都赞同。与忽必列汗同属一期的邬坚巴·仁钦贝(西元1229-1309)对忽必列汗是文殊菩萨化身说法的可靠性就强烈表示有所保留。邬坚巴的学生索南·沃瑟在他撰写的邬坚巴传记中讨论到:假设忽必列汗确实是文殊菩萨的化身,那么这位皇帝的光辉权力应该源自文殊菩萨法门的显示,而不是暴政。邬坚巴认为忽必列汗通过镇压和恐吓的方式扩张领土,就说明他并非正当的文殊菩萨化身。另一方面,元朝另一位同时期的莫兰·多杰(西元1284-1346),则不赞同这个观点。他儿子察巴在他撰写的传记主张忽必列汗是文殊菩萨的真实化身。此说法成功地提高了随后多任皇帝对五台山作为获得和维持政权之处的信誉。

Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyatsen (1182 - 1251 CE)

萨迦班智达·贡嘎坚赞(萨迦班智达)(西元1182-1251)。点击放大图片

忽必列汗在位期间,许多西藏卓越的喇嘛都参访 蒙古宫廷和五台山,从而让五台山变得更为神圣。其中一位最杰出且到过五台山的西藏喇嘛是公认为文殊菩萨化身的萨迦班智达·贡嘎坚赞(西元1182-1251)。事实上,萨迦班智达·贡嘎坚赞的侄子秋吉八思巴·洛珠坚赞(西元1235-1280)毕生都致力于编写关于文殊菩萨和五台山的大作。西元1257年,他编撰了一首重要的五台山百偈诗《珍宝之鬘:五台山上文殊菩萨赞》。由于忽必列汗对文殊菩萨和五台山的忠诚,他因此封秋吉八思巴·洛珠坚赞为国师。这个职位是宫廷里最高的宗教权威。此传统随着元朝几位皇帝流传下去,让西藏僧侣持续担任宫廷里最高的宗教职位。

The Great White Stupa

大白塔

秋吉八思巴·洛珠坚赞的学生噶阿彦丹巴·衮噶扎(西元1230-1303)是忽必列汗朝廷里成就高深的密续修行者,曾住在五台山上约10年。忽必列汗任命他为寿宁寺的住持。因为他担任这个高声望的职位,所以提高了寺院的声望,成为第一座建设在五台山的重要西藏佛教寺院。值得一提的是,噶阿彦丹巴·衮噶扎被委任这个职位是因为他利用密续的成就协助蒙古军队在多场战争中获胜。其中的一次战役导致南宋(西元1127-1279)的衰落,同时标志着蒙古元朝的开始。忽必列汗正是建造后来成为成了与五台山相关的一个象征性地标。

 

明朝

The 5th Karmapa Deshin Shekpa (1384 - 1415 CE)

第五世噶玛巴·德新谢巴。点击放大图片

1368年元朝衰落后,汉人在中国重新获得权力,并建立了明朝(西元1368-1644)。在这段时期,帝国中堅分子给予西藏佛教的支持是非常少的。但众所周知,数位明朝皇帝和元首都信奉西藏佛教。尽管永乐帝(西元1403-1424)和正德(西元1505-1521)等皇帝都受到儒学者的反对,但是他们都尽可能支持西藏佛教,这种现象在五台山上尤为明显。1406年,永乐帝翻新和扩建了圆照寺,甚至还邀请了第五世噶玛巴·德新谢巴(西元1384-1415)参观他的宫廷。之后,人们制作了噶玛巴的雕像,并将它放在五台山上的显通寺。另外,这位皇帝还代表第五世噶玛巴捐款,而此善款在西元1407年用于翻新大白塔。后来,宗喀巴大师杰出的弟子释迦智(西元1354-1435)也在显通寺和圆照寺住了4年。在那期间,建立了五、六座寺院,并致力于引进格鲁派到该处。

Statue of Chakzampa Tangtong Gyelpo

唐東杰布(西元1361-1485)塑像

当宣德皇帝(西元1426-1435)任命圆照寺的住持管理五台山的中国和西藏佛教事务,西藏佛教格鲁派因此在明朝产生了极大的影响。这个决定具有重大意义,因为那意味着圆照寺为中国公认的第一主要格鲁派寺院。另一位来五台山闭关修行的西藏重要人物是唐東杰布(西元1361-1485)。除了闭关禅修以外,他还口传持诵文殊名号的经典,即《文殊真实名经》。当唐東杰布在五台山上禅修时,他亲见文殊菩萨,并得到其指导兴建风水中心点来遏制四大元素。由于他亲见文殊菩萨,所以他变得更加有声望。

 

清朝

Qing Dynasty map of Mount Wutai

清朝时期的五台山地图。点击放大图片

西元1644年明朝衰落后,满洲人夺取了中国的权利并建立了清朝。满洲人是东北平原的牧民。他们认为他们的帝王都是文殊菩萨的化身。清朝时期,五台山引起了朝廷的注意,相对之前的朝代而言,清朝享有更多的自主权。

满洲人受元朝忽必列汗及其精神导师秋吉八思巴·洛珠坚赞成功联盟的启发,决定在他们的朝廷中使用此有效的模式。满洲皇帝用精神术语宣称他们自己是忽必列汗的合适继承人,意味着他们也是文殊菩萨的化身。简而言之,他们宣称自己是忽必列汗转世而来的,再次使帝王与西藏佛教之间的界限变得模糊。满洲人利用西藏佛教拉近与蒙古人相似之处,这至关重要,因为在17世纪和18世纪宗教’传承‘被视为政治合法性的有力象征。满洲人如同蒙古人一般,也是中国的少数民族。这个事实可能很容易让他们觉得自己是外人。因此,他们认为信奉西藏佛教是确保人们他们是中国的一份子,而非单纯侵略者的战略之举。

1635年,满洲人还进一步将其种族名称女真族改为“满族”,以确认他们与文殊菩萨之间的密切关系。此外,康熙皇帝(西元1661–1723在位)在介绍正式的西藏大藏经蒙古文翻译版时,宣称自己是文殊菩萨的化身:

“接着,文殊菩萨·世间解·正遍知,化现为人,登上金刚无畏狮子宝座,亦即救助及给大千世界带来快乐的康熙皇帝——文殊菩萨……”

Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty

被视为文殊菩萨化身的清朝康熙皇帝(约1661-1723)。点击放大图片

康熙皇帝至少朝圣到五台山五次,以显示他对文殊菩萨的绝对忠诚及其与文殊菩萨这位国家精神保护者的密切关系。清朝期间,五台山上的寺院和庙宇可自由管理各寺的事务,而西藏和蒙古僧侣则在朝廷内享有特权。西元1655年,康熙皇帝还派遣40名蒙古喇嘛去五台山。西元1683至1705年,在他充分的财力支持下,10座中国佛教寺院改型为西藏和蒙古佛教寺院。另外,清朝皇帝还把五台山上西藏和中国佛教团体“宗教和世俗事务主管”一职授予菩萨顶寺来自蒙古的扎萨克喇嘛。

明朝期间,朝廷并不支持印刷五台山胜地的旅游手册。相反的,在清朝期间,朝廷则极力支持出版五台山中文的旅游手册。有人可能认为:当时采取这个行动是为了传达康熙皇帝为文殊菩萨化身的讯息。

康熙皇帝的孙子乾隆也任命章嘉呼图克图·若必多吉(章嘉若必多吉)(西元1717-1786)作为康熙皇帝的导师。章嘉若必多吉是18世纪亚洲腹地和中国最具影响力的喇嘛。他在五台山西藏佛教的弘扬扮演极其重要的角色。那时,章嘉若必多吉的权力相等于达赖喇嘛,因为他负责西藏东部所有格鲁派的事务。与此同时,章嘉若必多吉也给皇上政治上的建议,包括清朝西藏和中国的制度。

章嘉若必多吉自幼就与王子们,如乾隆,一起学习佛教经典和中文、蒙古文、满文和藏文。由于他与王子们的关系亲近,所以可以在朝廷扮演重要的角色,包含朝廷顾问要职,所以能够在西藏和蒙古政策形成之际给予指示。此政策主要凸显忽必列汗的遗产,特别是他们与文殊菩萨相关的内容。

章嘉若必多吉把注意力放在五台山西藏和蒙古佛教的特质,而且亲自监督6座寺院的运作。另外,他也写了一篇给西藏佛教徒的朝圣指南,名为《清凉山圣地朝圣指南》。这篇指南被译成蒙古文,而且积极地推广于蒙古和西藏朝圣者之中。章嘉若必多吉从西元1750年开始在殊像寺连续过了36个夏天,闭关修行,直到1786年圆寂为止。

章嘉若必多吉与乾隆皇帝之间的檀越和法师大的关系,以及秋吉八思巴·洛珠坚赞与忽必列汗的关系有惊人的相似之处,特别是章嘉若必多吉在西元1745年给乾隆皇帝转轮圣王的佛教之后。秋吉八思巴·洛珠坚赞也给忽必列汗相同的灌顶。西元1753年,章嘉若必多吉也把秋吉八思巴·洛珠坚赞的传记翻译成蒙古文。人们认为章嘉若必多吉和乾隆皇帝是秋吉八思巴·洛珠坚赞和忽必列汗的转世。因此,他们的行为举止与他们前世的完全一样。西元1786年,章嘉若必多吉圆寂于五台山,其舍利及舍利塔安放在镇海寺。

西元1840年代,清朝面临经济危机,主要原因是因为偏低的税率,但是人口则是前所未有的迅速成长。这次经济危机导致五台山的运作资金不足。在这种情况下,僧侣不得不到中国境外、蒙古,甚至布里亚特募款。这个方法后来证实是成功的。僧侣们带着牲畜、金子和银子回到蒙古。蒙古人这段艰难时期给予的协助让五台山的僧侣与和蒙古人民建立了密切的联系。当五台山的僧侣得知蒙古王室前往五台山时,会亲自去边境接见他们,而且会在去五台山的途中照顾他们。

 

章嘉若必多吉(西元1717-1786)

Changkya Hutuktu Rolpai Dorje

清朝乾隆皇帝的上师——章嘉若必多吉(西元1717-1786)。点击放大图片

章嘉若必多吉于西元1717年第4个月的第10天,在甘肃兰州附近出生。他还是个小男孩的时候,第一世嘉木样协巴就认证他为安多佑宁寺前世章嘉呼图克图的化身。佑宁寺是西藏北部四大格鲁派寺庙之一。清朝军队与其叛徒在安多战斗期间,章嘉若必多吉遇到雍正帝(约西元1722-1735)。雍正帝下令把年仅7岁的章嘉若必多吉带到他的皇宫来,训练他作为清朝统治者及西藏安多和蒙古佛教徒之间的桥梁。章嘉若必多吉负责把格鲁派文本翻译成中文和蒙古文,以弘扬教法。在朝廷学习期间,他成了之后可能成为乾隆皇帝(约西元1735-1796)的弘历皇子的好友。西元1744年,乾隆皇帝将北京雍和宫改为藏传佛教格鲁派寺院。自此,雍和宫也是章嘉若必多吉的驻锡寺及用来招待其它来自安多和蒙古的高僧的场所。

Emperor Qianlong as an emanation of Manjushri

被描绘为文殊菩萨化身的乾隆皇帝(约西元1735-1796)。点击放大图片

应乾隆皇帝之请,章嘉若必多吉就如何皈依三宝和藏语语法上给予个人意见。西元1745年,他为乾隆皇帝传授密续教法,并为皇帝授予其本尊胜乐金刚灌顶。乾隆皇帝接受灌顶后对章嘉大师说: “章嘉国师从前是朕之上师,现在成为朕之金刚阿阇黎。”另外,章嘉大师在提出乾隆皇帝就是文殊菩萨化身这一观点中发挥了重要作用。乾隆御容佛装像显示了乾隆皇帝为忽必烈汗的精神传人。这些图像也都突显了乾隆皇帝与文殊菩萨的相似之处,乾隆皇帝被绘成手持文殊菩萨的般若波罗蜜经和智慧火焰剑。章嘉若必多吉的文字著作共七大卷,约两百多篇。此外,他还负责监督将108卷甘珠尔译成满文及将224卷丹珠尔译成蒙古文,以弘扬西藏佛教。

 

第6世达赖喇嘛流放五台山

The 6th Dalai Lama, Tsangyang Gyatso

六世达赖尊者仓央嘉措

第6世达赖喇嘛仓央嘉措(西元1683-1706)是一为备受争议的人物。相对宗教职务,他更喜欢箭术和女人。然而,这些爱好险些要了他的命,因为按原订计划,他本该在被羁押往京城途中遭谋杀,因为康熙皇帝认为他是一位不合格的僧人。据说是文殊菩萨救了他一命。他随后与一名女随从在五台山上的一处洞穴禅修,过着流放生活。这个洞穴被称为观音洞,如今已成了一个著名的朝圣地。

Avalokiteshvara Cave. According to the legend, the 6th Dalai Lama spent his time in meditation inside this cave.

观音洞。据说6世达赖尊者曾在此洞中禅修

 

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五台山

Mount Wutai

五台山

五台山是一个著名的朝圣地,每年迎来许多来自世界各地、背景各异的游客。这是奉行宗教间相互包容和谅解的地方,因为五台山本身自古就受到来自中国、蒙古和西藏各佛教流派和文化的影响。

A pilgrim prostrating on Mount Wutai

在五台山上跪拜的朝圣者

目前,许多朝圣者每年都会到五台山礼佛,为自己和已故亲人累积功德。此外,他们也会祈求菩萨协助他们实现各种世俗愿望,例如财富、好运、净业和疗愈等。直至今天,一些来自中国和蒙古的虔诚朝圣者依然一路跪拜上五台山,整个行程可能要花上好几年。

五台山上依然保留着一些历经时间考验,依然屹立不倒的最早期神圣建筑。其中包括建于西元857年,被誉为中国最古老木制建筑之一的佛光寺大殿,以及建于西元782年,于1974至1975年间翻修的南禅寺大殿等。

 

五台山位置

五台山位于山西省东北部,离山西省省会太原市约250公里(143英里)。其总覆盖面积为2873平方公里(1762平方英里),五大峰分别位于东、南、西、北和中部,形成一幅和谐的美景。朝圣者也因此可以在不同的山峰上,从各种角度享受五峰令人叹为观止的美景。五座山峰分别是:东台望海峰、西台挂月峰、南台锦绣峰、北台叶斗峰和中台翠岩峰。

 

东台望海峰

Wanghai Peak, the eastern peak of Mount Wutai

五台山东台望海峰

望海峰位于五台县台怀镇东1公里(0.6英里)处。望海峰海拔2795米(9169英尺),从锋顶可远眺大海。拂晓日出期间,游客可站在山峰上欣赏万道金光和云雾缭绕的美景。据说,望海锋上住着四臂文殊菩萨或聪明文殊菩萨。建于此锋上的望海寺内就供有聪明文殊菩萨像。

 

西台挂月峰

Guayue Peak, the western peak of Mount Wutai

五台山西台挂月峰

挂月峰位于台怀镇以西13公里(8.1英里)处,海拔2773米(9097英尺)。登挂月峰的最佳时间是月圆之夜。这时,游客可以欣赏茂密松林上方宁静的月景。 据载,骑着狮子的狮吼文殊菩萨就居住在这座山峰上。建于此锋的法雷寺内供奉着狮吼文殊像。

 

南台锦绣峰

Jinxiu Peak, the southern peak of Mount Wutai

五台山南台锦绣峰

锦绣峰位于台怀镇以南12公里(7.5英里)处,海拔2485米(8152英尺)。 游客在锦绣峰顶端可以欣赏到整座山峰上七彩缤纷的芳香花朵。五月初至八月末是游览此峰的最佳时间。这时,多数花朵都将盛开,芳香四溢。据说,白身智慧文殊菩萨就住在这座山峰上。建于此锋的普济寺内就供奉着智慧文殊菩萨像。

 

北台叶斗峰

Yedou Peak, the northern peak of Mount Wutai

五台山北台叶斗峰

叶斗峰为五台山之巅,海拔3058米(10032英尺)。这座山峰位于台怀镇以北5公里(3.2英里)处。站在峰上可俯瞰300多平方米(984.3平方英尺)的天然大池及翠绿无际的山林。据说,无垢文殊菩萨居于此锋。峰顶灵应寺內就供着一尊无垢文殊菩萨像。

 

中台翠岩峰

Cuiyan Peak, the central peak of Mount Wutai

五台山中台翠岩峰

翠岩峰又名翠石峰,海拔2894米(9.494英尺)。锋上岩石表面覆满青苔,在光的反射下,仿佛蛟龙腾起,人们也因此称这些岩石为“龙翻石”。据说,手持宝剑的孺童文殊菩萨居于此峰。演教寺就建在这里,内供孺童文殊菩萨像。

 

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主要遗址

五台山上有超过53处朝圣地。这些朝圣地包括著名的大白塔、南山寺、显通寺、菩萨顶和佛光寺等。

 

五台山台内佛寺

五台山台内有许多佛寺和山洞,包括显通寺、殊像寺、寿宁寺、碧山寺、普化寺、黛螺顶、栖贤寺、十方堂、广宗寺、佑国寺、观音洞、龙华寺、罗睺寺、金阁寺、湛山寺、万佛寺、观海寺、竹林寺、集福寺和古佛寺等。

 

五台山台外佛寺

五台山台外佛寺更多,包括延庆寺、南禅寺、秘密寺、岩山寺、尊圣寺和广济寺等。

以下所列为一些五台山名胜的资料:

 

塔院寺大白塔

The Great White Pagoda

大白塔

阿育王在位期间,在世界各地建造了84000座白塔,每座白塔都藏有佛舍利。 据说,西元60年代,汉明帝梦到了印度的一位证悟者,因而派遣了一群人去寻找这位大师。当他们抵达当今阿富汗时,除了取得许多佛教经典和佛像,他们还与两名印度尊者会面,其中一位就是摩腾尊者。 汉朝代表邀请这两位印度尊者前往中国。尊者们抵达中国后就去了五台山。两位尊者透过天眼通发现文殊菩萨居住此地,且那座最初由阿育王所造的白塔中还藏有佛舍利。此白塔名慈寿塔,元朝期间,在秋吉八思巴洛卓门徒阿尼哥这位尼泊尔艺术家和蒙古御用建筑师的帮助和设计下,建造了一座50米(164英尺)高的大白塔,慈寿塔就置于塔腹中。在这之前的22年前,即西元1279年,阿尼哥也曾在北京建造了一座类似的大白塔来纪念元朝的成立。

Buddha Shakyamuni’s footprints replica in one of the shrines at the base of the Great White Stupa.

大白塔塔基一佛坛上供奉的释迦牟尼佛脚印(复制)

大白塔原属显通寺,但在西元1407年,明永乐帝命重修白塔,并独立起寺。1579年,朝廷再下御旨重修和翻新该寺。西元1952年,在中国人民政府的支助下,寺院再度翻修。

这座瓶式白塔乃根据藏式佛塔结构而建,而非沿用中国传统的宝塔结构。塔体由砖块砌成;下为石砌八角基座,上为圆锥形风磨铜塔刹。塔身白抹白灰,表面设计庄严细致,垂挂许多精致铜饰。宝盖和尖顶由铜鎏金构成。大白塔也被称为阿育王塔、释迦文佛真身舍利塔和大慈延寿宝塔。

Pilgrims turned the prayer wheels at the base of the Great White Stupa.

朝圣者转动大白塔塔基上的转经轮

白塔四周环绕着西藏转经轮,塔底座设有几个小佛坛。其中一个佛坛供着刻有佛足印的石碑。传说释迦牟尼佛涅槃之前,将其足印留在印度,并向弟子阿难说:“我最后留此足迹,以示众生。谁见到此足印,瞻礼供养,就能免罪消灾。”唐玄奘到印度取经时,把这佛足印也拓下带回,唐太宗敕令将佛足刻在石上。

 

文殊发塔

Manjushri’s Hair Stupa

文殊发塔

大白塔附近,有一座较小,约4.57米(15英尺)高的佛塔,其中藏有文殊菩萨的头发。传说几百年前,显通寺在农历三月举办了一场“无遮斋会”,前来供养的施主们都能享用免费斋食。当时会场来了一位一手拖着一个孩子,一手抱着婴儿,后面还跟着一条狗的高龄孕妇。妇人由于身上没钱,就剪下头发当作供养,还要提前取得食物。一名僧人给了她和大孩子一人一份斋食。妇女不满足,要求给她的婴儿也来一份。僧人虽然有些不满,但还是多给了妇女一份斋食。然而,妇女竟开口要求给尾随她来的那条狗也来一份。僧人恼怒了,责备这位妇女贪得无厌。这时,那条狗突然变成了一头雪狮。小孩和婴儿也变成了天上的童子,而那位妇女则变成了文殊菩萨,并吟了二段偈文:“苦瓜连根苦,甜瓜彻蒂甜,三界无着处,致使阿师嫌!”“众生学平等,心随万境波,百骸俱舍尽,其如憎爱何!”说完,四人就在千多名与会者面前腾空消失了。在场者无不惊讶,纷纷下跪顶礼。

The memorial plate that illustrates the story of the old woman who transformed into Manjushri.

纪念妇女化为文殊菩萨故事的石碑

那位责备妇女的僧人为自己无法辨认出眼前的智慧佛而深深忏悔,企图剜目谢罪,却被众人阻止,并建议他建造一座佛塔供奉这位妇女留下的头发。对某些人而言,这只是一撮普通的头发,但对另一些人而言,它却像珍贵的金缕。 此事发生时,显通寺和塔院寺属同一寺院管理,因此白塔就建在事发地点塔院寺。负责建塔的那位僧人制作了一面纪念碑,碑上绘有妇女化身文殊菩萨腾空而起的图像,意在提醒朝圣者和观光客不要以貌取人,而要平等尊重和慈悲对待每名众生。这面纪念碑目前树立在圆照寺入口处。

 

圆照寺

Yuanzhao Temple

圆照寺

明朝永乐皇帝在位期间(约西元1402-1424年),印度一位高僧室利沙到中国弘法。永乐帝封他国师,并赐予金印、旌幢。室利沙高僧随后建造了圆照寺。他圆寂后,他的舍利被分别供奉在两座舍利塔内。其中一座舍利塔位于北京附近,另一座则设于圆照寺大殿。许多来五台山朝圣的藏人都会在塔前念诵文殊名号一万遍,以增加智慧。

宗喀巴大师的弟子释迦智(色拉寺的创建者),来到中国后,曾到五台山为中国僧侣授沙弥戒和比丘戒。人们常将此誉为格鲁传承在中国扩展的开始。西元1429年,释迦智应宣德帝(约西元1425至1435)之请,为相继驾崩的永乐帝及其子洪熙帝(约西元1424-1425)做法事祭祀荐福。法事期间,出现了许多吉兆,如天现彩虹和花雨等。宣德帝因此对释迦智信任有加,并赐他大慈法王的称号。

Yuanzhao Temple

圆照寺

 

罗睺寺

Luohou Temple

罗睺寺

罗睺寺建于唐朝。据说,罗睺寺建于文殊菩萨在此讲经说法时神灯出现的原址。寺院以释迦牟尼佛之子罗睺罗的名字来命名,此寺名也有着“佛普渡众生之地”的含义。

主寺有六个院落、16个殿堂和百多间房。据《中国日报》报道:

“该寺最著名的大藏经楼里的‘开花现佛’。这是一个三米高的木制莲花,底下圆盘雕上水浪图、十八罗汉、四大天王等图像。木莲花做工精致,启动机关时,莲花‘绽放’,可见四尊金黄色阿弥陀佛像相背而坐,相当壮观。关闭机关时,莲瓣则会闭合,将阿弥陀佛像包裹其中。有缘看到莲花里阿弥陀佛像的藏传佛教徒,将之视为与佛有缘或好运临头的象征。”

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/m/shanxi/wutaishan/2015-02/09/content_19533210.htm

罗睺寺内还有一个密续殿堂,供奉大威德金刚、大黑天护法、密集金刚、胜乐金刚、嘎拉路巴和吉祥天母。罗睺寺为著名的朝圣地,尤其备受蒙古人欢迎。

Luohou Temple

罗睺寺

 

南山寺

You Guo Si – The Temple of Blessed Nation

佑国寺

南山寺建于元朝,是五台山的大佛寺。寺院共有七层,分为三大部分:

  1. 上三层名佑国寺。
  2. 中一层名善德堂。
  3. 下三层名极乐寺。

据说,南山寺是那个区域最中庄严美丽的寺院。寺内没有任何英文招牌,且禁止在家众留宿。这项条例促使该寺拥有特别肃穆庄严的寺院氛围。

Sculpted bridge at Nanshan Temple

南山寺内的石雕桥

 

显通寺

Xiantong Temple

显通寺

迄今为止,显通寺是五台山上最大最古老的寺庙。据说,当年应明朝皇帝使节之邀前来中国的两位印度尊者,以慧眼观出五台山为智慧佛文殊菩萨的道场,想在山上建立佛寺,却因该区域为道教的根据地而波折重重。为了调解这个情况,明帝召集诸道士与二尊者赛法,要他们分别把经书放在不同的平台上焚烧。道教经文全被焚毁,佛经却烈火不烧,明帝见此,特赐尊者二人在五台山建寺的权利。

显通寺因所在地与印度灵鹫峰极为相似,故原名灵鹫寺。汉明帝为显弘信,将其重新命名为大孚灵鹫寺。清康熙年间,改名为大显通寺。北魏孝文帝(约西元471-499)时期,曾对这座寺庙进行大扩建,兴建了前有花园的12院。因此,这座寺庙也被称为花园寺。

Another side of Xiantong Temple

显通寺的另一角

显通寺共有大小建筑400多间,多为明、清两朝的建筑。寺内有三个明朝期间建造的纯铜大殿,刻有精致的佛像。寺旁还有两座于明朝期间建造的13层高青铜塔。塔身铸满佛像、图案和各种铭刻。该寺的无量殿内供有无量佛,且保存着珍稀的《华严经》字塔。

寺庙铜殿的外观为双檐歇山顶。铜殿大小与精雕佛像成和谐比例。大殿内壁铸满万尊金光闪闪的小佛像。此外,寺院范围内还保存着明代建立的两座铜制佛塔。

The Copper Hall of Xiantong Temple

显通寺铜殿

 

广宗寺

Guangzong Temple

广宗寺

The stupa that contains Venerable Fazun’s relics.

藏有法尊法师舍利的白塔

广宗寺是建于西元1507年的一座中国格鲁派传统寺庙。寺内有一座高5.5米(18英尺),供有20世纪佛教大师法尊(西元1902-1980年)舍利的佛塔。 1920年,法尊年仅18岁时,前来广宗寺出家。1924年,他就读其师大勇法师创办的佛教藏文学院,修学一年余后,法尊前往西藏继续研修佛法。十年后法尊法师返回中国,致力将许多藏文格鲁经典译成中文,其中包括宗喀巴大师的《菩提道次第广论》。他的译作为西藏佛教在中国的发展奠定了基础。

 

菩萨顶寺

Pusa Ding Monastery

菩萨顶寺

菩萨顶寺位于五台山的中台 。据《清凉山志》记载,该寺的第一座殿堂文殊院于北魏(西元x386年-534年)孝文皇帝在位的期间建造。此建设是因为文殊菩萨频繁出现在该处。之后,睿宗皇帝(西元662-716)命令塑造一个文殊菩萨的法像,但事实证明这是一项颇有挑战性的工作。雕刻家安生无法在无裂痕的情况下完成文殊菩萨的雕像,只能在请示文殊菩萨之后完成。在明代永乐皇帝期间,该寺被命名为菩萨顶寺(也被称为文殊顶寺)。

The entrance to Pusa Ding Temple.

菩萨顶入口

菩萨顶位于五台山中台。据《清凉山志》(西元1057-1063)记载,由于文殊菩萨频频显灵,菩萨顶初建于北魏孝文帝时期,称“大文殊院”。后唐睿宗帝(西元662-716)令塑一文殊像,事实证明这是一项颇有挑战性的工作。雕塑师安生根据心中文殊形象,先后雕塑七次,却是七塑七裂,后在他虔诚祈请下,文殊现真容,他才依此完成文殊塑像。明永乐帝期间,该寺被改名为“大文殊寺”,又称“菩萨顶”。

菩萨顶内的“大文殊殿”,为珍藏永乐版(西元1410年)《甘珠尔》的首个佛殿。同一版本《甘珠尔》也收藏在罗睺寺内。

清顺治年间(西元1644-1661),菩萨顶被大事翻新,改为接待西藏高僧的寺院。与其他寺院不同,菩萨顶被铺上象征皇室的金黄色屋瓦。这是因为清康熙帝和乾隆帝分别在四度和二度到此朝拜时,曾先后在此留宿。

据说,康熙帝到五台山朝拜时,曾遇一僧在此裸浴,旁边还有几位妇女,状甚不雅。康熙愤怒拔箭,射中僧人右肩。僧人起身逃跑,康熙沿着血迹找去,来到了菩萨顶大殿西配殿,发现文殊像右肩上有一箭。康熙这才恍然大悟,原来那位僧人就是文殊化身,特意现身引导他前来亲睹日渐残败的寺院。康熙于是恩准拨款修寺,这尊佛像也因此闻名起来。西元1908年,十三世达赖尊者因不忍文殊圣像上插着箭,将箭拔出。

文殊殿内有一画,相传为乾隆皇帝所绘菩提树图之复制品。西元1780年,至尊六世班禅进京祝贺乾隆七十圣寿。为表对上师的敬意,乾隆帝穿上在家众的黄色法衣,画了这幅菩提树图,送给了班禅大师。

 

碧山十方普济禅寺(碧山寺)

The entrance to Bishan Temple.

碧山寺入口

碧山寺初建于北魏孝文帝时期,后于清康熙帝在位时重建。碧山寺拥有独特的传统,方丈由僧人选出,在任期间不能收徒,以确保寺院始终归驻寺僧人管制。对于前来拜访的他寺僧人,碧山寺不仅提供免费住宿,在僧人离开前,寺院还经常为他们准备盘缠。

 

白云寺

Baiyun Temple

白云寺

白云寺始建于唐朝,由一位名道台的官员所建,感谢文殊菩萨为母治病。据说,道台因母病重,到处寻医无果。一日,偶遇一僧,预言其母命在旦夕。 道台知此僧断非凡人,恳请为母治病。僧人随道台回家,在其母身上划了一些手势。不久,其母病愈。道台十分感谢,问僧人来自何处。僧人回答:贫僧为五台山白云寺僧人。为表谢意,道台到五台山寻找白云寺,却遍寻不获。在他即将放弃时,天空浮现一朵白云,状似莲花,文殊菩萨骑狮现身云端。道台恍然大悟,知道僧人为文殊化身,而自己则该在当地建一所寺院,于是便发心修建了这座五台山白云寺。

西元18世纪,白云寺经历一场大火和数次天灾侵袭,文革时期更惨遭人为破坏,使寺院严重损坏。为了恢复寺院昔日辉煌,白云寺住持昌隆法师发起复建提议,15年来,不仅逐步重拾寺院光辉,白云寺目前也已成了一所僧尼庵。

Bodhisattva Pavilion at Baiyun Temple.

白云寺菩萨亭

One of the halls at Baiyun Temple.

白云寺殿堂之一

Buddha images at the Pureland Rebirths Hall, Baiyun Temple.

白云寺其中一个净宗佛殿内的佛像

 

佛母洞

Fomu Cave during winter time.

冬季的佛母洞

Fomu Cave

佛母洞

佛母洞是一个天然形成的三角形洞穴。人们普遍相信,内穴是金刚瑜伽母子宫的化现。据说,当年章嘉若必多吉在此穴内禅修时曾亲见金刚瑜伽母:

“在洞穴入口处的石壁顶部,可见一个天然形成的三角形洞口,由一狭窄通道直通内穴,象征经金刚瑜伽母(金刚亥母)子宫产道诞生。据称,内穴宛如子宫,石性结构如肋骨和器官,而通道则形如阴道。乾隆皇帝的上师,著名的章嘉仁波切(章嘉若必多吉)在此修那洛传承金刚瑜伽母法门,证得内空性净土境界。他从山洞出来时,观见了金刚瑜伽母;对他而言,他所见到的每一个人都是勇士和空行母,所到之处也都是本尊的坛城。人们可在洞穴内陈设供品,在穴外进行空行母荟供或其他修持。不久前,一群人在此修荟供,天上突然降下花雨和小冰雹。当地人对此津津乐道了好几天。”

http://www.b-i-a.net/Wutaisan.htm

Instructions on how to get into Fomu Cave.

佛母洞入洞图解

1996年,一位名叫悲月的法师集资了一百多万人民币,建了一条通往这个洞穴的路。 据一位协助朝圣者进入洞穴的僧人迪鲁瓦呼图克图说:

“要进入洞穴,朝圣者首先要把右臂和头先伸进去。僧人会站在洞穴下方,面朝入口。游客则踩在僧人肩上,伸长右臂,把右肩挤进去,再借助脚顶僧人肩膀的力量,把自己完全挤入洞内。

这时,朝圣者将置身一个被喻为宫颈,长三尺、高一尺,狭窄却越来越宽敞的通道。通道向左侧弯曲,通向一个可容纳两个人站立的内穴。中央有一佛坛,上面供奉着度母或观音,两者都是象征慈悲和救度的佛母。”

沙怡然《朝圣中的游牧者:中国五台山中的蒙古人,1800-1940》

西元1846年,蒙古僧人噶隆伦珠在慈福寺绘制了一幅五台山地图。这幅地图被称为慈福寺地图。地图标识了五台山范围内约130座寺院的位置,还附上题词、菩萨化身图、仪式、朝圣活动和节庆等。在地图上,佛母洞附近还绘了一尊金刚亥图像。沙怡然在其著作《朝圣中的游牧者:中国五台山中的蒙古人,1800-1940》中提到:

……慈福寺地图描绘了一尊红色赤裸金刚亥母的形象,正在洞穴下方的镇海寺上空的云层上饮用骷髅杯中血液的情景。

由于佛母洞与金刚亥母有关,许多朝圣者每年都会前去拜访这神圣的佛母洞。

Cifusi map that contain an image of Vajrayogini near the Fomu Cave.

慈福寺地图上佛母洞旁的金刚瑜伽母画像。点击放大图片

 

佛光寺

Foguang Temple

佛光寺

佛光寺离山西省五台县豆村镇约五公里,建于唐朝(西元857年)。寺内主要有两个大殿,东大殿建于西元857年,文殊殿则建于西元1137年。中国现存第二古老的佛塔,建于西元六世纪的祖师塔就矗立在东大殿南边。人们普遍相信佛塔内为寺院创始人之墓。佛塔呈白色六角形,以莲花瓣为饰。

The Zushi Pagoda

祖师塔

佛光寺始建于北魏时期,耗时35年(约785-820年)方始竣工。唐武宗(约西元840-846)大举灭佛,于西元845年一把火将之烧毁,只剩祖师塔还留存下来。西元857年,在女施主宁公遇的资助下,寺院得以重建。重建工作主要集中于东大殿。西元10世纪,佛光寺画像重现在敦煌莫高窟第61窟的壁画上,突显出佛光寺作为佛教主要朝圣地的地位。

西元1137年,即晋朝期间(西元1115-1234年),文殊殿和普贤殿分别在佛光寺的北部和南部落成。清朝期间,普贤殿不幸被烧毁。文殊殿大小与东大殿相近,建在一个高83厘米(2.7英尺)的平台上。前方有三门,中后方有一门。殿顶为具有特色的单檐歇山顶结构。四面墙上的阿罗汉壁画,绘于西元1429年明朝宣德年间。

建于西元1137年的文殊殿

东大殿建于寺院最东边的一个大石台上。其结构之简单令人侧目,仅由内、外两圈柱子围成,这更衬托出大殿屋顶结构之复杂,小方格状天花板将梁架几乎完全覆盖。

大殿每面墙上都有36幅可追溯至唐朝及后期的雕像和壁画。大殿中央供着三尊坐在莲座上的大佛像,分别是释迦牟尼佛、阿弥陀佛和弥勒佛。每尊佛像旁皆有数尊胁侍菩萨和供养菩萨。佛坛两侧分别还有骑着狮子的文殊菩萨和骑着象的普贤菩萨。此外,在这艺术风味极为浓厚的大殿内,还有一幅描绘佛教故事的大型壁画。

 

南禅寺

The Great Buddha Hall of Nanchan Temple

南禅寺大佛殿

南禅寺位于五台山豆村镇附近。寺院建于西元782年唐朝期间,被视为研究唐代建筑的重要实物。寺内珍藏着精致唐代雕塑,具有重要的历史和艺术价值。大佛殿是中国现存最古老的木结构建筑。唐武宗于西元845年灭佛,大佛殿因地处偏远而得以幸存。大佛殿内共有17座佛教雕像和一小型石塔。

Buddha Shakyamuni statue inside the Great Buddha Hall

大佛殿内的释迦牟尼佛像

南禅寺内的17尊佛像排列成倒“U”形,皆为唐代雕塑。大殿中间有一尊大型释迦牟尼佛像,盘坐在雕上阿修罗和狮子的法座上。大殿的最左边为一尊大型普贤菩萨骑象像,最右边则是大尊的文殊菩萨狮像。此外,殿内还有佛陀两大弟子阿难尊者和迦叶尊者、二天王、二胁侍菩萨和二供养菩萨的塑像。此外,殿内还有一座小型五层高石塔,每一层上都刻着佛像。

 

普寿寺

Pushou Nunnery

普寿寺尼众佛学院

普寿寺初建于宋朝(西元960-1279年)。20世纪初,普寿寺由云丹喇嘛重建后,献于13世达赖尊者。尊者在此弘扬教法长达半年。文革期间,寺院被毁,改为医院。

1991年,如瑞法师将医院改造成尼众佛学院。今天,普寿寺尼众佛学院内约住着1300位僧尼。

Students line up in front of Pushou Nunnery’s main hall.

俗家弟子们在普寿寺尼众佛学院大殿前列队

Venerable Ru Rui, the founder of Pushou Nunnery.

普寿寺尼众佛学院创办人——如瑞法师

 

金刚窟

Buddhapali’s meeting with an old man who was the emanation of Manjushri on Mount Wutai.

佛陀波利(觉护)在五台山上遇见文殊菩萨化身的老者

金刚窟是唐朝时期在五台山上所发掘的第一个洞窟。赞颂五台山景观的敦煌本《五台山赞》中记载了一则与金刚窟有关的有趣故事。西元七世纪末,一位名佛陀波利(觉护)的僧人到五台山朝拜。佛陀波利在那里遇见了一位老者,请求他返回家乡寻找一份名为《佛顶尊胜陀罗尼经》的尊圣佛母经。佛护应老者要求返乡寻经,并将经文带回来。文殊菩萨以真身示现,向他表示感谢,并领他来到金刚窟。据说,佛陀波利至今依然隐居此穴。

据《丝绸之路的地图与图片之旅》(The Journey of Maps and Images on the Silk Road)记载,文殊菩萨因佛陀波利在首次见面时就对他敬重有加,因而以真身示现:

第一次见面时,佛陀波利并不知道老者的身份。然而,正因他尊重老者且愿意满足老者要求,才让他享有亲见文殊真身的殊荣。这个故事提醒人们不要被世俗表相所迷惑,坚守信念必能带来回报。

 

黛螺顶

Dailuo Peak

黛螺顶

黛螺顶也被称为大螺顶,因为其顶有个部分看起来像一个巨大的螺壳。黛螺顶上还有一座与其同名并藏有五尊文殊菩萨化身雕像的寺院。每尊雕像都安放与五大山峰相对应的位置。

西元1781年,乾隆皇帝朝圣到五台山。由于天气不佳与其它不利的环境因素,未能如期拜访五大山峰。乾隆皇帝因此感到沮丧,想知道他是否因为业力而没能到达五大山峰,所以请示五台山其中一座寺院的住持,并要求他确保在接下来的五年,乾隆皇帝能够实现他礼拜五大文殊菩萨的愿望。该寺的沙弥建议乾隆皇帝在五台山较低之处另外兴建一座寺院和塑造五尊文殊菩萨化身的复制版,而那个地点足以让乾隆皇帝在朝圣之际受到生理上的挑战。住持赞同这个想法,并选了黛螺顶为这座新寺院的地点。西元1786年,乾隆皇帝重返五台山,而且对新建的寺院感到满意。自此,生理不便或者时间有限的朝圣者,可选择到这座寺院来礼拜五大文殊。

Dailuo Temple

黛螺顶

 

殊像寺

殊像寺最初建于唐代,寺内收有一尊9世纪骑狮的文殊菩萨像。跟据日本僧人円仁法师的日记记载,这尊文殊像是按照某雕塑家神通所见而塑造。依円仁法师的理解,纵使雕塑家天分过人,而且在塑造期间持戒,他尝试了六次,但每一次的结果都是塑像碎成一片。円仁法师记录到:

大师说……:“我谦卑地祈求尊贵的文殊菩萨显现于我眼前。若我得以亲见其金身,我将按照其显示般雕塑其像。”当他完成祈求后,在睁开眼睛之际,就看见骑在金狮上的文殊菩萨出现在他面前。接着,文殊菩萨登上五彩云,消失在空中。大师因得以亲见文殊菩萨而随喜,与此同时也泪流满面,因为他意识到之前所雕塑的都是不正确。后来,他按照自己亲见的去改变他之前雕塑的文殊菩萨像,必要时,加长或简短,加大或缩小原来的文殊像,以让雕像看起来与他亲见的一模一样。之后,再次尝试第七次,雕像不但没有裂开,而且过程非常顺利,如他所愿一切一一实现。”

白瑞霞《虚静帝国:清代中国的佛教艺术和政治权威》(Patricia Berger, Empire of Emptiness: Buddhist Art and Political Authority in Qing China)

A 9th century statue of Manjushri riding on a lion or also known as the Real Face Manjushri.

九世纪文殊骑狮像,也称文殊菩萨真容像

另外还有一个与这座寺院相关的有趣故事。在清朝的时候,有位公主的驸马因叛国而被处死。为了避免更多的耻辱,公主被流放到殊像寺生活。那时,寺院有位既年轻又英俊的僧人与公主做朋友。由于他们的关系很亲密,导致谣言开始传开说他们有暧昧的关系。于是,皇帝决定烧毁那座寺院,以终止那段关系和避免更多的谣言流传下去。

该寺所有的建筑都被烧毁,但僧人和公主用来讨论佛法的小室除外。皇帝意识到僧人为文殊菩萨的化身,而且公主是无辜的。因此,为了消除企图杀害觉悟者和公主的恶业,皇帝捐出不菲的善款重建这座寺院。自此,此寺就被称为无垢寺,以纪念公主和僧侣的关系。

 

般若泉

Banruo Spring

般若泉

般若泉位于殊像寺外牌的前下方。根据传说,古时候,这地方的僧侣必须长途跋涉取水。一位僧人决意听从圣者的意见,长诵金刚经求水。十年后,就在他即将完成念诵的前一天,一只老虎突然出现,他被吓得停止念诵而前功尽弃。几年后,另一位僧人也尝试用同样的方法念经求水,就在他完成十年金刚经念诵的前两天,一只老虎出现,但僧人不为所动。第二天,来了一个凶神,威胁他说若继续念诵就会将他杀死,僧人被吓得立刻中断念经求水闭关。许多年后,唐朝的另一位僧人为了帮助当地僧人,决定再进行金刚经闭关。咋他完成闭关的前两天,同样出现一只老虎,他没吓坏。到了最后一晚,凶神出现,他也不受影响。拂晓之前,一位长者走了过来告诫他,泉水出现之际,就是他圆寂之时,要他想清楚。但慈悲的僧人心意已决,宁可牺牲生命也要完成念诵。黎明时刻,泉水自他所坐的地方涌了出来,僧人见此哈哈大笑,骤然圆寂。僧人的慈悲,使得当地人们从此不再面对缺水问题。后人将这口泉称为般若泉。据说,般若泉的水是经文殊菩萨加持的,能增长人们的智慧。因此,它也被称为“万岁泉智慧水”或“五台圣水”。

许多信众从般若泉取水供佛,许多王亲贵族也都前来这里取水。

 

观音洞

Avalokiteshvara Cave

观音洞

观音洞又称栖贤寺。据说,这里是六世达赖尊者被康熙皇帝拯救后闭关六年的地方。观音洞前有一六角亭,名“飞来亭”。亭中横檀上有三幅画,第一幅画描绘观音显灵拯救一位即将被野兽攻击的人,第二幅画描绘观音显灵拯救一位即将被凶徒持刀杀害的人,第三幅画则描绘观音显灵拯救一个即将被敌人用大石砸害的人。观音洞正殿里供奉着一尊八臂十一面观音菩萨像。观音洞的石洞位于大殿后方,洞内仅能容一个人端坐。据说,观音菩萨曾在此显灵。六世达赖尊者到来之前,寺院僧侣必须从他处挑水,但自从尊者在此禅修后,面向石洞的左侧方就涌出了泉水。据说,此水味道甘甜,具有加持力,被视为“圣水”。十三世达赖尊者到五台山朝圣时也曾到此参拜。

 

镇海寺

镇海寺是格鲁派传统朝圣地。寺内藏有古印度时期佛像,如四臂观音男身像。此外,寺里还有一座供奉章嘉若必多吉舍利的章嘉佛塔,以及这位大师亲自栽种的一株松树。

The stupa that contains the relics of Changkya Rolpai Dorje and the pine tree that was planted by this great lama.

珍藏章嘉若必多吉舍利的佛塔,以及大师亲手种下的松树

寺院成立之前,这里原有一个海眼,常泛滥成灾,害死了很多人。一次,当大水再度来袭之际,当地许多人祈求文殊菩萨显灵来阻止这场洪灾。这时,天上突然出现一个大火球,划空而过,向该地降落。第二天,人们在海眼处发现一个大铜锅,堵住出水口,将海水镇住。为了纪念这件事,后人在那里建立了一所寺院,名为镇海寺。

西元1786年,乾隆皇帝为了纪念先师,在此建造了章嘉佛塔。章嘉大师圆寂前,曾嘱咐皇帝无需为他建立任何纪念碑。然而,大师圆寂后,乾隆皇帝依然坚持为先师打造了这座佛塔。佛塔内除了藏有章嘉若必多吉的舍利,塔基处还以重达70公斤的黄金加固,好让佛塔更经得起时间的考验。据说,自立塔以来,佛塔曾数度散发虹光祥瑞。

 

金阁寺

Jinge Temple

金阁寺

金阁寺是佛教大师道义于西元736年与另一位僧人来五台山朝圣后,于唐朝期间建造的。据东亚宗教研究学者苏珊安德鲁斯在其论文《陈述五台山的过去:中国与日本有关五台山灵验记的研究》中所述:“……道义散步时遇到了一位质朴的老僧,身旁跟着童子觉一。” 文中形容这次会面如下:

……童子呼唤道义,请他到东边的寺院喝茶。入寺礼佛后,道义只见大殿楼高三层,面宽九间,金碧辉煌,晃曜夺目。由于天冷难以入住,老僧请道义先回去,隔日早上再来。道义出寺走了百步,回头只见山林草木,寺院已不知所踪,方知那只是一座幻化出来的寺院。

道义法师将己所见,凭印象绘了一份详细的寺院图,献给了唐玄宗,并获得皇帝支持建立寺院。然而建寺工作历经数年,依然无法成事。直至密续大师不空再度向朝廷呈奏,奏本中提及道义法师和幻化寺:

“上件寺,先圣书额,寺宇未成。准开元二十四年衢州僧道义至台山所见文殊圣迹寺,号金阁院,有十三间居僧众,云有万人。台殿门楼兹金所作,登时图画一本,进入在内。天下百姓成欲金阁寺成,人谁不愿?……且五台灵山寺额有五:清凉、华严、佛光、玉花,四寺先成,独唯金阁一所未就。”

(白话译文:上述寺院,先帝已赐御匾,然而寺院尚未建成。准开元二十四年衢州僧人道义到五台山上,见到名为金阁院(寺)的文殊圣迹,寺院共有十三殿,容纳万名僧人。大殿楼门都是由纯金打造出来的。道义立刻把它画下来,呈上内宫。天下百姓都希望金阁寺能够建成,试问有谁不想要?目前五台灵山上有匾额的寺院共有五间,其中清凉寺、华严寺、佛光寺、玉华寺已经建成,就只剩下金阁寺尚未完成。)

西元766年,太宗皇帝批准了这项请求,并拨款建造金阁寺。金阁寺正殿供有一尊由老松树雕成,51英尺高的千手观音像。佛身由树干雕成,树枝则被塑成千个手臂。据说,这是该当地最大的观音像。

 

吉祥寺

吉祥寺在唐朝之前就已建成,曾先后翻建多次。寺内所供文殊菩萨像造型十分独特。文殊身着袈裟、面容生动,银须洒胸,手提灯笼,身骑虎背。传说康熙皇帝当年到五台山寻父顺治,在吉祥寺附近迷路,见一提红灯笼老者经过,遂趋前问路。老者引康熙到一寺后就不知所踪。康熙走入寺中,发现殿内文殊菩萨像手中也提着红灯笼,长相与老者极为相似。后人因此称此文殊像为“灯笼文殊”。

上世纪50至60年代期间,帕绷喀仁波切和康萨仁波切的弟子——能海大师曾在此驻锡弘法。能海大师对弘扬格鲁正法于汉地做出了伟大的贡献。

 

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五台山上的活动与庆典

 

五台山国际旅游月

时间:可能落在6月至9月间的任何一个月份

旅游月期间,朝圣者有机会亲睹僧众给修行者传授佛法教义及根据各传统进行法事。

 

跳布扎节

Monks performing the traditional demon pacifying dance during the Tiaobuza Festival

在跳布扎节期间表演传统降魔舞的僧侣

Painting depicting monks carrying a Maitreya statue on Mount Wutai

五台山僧人架弥勒佛像游行画像

时间:6月6日至15日

跳布扎是格鲁派的传统庆典。菩萨顶(五台山上的主要格鲁寺院)每年都会举办会最大规模的跳布扎活动。节庆期间,僧人们脸带面具跳起祭祀舞蹈,以平魔伏怪,消除修行上的障碍。接下来的一天,僧人们则会演奏法器,架着弥勒佛像绕山游行。

 

佛教文化节

Dance performance during the Buddhist Cultural Festival

佛教文化节期间的舞蹈表演

Nuns performing during the Buddhist Cultural Festival

僧尼们在佛教文化节期间表演

时间:8月21日至9月21日

节庆月期间,游客可观赏五台山上举办的各种文化活动和民间艺术表演。

 

气候和衣着

游览五台山的最佳时间是5月至9月,因为五台山冬天来得早,从10月开始至来年4月。五台山的海拔高,气候冷,导致某些人难以适应那里的温度。五台山冬季的白天平均温度在0℃至10℃之间。无论你何时到五台山朝圣,建议你都要带上暖和的衣物(例如外套、夹克和毛衣)、雨伞和防晒油。

 

旅行证件

护照

想去中国五台山旅游的游客应确保他们的护照有效期至少为6个月。外国人应随身携带护照,因为警察会不时检查身份,节庆期间尤甚。强烈建议那些想到西藏旅游的人最好随团出游。另外,个体申请人也必须出示自己现有的中国签证。

签证

中国规定,所有人民均需持有签证才能进入中国,下列情况除外:

  • 特定国家公民(例如澳大利亚、英国、加拿大、美国和其它欧盟国家的公民)可以参加香港或澳门组织的旅行团去珠江三角洲旅游6天。
  • 澳大利亚、加拿大、奥地利、丹麦、法国、芬兰、意大利、德国、荷兰、西班牙、瑞典、英国和美国的公民可以加入组织的旅行团去海南省旅游长达15天(只有德国公民能待21天)。
  • 申请签证时,应提供详细的资料,如地点、预定的酒店、到达日期和目的地等旅程和资料。
  • 申请商务签证时,要提供中国合法公司或机构的正式邀请函。
  • 游客应在到达后24小时内向中国公安局汇报。

必要时,可以联系你们当地驻中国大使馆了解更多信息。

 

如何到那儿

五台山地图。点击放大图片

门票:人民币218元(成人);人民币134元(儿童)
开放时间:早上6点30分至下午6点30分
最佳参访时间:5月至9月

航空管道
游客可以从北京、天津、上海、成都、桂林、南京、沈阳和西安等主要城市乘搭飞机到太原。太原机场名为太原武宿国际机场。那里有各种来往太原机场的公共交通途径,包括机场班车、201和901路公交车、长途汽车和直升机。

铁路管道
五台山火车站位于繁峙县砂河镇。 你可以从这乘火车到北京、太原和大同等城市。

公路管道
旺季时,会有从北京六里桥长途客运站、石家庄客运站和大同客运站至五台山的长途巴士。

私家管道
如果你从北京开车出发,则可以上京石高速。接着,可以在保定下高速,途经顺平县、唐县和阜平县。 之后,你就可以到五台山路。

如果从太原到五台山,则可以上原太高速,在锦州下高速。接着,开车途经定襄县、五台县、儒村、清水河和五台山南门入口去台怀镇。

 

前往五台山各山峰与寺院

前往五台山五座山峰时,早上7点先乘小型巴士从台怀村黛螺顶山脚出发。前往一座山峰的费用大约为70元,或者你可以连去五峰,费用是350元。访问五座山峰约需8.5小时。小型巴士会在每座山峰停留30分钟。

乘坐小型巴士时,要做好心理准备,因为多数路段都很颠簸。一旦你到达北峰时,空气会变得更稀薄,而且会变得越来越冷,风也越来越大。

如果你只想去一座山峰,你可以考虑去南峰,因为其以其美丽的风景和温和的天气而著称。另外,你也可以去中峰或西峰欣赏美丽的花朵。除了小型巴士外,你还可以叫出租车带你转一转。

如果你只想去一座山峰,你可以考虑去南峰,因为其以其美丽的风景和温和的天气而著称。另外,你也可以去中峰或西峰欣赏美丽的花朵。除了小型巴士外,你还可以叫出租车带你转一转。

山上可能不会有食物提供。因此,你最好准备自己的。山峰上很多厕所都是蹲式厕所。虽然参观五台山上的寺院一般都是免费,但是一些较大型寺院可能会收取小小10元的入门费。

 

菩萨顶、显通寺和太原寺

菩萨顶位于显通寺和太原寺北部。这两座著名的寺院都位于清水河西部。去那儿的最佳途径就是和绿色公交车司机问路。他们最有可能指示旅客乘坐直达山峰的免费橙色小型巴士。从这两座寺院步行就可以到达罗睺寺、圆照寺、广宗寺、菩萨顶、普寿寺和金刚窟等其它著名的寺院。

 

黛螺顶

你花30元就可以乘坐电缆车上下山峰。 如果你想体验古代旅游的经验,也可租马上山。小型巴士售票处位于黛螺顶山脚处。

 

南山寺

如果要到南山寺去,可以乘达绿色巴士,然后在南山寺桥下车。从南山寺桥,再步行约20分钟到南山寺。

 

镇海寺、白云寺和佛母洞

如果从太原村朝南方向出发,可乘坐绿色巴士到达镇海寺。另外,镇海寺也是绿色巴士的终点站。如果想去明月池、白云寺或佛母洞,则可以从镇海寺乘坐更小型的橙色小型巴士或租车前往。

从白云寺到佛母洞,没有提供任何免费的小型巴士。你可以打出租車到佛母洞台阶前,或者你可以步行到那儿,一小时就能抵达。若要完成佛母洞的台阶,则需约一小时。游客需要排队等候入洞,平日可能要等2个小时,而周末则要等上七、八个小时。

The Pilgrims and visitors were waiting for their turn to see Fomu Cave.

朝圣者和游客排队参观佛母洞

 

行程建议

行程建议
当今有許多旅行社会组织旅行团到五台山。其行程各种各样,视旅游目的和逗留时间长短而定。以下是一些四天三夜游的行程建议:

第1天:入住酒店,到台怀区内的寺院去参拜,因为那里的寺院都是步行的距离,包括大白塔、文殊发塔、罗睺寺、显通寺、圆照寺、广宗寺、菩萨顶、普寿寺和金刚窟。如果不花太多时间在每个景点的话,那么可能还可以到黛螺顶和朝拜文殊五像。

第2天:游览五峰、金阁寺和吉祥寺

第3天:如果第一天没有机会去黛螺顶,可以从拂晓开始出发去黛螺顶。接着,租车到般若泉、殊像寺、观音洞、镇海寺、白云寺和佛母洞。 去佛母洞可能很费体力,所以建议先去游览其它地方再到佛母洞。

第4天:祈福、休闲时间、离开

如果时间许可,建议延长旅行的时间。

 

住宿

五台山附近有不少住宿供旅客选择。有必要的话,建议做更深入的调查,以找到更符合个人需求的住宿。

 
1. 五台山万豪酒店
地址:
中国五台县五台山金刚库乡大甘河村一巷300号,035514
电话: +86 350 331 8888
网址: http://www.marriott.com/hotels/travel/tynwm-wutai-mountain-marriott-hotel/

 
2. 福泰酒店
地址:
中国山西忻州台怀镇明清街,035500
电话: +86 350 654 2906

 
3. 五台山云龙国际酒店
地址:
中国山西五台山,五台山汽车站附近,035500
电话: +86 350 654 3166
网址: http://www.wtsyljd.com

 

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3 Responses to 五台山——文殊菩萨人间道场

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  1. Alice Tay on Sep 30, 2017 at 12:05 am

    这是一篇内容丰富的文章。文章里介绍许多重要的人物在五台山推動了藏传佛教包括萨迦班智达、布敦仁欽珠、藏王赤松德赞和章嘉若必多吉等。

    这篇文章介绍那么多个地方中,最令我印象深刻的是文殊发塔。这是我在几个月前曾经看过佛法经典的其中一个讲述文殊菩萨的故事。这个故事让我明白不要以貌取人,必须平等尊重和慈悲对待每个众生。因为我们的无明,让我们看不清他人的本质。就算是文殊菩萨或任何一位菩萨出现在我们的面前,我们却视他为普通人或是动物。

    感谢仁波切还有背后的工作人员在此分享那么有意义并且可以利益大家的文章,尤其是将要去五台山的朝圣者。

  2. Phoebe Yong on Sep 12, 2017 at 1:04 pm

    谢谢仁波切与我们分享这篇有关五台山的文章。
    这是一篇非常好的文章,它包含了综述,历史,五台上的五个东南西北和中央的五个台的寺院,还有个别寺院的来历等等。从中可以更加的了解和明白为何五台山会被称为是文殊菩萨的人间道场,这篇文章都有一一的提到。我个人最爱的是历史,因为我从那了解到从很久以前五台山已经是皇帝接受文殊菩萨指示以及来自天上启示的圣地,而帝王就在人间实践他们的指示。
    这篇文章也是给我们要去或将来要去五台山朝圣的必读的文章,让我们可以更加的清楚了解五台山,才可以让朝圣之旅更加有意义,并祈求文殊菩萨给我们的修行加持。
    还有也要谢谢仁波切把这篇文章翻译成华语!感恩 _/\_
    😍😍🙏🙏🙏💐💐💐

  3. Phoebe Yong on Sep 12, 2017 at 1:03 pm

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  • Alice Tay
    Friday, Oct 20. 2017 01:51 AM
    In Buddhism, before become an enlightened beings, all living beings have to experience the suffering in taking rebirth for many lifetimes and each of the rebirth, we must have father and mother. It is possible that our previous lifetime’s father and mother have taken rebirth in other forms such as animals, hungry ghosts and etc in this lifetime. Due to this reason, we should love and treat all sentient beings well as everyone might once been our father or mother in the previous life. We owe them kindness and therefore we should practice dharma and help to liberate them from suffering and lead them to enlightenment.

    I am extremely grateful that I meet and learn dharma from Rinpoche. Rinpoche’s skilful means teachings let me understand that I should not only care about myself, my family and friends but to be kind and compassion to everyone around me. Rinpoche reminds and encourage us to do our commitments and daily sadhana. Later, I realized that when we do prayers, sadhana or pujas, we must begin with Taking Refuge in the Three Jewels and followed by recitation of the Four Immeasurables. Through this practice, it is actually to help us to set a good motivation and generate our Bodhicitta for the benefit of all sentient beings.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/five-ways-to-love-more-by-tsem-rinpoche.html
  • Lin Mun
    Thursday, Oct 19. 2017 10:27 PM
    Rinpoche’s blog has so many interesting topics and articles. Be it heavy and technical or light such as traveling tips, all are very useful and informative to the readers. I appreciate Rinpoche and writers team hardwork in giving us vast information and opportunity for us to learn and improve our dharma knowledge.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/i-am-honoured.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Oct 19. 2017 11:04 AM
    Wow …such a unique island called Socotra which i did not know before or come across . Everything from trees to flowers looks so unique. A place home to a panoply of strange plants and animals uniquely which adapted to the hot, harsh, windswept island. The landscape of this remote Socotra Island looks as if it comes from a sci-fi film.
    From what I see through the pictures this Socotra Island, looks more like Alien place. It’s truly unlike any place on earth and is also called the ‘Lost World ‘ to some of the tourist. I did some research on this island .
    It seem over millions of years, the isolated island in the Arabian Sea has cultivated a unique biodiversity unlike anywhere else on Earth. Twisted dragon’s blood trees and bulbous bottle trees have made Socotra a place of legends, feared by sailors throughout history and believed by some to be the site of the original Garden of Eden.
    Now it seem to be a tourist attraction in Yemen after when UNESCO named it as World Natural Heritage Site in 2006. Its wonderful news as UNESCO recognizes the importance of preserving the island.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing these unique island with us.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/travel/socotra-island.html#comment-753145
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Oct 19. 2017 11:03 AM
    Beautiful sacred painting by Rinpoche. Amazing to know RInpoche as a small kid is so talented in drawing and painting . Yet after so many years the painting still looks good condition. Such a beautiful White Tara painting and now Rinpoche still paints.
    Wow interesting stories behind the scared painting of the powerful white Tara. When we have trust and faith that’s how these powerful Tara will help us.
    Thank you for sharing with us.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/sacred-painting.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Oct 19. 2017 11:02 AM
    The two beautiful Yeti painting comes a long way from Nepal with love to Malaysia .Specially for Rinpoche……such a beautiful gift and unique .. Knowing Rinpoche like Bigfoot so much. Every gift which is given, even though it be small, is in reality great, if it is given with affection. It is not the gift but the thought that counts.
    Rejoice for Mitra Poudel and Khom Thapa
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing these beautiful paintings.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/yeti-bigfoot-sasquatch/from-nepal.html
  • Jason
    Wednesday, Oct 18. 2017 11:14 PM
    This is a great news to animals. Gucci, a leading fashion company going to stop fur clothing now. I just watched a video about the people peel off the fox skin. So cruelty.
    Even though we own any fur clothing, we shouldn’t wear it because this will create a desire cause to others to buy more fur clothing .
    Human beings are very intelligent but we shouldn’t take away animals rights to live in this planet.
    Thanks Rinpoche sharing.

    Jason
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/do-you-know-what-gucci-did.html
  • Alice Tay
    Wednesday, Oct 18. 2017 05:51 PM
    藏传佛教格鲁派第十世班禅喇嘛被视为阿弥陀佛的化身,并且是继达赖尊者后拥有最高权威的佛法大师。第十世班禅喇嘛是一名颇有影响力的大师,每当他给予公开开示时,数以千计的人都会前去听法。
    第十世班禅喇嘛和达赖尊者的关系可以追溯到第五世达赖尊者时期。在当时,第五世达赖尊者的上师,同时也是杜固扎巴坚赞(多杰雄登前世之一)的上师是第四世班禅喇嘛。为了感激上师,达赖尊者赐予上师“班禅大师”头衔,并对班禅大师的三任前世加以追封。此外,达赖尊者也将扎什伦布寺赐为其上师的驻锡地。而此扎什伦布寺内还安设一间供奉多杰雄登的护法殿至今,并且还成为著名的旅游胜地。
    由此可见,如果多杰雄登就如藏人行政中央所说的修持多杰雄登会伤害西藏事业,那么当时的第五世达赖尊者为何要赠送设有多杰雄登的护法殿的扎什伦布寺予第四世班禅喇?如果多杰雄登真的会伤害西藏事业,那么第十世班禅喇嘛为何要费尽心思来撰写这篇约30至40页的的“妙音怙主(宗喀巴)佛教护法天王金刚具力五部威猛尊酬供仪轨”的祈愿文?难道第十世班禅喇嘛铁了心肠不再理会或是存心要危害西藏人民?这一切的一切,让我们不得不深入的思考。

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/downloads/panchen-lama-sungbum-chinese.html
  • Lin Mun
    Wednesday, Oct 18. 2017 05:22 PM
    It is very worrying that there are such high percentage of plastic fibres found in our tap water. Even developed country such as UK, Germany and France has 72% of their tap water contaminated with plastic fibres. I guess this is the price we have to pay. With improve technologies and new science inventions we keep coming out with new products that uses various types of plastics and chemicals to bring down the production cost. But unfortunately, nothing comes free as human who will have to suffer the implication of these plastics fibres in the form of water and air, and it is alarming to our health. I think the only way is to create awareness to people telling them how harmful it can bring to us and we should avoid using the products that contribute the pollution and use alternative.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/do-you-know-what-you-are-drinking.html
  • Lin Mun
    Wednesday, Oct 18. 2017 05:04 PM
    It is good news that Tibetan MP Venerable Tenpa Yarphel speaks up against Nechung. Why would a democratic country listen to an oracle to seek advise for the country governance and administration? It just puzzled me. If Nechung is right, why isn’t the country and people progressing but divided further with the Dorje Shugden ban? What more Nechung is an not enlightened dharma protector. It was proven that so many Nechung’s prophecies was wrong but none would question and CTA would still follow the wrong advice. The CTA leaders continue to segregate, discriminate and remove all the human rights against Dorje Shugden practitioners such as education, medical, religion and etc. This is so illegal.

    In this age, we should be able to think and fight for our rights. I hope more people like Venerable Tenpa Yarphel will speak up against the unfair Tibetan leadership towards their people. Everyone should be treated equally and especially for a Buddhism country.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/tibetan-mp-tenpa-yarphel-speaks-up-against-nechung.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Oct 18. 2017 11:29 AM
    Shocking to read and hear this, happening in our own country. Even though this post is old , feeling sad for those cats starving been kept at two pet boarding premises which they called pets hotel. Pets owner discovered that those pets were left abandoned and starved . They also found dead cats and many were in a sad condition. Our local newspapers reported that about 200 cats and a dog were rescued from that premise alone .Another location about 100 cats were found and rescued. These episode was highlighted in news national wide. It such a shameful act .How can the owner of the premises do it for their own selfishness just because of celebrations.
    It is good that the authorities took a stern legal action against the owners of the centre.
    Animals are ignorant and do not deserve to be treated so badly. Be kind and caring to all sentient beings. Have empathy.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/300-starved-and-13-died-petknode.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Oct 18. 2017 11:28 AM
    A beautiful approach by the British MPs has recommended that people reduce the amount of meat they eat to help prevent food shortages in Britain . Even though it is political approach yet still happy as less animals will be killed for foods on the table.
    The massive increase in meat consumption in recent decades has led to the price of grain increase which used for animal feed. Its also lead to widespread deforestation and pressure on agricultural land. The MP are trying to tackle food wastage as half the food bought from UK supermarkets goes in the bin. The UK population are encouraged to eat less meat in long run.
    Thank you for sharing.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/british-mps-says-eat-less-meat.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Wednesday, Oct 18. 2017 11:27 AM
    So touching ….watching this beautiful videos , could not controlled my tears too. Its such a warm moment when the two of them met again after a long search nearly 25 years of a hopless search . Mitchell Shigemoto has never forgotten how James Pearson saved his life. In foreign places, and the way Shigemoto’s relationship with James Pearson training together and fighting ,along side in the war ,they became best friends.
    James Pearson is truly a selfless ,kind and friendly person, nor matter what happen stands by Mitchell Shigemoto.
    Thank you Pastor Loh Seng Piow for sharing this inspiring post.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/mitchell-shigemoto-and-james-pearson-best-friends-in-war.html
  • Alice Tay
    Wednesday, Oct 18. 2017 12:42 AM
    Venerable Tenpa Yarphel showed great courage to voice up and pointed out that if the Tibetan Government-in-Exile is really practice democracy, basically no one will be discriminated and segregated regardless of ethnic group, gender, religious and etc. The people should work together for the growth of the state instead of just listened or seek advice from Nechung and ultimate decisions are still come from HH the Dalai Lama in spite of his retirement from politics.
    Miraculously, Tibetan community continues to believe the Nechung although they have experienced the false prophecies given by Nechung with the possible reason that no one can fully understand the language that Nechung speaks.

    Hope there are more people like Ven. Tenpa Yarphel stand firm and continue to speak up for truth just to benefit and bring no harm to the people.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/tibetan-mp-tenpa-yarphel-speaks-up-against-nechung.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Oct 17. 2017 11:08 AM
    So sad and heart breaking watching this video ,did not able to watch that part when our best friend was put into the boiling pot. Disgusting and cruel indeed. How can they do it and later sold as meat in restaurants…..so inhuman and shocking. My heart sink for a moment to see what happening to those poor dogs. They were tortured, abused before death. Dog meat trade should stop in this modern civilization , where dog deserved much better to live ,love, like us. They are our men best friends after all. They are one of us ,accompany us ,guard our house and keeps us happy. Please do not hurt them i plea.
    Hope the government or people concerned stop the dog meat trade industries. Go on vegetarian is the right healthy choice.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing .

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/animals-vegetarianism/dog-meat-trade.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Tuesday, Oct 17. 2017 11:07 AM
    Unseen beings do exists . We human cannot see but our best friends do sense the unseen being existing around and are sensitive too. Animals do behave unusually .
    There must be some kind or unhappy event happened long time ago. A fire or someone killed ?? The unseen being are trapped ,maybe which we won’t know. They need the couple to set them free from sufferings and pain. Whatever it is , its up to the couple after they have investigated of what happen. Hope the haunted house with unseen being have a happy ending.
    Thank you for sharing, interesting videos .

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/film-tv-music/the-haunted-terror-at-maple-dale-farm.html

1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · »

Messages from Rinpoche

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Technical: Lew Kwan Leng, Justin Ripley, Yong Swee Keong
Design: Justin Ripley, Cynthia Lee
Content: Tsem Rinpoche, Justin Ripley, Pastor Shin Tan, Sarah Yap
Writer: Pastor Loh Seng Piow
Admin: Pastor Loh Seng Piow, Beng Kooi

I must thank my dharma blog team who are great assets to me, Kechara and growth of dharma in this wonderful region. I am honoured and thrilled to work with them. I really am. Maybe I don't say it enough to them, but I am saying it now. I APPRECIATE THESE GUYS VERY MUCH!

Tsem Rinpoche

What Am I Writing Now

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The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
So go pursue all the way with the unknown,
because all unknown with familiarity becomes the known.
~Tsem Rinpoche

Photos On The Go

Click on the images to view the bigger version. And scroll down and click on "View All Photos" to view more images.
Dear friends, This meme is powerful. Who you hang around with and the types of attitude they have is who you will be influenced by many times and who you will become in the future. Look at your friends and the people that always surround you to know who you will become. Tsem Rinpoche
12 hours ago
Dear friends, This meme is powerful. Who you hang around with and the types of attitude they have is who you will be influenced by many times and who you will become in the future. Look at your friends and the people that always surround you to know who you will become. Tsem Rinpoche
October 2017, His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal graciously reading our Kechara album and updates as presented by Beng Kooi and Martin. He was very pleased with our progress and offers his blessings. Tsem Rinpoche
17 hours ago
October 2017, His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal graciously reading our Kechara album and updates as presented by Beng Kooi and Martin. He was very pleased with our progress and offers his blessings. Tsem Rinpoche
His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche grants audience to Beng Kooi and Martin in France.  Read more on His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche: http://bit.ly/1PlaNNS
19 hours ago
His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche grants audience to Beng Kooi and Martin in France. Read more on His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche: http://bit.ly/1PlaNNS
Recently Beng Kooi and Martin on behalf of myself and Kechara was lucky to have audience with His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal of Gaden Shartse Monastery. He lives in around Paris, France. His Holiness is 91 years old and very healthy and alert. He was the 101st throne holder for Tsongkapa and was the head of the Gelugpa school of Buddhism and was very successful during his tenure. He is a strong practitioner of both Sutra and Tantra of Je Tsongkapa\'s tradition and a master of all Buddhist knowledge. He holds steadfast to his protector Dorje Shugden very strongly. So we can see even the highest throneholders who are masters of Sutra and Tantra also practices Dorje Shugden knowing the benefits.

Beng Kooi and Martin brought photo albums of Kechara Forest Retreat/Kechara and updates on Kechara and our works. His Holiness was very pleased to listen and offered some gifts back. 

This is a beautiful picture and the great blessings bestowed on us from His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal.

Humbly, Tsem Rinpoche 
Read more on His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche: http://bit.ly/1PlaNNS
19 hours ago
Recently Beng Kooi and Martin on behalf of myself and Kechara was lucky to have audience with His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal of Gaden Shartse Monastery. He lives in around Paris, France. His Holiness is 91 years old and very healthy and alert. He was the 101st throne holder for Tsongkapa and was the head of the Gelugpa school of Buddhism and was very successful during his tenure. He is a strong practitioner of both Sutra and Tantra of Je Tsongkapa's tradition and a master of all Buddhist knowledge. He holds steadfast to his protector Dorje Shugden very strongly. So we can see even the highest throneholders who are masters of Sutra and Tantra also practices Dorje Shugden knowing the benefits. Beng Kooi and Martin brought photo albums of Kechara Forest Retreat/Kechara and updates on Kechara and our works. His Holiness was very pleased to listen and offered some gifts back. This is a beautiful picture and the great blessings bestowed on us from His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal. Humbly, Tsem Rinpoche Read more on His Holiness Gaden Trisur Rinpoche: http://bit.ly/1PlaNNS
The meaning and origins of Halloween: http://bit.ly/2egnVrp
*****and****
My Halloween in Salem: http://bit.ly/2zwq6li

Fantastic Reads!!
2 days ago
The meaning and origins of Halloween: http://bit.ly/2egnVrp *****and**** My Halloween in Salem: http://bit.ly/2zwq6li Fantastic Reads!!
The meaning and origins of Halloween: http://bit.ly/2egnVrp
*****and****
My Halloween in Salem: http://bit.ly/2zwq6li
2 days ago
The meaning and origins of Halloween: http://bit.ly/2egnVrp *****and**** My Halloween in Salem: http://bit.ly/2zwq6li
This is so powerful. It is a must read and must share.
2 days ago
This is so powerful. It is a must read and must share.
Beng Kooi meeting with the scholar and teacher Geshe Konchok Gyeltsen lak. Geshe Konchok Gyeltsen has been very active and you can see his youtubes in Tibetan speaking about the benefits of Dorje Shugden practice. He is a direct student of Trijang Rinpoche and Zong Rinpoche.
3 days ago
Beng Kooi meeting with the scholar and teacher Geshe Konchok Gyeltsen lak. Geshe Konchok Gyeltsen has been very active and you can see his youtubes in Tibetan speaking about the benefits of Dorje Shugden practice. He is a direct student of Trijang Rinpoche and Zong Rinpoche.
Martin meeting with Gen Tashi. Gen Tashi is a very devoted and committed activist of Dorje Shugden\'s cause. He is tireless in speaking for the truth. They enjoyed sharing some time together.
3 days ago
Martin meeting with Gen Tashi. Gen Tashi is a very devoted and committed activist of Dorje Shugden's cause. He is tireless in speaking for the truth. They enjoyed sharing some time together.
Martin meeting with the well known strong and devoted Dorje Shugden activist and scholar Geshe Konchok Gyeltsen lak. Geshe lak was very happy to meet Martin and shared so much wonderful information. Beautiful meeting.
3 days ago
Martin meeting with the well known strong and devoted Dorje Shugden activist and scholar Geshe Konchok Gyeltsen lak. Geshe lak was very happy to meet Martin and shared so much wonderful information. Beautiful meeting.
Beng Kooi meeting with friend and strong and devoted Dorje Shugden activist Gen Tashi
3 days ago
Beng Kooi meeting with friend and strong and devoted Dorje Shugden activist Gen Tashi
Another stunning digital print art of Dorje Shugden from an artist in Peru. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
Another stunning digital print art of Dorje Shugden from an artist in Peru. Tsem Rinpoche
This beautiful Dorje Shugden is from an artist in the Ukraine. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
This beautiful Dorje Shugden is from an artist in the Ukraine. Tsem Rinpoche
Please never get tired of speaking for those who do not have a voice. If we can alleviate their pain or try our best, why not? Thank you all so much. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
Please never get tired of speaking for those who do not have a voice. If we can alleviate their pain or try our best, why not? Thank you all so much. Tsem Rinpoche
Pastor Antoinette of Kechara arranged a Malaysian artist to paint this special Dorje Shugden painting conceptualized by myself. She oversaw the process and completed it. Wonderful beautiful Dorje Shugden Malaysian style by Malaysian artist. Tsem Rinpoche
1 week ago
Pastor Antoinette of Kechara arranged a Malaysian artist to paint this special Dorje Shugden painting conceptualized by myself. She oversaw the process and completed it. Wonderful beautiful Dorje Shugden Malaysian style by Malaysian artist. Tsem Rinpoche
Sometimes after my prayers, reading on sasquatch is relaxing. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
Sometimes after my prayers, reading on sasquatch is relaxing. Tsem Rinpoche
This gorgeous outdoor bronze Buddha is in Korea. Would be lovely to pay homage to Him there.
2 weeks ago
This gorgeous outdoor bronze Buddha is in Korea. Would be lovely to pay homage to Him there.
Beautiful old vintage photo of Kamakura Buddha in Japan. I had the good fortune to visit this holy Buddha a few years back. I do hope I can go again with some students. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
Beautiful old vintage photo of Kamakura Buddha in Japan. I had the good fortune to visit this holy Buddha a few years back. I do hope I can go again with some students. Tsem Rinpoche
Tsem Rinpoche with Kyabje Gangchen Rinpoche in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia during the Medicine Buddha festival.
3 weeks ago
Tsem Rinpoche with Kyabje Gangchen Rinpoche in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia during the Medicine Buddha festival.
This is a unique thangka of Pelden Hlamo with Dorje Shugden and Setrap and Nechung. Of course they all get along unlike what Tibetan leadership likes to say they don\'t get along. All enlightened beings get along with other enlightened beings and unenlightened beings. Enlightened beings have no karma to not get along with others. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
This is a unique thangka of Pelden Hlamo with Dorje Shugden and Setrap and Nechung. Of course they all get along unlike what Tibetan leadership likes to say they don't get along. All enlightened beings get along with other enlightened beings and unenlightened beings. Enlightened beings have no karma to not get along with others. Tsem Rinpoche
I love this picture. I wish it will all settle down soon.
3 weeks ago
I love this picture. I wish it will all settle down soon.
 I love this picture of Mumu peeking through the screen and window to see what is going on. He is always been very busy body and active. He has to know what is going on. I love you Mumu.
3 weeks ago
I love this picture of Mumu peeking through the screen and window to see what is going on. He is always been very busy body and active. He has to know what is going on. I love you Mumu.
How would you like to get one piece of this beautiful piece of art?
3 weeks ago
How would you like to get one piece of this beautiful piece of art?
First time PM Tenpa Yarphel speaks up against Nechung. It has created a huge stir. Must read: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=144220
3 weeks ago
First time PM Tenpa Yarphel speaks up against Nechung. It has created a huge stir. Must read: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=144220
I always like my rooms to smell clean, fresh, woodsy and a bit like the forest. my favorite types of essential oils to burn daily or as an offering to the Buddhas are Juniper, Cypress, Black Spruce, Peppermint and sometimes Rosemary. I like the smell of the forest, woods and wooded areas very much. I\'ve been using essential oils in my rooms for years. I don\'t necessarily purchase the brand you see in the picture as I buy any brand as long as it\'s made naturally. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
I always like my rooms to smell clean, fresh, woodsy and a bit like the forest. my favorite types of essential oils to burn daily or as an offering to the Buddhas are Juniper, Cypress, Black Spruce, Peppermint and sometimes Rosemary. I like the smell of the forest, woods and wooded areas very much. I've been using essential oils in my rooms for years. I don't necessarily purchase the brand you see in the picture as I buy any brand as long as it's made naturally. Tsem Rinpoche
In the bitter coldness of Yachen Gar, Tibet, several nuns are practicing meditation. You can see many small single \'huts\' in the background. They do this yearly and throughout the year. It is very inspiring to see people practice even under extreme conditions because they realize how samsara is so full of deceptions. Praise to the Dharma that liberates us with truth and practice. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
In the bitter coldness of Yachen Gar, Tibet, several nuns are practicing meditation. You can see many small single 'huts' in the background. They do this yearly and throughout the year. It is very inspiring to see people practice even under extreme conditions because they realize how samsara is so full of deceptions. Praise to the Dharma that liberates us with truth and practice. Tsem Rinpoche
More than you have....
3 weeks ago
More than you have....
The holiest place for the spiritual seeker is where our guru abides. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
The holiest place for the spiritual seeker is where our guru abides. Tsem Rinpoche
Beautiful flowers offered on my shrine to Sacred Vajra Yogini. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
Beautiful flowers offered on my shrine to Sacred Vajra Yogini. Tsem Rinpoche
This is my favorite image of Lord Manjusri. I had this exact same image as a kid in the 1980\'s and treasured it very much. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
This is my favorite image of Lord Manjusri. I had this exact same image as a kid in the 1980's and treasured it very much. Tsem Rinpoche
I love this idyllic painting of a beautiful Buddhist temple in a small town with foliage, natural, blue skies and country living. I can definitely live in this type of environment any time. I love living near nature. I wish I can go inside this picture to start living there now. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
I love this idyllic painting of a beautiful Buddhist temple in a small town with foliage, natural, blue skies and country living. I can definitely live in this type of environment any time. I love living near nature. I wish I can go inside this picture to start living there now. Tsem Rinpoche
Another gorgeous Byzantine style painting. As the crowd is lead to the hill of light, atop the hill is St. Dorje Shugden ready to give rest to the weary. And hope to the hopeless and help to the helpless. Tsem Rinpoche
3 weeks ago
Another gorgeous Byzantine style painting. As the crowd is lead to the hill of light, atop the hill is St. Dorje Shugden ready to give rest to the weary. And hope to the hopeless and help to the helpless. Tsem Rinpoche
Ms Gerbrick was a very special person in my childhood. When I finally found her again, I had lost her - http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=144296
4 weeks ago
Ms Gerbrick was a very special person in my childhood. When I finally found her again, I had lost her - http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=144296
I just did another one. See how it\'s done-
 http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=144259
4 weeks ago
I just did another one. See how it's done- http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=144259
I like this sketch I just did. Tsem Rinpoche
4 weeks ago
I like this sketch I just did. Tsem Rinpoche
One of my sketches just finished. Tsem Rinpoche
4 weeks ago
One of my sketches just finished. Tsem Rinpoche
More of my drawings.  Tsem Rinpoche
4 weeks ago
More of my drawings. Tsem Rinpoche
See what Linus has to say to Charlie Brown: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/category/dorje-shugden
4 weeks ago
Plse click on this and read and share. Important thoughts regarding our teacher. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Plse click on this and read and share. Important thoughts regarding our teacher. Tsem Rinpoche
The stupa dedicated to the great Changkya Rolpai Dorje in 5 peaks of Manjushri - China. Changkya Rolpai Dorje was one of the previous life of His Holiness Pabongka Rinpoche. In that life, he was the imperial tutor to the Emperor of China.  Photo from Karen Chong
1 month ago
The stupa dedicated to the great Changkya Rolpai Dorje in 5 peaks of Manjushri - China. Changkya Rolpai Dorje was one of the previous life of His Holiness Pabongka Rinpoche. In that life, he was the imperial tutor to the Emperor of China. Photo from Karen Chong
Please click on this picture and see what the adorable boy is doing.
1 month ago
Please click on this picture and see what the adorable boy is doing.
Learn a new word and see what Fauvism means here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=143633
1 month ago
Learn a new word and see what Fauvism means here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=143633
Please click on this picture to enlarge and read. It is important and share with others. Thank you. Tsem Rinpoche
1 month ago
Please click on this picture to enlarge and read. It is important and share with others. Thank you. Tsem Rinpoche
The handprint of His Holiness Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche Jetsun Dechen Nyingpo
1 month ago
The handprint of His Holiness Kyabje Pabongka Rinpoche Jetsun Dechen Nyingpo
Dear friends, For the first time in art history you will see a Tibetan divinity in Byzantine art form. Just published! Please be amazed and see the whole artwork here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=143348
1 month ago
Dear friends, For the first time in art history you will see a Tibetan divinity in Byzantine art form. Just published! Please be amazed and see the whole artwork here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=143348
我这里有一副最庄严印度风格法力强大护法的画作。点击这里观赏与下载: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=142950
1 month ago
我这里有一副最庄严印度风格法力强大护法的画作。点击这里观赏与下载: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=142950
A separate Tibetan state? 

Should this group of Tibetans have their own autonomous state?
In a world full of trials and tribulations, this group of Tibetans continues to defy all odds against a difficult leadership. Should they have their own state, their own country to live free and in harmony? Read and decide-Part 1: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=142741 and Part 2: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=142868
1 month ago
A separate Tibetan state? Should this group of Tibetans have their own autonomous state? In a world full of trials and tribulations, this group of Tibetans continues to defy all odds against a difficult leadership. Should they have their own state, their own country to live free and in harmony? Read and decide-Part 1: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=142741 and Part 2: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=142868
When I first arrived in Gaden Monastery in January 1988, I lived in this small room: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=100092
1 month ago
When I first arrived in Gaden Monastery in January 1988, I lived in this small room: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=100092
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Videos On The Go

Please click on the images to watch video
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  • Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
    1 week ago
    Such a beautiful and powerful message from a person who knows the meaning of life. Tsem Rinpoche
  • What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    1 week ago
    What the meat industry figured out is that you don't need healthy animals to make a profit.
    Sick animals are more profitable... farms calculate how close to death they can keep animals without killing them. That's the business model. How quickly they can be made to grow, how tightly they can be packed, how much or how little can they eat, how sick they can get without dying... We live in a world in which it's conventional to treat an animal like a block of wood. ~ Jonathan Safran Foer
  • This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
    1 week ago
    This video went viral and it's a must watch!!
  • SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    2 weeks ago
    SEE HOW THIS ANIMAL SERIAL KILLER HAS NO ISSUE BLUDGEONING THIS DEFENSELESS BEING.
    This happens daily in slaughterhouse so you can get your pork and Bak ku teh. Stop eating meat.
  • Fishes circumambulate around the sacred Manjushri image at Kechara Forest Retreat-Malaysia.
    3 weeks ago
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  • Dr Jordan B Peterson reveals this shift in mindset that will make you seize every opportunity.
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    Look what China is doing about meat-eating!
  • Must watch this brain video... very interesting
    3 weeks ago
    Must watch this brain video... very interesting
  • Beautiful Buddha being sculpted from clay.
    4 weeks ago
    Beautiful Buddha being sculpted from clay.
  • After a while, you are are numb and you just keep doing it. You don’t know what you are doing and you don’t see it for what it really is. Tsem Rinpoche
    4 weeks ago
    After a while, you are are numb and you just keep doing it. You don’t know what you are doing and you don’t see it for what it really is. Tsem Rinpoche
    Please share this as much as possible. Please care. Please help: http://www.patreon.com/weanimals
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    2 months ago
    Norma Jean
    These are the heartbreaking scenes we see over and over again, that we share in the hopes of telling the stories of those who otherwise would have suffered and vanished from this earth without a trace. This is Norma Jean. Free for a little over five months, she knew more happiness than millions of her sisters ever will. But she couldn’t escape the fate genetically programmed into her as an egg producing machine. She seemed more lethargic than usual this morning, so we brought her inside to administer fluids and antibiotics in the hopes of pulling her through until we could get her in to see our vet. She couldn’t hang on. She died this evening shortly after this video was taken, severely infected from the rotting egg yolk adhered to various organs throughout her abdominal cavity. Like virtually every single one of her sisters, caged or free range, rescued or not, she paid the ultimate price for eggs (from FB)
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    2 months ago
    Canadian PM Justin Trudeau visits a Hindu mandir (temple)
    While on a visit to a Hindu mandir (temple), Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau speaks on diversity as Canada's strength.

ASK A PASTOR


Ask the Pastors

A section for you to clarify your Dharma questions with Kechara’s esteemed pastors.

Just post your name and your question below and one of our pastors will provide you with an answer.

Scroll down and click on "View All Questions" to view archived questions.

  • October 18, 2017 23:32
    Yen asked: Dear pastor, I am married but have not been blessed with a kid after several years. How can I overcome the pain I am going through? I also like to ask u for guidance to help someone dear to me who have met with an accident and in vegetative state. How do I help the friend suffer less? What can I do to help her overcome this obstacle in life even when doctor seems to have given up hope?
    Pastor Niral Patel answered: Dear Yen, Thank you for your question. I am very sorry to hear of your situation and that of your friend. One thing we need to remember is that the Buddha explained to us how karma works. Everything we experience in life, whether good or bad is due to our actions previously in this life and previous lifetimes. While this may sound unfair in that we need to experience the results of something that we do not remember doing, this is the way samsara exists. They only way to be free of this type of suffering is to attain enlightenment, the state of a Buddha. That being said, we all need help in our daily life, and that is where deity practice can help us. In order to overcome the pain you are going through, may I suggest that you engage in the Guru Yoga of Lama Tsongkhapa. You can find an excellent commentary by His Eminence the 25th Tsem Rinpoche here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/me/tsongkapas-daily-practice-video-commentary.html. You can find the prayers to recite here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/prayers-and-sadhanas/sadhana-prayers.html#19. There is also a practice box set dedicate to Lama Tsongkhapa, which you can order online here if you wish: https://www.vajrasecrets.com/tsongkhapa-boxset-english Lama Tsongkhapa is the emanation of Manjushri, the Buddha of wisdom; Chenrezig, the Buddha of compassion; and Vajrapani, the Buddha of skilful means. As such the practice is extremely powerful and is well-known to help people heal psychical pain, but more importantly the sufferings felt in the mind. You can concentrate on the recitation of the Mig Tse Ma mantra and beseech Lama Tsongkhapa to help ease your suffering. He will surely help. His practice is known for relieving anxiety and even depression. In regards to your friend, on a practical level you can research about your friend’s specific state and see if there are any treatments available that can be effective if you have not done so already. In any case what you can do is to engage in prayers or pujas and dedicate the merits generated to your friend. For example, you can engage in the practice of Medicine Buddha, available here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/prayers-and-sadhanas/medicine-buddha-practice.html, or alternative have Medicine Buddha pujas sponsored here: https://www.vajrasecrets.com/medicine-buddha-puja-fund. Medicine Buddha is excellent at healing on all levels, and provide us with soothing and beneficial energy. Another method that you can use to help your friend is to generate as much merit for her as possible. A vast amount of merit and purification of karma can help even the direst of circumstances. Such activities could involve releasing animals from slaughter or deplorable conditions, feeding the homeless and less fortunate and providing for them, and making vast amounts of offerings to the Buddhas and enlightened beings. If done with a good motivation, and dedicated towards your friend, she will benefit from the virtuous actions, even if you cannot see the benefits at the moment. Coupled with this you can engage in the practice of a Dharma protector such as a Dorje Shugden. You can find the prayers here if you wish to engage in them yourself: http://www.dorjeshugden.org/practice/diamond-path-a-daily-sadhana-of-dorje-shugden, alternatively you can have Dorje Shugden pujas sponsored here: https://www.vajrasecrets.com/dorje-shugden-wishfulfilling-puja-fund. Dharma protectors help to overcome obstacles and conditions that we wish to arise. I understand that it is a difficult situation, but you should maintain your faith in the Buddhas and enlightened beings, and they will definitely help. I hope this helps. Thank you
  • October 14, 2017 13:27
    Ling asked: I have been practising chakrasamvara for over 2 years now and recently during my meditation I feel that during the deity meditation portion that it feel like my entire body is under a heavy water fall. My heart and limbs also feel like flowing water and there is some crawling sensations. What could this be
    Pastor Niral Patel answered: Dear Ling, Thank you for your question. I rejoice to read that you are practising Chakrasamvara for over two years now. This is very good, you should keep the practice steady, keep the vows and commitments well and you will progress on your spiritual evolution. Generally speaking when you engage in higher tantric yoga meditation, the meditations include movement of your psychic winds. Therefore sometimes people will experience strange feelings in the body. When this happens, once should ease off the concentration on that particular visualisation when engaging in the practice. What you can do to lessen these feelings is to engage in purification practices such as the 35 Confessional Buddhas, which you can find here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/the-35-confessional-buddhas.html. Alternatively if you have the appropriate initiation, you can engage in the practice of Heruka Vajrasattva, which would be included in your sadhana text. Engaging in the purification practices would lessen these sensations when you practice, as everything we experience is due to our karma. What I would advise the most, however, is to consult the guru that gave you the empowerment of Chakrasamvara practice. Your guru would be able to better advise you in addition to the above, the methods you can use to minimise the physical effects if they are due to the actual practice. I hope this helps. Thank you
  • October 13, 2017 11:15
    Fearful asked: What does violent shaking all of the sudden and "shrinking" feeling of the head mean during practice mean? I've been practicing the dharmapalas, and this is happening. What does it mean?
    Pastor Niral Patel answered: Dear Fearful, Thank you for your question. There could be any number of reasons for this to be occurring. What you can do when this starts to happen is to stop what you are doing, and take deep breaths, and concentrate on your breath. As you concentrate on your breath, this will have a calming effect on both your body and mind, which should stop the involuntary shaking and strange feelings. In fact focusing on the breath is one of the best known methods of developing a focused, concentrated, yet calm Your practice of the Dharmapalas should begin with either Guru Yoga or deity practice, therefore I would suggest that you engage in these practices more before you begin the actually Dharma protector practice. One of the best practices is the Guru Yoga of Lama Tsongkhapa. This practice is well known for its healing ability on for both the body and the mind. Over time, you should see such occurrences lessen. If this shaking happens regularly and also when you are not practicing, you should consider visiting a qualified health professional just to rule out anything untoward. I hope this helps. Thank you
  • October 8, 2017 20:48
    John asked: Dear pastors, When reciting mantras we are instructed to visualize the deity. However I realize that my visualization is very very fuzzy and very very ever-changing. It is not a still image, there is like thick clouds moving and blocking the visualization then they would clear and block again and clear again and the deity would even change shape. The round part would be more oval one moment and more circle the next etc. In fact, I don't even know if the picture that ends up appearing in my mind is really looking like the deity or not. What if I end up visualizing a monster without knowing it since it's so fuzzy? Is there danger if that happens? What do you advice me to do?
    Pastor Niral Patel answered: Dear John, Thank you for your question. This is a question that people actually ask a lot, but there is no need to worry, especially if we do not have tantric initiation. In fact, the more we practice getting our visualisation stabilised now, the better we will be able to practice tantra when we eventually receive tantric initiation. The issue you are having maintain a steady visualisation is not an uncommon one. This is because we actually have to train our mind to concentrate on what we are doing. One of the major facets of Buddhist meditation is concentration, and this is something we need to develop. We might think that we have a good ability to concentrate, but what the Buddha and the great masters have taught is that we actually do not, but we can obviously develop it. Visualisation itself is a form of concentration meditation, therefore until we achieve a good level of concentration, things like this will happen as we train our minds. What we can do is to focus on a particular aspect of the visualisation, such as the face of the deity, and once that is stable and focused, we can continue onto other parts of the deity’s body, and then the various other aspects of the visualisation. That way, we train ourselves little by little to have a complete visualisation. No in regards to your question about their being danger if something goes wrong or if we make a mistake during our visualisation, this cannot be at our stage of practice. This is because the visualisation is engaged in during the mantra recitation section. Mantras themselves are the Buddhas and enlightened beings in the form of sound. Therefore when we recite mantras we are invoking the holy energies of the Buddhas, which naturally guide and protect us from any harm. The fact that you are facing this issue is in fact a good sign. It shows that are trying to concentrate on the visualisation, but that your mind has not reached a level of concentration powerful enough to maintain the stability of the visualisation. The antidote to this is simple, keep practising. As you continue to practice, you will notice that your visualisation becomes stronger and stronger. If however, you are still worried, you can end your recitation sessions with the prayer dedicated to a Dharma protector to any obstacles, and end with a completion dedication. I hope this helps. Thank you
  • October 6, 2017 22:31
    Wong asked: Hi, i would like to ask about jhana which is the last factor of the eightfold path. How is it being practised?
    Pastor Niral Patel answered: Dear Wong, Thank you for your question. The last factor of the eightfold noble path is called jhana in the Pali language. In the Sanskrit language it is called dyana. This is a state of meditative absorption which culminates in the understanding of emptiness and is the pathway that leads us to attain liberation. Generally this state is achieved through the practice of single-pointed concentration meditation. But within the Tibetan Buddhist tradition once you have achieved stabilised single-pointed meditation, you progress onto the path of special insight meditation. It is at this stage, that one is able to concentrate completely on understanding emptiness and therefore attain enlightenment. This topic is somewhat outside of the scope of this section of the blog. However, Pabongkha Rinpoche in his excellent Lam Rim text, titled “Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand” gives a very concise yet thorough introduction to the topic of meditation. Pabongkha Rinpoche addresses the path to enlightenment, not through the eightfold noble path however, but through the six perfections of a bodhisattva. In essence although on the surface the two ways of structuring the path to enlightenment may seem different, they are actually both the same if one analyses them carefully. If you read “Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand” you will understand how the two structures are interlinked if you have an understanding of the eightfold noble path. You can order a copy of the book here: https://www.vajrasecrets.com/lamrim-liberation-in-the-palm-of-your-hand and the book is also available at Kechara Paradise outlets. Alternatively, you can ask your local book store to order the book in for you if they have that service. I hope this helps. Thank you
  • October 3, 2017 04:11
    jason asked: i have been practicing higher yoga tantra for over two year now and recently i started to get nightmares for three continuous nights now and i think it will continue, What is happening ? did i do something wrong? The first nightmare was me being cut in to numerous pieces , the second was me being visited by a greyish blue female old female ghost with no eyes in eye sockets, and the third was a giant dark brown black centipede encased in a white translucent sac exploding out of my thigh and crawling/ rolling away in to darkness. Im quite worried that i may have done something wrong even though i think i have not.
    pastor answered: Dear Jason, Thank you for your question. I am glad to hear that you have been practising Higher Yoga Tantra for over two years. You should keep your samaya with your Guru pure and intact, as well as keeping the vows and commitments that you would have taken during the empowerment into the practice. If you do this then you will see a definite transformation of your mind and circumstances for the better, which is after all what Buddhist practice is all about. In regards to your nightmares I do not think that you have done anything wrong per se. In this case it could be due to two possible reasons, the first is that your negative karma is arising in your dreams and the second is that you are being afflicted by a spirit. In the first case, when we practice Higher Yoga Tantra properly and sincerely, it purifies a lot of negative karma. As when engaging in any practice that purifies negative karma, this karma can open and manifest under control situations. For example you the karma manifests are nightmares or scary figures or feelings, rather than physically, which would come about through uncontrollable causes and conditions. When karma is purified it manifests in its most mild form, and for you in this case, it could manifest in the form of nightmares. Therefore if we are engaging in powerful practices, or when we concentrate on these practices, such things can occur. Some people may find this sort of situation bad. But this is not correct, because due to the nature of samsara, we are affected by karma in some form or another. What matters here is that karma is purified so that we can progress on our spiritual journey. When you face such difficulties, the key here is continue with your practice strongly and not give up. In this manner, the karma which causes such situations to occur is purified quicker and then we are no longer affected by it. Therefore you should wholeheartedly engage in primary sadhana of your meditational deity. On the other hand, it could be that you are being affected by a spirit or spirits. In this case there are methods of protection that you can engage in which should be included in your Higher Yoga Tantra practice. If you are unsure of what these could be, please humbly approach your initiating guru for more guidance. Another way that can help solve this problem is to engage in the practice of a Dharma protector such as Dorje Shugden. Since you are already practising a Highest Yoga Tantra, you can ask your guru about the particular Dharma protectors associated with the practice. Each of the major tantric practice has certain Dharma protectors associated with it that aid practitioners to clear obstacles and create conducive conditions for practice. You can actually engage in any Dharma protector practice, but it would be best for you to consult your guru as he or she may assign you a specific Dharma protector to practice. Whatever the case may be, it comes down to karma. The Higher Yoga Tantra you are practising should include a purification practice such as Vajrasattva. For example if you practice the Heruka Chakrasamvara tantra, and have received the appropriate empowerment, you can practice Heruka Vajrasattva. You then concentrate on the practice of Vajrasattva to purify the negative karma causing the situation, and over time you will see the situation get better. If you are not sure of the purification aspect of your daily practice, you can recite the 35 Confessional Buddhas. All of these can help, however I strongly advise you to humbly approach your guru and ask for further advice and instruction, as he or she may assign you other practices or even ask you concentrate on specific sections of the sadhana that they passed to you, to help you overcome these problems. I hope this helps. Thank you.
  • September 30, 2017 22:31
    kevin asked: hi pastor, I've been very problematic lately and depressed. My plans seem to be always out of place. I read from an article that some problems are caused by negative karma from the previous and present life. I want to know if there is anything that I can do to drain my negative karma. Im very wary now on my actions to others so not to add to my existing karma. Can you suggest a mantra which I can recite and reflect on everyday to help alleviate my problems and drain my negative karma. Thank you very much. Bless you.
    pastor answered: Dear Kevin, Thank you for your question. Yes, according to Buddhist thought everything we go through in life is caused by karma. This can be either good or bad, so difficulties we face in life are indeed due to our karma. Now, one thing about karma that people often forget is that it can be purified. There are many methods within Tibetan Buddhism that are used for the purification of karma. In fact all practices necessarily involve the purification of negative karma and the generation of merit. The most effective of these are known as purification practices, which have the specific benefits of helping us to purify negative karma which leads to all kinds of problems within in our lives. These include Vajrasattva practice, which can be found here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/prayers-and-sadhanas/an-important-purification-practice.html and the practice of the 35 Confessional Buddhas, which can be found here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/the-35-confessional-buddhas.html. You can read more about these practices by clicking on the respective links. These are two very powerful methods of purifying negative karma and have been relied upon by countless practitioners and masters to progress on the spiritual path. They are two very extremely effective methods used within Tibetan Buddhism. Since you are going through many problems, however, you can engage in the practice of a Dharma protector who can help alleviate the obstacles you are facing and at the same provide conditions that are suitable for you. One such Dharma protector is Dorje Shugden, you can read more about his practice here, and his daily prayers here: http://www.dorjeshugden.org/practice/diamond-path-a-daily-sadhana-of-dorje-shugden. The website also has a lot of information about the practice and how it can benefit you in daily life. While it may seem daunting that you have negative karma, you should not be disheartened because negative karma can be overcome by purifying it. What you said is right, you should be wary of creating more negative karma. In fact that is one of the main points a Buddhist lives by, which is not creating more negative karma. People often wonder why Buddhists take vows and precepts, this is actually to stop the accumulation of negative karma. For example a Buddhist takes the vow not to kill, this obviously stops the Buddhist from creating the negative karma of killing because they consciously remember that they should not kill in whatever situation they are in. So it is very good that are checking your actions to make sure that you do not add to the negative karma. I hope this helps. Thank you.
  • September 28, 2017 13:18
    Nepal asked: I've noticed that in Nepal, Shugden and his retinue are forms of the worldly protector Za Rahula, or that's what the lamas and sadhanas say. Wouldn't that make Shugden dangerous or wouldn't that make Manjushri a worldly deity or one that is dangerous?
    pastor answered: Dear Nepal, Thank you for your question. Dorje Shugden is an emanation of Manjushri, that is what the high lamas and masters have taught and explained using Buddhist logic. Dorje Shugden as an enlightened being has been practiced by all major schools of Tibetan Buddhism, and was first practiced within the holy Sakya tradition. Similarly, Manjushri is an enlightened being. In fact all Tibetan Buddhist schools and Vajrayana traditions, including those in Nepal, say that Manjushri is an enlightened being, the Buddha of wisdom. Rahula on the other hand is a worldly deity who was bound by oath to protect Buddhism and Buddhism practitioners. You can read more about him here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/buddhas-dharma/dharma-protectors-of-tibetan-buddhism.html#tabs-1. All Tibetan Buddhist schools similarly agree to this point. Therefore to equate Dorje Shugden as a form of Za Rahula would logically mean that Manjushri is not a Buddha. This cannot be since hundreds of thousands of holy masters have relied on Manjushri and gained enlightenment through such beliefs and practices associated with Manjushri. Since from a logical perspective this cannot be the case, and Dorje Shugden is an emanation of Manjushri, it is safe to say that Dorje Shugden is not a form of Za Rahula. You can read more about Dorje Shugden, his history, lineage of practice and benefits here: http://www.dorjeshugden.org. I hope this helps. Thank you.
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Dorje Shugden
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