Chinese in Malaysia

Feb 13, 2017 | Views: 5,207
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History

The Chinese people are the second largest ethnic group in Malaysia after the Malays. Malaysians of Chinese descent consist of several sub-ethnicities, such as Min Chinese, Yue Chinese, Hakka Chinese, Wu Chinese and Northern Chinese. The first established Chinese settlement in Malaysia was formed in the 15th Century when the Chinese Princess, Hang Li Po was betrothed to the Sultan of Malacca. Since then, the Chinese have grown to become the second largest population in Malaysia.

 

The First Wave – Strategic Alliance

An artist’s illustration of Admiral Zheng He

An artist’s illustration of Admiral Zheng He

The history of the Chinese people in Malaysia began with the arrival of Admiral Zheng He (1371 – 1435), who was also known, as Admiral Cheng Ho. Cheng Ho was an explorer, eunuch, and diplomat of the Chinese Ming Dynasty. During his lifetime, he went on a total of seven voyages during which period he journeyed to Malacca five times.

The replicas of Zheng He’s ships

The replicas of Zheng He’s ships

Following Zheng He’s diplomatic missions, the 6th Sultan of the Malaccan Empire, Mansur Shah (r. 1456 – 1477) arranged for a political marriage with Hang Li Po, a Princess of the Ming Dynasty in 1459. Prior to marrying and becoming the 5th wife of Sultan Mansur Shah, Princess Hang Li Po converted to Islam. When Princess Hang Li Po arrived in Malacca, she brought with her 500 royal chambermaids.

An artist’s illustration of Princess Hang Li Po

An artist’s illustration of Princess Hang Li Po

As a wedding gift to his new bride and her attendants Sultan Mansur Shah bestowed upon them a designated area in Malacca, which was named Bukit Cina. In developing the area a water reservoir was built which later came to be known as King’s Well and became an important water source for the people who lives in the area. In 1677, the Dutch built a wall around the well and converted it into a wishing well. Today, Bukit Cina is one of the largest Chinese cemeteries in Malaysia, with approximately 12,500 graves. Strangely, there are no surviving records of a Chinese Princess named Hang Li Po in the Ming Dynasty records in China. It is believed that Princess Hang Li Po may not have been an immediate family member of the Ming Dynasty Emperor Yongle, but rather a member of his royal court.

Many of Hang Li Po’s chambermaids married the male attendants of Sultan Mansur Shah and produced Malaccan-Chinese descendants. The descendants of this first group of Chinese immigrants (who were from the Chinese Hokkien sub-ethnic group) who arrived in Malaysia between the 15th and 17th century are known as the Peranakan, of which a sub-branch is known as the famous Baba-Nyonya. The men are known as Baba and women are called Nyonya.

The King’s Well

The King’s Well

 

The Second Wave – in Search of a Better Future

The second wave of Chinese immigrants to Malaysia arrived when the Malaysia was a British Colony in the early 19th century. At the time, the country was known as British Malaya which covered present day Malaysia and Singapore. During that period, China was experiencing critical upheavals and had recently lost the First Opium War (1839 – 1842), the Second Opium War (1856 – 1860), and was in the midst of a civil war between the Chinese Nationalist Party and the Communist Party (1927 – 1950).

Internal conflicts plunged China into deep recession, which gave rise to an unstable political environment and difficult living conditions that forced many Chinese to emigrate in search of better opportunities. One of the more popular destinations was British Malaya. Most of the second wave Chinese immigrants came from the Fujian and Guandong provinces.

 

The Third Wave – Foreign Spouses

Peranakan bride and groom in traditional dress

Peranakan bride and groom in their traditional attire

The third wave of Chinese migration to Malaysia occurred in the 1900s but this time in comparatively smaller numbers, as many of them came as spouses to the people who had previously migrated to Malaysia. Most of them came from the northern part of China and spoke the Mandarin dialect.

 

Chinese Population in Malaysia

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The Chinese are the second largest ethnic group in Malaysia after the native Malays with the Indians being the third most populous race in the country. Approximately 6.9 million out of the 31 million people living in Malaysia (or 22.6%) are of Chinese descent. This group consists of several sub-ethnicities and each with its respective dialects such as Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka and Teochew.

 

Various Chinese Dialects in Malaysia

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Hokkien Dialect

There are two variations of the Hokkien dialect spoken in Malaysia: Penang Hokkien and Southern Malaysian Hokkien. Penang Hokkien originates from the city of Zhangzhou in China and incorporates the use of Malay and English words. Southern Malaysian Hokkien is based on a dialect spoken by the people of Quanzhou city in China. Many of the words from Penang Hokkien and Southern Malaysian Hokkien are similar to each other, and therefore, both dialects are often referred to as just Hokkien.

Penang Hokkien is mainly used by Malaysian Chinese people who live in the Northern states of Peninsular Malaysia, such as Penang, Kedah, Perlis, Kelantan, Terengganu, and the town of Taiping, Perak. Those who live in the Southern parts of Peninsular Malaysia, such as in the cities of Klang, Malacca, Johor and Kuching, usually speak the Southern Malaysian Hokkien dialect.

 

Cantonese Dialect

The Cantonese dialect is a variant of the Chinese language that originates from the Guangzhou region in southeastern China. Cantonese is used by Malaysian Chinese who live in the central region of Peninsular Malaysia, in cities such as Kuala Lumpur, Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya, Seremban, Ipoh, Kampar, and Kuantan. In addition, the Cantonese dialect is commonly spoken in the Sandakan District in Sabah, and the Mersing District in Johor.

 

Hakka and Teochew Dialects

The Hakka dialect is similar to the Gan language as compared to the Mandarin language. Hakka is spoken by the Malaysian Chinese who live in the major districts of Sabah, such as Kota Belud, Kota Kinabalu, Papar, Marudu, Kuna, Lahad Datu, Semporna and many more. On the other hand, Teochew is a dialect that originates from eastern Guandong, and is commonly spoken by Malaysian Chinese who live in Johor Bahru, the capital state of Johor.

 

Religions of Malaysian Chinese

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Nearly 86% of Malaysian Chinese engage in ancestral worship, Mahayana Buddhism, and are often influenced in their daily lives by Confucian philosophy. 11% of the Chinese people are Christians with the remaining being atheists, Muslims, Hindus, or belonging to some other faiths.

 

Chinese Influence in Local Malaysian Culture

The interior of a Peranakan house

The interior of a Peranakan house

Architecture

Chinese architecture in Malaysia consists of both traditional Chinese and Baba-Nyonya styles.

Traditional Chinese Architecture

Traditional Chinese architecture emphasises symmetry, enclosure of open spaces, design based on a hierarchy of importance, horizontal emphasis, and compliance with cosmological principles. A traditional Chinese building maintains balance and symmetry by incorporating empty spaces surrounded by buildings that are connected to each other either directly or via verandahs. Hierarchy is also important in traditional Chinese building complexes, and is indicated by the placements of the building and the positioning of the doors.

For example, a building with a door facing the front is more important than a building with a door facing the side. In addition, a traditional Chinese building complex complies with Chinese cosmological concepts such as feng shui and Taoism by using symbols of fortune and prosperity such as fruits and animals like three-legged frog. The following are several buildings that conform to traditional Chinese architecture in Malaysia:

Thean Hou Temple

Thean Hou Temple is dedicated to the Chinese sea goddess Mazu and is located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Construction of the temple completed in 1987, and the opening ceremony was held in 1989.

Address:
65, Persiaran Endah
Taman Persiaran Desa
50460, Kuala Lumpur

Phone: +603 2274 7088

Thean Hou Temple at night

Thean Hou Temple at night

Cheng Hoon Teng Temple

Cheng Hoon Teng Temple or ‘Merciful Cloud Temple’ was built in 1646. It is the oldest Buddhist temple in Malaysia that is dedicated to the Goddess of Mercy or Kuan Yin.

Address:
25, Jalan Tokong
75200, Melaka

Phone: +606 282 9343

Cheng Hoon Teng Temple

Cheng Hoon Teng Temple

Xian Si She Ye Temple

Xian Si She Ye Temple was built by Kapitan Yap Ah Loy in 1864. The temple is dedicated to Si Shi Ye and Xian Shi Ye, two deities that are believed to have aided Kapitan Yap Ah Loy during the Civil War and increased the Kapitan’s status and prestige.

Address:
14A, Lebuh Pudu City Centre
50050, Kuala Lumpur

Phone: +603 2078 9052

Sin She Si Ya Temple

Xian Si Ye Temple

Baba-Nyonya Architecture

Over the centuries, the Peranakan culture created its own unique styles of architecture. One such style features a reception hall, an ancestral hall, regular bedrooms, bridal bedchamber, and kitchen. Other unique features are colourful flooring, and a courtyard in the middle of the house to provide good air circulation, enable natural light to enter, and promote socialising with other family members. To understand more about this type of architecture, which is called Baba-Nyonya architecture, you can visit the Baba-Nyonya Heritage Museum in Malacca. The city of Malacca itself was declared a World UNESCO Heritage site in 2008.

Baba-Nyonya Heritage Museum

Baba-Nyonya Heritage Museum

Baba-Nyonya Heritage Museum
Address:
No. 48 & 50 Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock
75200, Melaka

Phone: +606 283 1273
Email: [email protected]
Website: http://babanyonyamuseum.com

Daily Tour Times:
10am – 1:00pm (last morning tour 12noon)
2pm – 5:00pm (last evening tour 4pm)

 

Language

Children in Peranakan costume

Children in Peranakan costume

Malaysia is a cultural melting pot of different backgrounds and traditions. Therefore, Malay, which is the official language in Malaysia, is heavily influenced by other languages and many Malay words have similar pronunciation compared to those from other languages. Although the Chinese are numerous in Malaysia, the complexity of Chinese dialects means it has had a lesser impact on the Malay language when compared to Indian dialects such as Hindi and Tamil. However, there are several Malay words that can be traced back to Chinese origins:

Several Malay words which originate from the Chinese vocabulary:

No Malay words English words Chinese words
1. kurma date fruit ko lo ma
2. cengkih clove chen chieh
3. pualam marble pa wan lam
4. kemukus cubeb ka mo ku su
5. intan diamond yin tan

 

Malaysian Chinese Festivals

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Chinese New Year

Chinese New Year marks the beginning of the Chinese Lunar Calendar. This festival is believed to be the most celebrated event amongst Chinese people all around the world. It is usually celebrated between January 21 and February 20 according to the Gregorian Calendar.

The Malaysian Chinese people often celebrate Chinese New Year by visiting and spending time with their family to feast, drink and be merry. Customarily, married members of the family give out money stuffed inside red envelopes called, ‘ang pao’ (literal meaning is red packet), to their unmarried family members. People who live overseas will often make considerable effort to travel back to their hometowns to celebrate Chinese New Year with their family.

Family gathering during Chinese New Year

Family gathering during Chinese New Year

Within Malaysia, there is also the tradition of Lion Dance performances during Chinese New Year, especially in shop fronts of Chinese-owned businesses to beckon fortune and great wealth to come. The lion’s head used in the Malaysian Lion Dances is unique, as it is made of rattan and not from the traditional bamboo. Malaysia exports its rattan lion’s heads around the world.

The New Year celebrations often last up to 15 days every year. During those days, friends and family members come together for feasts, and toss Yee Sang, a colourful Teochew-style salad containing raw fish, shredded vegetables, and special sauce, with their chopsticks to represent the wealth and good fortune they are going to receive in the upcoming year.

Yee sang

Yee sang

Amongst the Hokkien Malaysian Chinese, there is also a custom to pray to the Jade Emperor on the ninth day of the Chinese New Year. Offering him sugarcane sticks, they thank him for protecting and saving their ancestors during an attack by the Manchurians in 1652. Another practice that is unique to the Malaysian Chinese is the Chinese version of Valentine’s Day that is held on the last day of the New Year celebrations, and has been a celebration by people of Penang for around 100 years. On that day, unmarried maidens throw mandarin oranges that have their names [and in the modern day] phone numbers written on them into a river to represent their wish to find suitable husbands. Single boys, on the other hand, throw bananas into a river to represent their wish to find great wives.

 

Qingming Festival

Family members visit their deceased relatives during Qingming Festival

Family members visit the graves of deceased relatives during the Qingming Festival

The Qingming Festival is celebrated by Malaysian Chinese to honour their deceased ancestors by paying homage to them and cleaning their graves. This event usually takes place on the 15th day following the Spring Equinox of the Chinese Lunar Calendar. Chinese Buddhists offer incense and food to their deceased relatives on the altar, or burn ‘afterlife’ houses, cars, cell phones, toys, watches, and other items made from paper for their ancestors to use in the afterlife.

Houses, cars and other amenities for deceased love ones

Houses, cars and other amenities for deceased love ones

 

Mid-Autumn Festival

Mid-Autumn Festival lanterns

Mid-Autumn Festival lanterns

The Mid-Autumn Festival is celebrated on the 15th night of the 8th month according to the Chinese Lunar Calendar. Also known as the Moon Festival, the event marks the radiant full moon on that day. People celebrate by eating Chinese ‘Moon Cakes’ while enjoying the light of the full moon together with their family. It is also an occasion for them to express gratitude for a great harvest or any good event that happened during that year. Beautiful Chinese lanterns are lit and carried by children.

Mooncakes

Mooncakes

 

Dragon Boat Festival

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The Dragon Boat Festival, also known as the Duanwu Festival, is held to honour a historic Chinese scholar named Qu Yuan, who heroically drowned himself in 278 BC to voice his disappointment against government corruption. Legend tells of fishermen who searched for his body with boats, and threw rice balls into the water to prevent the fish from eating Qu Yuan’s flesh. The fishermen later put the rice inside bamboo sticks before throwing it into the sea as a way to tell the local river dragon that the rice was meant for Qu Yuan instead of for the dragon. The Dragon Boat Festival is observed on the 5th day of the 5th month according to the Chinese Lunar Calendar.

Since the time of the Tang Dynasty (265 – 419 BC), the Dragon Boat Festival has been celebrated by dragon boat racing with boats that are beautifully painted and decorated with a dragonhead on the prow of the boat, as if the entire boat is a dragon. The boat racing is to commemorate the fishermen who roamed the river in search of Qu Yuan’s body.

It is also a time of eating triangular glutinous rice dumplings wrapped in bamboo leaf, called zongzi. The centre of zongzi is often filled with meat or vegetables.

Zongzi

Zongzi – glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo leaves

The Dragon boat race has been held annually in Penang since 1979. The Penang International Dragon Boat Festival (PIDBF) has attracted participation from all over the world to compete in the event. Dragon Boat Races are also held in other parts of Malaysia such as Putrajaya, Malacca, and Sarawak.

 

Wesak Day

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Wesak Day is celebrated on the 4th month of the Chinese Lunar Calendar, on the day of the full moon. The celebration observes the birth, enlightenment and parinirvana of Buddha Shakyamuni and on that day; Buddhists make offerings of alms to monks, decorate their shrines with flowers and light, and refrain from eating meat.

 

Locations Associated with Malaysian Chinese

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Many well-known places associated with Malaysian Chinese culture are located in the city of George Town, Penang that houses many historical and cultural landmarks. In 2008, George Town was selected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its effort to preserve various cultures in Malaysia. There are a number of notable places associated with Chinese heritage in George Town, such as the Goddess of Mercy Temple, the Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, the Leong San Tong Khoo Kongsi, and the Pinang Peranakan Mansion.

 

Goddess of Mercy Temple

Goddess of Mercy Temple in Geogetown, Penang

Goddess of Mercy Temple in Geogetown, Penang

The Goddess of Mercy Temple, also known as Kong Hock Keong Temple or Kuan Yin Teng, was built in the 19th century by Malaysian Chinese of Hokkien and Cantonese descent to honour the Goddess of Mercy and Compassion, Kuan Yin. Kong Hock Keong Temple is one of the oldest Buddhist Chinese temples in Malaysia that also attracts many Taoists and those who adhere to Confucianism especially on Chinese New Year’s eve. The temple is also packed with believers who want to pay their respects to Kuan Yin on her birthday, which falls on the 19th day of the 2nd lunar month following the Chinese Lunar Calendar. The temple also houses other deities such as Tua Pek Kong, Hor Ya and Tai Sui.

The Goddess of Mercy Temple is located in the centre of George Town. If you start from Chulia Street, walk in the direction of the Indian Temple until you reach Jalan Masjid Kapitan Keling, which is only five minutes’ walk away from the Goddess of Mercy Temple.

Goddess of Mercy Temple
Address:
Jalan Masjid Kapitan Keling
George Town
10200, Pulau Penang

 

Cheong Fatt Tze (The Blue Mansion)

The beautiful Blue Mansion

The beautiful Blue Mansion

The Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, also known as the Blue Mansion, was built in the 1880s by a wealthy Hakka Chinese businessman named Cheong Fatt Tze. The indigo coloured mansion was constructed to serve as his office and to house his large families. Originally, Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion had 38 rooms, five courtyards paved with granite flooring and 220 gothic louvered windows.

Cheong Fatt Tze, who built the Blue Mansion

Cheong Fatt Tze, who built the Blue Mansion

The mansion was later left abandoned before being turned into a luxury boutique hotel in the 1900s. Due to its beauty, the Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion has won several awards, such as the Malaysian National Architectural Award for Conservation in 1995, UNESCO’s Most Excellent Heritage Conservation Award in 2000, Best Tourist Attraction Merit Award by the Malaysian Ministry of Culture, Arts & Tourism in 2003, ASEANTA 2004 Excellence Award by ASEAN Cultural Preservation Effort, and the Best Boutique Hotel 2008 by the Expatriate Lifestyle. In addition to being a luxury boutique hotel, visitors can still view some of the preserved rooms in the mansion on a 45-minute tour that costs RM16.

Cheong Fatt Tze (The Blue Mansion)
Address:
14 Leith Street
George Town,
10200, Pulau Penang

Phone: +604 262 0006
Website: http://www.cheongfatttzemansion.com

 

Leong San Tong Khoo Kongsi

Leong San Tong Khoo Kongsi

Leong San Tong Khoo Kongsi

Leong San Tong Khoo Kongsi was built in 1851 as a clan house for the Khoo Family who migrated from South China to Malacca. The Khoo family was part of the Leong San Tong (Dragon Mountain Hall) clan from the Sin Kang clan village, in Fujian Province.

In 1906, the Khoo family constructed the clan temple to house the clan’s main deities and ancestral tablets. Although the Leong San Tong Khoo Kongsi does not serve as a functional clan village anymore, it is now famous for being a tourist landmark in George Town. There are many events held at Leong San Tong Khoo Kongsi such as:

  • An Evening of Light at Leong Sang Tong Khoo Kongsi – a monthly event where all the lights are turned on to accommodate various cultural performance
  • Combat Carnivale at Khoo Kongsi – martial arts tournaments in a cultural heritage area held on ad hoc basis
  • Various plays and dramatic performances
  • Art exhibitions

Leong San Tong Khoo Kongsi
Address:
18 Cannon Square
10200, Pulau Penang

Phone: +604 261 4609
Email: [email protected]
Website: http://www.khookongsi.com.my
Visiting hours: Monday – Sunday from 9:30 am to 5:00 pm

Admission fee:
Adults: RM 10/ person.
Children: between 5 – 12 years old: RM 1/ person. Children below five years old enter for free.

 

Pinang Peranakan Mansion

Pinang Peranakan Mansion

Pinang Peranakan Mansion

Pinang Peranakan Mansion’s interior

Pinang Peranakan Mansion’s interior

Pinang Peranakan Mansion’s interior

Pinang Peranakan Mansion’s interior

Pinang Peranakan Mansion in George Town, Penang, exhibits extensive collections of antiques, as well as art and architecture that represent the opulence of Peranakan heritage. The Pinang Peranakan Mansion recreated a typical Baba-Nyonya house following the design of the home of Kapitan Cina Chung Keng Kwee (1821 – 1901). The newly restored mansion features Chinese carved-wood panels with English styled flooring and Scottish inspired ironworks.

Pinang Peranakan Mansion
Address:
29 Church Street
10200, Pulau Penang

Phone: +604 264 2929
Website: http://pinangperanakanmansion.com/
Visiting hours: Monday – Sunday from 9:30 am to 5:00 pm
Admission fee: Admission is RM20 per person. Children below six years old do not need to pay an admission fee.

 

Where to stay in George Town, Penang

Those who are interested to go to George Town to visit these notable Malaysian Chinese venues can consider Peranakan style accommodation. It is very easy to research accommodation that suit your requirements online, but here are a few suggestions:

Cheong Fatt Tze – The Blue Mansion
Address:
14, Lebuh Leith
George Town
10200 Pulau Penang

Phone: +604 262 0006
Email: [email protected]
Website: http://www.cheongfatttzemansion.com

Jawi Peranakan Mansion
Address:
153 Hutton Lane,
George Town
10050, Pulau Penang

Phone: +604 218 9858
Email: [email protected]
Website: https://www.georgetownheritage.com/jawi-peranakan-mansion/

Jawi Peranakan Mansion

Jawi Peranakan Mansion

Yeng Keng Hotel
Address:
362, Lebuh Chulia
George Town
10200, Pulau Penang

Phone: +604 262 2177
Email: [email protected]
Website: http://yengkenghotel.com.my

Yeng Keng Hotel

Yeng Keng Hotel

 

Chinese Cuisine in Malaysia

Bak Kut Teh

Bak Kut Teh

There are many Chinese restaurants in Malaysia that cater to the local Chinese population in Malaysia. The Nyonya cuisine, which is influenced by Indian and Malaysian cooking is a local favorite. Nyonya dishes usually include ingredients such as coconut milk, galangal, candlenuts, laksa leaf, pandan leaves, belachan tamarind juice, lemongrass, torch ginger bud, jicama and many other local Malaysian ingredients. Some examples of Malaysian Chinese dishes are Penang Char Kway Teow, Klang Valley Hokkien Mee, Bak Kut Teh, Ampang Yong Tau Fu, Asam Laksa, Ayam Pongteh, Babi Assam, Lontong Cap Go Meh, Kiam Chye Boey, and Laksa Lemak.

Penang Char Kwai Teow

Penang Char Kwai Teow

The list of well-known Chinese restaurants in Malaysia:

Hakka Restaurant
Address:
90, Jalan Raja Chulan
50200, Kuala Lumpur

Phone: +603 2143 1908
Hours: 12:00 pm – 03:00 pm and 06:00 pm – 11:30 pm

Shang Palace, Shangri-La Hotel
Address:
11, Jalan Sultan Ismail
50250, Kuala Lumpur

Phone: +603 2074 3904
Hours: 12:00 pm – 02:30 pm and 06:30 pm – 10:30 pm

Xin Cuisine
Address:
2, Jalan Sultan Ismail
50250, Kuala Lumpur

Phone: +603 2144 2200
Hours: 11:30 pm – 02:30 pm and 06:30 pm – 11:00 pm

Peranakan House
Address:
107, Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock
75200, Melaka

Phone: +606 284 5001
Hours: Lunch and Dinner

Old China Café
Address:
11, Jalan Bailis Polis
50000, Kuala Lumpur

Phone: +603 2072 5915
Hours: 11:30 am – 10:30 pm

Sri Nyonya
14, Jalan 22/49
46300, Petaling Jaya, Selangor

Phone: +603 7875 1031
Hours: 12:00 – 2:30 pm and 6:00 – 9:30 pm

 

Prominent Personalities of Chinese Heritage

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Historical Personalities

Kapitan China Chung Keng Quee (1821 – 1901)

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Chung Keng Quee was born in Xin Cun villa of the Cheng Sheng County in Guandong, China, to a peasant Hakka family. He travelled to British Malaya in 1841 to fulfill his mother’s wish to find his missing father and brother. Chung Keng Quee finally settled in British Malaya after locating his father and brother, who both had founded a successful business in the country. He became a well-known millionaire philanthropist; an innovator in the tin mining industry, and the head of a Chinese secret society in British Malaya called Hai San. Eventually, he founded and administered the town of Taiping in Perak, and was appointed by the British to become ‘Kapitan China’ in 1877, an important title given to the leaders of the Chinese community in Southeast Asia.

 

Kapitan China Yap Ah Loy (1837 – 1885)

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Yap Ah Loy was born on March 14, 1837 to a Hakka Chinese family in Guandong, China. In 1854, Yap Ah Loy sailed to British Malaya through Macau. Although he found the place to be fascinating because it looked very different from his hometown and he wanted to go back to China. But fate took a different turn, as he lost his money and could not return. Instead he worked as a tin miner and a small trader. Fortunately, his good friend, Liu Ngim Kong, became the second Kapitan Cina for Kuala Lumpur in 1862. Yap Ah Loy worked for Liu Ngim Kong as his trusted confidant and eventually succeeded him as the third Kapitan Cina of Kuala Lumpur and oversaw the Chinese settlers in the region. During his governance, he supported the local ruler named Tunku Kudin in the Selangor Civil War from 1867 to 1873. In addition, he was a businessman with diverse interests who managed to amass great fortune. Yap Ah Loy was credited for developing modern parts of Kuala Lumpur, such as Brickfields.

 

Business Personalities

Datuk Jimmy Choo

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Datuk Jimmy Choo is a Malaysian Chinese fashion designer based in London. He is famous for his high-quality handmade shoes with his brand name on them. Jimmy Choo was born on November 15, 1948 in George Town, Penang to a Malaysian Chinese family who had a shoe-making business. He reportedly made his first pair of shoes at the tender age of 11. A veteran in the fashion industry, Jimmy Choo has won multiple awards, such as The World’s Outstanding Malaysian Designer award in 2011, and the You Bring Charm to the World award in 2012. Other than high-end shoes, Jimmy Choo Ltd also produces ready-to-wear clothing and handbags.

 

Zang Toi

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Zang Toi is a a talented Malaysian designer who has won various awards such as Mouton-Cadet Young Designers Award and The International Centre in New York’s Award of Excellence. He was bestowed a knighthood by the Sultan of Kelantan in 1997. Zang Toi’s designs can be found in international high-end department stores such as Nordstrom and Zang Toi Boutiques in Malaysia.

 

Tan Sri Dato’ Seri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun

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Tan Sri Dato’ Seri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun is a self-made Malaysian Chinese billionaire businessman born in 1952. Vincent Tan is the Chairman of the multi-billion dollar company Berjaya Corp., which is a conglomerate covering golfing, property, resorts and gambling. In addition, he has invested in and owns interests in several international football teams such as Cardiff City Football Club, a Bosnian football club called FK Sarajevo, and a Belgian football team called KV Kortrijk. According to Forbes magazine, Vincent Tan is the 17th richest person in Malaysia in 2016.

 

Arts and Entertainment

Amber Chia

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Amber Chia is a Malaysian model and actress. She was born on December 14, 1981 in Teluk Intan, Malaysia. However, due to financial difficulties, Amber Chia was given to the care of foster parents at the tender age of eight. She had to quit formal education at the age of 15 and worked multiple jobs to support her family. Fortune started to shine on her after she moved to Kuala Lumpur to work as a model.

Her first significant achievement in the fashion world was winning the 2004 Guess Watches Timeless Beauty International Model Search. Since then, her career took off and she rose to stardom. Amber Chia was chosen by Victoria Beckham as the principal model for Victoria Beckham Autumn/Winter 2009 Ready-to-Wear collection her 15-year modeling and film career, she had been featured in more than 200 magazine covers, walked on runways in six different continents, acted as brand ambassador for approximately 30 different brands, starred in movies, and wrote two books. Her latest achievement is creating her own modeling and beauty school called Amber Chia Academy.

 

Tan Sri Dato’ Seri Michelle Yeoh Choo-Kheng

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Tan Sri Dato’ Seri Michelle Yeoh Choo-Keng, also known as Michelle Yeoh, is a well-known actress of Hokkien descent. She was born on August 6, 1962 in Ipoh, Malaysia. In addition to being a former Miss Malaysian Beauty pageant winner, Michelle Yeoh was famous for performing her own action stunts early in her career opposite Jackie Chan. She has starred in major motion pictures such as ‘Yes, Madam’ in 1986, ‘Tomorrow Never Dies’ in 1998, ‘Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon’ in 2001 and ‘Reign of Assassins’ in 2011. In 1997, Michelle Yeoh was chosen by People Magazine as one of the ‘50 Most Beautiful People in the World’, and was listed as one of the “35 All-Time Screen Beauties” by the same magazine for her unique combination of beauty and courage.

 

Fish Leong

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Fish Leong is a Malaysian Chinese singer of Cantonese heritage. She was born in Negeri Sembilan on June 16, 1978. She has achieved success in Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Japan. She is most famous for her love songs.

 

Politicians

Tan Sri Peter Chin Fah Kui

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Tan Sri Peter Chin Fah Kui is a Hakka Malaysian Chinese politician who was born on August 31, 1945 in Kuching, Sarawak. Tan Sri Peter is a veteran in the Malaysian political scene. He has held several important positions in the Malaysian government, including serving as Malaysian Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities from 2004 to 2008, becoming a member of the Malaysian Parliament for Miri from 1990 to 2013, serving as President of Sarawak’s United People’s Party from 2011 to 2014, and Malaysian Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water from 2008 to 2013.

 

Tan Sri Dato’ Seri Chor Chee Heung

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Tan Sri Dato’ Seri Chor Chee Heung is a Cantonese Malaysian Chinese politician who was born on March 15, 1955 in Alor Setar. He was a Member of the Malaysian Parliament for Alor Setar, Kedah from 1990 to 2013, and served as the Malaysian Minister of Housing and Local Government from 2010 to 2013. In addition, Tan Sri Dato’ Seri Chor Chee Heung was vice president of the Malaysian Chinese Association.

 

Tan Sri Dr. Koh Tsu Koon

CHI47

Tan Sri Dr. Koh Tsu Koon is a Malaysian Chinese politician who was born on August 26, 1949 in Penang. He joined a political party called Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia in 1982. He was the chief aide as well as the political secretary for the former Penang Chief Minister Lim Chong from 1986 to 1990. He served as the third Chief Minister of Penang from 1990 to 2008 and the fourth President of Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia from 2008 to 2013.

 

Sportspeople

Dato’ Lee Chong Wei DSPN DB DCSM

CHI48

Dato’ Lee Chong Wei DSPN DB DCSM is a Malaysian Chinese badminton player who was born on October 21, 1982 in Bagan Serai, Perak. He is regarded as a national hero by Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak for his extraordinary achievement as a Malaysian athlete. He was considered as the number one badminton player in the world from August 21, 2008 to June 14, 2012 for 199 consecutive weeks.

He has also won many awards, such as the Penang Sportsman Awards (seven times), the National Sportsman Award (four times), BWF Player of the Year Award (four times), TYT Prime Award Trophy (three times), Olympian of the Year Award (three times), Sportswriters Association of Malaysia (SAM) Award, and Most Popular Icon on Television Award by Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM).

 

Cheong Jun Hoong

CHI52 - Cheong Jun Hoong

Cheong Jun Hoong is a Malaysian Chinese diver. She was one of the first pair of women together with Pandelela Rinong to win a silver medal at 10m synchronised diving event the Olympics in 2016 in Rio de Janeiro.
Sources of Information:

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysian_Chinese
  • http://www.pinangperanakanmansion.com.my
  • http://www.cheongfatttzemansion.com
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zheng_He
  • http://www.malacca.ws/attractions/bukit-cina.htm
  • http://babanyonyali.weebly.com
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Civil_War
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabah
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shenism_in_Southeast_Asia#Malaysia
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chung_Keng_Quee
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yap_Ah_Loy
  • https://www.britannica.com/biography/Tan-Cheng-Lock
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tan_Cheng_Lock
  • http://melayuonline.com/eng/culture/dig/1707/malay-language-and-chinese-influence
  • https://ariel0806.wordpress.com/2016/05/26/the-baba-nyonya-achitecture-courtyard-as-a-functional-and-spatial-feature-in-the-house/
  • http://www.khookongsi.com.my
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Malaysia#Architecture
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yusheng
  • http://malaysia.com/mid-autumn-festival-event.html
  • http://go2travelmalaysia.com/tour_malaysia/5moon.htm
  • http://www.chinahighlights.com/festivals/dragon-boat-festival-food.htm
  • https://shewalkstheworld.com/2015/09/12/mynns-top-10-historical-buildings-to-visit-in-georgetown-penang/
  • http://www.wonderfulmalaysia.com/attractions/goddess-of-mercy-temple-georgetown-penang.htm
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheong_Fatt_Tze_Mansion
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khoo_Kongsi
  • https://theculturetrip.com/asia/malaysia/articles/chinese-malay-fusion-malaysia-s-best-nyonya-restaurants/
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peranakan_cuisine
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amber_Chia
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michelle_Yeoh
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Choo
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vincent_Tan
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koh_Tsu_Koon
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chor_Chee_Heung
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Chin_Fah_Kui
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Chong_Wei

For more interesting links:

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8 Responses to Chinese in Malaysia

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  1. wan wai meng on Mar 2, 2017 at 1:20 am

    Chinese people have a saying, where there is water the Chinese will be there. I can’t seem to find a reference for this though. Which probably means if that place has sufficient water then the Chinese will find a way to stay and live there. Water after all is the essential for human life and all lives.

    So Chinese people can be found in all corners of the Earth, the reasons nowadays are not just purely economics, some Chinese just like countries other than staying in China or their home countries. Of course it is the hope of most Chinese that their presence brings culture, food and something different to the place they have decided to put roots to.

  2. Echeah on Feb 19, 2017 at 11:58 pm

    There are still people in the West that are not aware of Chinese people living outside of China, or overseas Chinese, as China Chinese like to call us. I raise my eyebrows when during introductions, some assume I must be from China since I look Chinese. When I say I’m from Malaysia, they say I must be Malay. These people can be so ignorant and out of touch with the world it’s pathetic.

  3. Lew on Feb 19, 2017 at 8:00 pm

    This is a good article about the interesting fact about Chinese in Malaysia. When I was studying in Melbourne in the 1990s, many of the Australians do not know about Malaysia, even if they know, they would think Malaysians are all Malays. It took us quite a bit of explaining to them to understand the situation.

    Fast forward to 20+ years to today. There are still many Tibetans who cannot differentiate between Malaysian Chinese and China Chinese. When they see Malaysia Chinese, they automatically think we are China Chinese. When they see Tsem Rinpoche with many “Chinese looking people”, they automatically said Tsem Rinpoche is paid by China. I feel Tibetans should really read this article to have better understanding before accusation.

  4. Choong on Feb 17, 2017 at 11:01 pm

    It’s a very long history, at least six centuries and counting. I myself can count and document six generations of my paternal family in Melaka which certainly have become synonymous with no other country except Malaysia. Malaysia is truly Asia!

  5. Fong on Feb 17, 2017 at 10:33 pm

    Thank you for this article on the Chinese in Malaysia. To cover this topic in any significant way will cover a whole book and more. Suffice to say that this is only the tip of the iceberg but a very good one. It shows how the Chinese came over from China to escape poverty and found fortunes through hard work. They have since become very much a part of the country though they managed to keep their culture and some, like the Peranakans have assimilated the local cultures into theirs.

    They have worked to make this country their home and contributed in various fields and ways to the economy of the country. Today’s Chinese, like their forefathers, only wish for peace and harmony so that all may prosper together.

  6. Lin Mun on Feb 17, 2017 at 9:25 pm

    This is a very interesting article and for me to learn the history of my own culture. Chinese in Malaysia indeed have gone through many different phases of colonisation by various government to be who they are today. The cultures of Malaysian are very rich and unique. For example Chinese in different state of Malaysia have different cultures and language.

    Although Malaysia have so many races, religion and cultures. I think it is by understanding each other that we can all come together to live in a peace and harmony environment. Irregardless whether we are Malays, Chinese, Indian, Kadazan, or Iban, we are all Malaysian and therefore should live in harmony and be united.

  7. Pastor Shin on Feb 16, 2017 at 6:36 am

    The history of Chinese in Malaysia is one that worth celebrating, of Princess Hang Li Po of Ming marrying the Sultan of Malacca, Sultan Mansur Shah where Malacca became became a protectorate and tributary state to Ming dynasty China. However, most are the descendants of our Chinese ancestors who arrived between the early 19th century and the mid-20th century who worked in the tin mines, rubber plantations and farmlands. The arrival of Chinese in Malaysia also add to the rich mix of ethnicity and religions, which add to the nation’s colourful culture of various festivals celebrated by all races.

    Due to the kindness of the government, we were able to maintain our heritage of language, culture, religion, and even establishing Chinese language medium schools here. As China emerge as a world superpower, the good relations of China and Malaysia gives our countrymen an added advantage for economic trade and tourism. May the Chinese in Malaysia always have gratitude to the government for allowing our ancestors and us to call Malaysia our home, and that may all races in Malaysia continue to uphold the harmony and peace in the nation.

  8. Stella Cheang on Feb 15, 2017 at 8:23 pm

    It is true that when one mentioned Chinese, one is expected to receive a mixed review or reaction. There is no doubt that some rotten apples of the Chinese descendants exhibit unethical business conducts, yet one cannot deny the fact that the Chinese descendants work very hard for themselves and have no qualms to contribute to the society wherever they go/are. The Chinese in Malaysia had come a long way since the 15th century. Therefore, it is heartwarming to read from this post the Chinese heritage and achievers throughout the years. May the Malaysian Chinese continue to showcase their peace-loving and helpful nature as well as give back to the community wherever they are.

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  • Alice Tay
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 10:01 PM
    This is really great news for having SFS campaign to help the stray dogs. Other than to urge and educate the public to treat the stray dogs with compassionately, SFS campaign encourages for all quarters to work together to spay or neuter stray animals which is an effective method to control the amount of stray dogs. Indirectly, this may reduce the suffering of stray dogs from being abused or die because of starvation.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/stray-free-selangor.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 10:00 PM
    Good news finally Selangor becaome the first state free from stray dogs. With the support of the royalties and the Selangor Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) organised the campaign to make
    the state free of stray dogs and create the awareness of compassionate love towards stray animals.They are working work towards a radical change,thats a worderful news.
    Well ,do hope more states will follow Selangor to replace the inhumane way of dealing with stray animals too.
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this wonderful news.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/stray-free-selangor.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 05:29 PM
    These iconographically correct Buddha images set in precious gemstones are one of its kind and unique in every sense of the word. And the designs are versatile to suit any apparels and occasions, redefining the Buddhist sense of fashion in a big way. Thank you, Rinpoche and Louise for this sharing. I hope the pendants will bring protections to the wearer and connections to the Buddha to those who admire it by sight.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/timeless-and-sacred.html
  • Samfoonheei
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 03:29 PM
    Very inspiring true story of a monk…Master Xuyun after going through many hardships and illness to pursue what he wanted to be. What he did was amazing travelling in harsh conditions to so many places just to preach chinese buddhism from one country to another. Master Xuyun has spent his entired life devoted to the Dharma,During the war many monasteries and holy sites was destroyed but somehow Master Xuyun managed to restore once again.Because of him ,those monasteries and holy sites were till today. He was a household name at that time and have inspired many modern spiritual seeker to strive along the path towards enlightenment.
    Thank you Pastor Adeline Woon for such an interesting and inspiring article.
    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/great-lamas-masters/empty-cloud.html#tabs-7
  • Lin Mun
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 11:47 AM
    It is ironic that Dalai Lama would have given a remarks to discourage country such as Germany to accept refugees and that refugees should return to homeland and to build the country. I think this is really a callous statement to be mentioned. Dalai Lama being the Tibetan Buddhist leader should portray compassion and extending help to those in need. All these refugees are running away for their life because their own country is not safe to stay anymore. Just like what Tibetan has encountered in the late 1950s.

    This kind of contrary statement is also very obvious in the Dorje Shugden ban. Dorje Shugden have been practised by many high lamas since 400 years ago and also by Dalai Lama’s Guru but it is ban by Tibetan leadership.

    Dalai Lama is a high lama and is believed to be the emanation of Chenrezig. Although his statements were contrary sometimes but I believe he would have the reason that we may not understand yet. Hopefully all the issues would be resolve in peace.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/dalai-lama-says-too-many-refugees-in-europe.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 12:34 AM
    Wonderful good news to learn about this first of its kind progressive campaign to help the stray animals in Malaysia by the Sultan and Permaisuri of Selangor. While stray animals can be a nuisance to the public at large but bear in mind, the strays do not have a choice, and we have a role to play. Neutering strays is a humane and compassionate ways of resolving the program of stray animals in the long run because it largely reduces the numbers of strays on the streets. Neutering and proving proper shelters to strays can prevent thousands of animals from being born, only to suffer and struggle to survive on the streets, be abused by cruel or neglectful people, or be euthanized inhumanely. I have read somewhere that says spaying and neutering makes a big difference: Just one unaltered female dog and her offspring can produce 67,000 puppies in only six years. In seven years, one female cat and her offspring can produce an incredible 370,000 kittens!

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/current-affairs/stray-free-selangor.html
  • Stella Cheang
    Thursday, Mar 30. 2017 12:15 AM
    Humans and animals, as well as other sentient beings within the six realms of samsara, are subjected to the law of cyclic of existence. Karma or generally known as the law of cause and effect will determine where we take our next rebirth. It is extremely rare for sentient beings to take the form of a human body and in perfect condition. Hence we must not let this precious lifetime go to waste by indulging in silly actions and harmful ways. If we are born in the animals realms or lower, there is close to zero way for us to collect merits and get out of that realm.

    From the stories above, I find the story about Dalawong most unusual because he seemed to be able to determine the destination of his next rebirth after he was being killed as a snake. After he had taken rebirth in human form, he continued to remember the incident in his past life. Amazing!

    Thank you, Rinpoche, for sharing these researches with us.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/science-mysteries/do-animals-reincarnate-back-as-humans.html
  • Tsem Rinpoche
    Wednesday, Mar 29. 2017 09:42 PM
    If we are kind, we lose less of ourselves-Tsem Rinpoche
  • Lin Mun
    Wednesday, Mar 29. 2017 03:50 PM
    Thank you Rinpoche for sharing this article about tsa tsa. Didn’t know there are many steps and holy materials used in making a tsa tsa. In addition, the maker of tsa tsa would need to do prayer in the morning depending of what tsa tsa they are making on the day, for example, the maker will do Dorje Shugden practise before making Dorje Shugden tsa tsa.

    Only by knowing the process, we will appreciate the items more. Tsa tsa is a precious item.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/tsa-tsas-are-nice.html
  • Pastor Shin Tan
    Wednesday, Mar 29. 2017 09:28 AM
    Dalawong: A Child Recalls a Past Life as a Cobra in Thailand

    This case was actually researched by the late Francis Story, a British citizen who was fascinated with Buddhism and spent many years in Asia. He was also very interested in the topic of reincarnation and assisted Dr. Stevenson in investigating a number of very important reincarnation cases in Burma and Sri Lanka. Francis interviewed the subject of this case, a Thai boy named Dalowong, along with his father, mother and sister. He also had access to a pamphlet that was previously published regarding the case, which was also summarized in an article in the Bangkok Times.

    Dalawong actually claimed two past animal incarnations. He recalled a past lifetime as a deer, which he said was killed by a hunter. Subsequently, he stated he was reincarnated as a snake, more specifically, as a cobra.

    As the snake, Dalawong remembered that he was in a cave when two dogs entered and attacked him. A ferocious struggle ensued between the cobra and the dogs. The owner of the dogs then entered the cave and killed the snake. Apparently, the snake was able to bite the human invader on the shoulder, prior to succumbing to death.

    The human took the cobra’s body back home, where the snake was cooked for a meal. This man shared the snake meat with an acquaintance, who would become Dalawong’s father in the near future. The man who killed the cobra had the name Mr. Hiew.

    Read more here: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/science-mysteries/do-animals-reincarnate-back-as-humans.html
  • Alice Tay
    Tuesday, Mar 28. 2017 08:40 PM
    谢谢Paul Yap 为我们介绍马来西亚彭亨州文东必定参观的地方之一~克切拉禅修林。就如照片显示,克切拉禅修林的确是一个环境清幽、山明水秀以及令人有宁静舒适的感觉。

    如果有机会到马来西亚游玩,千万不要错过由Paul Yap介绍克切拉禅修林里的几个优美与神圣的地方,包括:
    1. 金泽”财王”
    2. 金刚瑜伽母佛塔
    3. 绿度母石雕像
    4. 药师佛山
    5. 梦幻文殊菩萨
    6. 詹仁波切的货柜屋
    7. 文殊山
    8. 智慧堂(释迦摩尼佛像和多杰雄登像)

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/kechara-13-depts/go-bentong.html
  • Alice Tay
    Tuesday, Mar 28. 2017 08:09 PM
    The sculpture of Kuan Yin in Macau is simple but elegant. Most importantly, this big Kuan Yin in Macau is built to bring peace, harmony and prosperity to the people.

    I remember Rinpoche mentioned before a big Buddha statue will have positive impact on the environment and plant the Buddha’s seeds in all sentient beings that not only humans but also including animals and many others. Therefore, the bigger Buddha statue the more beneficial to all sentient beings where they can see and be blessed by this big Buddha statue from far.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/art-architecture/kuan-yin-of-macau-city.html
  • Lin Mun
    Tuesday, Mar 28. 2017 03:29 PM
    Krishnan’s effort and hard work in contributing to the society is very inspiring. He is willing to let go of his high paying job to Switzerland and staying back in India to operate a soup kitchen for homeless. On top of that he is willing to accept the hardship of financial restraint every month in maintaining his service for the people living in the street. I hope his good work will bring more awareness and sponsors for him especially when CNN showed the video of his work and awarded him with top 10 CNN heroes.

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/chef-turned-hero.html
  • Pastor Shin Tan
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 06:42 PM
    According to the Buddhist teachings, we all have a unique blend of karma that determines where we are born, the circumstances of our birth and the quality of our life. Naturally, this is due to the actions that we performed in previous lives. Karma also dictates our characteristics and traits that determine how we act throughout our lives, which in turn leads to certain outcomes in this life and a determination of where we will take rebirth in the future.

    Karma, however, is not set in stone. We can change our circumstances through our own efforts – purification of karma and accumulation of merit. Tibetan astrology, based on these Buddhist principles, provides us the methods to ensure success in this life and a good rebirth in the future. Tibetan astrology can also predict what will happen to us in this life and our next rebirth based on the time of our birth.

    Discover your traits according to the Mewa, or Magical Square system of Tibetan astrology below, and find out how to purify your negative karma to improve your life!

    http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/tibetan-astrology/tibetan-astrology.html
  • Tsem Rinpoche
    Monday, Mar 27. 2017 05:24 PM
    Very interesting:


    Radin explained in his book: “For a Western-trained academic, the mere existence of, say, telepathy would be considered supernormal and thus wildly extraordinary. But for an experienced yogi, it’s just a boringly normal minor siddhi [a Sanskrit term for a meditation attainment, or power]. A skeptical scientist, not having the benefit of thousands of hours of practice in yoga and meditation, would require repeatable, rigorously obtained experimental data showing odds against chance of a gazillion to one. The yogi merely requires his own experience.”


    Very interesting read: http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/2157904-supernormal-abilities-developed-through-meditation-dr-dean-radin-discusses/?sidebar=morein

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The Unknown

The Known and unknown are both feared,
Known is being comfortable and stagnant,
The unknown may be growth and opportunities,
One shall never know if one fears the unknown more than the known.
Who says the unknown would be worse than the known?
But then again, the unknown is sometimes worse than the known. In the end nothing is known unless we endeavour,
So go pursue all the way with the unknown,
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If we are kind, we lose less of ourselves-Tsem Rinpoche
yesterday
If we are kind, we lose less of ourselves-Tsem Rinpoche
My Mumu boy didn\'t want to eat. Eating is not one of his favorite activities throughout his life. So I talked to him to let him know why he needs to eat and keep his strength up when this photo was taken. He was listening intently and after my talk with him, he ate. Tsem Rinpoche
yesterday
My Mumu boy didn't want to eat. Eating is not one of his favorite activities throughout his life. So I talked to him to let him know why he needs to eat and keep his strength up when this photo was taken. He was listening intently and after my talk with him, he ate. Tsem Rinpoche
This is so true. Click to enlarge and understand more about unpleasant people.
yesterday
This is so true. Click to enlarge and understand more about unpleasant people.
This mahasiddha Kukkuripa is easy to identify as he is accompanied by a small dog whom he loved very much.
4 days ago
This mahasiddha Kukkuripa is easy to identify as he is accompanied by a small dog whom he loved very much.
Mumu taking a rest in the turquoise room. Over the years, I always feel very satisfied when I see him covered with a blanket, safe and sleeping. I always wanted to make sure he was safe from harm, illness and distress. I wanted him to have a happy and loved life. Tsem Rinpoche
4 days ago
Mumu taking a rest in the turquoise room. Over the years, I always feel very satisfied when I see him covered with a blanket, safe and sleeping. I always wanted to make sure he was safe from harm, illness and distress. I wanted him to have a happy and loved life. Tsem Rinpoche
I wrapped my little Mumu boy up in my blanket and propped him up on my bed. He didn\'t move or wiggle and just looked at me. He is one funny entertaining little guy. Tsem Rinpoche
4 days ago
I wrapped my little Mumu boy up in my blanket and propped him up on my bed. He didn't move or wiggle and just looked at me. He is one funny entertaining little guy. Tsem Rinpoche
March 2017-Coaxing my little Mumu boy to eat his meal. He was not well and therefore not hungry. Tsem Rinpoche
4 days ago
March 2017-Coaxing my little Mumu boy to eat his meal. He was not well and therefore not hungry. Tsem Rinpoche
Click on picture to enlarge and see what Milarepa says. Profound.
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Click on picture to enlarge and see what Milarepa says. Profound.
We are always trying to get somewhere, try something new, find some friends, get some entertainment and in the end we end up in the same place. Time to really practice Dharma seriously and stop wasting time we don\'t have. ~Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
We are always trying to get somewhere, try something new, find some friends, get some entertainment and in the end we end up in the same place. Time to really practice Dharma seriously and stop wasting time we don't have. ~Tsem Rinpoche
March 20, 2017-Mumu is just so adorable with his bright eyes.
2 weeks ago
March 20, 2017-Mumu is just so adorable with his bright eyes.
More and more people inviting Lord Dorje Shugden home to connect with on their shrines. I am so happy to see this as it will benefit them and their families so much. That is the purpose to be alive which is to benefit others as much as possible. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
More and more people inviting Lord Dorje Shugden home to connect with on their shrines. I am so happy to see this as it will benefit them and their families so much. That is the purpose to be alive which is to benefit others as much as possible. Tsem Rinpoche
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
2 weeks ago
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
2 weeks ago
His Eminence Tsem Rinpoche is a good sport watching his students do Halloween drag costumes for a charity show. Funny!
The Japanese are very innovative. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
The Japanese are very innovative. Tsem Rinpoche
Read this as it will be interesting
2 weeks ago
Read this as it will be interesting
Recite this before any meal or drinks for blessings of abundance. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
Recite this before any meal or drinks for blessings of abundance. Tsem Rinpoche
This sacred statue of Buddha is in Nepal brought originally from Tibet and has spoken on many occasions. Very blessed to see this holy image and keep a picture...bless you always. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
This sacred statue of Buddha is in Nepal brought originally from Tibet and has spoken on many occasions. Very blessed to see this holy image and keep a picture...bless you always. Tsem Rinpoche
I love Mumu boy tremendously. We went through so much together for so many years. You are a great being to be with. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
I love Mumu boy tremendously. We went through so much together for so many years. You are a great being to be with. Tsem Rinpoche
Dear everyone, I am sharing this beautiful and modern altar to Dorje Shugden in Malaysia. I am glad to see more and more people creating sacred spaces. Tsem Rinpoche
2 weeks ago
Dear everyone, I am sharing this beautiful and modern altar to Dorje Shugden in Malaysia. I am glad to see more and more people creating sacred spaces. Tsem Rinpoche
Lhamo Karmo, a female buddha form visualized above the crown of one\'s head at the time of death, to encourage consciousness to leave the body via the crown aperture. From my book \"The Female Buddhas.\"- Glenn Mullin
3 weeks ago
Lhamo Karmo, a female buddha form visualized above the crown of one's head at the time of death, to encourage consciousness to leave the body via the crown aperture. From my book "The Female Buddhas."- Glenn Mullin
The Tibetan female tulku Dorje Pakmo, from a fresco on the wall of the Dorje Pakmo monastery (Samding) in Tibet, near the Turquoise Lake. In Tibet the Dorje Pakmo was ranked with the Dalai Lama, Panchen Lama and Sakya Trizin as the four highest lamas in the country.-from Glenn Mullin
3 weeks ago
The Tibetan female tulku Dorje Pakmo, from a fresco on the wall of the Dorje Pakmo monastery (Samding) in Tibet, near the Turquoise Lake. In Tibet the Dorje Pakmo was ranked with the Dalai Lama, Panchen Lama and Sakya Trizin as the four highest lamas in the country.-from Glenn Mullin
Dharma boy, Mumu boy and Oser girl checking out the scene..cute
1 month ago
Dharma boy, Mumu boy and Oser girl checking out the scene..cute
My Dharma boy has such a cute expression here. He is a good boy!
1 month ago
My Dharma boy has such a cute expression here. He is a good boy!
February 9,2017-My Mumu boy and Oser girl are just relaxing together..super cute
2 months ago
February 9,2017-My Mumu boy and Oser girl are just relaxing together..super cute
Click on the picture to enlarge and see what Suzy from Hawaii commented on the Dorje Shugden issue after much research. She is very candid and honest. Refreshing. Original is posted here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vl-4lIwxph4
2 months ago
Click on the picture to enlarge and see what Suzy from Hawaii commented on the Dorje Shugden issue after much research. She is very candid and honest. Refreshing. Original is posted here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vl-4lIwxph4
This is a good one to read
2 months ago
This is a good one to read
Mumu is silly and cute and funny
2 months ago
Mumu is silly and cute and funny
Mumu\'s hair is messy and he looks funny
2 months ago
Mumu's hair is messy and he looks funny
I am in the process of creating beautiful Dorje Shugden and Kechara Forest Retreat watches at this time. So we can take precious protector and Kechara Forest Retreat wherever we go and be blessed everytime we see what time it is. 
I am perfecting the designs with a great team and will update when done but these are just some samples that arrived. 
Feast your eyes! 

Tsem Rinpoche
3 months ago
I am in the process of creating beautiful Dorje Shugden and Kechara Forest Retreat watches at this time. So we can take precious protector and Kechara Forest Retreat wherever we go and be blessed everytime we see what time it is. I am perfecting the designs with a great team and will update when done but these are just some samples that arrived. Feast your eyes! Tsem Rinpoche
                        Pick the practice, devotion and precepts of Vajra Yogini\'s path over everything and anything in samsara. Samsara has nothing of value and nothing lasting to offer. You are born in suffering, live in suffering, die in suffering and enter bardo and future lives expecting more sufferings. This is not a negative way of looking at things but the truth. If the truth is negative, so it is the truth. Devote oneself to the guru, dharma work, dharma practice and bringing dharma to others compassionately. Choose to practice Vajra Yogini now with the preliminaries. You can start right now: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/starting-on-vajra-yogini-now.html  Much care, Tsem Rinpoche
3 months ago
Pick the practice, devotion and precepts of Vajra Yogini's path over everything and anything in samsara. Samsara has nothing of value and nothing lasting to offer. You are born in suffering, live in suffering, die in suffering and enter bardo and future lives expecting more sufferings. This is not a negative way of looking at things but the truth. If the truth is negative, so it is the truth. Devote oneself to the guru, dharma work, dharma practice and bringing dharma to others compassionately. Choose to practice Vajra Yogini now with the preliminaries. You can start right now: http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/inspiration-worthy-words/starting-on-vajra-yogini-now.html Much care, Tsem Rinpoche
Message to Tibetans in English
3 months ago
Message to Tibetans in English
Message to the Tibetans
3 months ago
Message to the Tibetans
Left to right: Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche, Sharpa Choeje Jetsun Lobsang Nyima, Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche, Kyabje Lati Rinpoche, 101st Gaden Tripa Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal. Great lamas of Gaden Shartse Monastery
3 months ago
Left to right: Kensur Jampa Yeshe Rinpoche, Sharpa Choeje Jetsun Lobsang Nyima, Kyabje Zemey Rinpoche, Kyabje Lati Rinpoche, 101st Gaden Tripa Jetsun Lungrik Namgyal. Great lamas of Gaden Shartse Monastery
A beautiful Indian rendition of Gyenze Dorje Shugden manifesting in wealth form
3 months ago
A beautiful Indian rendition of Gyenze Dorje Shugden manifesting in wealth form
This is my thoughts and determination to share with you. Please open and read. Thank you for your time. Tsem Rinpoche
3 months ago
This is my thoughts and determination to share with you. Please open and read. Thank you for your time. Tsem Rinpoche
Nepalese King Birendra receives His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche in Nepal
4 months ago
Nepalese King Birendra receives His Holiness Panchen Rinpoche in Nepal
Guess what Zava Damdin Rinpoche did in Mongolia recently with 7,800 people??? Very interesting and it is a must read:  http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=116206
4 months ago
Guess what Zava Damdin Rinpoche did in Mongolia recently with 7,800 people??? Very interesting and it is a must read:  http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/?p=116206
This huge Buddha in Korea is magnificent
4 months ago
This huge Buddha in Korea is magnificent
The very first oracle of Dorje Shugden in trance statue. I have commissioned this.
4 months ago
The very first oracle of Dorje Shugden in trance statue. I have commissioned this.
Such a old and ancient thangka painting of Dorje Shugden. He has been around in Tibet practiced for hundreds of years.
4 months ago
Such a old and ancient thangka painting of Dorje Shugden. He has been around in Tibet practiced for hundreds of years.
One of the "Four Exalted Brothers" Avalokiteshvara statues, Phagpa Wati of Kyirong, which is now with H.H. the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala.
4 months ago
One of the "Four Exalted Brothers" Avalokiteshvara statues, Phagpa Wati of Kyirong, which is now with H.H. the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala.
Kyabje Zemey, Kyabje Zong Rinpoche and Kyabje Pabongka Choktrul Rinpoche
4 months ago
Kyabje Zemey, Kyabje Zong Rinpoche and Kyabje Pabongka Choktrul Rinpoche
My Oser girl and Mumu boy are so adorable
4 months ago
My Oser girl and Mumu boy are so adorable
Wow this meditator in his cave in front of a painting of Yamantaka draped with a white khata of respect. He sits among bones to remind him of impermanence and our future. The bones inspire him strongly to let go of all attachments in this life and focus on dharma, meditation and liberation and he is doing so. Very beautiful and inspirational. Tsem Rinpoche
4 months ago
Wow this meditator in his cave in front of a painting of Yamantaka draped with a white khata of respect. He sits among bones to remind him of impermanence and our future. The bones inspire him strongly to let go of all attachments in this life and focus on dharma, meditation and liberation and he is doing so. Very beautiful and inspirational. Tsem Rinpoche
Tenzing Norgay found this in Nepal. Guess what it is?
5 months ago
Tenzing Norgay found this in Nepal. Guess what it is?
Sir Edmund Hillary
5 months ago
Sir Edmund Hillary
Halloween is my favorite holiday. Wild natural plants and flowers are my favorite offering. Buddha\'s teachings on meditation and Yidam practice bring the ultimate results and happiness. ~Tsem Rinpoche
5 months ago
Halloween is my favorite holiday. Wild natural plants and flowers are my favorite offering. Buddha's teachings on meditation and Yidam practice bring the ultimate results and happiness. ~Tsem Rinpoche
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ASK A PASTOR


Ask the Pastors

A section for you to clarify your Dharma questions with Kechara’s esteemed pastors.

Just post your name and your question below and one of our pastors will provide you with an answer.

Scroll down and click on "View All Questions" to view archived questions.

  • March 28, 2017 09:11
    Lia asked: If the ushnisha is actually supposed to be a bump, then do we change the visualization of the top knot and replace it with a bump covered in hair or do we keep the ushnisha as the thangkas show?
    No reply yet
  • March 27, 2017 04:19
    Dongho asked: I have been reading on the tunes of certain sects and would like to ask on this. From what I've read, there are certain tunes to each sect and school of certain chants. Exactly where can I find the sheet music for these percussion and horns with the chants, such as to the one for invoking Kache Marpo or Dorje Shugden? Would it be possible to use school instruments for this?
    pastor answered: Dear Dongho, Thank you for your question, it is good to see you back and asking more questions. Yes you are right, there are differences in the tunes and chants between the lineages. The differences can vary significantly between the traditions, for example the Gelugpa tradition of Tibetan Buddhism is known for its extremely deep throat singing which is very powerful and is characterised by a low, booming voice, in contrast to the other traditions. Even within a particular tradition, there can be slight variations as to the manner in which the chants and tunes are performed. For example those monasteries are which are affiliated with Gyume will have one way of throat singing, where those affiliated with Gyuto will have another. As far as I am aware there is no professional sheet music for the rituals, most probably because the music is actually an integral part of the ritual itself. Therefore the music, tunes, and chants are all taught at the same time the ritual and prayers are. The tunes, and use of the instruments all have specific meanings, because they are considered to be offerings to the deities in the form of sound. The monasteries would not have copies of sheet music either, because sheet music is western practice. The use of ritual music within Tibetan Buddhism is more of one based on memory. In the Kechara organisation, the puja team was trained in such ritual instruments at the same time they learnt the particular ritual from monks from the monastery, such as the puja of Dorje Shugden. From what I saw of the training, the musical tunes, and use of instruments was not written down but taught experientially at the same time as the chanting. I have not come across any other instruments being used in pujas apart from the traditional ritual instruments, because even the instruments themselves have a specific meaning. That is not say that school instruments cannot be used. This is because, as long as the offering is sincere, the Buddhas and enlightened deities will accept it, and in turn you will generate great amounts of merit. Offerings should be made to the best of our ability, therefore if you do not have access to the ritual instruments, or do not know how to play them, but you know how to play other instruments, and use these instruments as offerings to the Buddhas during pujas, the amount of merit you generate will be the same. This is because you are sincere with your offering. I hope this helps. Thank you.
  • March 26, 2017 02:14
    Kunga asked: Does the Gelug have Begtse a protector? If so, could you please provide a sadhana for him here?
    pastor answered: Dear Kunga, Yes the Dharma protector Begtse exists within the Gelug tradition. He is also known as Chamsing. Begtse’s practice stems from India and was introduced to Tibet and therefore Tibetan Buddhism by the translator Nyen Lotsawa. Marpa Lotsawa also practiced Begtse, and so the practice exists in the Kagyu traditions. This practice was eventually transmitted to Sachen Kunga Nyingpo, the first of the five patriarchs of the Sakya tradition, who were the founding fathers of that tradition. Over time the practice of Begtse was incorporated into the Gelug tradition, founded by Lama Tsongkhapa, and was notably practiced by the 1st and 2nd Dalai Lamas. Over time the practice gained popularity within the lineage, especially when it spread to Mongolia. There the practice became an important one within the lineage as upheld there. Begtse is also affectionately known as the Dharma protector of Mongolia, because his practice is so popular there. If I am not mistaken, there is an oracle of Begtse in Mongolia as well. There is a mistaken account that the practice originated around the time of the 3rd Dalai Lama, with the subjugation of a Mongolian war god, but Begtse was definitely practiced before that time in the Gelug, Kagyu and Sakya traditions. While the practice of Begtse is very effective, I have not come across the practice of Begtse in my personal practice, therefore I do not have access to the Begtse sadhana to provide to you. Instead Begtse is propitiated in prayers that incorporate many other Dharma protectors, and Begtse is also considered one of the nine protectors of the Hayagriva (Tamdrin) cycle of tantric teachings. Therefore Begtse is included in the Dharma protector sections of the Hayagriva tantras. Surrounding Begtse are his sister, Sing Ma, and his main minister, Le Khan Mar Po. His inner retinue comprises of eight butchers who wield copper swords in their right hands and skull-cups full of blood in their left hands. They are portrayed as naked and are very ugly. His outer retinue comprises a further twenty-one butchers, who hold copper swords in their right hands, and this time, the entrails of butchered enemies. They wear the skins humans and oxen as clothes, with ornaments made from human bone. While this may seem violent, Begtse is actually a very powerful and beneficial protector, who helps practitioners clear their obstacles and create conducive conditions for their spiritual evolution. I hope this helps. Thank you.
  • March 24, 2017 20:12
    Azair asked: Venerable Rinpoche, I am doing a study in Kalachakra Tantra and I've heard from most of the lama's too that if you practice the Kalachakra Tantra, you'll be able to take control of your next rebirth. Ofcourse, it has been said that we will get our rebirth according to our Karma and desires but whether those dreams will get fulfilled will depend upon the actions that we take in this life. Thus, practicing the Kalachakra(till the end) after initiation will give you the opportunity to take rebirth anywhere you desire regardless of your Karma. My question is that, is there some truth in this statement.? Does this statement hold true for other tantra practices, such as Vajrayogini Tantra, Ghuyasamaja Tantra, Heruka Tantra, etc. I would really really like to know. Thankyou in anticipation, regards, Azair
    pastor answered: Dear Azair, Thank you for your question. Yes there is truth to this statement, both from a scriptural perspective and also by example, as the great masters have shown us. This is a unique feature of all Anuttarayoga Tantras or Highest Yoga Tantras, which Kalachakra, Vajrayogini, Guhyasama and Heruka are all examples of. This category of tantric practice can actually lead a practitioner to full enlightenment in this very lifetime. Even if enlightenment is not reached, very high levels of attainment can be reached nonetheless. This includes the ability to take control over your next rebirth. This is primarily engaged in so that the practitioner is born in an environment where they can eventually pick up their practice and further their spiritual path to enlightenment, or in order to be born in a place where they can benefit sentient beings the most, as part of the spiritual journey over many lifetimes. One of the reasons such an ability is very necessary on the spiritual path, is that usual death and rebirth occurs at the mercy of ones karma, specifically what is known as the ‘throwing karma’ or the karma that dictates what sort of rebirth a person is going to take. This opens up at the time of ordinary death, which most people have no control over. During the death process, many of our disturbing emotions will arise. Whichever of these is the strongest at the point of death triggers open a latent karmic potential, which becomes the ‘throwing karma’ and dictates where we are going to take rebirth and if that life will generally be full of suffering or not. Within Anuttarayoga Tantra, one of the key points of practice is to prepare for one’s death. This is done by simulating the dying process during one’s meditations, so that one becomes familiar with it. At the most pivotal part of this process, one practices achieving either the rainbow body or great bliss (in the case of the father tantras); or clear light (in the case of mother tantras). The tantras themselves are not defined in terms of the gender of the central deity, but by the method used to gain enlightenment. This is either the rainbow body/great bliss (classified as male, therefore labelled ‘father’) or clear light (classified as female, therefore labelled ‘mother’). Non-dual tantras such as the Kalachakra tantra can employ either of the two methods, a mixture of both, or alternate methods. In the case of superior practitioners, due to the power of their practice, they can achieve either of these two methods in their current body. Since they have familiarised themselves with the dying process, and a particular method of practice, they can also achieve enlightenment during their physical death. The great Lama Tsongkhapa is said to have achieved enlightenment at the moment of physical death, using the second of these. For other practitioners, they may not be able to achieve this either in their meditations while they are alive, or during the death process. However because they have familiarised themselves with the dying process, they remain in complete concentration at the time of death, not allowing any disturbing emotions to arise. Due to this level of concentration, meditation and awareness during the dying process, they are able to control where they next take rebirth. This is evident in the tantric scriptures themselves, and the life stories of many masters, who can state exactly where, when and to whom they will take their next rebirth, as they are in full control of the dying and rebirth process. There is a type of meditation called ‘thukdam’ which has been translated into ‘death meditation’. This is a final meditation some masters choose to engage in. During this meditation, the master themselves consciously begin the physical dying process themselves, engage in the meditation of dissolving the winds into the heart centre and remain in the most pivotal part of the death process, the mind of clear light of death. During this point they engage in meditations, either the methods of the father or mother tantras as mentioned previously, and or consciously choose where they are to next take rebirth. They can remain in this death meditation for long periods of time, days at an end, in which their consciousness has not yet left their body, although for all intents and purposes they are dead according to medical science, e.g. they have no heartbeat. At the end of their meditation, a drop of blood will be emitted from their nostril, and their head will slump over a little. Masters who engage in this meditation usually sit in full meditation posture, and their body remain supple and soft even though they have passed away from a medical point of view. I hope this brief explanation helps. Thank you.
  • March 23, 2017 23:01
    Brad asked: What is the significance of offering the Seven precious emblems of royalty to the Buddhas and enlightened Dharma Protectors? What are we symbolically offering up?
    pastor answered: Dear Brad, Thank you for your question. The ‘saptaratna’ or seven precious emblems represent on the one hand the ultimate state of temporal power, and on the other hand the ultimate spiritual attainments that we can achieve. By offering these to the Buddhas, we are actually creating the causes to achieve what they represent. Therefore it is good to know the meaning of each, so we can understand what we are creating the causes for by offering them up: Please see below for an explanation of the seven royal emblems: 1. The Precious Wheel: a thousand spoked wheel, representing the universal power of the Buddhas, as well as the teachings of the thousand Buddhas of our aeon. It is represented by the Dharmachakra, symbolising the ‘turning of the wheel’ or teaching of the Noble Eightfold Path. It is a symbol of a universal emperor’s spiritual and temporal power. It is also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect mindfulness, especially that of our own mind, thoughts, delusions and afflictions. 2. The Precious Jewel: an eight sided wish-granting gem, which fulfils all the needs of a universal emperor. This jewel has eight special qualities: it illuminates the night sky for hundreds of leagues; it is cooling when the temperature is hot and warming when the temperature is cold; it makes manifest whatever the holder wants; when thirsty it causes a fresh-water spring to appear; it has the ability to control the nagas, and other supernatural beings, as well as preventing natural disasters such as storms, floods, etc.; it gives off multi-coloured lighted which heals the various mental and emotional afflictions; it cures all illnesses; and it ensures that one dies a natural death, not an untimely one. It is a symbol of a universal emperor’s spiritual and temporal power. It is also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect mindfulness, or perfect discrimination, so one knows what to abandon and what to keep in the mindstream during the spiritual journey to enlightenment. 3. The Precious Queen: the most beautiful and virtuous of all women. She is described as a goddess who is the epitome of someone: with devotion; without jealousy; who is the embodiment of fertility; who works for the welfare of all beings; who possess feminine wisdom; speaks the truth; not attract to sensual pleasures or material possessions; and does not have false views. She is adored by all. She also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect effort. This is necessary to keep meditating until one gains spiritual attainments. 4. The Precious Minister: who has sharp intelligence, patience, and the ability to give wise counsel to the emperor. He is so attuned to the emperor that even before the emperor has spoken, the minister is already carrying out his command. He only wishes to support the Dharma, help sentient beings, and is an excellent strategist. He also represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect joy. This is also akin to the attainment of the first bodhisattva level, because you have come to an understanding of your own mind, which is like pouring ice-cold water into boiling water. The water stops boiling, as does the thoughts, projections, and delusions in the mind. He represents the path of the bodhisattva. 5. The Precious Elephant: who has the strength of a thousand normal elephants. He is white, with the perfect features that an elephant could have. He is majestic, graceful, and gentle, but in battle is fearsome, fearless and unyielding. He communicates with the emperor through a telepathic link. He represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect adaptability. This is important, as one needs to be able to adapt to the various mental afflictions as they arise, and suitably counter them. 6. The Precious Horse: who has all the marks of a celestial horse. Known as wind-horse, he is able to travel extremely fast, and can circumambulate the entire universe three time in just a single day. He is never fearful or startled, never makes a sound when galloping, and has extremely soft hairs on his body. He represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is single-pointed concentration. This is important because without this form of concentration, once cannot engage in the analytical meditations that lead to an understanding of emptiness, and therefore enlightenment. 7. The Precious General: who has mastered the arts of war and always wins in battle. He wears battle armour and holds many different weapons. He tries to avoid battle, but when necessary fights, and never gives up until he has won. He is fearless, and courageous in carrying out the emperors commands and ensures the emperors army carries out their duties. He represents one of the factors of enlightenment, which is perfect equanimity. This is because he overcomes all warfare, which is akin to the battle between things were are attached to and things we have an aversion for in our minds. In short, what you are offering up is the highest of all temporal treasures and abilities, as well as the entire path of the Dharma. Doing so creates the causes for you to receive all of this on your spiritual journey towards enlightenment. I hope this helps. Thank you.
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信众得到佛菩萨的帮助, 特地带家人从吉隆坡到来文冬克切拉禅修林答谢佛菩萨的帮助。 YEO KWAI GIN ( KKSG )
3 hours ago
信众得到佛菩萨的帮助, 特地带家人从吉隆坡到来文冬克切拉禅修林答谢佛菩萨的帮助。 YEO KWAI GIN ( KKSG )
No matter what religion we are, importantly we transform our mind.  YEO KWAI GIN ( KKSG )
3 hours ago
No matter what religion we are, importantly we transform our mind. YEO KWAI GIN ( KKSG )
Pastor Yek Yee assisted by Puja Team blessed and conducted a puja during an outcall house blessing. Lucy Yap
2 days ago
Pastor Yek Yee assisted by Puja Team blessed and conducted a puja during an outcall house blessing. Lucy Yap
Butterlamp offering to Lama Tsongkhapa in Kechara Forest Retreat
2 days ago
Butterlamp offering to Lama Tsongkhapa in Kechara Forest Retreat
Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers and volunteers outing session. Stella,
3 days ago
Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers and volunteers outing session. Stella,
Dorje Shugden the powerful World Peace Protector taking full trance in an oracle.
4 days ago
Dorje Shugden the powerful World Peace Protector taking full trance in an oracle.
Visitors have the opportunity to pay respect to this holy statue, in Kechara Forest Retreat, Wisdom Hall!
4 days ago
Visitors have the opportunity to pay respect to this holy statue, in Kechara Forest Retreat, Wisdom Hall!
Group photo of Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers and trainer after the Teachers Training program in 2016. Stella, KSDS
4 days ago
Group photo of Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers and trainer after the Teachers Training program in 2016. Stella, KSDS
Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers attended the weekly Blogchat Dharma sharing session every Monday. Stella, KSDS
4 days ago
Kechara Sunday Dharma School teachers attended the weekly Blogchat Dharma sharing session every Monday. Stella, KSDS
Kechara Sunday Dharma School students and parents made a day trip to Kechara forest Retreat during school holidays. What a good way to spend a weekend. Stella, KSDS
4 days ago
Kechara Sunday Dharma School students and parents made a day trip to Kechara forest Retreat during school holidays. What a good way to spend a weekend. Stella, KSDS
Kechara Sunday Dharma School students, Kayene and her brother Karlson made a day trip to visit Kechara Forest Retreat with their parents. Stella, KSDS
4 days ago
Kechara Sunday Dharma School students, Kayene and her brother Karlson made a day trip to visit Kechara Forest Retreat with their parents. Stella, KSDS
Lovely visitors in Kechara Forest Retreat, Wisdom Hall
5 days ago
Lovely visitors in Kechara Forest Retreat, Wisdom Hall
Prostration is a practice to show reverence to the Three Jewels. Let the children have this practice at their young age, Alice Tay, KSDS
5 days ago
Prostration is a practice to show reverence to the Three Jewels. Let the children have this practice at their young age, Alice Tay, KSDS
Teacher Stella together with WOAH Camp young participants to check the broken egg. Alice Tay, KSDS
5 days ago
Teacher Stella together with WOAH Camp young participants to check the broken egg. Alice Tay, KSDS
Great to see Dian and Wen Xin tried to do breath meditation slowly. Alice Tay, KSDS
5 days ago
Great to see Dian and Wen Xin tried to do breath meditation slowly. Alice Tay, KSDS
Happy faces of Teacher Irene together with KSDS's youngest age group. Alice Tay, KSDS
5 days ago
Happy faces of Teacher Irene together with KSDS's youngest age group. Alice Tay, KSDS
Most of the KSDS students like drawing and discuss about their drawing. Alice Tay, KSDS
5 days ago
Most of the KSDS students like drawing and discuss about their drawing. Alice Tay, KSDS
The yearly gotong royong event on Malaysia Day. Great day to contribute back to the society. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
The yearly gotong royong event on Malaysia Day. Great day to contribute back to the society. Lin Mun KSDS
KSDS students, parents and teachers participated in food packaging for Kechara Soup Kitchen. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
KSDS students, parents and teachers participated in food packaging for Kechara Soup Kitchen. Lin Mun KSDS
The team is setting up the tent and games for the Halloween party. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
The team is setting up the tent and games for the Halloween party. Lin Mun KSDS
Students of SRJK (C) enjoyed themselves so much during Halloween 2016. Lin Mun KSDS
5 days ago
Students of SRJK (C) enjoyed themselves so much during Halloween 2016. Lin Mun KSDS
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Dorje Shugden
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